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August 08, 1962 - Image 3

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1962-08-08

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WEDNESDAY, AUGUST"$,1962

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

WEDNSDA, AUUST8, 962 HE ICHIAN AI_

PRIMARY:
GOP Candidates Lead Dems

White House Greeting

VIEWS DIFFER:
Explore Computer Use i

1 1

(Continued from Page 1)

"This has been a campaign in
which I have stood on my record
of 14 years. It's been a record of
which I feel justified of being
proud.
'A Clean Fight'
"I have not engaged in person-
alities. I have fought a clean fight,
but I have lost and I publicly
thank the thousands who support-
ed me."
In the only statewide contest on
the ticket-the GOP nomination
for lieutenant governor-Clarence
Reid, a Detroit attorney who held
the post in 1953-54-was running
far ahead of two other candidates.
Reid held a comfortable lead
over Sen. John Stahlin (R-Beld-
ing) and Rockwell T. Gust Jr., of
Grosse Pointe Farms, attorney and
delegate to the constitutional con-
vention.
One-Fourth Vote
Election officials reported that
only about one-fourth of the
state's 3.7 million registered vot-
ers bothered to cast ballots in the
off-year election.
At stake were party nomina-
tions for 19 congressional districts,
including a new district where the
candidates ran on a statewide at-
large basis because the Legisla-
ture and Gov. Swainson failed to

CARLTON MORRIS
...concedes defeat

agree on how to carve out
district.

the

Running without opposition on
their respective party tickets were
two wealthy and prominent can-
didates--former Republican Con-
gressman Alvin Bentley, and
Owosso manufacturer, and Demo-
craticnational committeeman Neil
Staebler of Ann Arbor.
Swainson Talks
As the returns poured in, Swain-
son urged all candidates to buckle
down to the task ahead. He said:
"I am confident the record of
my administration and the record
of service to the people of Michi-
gan by the Democratic Party will
bear the scrutiny to which it will
be subjected to in the coming
months."
Swainson predicted a hard-
fought campaign which he said
would be waged on his part "in
accordance with the time-honored
principles of honest debate."
Richard Durant, conservative
leader of Republicans in Grosse
Pointe, was defeated 3-1 in his
bid for reelection as Second Pre-
cinct delegate.
Rep. Robert Waldron (R-Grosse
Pointe) won the head-to-head
contest,460-147.
Durant had been criticized by
Romney for his role in the John
Birch society of which he is a

ALVIN BENTLEY
..wins race

--t-.--

Match mates!

"sponsor" and asked his resigna-
tion of vice-chairman of the
GOP's 14th district organization,
Twlo States
Hold Votes
WASHINGTON - Senators Ed-
ward V. Long, a Missouri Demo-
crat, and Frank Carlson, a Re-
publican from Kansas, loped to
renomination tonight while Sen.
James B. Pearson built a healthy
lead in his bid for the GOP nod
for Kansas' other Senate seat.
In Kansas, Pearson led former
Gov. Edward F. Arn for the Re-
publican nomination to the Sen-
ate. Incomplete returns from 342
of the state's 2,977 precincts gave
Pearson 11,644 votes to 6,682 for
Arn.
Pearson, 42, was appointed last
January to succeed the late Sen.
Andrew F. Schoeppel, a Republi-
can. The contest now is for the
remaining four years of Schoep-
pel's term.
Paul Aylward, an attorney, has
no opposition for the Democratic
nomination for that post.
Kansas' Republican Gov. John
Anderson won renomination. Early
returns gave him 11,827 votes to
2,241 for Harvey F. Crouch i i278
precincts.
State Rep. Dale Saffels led
George Hart, former state treas-
urer, for the Democratic guber-
natorial nomination.
Hutchinson
Wins Race
(Continued from Page 1)
Byrns participated in program of
the United World Federalists and
a letter to the editor in which he
praised the election of Franklin D.
Roosevelt Jr. to Congress.
Byrns said he moderated one of
UWF panels, but was not 'a mem-
ber. He said his letter was not in
praise of Democrat Roosevelt, but
an attack on the Tammany Hall
machine.
On Thursday night, the Ber-
rien County Republican Screening
Committee met to study the situa-
tion and recommended Boothby
and Pears as "qualified Republi-
cans."
Announce Suit
MondayPears announced he
planned to sue the News-Palla-
dium Publishing Co. for $1.5 mil-
lion for statements linking him
with Boothby's action.
"I regret this action is neces-
sary. I feel that my statement
made to this newspaper has been
misrepresented and that I have
been subjected to statments made
by this newspaper not grounded in
fact," he declared.
Council Approves
HRC Appointment
The Ann Arbor City Council
Monday night approved the ap-
pointment of Max Frisinger, a lo-
cal contractor, to the Human Re-
lations Commission to fill the va-
cancy caused by the resignation of
Richard J. Mann last month.
r ection i. Moern GoinZ -
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-AP Wirephoto
PRESIDENTIAL GREETING-President John F. Kennedy greets
members of the National High School Symphony Orchestra of the
University sponsored National Music Camp at Interlochen, Mich.,
when it played on the White House lawn Aug. 6 as part of the
"For Youth By Youth" program sponsored by Mrs. Kennedy.
China Border Dispute
Poses India Crisis

4.
;

.+ .

