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July 24, 1964 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1964-07-24

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Severn ty-Third YearU
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Japanese Calligraphy Taste fully Done

Y, JULY 24, 1964


FBI Investigation
Can Only Inflame Harlem

HE FBI is investigating "the possibil-
ity of violation of federal laws" in
t weekend's Harlem riots.
'Violence and lawlessness cannot, must
t and will not be tolerated," President
hnson said this week in ordering his
feral agents into the strife-torn Negro
q day earlier, FBI Director J. Edgar
over called for a halt to excessive len-
.cy for offenders. Leniency, he said,
ids to "ignore the victim and obscure
a right of a free society to equal pro-
tion under the law."
'he sad thing is that neither Hoover
r the FBI can possibly protect that
;ht. In fact, they are the last people
the world who should have been sent
"investigate" Harlem.
EW YORK MAYOR Robert F. Wagner
has set forth a broad program call-
for restraints on police power, greater
itacts with the city's minority groups
: stepped-up efforts against poverty.
e FBI, he said, is in Harlem "solely to
.st, support and supplement what we
already doing in the way of meeting
threats to law and order."
iarlem needs programs like Wagner's.
does not need the FBI. It does not
ed the unearthing of federal viola-
Por legal proceedings against people
o have little or no reason to obey the
vs of "their" country are not only
aningless but self-defeating. Or do
anson and Hoover believe that the riot-
in Harlem was carried on by wilful
n who had no other emotions than a
ious desire to disrupt law and order?
HAT LAW? What order? For Har-
lem's blacks there can be little but
itempt for the "laws" of a system that
s categorically excluded them from its
vileges. There can be little but con-
ipt for the "order" of the lives they
d, an order which oppresses them,
ettoizes them, forces them to continue
r after year in the same miserable
Chat the violence even now continu-
in Harlem and Brooklyn solved none
the Negroes' problems is certain. But
s also certain that if violence is to be

eliminated as an expression of deep frus-
trations and angers, it is the source of
those emotions and not the violence
which must be attacked.
Yet the FBI is certainly no social agen-
cy. Its job is law enforcement, not crime
prevention or social reform. It is ques-
tionable if its director even recognizes
the influences of social conditions.
EVEN IF THE FBI does uncover viola-
tions of concern to the federal gov-
ernment-Hoover claims that Commu-
nists and other "extremists" might have
inspired the rioting-there is still almost
nothing to be gained for Harlem.'
It is hard to believe that Communists,
even if they were behind the rioting, had
to push people very far. It is hard to
believe that the arrest of these organizers
would decrease the legitimate demands
and the justifiable anger of Harlemites.
And arrests certainly would do nothing
for the social conditions in that area.
At the same time, however, the whole
"law enforcement" aura surrounding the
FBI can only make it appear to Negroes
in Harlem that the federal government
is concerned solely with maintaining the
game of lawfulness. Even worse, to all
those Harlem Negroes who sympathize
with the emotions of the rioters, even if
they did not sympathize with the riot-
ing, the FBI represents vengeance de-
scending upon them. And it is the percep-
tions of the FBI by Harlemites and not
FBI intentions that are significant.
IF THE ORIENTATION toward "lawless-'
ness' of the FBI agents is anything
like that of their chief, that perception
will consist of disillusionment, insult and
Extremists could be uncovered far bet-
ter if local forces were to gain some de-
gree of confidence from Harlemites and
solicit their cooperation In finding the
hate-peddlers. But it is not simply that
the FBI is not needed in Harlem, nor that
its purposes 'are in no way relevant to
Harlem's real needs.
The most important consideration is
that the FBI will actually inflame the al-,
ready contemptuous and angry feelings
which Harlem has for the "System."

