MILLER & ROSENBAUM:
POLITICS OF POWER
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:43 a it
Cloudy and windy with
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Vol. LXXIX, No. 143
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, March 25, 1969
.,, , .
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first of a
series on the pressing fiscal problems facing
the University. Today's article discusses the
general financial situation. Later features will
highlight the problems of individual schools
By MARTIN HIR$CHMAN
Daily News Analysis
The University, like a corporation, needs
at least one thing to stay in business-
And, like a corporation, when the money
stops flowing in, the products stop flowing
out-or their quality decreases sharply:
For the past three years, the University
has been operating on an austerity budget
because state appropriations have run con-
siderably lower than requests.
The Regents have resorted to a series
of substantial tuition increases, mostly to
bring the University's General Fund Bud-
get in line with inflation and the spiraling.
level of faculty salaries.
But the effect of the State Legislature's
tight money policy has been
profound than these simple
For while increased tuition revenue has
helped meet urgent, unavoidable expenses,
the University has been forced by lack
of funds to shelve most new projects and
Many University schools and colleges
have been forced to delay expensive edu-
cational innovation, increase average class
size, limit enrollment and postpone what
they consider important additions to the
Units like the Computer Center and
library system-those used by all schools
and colleges-have been forced to limit
services and improvements.
By all indications, many of these priority
items will remain shelved for' some time
to come. No one in Ann Arbor or Lansing
is predicting the availability of state money
for new University programs in the near
future-certainly not this year.
At best. says President Robben Fleming,
"We are going to try not to have any tui-
But as long as University officials are
even thinking about another substantial
tuition hike, there will be very little money
for new programs.
Over 30 priority programs needing new
or increased funding are listed in the
University's 1969-70 state appropriations
request along with the estimated cost---a
total of about $7 million.
It was this very $7 million, however,
which Gov.,William Milliken omitted from
the University's appropriation in his budget
recommendation to the Legislature in
And University officials fear the Legis-
lature may make even further cuts before
the higher education appropriations bill is
passed sometime this summer.
With no expectations of new funds, the
job of determining priorities falls especial-
ly hard on Vice President for Academic
Affairs Allan Smith.
Smith's calendar is jammed with ap-
pointments with deans and project direc-
tors, each wanting more money for his
divisionof the University.
"You really talk about a scrounging
operation," Smith says of attempts to fund
even the most pressing of proposed pro-
grams and expansion.
"Right now I've got no place to look,"
he adds. "In the past it has been a question
of whether we'd raise tuition to do it."
But with the 54 per cent ($540) hike
in out-of-state tuition over the last two
years-as well as a substantial increase
for in-staters-top University administra-
tors like Smith do not want to turn again
to students for more funds.
One source of funds may be available
for additional spending. The governor's
budget recommendation included some $5
million to provide for a- 6.9 per cent salary
and wage increase, and'some of this money
-if appropriated by the Legislature-nay
be used for other items.
But there are two practical consider-
ations limiting the use of these funds for
First, there is the possibility that the
use of state funds in this way would find
disfavor in Lansing and lead to lower ap-
propriations in the future.
More important, however, is the wide-
spread belief among faculty and adminis-
trators that the level of academic salaries
is too low. Last year, for example, the
University dropped somewhat in a nation-
wide rating of salaries for full professors.
Thus far, the University has "apparently
lost only a few professors for financial
reasons-or for budget-related problems
like shortages of attractive research facili-
But there is a pervasive feeling that
the University may soon be unable to com-
pete with other schools for top-level facul-
ty members unless salaries keep pace with
University officials do not forsee an end
to the present fiscal crisis in the near
future. Many express the belief that the
state government will never again be able
to adequately fund the University,
Instead, these administrators have begun
looking to the federal government as the
last hope for financial assistance.
But even if such support does eventually
come in substantial quantity, it is unlikely
to come for some time.
For despite President Nixon's stated in-
tention of increasing aid to higher educa-
tion, his administration will undoubtedly
await a period of price stability-possibly
at the conclusion of the Vietnam War-
before serious consideration would be given
to such a major fiscal undertaking.
Meanwhile, the University can only wait
---and keep scrounging.
SGC presidential election
scheduled for tomorrow
By MARTY SCOTT X :
Student Government Council yesterday reaffirmed its
decision to hold a three-way runoff election tomorrow for
SGC president as previously decided last Thursday.
