100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

July 17, 1963 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1963-07-17

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Seventy-T bird Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSrrY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Where Opinions Are Fle STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG., ANN ARBOR, MICH., PO-toNE NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

KENNEDY TRIP:
Mauldi
EDITOR'S NOTE: Neither the
barnstroming political campaign nor
the military juggernaut is a new
experience to Bill Mauldin. The
distinguished cartoonist - commen-
tator has endured the confusion
and vividly captured the color of
both for 20 years.
Here the two-time Pulitzer Prize
winner records his impressions of
the 1963 Kennedy blitzkrieg.
By BILL MAULDIN
WHEN JFK TOOK his jet-pro-
pelled tour of Europe a couple
weeks ago, I went along in a
chartered Pan-American 707, with
a hundred or so other members of
the press.
Most are on regular assignment
to Washington and the White
House, and are the ones you see
asking the President questions on
TV press conferences. They are

Views Second Battle of Europe

)NESDAY, JULY 17. 1963

NIGHT EDITOR: JEAN TENANDER

Men Must Follow Children

In Albany Movement

THERE ARE TWO WAYS in which children
can be reared.
They can be taught to accept life as it comes,
ood or badI. Or they can be taught to, attempt
o change what is evil in life.
Two children in Albany, Georgia are being
rought up in this latter manner. If the major-
ty of the Negro population in this town is in-
ctive, at least two children are showing how
ach individual can attempt to change what
s wrong and unjust in this world.
The two children are those of the vice-presi-
.ent of the Albany Movement, Slater King.
ast week they were arrested for trying to
reak the white man's rule in this town.
Two Sunday's ago they were arrested, along
ith their father for trying to integrate the
'ift Park swimming pool which had reportedly
een previously sold to one of the town's
realthier citizens,a man by the name of James
tray.
VR. GRAY, it seemsg was not satisfied in
owning Albany's only daily newspaper, tele-
ision station and radio station. In an attempt
o diversify his holdings, he thought it a good
lea to buy the swimming pool from the city,
ut his daughter to work selling tickets and
ontinue segregationist practices.
While this was all happening, two Negro
bildren were being taught what equality and
reedom meant. They were being taught by an
ble teacher, their father, that freedom is pur-
hased at the heavy price of arrest and jail.
'hese two children, before reaching the age of
,dulthood, have a criminal record. They were
rrested; but according to "Southern chival-
r" were released soon after.
In a protest demonstration, the next day, a
umber of other persons were arrested and
auled off to jail.
The Rev. Samuel Wells, the only minister
ctive in the struggle for equal rights in Al-

bany, was, in the usual police method, dragged,
and arrested in violation of the laws of the
sovereign state of Georgia. He, too, believes
strongly enough in the two great documents
that this country is founded upon to take the
consequences of police beatings and prison.
IF THE NEGRO in Albany, Georgia wishes to
let the women and children fight, that is
his own business. For the women and children
are the people, with few exceptions, who 'ac-
tively back the Albany Movement in its fight
for equality. Rev. Wells, the Kings, and Charles
Sherrod are the leading, and nearly the only
active Albany males in the movement. The
active Negro families are led by the women.
Let Chief Laurie Prichett's white police force
fingerprint and give these children a police
number. Let these children and others like
them wear these numbers and ink smudges
with pride. They have obtained them in a
righteous cause. And let the men in Albany,
Georgia look to these children and be shamed
by them. They are willing to fight and the
men, no matter what the price, should be will-
ing to join in.
Let the middle class ministers of this city
who fear the loss of their middle class salaries
and position learn a lesson from a minister who
fights for what is right. Let these God fearing,
money and position fearing, men sacrifice their
materialistic possessions for something which.
is of greater value.
Instead of looking to their position and their
nice homes let them look into the book which
they supposedly preach from. This fight needs
the support of more than the women and
children. It needs the support of the men and
the people, in the, more prominent places in the
Negro community.
Being devoutly religious, let them heed the
good book which says, "And a child shall lead
them ."AANDREW ORLIN

