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July 06, 1960 - Image 2

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1960-07-06

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

WIEDNESDAY; JULY 6, 1660

THE ICHGANDAIY WDNESAY.JUL BY19_

LY BROADCASTS:
J' Professors To Cover Conventions

Originator Demonstrates
Drown-Proofing' Here

The .University Broadcasting.
rvice (WUOM) will offer back-
ound information of interest to
in Arbor area residents during
ie Democratic and Republican
itional conventions, twice a day
tect from Los Angeles.
Such information as the work
Michigan delegations, support
r favorite son candidates, and
Cwo Granted ,
>cholarshlps
Two University students have
ceived Fulbright scholarships
r graduate study abroad during
e 1960-61 academic year,
Miss Alta G. Singer, Grad, of
385 South Norfolk, Detroit, will
udy Romance linguistics at the
niversity of Granada, Spain.
Sidney Timmerman, 3011 Alta
rive, National City, California,
ill study German literature at
ie University of Munich.

hidden political figures at party
conventions will be covered by two
political scientists at 12:30 and 6
p.m.
Beginning July 11, Prof. Samuel
J. Eldersveld will report twice a
day to WUOM from Los Angeles
with comment and interviews on
the Democratic convention hap-
penings. Two weeks later, July 25,
WUOM will move its microphones
to Chicago and the 1960 Republi-
can convention for reports from
the International Ampitheater by
Prof. Karl Lamb. Both Prof.
Lamb and Prof. Eldersveld are
members of the University polit-
ical science department.
Dean Costen of WUOM will
assist in the gathering of material
at Los Angeles and Chicago. Bill
Stegath, also of WUOM, will par-
ticipate in the Republican con-
vention.
Prof. Eldersveld, who attended
the last two Democratic national
conventions, will compare the 1960
gatherings to -those of four and
eight years ago, with the empha-
sis on the changes of historical

perspective and the political in-
ner-workings of the convention.
Interviews with national and
state "political leaders will bring
listeners an idea of what happens
below the surface and in the
"smoke-filled rooms." Emphasis
will be placed on the actions of
the Michigan delegation and its
leaders, interpreted and analyzed
from the viewpoint of the politi-
cal scientist.
Need Voices
For Opera
There are a few openings for
male singers in the chorus for
The School of Music and Speech
Department's production of Mo-
zart's opera, "Don Giovanni."
Those interested should see Prof.
Josef Blatt, 214 Hill Auditorium
or come to rehearsal this after-
noon at 5:00 in Barbour Gym.

The man who developed the re-
markable low-energy swimming
and floating technique known as
"drown - proofing" demonstrated
it at the University yesterday.
Fred Lanoue, head swimming
coach at Georgia Tech, staged the
public demonstration at 1:30 p.m.
in the Varsity pool.
Included in the audience were
about 100 teachers and graduate
students enrolled in the Confer-
ence on Physical Education being
presented tomorrow and Friday
by men's and women's physical
education departments of the
University.
Drown-proofing, developed over
many years by Lanous, operates
on the basic principles that the
human body is naturally bouyant
and that no one-swimmer or not
-can hold his head above water
for long without becoming ex-
hausted.
The method, in which the body
is submerged vertically most of
the time, features two low-energy
strokes-a stay-afloat stroke in
which gentle movements of hands
and feet keep the body erect and
raise the head for breaths, and a
travel-stroke which is similar to
a slow-motion breast stroke and
scissor.
Drown-proofing is receiving in-
creasing support from safety
agencies and swimming instruc-
tors across the country as a meth-

od by which swimmers from age
four to 80 may be taught to stay
afloat for hours in an emergency
or to travel at least a mile with-
out fatigue.
The Conference on Physical Ed-
ucation also will feature a lecture
on "The Present and Future of
Physical Education in Today's
Society" by Jay B. Nash, profes-
sor-emeritus of New York Univer-
sity, at 9 a.m. tomorrow, and a
lecture by Prof. Ruth Glassow of
the University of Wisconsin at
10:30 a.m., both in the Women's
Athletic Building.
to Institute
Radio Series
The University Broadcasting
Service will initiate a 56-program
series this fall on "Human Be-
havior; Social and Medical Re-
search."
The series was produced by the
University Broadcasting Service
through a grant-in-aid from the
National Association of Educa-
tional Broadcasters and the Na-
tional Educational Television and
Radio Center. It will be released
nationally by the NAEB.