Ann Arbor has a unique op-
portunity through August of view-
ing one of the most highly regard-
ed art forms in the Far East, the
art of calligraphy, in an exhibi-
tion of Modern Japanese Calli-
graphy at the University Museum
of Art. The twenty-five works and
eight two-panel screens, brought
to this country under the auspices
of the American Federation of
Arts, offers selected examples of
some of Japan's leading calli-
At first glance, the unfamiliar
appearance and strangeness of
Japanese calligraphy might dis-
courage the Western viewer from
either pursuing a further investi-
gation of its merits or create the
idea that because of its seemingly
simple form and content, there is
really not much there that war-
rants investigation and under-
standing, let alone appreciation
for a non-Japanese.
To gain a greater measure of
understanding and enjoyment of
this exhibition, it might be well
to begin with a brief discussion
of the materials, tools and techni-
ques employed in the execution of
these calligraphic works.
THE INK, or "sumi," which is
used in the creation of the ma-
jority of these ideograms, is made
from either the soot of burnt pine-
wood or of oil smoke (lamp-black)
mixed with a kind of gum, warm-
ed, left to solidify, and then
moulded into flat or round stics
which are then rubbed and dis-
solved in water on a flat stone
slab with a surface sloping to
form a well.
The bristles of the highly ver-
satile brushes which are used, vary
in size from less than aninch in
length to several inches in length
and thickness, the latter of which
are required for writing the huge
characters that may be two or
more feet high.
Much thought is given to the
papers on which the written char-
acters are executed which vary in
texture, color, absorbency, and
applied decorative design in order
to produce a variety of effects
appropriate to the style of the
writing and the content of the
poem or saying that is being tran-
* * *
THE WORKS on display are
further enhanced by being hand-
somely matted and framed in a
stunning array of rich silks and
brocades which have been care-
fully selected to set off the char-
acters themselves and to further
convey the mood and expressive
quality of the writing.
In creating a piece of writing, a
calligrapher thinks first of the
structure of the single characteis
with a view to their forming esthe-
tically pleasing patterns in them-
selves; then he considers their
arrangement in the whole of the
work in which he strives for a
skillful balance and variety of
size, value; space and visual weight
while at the same time aiming at
a feeling of consistency, cohesive-
ness and unity of the elements of
design which he is manipulating
* * *
THIS REQUIRES perfect co-
operation between mind and hand,
such as can only be achieved by
years of assiduous practice. It is
a, cooperation vitalized by the emo-
tional energy of the artist at the
moment of writing which results
in forms of unique individuality.
The principles on which the
strokes are balanced into a beauti-
ful pattern are not those of sym-
metry, but depend upon a kind
of inherent feeling in the writer.

The control and precision with
which the brush is manipulated
must be accompanied by a sense
of spontaneity and freedom which
should result in a quality of beauty
that is essentially the beauty of
plastic movement, not a designed
and motionless shape.
The esthetic complexities of this
art find their equivalents in the
technical means by which it is
executed. The esthetics of Japan-
ese calligraphy is simply this: that
a beautiful form should bebeauti-
fully and tastefully executed.,
* * *
FOR A FURTHER understand-
ing and appreciation of this exhi-
bition, the viewer is advised to
read the labels and English tran-
slations which accompany each,
work, keeping in mind that many
of them offer at least only an
equivalent in meaning. Then he
should judge for himself if the

calligrapher has been successful
in reflecting the content of the
writing in the calligraphic form
and style which he has chosen to
interpret so as to give further
significance and meaning to this
written communication of a
thought while at the same time
striving for a sense of individual-
ity and expression.
Instead of becoming yet another
in a series of unfathomable orien-
tal puzzles for the West, this ex-
hibition of Modern Japanese Cal-
ligraphy is capable of providing
further insight into one of the
many artistic and creative expres-
sions of the Far East provided that
the Western viewer is willing to
keep an open, receptive and in-
quiring mind in order to derive
a greater sense of pleasure and
understanding of this particular
genre of Japanese art.
-Milan Mihal

Doubting Press Treats
Eisenhower Shabbily.

THIS JAPANESE CALLIGRAPHIC screen is part of a current
exhibit at the University Musuem of Art in Alumni Memorial Hall.
The sequence of execution of this type of art is from top to bottom,
and from right to left.
iSmoke the Bear'
And4 the Birch, Society

EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
fourth in a series of articles on the
Republican convention.
UNDOUBTEDLY, the most ma-
ligned individual at the Re-
publican convention was former
President Dwight D. Eisenhower,
who took a campaign of insults
and innuendoes from all sides.
Before the convention, he was
attacked by such journalistic
lights as Walter Lippmann, Emmet
John Hughes and Kenneth Craw-
form for his "failure to speak
out for a candidate."
He was hounded by a constant
barrage of candidates, prospective
candidates and newspaper report-
ers, trying to twist some state-
ment, some remark, some gesture,
as an indication of support for
someone or the rejection of some-
one else.
FAITHFULLY, the man tried on
every occasion to assert his neu-
trality. He stated it over and over
again. Every chance he got he
insisted upon it. He took that
stance last October, and he never
swayed from it once. Yet more
rumors sprang out of it than had
been wrung out of anything in a
long time.
Columnists assured the nation,
1 alternatively and simultaneously,
that Eisenhower was: against
Goldwater; for Lodge; for Scran-
ton; for his brother Milton; for
Romney. The candidates rushed'
about, each claiming his: endorse-
ment; encouragement; friendship;
It got ludicrous, and still the
man repeated and repeated that
he wasn't supporting anyone-he
was completely neutral.
* * *
SO, HAVING figured that out
at last, the newspapers and the
candidates began on a campaign
of guilt by association. They point-
ed to brother Edgar and nephew
Earl who supported Goldwater;
they pointed to brother Milton
who supported (at the last min-
ute) Scranton; they pointed to
former Eisenhower Secretary of
Defense Gates who was boosting
Rockefeller; they pointed to for-
mer Eisenhower Secretary of the
Treasury Humphrey who was sup-
porting Goldwater.
As the GOP convention ap-
proached, brother Milton was per-