closed ranks bumper-to-bumper to
freeze them out.
German word for City Hall is
rathaus. Their idea, not mine.
Every rathaus has a golden book
f o r distinguished autographs.
President Kennedy went into Co-
logne's rathaus at 10:55, emerged
at 11:25 to greet crowds of Ger-
many's oldest city in name of
USA's oldest city, of which he
claimed to be native. Reporter
asked Pierre Salinger, standing
near press group, if JFK was really
from St. Augustine, Fla. Salinger
said spell it Boston.
JFK and hosts attended mass
in Cologne's cathedral. Huge
crowds outside, badly handled by
local police, who knocked women
and children about freely and
cringed before any adult males
who looked faintly official. Situa-
tion got so wild for a while that
people inside church couldn't get
out. During afternoon chiefs of
state made big medicine behind
closed doors, while we milled
around press center in govern-
ment building. Two main ques-
tions of day: "What's this trip all
about?" and "What does de Gaulle
think of it?" Never did learn an-
swers.
* * *
MONDAY: Quiet day, with more
private talks among leaders. Op-
portunity for press to wash out
socks and write reflective-type
prose while they dried. I drew two
cartoons, neither remotely con-
nected with trip.
TUESDAY: Busy day. Press
boarded 8:30 a.m. train for scenic
ride along Rhine to U. S. Army
base at Hanau. Reviewed 15,000
troops with rockets, tanks, mus-
kets. Entire area raked and mani-
cured for JFK's benefit, but some-
body forgot to sweep ramp, so,
Presidential helicopter arrival blew
dust all over honor guard. Not
a dry eye in bunch.
At 10:30 a.m. JFK addressed
troops. I quote one line: " . . .
Stretching all around the globe
there are Americans on duty who
help maintain the freedom of
dozens of countries who may now
be engulfed if it were not for this
long, thin line which occupies
such a, position of responsibility
guarding so many gates where the
enemy campfires in some cases
can be seen from the top of the
wall." Took troops' minds off ach-
ing feet.
President' lunched at enlisted
men's mess. Number of officers

decided to do likewise. Press cen-
ter set up in helicopter hanger.
All hands banged out stories, got
them on wires, then trudged half-
mile cross base for quick bite.
Halfway through bite, press ad-
vised run get gear and luggage
from hangar, because buses will
pick them up here. Fifteen minutes
later, plans reversed again. This
was army, all right.
2:15 p.m.-Motorcade to Frank-
furt. Large, friendly crowds along
way. Stop at rathaus. President
went inside to sign golden book.
Took 40 minutes this time. Tre-
mendous press of people outside.
Women jammed against barri-
cades began fainting like flies.
JFK emerged, made speech, then
walked hundred yards or so be-
tween police lines to historic
church, for major policy speech.
Crowds now several hundred
thousand, surged against barri-
cades for glimpse of visitor,
squashing more people and fright-
ening many members of press, in-
cluding this one, out of wits.
* * *
SOME DESPERATE souls took
refuge by going inside church for
speech. I climbed up side of war
memorial (didn't notice what war)
and watched medics cart off cas-
ualties. Crowd roared with laugh-
ter at sight of plump old lady un-
conscious on stretcher with large,
flowered handbag balanced, quiv-
ering, on her protruding abdomen.
Great sense of humor.
5:30 p.m.-After speech press
battled way through mob to rat-
haus basement communications
center, quickly wrote stories about
major policy speech, got them on
wires, then fought way to buses,
which shot off through crowd like
juggernauts, headed for Weis-
baden. JFK beat us by helicopter,
so am unable to report any hanky-
panky with rathaus and golden
book in this city.
WEDNESDAY: Buses to Wies-
baden airport, where our 707 wait-
ed with ministering angels. Land-
ed before President in Berlin at
Tegel Airport, only: jet-size strip
in city,} which happens to be in
French zone. JFK was giving de
Gaulle bad time on this trip, so'
we found our Gallic hosts await-
ing Air Force One with four how-
itzers, exactly 21 rounds of am-
munition, an honor guard, and not
much enthusiasm. JFK landed,
the motorcade formed, and we
were off.
Something like 2 million cheer-

