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July 23, 1964 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1964-07-23

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Asian Crises Center on Borneo

Cites Need for School Ratings


socated Press Newsfeatures Writer
orneo, the world's third largest'
rd, is an unlikely place to fight

The Russian ambassador to In-
donesia, N. A. Michailosov, chimes
in: "The Soviet government and
people will keep on helping the
Indonesian people in their cam-
paign to crush the neo-colonialist
project in Malaysia.,'

It is mostly heavy jungle, rug-
ged and mountainous in the in-
terior and with few communica-
tions routes other than rivers.
Rainfall exceeds 100 inches an-
nually and the monsoon season is
long, November through May. The
interior is inhabited mostly by
semi-pagan Dyak tribes, some of
whom still hunt heads. The coastal
areas, mostly swampy, support a
hodge-podge of Chinese, Malays,
Arabs and Javanese.
There are, of course, the Brit-
ish, and there lies the rub. The
southern two-thirds of the island,
some 200,000 square miles, is call-
ed Kalimantan, and forms one of
the ten provinces of Indonesia.
Along the northern rim of the is-
land are the states of Sarawak
and Sabah (formerly called North
Borneo), and together with Ma-
laya and Singapore they form the
new nation of Malaysia. Malaysia,
with British protection, was born
in 1963, and President Sukarno of
Indonesia has sworn to liquidate
Border Fight.
A "nasty little guerrilla war is
already simmering along the rug-
ged 800-mile border between Kali-
mantan and Sarawak and Sabah.
It could become much more. As
usual in the world's trouble spots,
the Soviet Union is there, march-
ing side by side with Sukarno.
Western sources estimate that
Russian military aid to Indonesia
-including MIG fighters and
Badger twin-engine bombers-is
half a billion dollars or more.
"As to American aid to Indo-_
nesia-mainly non-military-Su-
karno has twice told U.S. Ambas-
sador Howard P. Jones "to hell
with your aid." He said it the last
time before a throng of 400,000
Indonesians, gathered in a park in
the shadow of the United States
Embassy. He explained that he
told this to Jones because "there
are circles in the United States)
who attach the condition to
their aid that Indonesia stop its
confrontation of Malaysia." Con-
frontation is a euphemism for war,
which has its economic counter-
TV enter Wins
Service Award

part in a boycott of Malaysian
products. Most of them filter
through Singapore, whose world
trade is the lifeblood of Malaysia.
Defense Minister Abdul Haris
Nasution states the Indonesian
'ase this way: "We are training
them (guerrillas) and President
3ukarno has even ordered us to
mobilize our volunteers to fight
together with the North Kaliman-
tan fighters to wipe out the Brit-
ish colonialist plot (the forma-
tion of Malaysia). We all have
the duty to end this foreign dom-
ination, which also would mean
the end of colonialism, imperial-
ism and foreign intervention in
Southeast Asia. The chief task of
the Indonesian armed forces is to
crush Malaysia."
Is Reviewed

The war has been mostly bor-
der infiltrations thus far, aided,
where possible, by internal sub-
version. Because of the rigors of
the interior country, there have
been end-run raids along the coast,
on the west and near Lundu, in
Sarawak, and on the east toward
Tawau, in Sabah. With an irony
the British find less than amus-
ing, the guerrillas are well-equip-
ped with American field clothing
and British, United States and
Belgian weapons. For his buzz-
ing raids on Kuching, capital of
Sarawak, Sukarno sends not his
Russian planes but B-25 Mitchell
bombers and P-51 Mustang fight-
We'll Fight
In the face of the Indonesian
offensive, Abdul Razak, defense
minister of Malaysia, says: "We
will defend ourselves with equal
vigor and determination." The
British have thrown in some of
the famed Gurkha fighters from
India, elements of the Comman-
dos, the King's Own Yorkshire
Light Infantry, the Royal Air
Force and the Royal Navy. Alto-
gether, British forces in Borneo
total perhaps 6000, against an In-
donesian armed force of 240,000.

