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April 18, 1969 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1969-04-18

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~1

Seventy-eight years of editorial freedom
.Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan
aynard St., Ann Arbor, Mich. News Phone: 764-0552
Editoriols printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in oll reprints.

Get dogged for carrying some marijuana

Al, APRIL 18 1969

NIGHT EDITOR: CHRIS STEELE

University School:
A time for reconsideration

'HE CONTROVERSY over the-closing of
University School began earlier -this
tonth as essentially a battle between the
niversity and a group of concerned
arents.
At first, it seemed clear that the inter-
sts of the University were not tied to the
hool's' 300 students (who are free to
eturn, to public school) and that the ad-
iinistrat n was justified in saying fiscal
roblems compelled them to recommend
e Regents close the school.
But testimony at yesterday's Regents
pen hearing has placed the problem of,
niversity School in a new perspective
hich must be closely examined before a
ilal decision is made.
While the school was begun as a lab-
atory for student-teachers, this func-
on has, over the years, grown less and
ass important as education school stu-t
ents found other places to perform their
ur-month-long internship.
In addition, University School-plagued
y budgetary problems which have hit
ie education school especially hard-is
verely deficient in the ratio of super-,
.sors to student-teachers.
The overall financial difficulties of the
lucation school led a special blue ribbon
)mmission to recommnend that Univer-
ty School be closed "not later than June
M70." The commission concluded that
he space and the resources the labora-
ry school requires could be more profit-
oly invested by the School of Education
other activities."
PHIS CONCLUSION, made by a commis-
sion faced with solving the problems
f the education school, is at least under-
andable considering the tight space'and
scal problems facing the school.
But another concept of University
:hool emerged at yesterday's Regents
pen hearing-the idea that-tie school is
a experimental laboratory of significant
alue to a wide variety of on-going and

perpetually emerging research projects.
For over a generation, for example, the
existence of University School has allow-
ed the dental school to conduct a con-
tinuing study of the development of chil-
dren's teeth and jaws.
And the psychology department an-
nually conducts dozens of long- and
short-range research projects using Uni-
versity School students as their subjects.
Other units, like the Medical School and
the Social Work School, also use Univer-
sity School for long-range studies.
The school is ideally suited for this
kind of study because researchers can
follow the students through their entire
stay at the school.
Although public schools might provide
a similar laboratory, complications such
as the reluctance of principals to allow
such research in their schools, and the
lack of continuity in the group studied
render this alternative considerably less
appealing for many researchers.
AT THE SAME time, it is becoming clear
from the wide variety of research
projects being carried on in University
School, that the school may have grown
beyond the status of an auxiliary unit of
the education school and that the facility
may be a valuable one for the entire
University community.
Whether this is the case, and whether
the utility of the school outweighs its
cost are questions which remain to be
resolved before a decision on the closing
of University School can be intelligently
reached.
THIS END, the Regents should post-
pone action on the proposal to phase
out University School and order more
detailed study of the school not only as
an education school facility, but also as
a research center for the whole Univer-
sity.
--MARTIN HIRSCHMAN

By JIM KAHNWEILER
LAST FEBRUARY, "Jane Smith"
returned to Detroit from a
trip to the coast. When she landed
at Metro and claimed her bag, she
was arrested by Detective Sergeant
Frank Van Wolfen of the Wayne
County Sheriff's Police and Bomb-
er, a German shepherd trained
to detect marijuana.
Earlier, Van Wolfen had re-
ceived a call from federal author-
ities in California sgying that they
suspected a young girl was landing
in Detroit with marijuana. Nor-
mally, nothing much could be
done; with the extensive use of the
drug it would be impossible to ob-
tain warrants to search each
young girl who deplanedat Metro.
This time, however,, the county
utilized a new law enforcement
tool-Bomber. Somewhere in the
terminal, (the police won't say
exactly where, since the case is
still in the courts), the dog and
his handler examined baggage
from the arriving flights. Bomber's
nose successfully i d e n t i f i e d
"Jane's" suitcase. Aid there wasn't
much "Jane" or any user of
marijuana could do against such.
detection methods.
This is the first time that a
dog has been used in a Michigan
narcotics investigation, although
they have been used with success
in Florida and California.
THEDOGS ARE used to estab-
lish "probable cause" that a felony
is being committed. Once this is
done, an arrest can be made or
a search conducted without a war-
rant.;
But Miss "Smith" is challenging
her arrest on First Amendment
rights protecting a citizen from
unreasonable search and seizure.
Van Wolfen stressed that the re-
sponsibility of the prosecution is
to prove to the court that the
animal did establish probable
cause.
If Bomber and his handler can
consistently and correctly identify
marijuana, then the search may
be considered legal.
Van Wolfen and Wayne County
Sheriff Roman Gribbs are firm in
their belief in the legality of the
dog. They stress the dog and his
handler train together daily to
insure their competence. They
emphasized that the dog is mere-
ly an investigative tool used
in specific cases. When questioned
on the possible use of animals in
other situations, such as in the
search of private dwellings, they
would make no statement.
MISS SMITH'S CASE is un-
usufl only in method.
Detective bureaus claim they are
drastically understaffed; and to
best deploy available manpower,
authorities must concentrate pri-
marily in stopping the source or
the pusher rather than the in-

