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February 19, 1969 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1969-02-19

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li4e £irlyigan Da4l
Seventy-eight years of editorial fre1kdorn
Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan
under authority of Board in Control of Student Publications
0 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mich. News Phone: 764-0552
Editorials printed n The Mchigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in af reprints.

LXXIX, No ,118

NIGHT EDITOR: DAVID SPURR

Keeing the Legislature
out of journalism1

E WUA
By STEVE KOPPMAN
First of Two Parts
THE SPECTRE OF large-scale
starvation hangs overshuman-
ity today more iminously than
ever. For while hunger has been
a constant companion through
history, the proportions of to-
day's crises are unique. In two-
thirds of the world, the race be-
tween a constantly increasing po-
pulation and a spasmodically in-
creasing food supply is not being
won.
"Unless the less developed coun-
tries sharply increase their agri-
cultural productivity-and soon,"
said departing Agriculture Secre-
tary Orville Freeman, "mass fa-
mine will take place. Thus, more
human lives hang in the balance
between food and people than
have been lost in all the wars
of history."
Already, reliable estimates ar
that 400 million people are severe'-
ly underfed, and over a billion
more suffer from malnutrition.
And while food production r i s e s
fitfully, population goes up stead-
ily. Asia and Africa presently
have growth rates of 2.5 per cent
a year, while Latin America's
passes 3 per cent. Projecting these
rates, the population of the de-
veloping world will double well
before the turn of the century.
"WE MAY BE MOVING - per-
haps within the decade - into
large scale famine" said C. P.
Snow, the Britsh author, in a
recent lecture. "Millions of peo-
'ple in the poor countries are go-
ing to starve to death before our
eyes."~
Snow proposed, as have many
others, three major lines of attack
to avert this disaster - popula-

;ing war on

world starvation

"HE MICHIGAN Press Association must
not allow its president-elect James
own, state representative from Okemos,
take office as head of the organization.
o do so would put a representative of the
ate government in a position to control,
direc'tly influenoe the p r e s s of the
ate. This situation must not be tolerated
t any citizen interested in a press free
om fear of censorship by state officials.
The involvement of Brown .in the cur-
nt controversy over obscenity at Michi-
n State University is also cause for con-
rn among citizens of the state who dis-
prove of legislators having extensive.
tside interests.
Brown, as a representative from a com-
unity closely connected with the MSU
,inpus, has the right, and some feel, the
tty, to be concerned about the "decen-
of the State News. No one will be-
udge him his opportunity to attempt to
a guardian of our morality in his own
ay, just as we would not deny the right
some legislator to introduce a bill to
galize abortion, or to make public his
>inions on the use of narcotics.
Nixon's aesthetics
POP PAINTERS are in f o r a gloomy
time with the Richard ,Nixons.The
ord has gone out from the White House
at the new regime's tastes run to sailing
id hunting scenes rather than modern'
stracts. The National Collection, which
responsible for decorating the White
Ouse, groaned a little in private, but has
ithfully removed t he Robert Mother-
ells and Frank Stellas and put up hon-
t, patriotic scenes of the American Civil
gar.
Jackie - even Lady Bird - where ai'e
u? They are even threatening, so it's
hispered, to replace your red, white and
ue color schemes with a bit of Nixonlan
'own, mauve and indigo. One aide was
'erheard saying your splendid red room
oked rather like Belle Watling's whore-
)use in 'Gone with the Wind."
--MANCHESTER GUARDIAN WEEKLY
February 13, 1969
torial Staftf.
MARK LEVIN, Editor
TEPHEN WILDSTROM URBAN LERNER
Managing Editor Editorial Director
DAVID KNOKE, Executive Editor
LLACE IMMEN . .. .. News Editor
ROLYN MIEGEL....... Associate Managing Editor
.NIEL OKRENT...........:....... Feature Editor
T ODONOHUE ......................News Editor
ELTER SHAPIRO.......Associate Editorial Director.
IWARD KOHN.......,Associate Editorial Director
AL BRUSS....................Magazine Edito,
ISON SYMROSKI ...... Associate Magazine Editor
IVA KEMPNER. .......Personnel Director
N MUNSTER ............ Contributing Editor
VID DUBOFF.,........ .... .Contributing Editor
DY SACKS......................... Photo Editor
Business Staff

