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August 01, 1961 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1961-08-01

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Seventy-First Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
"Where Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Trutb Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. 0 Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

"Throw That Away, Girl-It Will Addle Your Mind"
~*
Y I a
r &
* L

COLLEGIUM MUSICUM:
Viols, Brass, Flute Star
In Concert of Old Music
FOR THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, the scene was a bit strange. For
here was a more-than-capacity crowd filling the hall on a hot eve-
ning to hear music as much as four hundred years old played on
extinct instruments. Result: pure enjoyment.
Following on the heels of last week's polished Baroque Trio con-
cert, last night's Collegium Musicum was much broader in scope, in
terms of type of instrument, type of music, and range of musical history
presented. Arranged more or less chronologically, the program ranged
from a Gabrielli brass ensemble to old Dutch dances played by a viol
quartet, and included such highlights as a late seventeenth century

'.

TUESDAY, AUGUST 1, 1961 NIGHT EDITOR: RUTH EVENHUIS
Texas Regents
Betray Principles, Promise
DESPITE STRONG APPEALS from students around the breakfast.,table or over the water
and faculty, the regents of the University cooler.
of Texas have succumbed to public "sentiment"
and halted further desegregation on the Austin THE CAMPUS wants more integration (as
the poll shows) and is probably prepared
Southwest Conference athletics and unmixed for it. The Daily Texan reports that "in the
dormitories will remain segregated another last year, there seemed to be a lessening of
year and continue on this basis "until the tension on the campus, and everywhere a more
people of Texas are ready for a change," re- genuine spirit of willing accep'tance."
gent chairman Thorton Hardie explained last The regents themselves promised "complete
week. integration" in July, 1955 and began admitting
The regents disregarded a packet of resolu- Negro undergraduates in September of the
tions and petitions by students and faculty next year.
members which asked that additional integra- They are already committed to a policy of
tion be carried forward. One of the resolutions total integration. They do not have to advocate
was the conclusions of an impartial random progress for everyone else. They need only
poll of all the students, conclusively demon- act on -what they feel is right.'
strating that a majority wanted integration. If, after last week's action, the regents pro-
An examination of the expressed motives claim they still adhere to a principle, it is one
of the regents' action shows a too-ready con- which claims an action is right if approved
cern to give up principles in the face of politi- by a majority of the society.
cal expedience, an all too common failing of
the governing boards of state universities. THE MAJORITY, obviously, is not always
impartial and hardly ever fully aware of
THE REGENTS claimed they had to be "con- the relevant facts about any problem, par-
cerned" with the wishes of the people of ticularly one as emotionally charged as inte-
Texas and their elected representatives. They gration.
felt they have "probably gone further than a Would the regents be willing to accept
majority of the citizens and the members of majority rule on everything? Would they be
the legislature would approve." content to take polls of public opinion and
Why mention the legislature in the first vote precisely as the surveys indicate senti-
place? Are the regents devoted to improving mentalities?
the conditions and climate of education or Of course not. The regents would then be
to calming the fluttering pulses of state politi- unnecessary. By historical tradition, legislative
cos? Do they fear a devotion to equal oppor- decree and assumption of duty, the men who
tunities for all will hurt the university when fill these policy-making roles are more aware
appropriations time comes around? of the problems of education, more concerned
And why their anxiety about what the people with them, and, one hopes, better equipped to
as a mass will feel? The regents may very well deal with them than the mass.
fear that they won't be able to continue in If the Texas regents accept the sentiment
office past their present terms if they anger of the people as right, they must accept that
or fail to appease the majority of the state's majority opinion on all issues. Specifically in
citizenry. But the regents have failed, it seems, this one, they must deny their previous pledge
to employ a reliable indication of what public of complete integration and declare their past
opinion really is. They made no poll, but fell reasoning fallacious.
back on personal feelings, what they heard
BUT THE REGENTS have not done this.
They still say they want integration, only
it ought to wait a while. They argue that the
University of Texas is ahead of everybody else
in nonsegregation - and that others should
WITH VISITING PROFESSORS, Bargain catch up some.
Days, a booming language laboratory and We can relax and hold firm, especially since
an exhaustive study-in-depth of the Civil War moving ahead may initiate public disapproval,
enlivening the intellectual climate of Ann they claim.
Arbor, only one touch is missing from the pic- This rationalization is in part the philosophy
ture of a perfect summer campus -- a place to of Aesop's hare, in part that of a completely
study. other-directed panderer.
The Saturday library hours are ideal, but # Partial integration has worked at the Uni-
Sunday presents a problem because it is im- versity of Texas. The students and faculty
possible to take out a book or study in the want more. By continuing to adhere to prin-
library at all. ciples of equality and justice, the regents could
The libraries (or at least one of them) bring the rest of Texas along with them, in-
should be open until midnight during the week stead of waiting for the day (which will never
and at least one, preferably the general li- conie) when the rest of Texas is "ready".
brary, ought to be open Sunday afternoon. Leaders are always ready.
-J. OPPENHEIM -MICHAEL OLINICK

