Seventy-eight years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan
idomly culled notes " randomly culled notes * randomly culled notes * rane
wled notes * randomly culled notes * randomly culled notes * randomly cu
rtes " randomly culled notes a randomly culled notes i randomly culled not
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mich.
News Phone: 764-0552
Editorials printed n The Mchigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1969
NIGHT EDITOR: JIM NEUBACHER
EMU and the blacks:
An abysmal situation
IT MAY SEEM that the situation at East-
ern Michigan University is but a part
of a general trend of student demonstra-
tions and that the demands m a d e by
blacks there are simply material hastily
compiled in order to fabricate a cause.
This, however, is untrue. While there is
little doubt that the demonstrations at
Madison and Berkeley gave the leaders at
EMU impetus for demonstrating, the sit-
uation on the Ypsilanti campus is unique-
ly deficient of even the minimum amount
of academic freedom, to say nothing of
its abysmal race situation.
For years Harold Sponberg has ruled
the campus with a sternly autocratic phi-
losophy. His aspirations lie not in educa-
tion, but in prestige. The fact that he felt
it so necessary to build an athletic dyn-
asty attests to this fact. More than once
he has told groups of people that only
through making the campus the athletic
kingdom of Michigan could the campus
SEVERAL YEARS ago Sponberg brought
in Northern Michigan University's
president as athletic director. He h a d
built Northern's athletic dynasty.
Four years ago Sponberg began his ex-
pansion program. But all the while he
kept a tight hand over the academic poli-
cies of the college, running academia
much like a tiny republic over which he
But the student population has finally
mustered enough power to at least dem-
onstrate their pitiful situation. Blacks at
Ypsilanti are less than three and a half
per cent of the student population and
there are only seven black professors.
Given this, the blacks' demand for in-
creased black enrollment and faculty is
all but essential if EMU is to maintain
even a facade of academic relevancy to its
students. Further, the nature of EMU is
one that is more closely knit to the ghetto,
because of its size, tuition and location.
For all these reasons it seems absurd that
Sponberg has kept the admissions of
blacks at such a low percentage.
JT WOULD thus be appropriate to im-
plement another of t h e blacks' de-
mands: that a large number of Ypsilanti
area blacks be admitted to the college.
While fulfilling the needed black pro-
portions, the college could then m o r e
easily identify with the problems of the
ghetto by relating to those in proximity
One of the more controversial demands
concerns athletic scholarships. Apparent-
ly, several black athletes have been kick-
ed off the teams and lost their scholar-
ships after being injured. No such cases
have been reported with whites. If this
is true, it is blatant violation of several
counts of the civil rights bill and should
be immediately corrected.
A further demand that a board be or-
ganized "to hear and act upon students
complaints of teacher prejudice" could
easily be implemented without much in-
convenience and would certainly help to
facilitate a dialogue between the students
and administration - regardless wheth-
er "teacher prejudice" exists.
All of the above demands could be most
easily implemented by accepting the first
demand of the blacks: that a Vice Presi-
dent for Minority Affairs be appointed.
THE DEMANDS for a black studies pro-
gram, tuition based on family income,
a section of the library to be set aside for
black books and black art, that the roles
of b l a c k s be introduced in all history
courses, that Martin Luther King a n d
Malcolm X scholarships be created and
the recipients determined by blacks and
that a black co-op dorm be builtare de-
bateable requests. Some do not exhibit a
great deal of forethought. Nevertheless,
they merit further consideration - by
the blacks, as well as the administration.
The demand that remains is that am-
nesty be granted for all protesters and
that the charges be dropped against those
Only a few times during all of last year
were demonstrators charged with s u c h
high counts as inciting a riot. And these
cases were all limited to extremely vio-
lent confrontations that usually entailed
the destruction of property. There was no
destruction at EMU. All the violence en-
sued because of t h e police's aggressive
and premature action.
