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July 17, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1963-07-17

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See Editorial Page



:4I itn

Humid, showers
through tonight


Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom






Leaders Renew


In Search of Solutions

Railroad Chiefs Differ
With Mansfield on Strike
WASHINGTON (P)--Top railroad executives said yesterday it
will take Congressional action to head off "a calamitous nationwide
rail strike."
This differed with an earlier statement by Senate Democratic
Leader Mike Mansfield of Montana who said the administration is
hopeful an agreement can be reached without the need for legislation.
The comments came as a special six-man presidential board met
again with both sides before drafting a report to President John F.
Kennedy on the issues in the four-^
year-old railroad work rules dis- u !jo
ut.R H

Cambridge Race Tension Eases


By The Associated Press


Banning Nuclear


MELLOW MOOD-United States Undersecretary of State W.
Averell Harriman (right) and Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gro-
myko exchanged pleasant reminisces of past negotiations in a
lull between the current series of test ban talks in Moscow.
Bu etiik blames Loss
Of Morality on History
"Our world seems more like a'kaleidoscope than an ordered city,"
Prof. Emeritus George Buttrick of Harvard University said yesterday.
Speaking on "A Revolution in Morality," Prof. Buttrick said it
seems as if there.are no standards today. He quoted Ogden Nash as
saying: "Morality as it is generally conceived will have no place in the
coming world."
According to Nash, "morality as it is generally conceived" in-
cludes the concept of following a set of rules. Rules can be laid down
'only in a stationary society; but

Hopes High
As Delegates
Leave Talks
Nonaggression Pact
Tabled Temporarily
MOSCOW (P) - United States
and British diplomats met with
Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gro-
myko for about three hours yes-
terday in the renewed quest for
a nuclear test ban agreement.
The atmosphere on both sides
seemed optimistic, though there is
a good chance that some of this
may fade in later negotiations.
United States Undersecretary of
State W. Averell Harriman and
Lord Hailsham of Britain beamed
at the close of the second round
of the Moscow parley on a for-
mula to outlaw nuclear weapons
tests. They left together in an
American limousine.
Soviets Smiling
The Russians also were in a
good mood.'
One of the Soviet delegates,
Valerian A. Zarin, was asked by a
correspondent before the opening
of the day's session whether he
believed the talks were proceeding
"In my opinion, yes," Zorin re-
Coming from Zorin this had
special significance, for he is a
veteran of many such conferences.
Put Aside Pact Talk
The negotiators put aside for
the time being talk about an East-
West nonaggression pact, advo-
cated by the Russians, which may
later complicate efforts to end the
A communique said: "They con-
tinued in a friendly atmosphere
the discussion which had begun
on July 15 with N. S. Khrushchev,
Chairman of the Council of Min-
isters of the U.S.S.R., on matters
relating to the discontinuing of
nuclear tests and on other ques-
tions of mutual interest."
Further talks are scheduled to-
United States Ambassador Foy
D. Kohler was host to some of the
delegates in a reception at his
official residence, Spasso House,
for United States Secretary of
Agriculture Orville L. Freeman.
Freeman is in Russia for a farm
Premier Opens Meeting
Premier Khrushchev, who open-
ed the talks amiably with Harri-
man and Hailsham at the Krem-
lin Monday, met with French Am-
bassador Maurice de Jean, whose
government is standing aloof from
the nuclear test ban discussion.
The topic of the Khrushchev-de
Jean meeting was not disclosed.
The scene of the Big Three ne-
gotiations shifted from the Krem-
lin to a Czarist-period chateau in
the center of the city, the Spiri-
donovka Palace.
In a mood of relaxation, the
diplomats allowed cameramen to
photograph the start of work on
what normally would be called
"the. expert level." That meant
that, for the Rssian side at any
rate, the pattern of negotiations
had been outlined by Khrushchev
and he left the negotiators skilled
in these matters to fill in the

