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June 25, 1964 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1964-06-25

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MILITARY MAN
IN VIET NAM
See Editorial Page

1Mwr~ga

til

FAIR
High--7
Low-48
Light southerly winds,
cloudy tonight

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIV, No. 3-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JUNE 25, 1964 SEVEN CENTS

SIX. PAGES

Dulles Flies to Mississippi;
Search Operations Fruitless

House Committee Shelves Medical Plan

15

PHILADELPHIA (P) - White
U-1-04rn~hn chntnr lln W

region.

a
I
I
t
R

douetroule snooterien w. Search operations were stopped
Dulles flew into trouble-wracked at dark with no further word of
Mississippi yesterday and immedi- the three youths. House-to-house
ately - conferred with Gov. Paul inquiries will resume at daybreak.
Johnson on the baffling disap- Talks with Johnson
pearance of three civil rights Tlswt ono
workers. The former chief of the Cen-
Dulles, sent to the Mississippi tral Intelligence Agency and the
capital by President Lyndon B. governor talked privately for 80
Johnson for an on-the-spot re-
port, huddled with the governor minutes. Afterwards they met with
at the executive mansion as heav- newsmen.I
ily armed posses searched for the "The conversation with Mr. Dul-
missing trio in this east-central les and myself was about. . . prob-
Wilkins Confers with
Kennedy; NAACP Pickets
WASHINGTON (P)-More than 2000 NAACP convention dele-
gates marched silently two by two around the Justice Department
yesterday as their leader conferred with Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy
about civil rights turmoil in Mississippi.
Roy Wilkins, executive secretary of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People, met with Kennedy for 90 minutes
as the march was getting organized.
Then Kennedy watched the marchers file by in protest against
the disappearance of three young civil rights works in Mississippi

lems of law enforcement we have
met, that our highway patrol has
been beefed up," Gov. JohnsonI
said. ". . . Men like him are here
for the purpose of doing good. He
has a carte blanche anywhere in
Mississippi."
Dulles said only he came at{
the President's request to get the
governor's view of the problems
in Mississippi on law enforcement.

Opposition
Sinks TokenRm
Provisions
But Group Hikes
Retired Payment 1

*

*

7C

MVoves

To

Block

*

*

*

stricting

E

To Plan Talks WASHINGTON (P)-The House
He indicated he would plan Ways and Means Committee
talks with civil rights leaders be- shelved President Lyndon B. John-
fore returning to Washington. "I son's health care plan yesterday,
expect to have a busy time here but voted for a five per cent
tonight and tomorrow," Dulles across-the-board increase in cash
said. payments to persons retired under
Alighting from a military jet social security.
transport at Jackson, the former The retirement boost involves aI
CIA chief said he did not come to social security tax increase in the
Mississippi to join in the search first year of $31.20 more for both
and does not plan to visit Phila- anyone earning $5400 or more and
delphia, about 40 miles northeast for his employer.
of Jackson. The decision to drop all health
Dulles said that in his talks care proposals from the social
with Gov. Johnson "we'll discuss security bill the committee is put-
certain problems arising from the ting together means the only likely
law enforcement situation, and so possibility for reviving the issue
I will find out what I can and this yea ris for the Senate to write
report back to President Johnson in such provisions when the legis-
in Washington." lation reaches that chamber.
Keeps Mum Stiff resistance could be ex-
The governor kept mum dur- pected when the legislation came
ing the day as the search for the back to the House.
missing youths broadened. High Priority
But Gov. Edmund G. Brown of
California told a news conference Johnson put the health care
at Sacramento yesterday that Gov. plan high on his list of priority
Johnson had described the situa- legislation for this year and re-
tion in Mississippi as "very ex- peatedly urged its passage. Never-
plosive." Brown said Johnson theless, sponsors long ago wrote
made the comment at the recent off chances of committee approval
governor's conference in Cleveland, of the whole program.
Now Johnson's fears have been They continued to hope, how-
justified, Brown said. ever, that a token amount of hos-
pital care, establishing the prin-i
H its ciple of meeting health needs from
social security taxes, might have
been included.
C :The end1 of that hope camelves-

Excise Taxes FTC Sets 7Janger'

May e ut
By over Half

Labels for Tobacc(
WASHINGTON (P)-The Federal Trade Commission is
rule yesterday requiring that * all cigarette labels and adv

and the race situation generally.

