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July 28, 1960 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1960-07-28

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Seventieth Year

hen Opinions Are tree
Truth WI Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of stag writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

)AY, JULY 28, 1960


Accelerated' Programs:
An Academice Failure

'ACCELERATED" and "enriched" high
school programs that were galvanized into
existence by the fear generated by Russian
Sputniks have not been producing a degree of
achievement appreciably higher than former
This startling conclusion, disappointing at
frst sight to the advocators of homegeneous
class grouping, is the result of research on
'The Academic Achievement of Academically
ralented Students," a doctoral dissertation
ecently finished by a graduate student in the
College of Education at the University. The
eport indicates that a carefully selected group
>f talented secondary school students who all
attend the same section of a high school course
rill achieve little more as individuals than
hey would if each attended sections not iso-
.ated from the "slow" learner.
FOUR HIGH SCHOOLS are involved in the
study. Each is accredited by the North
Central Association of Schools and Colleges
to have a high level of instruction and facili-
bies. The achievement levels of students who
had gone through enriched curriculums were
:ompared to those of top students who had .to
suffer through the course of studies in the
same building under the guidance of the same
In only one school was an appreciable dif-
ference noted. In this case, the talented stu-
:ents were exposed to a high speed mathe-
matics course that covered the work of two
years in one. Confirmation of the hypothesis
that this group would have a higher achieve-
ment mark was received at the two per cent
In a second school, another moderate dif-
ference was noted from a group of students
in an enriched world history course. Differen-
biation was recorded at the five per cent level,
but the hypothesis was accepted only frag-
mentally, since the test that measured the
achievement of the enriched group and the
regular was a general social studies examina-
bion that did not specifically gauge what was
learned in thesingle course.
In the other two schools, no difference large
mugh to justify the hypothesis was reported.
LACK OF PROPER planning is the major
cause for the failure of these programs.

Most of the teachers were not aware of what
to do to "enrich" a course, and those that had
some ideas were not given enough time to
prepare their ideas. In many cases the in-
structor first knew of his homogeneous sec-
tion only in September.
Faced with the admonition at the beginning
of the school year that "Here is a special
class. There are special students in it. Do some-
thing special," the teachers tried, but were un-
successful in inaugurating a beneficial class
THE REMEDY NEEDED is obvious. Accel-
erated and enriched courses must be plan-
ned well in advance of the start of the classes
if they are to be fruitful for both the student
and the teacher. Faculty and administration
must decide what they want to accomplish in
these courses: academic achievement, social
attitude change, moral growth, or whatever
other ends they have in mind.
Time and thought are the essentials to solve
the problem with successful action. A compe-
tent teacher needs some interval between the
announcement of objectives and the beginning
of classes to gather material and to let his
imagination produce ideas. Given a clear set
of principles and aims, he should be able to
work out a satisfactory means of teaching one
of these courses. The instructor ought to work
closely with the high school counselor in trans-
lating their hopes into the reality of black-
board notes, and lectures and discussions.
ABOUT 70 PER CENT of the accredited high
schools in this area of the country have
such accelerated programs and well over 90
per cent of them' feel they are desirable. The
intellectual stimulation of the academically
gifted is clearly what everyone wants.
The secondary schools, however, must re-
alize that it will not come by lumping the top
ten per cent of the student body into the same
room and exposing them to the old level of
The awakening of young minds comes from
the stimulus of challenging new materials and
alert, prepared, and dedicated teachers. It will
not come, as high schools are sorrowfully
learning, by insulating the gifted from those
whose learning pace is slower.

...A Catholic,
Of ourse.. .
To the Editor:
TUESDAY EVENING I RECEIVED a telephone'call from a young
lady who announced that she was calling as a Studept for Nixon
to help me understand how I should vote in the presidential election
this fall. She hurried on to proclaim that Mr. Kennedy is, of course,
a Catholic. From there, the conversation went something like this:
Me: What if I told you I am a Catholic?
She: Oh, but we know you are not-and so we know that
you would not want a man in the White House who takes his
orders from the Pope. And Mr. Nixon is such a loyal, upstand-
ing American, a man we can trust, a man who will not be in-
fluenced by someone in Rome.
Me: How do you know I am not a Catholic?
She: Well, we assumed .
Me: But you see, I am Catholic.
She: Oh, I'm so sorry. I didn't mean to offend you.
Me: The point is .
But at that point she had hung up.
PERHAPS, THROUGH THE PAGES of The Daily, I will be per-
mitted to complete a small part of the conversation the young lady
so blithely started and so abruptly terminated, in the hope that she
will appreciate some of thelharm she is doing, both to her country and
to her candidate.
Me: The point is that I am Catholic, but Angelican, not
Roman. You do offend me, because I believe in the brother-
hood of man. And because I, too, am a loyal upstanding Ameri-
can who is not influenced by Rome, I can say to you that you
are being utterly disloyal to everything American when you at-
tempt to use religious prejudice as the main reason, or any
reason, for voting for Mr. Nixon. I can find good and sufficient
reasons for voting against him. But the fact that I do not
ascribe to the form of his religion (Quaker) is not among
them. End of conversation.
I WENT BACK TO THE REPUBLICAN convention on TV, and as
I watched the smiling faces, and listened to the expressions of high
purpose and goodwill, I wondered from whence came the inspiration
for this campaign so vicious and so early begun . .. even before the
name of the man who would not be influenced by Rome had been
placed in nomination.
-Edmund Wooding
Professor of Journalism

