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July 08, 1961 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1961-07-08

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See, Page 2

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom

&4 t114

Continuing cool
this evening



NAME'S THE SAME-Lane Hall, long the site of the Office of Re-
ligious Affairs, will find new tenants in September when the Music
School moves its facilities into the structure kitty-corner from
the Frieze Bldg.
Music School Plans
Move to Lane Hall
The music school will completely take over Lane Hall this fall
when the Office of Religious Affairs shifts its location to the new
Student Activities Bldg. addition.
This small expansion of the school's facilities .will give it rooms
in 13 buildings on or around campus, Dean James B. Wallace said
yesterday. It will not provide for the instruction of more student,
and will "absolutely not" cancel

West Drafts
Berlin Note
To Russians
Western Big Four powers yester-
day completed the draft of thei
proposed answer to Soviet Premie
Nikita Khrushchev's latest pro-
nouncement on West Berlin.
Officials said the proposed joint
reply will be sent to Paris, perhaps
today, for a final checkover by
the North Atlantic Treaty Or-
ganization for being sent to Mos-
cow, probably late next week.
Authoritative sources said the
West stands firm on the Western
rights to West Berlin but leaves
the door open for further discus-
sions with the Soviets on the cold
war danger spot.
Representatives from the Brit-
ish, French and West German
embassies met with Secretary of
State Dean Rusk in late after-
noon to complete on the note
which will be a response to the
Soviet memorandum handed to
the United States during Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy's meeting
with Khrushchev at Vienna.
Khrushchev's declared intent to
sign a peace treaty with Com-
munist East Germany at the end
of this year is viewed by the
United States and its allies as a
Red move tooust the Western
powers from Berlin.
The allies were reported fully
united on their reply to Khrush-
The West takes the position
that instead of centering on the
Berlin problem there shrould be
a broader settlement providing a
permament solution of the whole
German problem, t ased on the
principle of self-determination of
the peoples involved.
Kennedy called Rusk, Secretary
of Defense Robert S. McNamara
and Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor,
White House military adviser, to
a meeting today on Berlin at Hy-
annis Port, Mass.
East Germans
Impose New
BERLIN (P')-East Berlin's
Communist rulerssacted yesterday
against two Western attractions
still within reach of their citizens
- well-paying jobs and anti-
Communist radio programs.
Mayor Friedrich Ebert's East
Berlin government warned 50,000
East Berliners who work in the
West that they must obey Com-
munist law. They are required to
register their place of work with
Communist authorities.
The East Berliners also were
told they had no right to new
apartments if they took jobs in
West Berlin.
There are persistent reports
that Communist authorities, short
of manpower themselves, want to
end the practice of crossing the
sector border to work. Jobs in
West Berlin are much better paid
than in the East, and there is
much more to buy.
It was Ebert who Thursday told;
the Red-ruled People's Chamber
that disorder in the East German
supply system is "impossible andi









Airline Route
May Connect
yU.S., Moscow
WASHINGTON (A)-After sev-
eral years of thinking about it, the
United States and Russia again
are ready to start discussing a di-
rect commercial air route between
New York and Moscow.
The State Department an-
nounced yesterday the talks will
start in Washington July 18.
Heading the American negotia-
tors will be James M. Landis,
President John F. Kennedy's ad-
viser on regulatory agencies and a
former chairman of the Civil Ae-
ronautics Board.
Leading the Russian group will
be Col. Gen. Yevgeni F. Loginov,
boss of Soviet civil aviation and
airline Aeroflot.
Sitting in as an observer will be
a representative of Pan American
World Airways, which has the
CAB's certificate to fly to Moscow
if the route opens up.
Air travelers between the United
States and Russia now must
change planes at intermediate
points. Americans have been visit-
ing the Soviet Union at about the
rate of 15,000 a year. Only a few
hundred Russians have been com-
ing this way.
The Soviets have a giant four-
enginer turbo-prop airliner, the
TU 114, which is able to negotiate
the New York-Moscow hop of
about 5,000 miles nonstop. The
Americans have jets which can go
the distance.
The new date for the talks is a
year to the day later than talks
once scheduled before. The July
18, 1960, meeting was called off:
by the United States at the last
minute in the wake of the U2 affair
and the Soviet shooting down of
a US RB47 reconnaissance plane.
United States officials described
the air talks as technical discus-
sions and declined to view there as
having any major impact on the
bigger cold war political issues.
The idea of a direct New York-
Moscow air link was included in a
1958 United States-Soviet cultural
exchange and again in a similar
1959 agreement.
Radio Caribe
Studio Burned
Republic (R?)-- Dominican police
opened fire last night on a surging
antigovernment mob that marched
through the streets with incendi-
ary candles and burned down the
studio of Radio Caribe.
The popular demonstration was
unprecedented in the 31-year Tru-
jillo political dynasty.

