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Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
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VOL. LXXII, No. 35-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, AUGUST 1, 1962 SEVEN CENTS
British, U.S. Experts
Note Close Approach
Observers Speculate on Possibility
Of Descent in Single Spacecraft
MOSCOW (P)-Russia's two newest astronauts slept peacefully
in space early yesterday while their twin ships raced around the Earth
constantly setting new mileage and orbital records, Tass reported.
Unconfirmed reports said "The Falcon" or "The Golden Eagle,"
or-both, might land during the day.
A Soviet informant said something interesting would happen in
the afternoon (Moscow time is 8 hours ahead of Eastern Standard
Time), but he refused to elaborate. About that time, both astro-
Presidential Statement Predicts
WASHINGTON ('-The Senate
defeated yesterday the first at-
tempt by opponents to rewrite the
It rejected, 56 to 19, an amend-
ment by Sen. Albert Gore (D-
Tenn) to require the State De-
partment to conduct or supervise
all negotiations with foreign coun-
tries and approve all agreements
involving the proposed global sat-
ellite communications system.
The bill would set up a private-
ly owned, government-regulated
corporation to operate the United
States part of the system and al-
low it to conduct business negotia-
tions with foreign countries and
agencies with the State Depart-
ment advising on foreign policy.
The big issue will be decided to-
day when the Senate votes on a
bipartisan leadership proposal to
invoke debate-limiting cloture and
end a filibuster that has blocked
final action on the measure.
The Senate, in a snowstorm of
parliamentary maneuvering, ad-
journed last night, heading off a
threatened night-long speech by
Sen. Wayne M o r s e (D - Ore)
against the administration bill.
Sen. Everett M. Dirksen (R-Ill),
the Senate GOP leader, and oth-
ers teamed up in the moves which
forced a 15-6 roll call vote to ad-
journ the session at 10:34 p.m. un-
til noon today.
Opponents of the bill, battling
for government ownership of the
proposed communications corpora-
tion, have offered dozens of
amendments. and these could re-
quire days to dispose of even if
cloture is adopted.
Sen. Robert S. Kerr (D-Okla),
in a lengthy argument against the
Gore amendment, said it would
"destroy the corporation to put
shackles about it so that it couldn't
do anything except when the State
Department permits it."i
In Albany Jail
ALBANY WP)-Five integration-
ists drew stiff sentences yester-I
day as the result of an attempt to4
desegregate a motel restaurant in
this racial trouble spot.
Fines of $200 or jail terms of 60
days were meted out by Recorder-
A. N. Durden Sr., to three Negroes
and two white persons who were
arrested Saturday at the Holiday
Inn dining room.
Convicted under a city ordinance
against idling or loitering in places
of business were John Robert Zell-
ner, 21, of Atlanta and Penelope
Patch, 19, of Englewood, N.J., both
white; The Rev. Robert M. Kin-
loch of New York, and The Rev.
Samuel B. Wells and Ruby Doris
Smith, both of Albany.
They were arrested in the mo-
tel dining room after refusing to
leave when ordered out by the
manager. The city ordinance un-
der which they were convicted was
amended recently to provide for
arrests when persons refuse to
leave a business place after being
told to do so,
Zellner, who had been staying
at the motel, said he invited his
companions into the dining room.
He said he had been served there
" nauts might be in position to
Sir Bernard Lovell, director of
Britain's Jodrell Bank radio tele-
scope, told reporters "I would not
be surprised if both men came
down in one craft and left the oth-
er in orbit ... we believe eitherthe
spacemen now are both together
or are extremely close to each oth-
Later last night, an official of
the Sohio Research Center, which
has been tracking the vehicles, said
the two space ships could have
touched one another during their
Dr. A. L. Jones, supervisor of
basic research at the center, said
plottings indicated the two crafts
began to separate just before 1:26
p.m. (EST) Sunday. He said the
first actual measurement of dis-
tance between the ships indicated
they were 75 miles apart and the.
next measurement showed they
were even farther apart.