Women Shine in Pci'


"PICNIC," by William Inge, is a
'story about women trying to
find love. It is the story about
women who are trying to come to
terms with certain values in life
and learn how to fulfill their
roles as women.
The play offers many contrast-
ing female roles -- Madge, the
pretty, but not too bright girl
whorapproaches love with her
heart, forgetting to worry about
security and the future.
Opposed to her is a younger
sistcr, Millie, who has won a scho-
larship to college and is interested
in becoming someone, and never
falling in love to be hurt as her
Imother has been.

Comparing Party Platforms

The old:-maid middle-aged
school teacher who lives with the
family and eventually convinces a
settled businessman in a nearby
town to marry her, is perhaps one
of the most familiar kinds of
characters in the play. Although
she puts up a puritanical front
and is most shocked by the activ-
ities of the young people, she is
the most desperate to find a hus-
band and she is willing to get
down on her knees and beg to be
S* *
THE MOTHER of the two girls,
unlike her neighbor, Mrs. Potts,
was at one time like her older
daughter, but has learned to value
security through an unhappy
marriage which left her alone.
She sees her daughter making
her own mistakes and is unable
to do anything but watch and try
to accept what looks like a sad
future for her child.
Joan Martin, as Madge, had the
appropriate blush in her cheeks
and feminine manner for the
"prettiest girl in town." Her del-
icate character was disturbed in
the frequent quarrels with her
sister whom she envies because of
her talent and promising future.
* * *
JANET KOSSE, as Millie, quite
adequately captured the vicacious,
yet uncertain nature of a 16 year-
old girl who has brains but lacks
the poise and beauty of her older
The mother, played by Eliza-
beth Spurr, looks upon her older
daughter as a beautiful creature
who should be able to find hap-
piness, and frequently says "poor
Millie" because the younger girl

is awkward and unattractive to
boys. It is Millie, however, who
will eventually be the happiest
and most successful. Mrs. Spurr
portrayed the weary, anxious
mother with good timing and pac-
ing of her lines. She was espec-
ially motherly in her attempted
heart-to-heart talk with Madge,
when she tried to find out Just
what her daughter did when she
parked under the bridge with her
boy friend.
Elizabeth Robertson as Rose-
mary Sydney, was perhaps a lit-
tie too young and pretty for the
school teacher, whd constantly re-
minded herself that she was an
old maid, but captured the part
of a desperate, unfulfilled woman
quite accurately.
* * *
HAL CARTER, the boy who
comes to town and convinces
Madge that she should follow him
when he makes a quick departure,
was played by Mark Diskin. It is
a little difficult to see how even
the none-too. bright Madge is
lured away by his questionable
.charms. Virile he was, but he was
also a pompous unstable charact-
er who promised nothing in re-
turn for her love.
Generally, the Speech Depart-
ment production was well timed
and well directed. The acting
was consistently adequate with no
really outstanding. performance.
The female parts were predomin-
ant and more convincing than
those of Hal, who- is just a little
too awkward, but improved as the
play progressed, and Alan Sey-
mour, .the steady- boyfriend play-
ed by Robert Wingler.
-Charlotte Davis