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KENNEDY LEADS

JOHNSON LEADS

SYMINGTON LEADS

NOMINATION RACE-The above map shows Sen. Kennedy of Massachusetts leading in most North-
western and Northeastern states; Johnson an apparent favorite in, several Southern states, and
Symington ahead in his home state of Missouri. The party representatives from all of these states,
plus those indicated as undecided or uncommitted, must choose one of these or another for its candi-
date for the presidency.
Uncommitted Leaders0 To DecidedRace

-i

_ 1

PAID ADVERTISEMENT

Cinema quild
PRESENTS

III

I

TOO BAD that sophisticated
audiences today condescend to
a western. Admittedly, the for-
mula of a bad guy terrorizing
a community, a strong youth-
ful hero with undefined ideals
opposing him, and a pure and
pretty girl giving him support,
with only a horse as her rival,
appears very simple-minded in
1960; but we do not react in
the same way when confronted
by the banalities of a teen-age
romance or a psychopath thrill-
er. Perhaps the Western ap-
pears remote because its is a
heroic formula; and this is less
and less an age of heroism. It
has not been without its artis-
tic successes and can be de-
pended upon to exert a peren-
nial appeal over audiences who
may dream of personal vigor
surmounting obstacles of the
most threatening kind.
THE LITERARY PRECUR-
SORS of the Western were the
romances of James Fenimore
Cooper; but he had been many
years in his grave when the
first western were made, and
the frontier had shifted sharp-
ly to the West. Still, the same
battles were fought. in the
same atmosphere of innocence.
What Leslie Fiedler has called
the "end of innocence" has un-
doubtedly contributed to the
decline of the status of the
Western in our own time.

AMONG THE EARLIEST
and best Westerns were those of
William S. Hart, a singularly
unglamorous hero, physically,
but whose identification with
his roles made for a singular
conviction. Later, Tom Mix,
with a very well trained horse,
held sway. His best films would
be worth revival. However, with
the passage of time, while the
formula held fast, the style got
sappier and sappier, culminat-
ing in musical Westerns.
ALMOST THE LAST THING
that one would have expected
Marlene Dietrich to appear in,
during the late 1930's, was a
Western. Her real debut had
been in the superb original
Blue Angel, in which she por-
trayed immortally the cabaret
entertainer without conscience.
Thereafter she descended into
a number of Hollywood movies,
in which she appeared as a
beautifully-gowned siren, a lat-
ter-day Theda Bara; and even
the best efforts of the photog-
raphers, catching the last shad.
ows of her veils over exotic
sands, made little appeal to a
public harrassed by the Depres-
sion. Joseph von Sternberg, her
favorite director, had a sense'
of pacing, a very great sense of
style, but he had little humani-
ty and no humor. Dietrich had
become box-office poison.
THE PRODUCER Joseph Pas-
ternak, who recognized Die-
trich's great talents, offered
her an unusual role, which she
was glad to accept. So she be-
came Frenchy, a bad woman,
for a change, in a Western,
whose formulas had previously
included only bad men, Dietrich

