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August 05, 1964 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1964-08-05

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Scientists Attack

Water Pollution

River a few miles east of the
University campus. It is on the
grounds of the Ann Arbor waste-
water treatment plant.
With electric pumps feeding
water from the Huron into the ar-
tificial creek, researchers can
pump up to 450 gallons of water
a minute through the river's
The long-range goal of the ex-
periments is to find out precisely
how rivers rid themselves of their
organic wastes. The immediate
target is to unlock the secrets of.
Sphaerotilus natans, an unusual
bacteria which creates damaging
slime formations that float on and
clog rivers throughout the world.
The organism, though present in
almosttall rivers, has in the past
proved almost impervious to scien-
tific efforts.
If the researchers succeed in
their attempts to find the nature
of the organism and discover ways
to control it in its slime-forming
activities, their work could bear
two important results, the scien-
tists say.
First, if the slime-forming or-
ganism were controlled, many
rivers now hostile to fish life
would be open to it. This is be-
cause the slime. covering on rivers
often uses most of the water's
oxygen, depriving the fish of the
oxygen they need to survive. If it
were to be removed, the fish would
have much less competition for
the oxygen.
This would lead to a second ad-
vantage. If slime on rivers carry-
ing industrial waste could be con-
trolled, the rivers could carry per-
haps twice as much waste as they
do now without harm to the life
in the river. Communities trying
to attract new industries would
benefit from this, for interested
industries would see ways of dis-
posing of larger amounts of waste
without harming local rivers.
Despite their ambitious goal of
discovering controls for a princi-
pal cause of river slime, the health
school experiments would be but
a small part of any proposed over-
all attack on the nation's pollu-
tion problems, Prof. John Gannon,
director of the project's field crew,
He notes that the health school
experiments are studying organic
pollution-widespread loss of water
oxygen-which is but one of the
three major types of pollution.
And the organism which is the.
subject of the experiment is but
one of hundreds which have a
part in causing organic pollution.
The other two types of pollu-
tion are bacterial pollution-that
which makes water unfit to drink
but leaves it safe for most fish-
and radioactive pollution.
The present experiment has
roots going back over a year. The
United States Department of Pub-
lic Health gave the health school
a five-year grant for the study in

Noar Sees Idenity Problem
Lack of an adequate male modelsP l
both at home and at school drives she explained. "But you have to known stability and they
many lower class Negroes into look at the fact that in slavery know it here. The pattern of
gang life, Gertrude Noar, director Negroes were not permitted to riage is serial monogamy.
of the Anti-Defamation League, organize stable families. Very often man moves out for one or ar
said at the Universito esterda the slave owner would not permit reason, and another man in
iy ye y, them to marry. Families that were moves in.
With schools being more rapidly formed, even with marriage, were
integrated as a result of the pas- broken up at the will of the slave "The children of these cor
sage of the civil rights bill, teach- owner who had no regard for the law marriages often do not
ers will need more understanding sanctity of marriage. The father which man is their father.
of the pattern of life of the very might be sold in one direction, the produces, especially in adolesi
poor American Negro, Miss Noar wife in another, and the children confusion with regard to ide
said. in another. The children will often tak
"Since these children often come Stability name of the man who happe
from broken homes, teachers have "The Negro families that are be living at home at the time
the feeling that the Negro home coming up from the South to the police call this taking an
has failed in moral responsibility," big northern cities have never But an alias is an attem
__ escape identity; these childre
-- trying to establish identity.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETI N "The women who support
transient husbands and a

The Daily Official Bulletin is an public health, ed., or rel. field, &
official publication of the Univer- yrs. professional exp. comm. organ,
sity of Michigan for which The dev. of related ed. materials, or related
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial work.
responsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room Eaton Manufacturing Co., Cleveland,
3564 Administration Building before Ohio-Tech. Mkt. Research Analyst.
2 p.m. of the day preceding publica- EE or ME. 1 to 10 yrs. exp. design &
tion, and by 2 p.m. Friday for Satur- develop. electromech. prod. & com-
day and Sunday. ponents.
City Civil Service Comm., Flint, Mich.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 5 -Civil Engineer. Degree in civ. engrg.
Pref. one yr. exper. U.S. citizen.
Day C lend ar For further information, please call
General Div.,, Bureau of Appointments,
University Players, Dept. of Speech n 3200 SAB, Ext. 3544.
and School of Music Opera -- Daniel
Auber's "Fra Diavolo," Josef Blatt, mu-
sic director and conductor; Ralph Her,-
bert, stage director: Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre, 8 p.m.___ORGAN IZATION
School of Music Stanley Quartet -
Gilbert Ross, violin; Gustave Rosseels, NOTICES
violin; Robert Courte, viola; Jerome
Jelinek, cello; Rackham Lecture Hall,
8:30 p.m.

