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July 04, 1962 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1962-07-04

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Sir 41


Little chance
of rain.

Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom


Urges European Unity

Ben Khedda

Tightens Grip

.PARIS M)-President Charles de
Gaulle last night publicly express-
ed the hope that Britain soon will
join a European political union
based on the Common Market.
The occasion was a formal din-
ner in the Elysee Palace honoring
West German Chancellor Konrad
In a speech, -de Gaulle stressed
that a European organization re-
quires close links between France
and Germany. He said the orga-
nization should cover general poli-
cy, economics, defense and cultur-
al affairs, linking France, West
Germany, Italy, Belgium, Hollandg
and Luxembourg, the six states of
the Common Market.
Others Join
"And we hope that others, espe-
cially England, will come to join
in some day, thus bringing to the
free world a considerable rein-
forcement," he added.
French support has been consid-
ered crucial by the British in their
bid to join the flourishing Euro-
pean economic community.
De Gaulle added that such an
organization would offer "powerful
assistance" to the world's under-
developed regions, and referred to
his repeatedly expressed hope that
a ninfied Western Europe even-
tually can persuade Russia to come
to terms with the West.
Review History
De Gaulle reviewed the history
of the many French-German con-
flicts, and said they were inspired,
on one side as well as on the oth-
er, by a misguided search for Eu-
ropean unity.
European political unity was the
main topic earlier as Adenauer
and de Gaulle opened their three
days of talks .
The two hour discussion was
warm, open and frank, an inform-
ed source said.s
Closed Doors
Only interpreters were on hand
as the 86-year-old German leader
and de Gaulle, 71, sat down behind
closed doors at the Elysee Palace.
Sources close to the morning
meeting said one of the first topics
was de Gaulle's report to Adenauer
of the recent Paris visit of Prime
Minister Harold Macmillan of]
The Macmillan-de Gaulle talks
hinged on Britain's entry into the
Common Market and common de-
fense policy within the North At-
lantic alliance.t
Future Role
Britain's future role in the Com-1
mon Market was another main
subject of the Adenauer-de Gaulle
discussion. Both leaders see the
Common Market as the prelude to=
European political union. t
Discussing Britain's entry intoY
the Common Market, Adenauer
repeated to de Gaulle the Bonnt
government's opinion that Britaint
should be admitted, the sources
The German leader agreed with
the French view that Britain's1
Commonwealth ties present serioust
problems and that the aims of
the Common Market should not
be blunted by granting Britaint
exemptions, informants said. 1
Faculty Raps
Loyalty Oath
At Washington
Fifty-five faculty members oft
the University of Washington have
recently renewed their attack on
the controversial loyalty oath im-i
posed by the Legislature in 1955.-
The faculty members filed suit
June 9 in United States District
Court in Seattle to challenge the
constitutionality of the oath that
compels faculty members to swear
to uphold and foster the Consti-
tution and to swear they are not
members of the Communist party

or any other subversive organiza-
They hope the suit will reach
the United States Supreme Court
for a ruling on the constitution-
ality of the two laws that insti-
tuted the oath.
Previous to the filing of this
suit, two professors lost their case
to have the oath declared uncon-
stitutional in the U. S. Supreme
The Court had ruled that,+
"There is no denying of due pro-
cess of the- law for the two pro-
fessors since the Faculty Tenure
Code of the University provides
for a hearing before dismissal of
#vrrrar r~rfacn C i Rnt o+ t' ps


Newly-Freed Algeria

Pollock Cites Con-Con
As Representative Body
"The Michigan Constitutional Convention was a representative
body . . . an assembly that represented the main streams of opinion
in the state and in their correct proportions," Prof. James K. Pollock
of the political science department said yesterday in the second of

MEETING-The two major European leaders, French President
Charles de Gaulle and West German Chancellor Konrad
Adenauer, are meeting to discuss European problems including
Britain's proposed entry into the Common Market.
Governor Filibusters
Over Civil Rights Issue
HERSHEY, Pa. UP) -- The nation's governors yesterday tumbled
over that eternal political stumbling block, civil rights, and got them-
selves into such a tangle they wound up without taking a collective
stand on the controversial issue.
Gov. Ernest F. Hollings, (D-S.C.) staged a successful filibuster
that for a time made it appear the governors might not only miss
their big state dinner tonight, but also their trip to Independence