By HOWARD KOHN
DESPITE his bastardly insensi-
tivity to the price of our dead
and wounded in "limited" wars
against Communism, Lt. Gen.
Lewis B. Hershey does have his
"The commies are a lot smarter
than us. If old people give them
any trouble they tell 'em to shut
up or get shot," says the 76-year-
old Selective Service director. "The
commies put all their resources in
developing their youth.
"That's w h y we're fighting
them," he winks..
Hershey is not really anti-
youth, of course, although he does
get angry with student militants
and has tried to draft war pro-
testers. But he does get particu-
larly incensed over university fac-
ulty members whoside with the
students or who even go out on
strike like at San Francisco State.
"ACTUALLY I HAVE a lot of
sympathy for teachers. I'm a trus-
tee at Tri-State College and un-
derstand their problems," "But
they're being given a chance to
work. I'm really surprised that the
public hasn't gotten fed up and
given them a swift kick in the
Hershey was not always director
of the world's largest conscription
program. In his youth Hershey was
a deputy sheriff under his father,
He quickly found out that crim-
inals were not to be trusted after
handcuffing a prisoner with buck-
skin thongs. "This joker b i t
through the buckskin and got
loose and then bit me," he says.
BEHIND - THE - SCENES ma-
neuvering in Congress since 1966
has shielded oil companies from
the full liability, of major oil
Sen. Edmund Muskie (D-Me.),
is heading up a subcommittee to
study the Santa Barabara oil dis-
aster and will hold hearings in
Santa Barbara beginning next
Staff members of the subcom-
mittee startled Muskie when they
revealed that protections for the
industry w e r e "quietly" written
into law three y e a r s ago and
haven't been changed since.
EVEN IN THE privileged world
of the Pentagon censors are
T h e stamp pads of Pentagon
bureacrats got blotted up in their
own red ink in two separate inci-
dents last week. The Navy's public
information service w a s merrily
rolling o u t details of a special
communications project in Wis-
consin, while a censor dutifully
marked "secret" on the same in-
formation in the files.
And the Air Force upstaged the
Army by releasing details of a
$425.000 grant by the Midas-In-
ternational Corp. of Chicago.
Evidently, he has found a home
among his former "capitalist ene-
* * *
AGAINST THE WALL: For the
first time in U.S. history no one
was executed under capital pun-
ishment in 1968, although 37
states still have the dealth penal-
ty and legislators in Iowa are try-
ing to restore it,.
*. Herbert Marcuse, contro-
versial Marxist professor, has been
hired for another year by the
University of California at San
Diego despite Regental pressure
to forcibly retire the 70-year-old
philosopher.. .Adam Clayton Pow-
ell is seeking the Democratic nom-
ination in the New York mayoral
Bob Neff, Gayle Rubin aid
Larry Deitch of SGC spent last
weekend in Washington at t h e
convention of college newspaper,
editors under a special appropria-
tion voted the night before they
left. ("We thought it was going
to be a serious convention," said
Dietch) . . . A federal court in New
York hasdfound out why Willie
Johnson didn't show up to stand
trial for attempted bank robbery
a year ago. Johnson was out rob-
bing another bank and couldn't
make it . . . The Michigan State
Police want another swimming
pool because their present one
"isn't big enough."
Our family motto: Grin and bare it
1961 crash of a bomber in Golds-
boro, N.C., after the Army had is-
sued a memo to censor the facts.
A House subcommittee is now in-
vestigating the crash.
* * *
THE ARMY has also been upset
over the case of Pvt. Robert J.
Hinkle whose parents claim he hasl
the mentality of a 10-year-old.
Hinkle's parents lost a federal
court battle in Portland, this week,
seeking his release on the grounds
he cannot read or write.
The Army immediately flew the
21-year-old private to Fort Dix,
N.J.. but on a stopover in Seattle
he called his father long distance
and then "fell on the floor, kick-
ing his heels and screaming."
