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RAISING THE RATES:
AUTOCRACY AT WORK
See Editorial Page

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Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

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L. LXXIV, No. 2

Z-6

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 23; 1964

SEVEN CENTS

FOUR P

v %j AM a 17&%11

'OR ALL STUDENTS
Calls for Free Education

Extension 1niitbppn

Court

Uphold

WASHINGTON 04?)- Secretary'
of Labor W. Willard Wirtz said
yesterday every youth in the na-
tion should be given "all the edu-
cation free which he needs and
can use."~
Proposing vastly expanded edu-
cation as vital to preventing mas-
sive unemployment in the nation's
increasingly technological econ-
omy, Wirtz said:
"Our principle ought to be that
in one way or another, every single
boy and girl stay in school until
that boy or girl is ready-until
he or she is equipped with the
skills which are required for the
jobs in today's automated ocon-
omy."
This would include both college
and vocational schools, Wirtz said.
Disappointment
Wirtz said his greatest disap-
pointment in his two years as

SECRETARY WIRTZ

Amend Poverty Bill,
See Passage Near
WASHINGTON (P)-President Lyndon 'B. Johnson's "War on
Poverty" program was given a "state's rights" amendment yesterday
that may win Southern support for the measure.
And by late afternoon, the Senate agreed to limit debate on
the bill itself to four hours, and to hold debate on each amendment
to one hour, reinforcing hopes of Senate leaders for passage tomorrow.
Then the Senate adjourned overnight.
The state's, rights feature would allow a governor of a state to
veto federal plans to locate a youth camp in his state. Sen. Pat
McNamara (D-Mich), floor manager of the bill, said he would accept
the amendment with "some re-

Branco Views
Lacerda Post
In Cabitiet
RIO DE JANEIRO - President
Humberto Castelo Branco has of-
fered Gov. Carlos Lacreda a cab-
inet post to help the revolutionary
Brazilian government win its
crucial fight against the inflation-
ary rise in the cost of living, the
New York Times reported yester-
day.
Sources close to Lacerda said
he was inclined to accept-if con-
gress gives final approval this
week to a one-year extension of
Branco's term. Political analysts
consider a favorable vote in con-
gress certain.
Lacreda, who is 50 years old,
has opposed the extension. A
leader of the revolution, he had
hoped to run for president as the
candidate of the revolutionary
See earlier story, Page 3
movement in elections scheduled
for October, 1965. The extension
would postpone the voting until
December, 1966.
Branco made the offer of a
cabinet job to Lacerda during a
luncheon meeting Saturday. La-
cerda, a dynamic politician and a
successful administrator as gov-
ernor of Guanabara State, would
be expected to coordinate produc-
tion an dsupply efforts in the war
on inflation, which has raised
prices more than 40 per cent.
The military and civilian lead-
ers of the revolution that over-
threw President Joao Goulart
April 1 are sensitive to the cost-
of-living problem. -

luctance." It was offered by Sen.
George A. Smathers (D-Fla) and
passed by voice vote.
-The compromise and debate-
limiting agreements came after a
prime Republican foe of the meas-
ure had labeled one provision "a
little bit stupid."
That opening ttack came from
Sen. John G. Tower (R-Tex) who
had joined Republican presiden-
tial candidate Barry Goldwater in
voting against the bill in commit-
tee.
Goldwater, the Arizona Senator1
now called a major voice in Re-
publican Senate policy, was not
expected to oppose the bill today.
His office said he was not expect-
ed to take the floor until tomor-
row.
' A key feature of the controver-
sial bill is authority to establish
a job corps to provide education,
work experience and vocational
training for young men and wom-
en, age 16 to 21, in conservation
camps and residential centers.
The program envisions the en-
rollment of 40,000 young men and
women in the first year and 100,-
000 the next year. The first year
cost of this part of the program
is estimated at $190 million.
Also approved by voice vote was
an amendment by Sen. Winston
L. Prouty (R-Vt) barring inquiry
about the political affiliation or
beliefs of any applicants for en-
rollment in the job corps.
Prouty's amendment also pro-
vides that no officer, employe, or
enrollee in the corps shall take
an active part in any political
campaign.
McNamara said that he was sure
the intent of Prouty's amendment
would have been carried out in
any event but that he was pleased
to accept it.

