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June 23, 1960 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1960-06-23

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Seventieth Year
Truth Wil Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Summit Failure Avoidable

Eichmann Case:

Is Revenge Justifiable?

4AX LERNER, often a clear and unemo-
tional interpreter of world affairs, must
somewhat on the defensive about his col-
mn, which he entitles "God of Justice."
His argument in Israel's favor is based on
n observation that the strange chain of
rc'umstances leading to Eichmann's arrest
ems to indicate "a symmetry of history op-
ating in human affairs," which he would
ust as soon let ... take its course."
Doubtless those who saw nothing of World
rar II first hand find it easier to be abstractly
tional about the brutalities that it begat.
ut perhaps, in the long run, this is an ad-
intage rather than or in spite of a blindness.

IN SOME WAYS Lerner is right. The Jewish
nation certainly is the one unified group
that was most seriously affected by the purges,
and with respect to the ancient attitude of
"an eye for an eye," it has the right to dole
justice out to Eichmann.
The justice Lerner refers to, then, is by no
means a new or unusual concept. From the
beginning it has been implicit in all societies
that the wronged should, if he can, revenge
himself on the oppressor.
One of the most difficult lessons mankind
must learn in order to survive is that the con-
cept of revenge must be discarded entirely. It
may be an impossible lesson, but is follows
necessarily the discovery that, for his own
sake, man must have concern for others.
Revenge breeds revenge. It seems self-
evident in the light of modern psychology, but
men still act on impulse far more than reason.
Countless conflicts unsolved by the application
of this time-honored principle, may finally
serve to convince slow-learning mankind that
revenge-the impulse of the moment-is sel-
dom really satisfying, and, what is more im-
portant, tends to reawaken or encourage the
very hostile tendencies that are resented.
THERE ARE two ways of approaching prob-
lems like this one: through legal argu-
mentation or moralizing. Most people, con-
sciously or unconsciously, use both. The for-
mer is often based on precedent or tradition;
the latter, far more subjective, on emotion.
They may coincide in individual cases, but
often do not.

Legal justice seems to be against Israel,
which had no "right" to swipe Eichmann from
Argentina and probably has none to try him.
Lerner's point that, while legal justice
may forbid such activities, moral justice con-
dones and may even require them.
The Israelis, says Lerner, have "acted as
the carriers of history," and now "speak for
the conscience of mankind, as well as the
survival of their own people."
ALL THIS IS essentially meaningless, unless
one looks beyond the language to Lerner's
feelings, which he can neither ignore nor
properly rationalize.
Lerner feels that Eichmann's present situ-
ation is so appropriate that no one should
question it. But poetic justice should only
appear in poetry. Men cannot afford to listen
to their "feelings" in matters that concern
the future of the race so intimately.
Argentina's complaint and the other legal
arguments are important, but only for the
moment. When there are far-reaching conse-
quences involved, the law should be ignored
or changed. But Lerner wants to ignore the
law for the wrong reason-in order to satisfy
a personal morality-a feeling that Eichmann
is "getting his."
NOT ONLY THE LAW, but also personal
feelings, must be ignored or given sec-
ondary importance to universal morality, the
morality that considers our neighbors, our
"enemies," and our children.
To kill Eichmann, or to allow the Israelis to
kill him if they so desire, is as wrong as to
kill Caryl Chessman.
The members of society should concern
themselves with the future of the group-its
safety and its happiness. World War II re-
sulted partly from the rancor of a nation that
burned to trade revenge for revenge. Tho
plight of the Israelis, who are not yet enough
removed to think clearly and dispassionately,
is that they are going to continue the tra-
dition by punishing Eichmann.
Revenge does not solve or erase a crime, it
only adds another obstacle to mankind's in-
creasingly difficult struggle to survive.