Michigan has a pressing need
to develop a plan which would
accredit an entire public or private
school system rather than the sen-
ior high schools alone, according
to Ray Kehoe, associate director
of the University Bureau of School
"We need quality programs for
all grades and levels o feduca-
tion," said Kehoe.
"It is important that a balance
of quality be maintained in the
elementary and junior high schools
as well as in senior high school,"
he noted.
Kehoe reported that during re-
cent years, financial crises have
necessitated cutbacks in many
school systems: "Such cutbacks
have come first and heaviest in
grade eight and below. In many
school systems one finds a higher
teacher-pupil ratio in the lower
In addition, library services are
often nonexistent; art, music and
physical education are lacking or
sharply reduced in scope. More un-
qualified teachers are found in
elementary classrooms compared
to the senior high school.
Come to 'U'
More than 150 new doctors
joined the University Hospital in
July to begin a major step in their
professional careers.
Entering as interns and resi-
dents, the doctors are starting
personalized programs of clinical
training which may take one to
six years for completion.
Individual doctors are joining
each of the specialty areas from
allergy to X-ray.
The group brings the total num-
ber of doctors at the University

"A major reason for pressures
to reduce curriculum services in
the lower grades is the desire to
maintain an accredited high school
program. Costs of accredited sec-
ondary school programs have ris-
en sharply in recent years. More
diversified curriculums for col-
lege and terminal students are of-
Special Programs
Special education programs for
handicapped students are now
commonly found; library and guid-
ance services have expanded great-
ly also. Other factors which ac-
count for increased expenditures
are salary increases, higher fix-
ed operating costs, and a very
rapidly expanding school popula-
In circumstances such as these,
trouble arises for the administra-
tion of the school when, in a per-
iod of rising costs, income remains
stable and possibly even declines,
Kehoe said. Cutbacks in programs
are then necessary and are inev-
itably made first in the lower
grades inasmuch as accreditation
pressures are resistant to cutbacks
in the high school.
During periods of financial cris-
is it seems equitable to reduce pro-
grams at all levels and to strive
to maintain a reasonable balance
in the total school program, he
declared. School boards should
give up accreditation if it must

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3564 Administration Building before
2 p.m. of the day preceding publica-
tion, and by 2 p.m. ftiday for Satur-
day and Sunday.
Day Colendar
Audio-Visual Education Center Film
Preview-"The Kremlin: Its History and
Art": Multipurpose Room, Undergradu-
ate Library, 1:30 p.m.
Dept. of Linguistics Forum Lecture-
William Labov, Columbia University,
"Social and Chronological Structure of
Linguistic Variables": Rackham Amphi-
theatre, 7:30 p.m.
School of Music Duo-Piano Recital -
Eugene Bossart and Charles Fisher, with
Chamber Orchertsa, Gilbert Roos, con-
ductor, Rackham Lecture Hall, 8:30 p.m.
Doctoral Examination for Donald Louis
Rucknagel, Human Genetics; thesis:
"The Gene for Sickle Cell Hemoglobin
in the Wesorts: An Extreme Example
of Genetic Drift andthe Founder
Effect," Thurs., July 23, 302 Special
Projects Bldg., at 1:30 p.m. Chairman,
J. V. Neel.
Doctoral Examination for Robert Fish-
er Rosin, Communication Sciences;
thesis: "An Algorithm for Concurrent
Random walks on Highly Parallel Com-
puters," Fri., July 24, 1014 North Uni-
versity Bldg., at 9 a.m. Chairman, B. A.
United Nations Library: Alvin Thies-
sen, chief, General ;Reference Section,
Dag Hammarskjold Library, United Na-
tions, New York, will give an informal
talk on the Library of the United Na-
tions on Thurs., July 23, at 4 p.m. in
Room 439 Mason Hall.

