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July 13, 1961 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1961-07-13

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See Page 2

C r

gilt 43U


Possible chance of

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom


Asks Vote
On Berlin
BERLIN (P)-Chancellor Kon-
rad Adenauer traveled 110 miles
behind the Iron Curtain yesterday
for a rare visit to threatened West
He proposed West Berliners a
vote on the future of their own
The chancellor and the Berlin
Senate in a 1% -hour conference
agreed a referendum on the city's
future would be useful, a Senate
spokesman said. He said Adenauer
brought up the subject.
Proposal Dropped
A similar proposal to test citi-
zen reaction to the "free city"
plan of Soviet Premier Khrush-
chev was discussed more than a
year ago but was never carried
In Bonn the West German gov-
ernment declared free elections
throughout this divided nation
must precede a Soviet peace trea-
ty with Germany.
Replying to a Feb. 17 note from
Khrushchev proposing separate
peace treaties with West and Com-
munist East Germany, the Bonn
government said a treaty must be
made with a legitimate German
government freely elected by all
Bonn Reply
The Bonn reply, delayed while
consultations were undertaken
with West Germany's North At-
lantic Treaty Organization allies,
"The time for conclusion of a
peace treaty, therefore, depends on
the readiness of the government
4 of the Soviet Socialist Republics
to allow the German people to
exercise the right of self-deter-
mrination. "
Adenauer assured welcomers at
Tempelhof Airport his visit would
demonstrate the close ties between
West Berlin and West Germany at
a time when tensions are building
up around the isolated city. He
flew here in a United States Air
Force plane since West German
planes are not allowed to use the
air corridors to Berlin.
Opposes Brandt
Mayor Willy Brandt of West
Berlin and the chancellor are op-
ponents in the September national
elections and their greeting at
Tempelhof was polite and without
particular enthusiasm.
The East German Communists
have objected to Adenauer's visit
as a provocation. Their official
news agency ADN declared his
words of assurance to West Ber-
liners at the airport gave the event
a "provocative and peace-destroy-
ing character."
Adenauer's visit coincides with
a rising tide of refugees fleeing
East Germany under stepped-up
Communist pressure. More than
1,000 arrive in West Berlin daily.
Cohen Seeks
Social Security
Benefit Hikes
WASHINGTON (-,P)- The ad-
ministration yesterday urged Con-
gress to reconsider increased
Social Security benefits for the
Prof. Wilber J. Cohen of the
social work school, Assistant Sec-
retary of Welfare, told a Senate
study group "fewer than one in
four persons 65 or age or older

had as much as $2,000 in money
income in 1960." He said more
than half of them had less than
$1,000 income.
"I believe we can and must con-
tinue to improve the retirement
income of our aged," he said.
Cohen gave his testimony at the
start of hearings by a subcom-
mittee of the special Senate com-
mittee on aging. This group, under
the chairmanship of Sen. George
A. Smathers (D-Fla), is studying
retirement income problems of the
Smathers and Cohen both cAlcd
for special emphasis on providing
a better income for elderly sjin-
sters and widows, but the study
will cover the incomes of all elder-
ly persons.
Cohen said the Welfare Depart-
ment will submit next year a pro-
gram of bills in the public assist-
ance field. The old age assistance

-AP wirephoto
JOINT SESSION--President Ayub Khan of Pakistan addressed
joint session of Congress yesterday as Vice-President Lyndon
Johnson and House Speaker Sam Rayburn preside. Khan is
seeking support and aid from the United States.,
AybAsksu U.S. Aid
For Its Pakistan Ally
SWASHINGTON (A)-Pakistan's President Ayub Khan told a joint
meeting of Congress yesterday the United States cannot afford to stop
providing assistance to his country and other similar nations.
For 50 minutes the Pakistan leader, speaking flawless Sandhurst
(military school) English, spoke to the House and Senate on aid and
the state of democracy in his country.
Congressional reaction was favorable with the emphasis placed on
the candor with which Ayub spoke. "It was the finest baring of the