Hopes Dim
For Measurel
WASHINGTON (MP) - Hopes for
Presdent John F. Kennedy's tax
revision proposals, already in deept
trouble, dimmed even more yester-
day when chairman Harry F.-
Byrd, (D-Va.,) set a July 17 dead-
line for the Senate Finance Com-
mittee to agree on a bill.3
Ending lengthy hearings on theE
measure, Byrd said if the commit-
tee is unable to reach a full agree-
ment by then it will lay aside the
legislation, begin hearings ont
trade legislation, and come back1
to the tax measure later.i
But the committee won't start
executive sessions to try to write
is version of the tax bill until July
11 - leaving only a week to turn1
the trick. In view of the sharp3
disagreement over the proposals,
chances of compromising them in
that time appeared slim. Byrd
himself has been talking of it as1
a 30-day chore.
Byrd gave no estimate of the
length of the trade hearings, but
earlier he had said he expected
them to last four weeks. This
would mean the tax question
couldn't be taken up again until
late August.,
Congress will be pushed to ad-
journ by then and in view of the
controversy over provisions of the
bill, it would be relatively easy for
it to smother in the crush.
Administration supporters claim
they'have votes to adopt one dis-
puted provision, a $1.35-billion in-
vestment credit as an incentive to
business to modernize its plants.
But the 17 members appeared to
be lined up 10 to 7 to knock out a
withholding system for taxes on
dividends and interest.
Carey Explains
Unions' Role
In Education
DENVER (4') - Labor Leader
James B. Carey told the National
Education Association yesterday
it is cutting its own throat if it
continues to oppose unionism.
The official policy of the NEA
has long been anti-teacher union.
Fear and distrust of such unions
has been the recurrent theme of
this year's annual convention here.
(Cey. vice oresident of the

Hall for a Fourth of July meeting
with President Kennedy today.
On a plea by the host governor
David L. Lawrence (D-Pa.) that
the ambassador from Japan and,
more appropriately, the comedian
Bob Hope, were on the night's pro-
gram and deserved some courtesy,
the governors finally gave up.
Drop Issue
Lawrence's plan: drop the whole
thing, and let each governor sign
whatever civil rights plan he want-
ed, if any. The plan prevailed 32-8.
The civil rights business began
with a resolution so seemingly
mild even the Southerners could
endorse it.
But first Gov. Nelson A. Rocke-
feller (R-N.Y.) then Gov. John B.
Swainson (D-Mich.) and finally
Gov. Mark O. Hatfield (R-Ore.)
had a go at putting a few teeth in
In the end they all failed.
Minority Side
Hatfield declared he frequently
has been on the minority side, but
never has felt the need to fili-
"This action," Hatfield said,
"can only be taken as capitula-
tion to a minority on a strong
civil rights program."

Appoint Aide
To Apportion
MADISON (P) - In the first
such action in American history, a
federal court took full jurisdiction
in a reapportionment dispute to-
day and appointed a special offi-
cial to supervise realignment of
Wisconsin's political districts in
conformance with the state con-
A panel of three federal judges,
acting as the Republican-con-
t r o11e d Wisconsin Legislature
fought bitterly to a deadlock with
Democratic Gov. Gaylord Nelson,
named former state Supreme
Court Justice Emmert Wingert as
special master.
It ordered Wingert not only to
investigate reapportionment mea-
sures which were dying in the leg-
islature as -the court acted, but
"any further apportionment bills
that may be passed."
Define Powers
And in a separate order defining
his powers, the panel directed that
the official "shall consider and try
the issues raised by the parties-to
this action, and if he finds the
plaintiffs are entitled to relief, he
shall consider plans of apportion-
ment which may be submitted to
him, and he shall make findings
which may include any modifica-
tions or changes in plans so sub-
The sweeping charge was a
precedent-making step taken by
the panel, named to consider the
dispute when democratic Atty.
Gen. John W. Raynolds petitioned
for intervention after the March
26 Baker-Carr decision, in which
the Supreme Court of the United
States ruled that United States
courts have jurisdiction in such
The Wisconsin Legislature had
recessed last January without act-
ing on reapportionment, as re-
quired under a constitutional pro-
vision directing that "at their first
session after each enumeration
made by the authority of the Unit-
ed States, the legislature shall ap-
portion and district anew."