Nixon and Rockefeller

BY THE END of last week Nixon wa
ened with an open break by Ro
[ad it been carried to the floor of the
ion, the quarrel might well have hurl
ublicans seriously in the election.
The question before Nixon was ho
ease Rockefeller without getting mt
'ith Eisenhower. In answering this
rixon lived up to his reputation as a
ionally astute and daring political ope
ucceeded in appeasing Rockefeller
hough it cost him an angry but pe
tatement by Sen. Barry Goldwater, h
rouble explaining to the President the
ot given away anything essential an
ant in the Eisenhower policy.
It was a neat performance. For on
ral issues Rockefeller is just abou
way from Eisenhower as is the De
arty. How then did Nixon do it? He
greeing with Rockefeller on thinE
'hich there is no disagreement, no,
cent between Rockefeller and Eisenh
isagreement between the Republicans
)emocrats. These undisputed things
ims of national policy, that we s
rong, that we should meet our publ
hat we should do so by producing mor
'here is no argument about any of th
s long as they are not described speci
The harmony on aims was achieved
ng and evading a discussion of the
f how to promote the increased prod
'ealth which is to pay for the bigg
vents and the school buildings and
[ere Nixon was very deft. He avoided:
iitment which would be a departure
tne of Eisenhower's policies. He made
ultment to increase expenditures o
cents or on anything else. He allowe
eller to quote from a .speech made ii
'hich he said how nice it would 1
chieved a five per cent rate of gro
ri the crucial question-whether suc
ite of growth is possible, or is even d
he Eisenhower policies-the Gover
he Vice-President seemed to have sa
ig. That is at bottom why they a
)N THIS crucial question, which
be strongly argued in the camps
eal Eisenhower policy is honorable.
aps right. But nolitically it is highly

s threat- plant capacity. In such a boom prices and
ckefeller. wages are certain to rise, especially in those
conven- industries, like steel for example, where big
t the Re- business corporations and big labor unions
have a near-monopoly. As a defense against
w to ap- inflation it has been the policy of the Eisen-
o trouble hower administration to deflate booms, which
question means that the Eisenhower policy does not
n excep- desire full employment or the full use of plant
rator. He capacity. This means unemployment at an av-
and al- erage level of about five per cent and a reduced
rfunctory rate of economic growth, and a fairly stable
e had no price level.
at he had
d signifi- THIS EISENHOWER POLICY, which many
believe in but no politician running for of-
the cen- fice can avow, is challenged by the Democrats.
t as far The real issue between Nixon and Kennedy
emocratic will not be whether a five per cent rate of in-
did it by crease would pay for our public needs. It will
gs about be whether this high rate can be achieved with-
disagree- out inflation.
ower, no If it is to be achieved without inflation, we
and the shall be driven inexorably to some kind of pub-
are the lic supervision of price and wage agreements
hould be and decisions in the big semi-monopolistic in-
lie needs, dustries. Rockefeller knows this. That is why
e wealth. he advocated compulsory arbitration in the big
iese aims strikes. The Democrats know this too. Though
fically. they will not ask for compulsory arbitration,
by omit- which is unpopular both with labor and with
means- business, they will not be able to escape from
uction of other forms of controlling price and wage in-
er arma- creases.
the rest. The Eisenhower policy has been to avoid all
any com- forms of government intervention in prices and
from the wages except to use the prestige of the Presi-
no com- dent to plead with the big corporations and the
n arma- big unions to show restraint. This pleading has,
d Rocke- not worked too well even in the deflationary
n 1958 in climate which the Administration ,has main-
be if we tained.
wth. But
h a high THE GENERAL subject of economic growth,
esired, in which is central to almost every other ques-
nor and tion of national policy-is a hard one for both
lid noth- parties to handle. Nixon cannot stand against
greed so the public needs of the 'sixties and he cannot
meet these needs without producing more
wealg. He cannot say, which is what Eisen-
will be hower does, that the public needs must be
aign, the skimped in order to deflate the economy it
and per- order to avoid inflation.
Y, embar- - Trannprfv n +sho nth s h arm o--nma

(Continued from Page 1)
in efforts to take in the unorgan-
ized workers. Promised repeal of
authorization for "right-to-work"
laws, limitations on the right to
strike and to picket peacefully.
Would raise minimum wage from
present $1 an hour to $1.25 and
extend coverage.
Education.. *.
REPUBLICAN - Promised fed-
eral aid in construction of school
buildings but rejected proposals
for helping to pay teacher sala-
ries. Declared primary responsi-
bility for education rests on local
communities and states. Held
broadened federal assistance
would threaten local control.
neglect of educational needs and
pledged federal assistance in
building classrooms and in paying
teachers. Said local communities
and states have borne as much of
the cost of education as they are
able, hence assistance must come
from federal government.
Mfedical Care for Aged
REPUBLICAN-Promised pro-
gram that would provide elderly
persons needing it, on a sound
fiscal basis and through a contri-
butory system, protection against
burdensome costs of health care.
Aged would have option of carry-
ing private health insurance. For
the aged unable to pay, federal
government would make grants
to states to help finance state pro-
DEMOCRATIC-Pledged medi-
cal care benefits for the aged fi-
nanced under the social security
system. Rejected and proposal
which would require the aged to
submit to a means test to de-
termine eligibility for federal aid.
Government Finance
REPUBLICAN - Promised ef-
forts to make federal government
live within its means by reducing
unessential expenditures and
pledged to work for reduction of
national debt. Would resist ef-
forts to weaken ability of federal
reserve system to control money
and credit for the purpose of
combatting both inflation and de-
flation. Predicted national defense
needs will continue to make
enormous demands upon public
revenues. '
DEMOCRATIC -Rejected the.
notion that nation cannot afford
to meet welfare and related needs
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Miohigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. two days preced-
ing publication.
VOL. LXX, NO. 278