Stern Pose,I
Arms Asked
By DeGaulle
Berlin Dangers Cited
In Television Speech
PARIS' ()-President Charles
de Gaulle declared last night the
West must not bow to Russia's
demands on Berlin, and he grimly
warned that a Soviet-style inter-
national crisis is in the making.
He told a nation wide television
audience France must speedily
purchase modern armaments.
Part of the necessary funds, he
said, will come from shortening
the length of French draftee's
military service by an unspecified
number of weeks. He envisaged the
program as starting in September
but gave no details.
Accuses Russia
De Gaulle accused Russia of
calling for peace "while formulat-
ing requirements which threaten
to put it in danger."
"The Soviets are renewing their,
threat of unilaterally settling the
fate of Berlin . . . if Washington,
London and Paris do not give up1
the present status of the town as-
required by Moscow," he said.
The French President vigorous-
ly restated his stand on France's
gravest problem-the dragged-out
Algerian rebellion.
Offers Vote
Once again he offered to or-
ganize a self-determination vote
in the North African territory
",with the Algerian political ele-
ments and in particular with the
leaders of the insurrection."
He warned, however, that if Al-
geria 's association with France is
impossible "then, finally, France
must regroup, in a few particular
zones ... those of the inhabitants
who refuse to become a part of a
state fhich is doomed to chaos."
This was a reference to parti-
tioning Algeria to protect the one
million European settlers and
those Moslems who have thrown
in their lot with France.
Tell Newburgh
Not To Begin
Welfare Switch
ALBANY, N. Y. (P) - The state
commissioner of social welfare
yesterday ordered Newburgh of-
ficials not to carry out 13 new,
stringent welfare proposals set
to become effective Saturday.
Commissioner Raymond W.
Houston issued the directive to
Newburgh City Manager Joseph
Mitchell and acting city welfare
commissioner Mrs. Doris Harding.
"These proposals, if carried out,"
Houston said, "would set up an
illegal program around unfortu-
nate men, women and children;
and even if not carried out, they
constitute psychological warfare
against the needy and helpless."
Asked what action would be
taken if Newburgh rejected the
order, a state social welfare board
spokesman said the full board
would take up the matter.
Earlier, Newburgh Mayor Wil-
liam D. Ryan asked Gov. Rocke-
feller to step in and help stop the
city's welfare program.
The governor's office said it had
no immediate comment.
At the center of the issue, which
has drawn attention across the
country, are a set of proposals
that would tighten welfare roles
in Newburgh and, the state says,
ignore state and federal laws.

New Capital




NAACP Meets with Kennedy

Two Moons
Reach Orbit
By The Associated Press
The United States put a pair of
watchful eyes in space yesterday-
a satellite to spot missiles the
moment they are fired and another
to hunt hurricanes.
Up from Point Arguello, Calif.,
went Midas III, first missile-alarm
satellite, into a 1,850-mile-high
orbit, a record for a circular path
although satellites have gone
higher in oval orbits.- Midas III
orbits every 2 hours and 40 min-
utes and its path takes it over
Midas III is a 500-pound, 30-
foot long space scout with an in-
fra red eye which can sense heat
from a missile's exhaust and re-
port it.
On a day of spectacular United
States space success the Cape
Canaveral, Fla., team put up a
hurricane-hunting satellite in a
near perfect launch. It is in an
almost circular orbit ranging from
50 to 425 miles at high and low
Called Tiros III, this satellite
weighs 285 pounds and carries
cameras and sending equipment
to relay cloud pictures back to
earth. On its first pass around the
globe, it took and transmitted 35
pictures. The special aim of this
project is to develop information
on the cause and movement of

mind and heart of a chief of state
I have heard in 30 years in Con-
gress," commented Sen. Richard
B. Russell (D-Ga), chairman of
the Senate Armed Services Com-
mittee. "I didn't agree with every-
thing he said, of course."
Sen. Alexander Wiley (R-Wis),
a senior member of the Foreign
Relations Committee, called Ayub
"a super salesman." Chairman J.
W. Fulbright (D-Ark) of the Sen-
ate Foreign Relations Committee
said "he was frank and outspoken;
I only hope we are equally as
frank in talking with him."
Ayub appeared before the joint
session afternspending an sour
and 40 minutes with Presidnt
John F. Kennedy at the White
House discussing the econormic ce-
velopment of his country.
Defer Talk
A scheduled talk on Kashinr
and relations with India was de-
ferred until Thursday, the final
day of his state visit.
Ayub told Congress that in the
event of real trouble "there is no
other country in Asia where you
can put your foot in."
"The only people who willstaEd
by you are the people of Pakistan."
he said, with a burst of applause
in errupting his sentence.
Gives Proviso
When the applause died down
Ayub added: ". . . provided .na are
of course ready to stand by the
people of Pakistan.".
Ayub urged the United States
not to take any steps which would
aggravate Pakistan's problems or
jeopardize its security.
Pakistan has claimed that the
flow of United States economic as-
sistance to India already has im-
periled Pakistan's security.