WASHINGTON-There's a se-
cret report in the State De-
partment regarding the failure of
the summit conference which Sen.
Jack Kennedy of Massachusetts
ought to lay his hands on. It
strongly reinforces his hand
against the gibes of his Democrat-
ic rival, Sen. Lyndon Johnson.
When Kennedy had the spunk
to state, after the tragedy of Par-
is, that he would have expressed
his "regret" to Khrushchev over
sending a U-2 spy plane,over Rus-
sia on the eve of the summt con-
ference, Johnson proceeded t o
needle Kennedy in campaign
speeches. W i t h o u t mentioning
Kennedy's name he shouted at his
audience: "Would you have ex-
pressed your regret to Xhrush-
chev? Do you want a man for
President who would apologize to
* * *
SINCE THEN an interesting re-
port on the summit failure has
been written by Ambassador Ran-
dolph Burgess, former undersec-
retary of the treasury, now United
States Ambassador to NATO in
Paris. Sen. William Fulbright,
who was pressured by Johnson not
to be critical of Eisenhower in his
probe of the Paris fiasco, never
took time to dig into a lot of
things. So he never discoVered
this report.
However, the report bears out
Kennedy that the summit confer-
ence might well have been saved
by a frank face-to-face talk be-
tween Ike and Khrushchev. And
if the Paris conference had been
saved there would have been no
humiliation in Tokyo.
* * *
THE REPORT reveals that when
Prime Minister Macmillanc alled
on Khrushchev, Sunday, May 15,
in a desperate effort to salvage
the conference, Khrushchev had
pleaded, almost in a whining
voice, that Eisenhower had made
no effort to see him to explain
the spy-plane incident.
He was smartilng from the
violated just before he was sup-

-Daily-James Warneka
HoyeElves Spark,
Production of 'Annie'
IRVING BERLIN'S "Annie Get Your Gun" had a performance last
night as bright and amusing as a Wild West show, if somewhat
uneven, as the Speech Department's first Summer Playbill production.
A hoydenish Annie (Nancy Enggass) and four elfin siblings set
the tone early in the first scene, tearming through "Doin' What Comes
Naturally" with vigorous, true voices that let the audience see how
the actors were enjoying themselves.
The breezy gestures of the cast and easy progression of the action
proved that energy and fun can be better entertainment than slick

fact that Russian air had been
posed to discuss peace in Paris.
Nevertheless he indicated that
things could be smoothed over if
only the two men could talk pri-
However,, Khrushchev insisted
that Eisenhower, as the man who
had publicly taken responsibility
for violating Russian air space,
must make the first approach. He
made it clear that he was not
going to drive over to the Ameri-
can embassy to see Eisenhower,
the President would have to come
to see him.
Prime Minister M a c m i ll a n
promptly relayed this message to
Eisenhower. He also urged the
President to call on Khrushchev.
Ike, however, refused.
. * * *
THE REFUSAL made Khrush-
chev indignant. Having b e e
spurned regarding his willingness'
to sit down with Eisenhower per-
sonally, Krushchev upped his
terms. He, In turn, refused to meet
with Eisenhower as part of the
Big Four on Monday, May 16.
He delayed the conference open-
ing until a plenary session could
be called. By that time Eisenhower
was worried, ready to make con-
cessions. But it was too late.
Macmillan was so upset by Ei-
senhower's refusal to see Khrush-
chev that he commented privately
that Ike had waited too long. If
he had acted in time he could
have saved the conference, Mac-
millan said.
Learning of Macmillan's remark,
Eisenhower made some 'ritical re-
marks of his own-indicating that
the British prime minister was an
appeaser. This did not go down
However, when Foreign Minister
Selwyn Lloyd came to Washington
for the SEATO conference, the
President gave Macmillan a be-
lated private apology. He told
Lloyd he did not really mean to
call the prime minister of England
an appeaser.
* * $
THOUGH the Mississippi River
separates Tennessee and Ar-
kansas, geographically those two
states are parallel Southern states,
both bounded on the north by the
30th degree of latitude. When it
comes to politics, however, cer-
tain Tennessee and Arkansas so-
Ions are completely opposite.
Take the recent backstage bat-
tle over plugging tax loopholes.
For several years Sen. Estes
Kefauver of Tennessee, east of the
Mississippi River, has been ham-
mering at the treasury depart-
ment to ban tax deductions to
corporations and lobbying groups
seeking to influence Congress.
The liquor industry and various
other business associations have
been trying to persuade Congress
to pass legislation favoring them,
then turning around and deduct-
ing the lobbying expense from the
tax bill due Uncle Sam.
argued this was unfair to other
taxpayers, and the treasury last-
December finally sided with him.
On the other side of. the Mis-
sissippi River, however, Arkansas
sent Wilbur Mills to Congress and
he finally became chairman of the
powerful Ways and Means Com-
mittee which is supposed to plug
the axloopholes.
Mills has a philosophy opposite
to that of his neighbor from Ten-
nessee. While Kefauver has been
exposing the high cost of medi-
cine and the shenanigans o a
food and drug doctor who collected
$287,000 from drug companies on