YET THERE IS MORE to Brown's "grave
concern" than a sense of "morality,"
or legislative duty. As disclosed in The
Daily yesterday, Brown has been at odds
with the State News for nearly four and a
half years.
Twice Brown h a s failed to obtain a
contract for his printing firm, Inco Grap-
hics, to print the State News. More than
once, 'the Ingham County News, of which
he was editor and publisher, has editor-
ially attacked MSU administrators over
the contractual arrangements between
the State News and its printer.
In addition, Brown as the president-
elect of the Michigan Press Association,
is to head a professional organization de-
voted to maintaining standards of jour-
nalism in the state. Again, in this capaci-
ty, no one should begrudge Brown h i s
right to speak as he sees fit about the
quality of journalism appearing in the
State News.
BUT IF Brown has the right to speak
out as a legislator, and to speak out
as the president-elect of an organization
of journalists, he does not have the right
to speak in both capacities. The govern-
ment, and the representatives of the peo-
ple, have no right to abridge the freedom
of the press in this country.
It has long been established that the
government may prohibit the printing of
"indecent material." Brown, as a citizen,
may insist that authorities take proper
action against those guilty of violations
of the law. It will then be a matter for
the courts to decide if the offending ma-
terial is obscene or not.
* However, Brown has gone much far-
ther - too far - past his duties as a citi-
zen or legislator. He has called for the
ouster of the editor-in-chief of the paper,
and has asked the administration to fire
all staff members "who had anything to
do with or stood silently by" when the
offending story was printed.
JIN ADDITION, Brown suggested to the
MSU administration that he be allow-
ed to take over management of the State
News in order to "get it back on the right
course.
No newspaper in any state should have
to operate under the constant fear that
some public official might be displeased
with its editorial content, and demand
the ouster of 'the editor, the removal of
the staff, and the privilege to control the
paper.
No government official has the right to
make such demands. It follows, that no
government official should ever hold the
position of president of an organization
that deffnes standards governing what
the press shall and shall not print.
BROWN must be denied the presidency
of the Michigan Press Association. Not
only has he shown himself incompetent
before taking office by attacking a new-
paper which he himself has had unpleas-
ant dealings with, he has also betrayed
the trust of every journalist in the state.
-JIM NEUBACHER

tion control, massive inputs of
xaalth from the rich nations, and
rapid agricultural modernization.
Birth control, it would seem.
offers part of the solution. In-
deed, it appears logical that t h e
"population explosion," brought
about by a rapid reduction in
death rates, be relieved by a sim-
ilar decrease in rates of birth.
And while contraceptive tech-
nology up to now has been some-
what inadequate, new develop-
ments promise birth control
which will be safe, cheap and ef-
lective. But these developments
cannot so easily alter the social
patterns which make large famil-
ies desirable.
TRADITIONAL PEASANT so-
cieties are adapted to a way of
life in which infants die as a mat-
ter of course, in which there are
never enough hands to work the
meager soil, and in which many
sons give a man prestige and se-
curity in his old age.
The new realities are that in-
fant mortalityhasbeen controll-
ed, that there are now too many
mouths to feed, and that, in Asia,
there is no more available 1 a n d
for those extra sons to plow. Bu
thesehhave not had the effect Qf
changing ideal family size.
"Changes in population trends
focus on basic values - sex, mar-
riage,, and the family - which
don't change radically in a short
time" says Prof. Ronald Freed-
man, director of the Population
Studies Center.
Vntil the 'necessary two sons are
born, it would appear that birth
control programs remain irrele-
vant to most peasant families.
BIRTH CONTROL has never

been a panacea. Population plan-
ners point out that slowing down
growth is a long-term proposi-
tion. Changes in trends are im-
peded by the population struc-
ture which already exists. For in-
stance, the majority of people in
the developing nations are under
twenty years old, thus promising
an enormous number of new par-
ents for the Seventies and Eight-
ies.
Few of the poor nations, in fact,
have yet embarked on effective
family planning programs. In
some countries, such as India, a
genuine urgency on the part of
the government is hampered by
bureaucratic inertia, and by the
sheer enormity of the task.
In Latin America. simlar efforts
meet with outright hostility from
the major elite groups t h e
Church, which opposes contracep-
tion on moral grounds - the Na-
tionalist Right, which believes a
large population means a strong
nation, and the intellectual Left,
which feels that the pressure
created by increasing population
serves as a useful spur toward
forcing social change.
All these obstacles persist
while technical means may fin-
ally be at hand to effectively and
painlessly control family s i z e
Though no existing- contracep-
tive method has proved generally
acceptable in developing nations,
new methods may pass all the
tests.
RESEARCHERS ARE ON the
verge of coming out with' a serum
which can givb contraceptive pro-
tection for a year. Plans are en-
visaged to distribute tasteless,
harmless contraception through
bread and water supplies.