a series of lectures on the consti-
tutional convention.
While the 34 Senatorial votes
are equal to the votes of the 110
Representatives in the legislature,
this does not follow in the conven-
tion. "When the two are put to-
gether the 34 votes are swallowed
up in the 110 and the votes are not
as equal as in the legislature. This
made the convention a reasonably
representative body," he said.
-"One of the most interesting
and vital points of the legislative
action on the convention was the
provision that the delegates were
to be elected on a partisan basis,"
Prof. Pollock continued.
While many citizens felt that a
non-partisan convention would be
best, Michigan's last two gover-
nors and a large margin in the
two legislative bodiestthat pre-
ceded the calling of the conven-
tion felt that the delegates should
be elected on a partisan basis.
One of the main purposes of the
political party is to select candi-
dates for public office, Prof. Pol-
lock, a GOP delegate to the con-
vention, said. "They can perform
this task better than anyone else
and were in a better position to
do this job in 1961 in Michigan. If
the election had been on a non-
partisan basis the convention still
would have been made up of vari-
ous groups . . . Further, the con-
vention would not have attracted
as many men and women of com-
petence in a non-partisan elec-
tion," Prof. Pollock concluded.
Over Speakers
Now that a "misunderstanding"
over speaker policy has been clear-
ed up with Ohio State University,
plans for the United States Na-
tional Student Association Con-
gress to be held there in late
August will continue on schedule,
NSA National Affairs Vice- Presi-
dent Paul Potter said last night.
Previously, it had been feared
that OSU's speaker policy might
require that the university would
have to screen lists of proposed
speakers at the convention, but
OSU placed final responsibility
with NSA.
NSA's National Executive Com-
mittee had been notified of the
difficulty and alternate actions in
case OSU would have pressed such
a demand were being studied.
Consider Sites
The committee considered sev-
eral alternate sites and the pos-
sibility of holding no Congress at
However, OSU did not press a
demand for speaker lists. "The
officers have complete responsi-
bility for speakers. Ohio State
University has neither requested
nor received speaker lists," Potter
"NSA has given no special as-
surance about speakers,"'he added.
Bar Luce
In late April Ohio State Uni-
versity President Novice G. Faw-
cett had barred Philip Luce, of
the Emergency Civil Liberties
An OSU regulation bars speakers
"whose views do not contribute in
some way to the university's edu-
cational program."

Leader Hits
Of Ben Bella
Cheering Moslems
Greet Proclamation
Giving Independence
By The Associated Press
ALGIERS - France proclaimed
Algeria an independent nation
yesterday as Nationalist Premier
Ben Youseff Ben Khedda returned
here to assert his leadership over
the new nation.
The former guerrilla fighter de-
fied what he called the "military
dictatorship" ambitions of dissi-
dent Deputy Premier Ahmed Ben
About five hours after French
President Charles de Gaulle pro-
claimed independence Ben Khed-
da arrived from Tunis to a thun-
dering Moslem welcome.
Roar Greeting
Half a million Moslems parad-
ing, shouting and roaring a gi-
gantic greeting to Ben Khedda
and his ministers appeared to
have stamped their approval on
his leadership.
After his speech at the airport,
he and his ministers were preced-
ed into the heart of the city by
several hundred tough, battle-
hardened guerrillas from Algeria's
green Kabylie Mountains.
Clearly referring to Ben Bella,
who wants a radical social revo-
lution in Algeria and opposes Ben
Khedda's policy of cooperation
with France, the nationalist pre-
mier in his address called for
"unity against personal power,
against men of ambition, against
military adventures, demagogues
and fascists of all kinds." He
warned against "anarchy of un-
fortunate local and private initia-

-AP wirephoto
PROTEST-Members of the National Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People picketed this and 16 other Atlanta
restaurants or hotels in protest to their alleged refusal to house-
any NAACP national convention delegates.
NAACP Pickets Hotels
At Southern Convention
ATLANTA (P)-Negro pickets marched in front of 10 hotels and
six restaurants in this deep south city yesterday protesting the turn-
ing away of some delegates to the National Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People.
A sign carrier by a picket in front of the Dinkler Plaza said,
"Khrushchev could stay here. Negro Americans, nyet." At the near-
by Piedmont Hotel, a white man leading three Negro pickets held a

sign reading "twelve southern ci-'
ties have 'open hotels.' Why not
Atlanta?" Doctor
Attract Crowds
The widespread demonstrations
attracted hundreds of spectatorsProtes]
but no incidents were reported.
Police kept a close watch on the
situation. REGINA, Sask
Some time after the Negro pick- cians yesterday a
ets appeared several white-robed throw out thec
members of the Ku Klux Klan be- cal insurance pl
gan handing out leaflets near the a protest strike
picket line at the Dinkler Plaza. katchewan's 700
Calvin Craig, a Klan grand dra- tors.
gon, said "we are just feeling the In the third c
situation out. We have only a few ince's controve3
men on the picket line. You know strike, some hos
our people have to work for a liv- ed to providing s
ing. They are not all on welfare only. Reporters
like many of these Negro pickets." reach any Regin
Emany haseFight .offices, and thre
Emphasize Fight clinics were clos
The NAACP voted to picket ho- Doctors W. J.t
tels and restaurants to emphasize MacDonald char
the organization's fight for equal in Saskatoon th
rights. An estimated 400 pickets legislature overst
were equipped with signs and sent ity in approving
to many of the city's hotels, mo- program.
tels and restaurants. Earlier Dr. H.:
Lester Maddox, a segregationist ident. of the Col
and owner of a restaurant, said and Surgeons,
they could picket his place all day mand for repea
and all night as long as they did program.
not block the driveway. Maddox is The strikingc
a candidate for lieutenant gover- plan - the first
nor of Georgia and several years large scale in I
ago headed a segregationist or- opens the way
ganization called Georgians un- control of the n
willing to surrender. Lloyd has call
An NAACP spokesman said pick- stand "furthere
eting was planned twice daily for loused disregard
the remainder of the week. The the people and
convention lasts through Sunday. people to govern

