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June 22, 1960 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1960-06-22

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" .Go-Man-Go . .."



Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.


AY, JUNE 22,1960



Federal Control Needed
For Boxng's Problems

BOXING, the sports world's favorite whipping
boy (or punching bag, if you prefer) suf-
fered another black eye during the recent Con-
gressional investigation in which boxers told
of payoffs, fixed fights, and general gangster-
ism in the professional sport.
This revelation, if it can be called that, is
nothing new. Boxing seems to be continually
in the public eye for illegal activities of one
sort or another. Fighters have been accused of
taking "dives," and a good number of times
the charges have been substantiated. Man-
agerial mishandlings and connections with the
underworld have long been a blemish on the
sport. Monopoly charges have split the ring
crowns into two parts-the New York and
Massachusetts version of the title recognized
in the rest of the world.
All of these factors have tended to give
boxing a name that no sport in this country
should have, and a reputation that the sport
does not deserve.
AS IN MOST GROUPS, there are a few un-
savory characters who reflect unfavorable
opinion upon the rest of the honest members.
However, in boxing the disreputable element
has reached such growing proportions that the
entire sport is in danger of being destroyed.
Another sad thing about the situation is that
the worst element has worked its way to the
top, controlling some of the best fighters in the
world, and is not just operating among the
lesser-known pugilists.
The public must be willing to pay their money
to see the sport for professional athletics to
exist. When scandals continually smear the
good name and integrity of a sport, the public
loses faith in the sport as a whole. Then there
are two apparent courses which the sport can
take: it can attempt to continue to exist as
a sham sport, appealing to spectators merely
by showmanship, as professional wrestling does
now or it can take measures to restore its lost
OTHER SPORTS have suffered scandal and,
by taking adequate measures, cleaned the
blots from their names. Pro baseball suffered
the Black Sox fixes in 1919 and remedied the
matter with binding legislation and the ap-
pointment of the first commissioner of baseball
to see that the events would not be repeated
in the future.
College basketball has seen several scandals,
also. Point-shaving incidents at Pittsburgh and
City College of New York rocked the nation's
faith in the play-for-fun collegians who were
taking payments to keep games close enough
MAX LERNER < .'wzw,.
Bookish Cam

for certain gamblers to collect huge bets. But
this too was solved for the time with stringent
penalties and tightened regulations.
Of course, these sports had a central organi-
zation to begin with and merely utilized this
organization toward greater control. Boxing
does not have this central agency but operates
on a state-by-state basis, which is the reason
for some of its problems.
BOXING, HOWEVER, has had numerous op-
portunities to mend its own fences before it
was too late.
It has never done so, for scandal and shady
characters appear to the public to be as much
a part of the sport as six ounce gloves and a
24 by 24 ring. The time has come when the
matter must be solved by those outside of
boxing to protect the fans and those honestly
trying to make a living in the fight game,
before the final knockout blow is delivered.
'OVERNMENT regulation seems to be the
answer to boxing problems, although that
thought is rejected by many people as another
move toward centralizing control and destroy-
ing competition. But the fact is that boxing will
be entirely .destroyed if the muck and corrup-
tion that presently exists is allowed to continue
disgracing the sport.
Notable efforts at legislation in this vein
have been introduced in the House. Bills which
would prohibit ex-convicts from managing
fighters may serve to eliminate some of the un-
derworld connection with boxing. Judicial at-
tempts to break up promotion monopolies have
helped. Managers have been suspended for
violations, such as Cus D'Amato, Heavyweight
Champion Floyd Patterson's mentor.
But these are only a start toward completely
cleaning up the sport.
BOXING definitely needs stronger legislation
to prevent the causes of these scandals.
This does not mean that all professional ,ports
need stronger federal control, but boxing's
problems have continued for so long without
remedy that the only recourse appears to be
federal control. Penalties for illegal acts should
be established to protect the fighters and the
spectators. People will pay and crowd into
arenas to watch good, honest boxing. Take
away the honesty of the sport and you have
nothing but a drama on a small stage.
Boxing is sick. It needs help. The fear that
the medicine may be too strong for the patient
must be dismissed else the cancer of corrup-
tion leave nothing to this once-respected sport.