'i

Such technical advances may
come to naught if social values,
resist change. Or, such advanc-
es may themselves accelerate the
necessary value change.
Foreign aid has been held out
as having potential to solve prob-
lems thatpopulation planning
cannot solve in time. Massive
shipments of food from the devel-
oped nations, it has been argued,,
can prevent famine, while capital
inputs and technical assistance
can create the base for modern
industrial and agricultural econ-
omies.
But, while outside assistance
has done some good, the impedi-
ments to effective action in this
area are great. Today, what small
amounts of aid are given by the
U.S. are partially to further na-
tional political objectives. Foreign
capital inputs, as they fare cur-
rently given, while they may sti-
mulate a: poor nation's economy,
simultaneously place their econ-
omy under foreign domination.
This, at the same time that these
nations are struggling to establish
viable national identities. There
seems little likelihood that Amer-
ica, or any of the other rich
nations, will gain the sense of in-
ternational responsibility to do-
nate a percentage of her incom,e
to an international fund which,
could apportion aid on a "no-
strings-attached" basis.'

Food aid, from America, while
temporarily relieving famine, has
the adverse effect of lowering{
prices on farm commodities, both
in the world market and in the
country to which food is given,
thus reducing farmer income
and incentive toward greater pro-
duction.en liaddition, massive, aid
promotes' dependency, and r e -
sentment, and tends to retard the
nation's own agricultural develop-
ment.
While agreeing that our pre-
sent foreign aid program sh6uld
be greatly increased, most ex-
perts hold that the solution to
the problems of food supply, as
well as to the problems of indus-
trialization, lie within the p o o r
countries themselves.
"We can help, but we c an 't
buy a solution with pur money;"
said Prof. Eva Mueller, of the
economics department. "N o w
we're giving must too little. But
essentially, most of the effort has
to be theirs. It is their farmers
who have to be convinced to mod-
ernize."
And there-in the moderniza-
tion of lagriculture, lies the hope
of averting famine in the n e x t
two decades.
Tomorrow:
The Revolution in Agriculture

0

Letters: In reply to Prophetic Insight'

To the Editor:
Y OUR "INFORMED SOURCE"
is one quarter informed.
I am in all probability going to
go to UCLA. Final formal proce-
dures are now underway. But I
have not received a formal letter
of invitation: nor have I submit-
ted my resignation from the Uni-
versity.
As for consideration of a job in
the 1912 Democratic Administra-
tion - I hope your presupposi-
tion is correct - that there will be
such an Administration.
I confess, the thought that I
might get a job in such an Ad-
ministration did not cross my
mind until I read -the "Informed
Source." But now that Ithink of
it - why not? Perhaps "Philoso-
pher in Residence," or "Intellec-
tual Mid-Wife in Chief," or even.
"Secretary of Socratic Inquiry" -
a cabinet position.!
One small suggestion - next
time you let the world know what
-is really going on, go to the source

to get accurate information.
Still, you may be right, though
it might be better to name your
column "Prophetic Insight."
-Prof. Arnold S. Kaufman
Philosophy dept.
Feb. 10
Nice Landlords
To the Editor:
GRANTED, there were some
Southern slaveowners who beat
their slaves, and, in general, abus-
ed their rights and privileges; yet,
the majority of plantation masters
were honest men who lived forth-
rightly 'according to the laws of
man and God, men who treated
their slaves with the same care
and respect that they would ex-
tend to any valuable chattel. I ask,
therefore, what possible good could
come of a non-selective'condem-
nation of the institution of slav-
ery, when the real evils are being
perpetrated by an unscrupulous