ing West Berliners along the way.
Happy crowd, with grinning cops
-not like Rhineland police. To
Congress Hall for speech to trade
unions. Brandenburg Gate for pic-
tures. East Berliners had put up
propaganda signs at last minute
so they's be in pictures, too. Clever
devils. Same thing at Checkpoint
Charlie.
* * *
NOW TO Berlin rathaus. After
business with golden book, JFK
faced great throng (1000 first-aid
cases, from crushing) and made
now-famous "I am a Berliner"
speech. "Hell, I thought he said
he was *from St. Augustine," I
heard reporter remark in rathaus
basement press room, where every-
body banging out stories while
watching speech on closed-circuit
TV to keep from getting stomped
to death outside.
Motorcade to Free University.
Major speech. Press wrote about
this one on typewriters in laps as
press buses roared across Berlin
with motorcycle escort to airport.
We had to beat JFK to Dublin.
We did.
Atmosphere more tranquil in
Ireland. At airport found Eamon
De Valera and welcoming party
rehearsing on strip of carpet to
ramp. Some 300 sturdy troops
drawn up, with artillery. When
Air Force One arrived, I lost count
of rounds fired in salute, but
could have sworn they kept gaily
on until they ran out of ammuni-
tion. DeValera made very touch-
ing speech, President responded,
we were off in motorcade to Dub-
lih. Fine broth of a crowd. Back to
Gresham hotel. Irish Airlines hav-
ing party. Press cleaned up last 'of
Berlin stories, wrote new ones
about Dublin, and stumbled off to
bed. Long day.
THURSDAY, FRIDAY and SAT-
URDAY: Kennedy covered Ireland
like the dew, flitting hither and
yon by chopper, while press chas-
ed him by bus. Unfair contest..
"How can he stand the pressure?"
a local lady asked about JFK.
"Madam, he's got somebody else
doing his laundry," she was told.
* * *
SUNDAY: JFK conferred with'
Macmillan near Brighton, Eng-
land. Considerable interest by
London press, and every man who
could be spared from, Profumo
case dispatched to Brighton. Burn-
ing question of day: when Ken-
nedy arrived 45 minutes late for
Macmillan's airport reception, had

Mac known JFK would be tardy,
or had he been kept cooling his
heels? With issue unresolved, we
boarded buses for Gatwick airport
and 707 for Rome. Much thought-
ful.prose typed enroute.
MONDAY: Rome paid little at-
tention to JFK. Even messed up
Presidential motorcade, cutting in
and out to pass with little cars
and sputtering scooters. Nothing
personal: just Romans getting
home after weekend in country.
Besides, they'd just crowned a
Pope, and had had enough pomp
and ceremony for the week.
TUESDAY: Two hundred mem-
bers of local and foreign press
herded to Vatican early in morn-
ing, kept in Clementine Room with
closed windows for several hours
under menacing glares of Swiss
guards with halberds. Pierre Sal-
inger seen taking approving notes
on this method of handling re-
porters. Vigil finally rewarded by
eight-second glimpse of JFK cross-
ing room enroute to audience with
Pope. Another perspiring hour,
then His Holiness made an ap-
pearance at opposite end of room
from where press expected him.
Frantic scramble in his direction,
with TV cameras toppling and
lights falling. Pope radiated good-
humored serenity, made quiet little
one-minute speech which ended
before hubbub died, blessed crowd,
exited. Back to hotel to get off
stories about historic meeting,
then press plane to Naples, where
President scheduled to make major
speech at NATO base.
Naples more than made up for
Rome's apathy. Hard to tell if
they loved JFK for himself or just
felt like having a ball, but he got
roaring welcome entering city and
tumultous farewell on way out.
President Kennedy and President
Segni went through formal good-
by ceremonies at airport and blast-
ed off for home, our man in his
Boeing and Segni in his Convair.
Press facilities provided in airport
lobby for sending off stories about
all this. Then we were off into
setting sun, too.
Midnight fuel stop at Shannon.
Press advised that duty-free liquor
store open for business. Clerks in-
side, having heard hundred Ameri-
can newspapermen aboard jet,
rubbed hands in an ticipation.
Amazing number of us slept right
through opportunity.
(c) 1963, Publishers Newspaper
Syndicate