1298

By HENRY BRADSHER
Associated Press News Analyst
NEW DELHI-India's angry ter-
ritorial dispute with Communist
China is forcing a difficult deci-
sion on Prime Minister Nehru.
He must decide whether to ne-
gotiate on Peiping's terms in the
hope of ending aggression along
India's mountainous northern bor-
der. The Chinese want to negoti-
ate without withdrawing from the
disputed territory they hold, as
India has insisted.
Nehru's agreement to talks
would imply renunciation of the
disputed territory in bleak, three-
mile high Ladakh which the Chi-
nese already control. This is an
area of 12,000 square miles. In-
dia controls another 39,000 square
miles of the disputed 'Himalayan
borderlands.
Cry 'Appeasement'
Angry cries of "appeasement"
are beginning to be heard as signs
increase that Nehru might negoti-
ate. Critics assert that whatever
influence India now has in Asia
will evaporate if Nehru accepts
the Chinese terms.
Nehru apparently is drawn to-
wards talks, however. He once
thought India and Red China, the
world's two most populous na-
tions, would stand together as the
friendly heart of Asia. Now, in his
weary old age, Nehru seems to
want to make another, perhaps
last desperate attempt to resolve
the quarrel with Peiping.
Rather than being cooperative,
the Chinese have been arrogant,
he has said.
Refuse To Withdraw
"No force in the world could
oblige us" to withdraw from the
disputed area, Chinese Foreign
Minister Chen Yi said last week.
India lacks the force to evict
the Chinese. The realization of
China's dominant military posi-
tion in Ladakh has come hard to
New Delhi.
When the Chinese began press-
ing into Ladakh in 1957, India had
no army troops in the area. By
last spring India had managed to
establish 3,500 to 5,000 troops in
this area behind the world's two
highest mountain ranges, the
Himalayas and the Karakorams.
This created a feeling of confi-
dence in New Delhi.
Erode Confidence
It had been eroded recently
when the government realized the
Chinese had the ability to bring a
superior force to bear any time
they chose. This is what happen-
ed last month in the Galwan Val-
ley of Ladakh when the Chinese
rushed up hundreds of troops to
menace an Indian outpost. The
outpost's supply line is still
threatened and the situation there
remains explosive.
Recognition of the Chinese
strength is believed to have been
an important factor in the July 26
note to China, which Nehru made

public Tuesday. It said India was
willing to hold discussions with the
Chinese as soon as the proper at-
mosphere has been created.
An' official spokesman was un-
able to clarify for correspondents
later whether the requirement of
a proper atmosphere meant Chi-
nese withdrawal. The note's fail-
ure to state clearly a demand for
withdrawal led some members of
Parliament and newspapermen to
conclude India had weakened its
demand.
The Chinese reply, which Nehru
called "rather disappointing," said
Peiping is ready to have talks as
soon as possible - without any
preconditions, meaning no with-
drawal from the disputed terri-
tory. Nehru said the Chinese note
is under consideration.
Signs of Settlement
There were signs in early 1960,
when Chinese Premier Chou En-
Lai visited New Delhi, that Nehru
was willing to trade away a few
thousand miles of Ladakh for
settlement of the dispute, includ-
ing the Chinese renunciation of
the rest of their claim of 51,000
square miles. He found himself un-
able to do it because of angry
public opinion. ,
Now public opinion is not so
loudly heard. The sharpest critics
in Nehru's governing Congress
Party have been silenced by giv-
ing them official posts. The non-
Communist opposition parties are
weaker. Only a few newspapers
have spoken against negotiations
without Chinese withdrawal.
One leading paper, the Hindu-
stan Times, said, "The hour of dis-
honor is near" unless public opin-
ion halts what the editor considers
the drift toward negotiations on
Chinese terms.