Army doctors again found noth-
ing physically or mentally wrong
with Hinkle and he will be in eith-
er Germany or Vietnam in s i x
Said one Army official: "The
Army may be the only institution
that can get this boy out of the
trap he is in and g i v e him a
chance to make something of him-
DOROTHY YOUNG, 14, has
been in a Sandersville, Ga. jail for
more than two months awaiting
arraignment on a charge of dis-
turbing the peace for allegedly
cursing on a school bus.
Judge Walter McMillan has de-
nied a writ of habeas corpus for
the girl, saying he wouldn't be in-
timidated by blacks who have boy-
cotted schools since her arrest.
* * *
A MOB of 60 shouting young
men raced through the streets of
Lusaka, Zambia, this week rough-
ing up miniskirted girls and slash-
ing their hems.
Members of the militant youth
wing of the ruling United Nation-
al Independence Party, the mob
attacked and mauled both white
and black girls.
A recent cultural conference
urged that miniskirts be banned
IN KEY WEST, Fla., Paulette
and Amber Graham strip down to
pasties and g-string under t h e
watchful eyes of .their mother and
father, who are part of a family
Mom Graham says she is too
fate to strip too far, so she does a
tassel act with Papa Graham as
The show is shown mostly to
sailors five times a week in be-
tween a skin flick called "T h e
"This strip show is nothing
-vulgar," says Papa. "Most clergy-
men would probably enjoy it. Most
strippers are just exhibitionists
but these girls are entertainers.
"Their mother taught the girls
everything they know."
THE SAIGON POST, one of
South Vietnam's leading English-
language papers, has charged that
Sen. George McGovern (D-S.D.)
"is either loony or a Communist"
because of his dovish position on
In a front-page editorial The
Post called McGovern "dangerous,
fanatic and treasonable," a man
who had sided with the "bloody
weirdos in killing women and
The Post asked that the Senate,
investigate "Senator McGovern
for his hippie-leaning and his long
record of queer statements."
McGovern has called the war
"senseless" and urged that t h e
United States withdraw some men
andspull back to defensive posi-
IN WASHINGTON this week
McGovern has been busy holding
hearings as chairman of the
Special Committee on Nutrition
and Human Needs.
After listening to a number of
medical teams list the findings
of a year-long study in South
Carolina (e.g. 73 per cent of all
black preschool children h a v e
worms in their stomachs), Mc-
Govern asked for immediate fed-
eral food distribution.
The Agriculture Department re-
plied that he could have up to $2
million to continue studying t h e
problem but none of it could be
allocated for food.
SAUL ALINSKY, the oldtime
community organizer; has contri-
ved a new way of fermenting re-
volution from within. After pooh-
poohing black power forces and a
student-worker coalition, he has
instead agreed to organize alien-
ated executives and socially-ex-
ploitable suburbanites under a
.... PRESIDENT Richard Nix-
on's effigy in Madame Tusseaud's
wax museum has been replac-
ed because "the image was too
much of a smiling one."
A group calling itself
SPASM (Society for the Preven-
tion of Asinine Student Move-
ments) has called for a milk-in at
Wichita State University in re-
sponse to a recent beer drink-in.
The beer-drinkers want a refer-
endum to permit the sale of beer
. and from Janie Lewis, 17,
who was held captive at pistol
point in Dallas by an ex-convict,
"He was really such a nice guy,"
after the police shot and killed
MANY PEOPLE GUESSED that1
testers in last year's violent
stration in Chicago were guiltyt
sort of criminal offense.
They were right.