But, he said, the curve shows
that before the first measure-
ment yesterday the ships had
reached zero separation. That
would have been shortly before
He said the progressive widen-
ing of distance between the two
craft led him at first to believe
they had failed to come together,
but the plottings showed they
should have met.
"All the data we have supports
the contention the ships met," he
said. "This includes the fact we
never have received any voice com-
munications from Vostok IV."
Dr. Jones said one of the cosmo-
nauts could have transferred from
his own. ship to the other at zero
separation, but emphasized this
was merely speculation.
"The Falcon," Maj. Andrian Ni-
kolayev, 32, made his 40th orbit
at 10 p.m. Moscow time (2 p.m.
EST), the Tass news agency re-
ported. That would be about 1,-
040,000 miles piled up since his
Vostok III blasted off Saturday
"The Golden Eagle," code name
for Lt. Col. Pavel Popovich, 31, at
about the same time completed his
24th trip around the planet, mak-
ing about 264,000 miles covered
since his Vostok IV was launched
Sunday. He was believed to be still
somewhere in the vicinity of Vos-
Both had far outstripped the
best previous Soviet space effort
and had covered distances beyond
that to the Moon.
The distance to the Moon ranges
from 221,463 to 252,710 miles.
The space men had their eve-'
ning meal and radioed the control
center they felt fine.
'Ar gen tine
BUENOS AIRES (A') - T h e
shaky government of Argentine
President Jose Maria Guido-buf-
feted by Peron-hating army chiefs
and by an inflaction-ridden econ-
omy-was seized with a cabinet
crisis last night.
Two ministers submitted their
resignations and others were re-
ported ready to follow.
Interior Minister Carlos A. Ad-
rogue, under fire from Argentina's
60 political parties for his part in
a recent decree forbidding Peron-
ists, Communists and other ex-
tremists to run for office, twice
put in his resignation.
Guido twice refused to accept it.
S h o r t 1 y afterward, Defense
Minister Jose Luis Cantilo, critized
for his handling of the army crisis,
offered his resignation for the
second time in three days.
Guido said he had not decided
whether to accept it.
Cantilo offered to resign Satur-
day at the height of the dispute
between Guido and the military
over choice of a new war minister.
This crisis apparently had been
smoothed over when a compromise
choice was made.
Other cabinet ministers believed
ready to resign included Foreign
Minister Boniifacio Del Carril and
Economic Minister Alvaro Alsoga-
Rebel army leaders said the
United States had warned them
against trying to set up a military
The United States embassy de-
clined official comment on the
statement by the rebels but said
unofficially: "Everyone knows our
worldwide policy is not to recog-
nize military governments that
take power by force."
President John F. Kennedy sus-
pended diplomatic relations with
Peru and ordered economic aid cut
off after a military junta over-
threw President Manuel Prado last
month and took over the govern-
The rebels called off a march
on the capital after the President
agreed to name as War Secretary
Brig. Gen. Cornejo Saravia, 53,
who once helped jail former dic-
tator Juan D. Peron. Gen. Sar-
avia quickly shook up the army
commands and shelved generals
who supported Guido during the
four-day crisis that brought the
nation to the brink of civil war.
Asks Cut by January.
To Expand Economy
Kennedy Notes Current Upswing;
Reserves Quick-Relief for Crises
WASHINGTON (2 -- President John F. Kennedy turned
thumbs down last night on a quick tax cut and reaffirmed his
goal of a multi-billion-dollar reduction to become effective
next Jan. 1.
But he pledged to call Qongress into special session and
ask for immediate action if an economic crisis should develop
later this year.
There is no sign now of any such crisis, the President told
the people via television and radio from the White House.
Kennedy said there is an "absence of a clear and present dan-
ger" to the economy and thus,;
OVER THE WALL-A battle of tear gas and water cannon was touched off yesterday between East
and West German police during the demonstrations marking the first birthday of the Berlin Wall.
Riots Mark Wall Anni'versary
BERLIN (A') -- West Berliners'
pent-up hatred of the year-old
Communist wall poured out last
night in a series of violent pro-
test demonstrations including at-
tacks against Soviet vehicles and
the barricade itself.
