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July 23, 1963 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1963-07-23

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CIVIL RIGHTS:
THE MODERATE'S VIEW
See Editorial Page

Y

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom

41Z IdJ

FAIR
High--87
Low--60
Sunny and warm
with light clouds

VOL. LXXIi, No. 20-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 23,1963

SEVEN CENTS

FOUR PAGES

KennedyS
Asks for Extension
Of Unit Jurisdiction
Advance Commission Approval
May Delay Strike Two Years
WASHINGTON (P)-President John F. Kennedy asked Congress
yesterday to avert a nationwide 'railroad strike next week by
quickly giving the Interstate Commerce Commission unprecedented
authority to deal with the work-rules dispute.
Kennedy's plan would delay a walkout at least two years by
obliging the railroads to submit to ICC, for approval in advance, the
proposed rules which would eliminate the jobs of thousands of rail-

eks

'cc

Settlement of Rails Dispute

*

*

*

*

*

*

STANLEY THAYER
better communications

Senators ar
GOP Faults
By ANDREW ORLIN
Discontent among Republican
freshman senators might cause
trouble this fall for moderate Re-
publican leadership and Gov.
George Romney's legislative pro-
gram,
Five senators have objected to
various factors of Senate leader-
ship and are sending a list of
" "requests," "demands" or "ulti-
matums" to GOP caucus leader
Sen. Stanley Thayer (R - Ann
Those involved in the action are
Sens. Garry E. Brown of Kalama-
zoo, Milton Zaagman of Grand
Rapids, Lester O. Begick of Bay,
City. William J. Leppien of Sag-
inaw and Emil Lockwood of St.
Louis.
Thayer holds his Senate post on
these moderate votes as he last
December edged out conservative
Sen. Frank Beadle (R-St. Clair)
for the leadership by one vote.
Four of the five protesting sena-
t tors reportedly voted for him.
Better Understanding
"What we're looking for is a
better understanding, more infor-
mation and a closer relationship
with the party leadership," Zaag-
man said.
He felt "in the extreme sense
} the letter could be called an ulti-
matum." However, he said "that
the situation will probably resolve
r itself." Other 'members of the
group said the letter, which has
not yet been sent to Thayer, could
not be termed as an ultimatum.
Brown agreed that the situation
would be worked out. "Basically
there are some things we thought
should be done. I think that Thay-
er will realize that we can work
it out," Brown said.
Improvements
The "things" consist of more
frequent party caucuses, better.
communication between the gov-
ernor's office and the "back
benchers," improved floor organ-
ization and the creation- of a new
post of assistant majority leader
to be filled by a freshman senator.
Thayer noted that some of the
discontent had been nurtured by
"external forces" such ais ex-
tremist groups. The main problem
is one of communication, he said.
"Much of the discontent was
caused by the fast session we had."
The amount of debate and consul-
tation was curtailed. Problems
4 arose because the "freshmen sen-
ators didn't understand the legis-
lative process in the manner that
+ the older members did."
More Caucuses
Thayer added that "we held
m..,. na,,nmps in thiq lng sesin

*ay firemen. The on-train un-
ions' strike threat is tied directly
to the carriers' application of the
disputed new work rules.
The ICC would issue "interim"
orders, after hearings on each dis-
puted point. These would remain
in effect for two years, unless in
the meantime the parties had
reached a voluntarily bargained
settlement.
Bargained Agreements
Although the effect would be a
government-forced settlement for
the duration of each such order,
Secretary of Labor W. Willard
Wirtz argued that the end-aim is
for bargained agreements and
Kennedy's 10-page special message
to Congress said:
"Unlike compulsory arbitration,
this method would preserve and
prefer collective bargaining and
give precedence to its solutions."
The firemen and their four
allied brotherhoods who run the
trains-195,000 unionists in all-
are committed to strike immed-
iately if the new rules are put into
effect by the managements of 92
per cent of the country's rail-
roads.
New Rules Necessary
The companies insist the new
rules are needed to cut costs, ad-
just the railroad industry to auto-
mation, and eliminate "feather-
bedding." About 10,000 firemen
could be jobless at once, and many
thousands more would be adverse-
ly affected in coming years.
In effect, therefore, Kennedy
was asking Congress to block the
railroads from imposing the new
rules pending ICC study andap-
proval. He said a strike could
"topple the economy into reces-
sion," and told the lawmakers:
"This dispute has reached the
point where onlyhprompt and ef-
fective Congressional action can
assure that serious injury to the
public will be prevented."
Exhausted Authority
The President has exhausted his
authority under existing law to
delay the strikerany more and un-
less Congress acts by next Mon-
day, the new rules can be ordered
into effect by the carriers.
Republican Congress members
have served warning they will not
be "stampeded" into hasty action.
Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz)
quickly told the Senate he regards
the presidential proposal as the
equivalent to compulsory arbitra-
tion and reiterated his' opposition
to this method of settling labor
disputes. Goldwater said also
that using a government agency
like ICC to prevent a strike "could
well establish a precedent that
could come back to haunt us."
Committee Takes Up Proposal
Chairman Oren Harris (D-Ark)
of the House commerce committee
told newsmen his group would
take up Kennedy's rails proposal
this week, probably on Wednes-
day.
Harris said that he expects the
Senate will act first,
Some House Republicans shared
Goldwater's view that the pro-
posal amounts to disguised com-
pulsory arbitration. But, generally,
members of both parties seemed a
little confused by the unpreced-
ented approach and preferred to
study the President's3000-word
message before committing them-
selves.
Neither management nor union
sources had any immediate com-
ment on the President's proposal,
over-all, but one union spokesman
did say the brotherhoods regard
the ICC as "traditionally a man-
agement-favoring agency."
U. S., Britain
To Aid India
By The Associated Press