NAACP CHAIRMAN WILKINS
Coinuiiitteew
To Clear Bill
WASHINGTON (P) - Chairman
Howard W. Smith (D-Va) bowed
to the demands of a majority of
the House Rules Committee yes-
terday and scheduled a meeting to
clear the civil rights bill for Hous
action next week.
Still apparently unsettled, how-
ever, is a dispute between House
Republicans and the Democrati
leadership over declaring a re-
cess July 3 so the Republicans can
get to the GOP national conven-
tion a week ahead of time for pre-
liminary activities.
Need Republicans
Republican votes will be need-
ed to get the civil rights bill ou
of the rules committee and Mi-
nority Leader Charles A. Halleck
(R-Ind) has reportedly made de-
livery of the vote contingent on
getting a recess from July 3 t
July 20.
After the last of a series o:
leaders' meetings yesterday, both
Halleck and Speaker John W. Mc-
Cormack (D-Mass) said the mat-
ter of the recess was still up in
the air.
Urging
McCormack is being urged by
President Lyndon B. Johnson t
keep the House in session the
week of July 6, primarily to ac
on his anti-poverty bill. His re
quest has met heavy resistance
from Democrats as well as Repub
licans, however, and there now ap
pears little likelihood that John
son will get his way.
The only clearcut result of the
day's maneuvering was Smith's
announcement that the rules com
mittee would meet next Tuesday
to consider a resolution calling fo
House acceptance of the Senate
passed bill. That would send it on
to the President for signature.
Barrier Dowii
In School. Case
FARMVILLE, Va. (/)-One of
the latest barriers has been clear-
ed away for reopening public
schools in Prince Edward County,
closed five years ago to avoid
desegregation.
The county board of supervisors,
acting under a federal court order

The only noise was a spattering of
applause as Kennedy took a place
on the steps with Mrs. Medgar
Evers, widow of the Mississippi
victim of a sniper-killer last year,
and two of her three children-
Darrell, 10. and Rena Denise, 9.
Evers was NAACP's representative
in Mississippi-
Kennedy watched the marchers
for 10 minutes, stepped down to
the sidewalk and shook hands with
a few dozen of the marchers. Then
the attorney general waved goodby
and returned to his office to pre-
pare for his trip to Europe last
night.
Wilkins reported that he told
Kennedy Negroes across the na-
tion will explore all peaceful
means of expressing their indig-
nation at the disappearance since
Sunday night of the two white
and one Negro civil rights workers.
The only trace of the trio was
discovery yesterday near Phila-
delphia, Miss., of their charred
station wagon. The youths are
Andy Goodman, 20, and Michael
Schwerner, both of New York,
and James Cheney, a 22-year-old
Meridian, Miss., Negro.,
Wilkins, accompanied by seven
other NAACP officials, said he
f urged Kennedy to take some pre-
ventive action to protect not only
p civil rights workers "but the
e 985,000 Negro citizens who live in
Mississippi."
- The marchers were well dressed,
e many wearing black arm bands.
c Some carried signs: "NAACP de-
mands action now"; "stop Mis-
sissippi terror": "JusticeADepart-
-ment must protect American
- rights."
They walked the 14 blocks to
the Justice Department, -around
the building and back without
- incident and with a sizable, un-
obstrusive police escort. The dem-
onstration at the building lasted
only 25 minutes because a sudden
shower of rain sent them scurry-
o mg.
Using extraordinary precautions
f to insure quiet and order, yellow-
, shirted monitors parade with each
- state delegation, warned marchers
- not to talk to passers by and pre-
a vented non-delegates from join-
ing the procession.
Wilkins told newsmen regard-
y less of what the government does
o "we will have to begin to explore
e ways and means-political, eco-
nomic, moral and others - for,
- Negroes to express their indigna-
e tion" over the situation in Missis-
- sippi. He emphasized that no use
- of force is contemplated.
eTHE UNIVERSITY
y!
<r Oooh! T