WASHINGTON OP) - Secretary
of State Dean Rusk and Soviet
Ambassador Anatoly F. Dobrynin
talked yesterday about Berlin on
the first anniversary of the wall
dividing the city.
The result as reported by the
State Department. "No significant
change in the situation."
The Russians had asked for the
interview on Sunday. He did not
bring any written message from
his government, nor did he submit
any new proposals or mention the,
anniversary at all, officials re-
Neither the State Department
nor Dobrynin explained why Mos-
cow sent its envoy to see Rusk on
this day, when world attention
was focused on Berlin anyway. But
it strongly indicated that the Rus-
sian came to bring up a minor
point as a follow-up of the recent
What West Berlin officials hop-
ed would be a quiet observance of
the first anniversary of the Red
wall turned into near chaos that
lasted until late evening.
Screaming, cursing crowds of
West Berliners, blocked by West
police from approaching the wall.
found other outlets for their anger.
Hurling stones and beer bottles,
they smashed the windows of a
Russian bus returning soldiers
from duty at the Soviet war me-
morial in West Berlin.
Other West Berlin crowds used
the wall for target practice, scar-
ring with hundreds of paving
In the afternoon a protest pa-
rade of West Berlin youths touch-
ed off a battle of tear gas and
water cannon between East and
West police across the barricade.
There were no reports of serious
The car-stoning incidents oc-
curred near Checkpoint Charlie,
where Soviet vehicles cross into
West Berlin police finally suc-
ceeded in breaking up the crowds
as' they banged on the Soviet cars
and shouted insults at the soldiers
Brig. Gen. Frederick O. Hartel,
United States troop commander in
Berlin. went to Checkpoint Char-
lie for a personal investigation of
the attacks on the Soviet cars. He
talked there with Erich Duensing,
West Berlin police commissioner.
Duensing told reporters he was
most concerned about the demon-
strations in the Bernauerstrasse
area. There, he said, about 2.000
West Berlin demonstrators had at-
tacked his men with stones.
Reporters on the spot said the
stones appeared to be aimed by
the demonstrators at the East Ber-
lin police beyond the wall.
West Berlin police cars were
linedsup between the demonstra-
tors and the wall and got some of
the stones too.
To Hold Talks
NEW DELHI t/P)-Prime Minis-
ter Nehru offered yesterday to talk
with the Communists about eas-
ing tensions along the India-China
border, but sharply denied he is
leaning toward appeasing Peiping.
He told Parliament he is pre-
pared to enter into discussions
with the Chinese on withdrawal of
forces of both countries from the
disputed Ladakh area "to create
an appropriate climate for further
But he emphasized that India
would not enter into any direct
negotiations on settlement of the
border dispute until the Chinese
forces withdraw from territory,
they claim in Ladakh.
The Communists have taken over
control of 12,000 square miles of
the disputed area, and vowed "no
force on earth could oblige us" to
pull back. India controls the other
39,000 miles of the disputed waste-
lands along the Himalayan fron-
Nehru said his government's po-
sition had been misunderstood in
laying down terms for preliminary
talks and declared:
"We will protect the honor of
India and the defense of India to
the utmost of our capacity."
He warned "the situation on the
frontier remains as serious as it
has been in the past and is likely
to continue to be in the future."
a quickie tax cut "could neith-
er be justified nor enacted."
He recited economic data, and
pointed to charts, to show that
the economy is moving up-that
"there is every reason for confi-
dence by the American people in
the American system."
He renewed his pledge to ask
Congress next year for a massive
reform of the American tax sys-
tem with substantial income tax
rate reductions as part of the over-
This plan, including all-bracket
cuts in individual and corporate
rates and "rooting out of inequi-
ties" would, he said, place billions
of dollars in the hands of con-
sumers and businessmen. And this,
in turn, would create new jobs and
expand the American economy, he
The present bite on the Ameri-
can people, he said, is too severe,
hampering, economic growth. But,
he said, immediate tax reduction is
a weapon that should be "fired
only in clear emergency." To pro-
pose one at this time would need-
lessy undercut confidence at home
As for the permanent reform
measure he proposes for next year,
he said leaders of the Senate and
House, pius Rep. Wilbur Mills (D-
Ark), chairman of the tax writing
House Ways and Means Commit-
tee, have assured him of speedy
action in 1963.
