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February 19, 1969 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1969-02-19

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KEEPING THE STATE
OUT OF JOURNALISM
See editorial page

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Eight Pages

Vol. LXXIX, No. 118

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, February 19, 1969

Ten Cents

Gen. Hershey: He 'l

last as

long

as

the draft

By HOWARD KOHN
Associate Editorial Director
WASHINGTON-The 90th Congress will
severely restrict deferments. to conscien-
tious objectors if Lt. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey
has his way.
"I wouldn't be surprised if Congress just
did away with CO deferments," said Her-
shey in a Daily interview. "A lot of Con-
gressmen have told me they are fed up
with the number of weirdos and queer types
getting CO's."
Sitting in his golden-carpeted office,
which is in startling contrast to the rest
of the cracked-plaster building on F St.
NW, the nation's selective service director
lashed out a, Quakers who counsel youths
on CO defe-ments.
'The Quakers seem to welcome anyone,
no matter how they look or what they be-
lieve, just as long as they're against kill-
ing," he criticized.

We do have a constant stream of men
coming in for advice on CO's," agreed a
spokesman for the American Friends Serv-
ive Committee contacted in San Francisco.
"This is the highest it's ever been."
Unofficial 'figures from the American
Friends (Quakers) testify to the rocketing
rate of men taking the CO course away
from Vietnam.
According to updated statistics, 15,000
men are in research centers and hospitals
with 1-0 classifications and more than
100,000 have non-combatant positions in
the military with 1-A-O's.
Several hundred thousand more are ap-
plying for CO deferments and 10,000 non-
cooperative CO's are in prison for refusing
either alternative civilian service or the
Army Medical Corps.
Alanwood Prison Camp in Alanwood, Pa.,
for example, houses 124 draft dodgers to-

day compared to only three during the
Korean War.
"If I were a praying man, I'd pray that
Congress will deal gently with those stu-
dents who expect to escape the draft
through a CO," Hershey added. "I'm sure
Congress is going to change the law so that
any monkey won't be able to get a CO just
because he wants one."
Hershey changed the conscientious ob-
jection forms last fall, more than a year
after Congress had amended, the Selective
Service Act, deleting all references to a
supreme or higher being.
Because of this change and because the
number of "moral commitment" require-
ments was reduced from seven to three,
more men now qualify under the classifica-
tion.
But many Congressmen, Hershey said,
already fear that draft-eligible men. es-

pecially graduate students, are exploiting
the CO route.
Hershey expects that the volunteer army
proposal, introduced in January by several
influential senators to eliminate the draft,
will suffocate under the burden of study
committees and bureaucratic bickering.
A team from the Defense department
which discouraged a similar resolution in
1965 is studying the new plan.
"I don't expect them to be done for four
or five years," laughed Hershey. "These
boys believe in planning, you know.
"I don't want to sound so old that I'd
say that a volunteer army can't work, but
from my experience I'd say that it was
pretty unrealistic."
Of the 3.6 million men now in the armed
forces, 600,000 were drafted and at least
another 500,000 enlisted under the threat
of being drafted, according to Selective
Service estimates.

In 1960, before the Vietnam conflict, the
United States had a standing army of 2.7
million. Draft quotas averaged between
7,000 and 10,000 monthly, often being filled
by enlistees. Since Vietnam the draft calls
have vacillated between 25,000 and 75,000
per month.
Hershey discussed the all-volunteer pro-
posal, which would become effective six
months after a Vietnam withdrawal, with
dovish Sen. Mark Hatfield (R-Ore.).
He and Hatfield, who helped author the
bill, have been on close speaking terms
since collaborating on university lecture
tours.
"I asked Mark how soon we'll be out of
Vietnam so we can reduce the army. And
I asked him if we were going.to discharge
a million men or station them in Germany
and the Middle East instead," Hershey
said. "He couldn't answer me.
"From the way President Nixon is hedg-