Mansfield Hopeful
A f t e r the regular Tuesday
morning meeting of Democratic
Congressional leaders with Ken-
nedy, Mansfield told reporters:
"We're very hopeful there will
be a settlement in the discussions
now going on in the presidential
board . . . because if there is not
there will have to be a presidential
The board is scheduled to make
its report to the President Friday
on the facts and issues in the dis-
pute. Kennedy will send the report
to Congress Monday along with
his recommendations for )egisla--
tion to solve the crisis.,
Latest Extension
The latest extension of the
strike deadline by the railroads
and five operating unions runs out
at midnight July 29.
Shortly after Mansfield's com-
ments to reporters at the White
House, the chief executives of the
members of the Association of
American Railroads, including vir-
tually all major lines, issued a
They said "the refusal of the
railroad operating unions to con-
sider any reasonable proposal for
settlement of the. work rules dis-
pute" had brought the nation to
the brink of a nationwide rail
Preferred To See Settlement
"We would have preferred to
see a negotiated settlement to
this long-drawn-out issue," the
railroad executives said. "But,
though management made every
effort to get the unions' leaders
to engage in realistic negotiations,
they refused to come to grips with
make-work practices across the
bargaining table."
They said the railroads had ac-
cepted the proposals p s e by two
previous presidential study groups,
by Secretary of Labor W. Willard
Wirtz and by Kennedy but the
unions had rejected them all.
In accepting these proposals,
the railroads said, "we have made
the most generous and costly con-
cessions to protect our employes
against hardship."
Seeky To Alter
SEC Rules
WASHINGTON ()-The Senate
b a n k i n g committee yesterday
unanimously approved proposed
changes in the Securities Ex-
change Commission Act that
would tighten up on firms not now
listed on major trading exchanges.
The measure also would stiffen
requirements for persons entering
the securities business.
The legislation will go next to
the Senate floor. It was recom-
mended by the SEC several weeks
ago and drew quick and near
unanimous agreement from maj-
or trading organizations such as
the New York Stock Exchange.
A major provision of the bill
would require corporations of
more than 750 stockholders which
issue stocks that are not listed on
any major exchange to follow the
reporting procedures now required
of firms which are so listed. This
would apply to financial condi-
tion statements, proxy arrange-
ments and inside trading.
Within two years the bill would
permit the SEC to apply these
regulations to firms with more
than 500 stockholders.

Red Chiniese
Developnient I
MOSCOW (M)-Red China's en-
voys to Moscow's Communist Par-
ty "peace talks" retired to the se-
clusion of their embassy yester-
day as Soviet propaganda brick-
bats flew past their ears.
The Chinese delegates were be-
lieved drilling for parleys with So-
viet spokesmen which Communist
sources said would be resumed to-
Teng Hsiao-Ping, head of the
delegation to the 10-day-old So-
viet-Chinese ideological talks,
maintained a glum silence.
Anti-Chinese Campaign
Soviet propaganda o r g a n s,
meanwhile, pressed a shrill anti-
Chinese campaign that would have
been beyond belief a few months
The attacks on the Kremlin's
erstwhile ally were being conduct-
ed in thetones usually reserved
for indignant outbursts against
the West.
In one move, a former top of fi-
cial of the Soviet aid program in
Peking charged Communist China
had wrecked aid projects because
of the ideological dispute.
Blame China for Losses
IvantBelobrov, former chief con-
sultant to the Chinese Ministry
of Iron and Steel, told Tass the
Chinese attitude led to great loss-
es and slowed down the rate of
Chinese development.
"Interparty differences were
transferred by the Chinese into
the sphere of business contacts,"
Belobrov told Tass.
The interview with Belobrov,
distributed by the official Soviet
news agency, was obviously aimed
at bolstering charges by the Soviet
Communist Party that it was
China which cut back on the trade-
and-aid relations between the two
countries. Western experts had
said previously that the Soviet Un-
ion withdrew its help as a form. of
pressure during the dispute over
control of the world Communist
The open letter from the Cen-
tral Committee of the Soviet Com-
munist Party about the Moscow-
Peking split said trade between
the -two countries had dropped 67
per cent during the past three
Pickets March
For Legislation
About 180 persons picketed City
Hall Monday night in support of
swift passage of a strong fair
housing ordinance while another
group petitioned for a delay caus-
ing advisory vote.
The council's housing legisla-
tion committee will hold another
informal meeting tonight. The
council has passed an ordinance
at first reading presented by the
city's Human Relations Commis-
sion. No date has been set for the
final reading of the ordinance.
Two approvals are necessary for
The committee is expected to
make a report on its study later
this month.

-Associated Press
CLOSED BY MARTIAL LAW--When National Guard troops
came in to try to cool off racially tense Cambridge, Md., they
placed a 7 p.m. curfew on all businesses and a 9 a.m. curfew on
civilians. This unidentified man has two hours with nothing to do.
Buddhists Stage Rally
For Religious Equality:
SAIGON, Viet Nam (P)-Approximately 1000 Buddhist monks,
nuns and young women followers tried to claw their way through po-
lice barbed wire today in a new anti-government demonstration.,
Charging combat police drove them back.
The monks and young girls, many carrying flowers, hurled them-
selves into the barbed wire hastily stretched across a main street.
Key streets were sealed off as Po- "