Masonite Corp., Chicago, Ill.-
ings in Indust. Sales Force fo:
with degrees in Engrg., Forestry or
Tech. Prefer at least 2 yrs. of pr
sales exper. selling direct to Ind
Age 26-34. Free to locate. Alec
opening in Sales Engrg. Trainee
for a man who is avail. on the
Southern Michigan National B
Coldwater-Position with Bank,
cludes general banking, includini
ops., public rels. & credits. Male
Ad. degree. General banking expe
Riverside Methodist Hospital, C
bus, Ohio-1. Assoc. Dir., Nursing
ice. Degree from accredited S
Nursing. MA pref. Will direct BA
min, exper. 2. Ass't. 'Dir. of Ni
Service in Maternity Nursing-i
gree & exper. in maternity nuri
in admin.
Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, Mli
Computer Programmer-Trainee.
Trainee for IBM. BA in Math c
Ad. degree with accounting maj
exper. Recent grad.
P. S. Ross & Partners, Toronto,
ada-Seeking Industrial Engrg.
who would like position with a
agement Consultancy Firm. Be
25-35, with post-grad trng. in
related techniques to work out
ronoto or Montreal offices.
For further information, pleas
General Div., Bureau of Appoint
3200 SAB, Ext. 3544.
Baptist Student Union, Social:
recreation, singing, Thurs., July 2
p.m., 2670 Jackson Road, for tra
tation call Bob McDaniel at 3-0018,

be maintained at the expense of
a quality program for one segment
in the school system.
"A more responsible approach to
the problem of maintaining prop-
er balance of curriculum oppor-
tunities in a school system would
be to establish adequate qualita-
tive standards for the system as r
whole. Evaluation of the entire
system by accreditation authori-
ties ought to help in reducing or
eliminating favoritism of one
group within a system at the ex-
pense of another," Kehoe conclud-

Standing neutral is the Sultan
of Brunei, who rules a wedge of
land the size of Delaware, tucked
between Sarawak and Sabah. His
Highness Sultan Sir Omar Ali Sai-
fudding Wasa'dul Khairi Waddin
is 47, and his little sultanate
spews out oil at the rate of $20
nillion a year in royalties, faster
than the sultan can spend it. Brit-
'in protects Brunei too, even
though it refused to join Malaysia,
and Brunei's principal worry at
the moment is that, so the geolog-
ists say, the oil wells will run dry
in 10 years. War, or Sukarno, may
get there first.

Seeds for Revolutionary
Changes Present in Brazil

The University Television Cen-+
ter has won another American
Bar Association "Gavel Award"
for outstanding public service, it
was announced in New York yes-
The University's second Gavel
Award in the seven year history
of the competition was granfed for;
"A Quest for Certainty," a series
of twenty half-hour programs
which examines the nature and
value of, the United States legal
system. Prof. Joseph R. Julin of
the law school appears as host for
the series. The Center won its first
Gavel Award in 1961 for its series
dramatizing Constitutional right
"The Blessings of Liberty."
Julin and his several guests ex-
plain the roles of such legal insti-
tutions as the judge, prosecutor'
and defender, the jury, witnesses,
legislatures, law enforcers, the
Constitution and otherraspects ofz
the legal system. Filmed dramati-
zations of a courtroom scene,
process of arrest and trial, the
lawyers' procedures in and out of
court complement the discussion.
The American Bar Association
presents the Gavel Award to ac-
cord national recognition of dis-
tinguished service on the part of
the media of information and en-
tertainment in familiarizing the
public with the basic values of the
legal and judicial systems. Two
other TV programs were singled
out for recognition: "CBS Re-
ports" for "The Crisis of Presiden-
tial Succession" and Plautus Pro-
ductions, Inc. for the CBS series
"The Defenders" broadcast, "The

(Continued from Page 1)
work particularly in budgeting ex-'
tension programs.
The committee writes that un-
derlying the report is the concern
that "extension course offerings
appear to be more haphazard in
terms of relation to a total pro-
gram than is true of courses on
The report elaborates that
courses are often offered'on a
basis of demand rather than as a
comprehensive and well-structured
series of programs. The haphazard
nature of off-campus teaching is
the result of apathy within de-
partments toward the off-campus
This attitude is resulting in in-
ferior teaching and inadequate
learning overall. But the report
notes that "the size of the present
operation in extension credit
course work suggests its import-
ance to the people of Michigan,
and to the University." Some 50,-
000 "students" annually partici-
pate in programs offered by the
10 state-supported schools and
colleges off-campus.
Old Concern
The faculty committee's con-
cern is another step in a series
of recommendations which have
gone to policy makers concerning
the off-campus programs.
The extension service self-sur-
vey of last year made many sim-
ilar proposals. It called for units
to broaden their interest and
scope, for teaching stipends to be
increased and for the University
as a whole to consider its non-
campus students "an institutional
The University operates two of
its major extension branches at
the Flint and Dearborn campuses.
Both centers feature standard'
full-time curriculum.
One-quarter of the graduate
school registrations come from
off-campus students while nearly
two - thirds of the education
school's M.A. candidates are en-
rolled off-campus.

