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July 21, 1964 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1964-07-21

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SCouneil Turns 1[
U Reactor Working Harder than Ever .o.s
Nnrhn fsedtRevisio
Nuclear energy sources at the I
fthe spent uranium fue rods from 1 acting director of the Phoenix

)owi
ins II

University are delivering more
work than ever before-ranging
from irradiating human spare
parts, to food, toelectronic com-
ponents-and the sources are
wearing out faster.
Both uranium fuel rods in the
two-million-watt Ford Nuclear Re-
actor and the cobalt rods of the
Memorial Phoenix Project's gam-
ma irradiation sources were re-
plac~ed last week.
Shielded from radiation by ten
feet of water in the cobalt source
well at the Phoenix Laboratory, a
nuclear.engineer dropped 19 "pen-
cils" of the radioactive cobalt into
its cylindrical housing by means
of remote manipulators. He put 11
others into a similar housing for
installation in the laboratory's ra-
diation facility on campus.
Fuel Rods
At the same time, a flat-bed
truck was loaded with a 12 and
one-hald ton lead cask into which

the reactor were loaded. Intensely
radioactive, the rods were shipped
to the Atomic Energy Commis-.
sion's Processing Facility at Arco,
Idaho. There, the remaining
Uranium-235 in the rods and other
valuable radioisotopes will be sal-
vaged before the fuel rods are
buried.
The original fuel rods were in-
stalled in the Ford Nuclear Re-
actor in 1957. They lasted three
years, during the latter part of
which the reactor operated at a
power level of one million watts.
Last August the power level was
doubled, making the Phoenix re-
actor one of the most powerful
university reactors in the country.
Now, working three shifts per
day on a five-day week, the re-
actor is burning up its fuel at a
rate of approximately two grams
per day, according to Prof. William
Kerr of the engineering college,

Project. "At this rate, the new
fuel will last less than a year.
Reactor Core
The new rods, which do not be-
come "hot," i.e. radioactive, until
they have been in use, arrived
two weeks ago and six already are
installed in the reactor core. The{
remaining 19 will be installed at
intervals to maintain the reactor's-
power level.
The Cobalt 60, on the other
hand, is constantly radioactive,
emitting a beam of gamma rays.
Cobalt 60 has a half-life of about
five years, which means that half
of its intensity is radiated away
every five years.
Both the reactor and the Cobalt
60 sources have particular bene-
fits in irradiating items for ex-
periments. The reactor is a heavy
source of neutrons which will make
See NUCLEAR, Page 3

CiyFi ousing Law

Admi.straotr Larcom and Councilman Weeks

Y

Si

A&F
t_

-University News Service
THE NUCLEAR REACTOR at the Memorial Phoenix Project on
North Campus is being used to irradiate such things as human
spare parts and electrical components in an active research
program that keeps it busy on a three-shift basis every day.
AFTER WEEKEND RIOTS

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Frced
VOL. LXXIV, No. 20-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 21, 1964 FOUR PAGES

Roniney Martin Apraise GOP Goldwater

Police Restore Calm in Harlem

By GENE SCHROEDER
Associated Press Staff writer

Asks Chance
IK T1

(.

By STEPHEN BERKOWITZ
Special To The Daily .
NEW YORK-After two nights
marked by some of the most un-
controlled rioting in the city's
history, the uneasy truce between
the residents of Harlem, New
York's sprawling Negro section,
and the police, has been restored.
Throughout the rubble and
glass-filled streets, heavily armed
members of New York Police Com-
missioner Michael Murphy's tac-
tical force, police from local pre-
cincts and reinforcements from
other parts of the city, stand on
street corners or walk up and
down the main arteries in groups
of two or three.

During the day, Negro young-
sters, all over the area, on vaca-
tion since the public schools clos-
ed in June, walk or run about in
mimicry of their elders. Although
the serious social problems which
seem to underlie last weekend's
roiting remain, the heat and hu-
midity have dimished to the point
where the situation seems more
relaxed.
Early reports from city police
indicate minor incidents all over
Ne roes' Party
In Mississipi
Plans- Contest
JACKSON, Miss. - Mississippi
Negroes set events in motion Sun-
day that might lead to an embar-
rassing dilemma for the Democra-
tic National Convention.
Leaders of the Mississippi Free-
dom Democratic party met here
and completed plans for naming
a 68-member delegation to the
national convention in Atlantic
City on Aug. 24.
This delegation, which will be
fully committed to support the