of its people at home and in its
world relationships. Expressed be-
lief such needs can be met-ex-
cept in periods or recession or na-
tional emergency-with a bal-
anced budget, with no increase in
tax rates. Promised, however, to
seek additional taxes should pres-
ent levies prove inadequate.
Housing ..
REPUBLICAN-Pledged contin-
ued efforts to provide economic
climate designed to encourage pri-
vate enterprise to build more
homes. Would support programs
designed to assist flow of mort-
gage credit into private housing,
with emphasis on homes for mid-
dle and lower income families.
home building industry construct
two million homes a year for
middle and low-income families
by offering federal credit at low
interest rates repayable over long
periods and with reduced down
payments. Claimed high-interest
polities of Eisenhower administra-
tion has retarded building and
perpetuated slums.
Immigration .. .
REPUBLICAN - Would double
annual number of immigrants and
revise obsolete immigration laws.
DEMOCRATIC - Promised ad-
justment of immigration laws and
policies to eliminate discrimina-
tion and to enable members of
scattered families abroad to be
reunited with relatives already

Civil Rights,. . .
REPUBLICAN-Pledged full use
of power, resources and leader-
ship of the federal government
to eliminate discrimination in
voting, employment, schools, hous-
ing and public facilities, based on
race, color, religion or national
origin. Rejected proposals that
schools be given three years to
lay down desegregation plans. Re-
affirmed right to peaceful as-
sembly to protest discrimination
in private business establish-
D E MO C R A T I C -- Likewise
pledged full use of federal powers
and leadership to end discrimina-
tion in voting, housing, schools,
employment and transportation.
Would give schools three years to
lay down plans for starting de-
segregation and establish a fed-
eral employment practices com-
mission to secure racial equality
for employment. Declared peace-
ful demonstrations for civil rights
are a signal for nation to make
good in this field.
Science, Technology .
REPUBLICAN-Pledged main-
tenance of nation's leadership in
every field of science and tech-
nology, earthbound as well as
DEMOCRATIC - Charged Re-
publican administration has been
incredibly blind to prospects of
space exploration, and promised
to forge ahead to hit the moon
before the Soviets.

Parties Try- -Too Hard
- T Sark Conventions
Associated Press Correspondent
CHICAGO-This Republican convention has trudged on long enough
now to compare it with the Democratic show two weeks ago, and
lines up like this:
The Democrats were a little duller than expected, for that grand
fight to stop Sen. John F. Kennedy petered out without anyone laying
a glove on him.

epublicans, who neN
n anticipated
Lh have struggled h
So in Los Angeles]

"This Can't Be Happenin to Me"


ver expected any fuss, have been a little
ard to keep things moving. Maybe a little
Democrats kept hammering away about
how these are the times that de-
mand political greatness, where-
upon we would get a chance to
see a Hollywood star,
And, the Republicans, about to
present the soon-to-retire Presi-
dent of the United States, had a
lady whose voice was high and
whose neckline was low, sing:
"After You've Glone."
been the real show stopper so far.
This had its ironic touch. For
in their resentment against
Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Repub-
licans, with Democratic help,
pushed through the constitutional
amendment that bars a President
from more than two terms in of-
If the reception given Eisen-
hower here is any guide, he could
go on getting re-elected forever.
Naturally .the key 'figure all
week has been the heir apparent,
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon.
Nixon has promised he 'will be
the hardest working candidate in
history, and his start here indi-
cates he will live up to it
* * *
ly,' talks to delegates constantly.
There's a limit to what any man
has to say that is fresh. Listening
to Nixon talk, talk, talk, it's ob-
vious he can do little but repeat
Worse, as he himself once said,
when he becomes tired, he has
trouble winding. up an answer,
andlike anyone else in such con-
ditions, has a tendency to ramble.

t. r-.. ' L

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