In response to the action by SGC, the leading team,
Howard Miller and Mark Rosenbaum, reaffirmed their op- Wa
position to the three-man run-off, and said they would refuse
"The decision to conduct an election including the candi-
date who placed third in balloting without taking a manual-
recount establishes SGC ast a government more concerned'
with existing for the governing rather than the governed,"<
said Miller ad Rosenbaum in a statement issued late lastW
The other two presidential can-
didates, Bob Nelson and Marty.
McLaughlin, indicated that they
would participate in the run-off.
" " "I will go along with the Cre-
cd itiondentials and Rules Committee de- s
~u~u Lu .Z'~Y.U.E.. cision," said Nelson.
McLaughlin, who had earlier
favored three-way arbitration, X
said that he had reconsidered his t
position and decided that it was
not the best solution.
Former President Dwight D. "I do not want to set a prece-
Eisenhower "has grown progress- lent of calling in faculty and ad-
ively weaker during the past week- ministrators to solve our prob-
end," doctors reported yesterday lems," he said.
from Walter Reed Hospital. They The original decision to include;
said Ike is losing ground in his ! the third man in the run-off
struggle for life. election was made, according to Daily-Larry Robbin
The hospital has begun to issue members of the Credentials and
around the clock bulletins con- Rules committee, because of the Fo'tner SeCi'emrv of0the Inte,'io,'Ste ,'art (doll
cerning Eisenhower's condition. small gap separating the second
Eisenhower is suffering from and third candidates.-
congestive heart failure, and ac- Since the official results show-e
cording to a hospital bulleti " ing the small gap were certified a ss p riritie s
requiring continuous oxygen and last Thursday, there has been a
other supportive measures." flurry of activity resulting in othery
Congestive heart failure means "final" tabulations coming from By DAVE CHUDWIN ultaneously becoming more pollut- ments yet there is widespread ero-
that his heart, previously weak- the computing center. "We have a great opportunity to ed, more blighted, and less live- sion and decay."
ened by seven heart attacks and One of these computations, shape an agenda for tomorrow," able. Udall called for a national de-
major surgery last month, is un- printed in the Daily Sunday, former Secretary of the Interior Udall, secretary of the interior bate and subsequent action in sev-
able to maintain adequate blood showed that Miller, who was the Stewart Udall told an overflow for eight years under Presidents eral problem areas.
circulation throughout his body. leader according to the certified crowd in the League Ballroom yes- Kennedy and Johnson, listed three "We need to debate now not only
Eisenhower has been hospital- SGC results, would not receive a I teiday. trends in postwar American he what kind of cities we want but
ized since last spring, when he majority of the votes even when wants reversed. how we should change our insti-
suffered the first of four heart all other candidates had b e e n Speaking to a crowd of over 700 tutions to bring this about." Udall
attacks that beset him in 1968. dropped, and their second place oe foi' utolook' said. Most of our cities today are
Brig. Gen. Fredric J. Hughes Jr., votes were distributed. iknwad, for be onquantitati aee a mess."
the hospital's commanding en- Another set of figures came to us to look at the shortcomingsof rather than the qualitative aspects "We need to ask ourselves whe-
eral, said of the outlook for light last night, showing Miller in ther we want a clean or a slovenly
Eisenhower, "with each successive the lead,. McLaughlin in second "A nation, at certain points in - "We have concentrated much America," Udall continued. "What
episode one can't help but feel place, and Nelson third, its history, should decide w h a t of our natural wealth in defense." we need now is programs, money,
that more of his reserve in being The tabulation was made by its goals and priorities should be," - "We have glorified and tak- and enforcement to clean up this
used up." See ZGC, Page 3 Udall said. "Our country is sim- en pride in our technical achieve- country."
By RICK PERLOI F
The literary college executive
committee yesterday announced
that it will ask the Senate Assem-
bly to consider the question of the
relationship of ROTC and the
At the same time, the LSA cur-
riculum committee decided to
maintain academic credit for
ROTC but will no longer include
ROTC grades in students' cumula-
tive grade point averages.
The request will be brought be- :>r" am "*
fore the Assembly shortly but ac-
tion before next term is consid-
ered unlikely. The recommenda-
tions of Assembly will be subject
to approval by the Regents.,y"
At yesterday's meeting, curri-
culum committee members decid-
ed that the question of ROTC cre-
dit was under their own jurisdic-
tion and not subject to approval
by the entire college faculty. In
maintaining ROTC credit, the
committee approved three propos-
- ROTC credit will be counted Stuidents pan p
within the 12-hour limit of
courses allowed to be taken out- Peace groups met in Chicago's LincolnF
side of the college. plans for a massive march and rally in C]
- ROTC credit will no longer against what they call America's "War
be computed as part of students'-
- Credit will not be given for REVISE MAJORS:
basic military training in the arm-__
ed services outside the University.
