See Page 2
Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
Partly cloudy with little
VOL. LXXII, No. 15-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 17, 1962 SEVEN CENTS
MEET THE PRESS - Russian Premier Khrushchev greets Paul Miller, president of Gannett News-
papers. In the background are Vermont Royster, Wall Street Journal and Lee Hills, Knight Newspa-
pers, Detroit, also attending the meetings in the Kremlin.
Calls Berlin Top Dispute
Defense Secretary Robert S. Mc-
Namara reportedly has lambasted
Michigan Republicans in part for
the research lag in the Midwest, as
educational institutions on the
east and west coasts attract more
and more grants and top-notch
He felt that lean appropriations
from the Republican-dominated
state Legislature have put the Uni-
versity in a bad position to com-
pete in the basic research field, a
Detroit Free Press article said last
The article highlighted Michi-
gan's declining share of the Pen-
tagon's research outlay (only 1.53
per cent) and claimed that faculty
members, management and scien-
tists "see little future in an area
without military contracts and ex-
University President Harlan
Hatcher, noting that McNamara,
formerly a resident of Ann Arbor,
had never contacted him personal-
ly about the matter, said the Uni-
versity was moving forward satis-
factorily in the research field.
He cited the construction pro-
gressing on the Physics-Astronomy
Bldg. and the planned Institute of
Science and Technology as facili-
ties designed to promote research
In reference to another of Mc-
Narnara's reported comments --
that faculty men are moving else-
where to do research the Univer-
sity can't finance - President
Hatcher said that since the 1958:
state budget crisis the situation of
retaining outstanding scientistsj
has worked out well for the
"However, it's true the Midwest
hasn't been able to move forward
as much as it should industrially,"
he said, and pointed out that]
Michigan was still primarily an
automotive center, while the eastl
and west coasts have been fast
developing new industries in elec-1
tronics, missiles, and other fields1
demanding high-powered research.1
McNamara was not directly;
quoted in the article. The Free
Press reported the comments of7
Rep. Thomas L. Ashley (R-Ohio),
who had conferred with the sec-
retary about the Midwest's slumpj
in defense research contracts.
Set To Open
MOSCOW (P) - Premier Nikita
Khrushchev, in an interview with
13 American editors released yes-
terday, hammered hard on the
theme that Berlin is the main cen-
ter of east-west dispute and that
it must be settled by western
troops getting out of the city.
He said he could not understand
why the United States, Britain and
France cling to their "military
bridgehead" because as long as
they are there they raise the heat
of east-west relations.
But he set no new deadline for
the westerners departure.
"We shall not hurry, but neith-
er shall we tarry," he said.
The premier, in the wide-rang-
ing 21/2-hour interview in the
Kremlin last Friday, again assert-
ed that the Soviet Union has a
global rocket that cannot be
knocked down by another missile.
And he said he hoped reports
the United States has better
means of detecting nuclear tests
would cause it to abandon the de-
mand for international inspectors
to police a nuclear test ban.
1) 1 TTrip-£
He also declared the Soviet Un-
ion was not negotiating and had
not negotiated with any power -
presumably Red China - about
arming them with atomic weapons.
H o w e v e r, the editors said
Khrushchev referred to Berlin as
the main issue.
The interview was released on
the same day that the Soviet for-
eign office in notes to the United
States, Britain and France reject-
ed their June 25 proposal that a
four-power meeting be called in
Berlin to discuss means of easing
tension caused by shootings and
other violence along the Berlin
The notes again disputed East
German responsibility for the vio-
lence and blamed it on alleged
fascist and criminal elements in
West Berlin, encouraged by the
Khrushchev charged the three
western powers cling to West Ber-
lin as a "military bridgehead" and
"a source of tension."