' .l.
* ..,


ATTEMPT.ING to establish a
resident theatrical company in
Detroit is like trying to start art
oasis in the desert-it costs money.
If the Vanguard Playhouse con-
tinues to play to audiences as
sparse as the one Sunday night,
money will be the most of its back-
ers' worries.
The current offering at Van-
guard, "The Boyfriend," is a mu-
sical satire on the 1920-type mu-
sical comedy.
Satire is always difficult to per-
form. Adding the limitations of a
small stage and a fairly large
number of people dancing about
it, the Vanguard players under-
took a rather heavy task.
Mary Lou Briley was a fine Polly
combining a good voice with an
equally good sense of satire. She
plays a "poor little'rich girl" who
captures The Boyfriend amid the
standard cliches of flapperism
THE SPOOF of the Charleston
era featured girls with perman-
ently bowed mouths, permanently
wide eyes, and permanently posed
stances. Of these Helen Gregory
sparkled during a naughty Third
Act romp with an old roue. But
Connie Mavis, Maisie, muffed what
can be a highlight of the show,
"There's Safety in Numbers," by
being too heavy-voiced and heavy-
Mme. Dubonnet, Eileen McCabe,
missed a few opportunities for
nuance in the comedy. However,
she was uniformly competent both
in her singing and acting. When
she and Miss Briley combined
talents for a duet in Act Three,
the audience was treated both to
a splendid spoof of sentimental
songs and a good vocal blend.
AS THE "Frisky Old Gentle-
man," Lord Brockhurst, William
Feaster was much good fun. Like
most of the cast his comedy was
of the highly unsubtle type, but
was certainly "frisky" as promised.
Despite some obvious lack of
coordination, two grand pianos
served admirably as a substitute
f or an orchestra,
More finesse on the part of the
chorus would have vastly improved
the choreography making it more
professional. It was skillfully
planned in spite of a small stage
conveying the vitality, the gross
movement-and the cliches-of
Flapper dances.
Planning an 4mbitous bill of
plays for the June-November sea-
son, the Vanguard Playhouse says
it is attempting "to create the
classic plays, both modern and tra-
New Books at Library
Powell, Lawrence Clark-Books
in My Baggage; Cleveland and
NY, The World Publishing Co.,
Weems, John Edward-Race for
the Pole; NY, Henry Holt & Co.,

P Cramped
rd Qu arters
ditional, which are not feasib
economically on the commercia
stage." While the current produc
tion may not be a classic in an
qualitative sense, it is certainl
an ambitious undertaking -- on
worthy of support.
-Jo Hardee
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. two days preced-
ing publication.
Wednesday, June 22, 1960
VOL. LXX, No. 2S

~*; ~'.

Mass Murder's Problems



s ":ir d.^'1 fr:.'^ VWae v 4" fr. rr

MORE THAN most of us realize, the Presi-
dential race is becoming a Battle of the
Books. Prodded by Nelson Rockefeller's attack,
Nixon has pushed ahead the publication of his
speeches, "The Challenges We Face" (McGraw-
Hill). Kennedy's volume of speeches, "The
Strategy of Peace," edited by Allan Nevins
(Harper) has already been making converts and
influencing delegates. And Adlai Stevenson, an
old hand at putting his speeches and papers
together, has done it again in "Putting First
Things First" (Random).
This is not meant as a book review, but as
some notes on American leadership as the con-
ventions approach. I don't know how many
people are going to read in volume form the
speeches they neglected to read when first
made. I doubt that many will.
For style and substance I would rate Steven-
son first, Kennedy after him (the most erudite
Presidential candidate since Woodrow Wilson),
and Nixon last. But what counts in these com-
pilations is not their intellectual or literary
merit but their weight and the fact that they
are there. Americans want to feel that their
leaders are heavily concerned with world peace,
even when they don't read more than the titles
of their tomes.
SENATOR Kennedy has just started his next
volume by reading a long and comprehens-
ive speech on foreign policy on the floor of the
Senate, boring the galleries but appealing to
the intellectuals. More than in any campaign I
can remember, the line-up of the intellectuals
is becoming a matter of concern for the strate-
gy managers. Where once it was a battle of
maneuver to align the sub-literate bosses of the
11;4rS- Mt43gUUDButI
Editorial Staff
MICHAEL BURNS..........,.....Night Editor
ANDREW HAWLEY .................... Night Editor
MICHAEL OLINICK ............... Sports Co-Editor