labor secretary has been "the dif-
ficulty of getting across to the
country what's happening as far
as thecuneducated younger work-
er is concerned."
Hesaid some 35 million young-
sters will enter the labor fore in
the next 10 years and 'that, if
present trends continue, more than
8 million will be high school drop-
outs.
"That'll be economic suicide,"
Wirtz said, adding:
"As nearly as I can figure
things out right now, our situa-
tion is that we are stackingr up
about a quarter of a million'young
boys and girls . . . every year ...
on what can only be called a
human slag heap.
"They're coming out of high
school without . . . the training
for the jobs whichare available."
Essential
Wirtz said automation and tech-
nological improvement are essen-
tial to the future of the economy,
but that the nation must realize
that automation "is taking all of
the unskilled work out of . the
economy, and we're going to have
to start educating and training
people for skilled jobs."
He said there is also a great
need for retraining older persons
who lose their jobs to automation.
"I think this country is perfectly
willing to accept the proposition
that a man who loses his job to
a machine is entitled to be trained
for another job," he said.
On the educational needs of the
nation's youth, Wirtz said:
Two Years
"I would add at least two more
years to the present free educa-
tion which goes up through high
school . . . there will probably
have to be more vocational edu-
cation to meet the demands for
situations in which a great many
of these boys and girls don't go
on to college.
"We've got to investigate the
question of whether this business
of starting (school) at the age of
six . . . is right or not. My present,
impression is that especially in,
the areas of the underprivileged in
this country, there are more people
committed to unemployment be-,
tween the ages of three and six
than at any other period," he said.
Requests Full
Military Aids
WASHINGTON A P) - Secretary
of Defense Robert S. McNamara
said yesterday the United States'
will have to reassess its defense
policy and expand its own forces
if the full $1 billion asked for
foreign military assistance is not.
approved.
"We have come to a critical de-
cision point," he said.
A cut in the military aid funds
will mean that strength built up
in allied nations around the rim
of the Communist world will grad-
ually melt away," the secretary
said.
And any attempt to offset this
loss by increases in U.S. forces "is
bound to cost far more for, the1
same amount of combat capabil-
ity," he added.
McNamara testified before the
Senate Appropriations Committee
on the administration's $3.5 billion
foreign aid program of which mili-
tary assistance is a part.

Curricula
Reviewed
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
The 15,000 students educated by
University academicians a w a y
from the Ann Arbor campus
should be as well-taught as the
30,000 students instructed here, a
new faculty report concludes.
The report has been drawn up
by a faculty subcommittee study-
ing the extension credit course
program. This sends University
teachers to Dearborn, Flint and
a host of other cities in the state
to offer courses for credit.
The extension program is main-
tained to provide "educational ad-
vantages for residents of the state
who are not in a position to pursue
programs of study in residence at
the University," according to a
mandate of the Regents.
Teachers
The bulk of the off-campus stu-
dent population is secondary
school teachers seeking credit on
a part time basis. Jobs preclude
their coming to Ann Arbor.
The faculty committee report,
prepared under the chairmanship
of Prof. Richard Wellman of the
Law School, stresses the need to
reorganize this program to help
give the teacher better instruction.
It makes three basic recom-
mendations to assure standardiza-
tion of on-campus and off-campus
instruction:
-The off-campus or extension
course work should be placed un-
der the department's jurisdiction
and considered as part of that de-
partment's nomral teaching obli-
gation.
This would hold a department
chairman responsibile for organiz-
ing highly-structured programs of
credit for Dearborn in the same
way that he must shift funds and
assignments in Ann Arbor. To
help the chairman, the commit-
tee report would provide him with
funds directly.
-Course content and quality
should continue to be the respon-
sibility of departments and the
extension service jointly. The re-
port observes that the content
and teaching methods of a given
course may vary from locale to"
locale. However, the report stresses
a more comprehensively planned
program for the state.
- Extension service officials, in
a self-survey last November, re-
quested departments take over
more of the planning and running
of the off-campus programs.
-An associate dean of the grad-
uate school would be appointed to
oversee the credit course program.
As an alternative,banrexecutive
committee might be created to
See OFF-CAMPUS, Page 3