4s File
t Suit
k., - Two physi-
sked the courts to
compulsory medi-
an that has led to
by many of Sas-
practicing doc-
day of the prov-
rsial plan and
pitals were limit-
emergency service
were unable to
a doctors at their
ee or more major
Cranley and M. H.
ged in a suit filed
at the provincial
tepped its author-
the medical care
D. Dalgleish, pres-
lege of Physicians
reiterated a de-
l of the medical
doctors claim the
t of its type on a
North America -
for government
nedical profession.
ed the physicians'
evidence of a cal-
for the welfare of
the right of the
,n themselves."


Lone Wolf Role
Ben Bella has been accused of
seeking a lone wolf role in the new
Algeria. He has defiantly de-
nounced the provisional govern-
ment's dismissal of the command-
er of well-disciplined Algerian
armies of some 45,000 men posed
along borders in Tunisia and Mor-
occo with Soviet bloc weapons.
The commander was accused of
plotting a military coup.
.Some 4,500 former guerrillas
were reported to have rallied to
Ben Bella's cause in Willaya (mili-
tary district) No. 4 south of Al-
giers. French sources said about
300 more Moslem and auxiliary
police deserted their units in
southwest Algeria and joined the
dissident faction.
President John F. Kennedy wel-
comed Algeria's emergence as an
independent nation, calling it an
"important step toward fuller re-
alization of the dignity of man."
Recognize Independence
The State Department promptly
termed the presidential statement
"recognition of Algeria as a sover-
eign, independent state."
But despite the swift American
action, taken shortly after Presi-
dent Charles de Gaulle of France
announced Algeria's independence;
the Kennedy Administration was
moving cautiously in establishing
normal diplomatic relations.

Americans Celebrate July 4
With Ceremonies, Speeches

The day of fireworks, independ-
ence, highway deaths, American
flag, and patriotic speeches is here
In the 186th year since the sign-
ing of the Declaration of Inde-
pendence President Kennedy will
make a speech to the fifty govern-
ors of the United States of Amer-
ica. The speech is titled "The
Meaning of Independence in an
Era of Interdependence," dealing
with foreign policy.
This marks the first time a
President has given a speech in
Independence Hall on Independ-
ence Day since Woodrow Wilson
did so in 1914.
Rodeo, Dance
The Indians will celebrate In-
dependence Day in Montana with
a rodeo, an encampment and a
In the realm of patriotic speech-
es there will be a fifty gun salute
at Airlift Square in Germany, and
a baseball double-header in Phil-
Honor Lynch
Oan Long Island Sound the SAR
(Sons of the American Revolution,

Claims ECM Harms Europe

By The Associated Press
MOSCOW - Foreign Minister terday Cuba will be unable to meet
i its sugar commitments with the
Andre Gromyko denounced the Soviet bloc and other countries this
Common Market yesterday as bad year. He blamed the low sugar
for Russia and bad for Western crop on poor government planning
Europe. The statement was made and inexperience. "We do not mind
admitting our mistakes," Roca
by the Soviet foreign minister to said. He contended, however, that
correspondents who surrounded the Cuban economy is now on the
him at a lively reception in the upswing and the situation looks
Austrian embassy. brighter.
* * ** *~ *
UNITED NATIONS- Congolese WASHINGTON-A large, high-
Foreign Minister Justin Bomboko altitude nuclear test in the Pa-
c snrnntr1 last night to have cific. scheduled for late today, has

surface-at least, by the United
States, an Atomic Energy Com-
mission official indicated yester-
day. Its explosive yield would at
least exceed the equivalent of 19,-
000 tons of TNT.
NEW YORK-The right of a
Roman Catholic University to dis-
miss three students for taking part
in a civil marriage ceremony was
upheld yesterday by the appellate
division of State Supreme Court.
By a 3-2 vote, the appellate divi-
sion overturned a ruling by a Su-

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