ing I don't think we'll go down very soon
or by very much. Not for a year or two
anyway."
Nixon has supported the concept of a
volunteer army, even though some Penta-
gon estimates have put the cost as high
as $17 billion a year.
Hershey favors universal military train-
ing, which former President Dwight Eisen-
hower has endorsed and which would cost
$12 billion a year.
'But I don't think you'd be able to get
compulsory national service within a hun-
dred miles of Congress either."
Some anti-draft critics have urged that
all men be given a choice at age 18 to serve
two years in either a military or non-mili-
tary (e.g. Peace Corps, VISTA) role.
"The public is against it," Hershey ex-
plained. "They think physicists should get
See HERSHEY, Page 8

0

VP 'to ask endof requiredphys ed
Smith sees Regental7
By ROBERT KRAFTOWITZ
Vice President for Academic Affairs ,Allan F. Smith will
ask the Regents to abolish the physical education require-,
ment by the end of the present term.
Smith said last night the Regents probably will consider
the. proposal at their March or April. meeting. He indicated " , :,.:: : ,. ::
he expects little opposition in securing their approvald
If.a #- hs ~ rn +ha rr rnr + nic ,-1, r,. ?. ,A:? ;. ...':>:;:"

House
to anal
campus

committee
yze state
problems

ii ne RegenTs approve t
education requirement for st
Students
to gin
1
p1110 voIe
By RICK PERLOFF
The chairman of the philosophy
department, Prof. R i c h a r d
Brandt, will appoint a faculty
committee today to devise a sys-
tem of equitable student repre-
sensation in the department's de-
cision-making structure.
Brandt's move came in response
to a proposal asking for the seat-
ing of four undergraduates on the
department's executive and ten-
ure committees.
The proposal was submitted to
the department faculty meeting
yesterday by a steering commit-
tee of undergraduate philosophy
majors.
A similar proposal, which grad-
uate students presented to th e
faculty several weeks ago, a s k s
voting power for four graduate
students on the same committees.
- The executive committee, which
-now consists only of department
faculty members, handles curri-
culum decisions. The tenure com-
mittee is responsible for questions
of tenure and hiring.
"The department is in principle
in favor of student representa-
lion," Brandt explained yesterday.
"In fact, there was virtually no
dissent yesterday," Brandt said.
"The proposed committee w i l I
make recommendations on such
questions as how many students
should be represented, how t h e y
should be elected and where they
xhould -have voting rights," he
added. ,
Several members of the under-
graduate steering committee see
a compromise solution which
? would permit three undergrad-
aates and three graduate students
to be represented on the execu-
tive committee.

une proposal, the only physical
udents entering the University
will be attendance at a special
counseling session conducted
by the physical education de-
partment.
Counselors at the session would
determine each student's physical
abilities and deficiencies and,
recommend necessary corrective
measures.
Smith said he believed the phy-
sical education requirement was
"inconsistent with the philosophy
of letting students take what they
desire."
"I think the requirement is an
element of unpopularity among
J the students," he explained. "Un-
doubtedly it's something not
everyone wants to take."
In place of the requirement, the
physical education department'
will offer a wide selection of
electives. "The department will'
use its resources to promote the
voluntary activities-such as in-!
tramurals and the sports clubs,",
Smith said.
Prof. Paul Hunsicker, chairman
of the department, was not avail-
able for comment yesterday. How-
ever, Athletic Director Don Can-
ham said he was "wholeheartedly
in back of the proposal."
The proposal was approved last
night by the Student Relations;
Committee, a faculty-student ad-
visory committee to the Senate
Assembly Committee on Univer-
sity Affairs.
Smith previously had asked:
SRC to make a recommendation1
>n the proposal.-
In approving the proposal, SRC
expressed reserve about the con-
>pulsory counseling session,
"Is this really an important part
of the educational function of this :
University?" asked Dan Fitzpat-
rick, director of student organiza-
tions. "The physical education de-
partment should endeavor to at-a
tract more students instead of
taking the sheep as they come."t
Smith said the request to abol-
ish the requirement was originally;
made by his advisory committeec
after members interviewed repre-<
; sentatives of the physical educa-
tion department, health service,
and Student Government Council.