suaded by the Scranton forces to
come to San Francisco by rail
with the general and try to dis-
suade him from neutrality-in any
case, get some indication of sup-
THE SCRANTON publicity ma-
chine ground out the propaganaa:
Ike was helping Milton with his
nominating speech for Scranton;
Ike and Milton were having long
philosophical discussions and the
general wanted so badly to take a
But Eisenhower arrived in San
Francisco, and hadn't endorsed
So the Scranton forces tried a
new trick. They berated the Gold-
water-dominated platform com-
mittee for not having mentioned
Ike in the platform. That's all
right, the general said. Why shouid
they? But nobody listened.
The newspapers tried to imply
that Ike and Mamie were not
wholeheartedly greeted when they
came to the convention oee kn
Tuesday.'But that is untrue; their
reception was wild and enthusias-
tic. Gbldwater people stood up and
cheered heartily for the only GOP
winner in three decades.
* * *
ed that Goldwater snubbed Ike,
refused to call upon him, and t1 at
the convention also ignored him
after Tuesday. Yet the trW . was
that Goldwater did keep irk touch
with the general, and it was the
general's wish, .due to his profess-
ed neutrality, that he not be in-
cluded In the political wheeling
and dealing.
.* *. *
SMALL WONDER that the for-
mer President lashed ous at his
newspaper critics in his public
address on Tuesday. And while
Kenneth Crawford was mulling
about how the press "had been so
good to Ike" during his adminis.,
tration, he seemed to forget that
this was only out of respect for
a news source, and nor out of
respect for a man.
If there is any doubt of this, one
has only to look at the treatment
of Eisenhower since the inception
of the GOP campaign last fall.
The general's position has been
clear, consistent and unswerving,
but his treatment in return has
been indescribably shabby.

Shielding MSU Students,

'HOSE WHO HAVE BEEN quick to com-
plain about the University's somewhat
nlted speaker policy will surely sym-
thize with the recent report that a
ay containing the words "damn" and
igger" has been banned from the edu-
tional television outlet of Michigan
ate University. To be sure, the analogy
dtween denying Communist propagan-
aers the right to speak on campus and
rbidding the usage of certain words or
rases in a university-sponsored televi-
>n program can only be taken so far;
t where infringement upon freedom of
ought and expression is concerned, the
ghtest such action could easily lead to
ore fearful actions by administrators.;
rhe play in question, a 12-minute, two-
aracter story called "Boy," was written
the Episcopal chaplain of Wayne State
iiversity, Malcolm Boyd; and in com-
)n with two other short plays written
him for presentation at the same time,
deals strongly with race relations. But
fore broadcast time rolled around Sun-
y, July 12, station director Armand
inter had cast aside the offending play
d aired only the other two-whose lan-
age apparently was pure enough for
e ears of MSU students. In place of
oy," a commentary on the dramas was
fered by an MSU faculty member.
Eunter was quick to offer two reasons
y the play should not have been
oadcast. The first was his reported
tement that the words "damn" and
igger" had never been used over the
tion in his eight years as director,
ich in itself speake volumes about the
bent of freedom of expression allotted
those who submit material to the MSU
IS SECOND REASON, that as far as
he was concerned the two offending

words were not vital to the play, causes
one to question why Hunter felt he knew
more about the given play than did the
writer himself. Certainly the station di-
rector cannot really suppose that he
knows better than the writer which words
are vital to a play and which are not. It
is obvious that'whatever rights of censor-
ship the director of a television station
may have, Hunter has overstepped the
thin line between constructive censor-
ship and abridgement of freedom of ex-
Rev. Boyd, in defending his script, spoke
truly when he said that "educational tele-
vision is not Ito be an ivory tower ... (it)
does have responsibilities in artistic and
academic freedom." It is fortunate that
such a statement has been made by a
member of the clergy, a group which up
until fairly recently has often sat on its
hands where such controversial issues are
It isrmore fortunate still that such a
strong dramatization of social protest as
"Boy" could have been written by a man
of the cloth; Rev. Boyd deserves no small
accolade for the way he has made life a
part of religion, as well as making reli-
gion a part of life.
unfortunate incident in East Lansing?
If Hunter thinks that he is shielding the
students of MSU by not allowing them to
know of the deprecating manner in
which Negroes have been addressed or
by changing the "m" in "damn" to an
"r," he is sadly mistaken. If he con-
siders his own objections to the words or
to the context in which they were used
as a sufficient excuse for banning Rev.
Boyd's play, he is sadly mistaken. If he
thinks that any true benefit will accrue
to the students of MSU as a result of his
stand. he is msdv mistaken.