LAOS, VIETNAM: STATE:
Study Guerrilla Warfare Snow White

By E. W KENWORTHY
New York Times News Analyst
WASHINGTON, July 30-Devel-
opments in Laos and South
Vietnam have stimulated the
study of problems of guerrilla war-
fare by officials in the White
House and the State and Defense
Departments.
Communist methods in South
Vietnam show an example of the
problems faced.
A few weeks ago a South Viet-
namese Ranger (elite army) unit
raided a Communist "reception
center" on the Ho Chi Minh Trail
along the Laotian border. The
center was at a point where the
trail splits-one fork leading to
Cambodia, the other into South
Vietnam.
The Rangers found documents
showing that, in the four months
ending with May, about 2,800
Communist guerrillas-some North
Vietnamese Vietminh, some South
Vietnamese Viet Cong-had pass-
ed through the center.
* * *
THIS is the classic pattern, es-
tablished by Mao Tse-tung, the
Chinese Communist chief, by
which the Communists fight their
"wars of national liberation" in
under-developed areas. The pat-
tern calls for a sanctuary across
the border and the ability to make
incursions for hit-and-run at-
tacks, to melt into the country-
side and to retreat across the
border for regrouping and replen-
ishing supplies.
The dimensions of the guerrilla
problem for the government of
President Ngo Dinh Diem of South
Vietnam can be shown by a few
figures. It takes between ten and
twenty soldiers to control the ac-
tivities of one guerrilla.
The Viet Cong guerrillas are
now estimated to number 12,000.
They are taking 500-700 lives a
month in a systematic campaign
of assassination. Many of the vic-
tims are village chiefs and health,
agricultural and education offi-
cers.
IN THIS STRUGGLE. the Com-
munists hold most of the cards.

They are disciplined and operate
in a terrain favorable to guerrilla
activities. The South Vietnamese
officialdom is often weak, ineffi-
cient and corrupt. The society is
torn loose from its traditional
moorings and is aspiring uncer-
tainly for a better life.
However, there is one card the
Communists do not hold-time.
In a recent speech, which is
getting attention here, Walt W.
Rostow, a White House assistant,
set the terms of the struggle in
these words:
"Whatever Communist doctrine
of historical inevitability may be,
Communists know that their time
to seize power in the under-de-
veloped areas is limited. They
know that, as momentum takes
hold in an under-developed area
-and the fundamental social
problems inherited from the tra-
ditional society are solved-their
chances to seize power decline.
They are the scavengers of the
modernization process "
* * *
EFFECTIVE counter - action
against guerrillas requires a well-
trained, deterrent force and a vil-
lage administration that attends
to the welfare of the people.
Still, the United States can
help. For example, the United
States recently sent to South Viet-
nam 100 men from its Special
Forces Organization on Okinawa
to help train Vietnamese troops
in guerrilla warfare.
Under American urging, the
Vietnamese army is now putting
into operation a civic action pro-
gram -
* * *
ANOTHER ASPECT of the
problem is how to get the inter-
national community to recognize
subversion by guerrilla action as
a form of aggression and to take
action to deal with it.
Some would amend the United
Nations Charter to specify as a
form of aggression the sending of
guerrillas across international
boundaries and the direction of
guerralla warfare from outside a
sovereign state.
Copyright 1961, The New York Times

Not Bright
MOVIE TITLES can sometimes
be deceiving. However, with a
title like "Snow White and the
Three Stooges" there should be
no question.
The Three Stooges, recently re-'
vived via the flickering Rem-
brandt, are clearly comedians of
the slap-stick mold, very moldy
indeed. But their popularity with
the younger generation is clear. If
the movie is to take advantage of
this, the buffoons should be given
ample opportunity to display their
talents. Instead, they are cast as
three saccharine pitchmen who
are men-Friday to the hero and
heroine. Their humorous attempts
appear out of place and, for the
stooges and the film, this is dis-
astrous.
* * * ~
CAROL HEISS, skating star par
excellence, is a very pretty and
talented young lady - on the ice.
But take her out of her element
and, you should pardon the ex-
pression, she is like a fish out
of the water.
Edson Stroll is as convincing in
his role as Prince Charming as
the script will allow, but his words
seem out of a fairy tale and about
as real. Patricia Medina as the
wicked queen also delivers an
adequate performance, as do Guy
Rolfe and Michael David. But it
is almost unfair to criticize the
actors, since they were obviously
hampered from the beginning by
the direction and moronic lines.
On the ice it is a different mat-
ter. If the skating scenes could
have been lengthened and been
less restricted in area and rou-
tines, the picture would be much
better. As it is, the ice show
sequences are the best.
With minor variations in the
theme, with apologies to the
Brothers Grimm, the picture is
simply the story of Snow White.
Substitute the stooges for drawfs
and include a battle over a castle
and the techniclor plot is com-
plete.
-Michael Burns