cU' To Study Liquid Metals

' I

The University has received a
$199,000 contract to study the
transfer of heat by boiling liquid
metals, a study that could have
practical use in small nuclear re-
actors and space power systems, it
was announced yesterday. ,
The Aeronautical Systems Divi-
sion of the Wright Patterson Air
Force Base made the award for a
20-month program which will
include both analytical and exper-
imental studies by faculty and
graduate student investigators.
Prof. Richard E. Balzhiser, of
the chemical engineering depart-
ment, project director, said that
the liquid metals to be studied in-
clude sodium, potassium, mercury,
lithium and rubidium.
"Our job will be to try to pre-
dict the behavior of the liquid
metals at boiling temperatures.
Tile Air Force is concerned with
the application of the study with
an eye towards obtaining com-
plete vaporization of the liquid.
"The vapor would then be pass-
ed through turbines to generate
electricity," Prof. Balzhiser ex-
The liquid metals have received
attention lately for possible use
in transferring heat from nuclear
reactors because they have low
vapor (or gas) pressures at the

high temperatures (around 1,000
to 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit) at
which the reactors operate.
Steam, by contrast, would have
extremely high vapor pressures at
such temperatures and would nec-
essitate heavy-walled containers.
Prof. Balzhiser said the Air
Force is also considering the use
of the liquid metals in space ve-
hicle power-conversion systems,
such as boilers.
The heat of nuclear energy, in
an orbiting space station for ex-
ample, might be used to vaporize
one of the liquid metals. From
here, it would go through the tur-
bine and then generate electri-
High operating temperatures al-
so make the discarding of waste
heat in space much easier. The

liquid metals would be circulated
through a radiator, as water is
circulated through the radiator of
an automobile.
It is necessary, however, to keep
such a radiator as small as pos-
sible to minimize the possibility
of its being punctured by micro-
meteorites, Prof. Balzhiser said.
Relatively high operating tem-
peratures simplify this difficulty
to some extent as the radiator
size decreases with the increase
in operating temperatures.
The University research team
will also study the effects of vary-
ing gravitational fields on the
boiling process of the liquid met-
als. Such investigations will in-
volve gravitational forces ranging
from zero to several times the pull
of the Earth's gravity.

ofteEat' gaiy
Senator Disapproves Sales
Of U.S. Rockets to Arabs,
WASHINGTON R')-The United States is allowing private manu-
facturers to sell weather rockets to the United Arab Republic, and
at least one senator is strongly opposed.
The announcement was made yesterday by the State Department
after negotiations for the rockets were reported by the New York
Sale of rockets to the UAR will give the Middle Eastern nation
rockets similar to the one developed by Israel. Israel, a neighbor and
enemy of the UAR, launched its


Says Leaders
'Play Possum'
with Aid Bill
lican member said yesterday Dem-
ocratic House leaders are "just
playing possum" with the adminis-
tration's $2.5 billion federal aid to
education bill.
"It's supposed to be dead," Rep.
John M. Ashbrook (R-Ohio) said,
"but I think they're just building
it up so it will look like a great
Kennedy victory."
Ashbrook, who is opposed to
President John F. Kennedy's aid
to education program, said the key
to the strategy is apparent in the
statements of Democratic leaders,
"They all say the only hope for
reviving the bill lies with the
President," he said in an inter-
view. "When they beat the drums
on how bad something is and then
bring it out, it makes them look
The general school aid bill now
is tied up in the House Rules Com-
mittee, which held up action on it
until two other bills dealing with
education also were ready. One of
these, the National Defense Educa-
tion Act, which has been amended
to provide loans for private and
parochial schools. All three are
now awaiting Rules Committee ac-
UAW Requests
GM Add Jobs
DETROIT WI) -- The United
Auto Workers gave General
Motors Corp. yesterday eight pro-
posals to create more Jobs in the
auto industry. But union contract
negotiators said "We are open-
minded" and invited GM to come
up with its own suggestions.
The UAW's three main pro-
posals were a reduction in the
work week, work day or work year
without loss in pay.
In addition, the union sug-
gested longer vacations, more
paid holidays, industrial sabbati-
cals (leaves of absence such as