To the Editor:
WAS very happy to read Ross
Wilhelm's satire on the kind of
reasoning that groups like the
John Birch Society will use in
meeting the arguments and criti-
cisms leveled by writers like Jef-
frey Goodman.
Wilhelm's letter with its Smokey
the Bear analogy-devasting in its
biting satirel!-was especially ef-
fective in Alerting us to the meth-
ods groups like these will use in
order to becloud and confuse the
issue with smoke screens.
versity community that can pro-
duce such scholars as this, eager
to enter the fray to defend us
from the extremists.
-John Talayco
French Department
Pointless Analogy
To the Editor:
IN REPLY to Ross Wilhelm's
letter, I think it important to
note that not only does he mis-
represent the contents of my own
letter regarding the police stickers,
but he himself is somehow satis-
fied that a rather pointless anal-
ogy between Smokey the Bear and
the "innocent" police stickers is
sufficient refutation of the points
made by my letter and the edi-
torial of Jeffrey Goodman.
Wilhelm, and all persons who
tend to underrate the danger to
the United States from the John
Birch Society, ought to take time
to read the Blue Book of the
John Birch Society, the journal
American Opinion, and follow
other Birch publications closely.
There they will find not only the
origins of the police sticker cam-
paign but such statements as,
and I quote from page 159 of the
Blue Book, "democracy is merely
a- deceptive phrase, a weapon of
demagaguery, and a perennial
There they will find as well the
avowed intention to implement the
words of Senator Goldwater who,
in advocating extremism, thereby
advocates the major tactic of the
John Birch Society-using the
"Communists" methods against
the "Communists" in order to de-
fend freedom.
symptom, not a disease. Chief
Gainsley, and the Ann Arbor police
department are certainly not ac-
cused of fascist leanings, indeed
during National Police Week, such
stickers are appropriate. But the
facts are, for anyone who cares to
discover them, that the stickers
are in intention and conception,

read The Michigan Daily with in-
terest this summer. It is evident a
liberal flavor exists on the edi-
torial page.
This is fine if the editors feel
this way. This is where such feel-
ing belongs.
However, I was disappointed,
from a journalistic standpoint, to
see the apparently slanted treat-
ment given the story covering
Washtenaw County Conservatives
Chairman George F. Lemble's talk
on "Conservatism" Tuesday night
at the Union..
THE STORY, while it seems
factually correct, does not men-
tion the sponsor of the talk (the
University Young Republican
Club) or where he spoke and in
the next to the last paragraph
claims Lemble "lashed out" at
those who have attempted to in-
stigate violence.
I was in attendance at the
meeting which wa~s carried on in
an orderly, quiet manner with
question and answer disagreement
showing in a light vein. There
were no loud or demagogic state-
ments such as "lash out" would
imply. This active verb was picked
up in the headline and gives a
misleading impression of the at-
mosphere in which the talk oc-
ALTHOUGH I can't agree with
everything Lembie said, a paper's
first duty is to report news in as
an objective manner possible. I
would hope The Daily would not
jeopardize its fine national repu-
tation by sloppy reporting of this
-Jeff Schorr

Directory: The Book of Life

waited a long time for a work
which might truly, yet completely,
capture the spirit of mankind;
the summer Student Directory is
a dazzling capstone to the literary

"It's Not Going To Be Easy Giving Up These Seats"
.. : : ....? 1.t..J . .tt.** ....ti:tSh. I.t


arch which sits astride the stream
of humanity passing through it
and proclaims, "this, then, is life."
It was, I suppose, inevitable
that the ultimate work should take
this form. The greatness of any
literary work has always resided
in its ambiguity-a directrstate-
ment of plot has always been
simple-minded, historically perish-
able, and an impediment to uni-
versality. Until now, however, no
author has been able to suggest
more than a fraction of his story
by indirection. Faulkner, who rat-
ed his favorites by the scope of
their attempt, struggled against
an imperfect system.
The Student Directory sweeps
across the complete scope of hu-
manity-a nearly random sample
of the world, achieving nearly
complete ambiguity. Let there be
no doubt about it, the Directory
is not an easy book to lead, but
it is the book of life, and nature
does not easily yield up her secrets
unto lazy students.
* * *
DEC E P T I V E L Y purporting
simply to list its characters alpha-
betically, the Directly embodies
the perfect symmetry of human
experience ever achieved. And
there is no dialogue, that old dis-

t ''1

>> 1

W41 I


Registration: "Averbach . . . Baar
... Ackes . . . Baehr."
The lapse into argot in the ad-
vertisements is not easily for-
gotten. "K is for kitchen where


I !

-. U

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