Former Daily editor Tom
now a kingpin of the New Left, was found
guilty of obstructing a policeman on
Hayden let the air out of one police
GEORGE BRISTOL, Business Manager
STEVE ELMAN .. Administrative Advertising Manager
SUE LERNER.................Senior Sales Manager
LUCY PAPP...........Senior Sales Manager
NANCY ASIN..Senior Circulation Manager
BRUCE HAYDON. .. .......Finance Manager
DARIA KROGULSKI......Associate Finance Manager
BARBARA SCHULZ .............. Personnel Manager
JOEL BLOCK, Sports Editor
ANDY BARBAS, Executive Sports Editor
BILL CUSUMANO............ Associate Sports Editor
JIM FORRESTER ............ Associate Sports Editor
ROBIN WRIGHT .............Associate Sports Editor
JOE MARKER.................. Contributing Editor
AT NO TIME had the blacks there an-
ticipated' any real disruption. The
marches were peaceful and orderly. The
blacks staged a lock-in of the adminis-
tration building to draw attention and
publicity, not to destroy.
But more importantly, given the op-
pressive situation at EMU it only stands
to reason that the demonstrators have
helped, not hindered the campus there.
Nothing was damaged but hopefully the
pride and autocracy of Sponberg.
Thus, amnesty does not only seem ap-
propriate, but essential. For the blacks
there can hardly be asked to cooperate
in further negotiations with the adminis-
tration while 14 of t h e i r brothers are
charged with ludicrous offense f o r at-
tempting to improve not only their own
lot, but the condition of the entire
Editorial Page Editor
"And now, ladies and gentlemen,
Mr. Garrison, with his bare hands .
Letters to the Editor
ROTC the past year I have had to read
the works of Mao Tse-Tung, Che
To the Editor: Guevara, and General Giap. If we
BEFORE ROTC loses academic are being indoctrinated I respect-
credit on this campus I think fully submit our instructors go
all involved should understand the about it in a funny way.
motives of those who wish to elim-' Perhaps professional training is
inate it. The basic rationales giv- not a fit endeavor for academic
en are: the program is not rigor- credit? To this rationale for ROTC
ous enlough, it is training and not credit elimination I can only point
academnic work, it is an indoctri- to the colleges of dentistry, medi-
nation program for the Army, and cine, business administration, etc.,
military training is an improper etc., and ask why their credit isn't
subject to be taught at a univer- taken away.
sity. Let us examine these given This brings us to the last ra-
reasons to see if we can locate the tionale, that Military Science is
real ones. not a fit subject to be taught at a
university. This was the reason
The first rationale, that ROTC frankly given by Harvard and
courses are "cake" courses a n d Yale, and while not agreeing, I
thereby are not entitled to credit, must respect their honesty. This
seems to be a newly arrived at in- seems to be the only of the rea-
consistantly applied, criteria for sons given for credit elimination
granting credit, not to mention that doesn't fall upon examina-
false when applied to ROTC. The tion. There is no definition of what
mean grade point average for my is proper or improper in the aca-
Military Science 301 course was demic community beyond indiv-
2.31. probably one of the lowest of idual freedom.
any junior course taught. We re- Those who would t a k e away
ceive 1 hour of credit for 3 hours credit f r o m ROTC courses be-'
of class, not to lmention prepara- cause they don't approve of what
tion and o a "cake" course. Butis being taught take upon them-
if we are o ato eliminate credit selves the role of censors. O n e
goingtmight argue that elimination of
for all cake courses, then Psych. credit is not censorship, but really
101 must be a resounding choice it is tantamount to it. If credit
for first on the list. B u t there were eliminated for Philosophy
doesn't seem to be any movement its study would decrease drastic-
to disenfranchise Psych. 101. Mr. ally. Those who would take the
Landsman writes no editorials role of censor legitimatize t h a t
about it, so this can't be the prime role and automatically extend
criteria for credit elimination. that right to every one who has
Perhaps ROTC is an indoctri- the power to censor. In the aca-
nation program, for the Army? It demic c o m m u n i t y censorship
probably is to the degree the busi- should be the last thing we should
ness school is an indoctrination find,
program for business, the medical -Roger McCarthy
school for medicine, etc. In ROTC Feb. 17
Who would hire an Afro-Mexican-A merindian wog
By JENNY STILLER
Editorial Page Editor
ONE OF THE standard demands
increasingly being put forth by
militant Black and Third World
forces, particularly on the West
Coast, calls for university administra-
tions to guarantee the hiring of Afro-
A m e r i c a n s, Mexican-Americans,
Orientals and women in proportions
equivalent to their predominance in
the general population.