FRB Raises
Interest Rate
al Reserve Board fired the first
gun yesterday in a government-
wide campaign to correct a wors-
ening deficit in the nation's bal-
ance of payments.,
The discount rate-the interest
charged on loans to member banks
of the reserve system-was raised
from 3 to 31/2 per cent by seven of
the 12 reserve banks. The others
are expected to follow promptly.
Al m o s t simultaneously, the
White House announced President
John F. Kennedy will send a spe-
cial message to Congress on
Thursday describing other meas-
ures planned to help check the
outflow of dollars. However, no
new legislation will be requested,
the White House said.
Higher Cost
The higher cost of reserve bank
borrowing will be passed along to
commercial borrowers, and should
bring about a general rise in the
interest yield of short-term credit
-generally that of 90 days to a
This, it was explained; should
check the overseas drain of Amer-
ican dollars to European and oth-
er countries where short-term in-
terest rates are higher and more,
attractive to investors seeking
quick profits on their loose capital.
Called in for Questioning
Chairman Wright Patman (D-
Tex) of the House Banking Com-
mittee, called the move "terrible"
and said he will call the whole
Federal Reserve Board in for ques-
tioning, probably Friday.
Patman, who already had an-
nounced hearings on the balance
of payments problem, said they
now will be expedited and will pay
} particular attention to the inter-
est-rising move.
"I don't think their plan is to'
restrict this to the short-term in-
struments supposed to be mostly
involved in the balance of pay-
ments difficulties," Patman told
In a statement the Reserve
Board said the discount action was
taken "to aid in the United States'
efforts to combat its international
balance of payments problem."
Ex-Cuban Boss

ours is a society of change; there-
fore, there is little to be gained
from the past'.
Apparent Chaos
Greek morality was formulated
after the city-states were dissolv-
ed, which was a period of appar-
ent chaos, however, Prof. Buttrick
Enumerating change's in the
viewpoint of ethical standards
since the Victorian Era, Prof. But-
trick used sex and power as ex-
amples of such changes.
The Kinsey report, though it is
based on questions too naive, an-
swers too untrustworthy to be,
considered infallible, reveals facts'
about our attitude toward sexual
morality which are fairly obvious
to those experienced in counseling,
Prof. Buttrick said. "It's a safe
guess that there is more liberty in
things sexual than in our father's
time," he added.
Power Is Key
Power is a key to the way our
society works. The word "politics"
has become a cynicism. "Millions
of dollars are spent to convince
us that one brand of soap or beer
is startlingly different from anoth-
er. And yet it doesn't distress us in
the least that millions of human
beings are dying of starvation,"
Prof. Buttrick commented.
There has also been a turning
away from Biblical sanctions.part-
ly because people felt that Biblical
study refutes Biblical teaching.
They felt the three-story world of
Heaven, earth and hell to be out
of date.
In a depersonalized world, ero-
sion struck the home, Prof. But-

lice feared an outbreak of major
Hunger Strike
The new demonstrations came
on the heels of an anti-government
hunger strike begun yesterday by
more than 200 Buddhist monks
and nuns before the residence of
the United States ambassador. It
was a loud but non-violent gather-\
This was followed by an open
call by Buddhist leaders to South.
Viet Nam's largely Buddhist pop-
ulation to play an action role in
the country's religious crisis. Viet-
namese soldiers and youths were
asked to "begin a struggle for re-
ligious freedom and human rights."
Most soldiers in President Ngo
Dinh Diem's army, now fighting
against Communist Viet Cong
guerrillas, are Buddhists.
Seek U.S. Aid
During the demonstration at the
embassy residence, they demanded
that the United States come to
the rescue of embattled Buddhists
in their struggle with Roman
Catholic President Diem.
"This morning's demonstration
was only a rehearsal," a Buddhist
spokesman told a newsman. "The
struggle is on. I think you can ex-
pect more and more demonstra-
tions by monks, nuns, laymen and
even students."
More Barbed Wire
Vietnamese police retaliated
quickly by throwing fresh barb-
ed wire barricades around Xa Loi,
the main Buddhist pagoda in Sai-
gon and the "command post" of
the recently aroused Buddhist
The Buddhists did not spell out
the aid they wanted from the
United States, but in the past they
have expressed hope for increased
United States pressure on the gov-
ernment of South Viet Nam to
help in their demands for religious
equality and social justice from
the predominantly Catholic rulers.