Medical Center to

Negro Protests Not New;
State Saw Onein 18
The Negro in Michigan - 1201 All of41,4,. .tr,' -not be dne
£11U Lhi~ AJ'.Ld not be don


years ago-made the same ap-
peals and challenges that ' the
southern Negro is currently mak-
The minutes of the 1843 "State
Convention of the Colored Citizens
of Michigan," now on display in
the William L. Clements Library,
illustrate well that the quest for
equality now being made by
southern Negroes has not always
been confined to the states below
the Mason-Dixon line.
The keynote speaker for the con-
vention, William Lambert of De-
troit, sounding very much like
Martin Luther King today, stress-
ed that "the time has come for
us to be united in sentiment and
action, and to speak out in our
own defense upon the great cause
f human liberty and equal rights."
Arguing for the right of the
N~egro to vote Lambert said, "We
are an oppressed people wishing
to be free. History informs us that
the liberties of an oppressed peo-
ple are obtained only in propor-
tion to their own exertions in their
own cause."
The equality which Lambert
sought was not only political, but
economic. He asked the conven-
tion, "Shall we not infuse into
the minds of our young men, and
posterity, a disposition to be free,
and leave their present low and
degraded employment and endea-
vor to obtain mechanics arts and,
follow agricultural pursuits?"

Ali oI TIS cou lb cuv
by the Negro alone, but the key-
noter was aware that there were
many white citizens who backed
their cause. He said, "Our cause
has attracted the attention of our
)ppressors, and caused many to
cry out 'go on thou genius of li-
berty, go on.' The friends of li-
berty throughout the civilized
world have hailed it, and now
stand cheering us to go on."
That convention, 120 years ago,
rallied around the cause espoused
by Lambert and vowed all-out sup-
port for the advancement of the
status of the Negro in Michigan.
As a body it advocated the re-
moval of the word "white" from
the article in the state constitu-
tion which withheld the vote from
Forethose who think the Negro
revolution today is a new phenom-
enon the words of the convention
minutes speak for themselves.
They read, "We the representatives
of the oppressed of this state will
continue to wirte, publish, cry
aloud, and spare not, in opposi-
tion to all political injustice until,
the blessings of equal political li-
berty shall have been extended to
all men."
As if it were a warning to 20th
century America the last resolu-
tion of the 1843 meeting echoes
down through the years. "And let
it be resolved that we will whisper
in the ears of our white brethren
that the time is not far distant
when they can no longer stifle
in us the spirit of liberty."


ponement of elections and exten-,
sion of President Humberto Ca-
stelo Branco's mandate until 1967
carry the seeds of a revolutionary
change in Brazil's traditional po-
litical party structure, the New
York Times reported yesterday.
The Brazilian armed forces,;
which toppled President Joao;
Goulart adn his left-wing, infla-
tion-ridden regime in April, have
made it clear to the politicians
that they will not hand over pow-
er until there is a political force
to continue the revolution's pro-
This position began to emerge
when the revolution supspended
for 10 years the political rights of
former President Juscelino Kubit-
schek, the proclaimed presiden-
tial candidate of the Social Dem-
ocratic party.
The military leaders concluded
that Kubitschek, the 63-year-old
builder of the inalnd capital of
Brasilia, posed a threat to the rev-
>lutionary movement. It was fear-
ed that he could polarize the votes
:f his own middle-of-the-road
party and of the Brazilian La-
bor party of Goulart. This was
the formula that brought him the
presidency in 1955.
Congress has now approved in
the first of two readings of the
measure, a 14-month extension of
Castelo Branco's term, carrying
the revolution's political process
a step further.
It was relatively easy to dis-
pose of Kubitschek, who was out-
side the revolutionary movement,
but the extension collides with
the presidential ambitions of Gov.
Carlos Lacerda, a leader of the
When Castelo Branco, former
army chief of staff, took office
April 15, he was sworn to com-
plete Goulart's term, ending Jan.
31. Presidential elections were
scheduled for October, 1965, and
Lacerda, a dynamic administrator
of Guanabara State, which em-
braces Rio de Janeiro, laid claims
to the presidential nomination of
the National Democratic Union