' 3 A /.-"f I~m5Hri

SRAEL STANDS almost alone in the UN
debate on the Eichmann affair, and most of
the editorials have been critical of it. But I
cannot in conscience join them, and I want
to register a dissenting opinion.
I know there is a strong case to be made
against the spiriting away of Eichmann from
Argentina, since international law cannot con-
done the violation of sovereignty involved in
such a kidnaping. There is also a strong case
against Eichmann's trial by an Israe'li court
instead of by the Germans or an international
tribunal. It may-even be argued that an Israeli
show trial is against Jewish self-interest, since
it may stir anti-Jewish feeling again.
YET I FIND MYSELF unmoved by these
arguments. Rarely in the lifetime of a gen-
eration does history come so beautifully full-
circle as in Eichmann's capture and arrest by
the Israelis.
It would take a novelist of vaulting imagi-
nation to do justice to this story: How a little
circle of death-camp survivors, whose families
had been incinerated by the Nazis, took an
oath to track down the architects of the mur-
ders; how the Americans, with all good will,
let Eichmann slip away; how Peron sheltered
him in Argentina, along with many other
Nazis; how he tried to change his identity by
plastic surgery; how he made trips back and
forth between Argentina and Europe, and lived
on the loot he had taken from his Jewish vic-
tims; how he was tracked down implacably by
the men whose families he had wiped out, ar-
rested by the swift and secret agents of their
people, and must now appear before the court
of a state founded out of their tragedy.
How can one doubt that there is a sym-
metry of history operating in human affairs,
and that all the wild injustices of a universe
which seems to belong to the barbarous and
ruthless are sometimes disciplined to a prin-
ciple of order and justice?

1 i Gtue

CAN PUT my own position quite simply.
When I see history moving thus, as it does
so rarely, I would just as soon let it take its
course. I don't see any superior claim which
Argentina or West Germany may have to dis-
pose of Eichmann's fate. Nor am I moved to
clamor for an international tribunal to sup-
plant Israel's-a tribunal of nations who have
either been ineffectual about bringing the
Nazi criminals to justice, or are indifferent, or
-what is still true of some-are sympathetic
to the principle on which the murderers op-
When the Allies, after the war, set up a
court to try the Nazis, they did sd as the sequel
of their victory, and they had every right in
the signature of their blood to speak for the
conscience of mankind. Since then they and
others have forgotten much. The Israelis have
been unable to forget. They have acted as the
carriers of history, and it is their turn now to
speak for the conscience of mankind, as well
as for the survival of their own people.
IF I SEEM to put my view oversharply and
oversimply, let me say immediately that I
know how complex the problem is. The prin-
cipal of sovereignty is bound up with the na-
tional identity of a people, and the Argen-
tinians too are proud, as the Israelis are. The
territorial principal of law demands that a
man be tried in the country where his alleged
crime was committed, by the tribunals of that
country. Finally it may be argued that if Is-
rael claims to speak for the Jews, and if the
Jews can condemn as Jews, then they lay
themselves open to being condemned, as Jews,
which is a dangerous principle. I shall have
occasion to pursue these probables in the ar-
ticles that follow. Here I can only suggest that
there are no practicable alternatives to Israel's
role in the case. No one else bothered to track
down Eichmann - certainly not Argentina,
which now finds itself so aggrieved.
As for the territorial principle of law, West
Germany shrinks from getting involved in the
politics of an Eichmann trial (one may argue
that the offer should be made, but it would
be only a rhetorical offer), and it could not
pursue the case with conviction and commit-
ment. East Germany might claim and take
it, and use it for anti-Western propaganda. An
1nfAt n ati .nurtn wonuld hA riddleA h the