Of Imbalance!
Endorses Elimination
Of Area School Idea
ALBANY, N.Y. Vm) - The New
York State Education Depart-
ment's pioneer order aimed at
eliminating racial imbalance from
public schools was upheld yester-
day by an appeals court.-
The five-member court endorsed
the department's stand that the
traditional neighboorhood school
concept can be subordinated,
where necessary, to the over-all
goal of achieving racial balance.
The Appellate Division, 3rd De-
partment, upheld specifically last
year's order of Education Com-
missioner James E. Allen Jr. di-
recting the Malverne School Dis-
trict, on Long Island, to reorganize
its elementary grades in a man-
ner that would bring racial bal-
ance to a school now 75 per cent
Negro.
In what could set the pattern
for disposition of the many 'other
racial imbalance and "busing"
cases now pending in various
courts, the Appellate Division said:
"The court cannot substitute
some other judgment for the judg-
ment of the commissioner that
correction of racial imbalance is
an education aid to a minority
group in attaining the skills and
levels of education which others
have had for generations."
Today's finding reversed a lower
court decision that had voided
Allen's order. The case is expected
to go now to the Court of Ap-
peals, the state's highest tribunal.
White parents in several various
moves towards racial balance, most
of which involve transporting
children outside of the normal
school districts.
The added costs of transporta-
tion have been among the argu-
ments advanced against some
plans.
Associate Justice Herbert D.
Hamm wrote for the court today
that the Malverne complainants
regarded as wasteful "any ex-
penditure in implementation of
the commissioner's decision, ax;
opinion which they are free to
entertain but which would not
indicate the commissioner was ar-
bitrary."

tional Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People ap-
pealed to people to get off the
streets.
The crowd, comprised mostly
of Negro teen-agers, jeered the
NAACP officials, and police ad-
vised both groups to move on.
Walk Streets
In Brooklyn's Bushwick section
several blocks to the north, scores
of teen-agers walked the streets.
Several bottles were thrown but
they crashed harmlessly on the
pavement.
Wagner coupled his plea for
reason with a promise of swift
justice for "hoodlums, rowdies and
troublemakers." He pledged step-
ped-up efforts to improve slum
conditions, add Negroes to the
police force and review cases of
alleged police brutality.
Even as the mayor spoke on
television and radio, helmeted po-
lice patroled Harlem and a pre-
dominantly Negro district of
Brooklyn, where the riots have
left one dead, more than 100 in-
jured and dozens of stores smash-
ed and looted.
Suspend Protests
Earlier, about 40 Brooklyn Ne-
gro leaders had promised to sus-
pend public demonstrations for
the duration of the crisis, and to
man sound trucks to cruise the
streets appealing to people to stay
home at night.;
Wagner laid out a nine-point
program which he said he had
worked out."after intensive con-
sideration.
'5The nation and world have
their eyes on New York," Wagner
said. "I can't exaggerate what is
at stake here."
Wagner said he had spoken
yesterday with President Lyndon
B. Johnson, who had assured him
that his assignment of the FBI to
investigate any violations of fed-
eral law in the New York riots
was "designed solely to assist,
support and supplement what we
were already doing."
Several Harlem Negro leaders
said Communist influence was
only minor, if it existed at all.
The Rev. Richard A. Hildebrand,
president of the New York City
branch of the NAACP, called it
"regrettable" that the Communist
question "has come into the pic-
ture to becloud the truth."
Wagner conceded that the kill-
ing of a 15-year-old Negro boy,
James Powell, by white police Lt.
Thomas Gilligan last Thursday-
the incident which triggered the
violence - had "raised questions
about the responsibility and be-
havior" of the police.

NEW YORK (R)-Police fired several warning shots last night to
disperse several hundred Negroes, mostly teen-agers, who gathered
on the street in Brooklyn's riot-torn Bedford-Stuyvesant section.
The incident occurred less than three hours after Mayor Robert
F. Wagner appealed to. the city's millions to "give me your hands"
in stemming the bloody racial riots of the last four days.
Moments earlier and only blocks away, helmeted police had dis-
persed a crowd that gathered around a loud speaker-equipped car
from which officials of the Na-