Test Ban
Sessions
Continue
MOSCOW ()-American, Brit-
ish and Soviet negotiators worked
overtime yesterday trying to re-
move the barriers in the way of an
early signing of a treaty banning
most nuclear tests.
Chief of these was understood to
be Soviet insistence on the sign-
ing of a non-aggression pact be-
tween NATO and tle Communist
bloc.
Chief United States delegate W.
Averell. Harriman has no author-
ity from President John F. Kenne-
dy to negotiate on this matter.
Western sources were still wor-
ried that Premier Nikita Khrush-
chev might insist on tying the two
ideas together in a package deal
unacceptable to Britain and the
United States.
Otherwise, they said, the three
powers ought to be able to com-
plete the treaty by Wednesday or
Thursday. Harriman wuld then
take it to Washington where a
Senate battle over ratification
seems likely.
The day's meeting was the long-
est-three hours and 50 minutes-
since the talks began a week ago.
Harriman, Britain's Lord Hail-
sham and Soviet Foreign Minister
Andrei A. Gromyko huddled ralone
for an hour after their aides left
ornate Spiridonovka Palace.
Police Arrest
Bias Pickets
By The Associated Press
Some 300 anti-bias demonstra-
tors were hauled away bodily and
arrested yesterday as pickets
blocked trucks at a hospital con-
struction site in New York City.
More than 1,000 persons took part
in the demonstration.
About 200 foot and mounted pa-
trolmen were in action. They
worked for nine hours carting
the limp and unresisting pickets
to patrol wagons. As the pickets
were arrested, others took their
places in front of the trucks.
The pickets were protesting hir-
ing practices in the 'construction
industry. The downstate medical
center, under construction in
Brooklyn, was the scene last week
of 69 arrests, including 14 Negro
clergymen.
Disorderly Conduct
The arrested pickets were charg-
ed with disorderly conduct and
released for hearings later.
In Manhattan, 26 pickets at a
housing project construction site
were arrested when they blocked
equipment from entering.
A group of Negro leaders in
Cambridge, Md., went to Washing-
ton to meet with Atty. Gen. Rob-
ert F. Kennedy. A spokesman for
the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People in
Cambridge said no decisions on.
further demonstrations would be
made until after the meeting.
Special Committee
The AFL-CIO announced in
Washington that it has formed a'
special committee to campaign]
against all forms of discrimina-;
tion - in unions, employment,
housing, voting, public accommo-
dations, services and schools.
In Albany, Ga., several bullets
were fired into a building oc-
cupied by two voter registration1
workers. The men, one white and
one Negro, said the bullets missed
them by about a foot.