,~ , ,
evening went consistently to Miss
Enggass-her diamond-clear dic-
tion and motion make her a very
good actress, and she is gifted
with a sense of timing and a mo-
bile face. Her Annie was funny.
wistful,eforceful, and largely re-
sponsible for the fine audience
response to the show, although
her voice tired in the second act.
Donald Ridley as Frank Butler
had the best voice in the musical,
playing a Narcissistic sharpshoot-
e with only one stance: legs
braced firmly, hands gripping
lapels, ten-gallon hat pushed well
back on his handsome if hollow
Winnie and Tommy, the star-
crossed, picked-on lovers in Wild
Bill's troupe (until Annie
"schemes out" their problem),
were fresh and ingenuous.
ONLY STANDOUT in the sup-
porting cast was Anne Gee as
Winnie's mean mama, Miz' Tate,
quasi-villainess of the piece. Miss
Gee is a vociferous, talented
straight woman who quite regil-
larly outplays the comedians she
sets off.
Allan Schreiber as Chief Sitting
Bull had a great moment as he
prepared to scalp Miz' Tate, hesi-
tating at the last minute to ex-
amine his Bowie knife and mur-
mur, "Now how was it I used to
do it?" His tribe of Sioux made
Annie an honorary Indian for her
marksmanship in an initiation
number ("I'm An Indian Too")
that rivalled the University's own
honorary Indians and their ver-
nal Tappan Oak rites for sheer
entertainment value.
S* * *
p r i m i t i v e in the first scene
through proto-Baroque and back,
and the pear-shaped statues in
the ballroom scene are worth see-
ing for themselves alone. Some-
what more successful were the
stage effects, which were difficult
-they included a shooting match,
a motorcycle trick and a boat
Although the performance var-
ied from corn to class, the high
points (for instance, Frank and
the chorus doing "My Defenses
Are Down") are most memorable
and make the show worth seeing.
-Jean Spencer
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. two days preced-
ing publication.
Thursday, June 23, 1960
VOL. LXX, No. 3S
History 122s will meet in 33 Angell

Film Pair Display1,s.
Guinness t alents
DIGGING INTO its bag of old contracts, the management of the
Campus Theatre has come up with two Guinness fllms-"The Swan"
and "The Scapegoat."
Forgive this reviewer if he inspects the former from the vantage
pdint of several years. Even the best double-feature is apt to give him a
teemporary case of locomotor ataxia, and he recalls that while "The
Swan" was not without its share of charm, it was not worth seeing
Based on a play by Molnar, it deals with the problems of courtly
love back in the days when princesses married princes and there were
no court photographers.
The dialogue is properly urbane, the photography properly lush.
Grace Kelly, as the mixed-up Princess in the center of the triangle,
is properly cool, and Guinness is properly regal.
"THE SCAPEGOAT" deals with a case of mistaken, or double,
identity. Guinness, the English school teacher, takes a vacation in
France and there meets Guinness the killer. Of course their features
are identical. Turns out that the latter Guinness has quite a few prob-
lems. True, he has a handsome estate, what with the blood of royalty
coursing through his veins, but he doesn't have too many francs.
If he eliminates his wife, however, his problems will be solved--
don't ask me how. It's a legal, and therefore complicated matter, and
has something or other to do with his having a daughter.
In any event, the switch is made and the teacher finds himself
living another man's life, and not without benefit. Seems the other man
also had a mistress.
Far-fetched? Just a little, but Guinness fans shouldn't, and prob-
ably won't, object.
--J. L. Forsht