the area. No incidents . of last
weekend's magnitude seem to be
in evidence however.
Elsewhere in the city, approxi-
mately 100 pickets demonstrated
in front of the United Nations
Building, calling for an investiga-
tion of police brutality in Harlem
by the UN Human Rights Com-
mission.
The pickets gathered in response
to a call reportedly issued by Jesse
Gray, leader of the Harlem rent
strike.
With the high concentration of
police in the Harlem area, normal
police work, especially enforce-
ment of traffic regulations, in
other parts of the city seems to
have lessened. Police activity in
Harlem seems limited to dealing
with more serious infractions and
disturbances which might create
disorder.
Some Clean-Up
Although city sanitation work-
ers have cleaned up some por-
tions of the area, a good deal of
rubble, broken glass and many
police barricades remain.
Meanwhile, FBI Director J. Ed-
gar Hoover rapped the American
justice system for the increasing
crime rate, both in Harlem and
across the nation as well.

. DETROIT-Michigan's Republican Party- i the throes of an
F or New Bll
"agonizing" appraisal on the subject of extremism-appears today
to be on the verge of developing a split political personality. By The Associated Press
Unless the GOP presidential nominee, Sen. Barry Goldwater
(R-Ariz) can reach an understanding with Gov. George Romney, CHICAGO - Sen. Barry Gold-
the governor is expected to go his separate way in his re-election water (R-Ariz) yesterday called
campaign this fall. G upon the nation to "give the civil
Chances of an agreement com- !rights law a chance to work."
ing at a "summit" conference of While in Atlanta, three federal
national Republican leaders are judges began the task of deciding
regarded by most observers as whether Congress *had the power
slim at best. P rTOi--, to enact the 1964 Civil Rights Act,
Goldwater suggested that civil
Clear Position/ rights "remain a completely quiet
Romney made this fairly clearqy question" in the election campaign.

Move Hits
Boarders,
Store Space
Body Hears Report
On Filing Procedures
For Police Complaints
By JEFFREY GOODMAN
City Council last night:
-Defeated two proposed amend-
ments to the fair housing ordi-
nance;
-Heard City Administrator
Guy C. Larcom outline a formal
procedure for processing com-
plaints against the police;
-Voted to ask that Laroom
formulate a policy regarding city
sponsorships of various public
drives and campaigns.
The two fair housing amend-
ments would have provided for
equal consideration for Negroes
wishing to sell or rent space for
commercial use and extended anti-
discrimination clauses to cover
rooming houses in which only two
or three rooms are rented.
The amendments had the unan-
imous approval of the Human Re-
lations Commission. Councilman
and Mayor pro tem Bent F. Niel-
sen objected to them, however, be-
cause of current questions whether
the ordinance itself is valid.
The ordinance was ruled un-
constitutional in Municipal Court
at the end of May. The decision
is currently being appealed in
Circuit Court. City Attorney Jacobr
Fahrner told Council he believes
his appealstats the, first ruling
on the law and that it is there-
fore still valid.
The major argument for the
amendments-as expressed by
Councilman Le Roy A Cappaerts-
"was that Council should not be
concerned with the immediate le-
gal standing of the law and that
it had nothing to lose and much 0
to gain by acting at this time.
The police procedures outlined
were largely "a more formal state-
ment of what is already "done in-
formally" invconsidering ques-
tions on police tactics, Larcom.
said.
The procedure allows complaints
to be made either to the police de-
partment or to the city. One In-
novation in the procedure would
make a single police officer re-
sponsible for investigating com-
plaints coming to the, department.
Complaints coming to the city are
presently the personal reponsiil-
ity of Larcom, though he also has
final authority if deusiont on
complaints going originally to the x
police are appealed to him.
authority be formalized in an in-
ternal review board consisting of
himself, Fahrner and Cowley.
This group would be able to seek
plaint.
"The most substantial innova-
tion would be that the police de-
partment would be made aware
that a formal complaint procedure
now exists ad that certain of-
ficials have been specifically des-
ignated to watch police perform-
ance," Larcom told Council.
The third Council move, passed
unanimously, was a proposal by
Councilman Robert Weeks that
Larcopi formulate "a simple and
reasonable policy" aimed in gen-
eral at city sponsorship of public
drives and at support of partisan
causes in particular. By partisan
causes Weeks was referring to re-
cent police department distribu-
tion of stickers urging people to
"Support Your Local Police." The
stickers have been linked to a
national John Birch Society drive.

at San Francisco when he told
newsmen "there isn't any question SAN FRANCISCO-Michiga
in my mind that the way we Republicans left the GOP
conduct the Michigan campaign tional convention 1ast week we
is the way the national campaign ing Goldwater for President
ought to be conducted in Michi- with uncertainty in their hea
Qan .

an's
na-
ear-
but
arts.