Lacerda, who is 50 years old,
was the "natural" candidate for
many anti-Goulart revolutionaries.
The army strategists of the
Superior War College and Army
Staff School, who advise Castelo
Branco, and the war minister, Gen.
Artur Costa de Silva, believe the
revolutionary movement needs an
additional year to control infla-
tion and introduce the basic re-
forms the country needs.
There is also a growing belief
among the revolutionary leaders
that the future elections should
bring to power a government with
popular support that will continue
the work begun under Castelo
Branco. The military men feel
that a vote against the revolu-
tion would open a crisis that could
lead to an unwanted military dic-
tatorship, according to army
T h e Audio - Visual Education
Center will preview "The Krem-
lin: Its History and Art" at 1:30
p.m. today in the Multipurpose
Rm. of the UGLI.
Variables ...
Prof. William Labov of Colum-
bia University will discuss "Social
and Chronological Nature of Lin-
guistic Variables" at 7:30 p.m. to-
day in Rackham Amphitheater.
Recital . .
Prof. Eugene Brossart and
Charles Fisher of the music school
will perform a duo piano recital
with the Chamber Orchestra at
8:30 p.m. today in Rackham Lec-
ture Hall.
Kakeya Problem?...
A Mathematical Association of
America movie on the Kakeya
Problem featuring Prof. George
Besicovitch will be shown at 1:30
p.m. today at 311 West Engineer-
ing. Students at all levels are in-

U.S. Civil Service-Openings for Digi-
tal Computer Programmers-BS degree
in Math, Stat., or Bus. Ad. plus 1 yr.
specialized exper. & 1 yr. specific pro-
gramming exper. A MA degree may be
substituted for the 1 yr. of specialized
exper. Other openings with similar re-
quirements are: Digital Computer Sys-
tems Operators, Analysts, and Opera-
tions Schedulers. Also System Data Re-
Owens-Corning Fiber Glas Corp., De-
troit, Mich.-Seeking Sales Rep. for De-
troit metropolitan area. Male. Degree
any field. Exper. not required, but busi-
ness exper, helpful.. Age approx. 25-
35. Will consider a recent grad as a
Sales Trainee.
Manufacturers National Bank, Detroit,
Mich.-1. Personnel Interviewer-male-
BA degree; some psych.; or BBA with
minor in psych. or Psych, major, Kind
of exper. does not matter. Age: upper
20's. Will start as interviewer - after
exper. to become Emp. Manager. 2.:
Personnel Asst.-female-BA degree-
any exper., esp. interested in someone
with exp. in educ. or govt) agency. Age:
prefer upper 20's. Could work in Emp.
Section" or Counseling area. 1. Instruc-
tor-Training Dept. female--someone
with teaching exper. pref., who could
teach instructors of tellers how to
sie717 N.
"E 9 6University

DIAL 668.6416
One Complete Show
Only Starting at 7:15 P.M.



JA ,


VOLVO Dealer
Sales, Service & Parts
319W. Huron







Y ectwn lp toErn ept

Ends Today

Next Week, Wed.-Sat.
8:00 P.MK-Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre

Plan Now To



The Opera Department, School of Music in

Winner, Van Cliburn
Competitions, 1962
WED., JULY 29, 8:30
Rackham Auditorium

-mi M



Vt .


Four Sonatas--D, E, B-flat and D major . ........ D. Scarlatti
Sonata in A minor,.Op. 164................... Schubert
Six Pieces, Op. 118.................. .... ..--- Brahms
Capriccio, Op. 76, No. 2 ....................:..._Brahms
m' lll ~.T


-a ! AbV 1


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