dividual user. They reasOn that if
they can significantly reduce the
traffic, the use of drugs will go
down.
The five-man team under Ser-
geant Van Wolfen must investigate
homicide, gambling and prostitu-
tion in addition to narcotics and
drugs. Yet even with this impos-
sible demand, Sheriff Gribbs ad-
mits that by mid-March his depu-
ties had confiscated $2 million
worth of drugs. He believes this
represents 20 to 25 per cent of the
illicit traffic in Wayne County.
IN ANN ARBOR the situation
is much the same. Assistant Police
Chief Harold Olson says the de-
tective bureau here is too under-
manned to do many of the ar-
duous investigations required for
a narcotics arrest. He adds that
often the department is aided by
complaints by mail or phone from
neighbors, concerned relatives or
friends and each formal complaint
will initiate some sort of investi-
gation.
In Ann Arbor arrests are usual-
ly made of "pushers" or careless
users. Selling to an undercover
agent is fairly common, especially
since young people are working
for the police. About equally as
common are arrests resulting
from complaints of noisy parties,
investigations during routine pa-
trols of parked automobiles, and
defective license plate lights or
other traffic 'violations.
BUT SOME lawyers and judges
question the wisdom of current
laws prohibiting marijuana. U.S.
District Court (Massachusetts)
Justice C. E. Wyzanski has ob-
served the drug scene and be-
lieves the outlawing, of the drug
is irrational.
But what concerns him more
is that "every attempt of law to
detect, prosecute, and punish
wrong represents an expenditure
not merely of time, effort, man-
power and money, but also a con-
cession to the powers of coercion
as distinguished from persuasion."
But such enlightenment is not
shared by the police. Many still
believe the laws on drugs are valid
-especially those against mari-
juana.
SERGEANT VAN WOLFEN is
a sincere, honest and dedicated
policeman. But he fears what
might happen to the young person
who smokes pot. While the drug
itself might not be habit-forming,
he admits, the user might become
bored with its effects and try
stronger, addictive drugs, such as
heroin.
This kind of thinking might be
called the Henry J. Anslinger men-
tality, and has dominated public
opinion on marijuana since the
former Commissioner of the Fed-
eral Bureau of Narcotics published

0

A California undercover agent who goes to pot

4

the pamphlet "Marijuana: As-
sassin of Youth" in 1937. /
He calls grass "as dangerous
as a coiled rattle snake" and con-
templates "how many suicides,
robberies and maniacal deeds" it
causes each year. While not so
convinced of the addictive nature
of the drug, people still believe,
as Anslinger so speciously stated,
that continuous use of marijuana,
"leads direct - to the insane
asylum."
Believing the law to be just, the
police enforce it. But Judge Wy-

zanski is convinced that, unfor-
tunately, "law enforcement in any
area of what some consider private
almost inevitably entails use of
despicable, or at least unworthy
enforcement measures: informers,
undercover agents, and blackmail-
ers. Often, corrupt enforcement
authorities have far more danger-
ous opportunities than the sup-
pression of more conventional
types of crimes."
So the} police. will continue to
enforce the law with detective
dogs and disguised detectives and

undercover informers. And stu-
dents will continue to flaunt the
law in the face of arrests. Mari-
juana use is on the upswing,-as
evidenced by the jump in arrests
in Ann Arbor from 3' in 1967 to
110 last year.
The narrow, Puritan mentality
which sends people to jail for use
of marijuana parallels the mis-
guided thinking prior to passage
of the Volstead Act in 1919-and
everyone knows how well that
worked.