While adoption of such a basis for
hiring would undoubtedly lead to a
more varigated, and thereby pre-
sumably more interesting faculty, it
might also bring with it unexpected
* * *h
Imagine that the millenium has
P.M.: I'm afraid I'll have to ask
you a few questions, to see if you
confirm with our new fair hiring
Smith: That's quite all right.
P.M.: Well, it's obvious that you
are a Negro. Could you tell me what
your religion is?
P.M.: (consulting a list): Oh dear.
The sociology department already
has its quota of black Baptists. Would
you consider changing your religion?
Smith: I'm afraid my wife would
P.M.: Hmmm. Well, I see here that
you minored in history as an under-
graduate. Would you consider taking
an appointment in the history de-
you are a mathematician and a phys-
ical chemist. Is that correct?
Freihoff: Yes. You should have the
information right there. I've done
postgraduate work at both M.I.T. and
P.M.: I didn't realize that you
would be a woman, Doctor. Of course,
we don't ask for information that
would reveal your sex, race, creed,
or country of national origin in your
resume, in compliance with the 1964
Civil Rights Act, as interpreted by the
Supreme Court in Francescetti v.
Dow Chemical Corporation in 1974.
However, in accordance with our fair
hiring practices policy, I must say
that it is extremely fortunate that
you are a woman. Are you married?
P.M.: Excellent, excellent. That
means I can fit you in as either of
German or British extraction. Reli-
P.M.: Uh, functional or tradition-
al? That is, were your parents also
Freihoff: Yes, My grandparents
too, though they were nominally
P.M.: Then I'm afraid I won't be
able to make a place for you, Dr.
Freihoff. Both the math and chem-
istry departments have as many
atheists as they can handle.
Freihoff: But neither department
has more than two or three, as fir
as I can tell.
P.M.: Yes, but you must realize
His secretary shows in the next ap-
P.M.: Miss Gonzales? Please be
Gonzales: Thank you.
P.M.: I understand that you are
applying for an instructorship in the
English department, Miss Gonzales.
I hope that you realize that it is ex-
tremely difficult for us to find any-
one who can fit into the English de-
partment at the predoctoral level.
When do you expect to finish your
Gonzales: Not for another year at
least. I need the instructorship to
live on while I write it, or to enable
me to take the time off to write it
P.M.: I see. Well, we might as well
get right down to business. Could you
UCLA, I moved to England, and earn-
ed my Master's at Cambridge.
P.M.: Oh. (Consulting his files.) I
see. (A smile begins to come over his
face and he leafs through his lists
with growing enthusiasm.) I think I
may offer you the instructorship. Just
one more point, though it's relatively
unimportant. What is your religion?
Gonzales: Druid. I picked it up at
P.M.: Hmmm. Well, um . . . (con-
sults another list. His face falls>. I
am very sorry-truly " sorry-Miss
Gonzales, but there is already a Druid
in the philosophy department. I wish
there were some way to hire you, but
unless you could change your reli-
P.M.: That's very interesting.
You're the first white applicant we've
had for the black studies department
in some time. Could you tell me your
religion and country of national
Brown: Well, I'm a Methodist, but
as to country of national origin, I'm
not really sure. Ohio is about the best
I could come up with, but I'm only
basing that on the assumption that
my great-grandfather fought in an
Ohio regiment during the Civil War.
P.M.: Do you mean to tell me that
you are an old-stock native Amer-
ican, white, Anglo-Saxon, and Prot-
Brown: That's about it.
P.M.: I wish you had come to us
sooner. Almost every department in
*~hP ,,ini7',vr c, iG o'ring fr 'm~n of