plans for a new music school build-
The proposed building has
headed the University's list of re-
quested structures presented to the
state Legislatures for the past few
years. "It will still have top prior-
ity next year," Vice-President and
Dean of Faculties Marvin L. Nie-
huss emphasized yesterday.
t More Space
The music school used about
half of Lane Hall for the past year
and the full use will add "just a
little more space," Wallace said.
The extra rooms, now undergo-
ing remodeling, may let the school
give aup the rooms it rents in the
Congregational Church and the
present accommodations in the
basement of Hill Aud.
Niehuss labelled the present
working conditions of the school
as "deplorable." He said that fac-
ulty has done a remarkable job in
spite of difficulties," but he fear-
ed that their "energy and nerves"
might be taxed by the "extreme
Share Office
Wallace explained that the
added rooms will enable the
school to reduce to two the num-
ber of facultyNmen sharing the
same office. "Now, four or five
may have to split a single desk
in a small office," he said.
The Legislature once approved
the construction of the proposed
$4.6 million music school and the
University received bids on it in
1956-57. But a moratorium on
state construction killed the plans.
Harold K. Duerksen, program
director for the religious affairs
office, said his office had not
made full use of Lane Hall and
looked forward with optimism to
the new location.
"We hope to operate more prof-
itably and be more convenient to
students then we are in the SAB.
We could have kept Lane Hall if
we insisted upon it, but planning
over the last two years pointed to
our present move."
Extend Order
On Ship Strike
NEW YORK (A) - A temporary
restraining order which suspended
the national maritime strike Mon-

America Hits
Soviet Stalling
On Test Ban
WASHINGTON ()-The United
States accused Russia yesterday
of obstructing negotiations for a
nuclear test ban agreement and
trying to blind the world to its
true purpose.
In a statement issued by the
State Department, the United
States also called on the Soviet
government to reverse its position
and "join the United States and
the United Kingdom in their de-
termined efforts to bring an end
to the testing of nuclear weap-
There was no real hope appar-
ent here that the Soviet Union
would, in fact, heed the request
and agree to put new life into the
completely stalled nuclear test ban
conference at Geneva. On the
contrary, indications were that
the United States, Britain and
Russia, who started the negotia-
tions in the late fall of 1958, have
about come to the end of the road
in that particular conference.
The United States blast was
prompted by the publication in
Moscow of a new note to Wash-
ington on the subject of negotia-
tions for ending nuclear weapons
testing. Soviet Premier Nikita
Khrushchev is insisting that the
nuclear test issue be merged into
a proposed new conference on
general disarmament. President
John F. Kennedy has turned down
that proposition.
In the new note, Russia accused
the United States of trying to
"justify, in the eyes of public
opinion, the resumption of nu-
clear tests" and of seeking excuses
for "burning the bridges to agree-
ment on the prohibition of such

first weather rocket Wednesday.
The approval of the sale to the
UAR drew prompt protest from
Sen. Kenneth B. Keating (R-
In telegrams to Secretary of
State Dean Rusk and Secretary
of Commerce Luther H. Hodges,
Keating said, "based on the past
belligerent record of the UAR, I
have serious reservations about
how these rockets may be used."
But Lincoln White, State De-
partment press officer, said the
UAR had assured the United
States that the rockets would be
used only for meteorological tests.
The United States approval of
the deal involved issuing licenses
for the sale and export of the
White was unable to say how
many rockets were ordered or
what the name of the manufac-
turer is.
Southern Unit
Plans Study
BATON ROUGE (P)-A 41-man
steering committee yesterday
launched the Southern Conference
of Municipal Officials, which one
mayor said could use political
power to gain area recognition
and objectives.
Mayor Allen Thompson, of
Jackson, Miss., target city of in-
tegrationist "Freedom Riders,"
said the group could become al-
most as strong as the NAACP.
Another founder insisted the or-
ganization should not be a single-
purpose group, but originally was
intended to concern itself with all
urban problems involved in the
South's rapid shift from farm to
industrial economy.

U.S. Scientists
Fear Testing
Of New Bomb
American scientists are concerned
over the apparent ease with which
the deadly neutron bomb could be
tested secretly.
Their main worry is that Russia
will develop the bomb while, the
United States continues to press
for a permanent ban on nuclear
That accounts in part for the
24-hour-a-day construction of a
sprawling complex of tunnels at
this Nevada test site. The Atomic
Energy Commission says it is pre-
paring for any use deemed neces-
sary if this country resumes nu-
clear testing.
There have been no nuclear tests
here since the United States
voluntarily suspended them 32
months ago. The Russians say they
haven't been testing either.
However, the neutron bomb now
being researched could easily be
tested in secret, particularly un-
derground, say scientists. This is
because the bomb would reportedly
involve only a small nuclear ex-
plosion. The weapon would kill and
maim by releasing a rain of radia-
tion poison, without the shattering,
searing effects of standard nuclear
and thermonuclear weapons.
The blast would be muffled by
its location in a large underground
cavity,. such as a deep salt cavern,
experts say.
The AEC refuses to comment
about the neutron bomb, but spec-
ulation is that research on it is
taking place at the AEC's radia-
tion laboratory at Livermore, Cal.,
birthplace of the hydrogen bomb-.

