THE MICHIGAN DAILY
sian Peasants: HungerNot Ideology
Ma or Crime Rises 10 Per C
EDITOR'S NOTE: When Western
rillzation rose, Asia already was
dent. Today the burden of un-
rpromising centuriesrhas brought
illions to the hopeless conclu-
in that there is no tomorrow.
>t with any hope or promise. And
their agony there is an anger.
inrad Fink, Associated Press bu-
au chief in New Delhi, summarizes
e substance of that agony and
By CONRAD FINK
Associated Press Writer
NEW DELHI--Pai Chong-Rok,
a 24-year-old South Korean farm-
er, summed up Asia's agony one
(Continued from Page 1)
working day. Today, they will
park in the regular lots, free of
The protestors backed up their
demands with several claims:
--They said that since there is
much more open space on North
Campus, there is no need to build
the expensive parking structures
that have been constructed else-
-They pointed out that the
student population on North Cam-
pus is ;much :smaller, both abso-
lutely and proportionately, than
that on Central Campus. Since
students are those who created
most University traffic congestion
problems, North Campus non-stu-
dent personnel should not pay the
fees, they said.
-They said that the parking
lots on North Campus had been
built by Phoenix Project funds as
free employe parking lots, and
that an institution should not tax
its own employees for parking in
their own parking lot.
University officials replied that
the plans for North and Central
Campus are not identical. They
adder that some parking controls
were needed on North Campus.
They also observed that the Cen-
tral Campus plan "has worked
well," despite initial protests.
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FRIDAY, JULY 24
University ;Crest Club-Tiger-Yankee
doubleheader: Leave Michigan League
south entrance, 5:45 p.m.
Doctoral Examination for Fredric Nel-
son Bailey, Electrical E gineering; thes-
is: "Stability of Interconnected Sys-
tems," Fri., 3035 East Engineering Bldg.,
t 11 am Co-Chairmen, A. B. Macnee
and K. B. Irani.
SLeadership Development Project -
United 'States Assistant Commissioner
for Vocational and Technical Educa-
tion ,Dr. Walter Arnold will speak on
"Need for Leadership on National Lev-
el-Results of Recent Legislation" in
Boom 2014, University School, 9 a.m.
Astronomical Colloquium: Fri., July
24, 4 p.m., .Room 807, Physics-Astronomy
BRg. Helene. R. Bickel will speak' on
lected H iI Regions in the Magel-
lanic Clouds," and John H. Dickel will
speak on "Microwave Observations ,of
For Other Events of the Day see the
Across Campus listings elsewhere on
French and German Screening Exams:
* The screening exams in Fr ncb and Ger-
man for Doctoral candidates will be ad-
ministered on Thurs., July 30 from 7-9
p.m. in Aud. B, Angell Hall. Doctoral
candidates must pass the screening
examination before taking the written
test in French Or German,: unless they
have received B or better in French Ill
or German 111. Those who fail the
examination may take it again when
the test is administered in September.
Graduate Outing Club, Swimming,
July 26, 1:45 p.m., Rackham, Huron St.
I DIAL 662-62641
cold November day in the squalid
village of Myung Dong.
"I don't know what we'll do," he
said, and he wept in his despair.
Pai, like millions of Asians,
walks with the burdens of cen-
turies on his shoulders. Both he
and his land are worn out. His
children are sick. Moneylenders
have mortgaged his soul, as they
did his father's.
And Pai wept because he could
not look forward to anything bet-
ter, only more of the same..
"Nonsense"-it was a gay young
American tourist, safe in the com-
fortably plush lobby of Tokyo's
Imperial Hotel. "Nonsense, they
have never known anything else
exists. They are really quite hap-
But "they" do know. And "they"
are not happy.
Blood, Sweat, Tears
All across Asia-in the barren
hills of Korea, the jungles of Viet
Nam, the plains of India--this is
what it's all about. This is what
is behind the bloodshed, turmoil
and agony of Asia.
