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June 23, 1964 - Image 5

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1964-06-23

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PAf4Il! WlVIt

African States Hold the Fort

O'Brien's Ruling Maims
Fair Housing Ordinance




Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
South Africa, Angola and Mo-
zambiqes ar ru by wites, tand
South Africa, a republic, is
trying one method and Portugal,
which controls Angola and Mo-
zambique, is trying another, but
the aim is the same.
Against them are arrayed 30
other nations of Africa, a good
share of world opinion, and a
powerful troublemaker-the So-
viet Union.
To South Africa this means war,
and that is what the nation is
girding for. The main question is
how soon will it come?
Total Segregation
South African policy is clearly
ad forcefully sated.nItwas to
separated-physically and geo-
graphically-from the 3.2 million
whites. This is being done by first
sealing the borders - both with
neighboring countries and with
two black nations lying entirely
within South Africa-the British-
ruled territories of Basutoland
and Swaziland.
Within South Africa, blacks are
kept to their own areas, such as
the ne sat ofTranskei andsthe
ofthese enaves ar plannedmo
ensure total separation.
Some say the war has already
begun and South Africa is acting
like it agrees. Internal security is
harsh. Under recent laws persons
suspected of subversion may be
held 90. days or more without
rights and tried under laws lead-
ing to the death penalty.
Defense expenditures are rising
steadily and this year will ap-
proach $300 million. Planes and
heavy weapons are being acquired
abroad, and the production of
small arms is skyrocketing. Every
white household is preparing.
Housewives hold weekly "pistol

parties," mingling tea and tar-
get practice. Young girls learn
arms-handling and hand-to-hand
combat. Regular police and home
guards total 50,000 and another
250,000 trained reserves are avail-
able for emergency. There has
been talk of preparing against ra-
dioactive fallout, poison gas and
germ warfare.
The Portuguese are trying a dif-
ferent tack. There is no racial seg-
regation in Angola or Mozambique.
There the policy is to woo the
friendship and support of the na-
tives in keeping out "infiltrators"
from nearby African nations. The
Portuguese reportedly have 40,-
000 troops in the field, white and
black serving side by side. Their
wounded are treated in the same
hospitals, andtr oughout th e ter-
side, often in the same occupa-
There is cause for mobilization.
A year ago, at the first African
summit conference, the leaders of
207 million Africans declared war
on South Africa and the Portu-
guese territories. Most of the new
nations are poor and weak, but

(Continued from Page U)

they have a strong friend. Ah-
med Ben Bella, president of Al-
geria, has just returned from Mos-
cow, where he was made a Hero
of the Soviet Union. It was Ben
Bella who, a year ago, aroused
the African conference to a fe-
ver with his call for "a bond of
blood with those who are fighting
in South Africa, Angola and Mo-
Call to Battle
When he left Moscow Ben Bella
had another $127 million in So-
viet credits, promises of "small
arms," and the blessings of So-
viet President Leonid Brezhnev.
Brezhnev said Algeria's "revolu-
tionary banner is fluttering proud-
ly over the vastness of Africa as
a call to all those who have not
yethtacquired freedom and must
A "Freedom Radio" is now heard
in South Africa. It is thought to
be in Ghana, and it broadcasts
in English and the tribal lan-
guages. Late in 1962 nationalists
and Communists from many Afri-
can nations reportedly met se-
cretly in Bechuanaland.
The hour is growing late.


dinance requires the alleged viola-
orsubjct himsefno rosecution
According to the ordinance. "any
person claiming to be aggrieved by
a violation of (this ordinance) ...
may file with the Human Rela-
tions Commission a signed com-
plaint in writing . . . (The HRC
shall then) investigate such al-
leged or suspected violation (and
if it finds that discrimination did
occur) the commission shall ex-
ercise its powers and duties with
a view to conciliating the mat-
ter and eliminating any unlawful
discriminatory practice it finds to
Due Process
"Adequate notice and opportu-
nity toube heard in haccordance
forded to all parties.",
If the commission fails to
achieve elimination of the dis-
crimination by conciliation, "the
complaint and all records and
findings, as well as the recom-
mendation of the commission ...
shall be turned over to the city
attorney for appropriate action to
secure the enforcement of this
O'e Brien said that "the cit tae
do not prevent a complainant
cation to the HRC." But he claim-

ed that the ordinance, as it is
worded, cannot be so interpreted
without being rendered "meaning-
Since, in his opinion, the ordi-
naice provides for p$rosecution
only if the case has gone through
the hands of the HRC, "if the
accused were to refuse to enter
into conversation and negotiation,
he would subject himself to prose-
cution, and if he does engage in
conversation and negotiation, he
subjects himself to self-incrimina-
Thus beside violating state law
for criminal procedures, the ordi-
nance is inconsistent with a city
charter ruling that "the Municipal
Court shall have original jurisdic-;
to cand poer incivi and crim-
He termed the HRC a non-ju-
dicial body, saying that the ques-
tions at hand are judicial in na- I
ture and can be dealt with only
by the courts.
"While the court personally fa-
vors the enforcement of civil rights
by appropriate legislation, this
cannot be done by unconstitution-
al enactments," O'Brien conclud-
isdecisio iste first in the
since the ciysws the first such
fetasimlrodnance inGrand



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(Continued from Page 1)
that the GOP plan violated both
the U.S. and state Constitution by
abridging provisions for "equal
protection of the laws."
The plan adopted yesterday was
the only one which the Democrats
on the Apportionment Commission
had submitted.
House and Senate districts in
the Democratic plan cross muni-
cipal and county boundaries but
maintain nearly equal population
in each area.