Accommodations Sectior
N.Y. Panel New Harlem Unrest; Orders Mote
e EarTaknnTVRean

k.-./ NY tAL IL/ X X X / -IL X X

View Defeats
In Viet Nam*
Debate Raids'
SAIGON ()--A rising rate of
successful Communist ambushes
depressed U.S. military advisers
yesterday. A high American offi-
cer forecast bitterly they will con-
tinue until Vietnamese troops
learn to post security patrols
every time they move.
Communist military activity has
reached' its highest level since the
peak of a Red offensive last No-
vember and Vietnamese units still
are falling prey to roadside bush-
whackers.
Latest in a series of Viet Cong
victories-by-ambush was a battle
Tuesday in Chuong Thien Prov-
ince, near Viet Nam's southern
tip.
Two Developments
While the chief activity cen-
tered south of Saigon in and be-
low the Mekong Delta, two de-
velopments drew attention to the
north:
--Air commodore Nguyen Cao
Ky, commander of South Viet
Nam's air force, announced his
pilots are dropping sabotage teams
over Communist North Viet Nam.
In a talk with newsmen, the offi-
cer advocated. bombing of that
source of Viet Cong recruits and
supplies, even though he felt Red
China probably would move in.
He said "the time is ripe."
--A U.S. spokesman, usually
wary about disclosing military
moves in advance, announced a
fleet of U.S. Air Force C-130 tur-
boprop transports will ferry 400
Vietnamese troops today from
Saigon to Hue. Hue is only about
40 miles south of the Communist
North Vietnamese frontier. The
spokesman said he did not know
the purpose of the airlift, but
noted there is a Vietnamese train-
ing camp in the area.
Propaganda
Ky's remarks about the mis-
sions over North Viet Nam con-
tributed to a "march to the
N o r t h" propaganda campaign
opened recently by South Viet
Nam's premier, Maj. Gen. Nguyen
Khanh.
Never before had South Viet
Nam or the United States official-
ly acknowledged direct military
operations against the regime of
Ho Chi Minh.

To Integrate
Injunction To Await
Supreme Court Ruling
For Final Opinion
By ROBERT JOHNSTON
Special To The Daily
ATLANTA-A three judge fed-
eral court has ordered the inte-
gration of a local motel and
cafeteria in the first case brought
to trial under the nation's new
civil rights law.
However, the orders, handed
down yesterday, will not take ef-
fect until Aug. 11. The court's
opinion stated that the rulings
can only be considered temporary
injunctions, paving the way for
final United States Supreme Court
decisions on the constitutionality
of the law.
Attorneys for the motel said
late yesterday that they have al-
ready filed an appeal with the
Supreme Court.
The first case began when three
Negroes attempted to obtain serv-
ice at Lester Maddox's Pickrick
Cafeteria shortly after the civil
rights law was signed. Maddox,
long an outspoken segregationist
in the Atlanta area, turned the
Negroes away.
The Negroes filed suit the next
day, and the Justice Department
quickly intervened in their behalf
under a provision in the public
accommodations section of the
new law.
In the court hearings, Maddox
did not deny his cafeteria .segre-
gation policy. He based his case
on the constitutionality of the
civil rights law.
Morton Rolleston, president of
the Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc.,
filed the second suit, charging
that the public accommodations
section is unconstitutional.
Both Maddox and Rolleston
said that forcing them to serve
Negroes would infringe on' their
private property rights and place
them in an "involuntary condi-
tion of servitude." Rolleston also
claimed that the civil rights act
exceeded Congress' authority over
interstate commerce and that his
business is local-not interstate-
in nature.
Maddox, usually vehement in
his denunciations of the Supreme
Court and the civil rights act, was
mild in his reaction to the ruling.
"We believe justice will prevail
in the end," he said. "We expect
a favorable verdict in Washing-
ton."
Asked to comment on his line
of action should he lose the ap-
peal, Maddox would say only that
he would stand by his previous
"promise." He has vowed several
times never to serve Negroes in
his cafeteria.
Rolleston said only that his
motel would "comply with (Su-
preme) Court orders."

Rusk Asks Cuba Embargo;*
Exiles Lose in Skirmish
WASHINGTON (P) - Secretary of State Dean Rusk urged the
Latin American Republics yesterday to slap sanctions on Cuba and
warned Castro that governments of the Americas "will no longer
tolerate its efforts to export revolution."
Rusk asked the inter-American conference of foreign ministers
to take three measures aimed at halting Cuba's alleged subversive
activity in the hemisphere:
First, the imposition of sanctions.
Second, a warning to the Castro regime that if it persists in
subversion, "the full weight of the regional security system will
be applied."
TThird, a call to "our own gov-
ernments and those of other free-
world countries to take appropri-
ate steps in the field of trade with
a I~ijf " M 0,a A Cuba.'"