Pai Chong-Rok and millions like
him know that other people in
)ther lands get a day's pay for a
day's work, don't have to sellj
themselves to moneylenders and
can look forward to being sur-
rounded by healthy children in old
And "they"--all the Pai Chong-
Roks--are out to get theirs.
Democracy? Communism? East-
West power balance?
You tramp many dusty miles
through India's villages or wade a
lot of :rice paddies in Viet Nam
before finding anyone who really
understands what those words
But you don't travel far before
finding someone who can describe
with shattering simplicity what
hunger pains feel like. Or what
it is to see a child die of smallpox
or cholera or malaria - diseases
all but wiped out in more pros-
perous areas of the world.
And, if you linger a while, you
find just below the surface a boil-
If the Chinese Communists and
their comrades in Viet Nam, Ko-
rea and Laos miscalculate on any-
thing else, they understand com-
pletely this anger. They are busy
building empires on it.
I listened one rainy night in a
battered, shell-torn village in
South Viet Nam as an army ma-
jor translated instructions from
Ho Chi Minh's red regime in the
north to Communist Viet Cong
guerrillas fighting in the south.
The instructions were taken
from a guerrilla's body.
Speak softly to the people, the
instructions said, "promise them
rice, land and freedom from co-
lonialists. The people are the sea
in which you, the guerrillas, will
There had been no men in that
village when government troops
stormed in with their American
"They've all joined the Viet
Cong," the major said apologet-
All is not that dark, of course.
America, with its power, hope and
way of life, has won brave men
to its cause.
One day in the sweltering jun-
gle of Viet Nam's Thanhi Phu
Peninsula, I watched little Viet-
namese troopers, hardly taller than
the U.S.-made M1 rifles they car-
ried, jump from behind protective
dikes andcharge head on into
deadly guerrilla fire.
No one gave the command be-
cause cautious mcn were seeking
cover that day. But the little troop-
ers-those who still lived-charg-
A nation could not hope for
And no nation could send bet-
ter men to this far-off part of the
world than America has.
GREENWOOD, JACKSON, BROOKLYN
La, Riots Mark Race Front
(Continued from Page 1),
the free exercise of his right to
full and equal enjoyment . . . of
a motion picture house."
The maximum penalty provided
by the new civil rights law for
such violations is a fine of up to
$5000 and imprisonment of up to
In Jacksonville, a federal court
ruled that two St. Augustine res-
taurants must serve Negroes as
required by the civil rights law.
Threats from Whites
The court issued temporary in-
junctions, effective in 30 days.
The extra time is to allow for
something to be done about white
segregationists, who, according to
testimony, have threatened busi-
nesses that accept Negroes.
This reiterated the action Wed-
nesday in Atlanta.
The defendants in yesterday's
case testified that they refused
service to Negroes out of fear of
violence from a white group.
But the two peaceful moves in
the South were more than co-ii
pensated for by the disorder
spreading through Brooklyn in
the sixth day of rioting since the
shooting of a Harlem youth Sat-
Yesterday's events brought the
toll to one man dead by gunfire;
140, including 48 policemen, in-
jured; 478 arrests and 673 proper-
While Negro youths rages,
through Brooklyn yelling and
smashing store windows, N' s-)
leaders made public two basic de-
--Establishment of an impar-
tial n'n-police board to review
complaints of police brutality.
of police Lt.Thomas R. Giil gan,
whose gunshot sparked the pro-
tests that ended in riutirg in
Harlem over the weekend and in
Brooklyn this weekend.
Gilligan said he was irving to
break up a neighborhood dispute
and fired because the boy, James
Powell, came at him with a knife.
James Farmer, national director
of the Congress of Rascial Equal-
ity, said the Negro demand for
an independent review board is
"the crux of the matter."
He and other Negro leaders
joined in ignoring a blueprint for
improving conditions announced
Wednesday by Mayor Wagner.
Wagner's program includes
stepped-up efforts to improve
There was red-haired, energetic
Lt. Col. Frank B. Clay, son of the
famous Gen. Lucius D. Clay, who
while advising South Viet Nam's
7th Division argued for social and
economic reforms to consolidate
the army's gains against the guer-
"The military is only a small
part of it," he said over and over.