U' Receives $5 Million Contract

To

Build,

x

Governors
End Group
On Motions
By BARBARA LAZARUS
Personnel Director
Special To The Daily
MIAMI BEACH-The national
governors' conference voted yester-
day to "excuse" its committee of
resolutions for this session, thereby
making it impossible for the gov-
ernors to take any stand on the
controversial issue of civil rights.
The amendment was proposed
by Democratic Gov. Grant Sawyer
of Nevada as a substitute amend-
ment to Republican Gov. Mark
Harfield's of Oregon earlier mo-
tion which in effect, would have
allowed for stands on controversial
matters.
Sawyer's substitute amendment
was carried by a vote of 33-16,
with most Southern governors vot-
ing. for it and a group of northern
governors, including New York
Gov. Nelson Rockefeller voting
against it.
This amendment virtually means
that the governors have done away
with making any resolutions at
this meeting and future meetings
until another rules change in the
future.
Hatfield's amendment has call-
ed for a suspension of a portion
of Article VII of the Articles of
Organization which states that
resolutions disapproved by the res-
olutions committee could be
brought before the conference only
if a two-thirds majority vote was
obtained.
He also asked that it be added
that "any resolution shall be deem-
ed adopted by a two-thirds major-
ity of those present."
After passing the Sawyer sub-
stitution for Hatfield's amend-
See GOVERNORS, Page 3
Romney Hits
Partisanship
At Sessions
Special To The Daily
MIAMI BEACH - Gov. George
Romney said yesterday that he re-
grets efforts of certain governors
to use the national conference of
governors for partisan political
purposes.
Romney said that the "confer-
ence should take a stand on civil
rights." He also regretted that "the
civil rights issue has reached the
point where partisanship is so en-
tangled with it.-
"The conference is in a positionj
where there is no way to discuss
procedural matters without taking
a stand on civil rights."
He noted that the only means
would be through the inclusion of9
a civil rights stand in a report9
from the committee on civil rights.9
Romney said that he had par-
ticipated in the caucus of Repub-
lican governors, but he hoped that
"we can move away from caucus
See GOP, Page 3

Operate 0Observatory
.. :.. ::r:" "o: i fr::.i; % ".ti<>:"' 4, T' o C o n stru ct
ry,.: " :.3:".New Facility
.. h"",4.Within Year.

*

HAWAIAN SITE-The University's new infrared observatory (A) will be built in an astronomy com-
plex on the island of Maui (see insert). Other facilities include the Smithsonian Institution satel-
lite tracking station (B), the University of Hawaii solar observatory (C), a "night airglow" observing
station of that university (D) and a Federal Avaiation Authority air traffic control facility (E).
WAGNER WARNS:
Says Vote May Kil Me.asre

*

*

By JAMES GREENBERG
"An advisory vote would prob-
ably kill any fair housing ordi-
nance," the chairman of the Hu-
man Relations Commission warn-
ed yesterday.
Paul Wagner said that "the com-
mission believes that greater harm
could be done to human relations
in this community by opening the
issue to public debate."
He warned that such a vote
would stir up irrational opinions
that would be detrimental to the
ordinance and to human relations.
The Ann Arbor City Council has
received petitions containing 1,-
500 signatures favoring calling for
an advisory vote before final ac-
tion is taken on the proposed fair
housing ordinance.
Sole Duties
"The commission believes that
consideration and action on a fair
housing ordinance are the sole du-
ties and responsibilities of mem-
bers of city councilas elected
public officials. The public must
have confidence that the council
seeks what is in the public's best
interest."
The commission's statement
noted the council, through its fair
housing committee and other stud-
ies of the problem is thoroughly
informed on the subject and in a
position to render judgment.
Council is expected to discuss
the ordinance Wednesday in an
informal session to be held some-
where outside of Ann Arbor.

Wagner added that the com-
mission has provided necessary
consultative work and does not
"wish to stir up trouble" by tak-
ing a part in the politics necessary
to pass it.
Seeks Passage
He said, however, that the com-
mission would like to see a fair
housing ordinance passed.
Meanwhile, city Democrats blast-
ed Mayor Cecil 0. Creal for de-
laying action on a fair housing
ordinance.
Creal said Friday that "it prob-
ably will be necessary to hold a
first reading on a revised ordi-
nance because of substantial dif-
ferences between that ordinance
and the one passed at first read-
ing."
He also suggested that fair hous-
ing legislation "can be more worth-
while if handled on the state lev-
el."
The Democrats charged that
Creal had:

1) Repudiated the GOP plat-
form pledge, recently reiterated at
the last Republican city commit-
tee meeting, to pass a fair housing
ordinance;
2) "Passed the buck" to Lansing,
"a move supposedly contrary to
the GOP way of doing things";
3) Dismissed as worthless the
countless hours of work of his
own fair housing committee;
4) Attempted to cloud the issue
with an irrelevant reference to the
new constitution;
Deaf Ear
5) "Turned ideaf ear to the pro-
fessional advice solicited by the
council and freely given by various
members of the community."
Members of the Ann Arbor Fair
Housing Association-Congress on
Racial Equality are staging a 24-
hour vigil in front of City Hall,
to end at 4:30 p.m., pressing for
the enactment of a fair housing
ordinance.