state delegation, the long-distance phones are
now humming to get out statements by Prof.
J. K. Galbraith or Professor Arthur M. Schles-
inger, Jr.,
Where once Virginia was the mother of
Presidents and then Ohio, Harvard is now bid-
ding for that role. This is a sharp change of cli-
mate from the 1948 campaign when Truman
rapped out machine-gun battle communiques
and Dewey bored everyone to death with his
flat courtroom prose. It is an even sharper
change from the 1952 and 1956 campaigns
when the great count against Adlai Stevenson
was that he was an egghead, and when a specter
of fear haunted the nation-the fear that
Americans might get a man in the White
House who was literate.
The days of anti-intellectualism in American
politics are now over. The pre-convention cam-
paign has become a Battle of the Eggheads.
TNHE REASONS ought to be clear enough. The
next decade in American world policies will
decide not only America's position among the
powers of the earth, but quite literally whether
its children live or die. Americans have had
enough of bumbling policies to last them for
some time. They are assessing the candidates
not only for "personality" and "appeal" but for
grey matter in their brains. Which is why the
commitment of the professors has become of
some importance.
But the fact is that the Republican political
stalwarts will take Nixon, although any rea-
sonably sensitive person has to get sodden with
drink before he can read through ten pages of
his prose. The fact is also that the Democrats
will pick the man they think will lick Nixon,
whatever the cadence of his sentences.
THE GREAT question of our time in the de-
mocracies should not be "Who can get the
delegations delivered to him?" or "Whocan sew
up a majority of the delegates?" but "Who can
That in turn can be broken into what strike
me as the three great problems of democratic
leadership, transcending the things called "is-

NEW YORK-Tuvia Friedmann,
who escaped from a Nazi con-
centration camp to spend 16 years
tracking down the Nazi in charge
of those camps, was not willing to
disclose to me the final details of
Adolf Eichmann's capture in Ar-
gentina. He explained the rela-
tions between ArgentinaandIs-
rael were too delicate at the mo-
ment and the story of Eichmann's
capture would have to come later.
I learned, however, that certain
Argentine officials definitely co-
operated in removing Eichmann
from Argentina despite the Ar-
Mayer lion gets into the act in
"The Adventures of Huckleberry
Finn" at the Michigan, but like
the rest of the film, he (she?)
turns out to be tamer than the
punch at a Hatcher tea.
From the time Huck bangs his
pap on the head and takes off
down the Mississippi with the
runaway slave Jim, the adventures
follow one another with a numb
excitement that only rarely
aroused any of the children at
yesterday's matinee (who were,
however, audibly gleeful over the
cartoon-an inferior new version
of an old Seuss story).
But the film "Huckleberry Finn"
has certainly come a long way
from the Twain novel. Hollywood
has taken almost everything ob-
jectionable out of the novel (and
that's a lot), whitewashed more
of the characters and incidents,
and generally toned down the
pitch of excitement throughout-
so that the result is as clean, red-
blooded-American, and hearty as
a handshake from the vice-presi-
dent in charge of students.
EVEN THE "Come Back lip on
de Raft, Huck Honey" school of
thought will have to look else-
where for evidence to support
their thesis, whatever that may
Well, Eddie Hodges doesn't
really give a very convincing per-
formance, but then the children
will probably think he does. At
least, as Huck, he is stocked with
the tallest tales anyone ever heard
outside a Joint Judic meeting.
The runaway slave Jim is played
rather amiably by Archie Moore,
a name sports fans are supposed
to recognize but moviegoers would
sooner forget. This Jim, unlike
Twain's doesn't seem to know the
meaning of fear. Or, for that
matter, of terror, either.
Archie, as Jim, tries to sing a
couple of typical Hollywood songs,
yet even he doesn't seem to have
much confidence in his own sing-
ing. Or maybe it was just some-
thing he had been eating-at the
Union, maybe?
TO BEDEVIL Jim and Huck, a
couple of would-be river pirates
keep popping up (out of Dickens.
I thought at first) to try to claim
the reward for runaway slaves.
All the one pirate ever gets his
hands on is a Hollywood "twenty-
Allxl n i. p anp., w nsp an