k
I
f
.)
i
E
I

k
E
I
i

tructure
OfColleges
By DAVID LAMBERT
Lack of cooperation and un-
derstanding between the branches
of the administration in most
American universities has caused
many of the problems in the
American higher education sys-
tem, Prof. W. H. Cowley of Stan-
ford University said last night.
Speaking before the closing
session of the 10th annual Insti-
ministration, Cowley first pin-
pointed a number of the weak
areas in America's colleges and
universities. He then traced the
problems in these areas to ten-
sion and lack of understanding
within the respective institutions'
administrations.
Carried Over
Cowley said that the trouble
originated with the organization of
earlier colleges in Italy, France
and Switzerland, whose patterns
were often carried over into the
structure of American colleges.
Citing Harvard University as an
example, Cowley showed how a
well-organized and unified ad-
ministration can contribute a great
deal to an institution of higher
learning.
Poor Organization
He contrasted the successful set-
up at Harvard with that at the
University of California at Santa
Barbara. The lack of unity with-
in its administration has been
clearly detrimental to that uni-
versity's progress, he said.
Cowley is currently writing a
book entitled "Academic Govern-
ment' which will deal with the
evolution of the American system
of higher learning and its ad-
ministrative problems.
COMMUNITY

terday. One of the authors of the
legislation, Rep. Cecil R. King
(D-Calif) moved that all present
discussions be confined to social
security retirement.
This meant dropping from the
bill being drafted, not only health
care, but also any broadening of
the existing state-federal system
of health care for the needy and
near-needy.
No Point
"We knew we didn't have the
votes, so there was no point in
pushing it," King told newsmen.
He said he hopes the Senate will
write in health care provisions.
The fight over what is often
called medicare spilled over into
consideration of a boost in pay-
ments for the almost 20 million
beneficiaries of the social security
retirement system -old persons,
the disabled, widows and children.
IRep. John W. Byrnes (R-Wis),
senior Republican member of the
committee, moved to approve a
six per cent increase. In an un-
usual turnabout, liberal Demo-
cratic members of the committee
opposed an increase of that much,
apparently because they feared
the tax boost it would require
would foreclose anypossibility of
adding still morehtoathe payroll
tax to pay for a health care pro-
gram.
The six per cent proposal lost
on a 12-12 vote, since a majority
was needed. The committee then
voted the five per cent increase,
on motion of Rep. Hale Boggs (D-
La).
Increase
The maximum present retire-
ment payment for an individual
now is $127 a month, the average
$77 and the maximum payment
for a family $254. All of these
wouldtbe increased by five per
cent two months after final en-
actment of the bill, and there

WASHINGTON (R)-Shopkeep- warn that smoking "may cause death from cancer and other di
ers won a big victory and their The order almost certainly will be challenged in court. I
women customers at least a par- ing it, the FTC ran counter to the views of other federal agenc
tial one yesterday in their joint The rule, announced by Commission Chairman Paul Rand
battle to erase the federal excise will go into effect in 1965-on Jan. 1 for labels, on July 1 for
tax on furs, cosmetics, handbags ;
and jewelry. tising. Dixon announced the rule ff~...
The Senate Finance Committee and issued an accompanying 153-
voted to apply the 10 per cent page statement of findings as he
rate at the manufacturer's level, testified before a House commerce
rather than at the retail, start- comieeftraHiscoierg
ing Oct. 1. Since the markup on committe thatbs cigaiet king
such items is about 50 per centh
this would mean half as large a The announcement caught the
tax on most items to be passed committee by surprise. Only a:
on to the customer. day earlier Surgeon General
For the sopkee.er it would re- Luther L. Terry, testifying for the'
Department of Health, Education
move a tedious burden of book- adWlaesi h odad
kepn.Iand Welfare said the Food and ~
eepg. Substitute Drug Administration, a branch of
HEW, should have the authority
The proposal, adopted 13-3, wastHE ulehae te abtry.
offeed b Sen Eugne J Mc-to regulate cigarette labels. Terr'y
said the FTC should regulate ad-
Carthy (D-Minn) as a substitute vertising of cigarettes, but that
for anmore drastic proposal by new legislation would have to be
Senate Minority Leader Everett pse od hs
Dirksen had sought to put the The Federal Trade Commission,
Democrats on a political hot pt however, is an independent regu-
with the ladies by proposing to latory agency and, unlike the Wel-
fare Department, not directly un-
repeal all four levies with excep- der the control of the White
tion that the tax would apply to He.
House.
ewelry and furs costing $100 or Dixon insisted in his testimony SURGEON GENERAL TI
more.--
The committee also voted, 12-5, that the present law gives the FTC
to approve a House-passed bill powers to regulate both labeling PAPANDREOU
raising the temporary national and advertising, and it intended
debt ceiling from $315 billion to to go ahead with it.
$324 for the year ahead. "No cigarette company has to P
Renegotiation follow this rule if they don't want
Also approved, by voice vote, { to," he said. "They can take this
was a bill extending for two years rule to the nearest court and ask as Tall!
the Renegotiation Act under for a review. I'm satisfied this will
which the Defense Department happen."
end other federal agencies can seek And other trouble may come WASHINGTON (;) -P
to recapture excess profits from from Congress. Lyndon B. Johnson and
contractors. The present law would Rep. Oren Harris (D-Ark), George Papandreou of Gre
be unchanged except that cover- chairman of the commerce com- ferred yesterday in the
age for contracts with the Fed- mittee, questioned whether the half of the President's I
eral Aviation Agency would be FTC actually had the legal au- diplomacy drive to head of
added. thority to issue its rule. sible war between Gree