few, and when any public display
of discontent has all the potential
of making a benign slave-owner
into one of .,the uncooperative
ones?
This is analogous to the rather
infantile view of the Ann Arbor
rental housing situation presented
by J. Mark_ Rottschafer, a self-
procla4med judge of "good" and
"bad" landlords, in a recent let-
ter to The Daily. His view that the
willingness of a landlord to meet
minimally his legal responsibilities,
when they could just as easily be
ignored (since tenants are pqwer-
less to compel' on an individual
basis), is a justification for ex-
horbitant rental rates and a legiti-
mate cause of unflagging tenant
loyalty is repugnant. His fear that
his "good" landlord will be pro-
selytized by the forces of evil at
the first sign of an unwillingness
on the part of tenants to tolerate
an intolerable situation is child-
ish and has no basis in. fact.
MR. ROTTSCHAFER apparent-

RANDY RISSMAN. Business Manager
N KRAUS'............Associate Business M
VE PFEFFER ................Advertising M
FF BROWN...........Senior Circulation
NE LUXON... ........... Personnel M
fTI PARKER.................Finance M
Wayne A
'By DAVE CHUDWIN
FORMER SEN. Wayne Morse, one
of the great dissenters of o u r
tipe, visited the University Sunday
afternoon and proved worthy of his
reputation as "lecturer-in-residence
of the Senate."
Morse is a man who does not re-
gret the decisions that led to his de-
feat last November. He obviously
misses the Senate. "But I don't have
the blood of the war on my hands,"
he taunts his more cautious brethren,
who did win re-election to the Senate
last fall.
In h i s speech Morse predictably
blasted such things as the war in
Vietnam, the "containment" policy,
and the anti-ballistic missile system.
But those who attended an informal
reception after the speech were re-
warded with revealing tales about
how some Vietnam decisions w e r e
made.
MORSE WAS. in fact, deeolv in-

Ma nager
Manager
Mianager
Manager
Mianager

0rse:

The ins and 'outs' on

f

days before his death. At a White
House meeting they discussed t h e
'progress of three aid-to-education
bills. When their, conference ended,
Kennedy asked Morse, "Wayne,
where's your car parked?"
Morse replied that it was near the
southwest gate. It, was a beautiful
fall day in Washington and Kennedy
decided to accompany Morse to his
car.
ON THE WAY, the subject of Viet-
nam came up. As far back as 1963
Morse was critical of the U.S. pres-
ence there. At that time, he had been
making two or three speeches a week
against continued American involve-
ment.
They stood in the shade of a huge
tree. Kennedy said, "Wayne, I'm not
at all -sure that you are wrong about
Vietnam. I'm in the midst of an in-
tensive study of it. When I'm finish-
ed I want you to give me a half-day
on it."

can't support a Catholic president
who is representing the Buddhist,"
Morse said, referring to Ngo Dinh,
Diem.
"But that's not mytintention," the
President again replied.
And so it went for fifteen minutes,
Kennedy denying Morse's allegations.
"We shook hands and that was the
last time I saw him," Morse told the
small gathering at the reception.
ALMOST FOUR YEARS later
President Johnson had escalated the
'war, sending half a million men to"
Vietnam. Casualty rates were soaring
and there was no end to the war in
sight.
On t h e last weekend in August.
1967, Senate Majority Leader Mike
Mansfield made a speech urging
Johnson to put the Vietnam question
before the UN Security Council.
Morse, long a devoted proponent of
the UN, made a similar speech the

a grapefruit slice with his spoon, said,
"We'll have to talk while we eat."
Johnson h ad scheduled a meeting
with lndersecretary ,of Labor James
Reynolds for forty minutes later.
THE PRESIDENT TOLD Morse
and Mansfield to explain their pro-
posals and asked about a memoran-
dum Morse had, prepared weeks be-
fore about presenting the Vietnam
issue to the UN.
Morse told the President he had
sent it to the late Adlai Stevenson
but had never received a reply. John-
son asked his advisers for objections
to the UN idea. The room fell silent.
"Mr. President you aren't going to
get any answers," Morse said.,
Johnson went on to ask M g r s e
about a message Johnson had already
sent to the UN.
"Mr. President, all' you sent was a
scrap of paper," replied Morse. He
explained that Johnson had merely