If they would only depart, he
said, the Soviet Union is willing to
For Study of Income Tax
CABINET SHAKEUP: Would Levy
Macmillan Fires Nine TaxeS on All
LONDON () - Prime MinisterW orkers
Harold Macmillan swept nine more to his administration, threatened Macmillan also named his son-
ministers out of his government by a flight of supporters disen- in-law, Julian Amery, to be avia-
last night in the second phase of chanted with conservative poli- tion minister in place of Peter 7-2 Vote Squelches
a purge that has rocked the rul- cies. Thorneycroft, who has moved to Attempt at Enactment
ing conservatives. Eleven young men moved into the Defense Ministry. Amery had P
A weekend of house-cleaning the government yesterday for the been air minister. Of Proposal by Eley
brought 35 new appointments in- first time. A total of 16 tried and Sir John Hobson was appointed
trusted colleagues of Macmillan attorney general in place of Sir By PHILIP SUTIN
were left without jobs. Reginald Manningham -Bulle r,
Far-Reaching elevated to be lord chancellor. The Ann Arbor City Council
Seen as a whole, Britain's most In private, senior conservative tabled Democratic Councilman
far-reaching governmental shake- politicians were asking whether istrative study of a city income
up since World War II gave the Macmillan was missing the sub-itati-, stdyght a cityincome
To Censure usicWolW a I au th, stance for the shadow in his at- tax, 7-2, last night. squelching any
9 R Q e Macmilan government a jaunty, sac o h hdwi i t attmpt toward the enactment of
younger and more progressive look. tempt to portray a new image of the en
This presumably is aimed to coun- conservatism Ele proposed a seen-pint
RC Q~f SQ ter the mid-term electoral sue- 1 "study that would lead to the enact-
cesses of Jo Grimond's liberals, ment of a one per cent city in-
who have been particularly suc- come tax on residents and non-
PARIS () - The National As- cessful in luring conservative vot- resident workers in Ann Arbor
sembly early yesterday endorsed ers coupled with a flat rate property
President de Gaulle's plan for an But at the same time the ousters, tax reduction
independent French nuclear strik- delighted Labor Party opponents .:. : ,.'n Once the study is made, Eley
ing force. of the 68-year-old prime minister declared, "the City Council should
A motion of censure against because they appeared to have put proceed to enact an ordinance to
Premier Georges Pompidou, aimed the Conservative Party into its pceFoimplement my proposal."
at the government's nuclear pol- most jittery and confused mood Mayor's Action
icies, was defeated, since the 1956 British-French in-
A total of 206 deputies voted in vasion of Suez Mayor Cecil O. Creal urged that
favor of the motion, falling necesublci35yEley's motion be tabled pending a
short of the number necessary Publicitylegal ruling of the city attorney.
for passage. Newspapers normally friendly to"y
thegoermetpesriedMamg-e.. I do not think the city has the
The motion's immediate target the government described Macmi-.,power to levy an income tax with-
was Premier Georges Pompidou lan's purge in terms such as 'sav- out the vote of the people," Creal
since the president is immune to age massacre" and "ruthless exe- declared.
parliamentary action under the cution." Creal pointed out that the old
fifth republic. But there was The personal leadership of the city charter, superseded in 1955,
little doubt that the motion was Prime Minister himself became a had the authorization to levy
really aimed at de Gaulle whose big talking point, with pro-con- "rents, tolls and excises" used to
policies Pompidou is carrying out. servative commentators asking justify an income tax. The cur-
A total of 241 votes would whether he has gorie too far. rent charter only gives Ann Arbor
topple the Pompidou cabinet, but Changes yesterday were almost HAROLD MACMILLAN the power to "assess, levy and col-
the outlook was that the opposi- exclusively in the middle echelons ... more changes lect ad valorem taxes upon real
tion leaders would fall short sof the administration, involving and personal property."
such a figure. m t ate wCRISIS:Seeks Information
Pompidou defended de Gaulle's in the cabinet itself. Ee'
ms Among the most important fir- Eey'smotion would have had
proposals in debate Aong the moins- City Administrator Guy Larcom
At issue was the government's ings and hirings: minister of erudetermine:
request for supplemental appr- works, replaced by Geoffrey Rip- 1) The amount of revenue pro-
priations for 1962, including 200 on e duced by such a tax;
million francs ($40 million) for David Renton, minister of state l aneL 2) The amount property taxes
a separation plant at Pierrelatte at the home office, replaced by (.. could be reduced;
in southern France to produce en- Earl Jellicoe.3)Teamnsrtv cotf
riched uranium 235. The uranium 3) The administrative cost of
is needed for France's nuclear Kenneth Thompson, parliamen- LIMA (A')--Prime Minister Mor- such a tax;
tary secretary for education, re- eyra Paz Soldan's cabinet resigned 4) The impact of non-resident
Replying shto criticse who sa placed by Christopher Chataway. last night as a result of Peru's workers of Ann Arbor;
Frac shaould pool her atomica d presidential election crisis. 5) The impact onAnn Arbor
forts in a multinational European " "One official said the nation's residents working in cities levying
striking force, Pompidou said rtsEh Docftors military chiefs will take over the income taxes;
"certainly most" of France's government, probably today. 6) Possible reciprodity agree-
neighbors and allies do not now Moreyra announced the cabinet ments; and
plan to participate in the Pierre-S'kie s resignations after his second emer- 7) How the Board of Education
latte undertaking. gency meeting with President could participate in the tax
__________REGINA W) - Saskatchewan's Manuel Prado in 24 hours. scheme.
socialist government and a num- Ask Annulment Included Board
COI1-C O2 Cfie ia ber of private groups yesterday An unconfirmed report said the Eley proposed that the Board of
stepped up efforts to offset the cabinet quit in a body after Prado Education be included in his plan
Suggests Recess effects of a strike by physicians refused to annul the results of the so that non-residents of Ann Ar-
against the province's compulsory June 10 presidential elections bor living within the school dis-
LANSING (?) - Tom Downs, medical care plan- which the armed forces claimed trict could get property tax relief.