Ahsociated Pres

~e are a (IisorIer"'

By SAM DAMREN
The State House Committee
on Colleges and Universities
yesterday created a special k
sub-committee to study cur-
rent problems at state-sup-
ported colleges and universi-
ties.$. .
Sub-committeeChairman Vm-
cent Petitpren (D-Westland) said
the group will emphasize t h e
"positive" aspects of campus ac- ยข
Lievities.y
The State Senate last month
formed a special committee to in-
vestigate disorders on college and
university campuses.
The Senate resolution was co-
sponsored by 18 of the upper
chamber's 38 senators, including
Ann Arbor Republican Gilbert
Bursley.
Speaker of the House William
Ryan (D-Wayne) said the House
sub-committee differs from t h e
Senate investigating committee in Prof. Hochman Sen. Burstey
that it will operate as a fact-find-
ing group rather than as an in-
vestigation.
He said the purpose of the sub-
committee will be to "ascertain
the ability of the Legislature to
aid universities."
The special committee has no opponents'organize
plans to issue any subpoenas, he
said. ByMARTY SCOTT
Ryan explained the universities By
'should have the first crack at Opponents of the legislative investigations of state
solving their own problems," and
soln beiven adequatetme tn colleges and universities have begun. to organize.
should be given adequate time to The Michigan Coalition for Political Freedom yesterday
He said he believes the Legis- called for immediate disbanding of the, State Senate sub-
lature should not be involved in committee on campus disorders, saying the investigation
operating universities, and added "has no legal or moral justification."
the sub-committee may be an ap- The coalition expects to draw sunnrt from all over the

Seven youths are booked in Bay City yesterday o n charges of possession of marijuana. They were
arrested in a raid of a "hippie house."
NA TIONWIDE DISORDERS:
Berkeley 'arrest brings.
con-1fronttoviolence
l-roin Wire Service Ieports ing "pigs off campus" and throw- off a strike. Predictions of dwin-
Campus disorders continued at ing mud. dling support for the strike were
colleges and universities all over, Crowds of roving demonstrators borne out -last night when less
the country yesterday, in only throwing rocks and bottles were than 400 students showed up for
one case erupting into violence. broken up by police at two other a rally.

,
j

locations on the campus. The university administration !
The arrest of a black student 'oain ntecmu.Te nvriyamnsrto proach to aiding universities but
leader at the Berkeley campus of The students are demanding said it plans to take action against not regulatintheir operation.
the University of California re- creation of a college of ethnic students arrested during the Ryan said he fears an investi-
sulted in a violent confrontation studies, hiring of more non-white strike, despite student demands for gation of campuses might create
in which 12 more persons were ar- university employes, and admis- amnesty. Suspension is the most a poor 'andtincorrect image of
rested. sion of more non-white students. probable punishment. universities to the general public.
As police led Black S t u d e n t Dissidents students at the Uni- At the University of California The sub-committee was formed
Union leader Jim Nabors away j versity of Wisconsin returned to at Santa Barbara, a 'special com- in order to bypass Petitpren's ori-
from a picket line at the Univer- classes yesterday, waiting to see mittee on sociopolitical grievances" ;inal proposal to form a similar
sity's Sproul Hall, a crowd of what the faculty will do about; was set up after students staged committee through a vote of the
several hundred students follow- their demands for reforms on the an overnight sit-in at the Stu- entire House. The resolution was
ed. A melee followed in which University's practice of hiring dent Union Building. expected to fail when it c a m e
demonstrators were clubbed and black employes and admitting About 300 students at Howard to a vote because of opposition to
arrested. Nabors, who tried to es- black students. University in Washington, D.C. oc- its wording.I
cape from the police, was knocked The national guard, mobilized cupied the school's main building "Some members have wanted
unconscious as the crowd grew to last week, began pulling out last yesterday, demanding equal parti- the word 'investigation' in there,
several thousand students chant- night after student leaders called cipation with the faculty in deci- Dr provisions for closed commit-
sion-making. Students had boy- tee meetings," said Petitpren,