gentine government's current pro-
tests. In Latin-American diplo-
matic circles it's strongly suspect-
ed that these protests were in-
spired by the present. Argentine
political crisis and the desire of
the Frondizi government to curry
favor with the military clique
which has always been close to
the Nazis.
* * *
hint as to how the man who
masterminded the murder of 6
million Jews was finally tracked
"Eichmann was a fiendishly
clever man about everything ex-
cept one point-protection to him-
self. When he set up the concen-
tration camps in Poland for the
murder of the Jewish people he
neglected no detail. He even had
gravel sprinkled around the rail-
road stations after each trainload
of Jews was unloaded so the next
tr~ainload would see no traces of
those who had come before.
"Everything was arranged with
the German passion for cleanli-
ness and efficiency. Most of the
Jews were told they were being
brought to a place where they
could get a new start in life. Even
quaint Polish chalets were built
near the concentration camp rail-
road stations to carry out the
appearance of rustic rural peace.
"But," continued Friedmann,
"when Eichmann fled to Argen-
tina he neglected one thing about
himself. He had four sons and he
neglected to induce them to
change their names. Some of
them lived near him outside
Buenos Aires. It is not true, as
reported by some newspapers,
that they thought he was their
* * *
the facts which demanded that
Eichmann be captured and face
trial, Friedmann reviewed the de-
tails-which some people have
forgotten-of the most gruesome
mass murder in all history.
"Up until the time the United
States entered the war," he ex-
plained, "Hitler's government was
worried about inflaming Ameri-
can public opinion by too drastic
treatment of the Jews, thereby
dragging the United States into
"But about the time it became
evident the United States would
come in, it was decided that the
confinement of Jews in concen-
tration camps was too expensive
and they must be killed.
"HOWEVER, THIS presented
some problems. First, it presented
engineering problems. Not enough
bullets could be spared by the
army to kill 6 million civilians, so
Eichmann was given the job of
finding a solution. He came up
with gas.
"Seconld, there was the problem
of finding personnel tough enough
to murder people, to withstand
the screams of little children and
the wailing of old people.
"So Eichmann set up a train-
ing program to make men hard-
boiled enough to kill defenseless
unarmed civilians. A soldier would
be given a dog as a pet and after
he had become fond of the dog
he would be ordered to kill it. If
he graduated from this without
emotion he could qualify for the
liquidation camps.
*, * *
"IN ONE CASE two officers
were buddies. One of them let a

German people, It was afraid of
public opinion.
"So all around the concentra-
tion camps were signs warning
that any unauthorized person who
approached would be killed with-
out challenge.
"THE FIRST execution by gas
took place in November 1941 near.
Riga when 50 Jews were -placed
in a hermetically sealed bus and
driven through the streets until
they were dead. This had two dis-
advantages, however. First, it cost
gasoline. Second, the local people
found out about it.
"So in late November orders
were sent that Eichmann was to
visit Rudolf F. Hoess, commander
of Auschwitz, and teach him how
to build gas crematoriums which
could handle 200 Jews every 15
minutes. This stepped up the gas-
sing rate to 15,000 Jews in Aus-
chwitz alone, And there were six
of these murder camps in Poland.
"Eichmann was the SS man
who masterminded this. Is it any
wonder that my government is
determined to try him? He will
be given a completely fair trial,
but he must be tried.",
(Copyright 1960, by the Bell Syndicate)

Hope Ship Prepares for Launching

Associated Press News Analyst
ship"-a new American ex-
periment in international health
cooperation-will sail for south-
east Asia on Sept. 21.
This was reported Monday by
Dr. William B. Walsh, a Wash-
ington physician who heads Pro-
ject H o p e-a nongovernmental
effort that springs from President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's people-
to-people concept.
The venture, under organiza-
tion and fund-raising for more
than a year, is designed to bring

American medical and health
skills and techniques to the people
of other nations.
The project name "Hope"
stands for "health opportunity for
people everywhere."
** *
THE HOPE, the ship that will
spearhead the effort, is a onetime
navy hospital ship-the USS Con-
solation-whichhwas taken from
the mothball fleet and loaned by
the government to the Hope Pro-
Walsh told a reporter more
than two million dollars in mu-
tual security funds were granted
to refit the 15,000-ton vessel for