Also Defeats
UIAR Motion
British Move Fails;
Outcome Unresolved
After 4 Day Debate
Soviet Union killed by veto yes-
terday a British resolution urging
the United Nations Security Coun-
cil to guaraitee the independence
of Kuwait.
The veto was followed by de-
feat of a United Arab Republic
resolution demanding immediate
withdrawal of British troops from
the oil rich desert sheikdom.
The 11-nation council thus
wound up four days of debate un-
able to agree on any course of ac-
tion to settle the dispute set off
by Iraq's claim to Kuwait.
Defeat Resolution
Soviet Delegate Platon D. Moro-
zov cast the 95th veto by his
country in the council to defeat
the British resolution calling upon
all states to respect Kuwait's in-
dependence and territorial integ-
rity. It also took note of British
pledges to remove troops when-
ever the ruler of Kuwait con-
sidered the threat to his country's
security ended.
The United States, Britain,
France, Liberia, Turkey, China and
Chile voted for the resolution. The
UAR, Ecuador and Ceylon ab-
stained. It won the required seven
vote majority, but the lone nega-
tive vote by the Soviet Union con-
stituted a big power veto that
killed it.
Only the UAR, Ceylon and the
Soviet Union voted for the UAR
resolution. All other council mem-
bers abstained.
Frustrate Attempt
Obviously angered, British dele-
gate Sir Patrick Dean declared
that "Once again in the whole
sorry course of the Soviet delega-
tion we have seen the frustration
of a proposal in this council to al-
leviate tension."
He asserted that in the absence
of any specific action . a serious
situation still existed. He put the
council on notice to expect another
emergencydmeeting if conditions
He said the debate would have
some value if it slowed down
Iraq's "annexationist policies
against a small nation."
Legalize Presence
Morozov, speaking in rebuttal,
declared that the British absten-
tion on the UAR resolution ac-
tually amounted to a veto. He
declared the British sought to
legalize the presence of troops
in Kuwait by their resolution.
Omar Loutifi, the UAR delegate,
introduced his resolution as the
council met for the fourth time
since Sunday on the Kuwait ques-
tion. Kuwait hadhrequested the
council meeting.
Offer Kassem
Peace Talks
Or 'Stiff' Fight
KUWAIT (A') - Kuwait's army
commander in chief declaredmyes-
terday Premier Abdul Karim Kas-
sem of Iraq can have peace talks
or a good stiff fight-whichever
he wants.
Charging Kassem is continuing
his military buildup, Brig. Sheik
Mubarak Al Jabar Al Sabah told
correspondents: "We are ready for
everything. If Kassem wants to
fight we will fight. If he wants

peace talks we will talk."
Behind Mubarak's defiance was
a strong British force, called in
six days ago when Iraq threatened
to annex Kuwait, and what he
termed promises of bountiful help
from Saudi Arabia.
The last elements of Britain's
1st battalion, king's regiment-in-

Welfare Program Creates
Verbal Storm in New York
ALBANY, N.Y. (,P)-A stormy hearing on the legality of stringent,
new welfare rules adopted by the city of Newburgh in defiance of state
and federal officials broke up yesterday when nine city officials refused
to testify. Angry words flew.
One city official-the welfare commissioner-disagreed with the
others and testified that he could not legally enforce 10 of the city's 13
new rules. A court action by the State against the city appeared likely,
as interested parties throughout

birthplace of the hydrogen bomb.

the nation debate the issues.
Newburgh officials maintain that
a city crackdown is needed to pre-
serve the fiscal balance of the
Hudson Valley city of 31,000, and
to serve the community as a
whole. Critics of the plan call it
illegal, inhumane and discrimina-
tory against Negroes, who are pre-
dominant among the welfare cases.
A state witness testified that the
state could lose $150 million to
$200 million in federal welfare aid,
if one welfare district, such as
Newburgh, did not comply with the
Federal Social Security law.
City Manager Joseph Mitchell
and eight other cift nii1 swho

University Hopes for Theatre Group

The University hopes to move
toward the creation of an "aca-
demic-professional" theatre with-
in the speech department, Prof.
William M. Sattler, head of the
department, said yesterday.
As a part of this eventual pro-
gram Robert C. Schnitzer, re-

! tablishing a repertory group in
Ann Arbor, there was considera-
tion of it as a separate entity.
"My hope is that whatever pro-
fessional theatre we have is not
divorced from learning," he com-
One plan, now being considered,
is establishment of a graduate

until his death in 1956. Prof.
Windt, as a University faculty
member for 28 years, was direc-
tor of the professional productions
staged during the annual Univer-
sity drama season.
"We are trying to regain our
contacts," Sattler commented.
Schnitzer will begin an evalua-
+n nav+ faln +1 Aai-a.'vvr niaft

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