constitutional convention v i c e In Saskatoon, 19 British doctors were marred by fraud.
president ,yesterday sent a letter recruited by the government began The nation's military leaders the taxad the legal arguments for
to all other delegates urging that registering for licenses to practice turned thumbs down on Victor ing a "ngesie need for broadeng
the convention recess until mid- under the plan. Raul Haya de la Torre, leader of ing a regressive tax base, adding
November immediately after it re- Citizens committees in other the popular revolutionary alliance, that any income tax coupled with
aonvenes on Aug. 1. areas were establishing their own who was the top man in popular property tax relief would aid the
Downs told delegates that a cooperatively operated, non profit votes. urbanization of the Ann Arbor
series of court actions are await- clinics to provide service under Finance Minister Alex Zarak area.
ed on reapportionment issues. the program. told reporters a military junta will Saying that "tax relief by
take power within one or two days: mneans of a flat-rate municipal
Needs Votes income tax makes economic sense,
clam a P ushes or C ut Haya de la Torre failed to obesEley declared that such a levy,
tain the required number of votes 'though obviously not as much so
in the election - one-third plus a flat-rate tax has some reference
-ne - thus handing the issue to to general ability to pay. Our tax
O f O verseas D ollar-D rain congress, which was scheduled to patchwork places a proportionate-
- mak a d i ii ql2
aJ . ly heavier burden on those least
WASHINGTON UP)-Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara Military leaders said earlier they able to pay than on those most
aunched yesterday a drive to slash the overseas dollar-drain by not allow his election by able."
nusKi 10 nea ior eneva
Despite Moscow's Rebuff
WASHINGTON ()--Secretary of State Dean Rusk heads Thurs-
day for Geneva and more talks with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei
Gromyko despite a fresh rebuff from Moscow.
Rusk's travel plans were announced yesterday almost simul-
taneously with Soviet rejection of a Western request for a conference
to discuss ways to end violent incidents along the Berlin wall
before they can mushroom into more serious outbreaks.
The secretary is going to Geneva to participate in the wrapping
up of the agreement which it is hoped will put Laos on a permanent
For Test Ban
GENEVA (P) - The Soviet Un-
ion stiff-armed an American com-
promise move for a nuclear test
ban treaty at the reopening of the
17-nation disarmament conference
Soviet delegate Valerian A .Zor-
in told newsmen the United States
plan was "no compromise at all in
Then, in his opening speech to
the conference, Zorin accused the
United States of "stepping up stra-
tegic and all other preparations for
a nuclear war" while continuing
That was the Soviet position a
month ago when the conference
recessed after a three-month ses-
sion whose only forward step was
the adoption of a treaty preamble.
The United States delegates
again assured the conference the
United States considers world dis-
armament a matter of priority. He
said the Soviet Union, for its part,
"has significantly retreated on the
nuclear test ban treaty."
Viet Nam War
SAIGON (P)-Three air crashes
and an ambush took a toll of 51
lives in three days, in the camps
of American servicemen and their
Vietnamese allies. Five of the dead
were Americans, and five others
Worst of the air disasters in the
jungle war with Viet Cong guer-
illas was the crash yesterday of a
tr-lari- Viaf--- a- fnr-
basis of neutrality. But he is al-
lowing himself plenty of time to
discuss Berlin, disarmament and
other East-West issues with Gro-
myko and with Allied foreign min-
A Soviet note rejecting a June
25 Western proposal for talks on
the Berlin wall was criticized by
State Department Press Officer
Lincoln White as unresponsive.
The British foreign office also
expressed disappointment at the
Privately, United States officials
described as "nastily worded" the
Soviet note which again blamed
the West for Berlin wall incidents.
But they saw no basic change in
The state department said Rusk
will probably fly directly to Ge-
neva and return directly from
ther to Washington about July
25 or 26.
The technical reason for Rusk's
trip is the signing of the interna-
tional agreement on Laos sched-
uled by the 14-nation Laos con-
ference for July 23. Soviet sources
said they expect Gromyko to ar-
rive July 17.
Other foreign ministers from
the participating nations which in-
clude Britain and France, are
also expected to be on hand early
for the formal signing.
Thus the stage is set for a kind
of East-West foreign ministers'
meeting which can touch on a
variety of cold war issues.
The Berlin discussions have
made little if any progress. But
Rusk favors continued contacts
with the Soviets, even though no
solution is in sight. He sees them
as a means of holding down ten-
sions and leaving the door open
for a settlement.