Odiorne Book
Chosen by Club
A book written by Prof. George
S. Odiorne of the business admin-
istration school has been chosen
as the selection of the month by
the Business Leader's Book Club
of New York.
Originally published in 1961, the
book, "How Managers Make
Things Happen," is now in its
fifth domestic printing. It has
been published in several foreign
Cited by the book club board as
"a new concept of management in
action," the book draws a sharp
distinction between administrators
-"those who watch what goes on
and react to others' behavior"-
and mianagers, who provide a more
compelling leadership function-
"those who decide that something
should happen, and cause it to
occur." Odiorne proposes that
there is an oversupply of the
former and a serious shortage of
the latter.
EV ,Sr
NDS "Take note college
men! Here's the Wash
fl~ ~//' nWear slack that never
98 needs ironing . just
wash . . dry and wear.
6"l le t-r~s eas they
sta pessd.They lock like
they just came from the pres.
sers. Point Two _, ..they're style
slim and tapered with frontier'
pockets and continental waist.
Choice of Black, Olive or Tan.
Also available in ivy styling with
belt loops.

-Daily-Kamalakar Rao
A RESEARCHER checks the rate of flow, using a spinning-cup mechanism, in the 200 foot long
artificial creek scientists at the public health school have built beside the Huron River near the
campus. The purpose of the experiment is to find methods of controlling a slime-forming organism
present in most of the nation's rivers and a cause of much water pollution.

1963. In March, the experimenters
built a 15-foot long river inside a
laboratory at the public health
school. To learn what makes the
slime organism thrive, they began
feeding it controlled amounts of
After weeks of juggling minute
amounts of phosphorus, nitrogen
and carbohydrates, they found the
right combination. Long, colorless'
strands of the organism began
forming in the artificial creek.
Assembling the various nutrients
which had finally caused the bac-
teria to grow, the researchers
made a startling discovery-the

Across Campus

The University Players and the
music school will premier Daniel
Auber's "Fra Diavolo" in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre today at 8
p.m. Josef Blatt is music director
and Ralph Herbert stage director.
Stanley Quartet ...
The Stanley Quartet will per-
form in Rackham Lecture Hall to-
day at 8:30 p.m. The group fea-
tures Gilbert Ross, violin, Gustave

Rosseels, violin, Robert Courte,
viola, and Jerome Jelinek, cello.
A book sale will be held from
8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. today on
the fourth floor of the UGLI. The

combination was just like molas-
So they bought a barrel of mo-
They have been using the molas-
ses since then to grow the slime
organism. They moved their ex-
periment to the field shortly after
the discovery, after figuring out
how to construct the new, much
longer artificial creek.
On? of the experimental de-
vices is the fluorometer, which
they use to measure the rate of
flow in the artificial creek. Mi-
nute amounts of fluorescent dye
are put into the water at the in-
flow point, and the fluorometer
reacts when the dye passes it.
During the coming weeks, the
experimenters will keep adjusting
their river until they achieve the
correct flow-rate and channel
configuration for their purposes.
Then they will start feeding in
very small amounts of the molas-
ses, and begin accumulating in-
formation on the growth and de-
struction of the slime formations.
They plan to continue their ac-
tivities beside the Huron River for
about a year, but will dismantle
the apparatus when the tempera-
Zindell Oldsmobile Inc.
907 N. Main St.
Ann Arbor-NO 3-0507

ture begins to fall below freezing
in October. They have materials
sufficient to lengthen the creek
to over 600 feet, but have as yet
made no plans to do so..
The scientists indicate that they
might, after about a year, move
their apparatus to a polluted river
and run experiments with its
water. The Huron River's water,
which has an ample supply of
oxygen, is not polluted.
Hatcher To Attend.
Washington Parley
University President Harlan
Hatcher will participate in a con-
ference on higher education at the
White House Aug. 13.
The session, which will bring
together state college presidents
from across the country, was call-
ed by President Lyndon B. John-
son. Press Secretary George Reedy
said conference participants will
examine problems common to
state colleges with the goal of
formulating remedial federal pro-

General Notices
Interim Faculty-Staff Directory: Staff
offices, departments, and institutes
that have not received their copies of
the Interim Faculty-Staff Di ectory
showing new Centrex telephone numbers
should call University Publications,
Ext. 3473 with this information. Please
indicate eth number of directories or-
dered so that these can be delivered.
G Placement
General American Transportation
Corp., Chicago-Assist. to corp. off. In-
volves Indust. mkt, research, econ. re-
search, bus. ',model simul. BA' in
Physics, Math, Mech. or Elect. Engrg.
and adv. degree in Bus. Ad. or Econ.
Computer programming ability essen-
Edgars Warehouses, Detroit-Manage-
ment Consultants. Extensive travel. BA
req. Supervisory exp. pref.
United Fruit Company, Boston -
Newsletter Editor. Assist. Prod. Pub.
Prog. One yr. exp. in newspaper or pub.
Exp. in gen. pub.
Utility Company, Southeastern Mich
igan-1. Personnel Training. Exp. In
teaching or training field. 2.ESuper-
visor trainee. Female; recent grad.
Warnr-Lambert Pharmaceutical Co.,
Morris Plains, N.J.-Information Scien-
tist. Degree in bio. sci.; pref. pharmacy.
Exp. or strong interest inform. index-
ing, retrieval systems.
Civil Service, Madison, Wis. - Health
Education Scientist. Adv. degree in
Sales, Service & Parts
319W. Huron

books for sale include
plicates, gifts to the
and works of fiction
library does not need.
range from 10 cents

many du-
which the
Prices will
to over aI



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