WASHINGTON (M)-Negro lead-
ers told President John F. Ken-
nedy yesterday-apparently with-
out sufficient persuasion-that thej
"absence of a clear call from you"
for civil rights legislation this
year has been a source of dis-
may to those working for it. j
A delegation for the annual con-1
vention of the National Associa-
tion for the Advancement of Col-
ored People conferred with Ken-
nedy in his White House study.,
They came away with no concrete
assurances that the President
would do anything about a bid to
Congress for civil rights legisla-
tion in the current session.,
Nlew Pacts
Add Trouble
WASHINGTON (A) - The new
mutual assistance pacts Russia
and Red Chinarhave signed with
North Korea are adding to the
potential trouble areas which must
be taken into account in the cur-
rent reassessment of United States
military ability.
The .Pentagon emphasizes that
the rush-order review ordered by
President John F. Kennedy last
Saturday is not based exclusively
on or limited to the danger of a
new West Berlin crisis.
"There are places all over the
world where we may be asked to
be in a position where we will
have to take more military action
than we have today," Deputy Sec-
retary of Defense Roswell L. Gil-
patric told newsmen Tuesday.
The review involves all types of
conventional forces-ground, Navy
and air-"which may be utilized
or deployed in connection with
the world situation," Gilpatric ex-
He did not mention specific
places on which the new scrutiny
is aimed. But to the long list he
presumably had in mind-Cuba,
Africa, the Middle East, Southeast
Asia, the Far East-there had
come during recent days the mat-
ter of the Red mutual assistance
pacts with North Korea.
How much these pacts are based
on political situations and prestige
and how much on actual military
interest is confused. But the Unit-
ed States defense leaders must
look at the possibilities from the
purely military viewpoint.
Defensively or offensively East-
ern Siberia presents someprob-
lems for Russia, as well as advan-
For offensive, the Soviet Union
is able to maintain a powerful
garrison of land, sea and air
forces in a position for moving
comparatively short distances to
United States territory. At the
same time for defense the deploy-
ment of these forces mean Russia
is in position to keep military
guard against some possible fu-
ture day when an Asian ally might
defect. China is just across the
border and so is Red North Ko-

In fact, presidential press sec-
retary Pierre Salinger said that so
far as he knows Kennedy is un-
changed in his position that "suf-
ficient civil rights legislation is on
the books, if it is adequately en-
forced." He said the administra-
tion is going to attempt to en-
force it.
President Unchanged
"Whether today's m e e t i n g
changed his mind," Salinger said,
"I do not know."
But Roy Wilkins, executive sec-
retary of the NAACP, told report-
ers that "I don't know that you
can tell" whether Kennedy will
request action at this session. He,
too, said that Kennedy had spok-
en of enforcing existing laws and
efforts already made in that di-
To a question whether there
was any explanation of why the
chief executive had not asked for
legislation this year, Wilkins re-
plied: "He didn't give any black
and white statement on it."
Visit Washington
The NAACP recessed its na-
tional convention in Philadelphia
to send 1,250 people to Washing-
ton to call on Congress members
9nd on Kennedy.
Nearly 70 turned up at the
White House, includin gthe NAA-
Jail Riders
In Arkansas
LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (A) - Four
freedom riders changed their
minds and returned to jail here
last night after earlier agreeing to
stop their tour of the south in
exchange for suspended fines and
jail sentences.
One of the four, the Rev. John
C. Raines, 27, of Setauket, N. Y.,
said the group discussed the mat-
ter and decided that to leave would
be giving up something they be-
lieved was right.
Raines said he assumed they
would begin serving six-month
They were arrested Monday
night when they stopped here en
route from St. Louis to Shreve-
port and New Orleans, La.
Municipal Judge Quinn Glover
yesterday morning convicted the
four on breach of peace charges
but said he would suspend their
six-month terms and $500 fines
if they would go home.

Legislators May Consider

CP board of directors and state
The board chairman, Stephen
G. Spottswood of Washington, re-
cited approvingly various execu-
tive actions Kennedy has taken in
the civil rights field and actions
in the administrative branch.
But he said:
Buttress Action1
"There is urgent need to but-
tress executive action with legis-
lative action in the Congress.
"The absence of a clear call
from you for its enactment has
been a source of dismay to those
working for civil rights. In view
of the specific and unequivocal
pronouncements of the platform
on which you were elected, and
in the light of your own promise
of last fall to employ legislative
action, also, to achieve civil rights
goals, there is grave concern over
the prospect that, without support
from the White House, there may
be no congressional action on the
urgently-needed bills now in var-
ious stages of unreadiness.".
While the NAACP callers obvi-
ously got no pledge of the kind of
support they sought, various ones
spoke up in agreement when Wil-
kins remarked.:
President 'Receptive'
"I can't emphasize too much
that he (Kennedy) was receptive
and responsive. But, as to what
his exact attitude on civil rights
legislation is for this session ...,
that's for him to say."
Spottswood was asked whether
he was statsfied with the reception
the group got from Kennedy and
replied. "We're always satisfied
when we talk with the President."
The White House conference,
the participants said, lasted about
20 minutes.
Leaders See Kennedy
Before the NAACP leaders met
with Kennedy, more than 1,000
convention delegates assembled in
the auditorium of the new Senate
office building to hear several con-
Sen. Joseph S. Clark (D-Pa)
said that Kennedy has pushed
most of his legislative program
through Congress. The time had
come, therefore, to "keep his
promise" on civil rights legislation,
Clark said.
But he added that he doubted
a civil rights bill would pass Con-
gress this year.
Sen. Paul H. Douglas (D-Ill),
Sen. Jacob K. Javits (R-NY), Rep.'
Emanuel Celler (D-NY) and Wil-
kins also addressed the delegates.