The curriculum committee h a d
recommended last semester tha> 3 oc students
ROTC credit be reduced from the
current 12 to four hours for the
entire four year program.
The proposal was forwarded to
the executive committee which re-
turned it to the curriculum com-
1 mittee because members found the By TOBE LEV
report incomplete. Dean William A sociology department faculty co
Hays said then that the commit- an informal proposal calling for the ab
tee's findings were not sufficiently requirements for a major
substantiated by concrete evi-
dence. The proposal was submitted to the
After it was returned to the tee on educational policy by three stu
curriculum committee, the report student-faculty undergraduate educa
was handled by a student-faculty The plan was presented as an alt
subcommittee. The subcommittee officially approved by the all faculty
See LSA, Page 3 That proposal, which favors retentio
Court rejects plea tostudent
Park Sunday to discuss
[icago April 5 to protest
mmittee is considering
bolition of all sociology
ldent members of the
ernative to a proposal
n of certain required
for concentration in
gy, was adopted by the
t-faculty committee in
rA Mrh n4mm
City Council holds. open hearing
By BOB FUSFELD
The Ann Arbor City Council last night
continued a public hearing on the proposed
"Balzhiser ordinance" which would pro-
hibit the "willful, fraudulent and- Malici-
ous" withholding of damage deposits.
The Republican majority on council is
expected to push through the controversial
measure at the next council meeting Mon-
Council Democrats plan to introduce a
substitute ordinance next week. Their
proposed substitution would establish an
escrow fund for damage deposits to be
administered by the city.
ed the "Balzhiser ordinance," claiming it
was a "political play" to use the words of
one tenant. That tenant, Dale Berry, a
University student, told the council ap-
proval of the ordinance would constitute
further affirmation of the indifference city
council has shown to tenants.
Stuart Katz, member of the steering
committee which organized the rent strike.
told the council that property owners
have consistently victimized tenants. He
characterized the property situation in Ann
Arbor as "oppressive."
Katz said the goals of the Tenants
Union are recognition of the union, and
collective bargaining between the union
of Apartments Limited. Barnhill said that
professionally managed property associa-
tions took great pains to please their
However Ruth Ryan, a former student
tenant in one of Barnhill's apartments,
claimed Barnhill's firm had refused to re-
turn her damage deposit when she moved
out after renting from his a few years ago.
Barnhill repeated his argument, made
originally at the first part of th2 open
hearing last week, that professionally man-
aged apartments are generally well run.
He also proposed that the council estab-
lish a standing committee to look into all
aspects of tenant-landlord relationships.
Udall urged a more humanistic
society. "Another question is whe-
ther we are man-centered or ma-
chine-centered," he explained. He
said automobiles, for example,
owere polluting the air, creating
noise, and causing congestion at
the expense of city inhabitants.
A further area for debate, ac-
cording to Udall, is how the U.S.
should expand physically. "We
still have some options for wild-
erness and state and national
parks but each year makes these
steps less likely."
"One of the most important
questions facing us is wvhat con-
cepts of family and marriage are
apporpriate for our time," Udall
concluded. "We can continue po-
pulation growth or level it off."
Udall said that the 1970's could
mark a "new era for America". He
called for developing an esthetic
.sense of values, budgets balanced
between military and domestic
nodee n n an n Mnesor+ rf
WASHINGTON 0P) - The Su-
preme Court rejected yesterday a
government plea that the court, in
the interests of the nation's self-
preservation," exempt wiretapping
and eavesdropping for foreign in-
telligence from the scope of a
March 10 ruling limiting bugging.
On March 1, ,in a 5-3 vote, the
court ruled in separate espionage
and extortion cases that defend-
ants bugged illegally have a right
to examine transcripts of their
conversations to determine wheth-
guard the protection given him by
"Only if the bugging is UIlegal
can the defendant possibly have
access to government transcripts,"
said Justice Potter Stewart.
Stewart explained that "The
court has not declared government
bugging to collect foreign intel-
ligence a violation of the Con-
"In fact," he said, "the court
has indicated otherwise." The
ruling simply forces the govern-
tacnara Grooe, 7", a meinboer
of that committee says there is a
possibility the new proposal by the
students might win the support
of a majority of the faculty com-
mittee. The committee meets to
discuss the proposal Thursday.
. Grobe said the original pro-
posal favoring retention of teh re-
quirements was approved by the
student members on.the student-
faculty committee because of a
"lack of communication between
the sociology student union and its
'temporary representatives on the
committee." Grobe explained that
student support now will be
thrown behind the plan to abol-