By GERALD STORCH
A Los Angeles attorney predicts
that computer systems eventually
will be able to predict United '
States Supreme Court decisions,'
as well as to "help reduce the
backlog of the courts and the
cost of litigation by reducing the
time required to perform thorough
legal research."
Reed C. Lawlor told the Ameri-
can Bar Association's special com-
mittee on "electronic data re-
trieval" that such work is still
in its infancy, although progress
is being made, the Associated Press
reported yesterday.
(These views, however, met with
some skepticism from Law School
faculty members.)
Predict Views
When computer methods are
further developed, Lawlor said,
lower courts will be able to pre-
dict how the Supreme Court will
view their decisions. These tech-
niques also will help lawyers ad-
vise clients whether to pursue
cases or settle them, he added.
He noted, however, that some
legal problems "may be too dif-
ficult to solve at all, let alone
with the aid of a computer.
"No attempt has been made yet
to use a computer in analyzing
trends in cases or when a court
will overrule its prior, decisions,"
Lawlor said.
Techniques Successful
Computer techniques have been
successful in their testing so far,
although its formulas have been
tried out in only the narrow field
of right-to-counsel cases. The elec-
tronic calculations, based on a
mathematical theory of stare de-
cisis, proved correct in predicting
35 out of 37 votes by individual
Supreme Court justices in 10 such
cases.
"Lawlor might have done just
as well in his predictions without
a computer." Any good lawyer,
by analyzing past judicial deci-
sions and the extent to which the
current cases parallel the pre-
vious ones, could have been just
as accurate or more accurate in
such predictions, Prof. Kadish as-
serted.
"A computer is no better than
what you feed into it." He and
Prof. Alfred F. Conard of the Law
DAILY OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
Jobs should consult the bulletin board
in Room 2200, daily.
MALE
I-Good commercial artist for news.
paper advertising. Part-time or full-
time.
80-Psychological Subjects. Must be stu-
dents. At least one, 2 hour session.
1-To do heavy work, inside a home,
for an older woman-in exchange
for room. Starting immediately after
summer session gets out.
FEMALE
1-Good commercial artist for news-
paper advertising. Part-time or full-
time.
1-Food supervisor. Degree in dietetics
or equivalent experience. Monday
thru Friday, 4 p.m. to 8 p.m.
ORGANIZATION
NOTICES
French Club. Film, "God Needs Men,"
7:30 p.m. today in the Multipurpose
Rm., UGLI.

School, although feeling the com-
puter methods are somewhat of
a "gimmick," thought there was
some potential for machines in a
mechanical function in lessening
the amount of work and time
needed to dig up old facts and
back cases.
Lawlor explained to the bar as-
sociation that the new methods
are based on the idea that each
individual justice is consistent in
the manner in which he decides
cases involving similar facts.
"The problem is to develop tech-
niques for recognizing the under-
lying consistency and to express
the rules in computer language."
Lawlor's groundwork for predic-
tions is to be as accurate as pos-
sible in analyzing past decisions.
Use Large Computer
The tests and experimental
equations have been carried out
on a large computer at the Uni-
Classroom.Ex
Aids Foreign
By MICHAEL SATTINGER
A broad non-profit, organization
with the announced intention of
increasing understanding, called
the People-to People Exchange
Program, will have 400,000 United
States students by fall, 1963, in
communication with foreign stu-
dents.
The idea was initiated by former
President Dwight D. Eisenhower,
presently chairman of the board
of trustees, at a White House con-
ference in 1956.
This is the first year that the
project will be run full scale. A
Kansas City-Mexico City trial run
was conducted last spring.
Voluntary Basis
On a voluntary basis, elementary
and secondary school- teachers ar-
range through the program to
have their classrooms put in touch
with corresponding classrooms in
other countries in South America,
Europe and Asia.
Both classrooms then participate
in related activities. Student let-
ters, scrapebooks, classrooms and
art work, displays and information
are traded between the two class-
rooms involved.
The role of the People-to-People
program is creating foreign con-
tacts, coordinating the schools and
classrooms involved, developing
special materials and aiding in the
transportation that is needed be-
tween countries. The United States
Navy has offered to carry the ma-
terials to be traded from country
to country.
Establish 'Pen Pals'
Perhaps the largest project is
to establish "pen pals" between
students in the United States and
other countries. If the American

I

'/A Year

PAGE THBEE
n Decisions
versity of California, Los Angeles
branch.
Prof. Conrad, who directs the
Law School's research programs,
said that no comparable work has
been done here, although the Uni-
versity has conducted some re-
search into statistical problems of
law.
He declared that he had not yet
seen sufficient proof of computer
abilities with regard to stare de-
cisis methods to warrant con-
fidence in beliefs that a basic
change in legal proceedings is
forthcoming, but said that inves-
tigations into the legal potential
of electronics are extremely valu-
able.
Dean Allan F. Smith, Associate
Dean Charles W. Joiner and As-
sistant Dean Roy F. Proffitt of
the Law School, along with sev-
eral professors from the school,
are attending the ABA convention.
ehange Plan
Relatiouns
student cannot correspond in a
foreign language, then arrange-
ments are made with a foreign
student who knows English.
Eisenhower called the project
"an effort to learn more about
and understand our foreign coun-
terparts."
The program is completely sup-
ported and run privately.
The People-to-People program
I is at present trying to attract
teachers and principals interested
in the possibilities of increasing
understanding.
Admen Give
American Male
Revised Image
' Advertisers are giving the Amer-
ican male a new image of ade-
' quacy-and he seems to like it-
Prof. Ross J. Wilhelm of tie busi-
ness administration school noted,
"From a psychological point of
view the new approach empha-
sizes the male as an adequate
personality. The emphasis is upon
a strong self-image of the male,"
he explained.
"This approach can best be ex-
pressed in the feeling and tempo
of such words as jazz, precision,
bucket seats, hard-hitting, compe-
tent, sophisticated, urbane and
reven witty," Prof. Wilhelm noted.
He said that this approach had
already created big sales gains
and if the trend continues it will
ireplace the stodgy male image of
I the job-oriented, slow to change
i and meek male.

~1INEEP

698

6I/

. "

U

p111 11Mll Il111Dial 2-6264
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