See Chances
Of Doubling
Building Rate
Morris Says State
May Give Colleges
Over $100 Million
State lawmakers are consider-
ing a plan to double capital out-
lay for higher education for the
next five years, Sen. Carlton H.
Morris (R-Kalamazoo) said last
Morris, who heads a special in-
terim Senate committee, said the
Legislature would "very likely" get
a recommendation for a long-
range spending program in excess
of $100 million.
"The Legislature usually ap-
propriates about $20 million an-
nually for capital outlay in the
nine state supported colleges,
Morris explained. "This new pro-
gram would provide an equal
amount in addition to this fig-
ure, so that we could double the
rate of construction."
New Taxes
The multi-million dollar pro-
posal will probably be. financed
by a new tax program, Morris
said, but he would give no de-
tails on the tax.
Citing the state's "generous"
provision for education, Morris
"We intend to see that it con-
tinues to do so, but we are all
through spending money we don't
have. It is time to start a pay-as-
you-go program."
Distribute Funds
Morris, a GOP conservative,
said distribution of the added
funds would be "worked out as we
go along" to accommodate the in-
creasing number of college-bound
state students.
"My estimates of the actual in-
crease is less than that of some
educators who believe we'll have
twice as many students in 1970 as
we have now. I do know, however,
we will have a lot more. And we
will have to build a lot more."
The recommendation would have
to wait until the full Legislature
reconvenes in January.
Cuba Receives
MIG Planes
From' Soviets
WASHINGTON (a) - The Fidel
Castro regime in Cuba has ac-
quired MIG jets, official sources
said yesterday.
The MIGS are the first Soviet
aircraft based in this hemisphere.
The build-up of air power fol-
lows many months of heavy pur-
chases by the Havana government
of guns, tanks and other war gear
chiefly from Iron Curtain coun-
News of the acquisition of an
undetermined number of jet air-
craft coincides with reports that
Latin American nations, particu-
larly in the Caribbean area, have
been revising and modernizing de-
fense plans.
One expert here said the MIG
jet is primarily a defensive fighter
plane. But he added that it can
be a very destructive, mean weap-
on when rockets, napalm or other
bombs are mounted. It already has
very considerable fire power from
several cannon.
The newspaper El Siglo of Bo-
gota, Colombia, said recently Cas
tro's air force received 26 MIG

Sjets It was this reoprttat Uited
States officials confirmed yester-:
day, adding that the actual num-
ber may be greater than 26.
I Police Nip Plot
Imo. Guatemala

UAW Asks GM To Assume
Cost of Health Insurance
DETROIT (AP)-The United Auto Workers Union asked General
Motors Corp. yesterday to pay the full cost of a $58.4 million health
care program covering 310,000 hourly workers and their families.
UAW members at GM plants now pay half the cost. GM figured
its share last year totaled $29.2 million.
The union also proposed in negotiations on a new labor contract,
that GM assume payment of hospital-surgical-medical insurance for
"25,868 retired employes and their
families. Retired workers now pay
the full cost of group health in-


StdntSrvcsShif o A ddition
::;<:::t:_________________':-.All but one of the offices to be housed in the addition to
___._,___......_________.____ the Student Activities Building are in operation there now.
A sub-station of the cashier's office will make the move shortly
to complete the occupation of the new $975,000 three-story ad-
dition to the SAB. The Student Employment Office, and the Office
'{4of Religious Affairs have been in operation there since early in the
Additional Moves
The Office of Admissions, the Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information and the office of Veterans' Affairs moved
in this week.
The addition provided over 35,000 square feet of floor area

-w..Heavy Burden

"The retired worker," the UAW
said, "carries even a heavier bur-
den in maintaining health insur-
ance than does the active worker
and his coverage should be paid
for completely by the corpora-
The union said it will present
the same proposals for full health
insurance coverage to Ford, Chrys-
ler and American Motors.
In bargaining talks at Ford yes-
terday, the UAW demanded a
voice in the company's decisions
on location and relocation of fac-
No Unilateralism
"The union does not believe,"


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