state on these grounds, explained Janet Dowty, a member
of the coalition coordinating ,-- - -
committee.' -e u.
A state - wide organizational jj'jWd ints,
meeting is scheduled for mid-
March in Lansing. At that time
the coalition will determine spe- rI.t lottery
cific tactics and strategy for op-
position to the investigation.
WASHINGTON (iT' - Secre-
Currently the coalition is organ-{WAHNTN( -Sce
ized as a loose coordinating corn- tary of Defense Melvin R. Laird
mittee with members drawn from yesterday suggested a lottery
the Detroit, Lansing and Ann Ar- might be worked into the Selec-
bor areas, homes of the state's tive Service System before the
three largest univeristies. 1Vietnam war ends.

1Mff; Thnwty DVYlO1Yinfdthat the !

"I think there is a possibility."

IvilbS Liu W LY CAPItt111Cu Iildb 4I1C
I T.airti ,niri at sa nPum rntifara e*ra

MSU EDITORS, ADVISORY BOARD

State News controversy grows

By MARTIN HIRSCHMAN
Special To The Daily
EAST LANSING - Student
editors of Michigan State Uni-
versity's State News yesterday
argued for more than two hours
with their advisory board in a
spiraling controversy over t h e
editorial content and control of

day's meeting that the advisory
board fire Berman. At the last
minute, however, the five-man
editorial board split over t h e
question of what tactics should
be employed in the controversy.
Reportedly only Editor-in-
Chief Edward Brill and Execu-
tive Editor Trinka Cline favor-

meeting despite a request by
Brill that the meeting remain
open.
The meeting was "very un-
satisfying," Brill later reported.
"All that happened was we ar-
gued about slanting the news,"
he said. "They just shuffled
around on the issues."

consult with any members of
the State News staff before
censuring Brill.
The only example cited in the
censure motion was the inac-
curate attribution of a quote
in a story about student demon-
strations o v e r controversial
Prof. Bertram Garskof who was
,.an *1,, AnipA 4-cn,,,.n

cotted classes since last week.
The school's dean threatened to
seek a federal court injunction ifj
the protest continued.
In Charlottesville, Va., about
1,500 students and faculty mem-Ib
bers were on hand at the Univer-
sity of Virginia for the third dem-
onstration in four days seeking;
changes in the school's racial and
employe makeup and policies.
A coalition of liberal and mod-7
erate groups presented a list of
11 demands to the administration,
including the appointment of Ne-I
groes and women to important po-
sitions, establishment of a black

and we diont want that. coalition expects to include indi- .u" aOir 4 a i sb iVnwscneence
Separate meetings with the fa- viduals and organizations endors- at the Pentagon, "and that it
,ulty, students and administra- ing the statement released yes- should be considered."
lion of each school will be sched- terday. Laird's top manpower aides told
ule, sid etipre, t esablsh Coalition members believe the a nw conference the lottery
clearer lines of communication problem is greater than just cam-j would be one means of erasing
between these groups and a clear- p us unrest, she said. Members con- some inequities which m~ake the
er picture of the problems in the sider the investigations part of a draft so unpalatable to some of
academic commnit y.iresently i nation-wide trend of repression the nation's young men.
See HOUSE, Page 8 aid rtesulting inethe janor g, h The Pentagon, these manpower
1000 peoplex,,t specialists said, would like to get
men near age 20, rather t h a n
CE For this reason, they expect a closer to the normal 26 top draft
01111 Ifunds response from organizations out- age under the current "oldest
side as well as inside the univer- first" policy.

bus systeml

sities, such as church groups.
Copies of the statement have been s The problem is, Congress has
sent all over the state. insisted, that even on this basis

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