see what the boys in the back
room will have."
BUT ALL THE novel twists
in the classic Western formula
were successful and enjoyable
in this 1939 production. Jimmy
Stewart was mildly charming
as the hero whose visage be-
came only gradually iron-jawed,
to the despair of the town
drunk who had been elected
sheriff and was worried about
his impending demise. A gal-
axy of character actors sus-
tained the leading roles. Mischa
Auer was characteristically en-
tertaining as a henpecked Rus-
sian cowboy. Brian Donlevy is
a convincing villain. But in
some ways, the most compel-
ling barroom fight is between
two women, in a match for
which hair-pulling hardly de-
scribes the mayhem. The men
battle it out with guns: but
here the women are definitely
the stronger sex.
HOWEVER, people who wish
for simply the good entertain-
ment of which Destry Rides
Again is full and who are in-
curious, are advised to buy their
tickets at 7:35 and 9:35. The
other feature on the program
is a classic of American docu-
mentary: but the ordinary
movie fan may be excused any
acquaintance with this genre,
since these films, like experi-
mental films, are not shown in
commercial houses for the very
good reason that both the doc-
umentary and the experimental
represent a reaction to com-
mercialized success. No one in-
terested in the film as an art
form or in its development will,
however, forego the opportunity
to see the kind of protest move-
ment that makes an eventual
impingement on the commer-
cial product. Indeed, some of
the most popular films of re-
cent years-movies like On the
Waterfront or The Defiant Ones
-would not have been pos-
sible without the seepage from
the documentary, the aware-
ness that what is true ought to
be beautiful.
LIKE ALL ART FORMS, the
documentary film has its very
rudimentary beginnings. News-
reel accounts of actual happen-
ings contrasted sharply with
the world of illusion or phan-
tasy or narrative projected by
the earliest movies. Socially
conscious people began to ques-
tion the validity of the success-
ful product, whether it was
UFA or MGM. Conscious of the
failings of the commercial film,
its invariable compromises with
business associations and pub-
lic opinion, a small body of ar-
tists in every country felt that
reality in the cinema was being
slighted in favor of glamor, the
star system, or any kind of
surreptitious thrill. From this
small but important body of
opinion, the documentary film
emerged
DOCUMENTARY may be de-
fined as the kind of film which
not only treats real life as such
but tries to make the observor

THE FIRST great documen-
tary was Robert Flaherty's Na-
nook of the North (1922). What
testified to its sense of real
people, struggling against real
odds, was the fact that Nanook
starved to death in the Arctic
wilderness a year after the film
was made. Flaherty continued
his career with Moana, Man of
Aran, and Louisiana Story and
is as much the father of the
documentary as Griffith was
of the narrative film.
It was not until the Depres-
sion hit this country that the
time for native documentary
was ripe. Nanook, after all,
was exotic. The beginnings were
slow; but once the New Deal
administration decided that
hungry artists, musicians and
actors ought not to dig ditches
or plant trees but do their own
work in Federal projects, the
time had really dawned. The
artists reacted with a profound
sense of release. They did not
at all feel that they were being
directed from Washington, as
indeed neither they nor any
other independent people could
have been. So much for the
bogies of state socialism.
THE LATE 1930's witnessed
the golden age of the American
documentary; The River, The
City, Spanish Earth. The Plow
That Broke the Plains, and
what we are showing this week-
end, Power and the Land. The
greatest American composers
wrote the scores, Aaron Cop-
land and Virgil Thomson or
Marc Blitzstein. Hemingway,
MacLeish, Dos Passos, Hellman
wrote the scenarios; and Pare
Lorentz, Willard Van Dyke, and
Ralph Steiner were among the
directing luminaries.
AFTER twenty years of po-
litical stalemate, Power and the
Land will be interesting to see
again. It poses a problem, like
the other documentaries of the
period, how much use this
country is making of its re-
sources? If not, why not? How
does race or class or religion or
xenophobia interfere with the
apparent democratic process?
The next decade, which will
truly be one of survival, may
resuscitate the American docu-
mentary. The public has slept,
like Rip Van Winkle, through
twenty years and suddenly,
blink-eyed, has to confront a
situation where just like the
old painted sign of George III
that Rip looked for, the famil-
iar landmarks of security have
disappeared.
POWER and the Land was
directed by the remarkable
Dutchman, Joris Ivens, whose
previous successes had includ-
ed Spanish Earth, which Cine-
ma Guild will show next semes-
ter. Stephen Vincent Benet
contributed the dialogue, and
Douglas Moore, then as now on
the Columbia University facul-
ty, composed the music. The
film pointed out the successes
of TVA, which no federal ad-
ministration since has tried to
follow up. But the indignation
at the Dixon-Yates deal, and

GRAD STUDENT COUNCIL Presents
SOCIAL HOUR
5-7 . . . each Friday in July
VFW CLUB
314 East Liberty
everyone, must be 21 or over

I

i - - - - - -- --- - - --- .