Scheme
>Hits Court;
'To Consult
Legal Staff
sued a
ertising Assails Court Ruling
seases."
n issu- After Party Caucus;
ies. Hopes To Receive Stay
Dixon,
adver- LANSING-Gov. George Rom-
ney yesterday attacked Michigan's
new legislative districting plan as
r "a viscious partisan gerrymander"
and moved to block its use in the
1964 elections, the Detroit Free
Press reported yesterday.
He also assailed the 6-2 deci-
sion by the state Supreme Court
Monday that put the plan into
effect.
Romney, who was out of state
when the court made the ruling,
blasted the new apportionment
after meeting privately with Re-
publican legislators and GOP
members of Leislative Apportion-
iment Commission.
Appeal Uncertain
IThe governor said he did not
yet know whether an appeal from
the decision would be made to the
U.S. Supreme Court. But he asked
his legal staff to see if a stay was
possible.
"It will have to be done very
ERRY promptly," he said.
ERRY The apportionment commission,
acting on orders from state Su-
preme Court, formally adopted
the plan Tuesday.
Thursday Dea line
Secretary of State James M,
Hare, the state's chief elections
officer, had set Thursday as the
s deadline for the new plan to be
approved under an election sched-
ule calling for a Sept. 1 primary.
resident The plan, drafted by two Demo-
Premier crats on the bipartisan apportion-
ece con- ment commission, creates 38
second Senate seats of virtually equal
personal population and 110 House dis-
f a pos- tricts also based exclusively on
ce and population. Most observers said it
would probably switch controlof
on now the Legislature from Republicans
succeed- to Democrats.
Romney, in his statement, said
he and the GOP legislators
ent was and apportionment commissioners
days of agreed that the state court went
ith Pre- "far beyond the meaning and in-
:ey. And tent" of a June 15 U.S. Supreme
an hour Court decision setting the pattern
andreou, for legislative apportionment in
of dis- every state,
The federal court ruled that
Turkish district populations in b o t h
Cemal houses o fa legislature must be
rus talks as nearly equal in population "as
sters of is practicabel."
Turkish enate OK's
private
General ederal Fla
oblem. A
had giv-
his talks . or D St C1Ctll
. John-
WASHINGTON V() - A bill
Turkish that would set federal standards
Minister for congressional districts - but
o be one leave it to the states to draw the
y John- boundaries-was approved yester-
h Inonu day by a House judiciary subcom-
mittee.
Aimed at eliminating gerryman-
dering and wide population dif-
)w ferences between districts, the bill
is a response to recent Supreme
Court decisions attacking the
present boundaries in many states.
It would require districts to be
President compact and contiguous - that is

sed over reasonably shaped and in one piece
y to pick -. and to contain a population
arold K. within 15 per cent above or be-
h march low a state's average district.
ew chief The federal courts would be
empowered to review a state's re-
President districting action through suits
. Creigh- initiated by citizens.
ught in The bill would take effect for
ack 4th the 1966 elections.
rld War The bill does not deal with the
ce chief boundaries of state legislative dis-
tricts, some of which have also