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

Rectifying the slums by attacking City Hall, not Frank

arary

To the Editor:
IN REGARDS TO DANIEL Zwerd-
ling's article, "The Quixotic Ad-
venture of Frank Harary," I must
'certainly respond. Not only is the ar-
ticle misleading and false, but it is
also misdirected. If Mr. Zwerdling is
truly concerned with rectifying the
slum housing situation he s h o u l d
have directed his comments at the
true source of the problem and not
one -small individual.
The statements concerning Urban
Renewal as a derivitive of the 1965
Republican administration are wrong.
Urban Renewal has been a headache
to Ann Arbor since before 1960 with
a Democratic Administration also.
Mr. Zwerdling's presentation con-
cerning the financial aspects of Mr.

Harary's situation are misleading.
Six condemned houses on ten pieces
of property are not worth $200,000.
Mr. Harary has been an owner of in-
come property in Ann Arbor since
1962'at least, and his property hold-
ings are larger than those presented
in the article and not all of them are
regarded asslum property.
ALSO THE ALLEGATIONS t h a t
Mr. Harary could have easily sold the
land, and that he is In essence an un-
scrupulous land speculator are un-
founded- First, the land is not easy to
sell at a fair rate of return. In a Nur-
vey of land appraisors in the Ann
Arbor area it was apparent that the.
demand for that land is not high
considering its present zoning status.

Mr. Davis M. Somers, a land apprais-
er in the Ann Arbor area said, "We
would not be interested in that prop-
erty unless it was re-zoned."
A 1 s o in regard to Mr. Harary's
speculator status, I am dubious. Any-
one who buys property to realize size-
able gains does not buy rental prop-
erty at $5,000 knowing that he will
probably only collect monthly rent
for a year or so and then be forced
to sell. These are not the habits of a
true wheeler-dealer speculator.
The insinuation that Mr. Harary
and Mr. Reinhart are collaborating
to leach from the p o o r is without
merit. MrReinhart, according to re-
liable sources, is a very respected and
understanding realtor
Said Mrs. Norma Kraker of t h e

S

Ann Arbor Housing Commission, "In-
sinuations like this plus the wording
of the article implies to the reader.,
that Ralph Harary is the Slum King
of Ann Arbor, feared by all of the
poor. This is not true. According to
this article, Harary owns only six
houses in the north central area out
of hundreds. There are probably
bigger and more dominant men in-
volved in the area."
THE REASONS BEHIND Mr. Har-
ary's a c t i o n s are questionable.
Whether he initially wanted to im-
prove the area or not I do not know,
but one positive factor in his favor is
statements made by him and attrib-
uted to him over the years that he
wanted to improve the situation in
that area and did not intend to ex-
ploit the people.
Without knowing exactly what Mr.
Harary's position is, some things are
apparent: He has been in Ann Ar-
bor real estate for more than seven
years, he has or owns more than six
houses and ten pieces of property,
and he offers the lowest monthly
rental rate to slum tenants, many of
whom w o u ld be out on the street
otherwise.
To t h e reasoning behind Mr.
Zwerdling's attack, I am not positive:
If he w e r e truly concerned with
righting this terrible problem of slum
housing he should have concentrated
his main effort at the true culprit,
Ann Arbor City Hall.
Mr. Zwerdling should have sought
answers to questions like why Guy
Larcom, City Administrator, sat on
the funds for needed research and a
complete survey of housing condi-
tions in the city, or why city building
inspectors have done such peculiar
things as g i v i n g permission to a
prominent A n n Arbor landlord to
move a Negro family i n t o a con-,
demned house, or giving certificates
to buildings which are obviously be-
low all codes and e v e n minimum
standards.
This is where Mr. Zwerdling might
well have aimed his criticism. not at