Clinic Moves
To Vaughin
The current renovation of Victor
Vaughn House will provide addi-
tional space and facilities for the
Speech Clinic and the School of
Public Health.'
The former residence hall is be-
ing adapted to fill the need for
research and office facilities. The
Speech Clinic will occupy the
basement, ground, first and second
floors, and the top two floors 'will
be used by Public Health. Plans
are to. have the building ready for
use by the fall.
The various clinical divisions for
the treatment of speech and hear-
ing difficulties will be in the
Speech Clinic section. These divi-
sions include audiology, an exam-
ining outpatient section, children's
therapy, adult aphasics and a di-
vision for diagnosis and therapy
of students a n d non-aphasic
To Provide Offices -
In addition, offices, seminar
rooms and classrooms, and teach-
ing research facilities will be pro-
vided. All needed special equip-
ment such as soundproof rooms
is being built in. The adult aphasi-
section will include resident quar-
ters for 20 aphasics who can be
given concentrated speech correc-
An elevator for the use of the
aphasics and a stairwell are be-
ing constructed in an addition to
the building on the east end. An-
other addition on the north will
provide a fire escape.
Prof. H. Harlan Bloomer, Speech
Clinic director, said the building
was needed "not only for more
space, but becausenit is better
adapted for our work."
Air Conditioned
There are 43,000 square feet in-
cluded in the project, with a con-
tract value of $747,572. This in-
cludes complete air-conditioning.
The School of Public Health will
have several departments in the.
Vaughn building. A new program
in nutrition will have its head-
quarters here. other departments
will includethe department of
health development, and the in-
ternal health, child health and
mental health departments. In
addition, a special bio-medical
data processing training program,
and research units in the Bureau
of Public Health Economics will
be located in the building.
Install Centre x

WASHINGTON-Racial tension
eased in two Southern hot spots
yesterday while seven civil rights
groups set up a co-ordinating
council and Congressional battles
Tension eased in Cambridge,
Md., after Negro leaders decreed a
24-hour moratorium on marches,
picketing or other demonstrations.
It was further eased when the
national guard announced to an
uproarious crowd of businessmen
that curfew rules were being re-
laxed, allowing businesses to re-
main open until 9 p.m. instead of
7, and people to travel the streets
until 10 pm., instead of 9 pm.
Face Problems
A bi-racial committee was form-
ed in Birmingham to grapple with
the grave social and economic
problems which Mayor Albert
Boutwell said confront the steel
Approximately 20 Negroes were
named to the committee, which
numbered 211.
In Washington, Defense Secre-
tary Robert McNamara issued or-
ders sharply restricting participa-
tion by military personnel in racial
. Limit Soldiers
McNamara, however, did not
specifically forbid members of the
armed forces from demonstrating
in civilian clothes while off duty.
But he did attach several condi-
tions which may have the same
effect. For instance, none may
demonstrate when the activities
constitute a breach of law and
order, or when violence is reason-
ably likely to result.
In New York leaders of seven
civil rights organizations last night
officially formed a group to co-
ordinate their efforts in the in-
tegration struggle.
Roy C. Wilkins, executive secre-
tary of the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored
People, said the group took the
name "Council for United Civil
Rights Leadership."
New Council
Organizations represented on
the new council are the NAACP,
the National Urban League, Con-
gress of Racial Equality, Southern
Christian Leadership Conference,
the Student Non-Violent Co-
ordinating Committee, the Council
of Negro Women and the NAACP
Legal Defense Fund, Inc.
In Congress, most of the steam
in the row over President John F.
Kennedy's civil rights proposals
was coming from the Senate
where the judiciary and the com-
merce committees are holding
The 'commerce committee will
hear Baseball Commissioner Ford
C. Frick and the heads of the
National and the American profes-
sional football leagues, Pete Ro-
zelle and Joe Foss, for their views
on legislation to bar segregation
in places of public accommoda-
Question Leaders
The commerce committee also
faced a decision on how far to
go in taking testimony about the
leadership of recent racial dem-
Governors Ross R. Barnett of
Mississippi, George C. Wallace of
Alabama and Atty. Gen. Bruce
Bennett of Arkansas, All vehement
opponents of the bill, urged the
committee to investigate what
they pictured as Communist in-
fluences bent on a divide and
conquer strategy.
Sen. Olin D. Johnson (D-SC)
invoked a' rule under which a
single objection halts the proceed-
ings of most committees while the
Senate is meeting on the floor.
Music School
Moves Ahead

The music school's new building,
currently under construction on
North Campus, will be finished and
ready for occupancy by Decem-
ber, music school Dean James B.
Wallace announced yesterday.
The completion of the new fa-
cilities will mean that, for the
first time, most of the school's ac-
tivities will be housed under one
roof. The only missing item will be
"a sorely needed large concert au-
ditorium," according to Dean Wal-
The present timetable calls for
equipment to be moved into the
building during the spring semes-
ter, 1964. The first classes will be
held next summer. The official

'U' Players Present 'Androcles and the Lion'

"One of the best recommendations for theatre goers is one and a
half hours of Shaw in top form," Prof. Claribel Baird, of the speech
department and director of "Androcles and the Lion," said in a refer-
ence to the opening of that play this evening.
The University Players will open in "Androcles and the Lion" at
8:00 p.m. tonight at the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. It will run for
four days.
"It is a good summer play because it is short. 'Androcles and the
Lion' is a witty and sometimes serious-though never sentimental
play about some of Shaw's ideas about the aspects of sainthood," Prof.
Baird explained.
She considers the topic of sainthood as one of Shaw's favorites.

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