ToT heEd
Pickets .. .
To the Editor:
N ANN ARBOR interested students and townspeople have been
picketing and peacefully demonstrating for over twelve weeks at
local branches of Kresge's and Woolworth's in sympathy with Southern
sit-ins; they have demonstrated peacefully in front of the Cousin's
Shop; a local clothing store charged with practicing racial discrimi-
nation; they have distributed leaflets explaining their purposes and
urging others to join the fight for racial equality.
The Ann Arbor group has focused its attention on two concerns,
the nationwide struggle for human dignity that is spearheaded by
Southern students in their sit-in demonstrations, and the elimination
of Jim Crow practices in the Ann Arbor community.
In the first of these areas, the group is offering moral support
to the Southern students who are facing many hardships in their
struggle for equality. In addition, the picketing exerts economic pres-
sure on the national chain stores involved to bring about an end to
their present policies of racial discrimination.
ON THE LOCAL SCENE, the group has been successful in arousing
student concern over problems of discrimination. The Student Govern-
ment Council has endorsed the picketing of both the local and na-
tional stores, and aroused student opinion gave striking support to the
May 17th march in commemoration of the 1954 Supreme Court deci-
sion on school integration. In addition, a campus chapter of the NAACP
has been formed and is now working actively for equality in housing.
er rm on mare an lmnnrtant cnntribution to civil liberties by

General Notices
University of Michigan G r a d u a t e
screening Examinations In French And
German: All graduate students desiring
to fulfill their foreign language re-
quirement by passing the written ex-
amination given by Prof. Lewis (for-
merly, given by Prof. Hootkins) must
pass anvobjective screening examna-
tion. The next administration of the
objective screening examination will
be on Wed., June 29. from 't p.m. until
9 p.m. in Aud. C, Angell Hall. Within
48 hours after the examination the
names of the students who have passed
Will be posted on theBulletin Board
outside the office of Prof. Lewis, Ex-
aminer in Foreign Languages, Room
3028, Rackham Bldg. Students desiring
to fulfill the Graduate School's re-
quirement in Frenchand German are
alerted to an alternate path. A grade
of B or better in French 12 and Ger-
man 12 will satisfy the foreign lan-
guage requirement. A grade of B or
better in French 11 and German 11 is
the equivalent of having passed the
objective screening examination."
French Club Meeting. Wed., June 22
at 8:30 p.m. In Room 3050, Frieze Bldg,
Come and speak French with your
friends and other French people from
Ann Arbor. During the Summer Ses-.
sion, four outstanding French films
will be shown beginning with "Mr.
Hulot's Holiday" on Thurs., June 30.
Future films will be "Bizarre, Bizarre,"
"Calque d' Or," and "Le Plaisir."
Membership cards will be sold Wed.,
June 22.
TONIGHT, 8:00 Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre: Irving Berlin's musical come-
dy hit, Annie Get Your Gun: Perform-
ances through Saturday. Tickets avail-
able at box, office 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Season tickets_ for all five Playbill
productions or any four productions
also available. The Playbill will include
these presentations: Jean Giraudoux'
AMPHITRYON 38, July 6-9; william
Shakespeare's AS YOU LIKE IT, July
20-23; William Inge's PICNIC, July 27-
30; and Mozart's opera (with the School
of Music) DON GIOVANNI, August 3-6.
Classical Studies Coffee Hour: Thur..
June 23, East Conference Aoom bf the
Rackham Building, 4 p.m. All students
and friends of the Classics are cordially
Faculty Recital: Millard Cates, tenor,
will present a recital in Aud. A, Angel
(Continued on Page 4)



the specific needs of the project
but that otherwise the venture
has been--and will be-supported
entirely by privately donated
The 800-bed hospital ship, he
said, has been converted to one
of 230 beds, with the extra space
revamped into accommodations
for teaching localadoctors, nurses
and technicians at various ports
of call.
THE VESSEL IS scheduled to
undergo sea-trials late in July
and be formally transferred to
.the project on Sept. 15.
It will sail from San Francisco
on Sept. 21, with Indonesia as the
first lengthy stop. It will remain
there for about six months, then
go on to Viet Nam for another
four-month stay before returning
to the United States.
Walsh says it will cost about
three and one-half million dollars
for one year's operation of the
* * *
ceived invitations from the medi-
cal professions of Korea, Okina-
wa, Pakistan and other countries.
The ship will have a permanent
staff of 15 doctors, several den-
tists, about 50 nurses and about
30 technicians. In addition, 50
doctors will be flown from the
United States every two months
to serve on a rotating basis, with-
out pay.
The ship will serve as a floating
medical center to augment local
training facilities. In addition,
about half the medical staff will
be organized into mobile teams
and sent inland to train technic-
ians, midwives, inoculationists,
X-ray operators and other health
workers. In Indonesia there is
only one doctor for every 71,000
people-a shortage that typifies
much of southeast Asia.
* * *
of the Hope Project is on teach-
ing-as distinguished from treat-



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