OPENING TONIGHT THRU SATURDAY
8:00 P.M. Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
the S. N. Behrman translation of Jean Giradoux'
sparkling comedy,
Box office open 10-8
daily; subscriptions
still vdirble for
remi nderofseson
Wednesday & Thursday: $1.50, $1.00
Friday & Saturday: $1.75, $1.25
Purchase reservations now!
-Department of Speech

WASHINGTON (A)-Less than
a week before the Democrats
name their presidential candidate,
a handful of big state leaders ap-
peared today to hold the outcome
in their hands.
They'll have much of the say-
so on where hundreds of nomi-
nating votes, not now in the pos-
session of any major candidate,
THE
PROMETH EAN
(Ann Arbor's only
Espresso Cafe)
- 508 East William ---
open 8 P.M.-2 A.M.
POETRY TONIGHT

will wind up in the party's na-
tional convention opening at, Los
Angeles Monday.
Four who loom large are the
governors of Pennsylvania, Calif-
ornia and New Jersey and the
mayor of Chicago. Their states
together have 272 votes.
Sen. John F. Kennedy of Mas-
sachusetts, the frontrunner for
the presidential nomination, could
take encouragement from some
recent happenings in these baili-
wicks.
But whether the four will com-
bine with his other strength to
put Kennedy over remained for
the convention to demonstrate.
Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of
Texas, second in the unofficial
standings, had reason for hope
that he, too, can build up his
total from states now in the fav-
orite son or uncommitted cate-
gories which together total 606
votes.
Johnson's veteran mentor,
Speaker of the House Sam Ray-
burn, also of Texas, put it this
way:
"If the convention isn't blitzed
on the first or second ballot, he'll
be the nominee."
The chances of two other cand-
idates, Sen. Stuart Symington of
Missouri and former Gov. Adlai
E. Stevenson of Illinois, continued
to be pegged to the possibility of
a Kennedy-Johnson deadlock.
With 761 votes needed to nomi-
nate, here are new unofficial
standings of first ballot strength,
based on primary results, state
convention actions and associated
press polls:
Kennedy 540%, Johnson 231,
Symington 771, Humphrey 64/,
Stevenson 36, favorite sons and
others 203, uncommitted 368%.
It takes 761 votes to nominate
in the national convention.
Kennedy has been predicting
he'll have over 600 votes on the
first ballot, but some of his sup-
porters have boosted the claim
well over 700.-
Johnson backers say he'll have
a bit more than 500 on the first
ballot, and be in a position to
exceed 600 on the second.
Here's a fresh rundown on key
states:
California (81 votes)-the dele-
gation is pledged to Gov. Edmund
G. Brown on the first ballot, but
he may turn it loose ahead of
time. The pressure has been
mounting.
A recheck showed that once
Brown is out of the picture, Ken-
nedy might count on 51 votes,
Symington 5 or 6, Johnson 51/
and Stevenson 161/2 to 18 2.
Pennsylvania (81)-Gov. David
Lawrence repeated June 26 his
statement of neutrality, while
saying Kennedy "apparently has

terrific appeal with the people."
A late A.P. poll showed Penn-
sylvania delegates with 24 votes
backing Kennedy. Stevenson had
51, Symington 2, Lawrence 2/.
The rest were uncommitted but
largely willing to go the. way
Lawrence suggests.
Illinois (69)-the bulk of these
delegates no doubt will follow the
lead of Mayor Richard J. Daley of
Chicago, who for weeks has been
described as leaning to Kennedy.
Symington supporters say they
will get 13 to 20 Illinois votes. J.
A. Arvey, listed as a Symington
backer, said recently it looked as
though Kennedy could not be
stopped.
New Jersey (41)-the delegation
is pledged to Gov. Robert B. Mey-
ner but he has been under heavy
pressure to step aside in favor of
Kennedy.
Other favorite son states are
Iowa (26 votes), Kansas (21),
Florida (29) and maybe Louisiana
(26).
In Iowa, Kennedy forces talked
confidently of landing 19 votes
after a favorite son gesture for
Gov. Herschel Loveless.
DIAL NO 2-6264

r '

THE MOTION PIC'CURA IANT OF
1960 BY THE AUTHOR OF 'GIANT'

f

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