The 17-nation Geneva disarma-
ment conference also resumed yes-
terday, after a month's recess.
join them in a solemn pledge of Ugo Betti's "Queen and the
noninterference with West Berlin Rebels" will open a four-day run
life, a guarantee to be "sealed with at 8 p.m. tomorrow in Trueblood
the seal of the United Nations." Aud.
Ihgnoring therepeatedpledges of Never before produced in the
the Western powers that they will United States, "Queen and the
not negotiate to remove the pro- Rebels" is slated to go into rehear-
tection of Western troops from sals this fall for a New York open-
West Berliners, Khrushchev calm- ing. It is the third offering of the
ly repeated his demand that the University Players' Playbill Sum-
western powers agree to a peace mer 1962.
treaty with all Germany and to A "political tragedy," "Queen
leave West Berlin as a free demil- and the Rebels" was written in
leaveWed city. 1949, when the Communist party
was particularly strong in Italy.
Betti, though careful to avoid giv-
ing the play any specific setting
in time or place, deals with the
problems and paradoxes that arise
Backe r s eet in a political revolution.
Set in a political outpost five
TLEMCEN, Algeria R) - Dissi- years after a revolution has over-
dent Deputy Premier Ahmed Ben volves arouonarchcapture pa
Bella's top military and civilian trial of the former queen.
supporters met here yesterday to The rebels, headed by dialecti-
plan their next move in the bitter cal materialist, seize a woman they
struggle for power in this 13-day- think is queen and the woman, ac-
old nation. tually a prostitute, finds the inner
Ben Bella lined up a meeting of strength and dignity to assume
independence war heroes, presum- this role and face up to them.
ably to show his strength among She combats the rebels' pessi-
those who fought to free Algeria mistic belief that onermust'destroy
from French rule. most of the world to create a new
But the gathering also showed and ordered state, with the belief
his weakness: the Guerrilla Army that there is something worth-
Wilayas (zones) loyal to moderate while in every person - that is
Premier Ben Youssef Ben Khedda the individual, not the state, that
were absent. must be freed.
Views Crisis in Sovi
another $900 million a year without cutting United States fighting
"This objective is to be achieved without reducing our combat
effectiveness abroad or creating hardship for the individual service-
man or his dependents," McNamara told a new conference.
The aim is to reach the objective by 1966, with more than half
of the $900 million savings coming through reductions in spending
" overseas, most of which is done
in Europe. "It's going to be a
tough job," the Pentagon chief
1 7 7 1McNamara acknowledged that
t Y o u ththe three-year drive to cut the
et t u ndollar-drain to $1 billion a year
may increase the defense budget
the possibility for improvement is now running close to $50 billion.
seen that problems arise. "We can't estimate at the mo-
These problems often take the ment what that penalty will be,"
shape. of the loafing avoidance of he said, "but the savings in gold
work. As examples, Prof. Kassof we believe will justify such a
listed the illegal dealing in for- penalty."
eign currency, the beatnik ap- He stressed that $600 million.
proach of indifference, the rejec- in savings so far from a 1961 level
tion of the appropriate values such of $2.6 billion payments deficit
C '7 l .'fnh aQfo. +f n- had been achieved at a time when
The unconfirmed report said
Prado, whose six-year term was
due to end July 28, not only re-
fused to annul the election results
but rejected a move to appoint a
military cabinet headed by Army
Gen. Ricardo Perez Godoy. There
also were reports that Prado re-
fused to step aside as president.
LANSING (W) - Gov. John B.
Swainson yesterday signed a bill
appropriating $116.5 million for
the state's colleges and universities
and other educational purposes
while blasting the Legislature for
not allowing more money.
Instead, Swainson said, the
Legislature forced tuition fee in-
The following is the revised
residence hall rate schedule for
East and West Quadrangles,
Betsy Barbour and
Helen Newberry Houses
Triples, $795; Small Doubles,
$795; Doubles, $850; Singles,
South Quadrangle and
Women's Residence Halls
(except Barbour, Newberry and
Adelia Cheever Houses)
Triples, $811; Doubles, $866;
All rooms, $290.
All rooms, $500.
Residents of East and West
Quad will be billed $8 for the
ear for f nhon o nne+heaeo
By JAMES GREENBERG
Trends toward political noncon-
formity, intellectual rebelism and
seeking the good life are causing
an upheaval in the younger gen-
eration within the Soviet Union,
Prof. Allen Kassof of the depart-
ments of sociology and anthropol-
feeling of rebellion or that the
communist system is not strong.
Instead, the regime has failed
to recognize that the problems
exist in part within the system
and as a group they are just deal-
ing with the symptoms.
Prof. Kassof pointed out that
the intellectual rebellion stems