"If you can't win the support of
the people you can't win the war."
S First Fight
There was young Capt. Jerry
Scott of Ada, Okla., who came
down off a hill in Korea at dawn,
flushed with excitement because
he had seen combat for the first
time - against a North Korean
"It was a helluva fight," Scott
The Clays, Scotts and Vietna-
mese troopers, brave as they are,
don't hold the key to victory ir,
Asia, however. The combat sol-
diers themselves say the key is
held only by farsighted national
leaders who understand the ap-
peal the Communists have and
why they have it.
South Viet Nam's President
Diem didn't understand or, at
least, couldn't convince his own
soldiers that he did, so last year
he died in a revolution.
But those who understand are
trying desperately to beat the
Communists to the punch, try-
ing to quell the anger in their
own people before the Reds ar-
rive to sell their "solutions" to
India's leaders, among others,
have heard the call for jobs, rice
and security. Supported by mas-
sive U.S. aid, they're trying to an-
Do they have time? No one
Even Nehru, adored by the mass-
es, could not produce results fast
enough. He lived to see 10,000
demonstrators march on parlia-
ment and shout "Nehru get out.'
South Korea's President Chung
Lee Park, who seized power three
years ago, has been in trouble
from the beginning, always a half
step behind the people's desires
for increased political liberty and
economic well-being. They want
it now-now, not later.
The signs that time is short
worry Asia's non-Communist lead-
ers. They feel compelled to pro-
duce and produce quickly. And
in their rush, some make mis-
Plans Go Astray
United States aid officials in
South Korea despair to see how
neatly planned economic plans go
wrong when there is a stampede
for quick results, for something
flashy to buy time.
American economic experts in
India measure the effect of mas-
sive U.S. aid in almost infinitesi-
mal terms-terms that would make
hard-headed bankers blanch. So
much must be spent just to feed
"What's the percentage in all
this?" an American is likely to
On the surface, Asia's agony
is the huge powers pushing and
tugging across Asia. This has
been going on for centuries.
But now there is a difference
-Pai Chong-Rok and the other
ragged, hungry millions.
"They" are determined to get
AN NAACP representative was forced into his car last night
when he tried to urge Negro' youths in Brooklyn to cease their
protesting and go home. He was hooted and booed by 'the
youths. Rioting in 'Brooklyn and Harlem streets entered its
fifth day yesterday following a
lem youth aturday.
slum conditions, the addition of
Negroes to the police force, re-
straints upon police power and re-
view of police tactics.
Wagner stopped short, however,
of setting up the kind of review
policeman's srooting of a Har-
board the Negroes have demand-
Rev. Richard A. Hildebrand,
president of the New York Chap-
of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored Peo-
ple, said the mayor "seemed more
interested in protecting citizens
coming from outside New York
than citizens in Harlem being bru-
talized by police and endangered
by live bullets."
will preview "The Golden
and "Legend of Johnny
Appleseed" at 1:30 p.m. today in
the Multipurpose Rm. of the
Cinema Guild will present Bus-
ter Keaton in "The General";
Charlie Chaplin in "Caught in the
Rain"; Edgar Kennedy in "A Pair
of Tights"; and Mac Sennett's
"Lizzies of the Field" at 7 and
9 p.m. today in the Architecture
Double Stars .. .
Prof. William Calder from An-
ness Scott College, Decatur, Ga.,
will explain "What We Learn from
Double Stars" at 8:30 p.m. today
in Aud. D.
BAHA'I WORLD FAITH
310 E. WILLIAM
UNIVERSITY PLAYERS (Dept. of Speech)
Next Week, Wed.-Sat.
A THURBER CARNIVAL
8;00 P.M.-Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
Proudly Presents Tonight
with Buster Keaton
CAUGHT IN THE RAIN
with Charlie Chaplin
Plan Now To
The Opera Department, School of Music in
i Mal w