BILL MAULDIN
... battle of Europe

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Rear GuardAction,

THE TESTIMONY of Governor Ross Barnett
of Mississippi before the Senate Commerce
Committee, like a good caricature, reveals by
its exaggeration and distortion the inner fal-
lacy of the irreconcilable opposition to civil
rights legislation. The governor's theory is
that the Kennedy brothers, acting under im-
pulsion from Moscow, have stirred up the
Negro demonstrators. If instead the Kennedys
would order the Negroes to desist, to shut up
and be quiet, there would be no problem of
civil rights, the racial conflict would dis-
appear and the civilization of the white man
would be preserved.
Stripped of the nonsense about Moscow,
which only the lunatic fringe believes, there
is a substantial minority in the country, per-
haps even more than a minority in the deep
south, who believe what Governor Barnett
believes. That is to say they believe that the
Kennedys are encouraging the demonstrations
and that they could, if they wanted to, call off
the demonstrations. This is what the most
important southern leader, Sen. Richard Rus-
sell of Georgia, believes.
It is by way of being a national calamity,
that Senator Russell is using his great author-
ity to prevent any important and responsible,
southern politician from taking a constructive
and 'leading part in the solution of this na-
tional problem. To say that the problem would
not exist if President Kennedy lectured the
Negro leaders about law and order is for a,
man like Senator Russell to hug a fatal illu-
sion. The fatal illusion is to believe that the
Negroes have no grievances which they can-
not be forced to put up with as long as it
suits the white majority not to redress the
grievances.,
THE FUNDAMENTAL and controlling fact
of the matter is that there is a new genera-
tion of Negroes who will not put up with
their ancient grievances. President Kennedy did
not invent these new Negroes, and he does not
now incite them. On the contrary, as the
record shows, he intended to do nothing sub-
stantial by legislation in this session of Con-
gress. He was forced by the Negro demonstra-
tions in the spring to take charge of a menac-
ing situation.
The President's assumption of leadership was
not, as Governor Barnett and even Senator
Russel seem to think, a case of meddling with
a situation which would best be left alone.
Ihe situation cannot be left alone. The Negroes
will not subside. Their demonstrations, which
will intensify and expand, will incite counter-
lemonstrations by white people. All this, while
it does not threaten the overthrow of the
republic, does threaten the peace and order of
American life.
Confronted with this national trouble, it is
the duty of the national government to seize
rhe situation firmly and energetically and, by
insisting that evil be righted and that justice
be done, to uphold law and order. Law and

Valter Lippmann
sanction of custom, often creates new problems.
These new problems cannot always be clearly
foreseen, and it is therefore of crucial im-
portance that all the responsible southern white
leaders should not disqualify themselves by
diehard opposition. These white leaders are.
needed to play a constructive part in the future.
Senator Russell is a key man here. For there
are good reasons to think that if he decided
to turn away from irreconcilable opposition
toward the willingness to help solve the prob-
lem, there would be other political leaders in
the south who would follow suit.
Reading the record, it is evident that Senator
Russell is not really a diehard, even though
he talks like one. Six years ago, in the summer
of 1957, there was an Eisenhower civil rights
program. It dealt chiefly with Negro voting
and school desegregation. It did not include, as
the 1963 civil rights bill does, a section on
public accommodations.
IT IS INTERESTING to note that in 1957
Senator Russell was just as vehement about
school desegregation as he is today about
motels and lunch counters. The 1957 bill
"could result in;placing many southern com-
munities under martial law if they should fail
to submit to what they, regard as the destruc-
tion of their society ...
Now Senator Russell is reported to be pre-
pared, though of course he does not like it,,
to swallow legislation which will enable the
attorney general to act for the United States
in desegregating schools. The monstrous dan-
ger to him, and the one which would destroy
society, is now the desegregation of motels
and lunch counters.
On the record, Senator Russell is, I submit,
not a diehard for an ultimate principle. He is
rather a man fighting rear-guard action to
delay, as long as he can, the inevitable righting
of an ancient, and no longer defensible, wrong.
Senator Russell is capable of doing better
than that.
(c) 1963, The Washington Post Co.
Exeeption
MOST AMERICANS are not active in civic
affairs. But Democratic National Commit-
teewoman Mildred Jeffrey and her daughter,
former Student Government Council member
Sharon Jeffrey, '63, are exceptions to the rule.
While Sharon was spending a night in a
Baltimore jail as a result of demonstrating
against segregation, Mrs. Jeffrey was attending
a convention of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People in Chicago.
Mrs. Jeffrey returned to Detroit in time to
take part in a civil rights demonstration there,
while Sharon returned to her work for the
Northern Student Movement.
Mrs. Jeffrey told the demonstrators how
happy she was to witness these protests against
n- iniu+panti hP n te r with pnie that