IM proposal
To the Editor:
THOSE WHO READ the article in
the March 18 Daily regarding the
proposed student f e e financing of
new Intramural buildings and feared
that this proposition was being rail-
roaded by athletic special interest
groups without student assent a n d
appropriate discussion have good rea-
son to be fearful. It has developed.
For it now appears a strong possibili-,
ty that students will be paying as
much as $15 per semester, of their
fees toward construction of t h e s e
buildings, starting as early as next
fall and continuing for 25 to 30 years.
On April 9 a meeting of represent-
atives of student organizations was
convened to discuss the proposal by
t h e University Advisory Committee
on Recreation, Intramurals, a n d
Club Sports. After presenting the me-
chanics and details of the building
project, the Committee stressed the
importance of a quick decision since
"it would be a pity" that Michigan
could not be. able to rank first in the,
Big Ten in athletip facilities a n d
since there would be an annual loss
of 10 per cent in surface area for the
facility.
BUT WHEN the meeting was op-
ened to the floor it became apparent
that substantial opposition among
students had developed in the past
two weeks (IHA voiced serious reser-
vations and suggested further study;
subsequently IFC voiced concern over
funding and threatened opposition,
and Tenants Union condemned any
proposal without approval through a
student referendum.)
There were arguments that the $16
million represents only construction
costs and not the total cost of the
complex, and complaints were raised
that an excessive amount of space
was devoted to athletic offices.
A student asked V i c e President
f o r Academic Affairs Allan Smith,
who was chairing t h e meeting.

THERE IS A DANGER that the
proposal will be railroaded at a time
when students are busy preparing for
final examinations and preparing to
leave campus for the summer. ,Ad-
ministrators are not allowing for a
student referendum; instead, student
"support" will come from a survey of
student attitudes taken by public
health and physical education ma-
jors, who can hardly be disinterested
parties.
Information distributed at the
meeting by the Committee which
claimed that 40 per cent of Michigan
students used recreation facilities at
least once a week was hard to be-
lieve; even if it were true at one time,
the physical education requirement
has been abolished, freeing upwards
of 14,000 students from compulsory
recreation which had been handled
by present facilities.
This obviously will reduce signifi-
cantly the general demand for fa-
cilities. Also, the physical education
department has not given any re-
sponse to the }willingness of dormi-
tories to lend space (wrestling rooms,
etc.).
If a good argument can still be-
made for expanding recreation facili-
ties, there remains the most import-
ant question of priorities.. Why hasn't
an Advisory Committee on Academic.
Improvement been formed to ask an
increment in student fees to help the
financially ailing Social Work School
and University School, to help ini-
tiate studies in psycholinguistics, to
retain music faculty who are leaving
for financial reasons, to create more
fellowships and scholarships f o r.
needy students, or to g i v e needed
funds to the Health Service or Com-
puter Center?
When student fees are summoned
as a last resort means of funding,
why is it that a sports complex has
precedence? It is dismaying that per-
sons in the Administration have so
gross a misconception of priorities.
THE COMMITTEE may well re-
vise +he nnnoey, 'urT wonnm nf a.

If the worst should happen, that
this proposal or one like it be ap-
proved by the committee and the Re-
gents in the spring or summer with-
out a referendum, resulting in assess-
ment of student fees next fall, we
strongly urge students who oppose
the I-M complex not to p a y the
amount of the assessment.
If student franchise .is denied,
Michigan's proposed gymnasiums
may raise the same healthy contro-
versy that was accorded last year to
Columbia's proposed gym.
-Joseph N. Marcus, "71
-Lawrence Mt Sherman, '70
--John Haruith, '69
-Jack Meyers, '71
--Debi Wilson, '72
April 12
Fix the world
To the Editor:
HOW WOULD YOU fix the
world?
As I see it, the only sensible
thing Ike did was to get us out
of Korea, and thank Heaven for
that; 33,000 of our best y o u n g
men met death there. The six mil-
lion death-camp inmates of World
War II would have been moved
out of Europe (instead of death)
-if we had stayed out of Europe;
the Russians, post-war, ioved the
remaining three and a half mil-
lion up into -Siberia just east of the
Urals, and this should please
Moshe Dyan.
We could help move the E a s t
Pakistan and eWst Pakistan peo-
ples to Arabia, where most o6
them should have stayed in the
first place - the people of In-
dia just put up with them. And
the Arab nations would-be strong-
e as a result - and happier.
I think the Australians might
like the Israelis enough to invite
them to help settle Australia -
lots of room there for sure. They'd
strengthen Australia enough so
we could get out of Vietnam,
which all Americans wish for so

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