GOVERNOR ROMNEV

NOVEMBER
Wallace Ai de
Hints at Upset
In Alabama
By The Associated Press

He said it should be "free of
hate-peddling and fear-spreading
and devoted to issues of the day.
Many of Romney's closest ad-
visors are saying privately they
cannot see how the national cam-
paign can avoid becoming "a
dirty, mud-slinging battle involv-
ing extremist groups that wallow
in bigotry, slander and racial
slurs."
Romney reflected the mood of
many of the convention delegates
when he declared that he had
reservations about the 1964 plat-
form in the issues of extremism
and civil rights.
He listened to Goldwater's de-
fense of extremism in tight-lipped
silence at the closing session of
the convention. It was a figurative
slap in the face for the governor,
who fought hard to get a platform

Althouah Gov. George Romney
did not flatly disassociate him-
self from the natona ,cmpaign
of Sen. Barry Goldwaer -Ariz),
the governor nevertheless made it
clear that he may do so at a
later date depending on the con-
duct of the presidential campaign.
If Romney does decide to go it
alone, the move will not be ap-
preciated by staunch Goldwater
supporters in Michigan or else-
where, but some observers believe
it may do him more good than
harm when the votes are counted
in the gubernatorial race next
November.
This observation is based on the
fact that Mhhgnbas a heavy
labor vote, the bulk of which is
expected to be hostile to Gold-
water.

Goldwater said he would wel-
come a chance to discuss with
President Lyndon B. Johnson
"this particular issue."
A White House spokesman said
the President would give serious
consideration to any formal pro-
posal by Goldwater for such a
meeting.
He voted against the measure in
the Senate on the grounds that
parts of it are unconstitutional.
In final arguments on the civil
rights test case, government law-
yers and attorneys for three Ne-
gross argued the law is constitu-
tional and that an Atlanta res-
taurant, operated by segregation-
ist Lester Maddox, comes under
the law.
Attorneys for Maddox contend-
ed the statute was illegal and
that, in any event, the restaurant
was excluded.
The court has been asked to
issue an injunction against Mad-
dox's refusing service to Negroes.
"The question is whether he
will give the federal government
complete control over our lives"

DIRECTOR HOOVER
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The State De-
partment said yesterday that neu-
tralist forces in Laos appear to
be in better position to hold off
a Communist attack as a result of
seizure of Communist artillery po-
sitions over the weekend.
* * *
NICOSIA-Greek and Turkish
Cypriot forces pulled out of posi-
tions around the village of Tem-
blos in north Cyprus yesterday
after seven days of tense confron-
tation.
S * * '

l
,t
i
A
7
1
3
i
t

party's presidential ticket, will Citing the gain and a high per- M O N T G O M E R Y - One of,
challenge the seating of delegates centage of criminal repeaters, he Alabama Gov. George Wallace's
from the regular state party or- renewed his call against what he unpledged Democratic nominees;
ganization. called excessive leniency to of- for elector said yesterday it will
The loyalty of the latter group fenders. be tough to beat Sen. Barry Gold-
in the presidential race is now This, he said, tends to "ignore water (R-Ariz) in Alabama now.
considered highly questionable. the victim and obscure the right And Lt. Gov. James B. Allen
Thus, the convention must of a free society to equal protec- said the governor's withdrawal
choose between a loyal delegation tion under the law." from the presidential race has con-
with no power and few votes and fronted the Democratic congres-
one of doubtful loyalty represent- e * sional candidates-six of the in-
ing the state administration and a cumbents - with a "definite
majority of the voters. threat." ,
Under ordinary circumstances, Picks Negro Head A Republican leader, State Rep.
the Freedom Party representative Tandy Little, went further. He
would get short shrift. But its CAMBRIDGE, Md. (RP)-Charles predicted that the state will go
leaders contend that support for Cornish was elected president of Republican for the first time since
seating its delegation has been the Cambridge City Council last reconstruction following the Civil
pledged by the Democratic organ- night and is the first Negro to hold War. Little said Wallace's with-
izations of eight states-New York, such a post in Maryland. Cornish drawal has given Goldwater a
California, Michigan, Minnesota, was chosen as the five-man coun- "tremendous" boost throughout
Oregon, Wisconsin, Massachusetts cil reorganized after last Tues- the South.
and Colorado. day's bitterly contested municipal Wallace, who had talked of
Copyright, 1964, The New York Tines elections. campaigning as an independent
candidate in 16 or more states
" " *with the expressed hope of gain-
H onCivii Rih s.ing the balance of power in the
presidential election, pulled out
with dramaticabruptness Sunday.
and Adetoldanationwide television
V uest~ions'audience he had sought to "con-s
servatize" the two major parties
EDITOR'S NOTE: NAACP official Herbert Hill answered several ques. and felt that he had achieved that
tions from the floor after his talk here yesterday. Here are three of ther objective.
ana is answers. In Houston, the Constitution
What effects do you think the GOP nomination of Sen. party threw open its presidential
Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz) will have on the civil rights move- nomination yesterday to "anyone
m who is willing to promote the
meat? !principles of constitutional gov-
The nomination of Goldwater gives new priority to political ernment."
action among civil rights advocates: we must work as hard as Party officials took this step 24
possible to ensure his defeat in November. The reason for this is hours after Wallace, their favored
simple: The election of Goldwater would mean the eventual political possible nominee, withdrew as a
nullification of all the civil rights gains of the Negroes since potential candidate.
1940. Our work would be wiped out. The Convention pns na-
tional convention opens here to-'
In this light, what do you think of the suggestions that the day with some 200 delegates rep-
civil rights movement "slow down" from now on so as not to resenting about 20 states.
hurt President Lyndon B. Johnson in -the November elections? Wallace had never told Con-
bdr cks." stitution party representatives he
I assume you are referring to what is called the "white backlash." would accept a third-party nom-
This blacklash is not a new thing. For years Northern white liberals ination. Some early arriving dele-
have been protesting against actions in the South, but often when gates expressed regret over Wal-