CULTURAL CONFLICT

WORLD NEWS ROUNDUP
Pathet Lao Stop Neutrals' Drive

Writing Music: forArtor

lrlwiey:

By DICK WINGFIELD

W-

Jerry H. Bilik of the music
school said last night that many
modern composers are torn be-
tween commercialism and true
art. Speaking on "Music and Madi-
son Avenue," he said, "Most com-
posers cannot sit down and write
music to earn a living. As a result
they must go into educational in-
stitutions or into commercial
work."
He said that musicians are
trained in an art and their ideal
role is to search for perfection in
this art. But he also noted that
composers in the commercial area
must sell to an audience so that
they can secure an income an
subsist. Stressingr this conflict- he

"adhesive," something that people
want to whistle and sing. It must,
be pleasing in the sense that itj
fits with the idea portrayed. It
should fit with the image project-
ed, as in cigarette commercials. As
well as the above, the commercial
tune must be technically adapt-
able.
"There is a need for creative
energy to bridge the gap between
popular m u s i c and classical
scores," Bilik said. "George Ger-
.shwyn was one successful com-
poser in this field. Leonard Bern-
stein is succeeding today, while
catching criticism from the clas-
sical fans who feel that his music
is too popular in style, and like-
wise from the popular fans who

beat are the most important fac-
tors. This style is easily identifi-
able with physical action and
physical aspects are more impor-
tant than the search for art at
this age."
For the more sopristicated teen-
ager and young adult market,
there is the folk song, he pointed
out. "It is still primitive but it
has more complexity in the chord
arrangements and more subtlty.
Most rock and roll can be played
with four chords."
"An interesting fact," he added,
"is that few classical record re-
leases make money in America.
Every company which releases
classical scores has a large num-
ber of rock and roll releases also.

Resolution
In his speech Rusk did not
spell out the sanctions he. called
for, but the ministerial conferer.'e
has before it a resolution calling
for all members of the Organiza-
tion of American States to break
diplomatic and trade relations with
Cuba.
This proposal was presented by
Columbia, Costa Rica and Pan-
ama.
It represents the position of
Venezuela which called the minis-
ters meeting to consider action
based on Castro's alleged subver-
sive efforts to overthrow the Vene-
zuelan government.
Mexico, Chile, Uruguay and
Bolivia still have diplomatic rela-
tions with Cuba. While the Latin
American nations have little trade
with Cuba, a formal economic boy-
cott would give a strong moral,

By The Associated Press
VIENTIANE -The Communist
Pathet Lao reinforced front line
positions yesterday east of Phou
Koutt Hill after stopping a neu-
tralist drive toward the Plaine
des Jarres.
Neutralist Premier Souvanna
Phouma said the situation at Phou
Koutt "remains static."
A neutralist military spokes-
man, however, reported seeing
fighting taking place at the east-
ern foothill of the 4200 foot high
Phou Koutt.
WASHINGTON - The United
States will sell Malaysia jet train-
ers, troop carrying helicopters and
landing craft for use in its jungle
war against invading Indonesian
guerrillas.
Prime Minister Tnuku Abdul
Rahman of Malaysia, announcing
this at a news conference yester-

Moro told President Antonio
Segni he would once Laore lead
a coalition of his own Christian
Democrats, Socialists, Democratic
Socialists and Republicans. At the
same time he presented the list
of his new cabinet.
* * *
SALT LAKE CITY-Utah's 10,-
000 public school teachers have
voted to resume contract negotia-
tions, virtually assuring that the
state's schools will open on sched-
ule this fall.
But sanctions imposed on Utah
by the National Education Asso-
ciation will remain in effect. And
the teachers have pledged to work
toward electing state officials sym-
pathetic to their cause.
WASHINGTON -The National
Jrban League said yesterday it
will give President Lyndon B.

rose to 11 in three days of bat-
Iling between Chinese and Malays.
Fighting erupted over widely
scattered areasal most as soon as
an 18-hour curfew was lifted at
5:30 a.m.
* * *
JACKSON - Civil rights leader
Martin Luther King said today he
may ask President Lyndon B.
Johnson for federal marshals to
protect Negro voting rights in Mis-
sissippi.
The Negro minister told a news
conference the national Demo-
cratic convention next month will
be askedto back the proposal.
* * *
WASHINGTON -- Three Repub-
lican senators said yesterday that
antitrust laws obstruct the ex-
pansion of U.S. business abroad
and should be changed. A Demo-
cratic senator thought differently

..........

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