veterans of these trips, most of
them having roamed the world
with Kennedy and Eisenhower,
many with Truman, and some
with Roosevelt.
I thought I was a pretty sea-
soned traveler, myself, with my
dog-eared suitcase and. my rare
collectionbof drip-dry shirts, but
I came back humbled and ex-
hausted, feeling something like a
character from an Oz book who
had ridden a cyclone to the Land
of the Munchkins. The only way
I can recount the 13-day journey
without writing a book is to pre-
sent my notes, more or less as I
scribbled them along the way.
FRIDAY: Reported at Andrews
Air Force Base, Washington, for
non-stop flight to Dublin, Ire-
land. Our 707 parked next to
JFKs two 707s. Was told Presi-
dents traveling abroad these days
take spae. jet in case first one
develops hiccups. Ike did it, too,
so no partisan nonsense about
economy 'from GOP press.
With the sun barely up, was
handed glass of spiked tomato
juice upon boarding by one of
half-dozen lovely Pan-Am stew-
ardesses. Was told girls regard
this choice assignment. No diap-
'ers. Six hours to Dublin, plus six-
hour time difference. Checked into
Gresham Hotel, where Irish In-
ternational Airlines gave a press
party. Was handed glass of spiked
orange juice by one of their hos-
tesses, ho then confided that
she belonged to a militant anti-
drinking - and -smoking society
and would rather cope with in-
fants aloft than to be doing this.
SATURDAY: Early - morning
buses fanned out from Gresham
in all directions over Irish coun-
tryside, loaded with newsmen
seeking nostalgic background ma-
terial for JFK visit next week.
(President himself leaving Wash-
ington tonight, with Bonn, Ger-
many, first stop.) As day wore
on, roads got narrower, springs
stiffer, engines hotter, tempers
shorter. Rest and refreshment f a-
cilities s p a r s e, communication
with populace not always wholly
rewarding. Reporter made unne-
cessary crack about quality of
local highways; bus driver re-
sponded with observation that it
took St. Patrick to run the snakes
out of Eire and Kennedy to bring
them back.
Late in afternoon, buses strag-
gled in, one by one, to ramp of
707, where stewardesses waited
with soothing medicines and rad-
iant smiles. Two-hour flight to
Bonn, typewriters clacking here
and there throughout plane, as
background material on Emerald
Isle took form.
* * *
SUNDAY: Press a r r i v e d at
Bonn-Cologne airport hour earlier
than JFK's scheduled 9:50 land-
ing. Route lined with German
soldiers. Roadside bushes patrolled
by German cops with German
shepherd dogs.,
President's plane (called Air
Force One) landed eight minutes
early. Pilot knocked this off by
taxiing up very slowly, so that
bands blared and cannon roared
21-gun salute on schedule. Artil-
lery looked and sounded like 88's.
Speeches. Motorcade to Cologne.
Makeup of motorcade standard
throughout trip: first motorcycles,
then camera truck, open presiden-
fin nn . .nr7 :rr nA non 'Mof~rn

ALBANY MOVEMENT:
SNCC Workers Dispell Negro Image

(Fifth'in a seven part series)
By ROBERT ELLERY
IN AN ABYSS dropping far be-
low the cliffs of myth and
reality dwells the image of the
American Negro. Not long ago,
some forward looking college stu-
dents scaled the walls of those
cliffs to find for. themselves the
eroded ledge of reality; and while,
their climbing ability might not
have been professional, they suc-
ceeded in dissapating that image
by truly seeing the Negro-not on
the streets of a white shopping
district, but in the Negro's own
territory, his neighborhoods, his
slums, and his home.
These persons established the
Student Non-Violent Coordinating
Committee, dedicated to further-
ing the cause of racial equality,
LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
To the Editor:
MR. HYMAN'S editorial of July
11, "Negroes Need Achieve-
ment to Become Integrated" is
based on a misunderstanding of
the current struggle for civil
rights. No one (would maintain
that equality is a panacea for
the Negro, but to imply that it
may in any way be justifiably
withheld because the Negro has
not "achieved" is a poor attitude
on the part of one who evidently,
enjoys these rights.
As a citizen the Negro has a
right to equal opportunity, and it
is proper that he enjoy this right
-not as Mr. Hyman so blandly
suggests "given voluntarily by the
whites, in return for achievements
which all men can admire"-but
by virtue of the law. It is for
this that citizens of Ann Arbor
are currently striving, in the form
of a fair housing ordinance, con-
trary to Mr. Hyman's assertion
that "the current civil rights fur-
or , . . has no stated, clear ob-
jectives."
Mr. Hyman's quasi-philosophi-
cal questioning of' the goals of
the current Negro struggle lead
me to ask him: How much
"achievement" does the Negro
need before his kindly white
brethren enthusiastically bestow
upon him the gift of equal rights?
What kind of achievements most
appeal to you? Did you leave any-
thing out of your helpful cata-