V'L
Vietnam:
son asked an aide to check out the
proposal with Undersecretary of De-
fense Cyrus Vance, instead of De-
fense Secretary Robert McNamara.
"McNamara's gone dovish on me,"
explained Johnson.
The participants were invited back
for another meeting later in the
week. Vance surprised the President
by agreeing that presenting the Viet-
nam problem to the UN might be a
good idea.
Johnson took Morse aside and said,
"Wayne, I want you to make some
speeches, on the floor of the Senate
and get some reaction to this." Over
57 senators voiced support in the next
few days,
AN ASSOCIATED PRESS dispatch
of August 30, 1967, quoted Mansfield
as saying the President supported the
Mansfield-Morse proposal. But, it has
never been explained why Vietnam
was not brought before the UN.

ly feels that his division of the
members of the Ann Arbor Prop-
erty Manager's , Association into
categories of "good" and "bad"
would have some meaning even if
those terms were not so nebulous.
What he does not seem to realize
is that the AAPMA was not form-
ed in order to field two amateur
hockey clubs; rather, .its origin
lies in the fact that Ann Arbor
landlords are smart enough to do
what Mr. Rottschafer apparently
is, not - to organize in order to
consolidate their power. T h e
AAPMA has but one purpose - to
protect the financial interests of
its members; it serves Mr. Rott-
schafer's "good" landlord by pro-
viding a congenial setting for col-
lusion. The mere existence of this
association' puts unorganized ten-,
ants at a tremendous disadvan-
tage, and a "good" member of the
AAPMA is no less responsible for
the activities of his association'
than is a "bad" member.
It is heartening to know that
Mr. Rottschafer is capable of
making at least' one "good" (i. e.,
with which I agree) point in his
scholarly epistle; that is, that a
rating sheet of landlords could be
of some value, a very limited val-
ue, since such a sheet would only
put in writing what every Ann
Arbor tenant (and Mr. Rottchaf-
er) already knows -- than, some
Ann Arbor landlords are "better"
than others. What is desperately
needed here is not awareness of
the problem but a soluttcr and
this solution ,will come only from
a strong Ann Arbor Tenant's Un-
ion.
-Sam (S. David) Appel
Feb. 7
. .
anguage
To the Editor:
IN DISCUSSIONS I have heard
of th e language requirement-
and distribution .requirements,
much has been said about the fail-
ures of the University to teach
what students want to learn and
to prepare students for particular
jobs. Of course, the University has
assumed these tasks, or has had'
them forced upon it, but these are
not all the University does. ani i
may not even be the most impor-
tant things it does. Nothing has

curiosity about man and his ac-
complishments, accept the need to
husband what is known of him,
and are willing to try to make
some coherent sense out of his rich
experience.
Such people do riot have exciu-
sively practical concerns. -They
are not obsessed with getting tools
that are saleable. They wish to
learn so that they may know. Mos"
of the men who teach, in their
best moments, realize that their
task is not to turn out engineers
and lawyers but to preserve and
conserve what man has learned
about mechanics and justice.
PROBABLY, the College.of Lit-
erature, Science and the Arts has
a more obvious cultural rmle than
some of the other unit's of the
University. Why, then, isthere so
little appreciation of this role by
some of those who have come to
the literature college? Students in
the literature college surely ought
to know, if anyone does, that the
heart of the University is books
and men, a library and a group of
scholars who care about the pres-
ervation of knowledge and appre-
ciation of human accomplishment.
From such a view, neither stu-
dents nor faculty determine the
curriculum; the curriculum is pro-
vided by all of the things men
have done since we began keeping
records. Those who really 'c a r e
about knowing and conserving hu-
man lore do' not ,agonize about
what is included in their studies
but about what is excluded. They
want more time more leisure, more
books, more teachers.
I AM IN THE UNIVERSITY be-
cause I am one of . those who
wants to know about man and his
works; I know I did not come into
the world as a singular but as part
of a race of men with a east and
a promise. I try to help others to
know and appreciate what f know
best, but I wish also to learn my-
self. And my 'requirements' will
never be met. How impatient I get
with remarks like those attributed
in last Friday's Daily to Howard
Becker, a University sociologist,
that "schools are a lousy place to
learn anything in." One learns of
man from books and from men; I
know of noother place than the
University where the two Pre

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