German drinking song ("still your
filled!") accompanied by strings
and harpsichord, and the "Sonata
pan' e forte," by Gabrielli, which
balanced trumpets (aided by
French horn), against trombones
(plus tuba), creating an organ-
like effect.
One interesting method of pres-
entation which should not be over-
looked was the performing of the
same air in different instrumen-
tations. This was done both with
'Heinrich Issac's "Insbruck, ich
muss dich lassen" (Innsbruck, I
must leave thee) and "Bonnie
Sweet Robin."
* * *
THE CULMINATION of the eve-
ning's entertainment came after
the intermission, when Nelson
Hauenstein of the Baroque Trio,
Robert Courte of the Stanley
Quartet and John Flower, harpsi-
chordist, presented three full-scale
chamber works from the later
Baroque era. Mr, Hauenstein
started (most ably accompanied
by Mr. Flower) by playing a Han-
del flute sonata on a baroque flute,
borrowed from the University's
Stearns Collection of Musical In-
struments. The Baroque flute,
made of wood and lacking the
valves found on modern metal
flutes, poses special problems to
the performer, and it would be an
understatement to say that Mr.
Hauenstein overcame these admir-
ably.
* * *
THE VIOLA d'amore, which Mr.
Courte used in a sonata by Ariosti,
poses still more problems, since it
has not only one set of seven
strings that must be specially
tuned to fit the key, but also a sec-
ond set of sympathetic strings, be-
low the fingerboard, which, as the
name suggests, vibrate sympa-
thetically with the upper strings
to produce a richer sound.
These are only some of the
highlights of last night's concert.
Suffice it to say that more should
be heard along the lines of the
Collegium Musicum.
-Mark Slobin
+Peace ful
Coexistence
'THE TACTICAL UNILATERAL-
ism of contemporary Com-
munism clearly and forcefully ur-
ges for itself an almost unlimited
area of foreign political freedom
of action.
"Indeed this interpretation of
the cold war obviates the need for
an ultimate all-out hot war; the
means, aggressively designed and
skillfully carried out, will inevit-
ably devour the end. If the Com-
munist bloc is able and willing to
pursue its economic, cultural, poli-
tical and psychological cold war
patterns long enough and shrewd-
ly enough, the goals will be at-
tained peacefully and the need for
war will be dissipated, since no
antogonist will have survived to
extend into an uncertain future
the precarious principle of peace-
ful (or even of competitive co-
existence).
"'TROUVEZ LA FORMULE!'
was the battle cry of ninetenth
century diplomacy and Commun-
ism has successfully search for,
found and unhesitatingly exploited
the right diplomatic formula for+
the twentieth.+
"In the long run, 'peaceful co-
existence' is bound to still even
the noisy debate on war or peace;
it will render obsolete the former1
by achieving the latter - on So-
viet and Eastern European Com-1
munist terms."
-Andrew Gyorgy