One chapter of the committee,
whose members are drawn fromt
both races, campaigns in Albany,
Georgia.
While the whites of Albany pre-
fer to think that SNCC perpetrat-
ed its heretofore unpublicized ra-
cial problem, the truth is that
the young organization was a late-
comer, and instead of igniting the
fire for integration, merely sup-
plied extra, but vital, fuel to the
already existent Albany Move-
ment, founded by the Negroes.
* * *
ICONOCLASM pertaining to
false images is only part of the
work done by this band of crusad-
ing agitators, and the word is
used advisedly, who strive for
gaining not merely sympathetic,
but active support in their cru-
sade.
They are agitators because they
stir up trouble - whether the
trouble is needless or not is a
point of vital controversy in the
Deep South today. In the words
of SNCC leader Charles Sherrod,
"We've got this city UPSET!"
* * *
WHILE SNCC willingly subor-
dinates -itself to the Negro-
directed movement, the two work
jointly to precipitate demonstra-'
tions ranging from lunch counter
sit-ins to mass marches.
There are no Albany whites in
SNCC,' understandably so, and
many of the white members come
from well-to-do families _in the
northeast United States. "Snicks,"
as they are called (and this word
has a peculiarly beligerent pro-
nounciation when uttered by Al-
bany whites) are there for any-
thing but glory. There is no long-
er muchlmartyrdom involved in
being Jailed.
Most of them live with Negro
families in the area, and the
transition from middle class split
level to South Side slum can at
best be termed "an experience."
The greater part of the days ac-
tivities are consumed in canvass-
ing the Negro community, an-
nouncing mass meetings to be held
in nearby churches or reporting
latest encounters with the not-so-
enlightened Albany police force.
ONE OF THE greatest enemies
in Albany is despair-despair when
SNCC starts comparing the num-
ber of persons who joined a dem-
onstration to the number that pay
reverent lip service to the move-
ment when met by canvassers.
Sooner or later the organizers
fall into the sliding, slow pace of
the town and learn to count pro-
gress by the number of families

community is fprolific, both in
spirit and in body. Should the
aged crawling being suddenly be,
crushed beneath the wheels of a
patrol car or paddy wagon, the
progeny are not far behind to
continue the tedious trek across
the too broad highway of bias and
segregation.
NOT ALL the bumps and jagged
edges on this highway are results,
of the white folks' vehicle, how-
ever-SNCC workers are pushing
doggedly against crevices within
the confines of Harlem (the Negro
section) as well.
Admittedly, the SNCC worker is
probably safer in the Negro sec-
tion than in any other part of this
divided city. An intricate tele-
phone and word-of-mouth com-
munications network in the area
keeps him under constant benevo-
lent surveillance. All too often,
however, participation in the
movement goes no farther than
phone calls among some families.
reportedly divided in their views
Just as the Negro ministers are
reportedly divided in their views
of the movement, the Negro com-
munity itself is divided on an in-
tra-class basis. Often the middle
class Negro, although he in no
way compares with his white
counterpart, does feel that he has
gained something over his neigh-
bors, and hesitates to relinquish
it by going to jail.
* * *
SNCC HAS its own problems.
Despite the fact nearly every one

of its nearly 30 members has
beeni jailed at one time or another
--often on trumped-up charges of
vagrancy-and despite their living
in extremely trying circumstances,
the unity one would expect to find
is somehow missing. A creeping
pessemism gradually takes hold of
some members who despair of
ever reaching their goals in the
trudge for integration either by
their own merits or by those of
Harlem. Organization of the group
appears looser than would be ex-
pected, and conflicting reports
from various members are not in-
frequent.
More important, there are, at
present, too many white members
working in Albany for the organ-
ization to be as efficient as .pos-
sible in dealing with Negroes. This
is readily acknowledged by
"snicks" of both races. There are
more'whites than Negroes at pres-
ent.
The Student Non-violent Co-
ordinating Committee is certainly
not THE answer to the Negro's
problem in Albany or anywhere
else. But it is doubtful whether
there really is one answer. Despite
its faults it provides ample proof
that whites and Negroes can live
together in harmony-often more
harmony than is found in many
all-white or all-Negro neighbor-
hoods.
While many cannot condone the
purpose of SNCC, one is forced to
admit that, objectively speaking,
it serves to curb what could easily
become full-scale violence.

"It's Not Only The Committee Room-The
Whole Country Is Being Packed With Those
Damned American Civil-Righters"
r-#
kI
~-- _
4 I

Back to Top

© 2017 Regents of the University of Michigan