I

plank denouncing extremism. How did Romney's image emerge attorney William G. McRae said,
Separate Unit from the convention itself? defending Maddox. "The constitu-
The Goldwater organization will In the view of most members tion of the United States was de-
set up a campaign headquarters of the Michigan delegation the signed to preserve the freedom of
separate from the regular GOP governor's stature increased ma- every man to discriminate."
State Central operation, but this terially. He was given a standing He said it was unreasonable and
in itself is not indicative of any ovation in several caucuses, unrealistic for Congress to invoke
split. Most candidates have seper- How does Romney look as a the commerce clause to ban dis-
ate operations. potential 1968 presidential can- crimination. McRae said congres-
But the usual close, cooperative didate? sional powers are limited to legis-
liaison between a presidential can- From GOP National Committ- lation on matters which have a
didate's camp and the state party man John Martin's point of view: oharmful effect on commerce.
headquarters will be missing if "I've always thought that, and ingrss dis non against
Romney disassociates himself eawa ing that discrimmnation against
Romneydiasc h should he be interested in 19Q8, Negroes prejudicably or adversely
from Goldwater. he would niot face the obVstaclesI affects interstate commerce."
This will not set well with the within the state which h, was Citing the economic growth of
staunchest Goldwater supporters, confronted wi h this time-the the South, McRae said the ad-
who may in retaliation refuse to problem of a commitment to stay verse effect of discrimination on
See MARTIN, Page 3 through and do a job as governor." commerce "has been negligible."
KENNEDY TERMED 'WRONG

Hill Says T s Can to Mississippi

WASHINGTON-President Lyn-
don B. Johnson requested $13 mil-
lion from Congress yesterday to
implement the new civil rights
law. The Senate meanwhile ap-
proved, 53-8, Johnson's nomina-
tion of former Gov. LeRoy Collins
of Florida as director of the new
community relations service.
WASHINGTON-A $207 million
pay boost for most the officers
And men and women in the na-
tion's fighting forces won speedy l

By ROBERT HIPPLER
The Johnson administration has
both practical and legal bases to
send federal troops into Mississip-
pi; the fact that it has not done
so "spells compromise and is oneI
of the most monumental failures
of Amcrican government in the
realm of domestic affairs," Herbert
Hill said last night.
National Labor Secretary of the
National Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People, Hill
noted that "recently (AttorneyI
General Robert) Kennedy said

lems of the civil rights movement
are iou restricted to that area,
Hill said. lie was emphatic in
criticising labor union practices
in the North.
"It has been nine long years
since the A. F, of L. and the C.I.O.
merged" he said. "And due to
the almost complete lack of prog-
ress in eliminaton of anti-Negro
practices in that time, I am forced
to conclude that the AFL-CIO is
either unilling or unable to move
decisively again. racist elements.
Anti-Negro practices, especiallyt

ers to the board against those
AFL-CIO affiliates which are at
present engaging in a large and
varied assortment of discrimina-
tory practices."
Twice as Much
Predicting future prospects for
the civil rights movement, Hill
gave prominence to the economic
difficulties which Negroes have
been facing, especially since 1958.
Noting that unemployment among
Negroes is over twice that among
whites, he explained that "for
some people America may be the

Senate approval yesterday.
WASHINGTON-The State De-
partment said yesterday it has
asked the Soviet Embassy for a

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