ryearning, for I see glasses being
CAMPUS:
Flute'
Great, Sad
PERHAPS the only opportunity
ever to see a film in "Agascope"
now inheres in "The Flute and the
Arrow." Directed by Arne Sucks-
dorff, compatriot of Bergman,
"The Flute and the Arrow" re-
counts "a typical episode" in the
life of a small Muria tribe living
in the jungles of India.
Too many wailing, dancing lines
of tribesmen pounding drums and
an obvious and superfluous com-
mentary in an Englishman's Eng-
lish obscure the otherwise con-
siderable merits of the film. The
story line is almost as simple as
possible: a taboo is broken and
payment is exacted.
S * * *
THE EXACTING of the pay-
ment is told with not quite poetic
spareness, but the directness and
self-consistent logic in the se-
quence makes a great, sad tale.
The many portraits of faces-
uncorrupted, unsophisticated, and
unpretending - are perhaps the
chief merit of the film.
The closing sequence, a succes-
sion of still-lifes, is the finest spot
in the movie: the symbols of a
man, his flute, his bow, and his
arrow, are dissembled inevitably
as he has inevitably died.
These merits save "The Flute
and the Arrow" from the quagmire
of jungles and real-live natives
and beating drums and excitement
and danger, but fail to propel it
anywhere in particular.
Because the plot is actually no
more than a ,short story, the film
is short-in the context of what
precedes it, much too short.
THE MERITS of the main fea-
ture can be enjoyed only after
the unbelievable triteness, smoth-
ering folksiness, and nauseating
good clean sadistic fun of a Walt
Disney "Real Life Adventure"
about' a lobotomized farmer and
his accomplices who persecute
raccoons with a pack of mangy,
stupid escapees from the dog
pound.
Particularly objectionable is the
background score, which sounds
like every other background score
in the Walt Disney Real Life Ad-
venture series.
Again Walt Disney abuses the
magnificent technical facilities in
sight and sound available to him
to produce a cinema sin.
-Joel Cohen
Consensus
"IT APPEARS TO ME that the
liberal philosophy faces some-
thing of a dilemma in the mod,
ern democratic state for this rea-
son. Liberalism is committed to
individualism . . . This commit-
ment is probably the deepest mo-
tive that leads liberals and their
conservative allies in this consen-
sus to prefer democracy as a form
of government and to set the con-
sensus requisite for democracy at
a low level.
"The tendency of the liberal
mind is to push the requirement
of consensus as far as possible
downwards to the level of action.
For a state which demands of its
members only that they come to
some workable agreement on what
they want the state to do for
them has no claim to invade
the sanctuary of the individual
mind."
-Franis Canavan

J

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Germ of Hope in Manifesto

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
BY CONCENTRATING on attempts to collate
the new Russian Communist Manifesto
with Soviet cold war tactics and to assess the
Soviet ability to carry out its promised steps
toward real Communism, the West runs the
risk of overlooking a signpost of far greater
importance to the future.
The totalitarian government of the Soviet
Union, by presenting this program which it
has been long in the process of making, ad-
mits to the need for a new appeal to the in-
terests of the great non-communist majority
of the Soviet peoples.
B PROMISING to close the gap in living
standards between the ruling Communist
elite and, the peasants and workers of the na-
tion it recognizes a value which has been a
strong motivating factor in the development
of Western society.
And by recognizing this value the Soviet
government at least pays lip service-and it
is important that it feels the need to do so even
if it is only lip service-to the rights of indi-
viduals to a better life even within a mono-
lithic state.
And there is at least a hint of, or a hope of a
hint, that some of the objectives of the totali-
tarian state, such a material expansionism be-
yond its own borders which has been a tra-
ditional Russian and not merely Soviet policy,
may quietly if not openly be put on the back
burner for a while in favor of more immediate
attention to development at home.
IF SUCH A PHILOSOPHY is dawning in the
Soviet Union, if it is more than lip service
to serve some current political need, then there
is a step forward toward a philosophy which,
in a future you and I are not likely to witness,
would mean a lessening of the gap between

tive, it is necessar'y to realize that its content
and the fact that it is published at this time
are not calculated parts of current Soviet tac-
tics toward Berlin and other trouble points in
the cold war. Khrushchev has been pointing
toward something like this ever since he suc-
ceeded Stalin, and his piecemeal efforts to
step toward greater consumer production and
away from the police state need not be re-
counted here. Nor his effort to get away from
the Stalin-Leninist-Mao theories that world
revolution can come only through war The
fact is that the planning which produced the
new step toward real Communism began long
ago, and the coming manifesto was announced
months ago.
NONE OF THIS is intended to say that the
ultimate dangers to the world of the Com-
munist program have been eliminated, that the
West can safely indulge in any relaxation at
this point, or change its posture for military
deterrent and prosecution of economic war.
Indeed, such a relaxation would only be an
invitation to the Soviets to again revise their
system of priorities and return to unrelenting
and highly dangerous pressures against the
outside world. It does not even mean that
there will be any immediate outward relaxa-
tion in tactics toward the world.
But there is enough to revive the belief that
change in Soviet methods and objectives is
possible, over a very long period, and that the
old idea of containment while waiting for
better days may yet receive some vindication.
THE GREAT DANGER of Communism has
been that, as practiced in the so-called
Communist states and promoted by so-called,
international Communism, it has denied the
worth of man and subordinated it to the needs
of the state after a fashion which the original

I

-Michael Burns -Andrew Gyorgy -Francis Canavan

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