To See Stars, Missiles
With Infrared Tools
Oii Hawaii Peak Site
By PHILIP SUTIN
Co-Editor
The Institute of Science and
Technology was awarded yesterday
a nearly $5 million contract to
build and operate an infrared ob-
servatory on Mt. Haleakala in Ha-
waii.
The observatory "will be the
first in the world to make exten-
sive use of infrared sensing, meas-
uring and recording devices to
track midcourse missiles and satel-
lites. It will also be the first astro-
nomical observatory to conduct
full-scale astrophysical and geo-
physical studies in the infrared
portion of the electromagnetic
spectrum," IST acting-director
Prof. James T. Wilson of the geol-
ogy department explained.
The Defense Department's Ad-
vanced Research Projects Agency
will give IST $4.35 million over
the next three years for the proj-
ect. ARPA will also spend more
than $500,000 for construction of
buildings, dome foundations and
instrument pedestals.
Developing Laboratory
The agency will spend $2.2 mil-
linin the first year for building
and developing the laboratory,
project director Robert L. Boggess
of IST's infrared laboratory said.
'Hopefully, construction will be
completed within a year and the
observatory be fully staffed with-
in a year and a half, he added.
The observatory will contain
one 60-inch reflector telescope and
two 48-inch ones. It will also house
infrared sensing equipment and
cameras.
The equipment will be designed
to provide comprehensive, on-the-
spot information about missiles
and satellites as they are being
tracked, Prof. Wilson said. It will
be rigged so that all equipment-
telescopes, infrared detectors -and
advanced high-resolution cameras
-can focus in unison on a missile
or satellite.
Divided into Two
The instruments will be divided
into two sets-one of astronomy
and one for satellite and missile
tracking although they can be
combined for use for either pur-
pose.
"The new observatory will en-
able University students and sci-
entists to engage in studies which
are fundamental to understanding
the universe and the solar sys-
tem, while at the same time pro-
viding useful data for the De-
partment of Defense," Prof. Wil-
son declared.
Both light and infrared observa-
tiops will be made by telescopes.
The new facility will allow the
infrared laboratory to expand its
two research and data collecting
jobs. One of the laboratory's divi-
sions, the Ballistic Missile Radia-
tion Analysis Center, conducted
the preliminary feasibility survey
which led to the awarding of the
contract.
Operate Jointly
Boggess said that IST will oper-
ate the facility jointly with sev-
eral other universities, serving as,
administrators and principal in-
vestigators.
Prof. Orren C. Mohler, chairman
of the astronomy department, will
act as scientific advisor during the
construction of the instruments
and will conduct projects of in-
terest to the department.
The observatory is located on
land owned by the University of
Hawaii in an astronomical com-
plex that includes the Smithsonian
Institute satellite tracking station,

World NewsRonu
By The Associated Press
UNITED NATIONS-A speaker for 32 African countries urged the
UN Security Council yesterday to slap a world boycott on Portugal if
that should be needed to get her to move her African territories toward
independence.

LONDON-Premier Cyrille Adoula of the Congo arrived yester-
:day on a three-day mission de-
signed to bury the hatchet with
Britain.

SECONDARY SCHOOL ENGLISH:

Strom Recommends More Research

-4.,

By RUTH HETMANSKI
More evaluative, predictive and
experimental research in teaching
of secondary school English was
recommended yesterday by Prof.
Ingrid Strom of Indiana Univer-
sity.
Speaking at the English Con-
ference Series for Secondary
Teachers, Prof. Strom listed sev-
era. criteria for research.

But if an English department
revises its course, then asks teach-
ers to evaluate it informally, that
is not research, Prof. Strom said.
Or if a foundation provides a
grant for teacher training design-
ed to prove that a fifth year of
education programs is as effective
as other methods of teacher train-
ing, that is not research either.
nc -nn ,n c .. .y-, r -n. sI e

ages of 17-19 have read a book
within the past month. The per-
centage decreases with age until
in the 63-year-old age bracket
only 39 per cent have read a book
in the past month.
Structural Approach
Prof. Strom described a study
of the structural approach in syn-
tax in grade seven. It showed that
+ n rnofh .,_ ei iv-- tir. ni --nni ,

SANTO DOMINGO-A leading
exiled Haitian yesterday urged
American governments to help
rebels against Francois Duvalier
in Haiti.
* * *
CAIRO-In a stinging attack
President Gamal Abdel Nasser last,
night accused the ruling party of
Syria of launching a terror cam-
paign that has turned that coun-
try "into a concentration camp."
* * *
GENEVA - The Soviet Union
yesterday again demanded mem-

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