Angell Urges Leadership
For Nation's Universities

. i

By ROBERT HIPPLER
"Today's American university
communities should begin to truly
recognize what is one of their main
duties-assisting in the formation
of public opinion, and in the de-
termination of the values of their
society," Prof. Robert Angell of
the sociology department said yes-
terday.
Speaking before a meeting of
the Institute on College and Uni-
versity Administration, Angell
noted that "this most part of
American society should aspire to
leadership in two senses.
"First, in ideological terms, it
should set as its goal the pursuit
of excellence. This means excel-
lence in many facets of life-in-
tellectual, moral, aesthetic.
Correct Faults
"In practical terms, the univer-
sity community should seek to cor-
rect what it sees as faults in the
way America looks and acts on
life," Angell noted. "It could for
example, correct what I see as a
pair of faults shared by many
Americans."
For one thing, there is an un-
healthy emphasis on trying to
find simple answers to what are
really complicated questions, An-
gell said. "There just aren't any
such answers. There isn't just one
thing we can 'do' in Viet Nam to
'win' the war. Simple answers just
don't acknowledge reality.
"These things the overwhelming
majority of educated people real-
ize," he went on. "I believe it is
their duty to try as hard as they
can to get their beliefs known to
their fellow citizens."

the emphasis of both 'material-
ism' and 'superficiality.' There is
a little of both in most of our
lives."
For example, the great empha-
sis on spectator sports and on sen-
sational content on newspapers is
a fault which educated people
recognize even if they do not al-
ways escape it, Angell said.
"Other examples are the hours
and hours of situation comedies
on TV, or simple drama such as
the 'westerns' craze a few years
ago. Some of this is good, but
many people devote a huge part,
of their lives to it," Angell ex-
plained.
Leadership
"In tryingLto develop this sense
of leadership, the nation's insti-
tutes of higher education must
usually center around their lit-
erary colleges. For the literary
college is usually the one section
of a university which participates
most fully in all parts of its life-
general education, professional
training, services to the public,
research, and social criticism,"
Angell went on.
But in striving for leadership,
the literary colleges run into new
troubles, Angell explained. Many
students come to college with ad-
vanced placement, and therefore
spend a shorter time n the uni-
versity community: "At Harvard,
for example, one fourth of last
year's graduates had entered as
sophomores.'
"A second such troublesome
problem is that many students to-
day become oriented toward pro-
fessional training well before they
graduate,"rhe said. "Thus they do
not participate as much in the

Turkey over Cyprus.
This is an effort Johins
reportedly feels may be
ing.
Officials said the Presid
encouraged by his twoc
talks concluded Tuesday w
mier Ismet Inonu of Turk
he met for more than a
yesterday with Papa
launching two more daysc
cussions.
At the United Nations,'
Foreign Minister Feridun
Erkin ruled out direct Cypr
between the prime mini
Greece and Turkey.
Erkin accompanied '
Prime Minister Ismet In
UN headquarters for a
meeting with Secretary-
U Thant on hte Cyprus pr
UN spokesman said Inonu1
en Thant a full report onI
with President Lyndon B
son in Washington.
A meeting between the
leader and Greek Prime1
Papandreou was reported t
of the objectives pushed b;
son, who had met with
earlier in the week.
Johnson No
lChiefof St(
WASHINGTON () -P
Lyndon B. Johnson pass
1.3 senior generals yesterda
52-year-old Lt. Gen. H
Johnson, a Bataan death
survivor, as the Army's n
of staff.
At the same time, the P
chose 49-year-old Lt. Gen
ton W. Abrams, who fo
Gen. George Patton's cr
Armored Division in Wo
II, to be the Army's vi
of staff.

,Peat, S'l ous Plait'

(First in a series on University personalities in the news)
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
Every student knows the feeling of stuttering through the
initial phases of a foreign language. While the grim and sarcastic
teacher glares at him, the student lurches through the wrong article
Anglicizes the vowel sound and compounds his fracture with a mis-
emphasized ending.
After the teacher's reprimand, the student mutters to himself:
"That guy's such a perfectionist, you'd think he's a machine."
The student may not realize how prohetic he is. A University
researcher named Roger Buiten has developed an experimental device
which will some day be able to replace that teacher in giving repeti-
tion and drill training. The machine's job will be to work with
the student on simple sentences until he begins to sound like a

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