He made no mention of the at-
titude of Sen. Harry F. Byrd (D-
Va), powerful chairman of the
Senate Finance Committee, who
has opposed most of Kennedy tax
reform ideas this year.
Kennedy displayed charts to the
TV audience to show that the
country has bounced back a long
way from the recession he said
was in progress when he took of-
fice in January 1961.
His figures included gross na-
tional product (total of goods and
services), up 10 per cent; indus-
trial production, up 16 per cent,
wages and salaries, up 10 per
cent, corporate profits up 26 per
cent, and unemployment rate down
23 per cent.
But in comparison with some
other countries, Kennedy said, the
United States has been standing
still in economic development for
Among his specific measures,
Kennedy asked for financial help
to colleges and universities. Twice
as many young people will be try-
ing to enter college in 1970 as in
1960, he said.
CHICAGO ( '-Big labor made
the 35-hour work week-withput a
reduction in take-home pay-its
hiox alin vsrti.v in a. rive
WASHINGTON (MP - President
John F. Kennedy's decision not to
ask an immediate tax cut drew
considerable congressional support
last night but his call for a heavy
reduction next year stirred skepti-
Several Republican legislators
stressed a favorite party theme-
that a tax cut at any time must
be accompanied by a parallel re-
duction in federal spending.
Rep. Wilbur D. Mills (D-Ark),
House Ways and Means Committee
chairman, said he endorses fully
the President's decision not to ask
for a temporary tax cut at this
.'I am convinced," Mills said,
"that a sound program of tax re-
form by improving incentives, by
increasing profits and consump-
tion and in making possible tnod-
ernization and expansion of pro-
ductive facilities, can result in the
most desirable long-range eco-
nom ic consequences."
Sen. Harry F. Byrd (D-Va),
chairman of the Senate Finance
Committee and a frequent oppon-
ent of Kennedy tax recommend a-
'There is only one reason for
high federal taxes. That reason is
high federal expenditures.
"The President said he will sub-
mit a tax bill in January. He will
also submit his budget for the next
fiscal year at the same time.
"When these are submitted, he
will have an opportunity to indi-
cate whether he plans to reduce
expenditures or pay for a tax cut
with borrowed money."
Rep. Leslie Arends, the Repub-
lican assistant leader from Illinois,
said Kennedy "offered everything
for everybody and he never men-
tions who is going to pay for it
the 1962 campaign has start-
Sen. Mike Mansfield (D-Mont),
the Senate majority leader, said
the President had given "an ex-
cellent message that laid the facts.
before the people."
Set Early Date
CHICAGO (A' - The United
States Circuit Court of Appeals
cleared the way yesterday for an
early showdown on plans of the
nation's railroads to eliminate
thousands of jobs they consider
The court acceded to a request
by the railroads for fast, eter-
gency consideration of their mo-
tion to dismiss a lower court tem-
porary injunction restraining them
from- n,,ttinria, .in-sl~acshiria sched1
ON THE ROAD:
Koto Player. Widens Range
By MARK SLOBIN
NEW YORK-Kimio Eto is a man with a mission, and a man well
equipped to fulfill that mission.
As an outstanding performer on the koto, the ancient Japanese
string instrument, his plan to make his instrument into a vital, con-
temporary medium of expression has led him to highly successful per-
formances at Town Hall and Carnegie Hall, and promises to take him
I yet further.
At 35, Eto, whose stature as a performer is made even more im-
pressive by the fact of his 30-year blindness, can look back on train-
ing under Japan's finest koto player, Michio Miyagi, acclaim within
his own country, and almost 10 years of life in America, with growing
recognition here for his instrument and his talent.
This fall he will perform at the new Philharmonic Hall at Lin-
coln Center, and hopes to be able to play his new concerto for koto
and orchestra with the Philharmonic.
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