The population deviation be-
tween the largest and smallest of
the 38 Senate districts is only 2,-
1)00. The average for the 38 dis-
tricts is 205,900.
For the House, the maximum
deviation is 3000, with an average
population for 110 districts of 71,-
Commissioners Richard H. Aus-
tin of Detroit and A. Robert
Kleiner of Grand Rapids said their
plan would allow the party which
elects a governor to elect a ma-
jority of the Legislature.


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The Daily Official Bulletin Is an
officIal publication of the Univer-
sIty of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
rensb"uty. t isshould be sent
3654 AdminIstration Building before
2 p.m. of the day preceding publica-
tion, and by 2 p.m. Friday for Satur-
day and Sunday.
Day Calendar
Institute on Areawide Planning of
Medical Care Services and Facilities --
Conference: Room 3042, School of Pub-
lie Health, 9 a.m.
Institute on College and University
Administration-Third Floor Conference
Room, Michigan Union, 9 a.m.
Department of Linguistics Forum Lec-
tures, Summer 1964: William H. Bennett,
Prof. of German, "Merger and Split in
the Pre-Gothic Vowel System," Tues.,
June 23, 7:30 p.m., Rackham Amphi-
Geeal A ices
A Limited Number of Ushers is need-
ed for the series of four piano con-
certs which are to be given in Rack-
hanm Aud. during July.
Any persons interested in ushering
for these concerts please call H. Warner
Instructions will be given and ques-
tions answered at the time you call.
pStaff Parking Notice--New arking
now at the Parking Administration
Office, 10b3 Administration Bldg. and
at the Cashier's Window, Fifth floor
University Hospital.
vehicle registration is required upon
application and proof of social security
number is necessary for payroll deduc-
tions. The permit system will also be
extended July 1 to the North Campus
and the Plant Department on Hoover
and Green Streets.

umn in The Michigan Daily, use of
meeting rooms in University buildings,
assignment of Student Activities Bldg.
facilities, etc. are available to recog-
ganizations regisered by thsdae will
be considered officially recognized (or
the summer term.
Uarco Business Forms, Inc., East
Lansing, Mich.-Seeking 2 Sales Reps.
BA or BBA. Sales exper. desirable but
Inot essential Must have strong inter-
est in sales. Age 25-35 pref. On-the-
job trng. for 2 or 3 yrs. Location:
Kalamazoo & counties adjacent. Small
territory, no overnight travel. Sales &
promotion of various business forms.
Regester and Ghering, Grand Rapids,
Mich.--Opening for Junior Accountant.
tn preparation. Considerable tavel-
ing in order to serve clients. Excellent
chance of becoming partner in firm
after passing C.P.A. exam. Business lo-
calized in western part of state am
Herman Frankel Organization, Birmn-
ingham, Mich. - Seeking Executive
Trainee. Firm is home builder and land
ydvriosphases of operatiomn to enable
them to ultimately take charge of the
various segments of growing business.
Neither specific academic bkgd. nor
exper. in home bldg. field are as Imp.
as ambition & willingness to work.
gSouth Havn Chamber of Connerce,
Chamber of Commerce is interested in
on the duties opromoting Sout Hv
General Telephone Co. of Mich., Mus-
kegon, Mich.-IBM Programmer (or (As-
sistant Prog.)-f or position at the Reve-

nue Acc't. Center, Owosso, Mich. will
work on the IBM 1401-involves train-
ing. Male. Educ. bkgd. is open. Experi-
ence in either coursework, training in
compute rogramming or exper. with
For further information, please call
General Div., Bureau of Appointments,
3200 SAB, Ext. 3544.

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visit i our shlop?-The welcomne magt is always

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University General Library Summer
Hours will be from 8 a.m. to 12 p.m. USE OF TIlS COLUMN FOR AN-
Mon. thru Fri., 5 a.m. to 6 p.m. Sat NOUNCEMENTS is available to officially
and 1 to 12 p.m. on Sun. Undergrad recognized and registered organiza-
Library hours: 8 a~m. to 12 p.m. Mon. tions only. Organizations who are plan-
thru Fri., 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Sat. (until iring to be active for the Summer
June 26-S a.m. to 6 p.m. after that) Term should be registered by July 3,
and 1 to 12 p.m. Sun. Summer hours 1964. Forms available, 1011 Sturent Ac-
for divisional libraries are posted. tivities Bldg. ,,
Student Organizations: Registration Young Republicans, Open meeting:
of student organizations planning to Tues., June 23, 8 p.m., Room 3K, Michl
be active during the summer term igan Union. Speaker: Ray Smit, "Poli--
should be completed or or before July tics '64."
3. 1964, Forms are available in the Of-
flee of Student Affairs, 1011 Student b'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation, Mixer.
Activities Bldg. Privileges such as the! Wed., June 24, 7:30 pin Dancing, re-
use of the Organization Notices Col- freshments, 1429 Hill St

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