the side, Mills has blocked the
Forand Bill for medical aid to
For four years also he has been
sitting as chairman of a subcom-
mittee with power to probe income
tax finagling but has done noth-
ing. And last week Mills slipped
through a sneak amendment,
sponsored by Hale Boggs of Louisi-
ana, which would unplug the tax
loophole for lobbyists previouaiy
plugged by Senator Kefauver.
* * *-
W HAT MAKES the otherwise
confident Kennedy camp nerv-
ous these days is the fact that his
fellow Catholic, Sen. Eugene Mc-
Carthy of Minnesota, is reported
flirting with the idea of running
for Vice-President on a Lyndon
Johnson ticket.
McCarthy, one of the outstand-
ing and most respected memiers
of the Senate, comes from the
farm belt and has the confidence
of both farmers and labor. He
studied for the priesthood, has a
spotless family life, and is the
idol of the liberals in both the
House and the Senate. He was one
of the organizers of the "Demo-
cratic study group" in the House
which has scored such a record in
pushing through important legis-
lation this year.
A Johnson-McCarthy ticket, all
politicians agree, would have great
voter appeal.
Associate Press News Analyst
TOKYO-The United States may
have to take a new hard look
at the small but effective nest of
Communists in its far eastern
fortress Okinawa.
The rowdy, pushing,shving and
catcallin demonstrations they
helped organize and stage during
President Eisenhower's visit Sun-
day were much larger and rougher
than local officials anticipated.
The Council for reversion to
Japan, a front of 21 groups in-
cluding the Communist - lining
Okinawa Peoples Party, turned
out 5,000 who waved anti-Ameri-
can placards and shouted 'go.
home" Go home!"
They rushed and broke through
police lines, snake danced to
chants demanding Okinawa be re-
turned to Japan and forced the
summoning of United States
Marines to restore order.
THIS IS MORE numerically and
in militant intensity, than Oki-
nawa's far left has .been able to
muster publicly to harrass the
United States in many years.
In the last previous major out-
burst-a 1956 "Yankee-go-home"
demonstration parade by Univer-
sity of the, Ryukyus students-
only about 1,000 participated.
The number of university and
other school students involved this
time indicates much more indoc-
trination has been going on than
authorities were inclined to be-
bushy haired Communist chief of
the People's Party, has long been
a thorn in the American side. He
organized the mass movement
against military requisitioning of
Ryukyuan land. He was elected
mayor of the capital city Naha in
December 1956 after a free-wheel-
ing anti-American campaign. And
he had one of his lieutenants
elected mayor after the military
ousted him.
It wasn't until America reformed

its land program in 1958 and pros-
perity began to seep through the
island from United States aid and
a dollar economy that Senaga's
influence began to wane.
Since then the general view has
been that the Communists in
Okinawa were on their way out.
Sunday's performance indicates
just the opposite, and it carries
with it the threat of a growing
student movement like Japan's
Communist-fostered Zengakuren,
whose violent rioting caused post-
ponement oif President Eisenhow-
er's trip here.
This wouldn't be the first time
Senaga and his cohorts have out-
smarted the American adminis-
tration. His political campaigns
have always been better organized
than those of the United States-
approved Okinawa conservatives,
OKINAWA historically is a pov-
erty-ridden 462-square-mile out-
cropping north of Formosa and
500 miles off the China coast, con-
verted into a strategic billion dol-
lar American base after ouster of
Japan in World War II. Its central
location permits quick deploy-
ment of troops and planes to any
area of Asia.
The actual number of Commun-
ists, in Okinawa is probably less
than 100. But as in Japan this
hard cnre constantly works

"And Remember - If You Criticize, You're Unpatriotic"

'kN iRS
IM- 4 +M, -


."s c ,{ja

Editorial Staff
eve .- at14 WSAI j,.

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