LY, JULY 12,1963 THE MICHIGAN DAILY
tate Troopers Return to City Supports -
ollowing Protest, Bloodshed Viet Nam-MOSC
SIT-IN--Chicago integrationists sit-in in the office of school superintendent Benjamin 'H. Willis
in one of the day's peaceful demonstrations. Violence hit other parts of the country, however.
Cambridge, Md., and Savannah were two cities where protests erupted into violent incidents.
Violence Marks Demonstration
SAIGON ()-United States Am-
bassador Frederick E. Nolting yes-
terday urged the maintenance of
Erupts j religious and press freedom in
l 4 S111 South Viet Nam.
In a statement issued on his
return from conferences with
President John F. Kennedy in
Washington, Nolting also pledged
the United States will continue
Soldiers To Contro1 to support Viet Nam "in its
T struggle to rid itself of Viet Con."
Riots-Torn Area Nolting's statement that "the
United States stands for and sup-
CAMBRIDGE (A)-The months- ports freedom of religion for all
long racial strife here erupted in- people" was implied criticism of
to gunplay last night, with at President Ngo Dinh Diem's gov-
least two white men shotI and ernent.Buddhist Clash
wounded, state police using tear The Diem regime has become i-
gas to disperse mobs in the Negro voTed in a struggle with South
district, and the National Guard viet Nam's Buddhist majority.
retaking control of the city. The Buddhists claim they are dis-
Even as police moved into the; criminated against by Diem and
Negro area in the southwest sec- most of his top advisors who are
tion, reports of shooting outbreaks Roman Catholics. The govern-
continued to pour into their head- ment denies this.
The shooting began about sIx The American ambassador said
hours after an afternoon sit-in the United States "also stands for
deostr an.in adowrnonses- an open society in which, among
demonstration in a downtown re-other things, there is opportunity
taurant had boiled over into a fist- or thinsthrepprunity
swiningmele inolvng un-for the press to report events with-
s ing melee volving hun- out hindrance."
Police Do This comment was prompted by
Polic Dogsan incident last Sunday. Viet-
State police later used police namese secret police roughed up
dogs to prevent a clash between foreign newsmen covering a Budd-
about 300 Negro and white dem- hist memorial service. The news-
onstrators who had made their men sent a protest to Kennedy.
the courthouse and a crowd of mntprotestptogK en
about 1000 whites trying to fol- Nolting praised progress being
low them back to their meeting made i nthe battle against Corn-
p e tt .munist guerrillas, but warned, "It
National Guardsmen, who only would be a tragedy if these gains
Monday had withdrawn from the were retarded or wiped out by
city after a 25-day stay, were or- dissensions among Vietnamese
dered back. Their 'commander, citizens who desire above all in
Brig. Gen. George M. Geiston, de- dependence and freedom of choice
lared himself in command of the for themselves and for their coun-
town. try "
Gov. J. Millard Tawes had plac- This was an apparent reference
ed guardsmen on alert after the to the Buddhist-government dis-
afternoon donnybrook resulting pute which appears far from
from the restaurant sit-in. settled.
Aid Demonstrators Sources close to leading Budd-
This occurred as about 200 Ne hist monks said they were con-
groes swarmed to the place to aid sidering an open showdown. Sorfe
six white and Negro demonstrators monks said they believed violence
who were being beaten up in the was likely in forthcoming demon-
restaurant by white patrons. strations, although they them-
The restaurant proprietor, Rob- selves are pledged to nonviolence.
ert Fehsenfeld, later said he was Civil War
closing the place for an indefinite United States officials believe
period. South Viet Nam could be plunged
During the violence at the res- into civil war and chaos if ten-
taurant, city police made no at- sion between Buddhists and the
tempt to enter the place until Ne- government continues to increase.
gro bystanders poured across the Budhist leaders said they may
town's main street and tried to soon call on all Vietnamese Budd-
break down the door. The door had hists to support them in future
been locked from the inside. demonstrations. In the past,
'They're Getting Them' monks and nuns have restricted
As the Negroes swarmed toward demonstrations to themselves, for-
the restaurant several of them bidding followers to join in.
looking throw a window sent up a , About 80 per cent of South Viet
cry, "They're getting them. My Nam's population are at least
God, they're getting them." nominally Buddhist.
The Negroes tried to break down Informed sources reported that
the door and within seconds, fists government authorities also are
were flying outside as white spec- girding for action, and secret po-
tators also moved in. For nearly 10 lice were prepared to deal with
minutes, the intersection was fill- more demonstrations.
ed by a milling punching mob. The government announced that
Several of the Negroes who had Vice-President Nguyen Ngoc Tho
entered the restaurant appeared to had promised the Buddhists to
have suffered minor injuries and set up a committee to investigate
were taken away by friends. complaints.
By The Associated Press
ed several civil rights protest
In Atlanta, Gov. Carl Sanders
pledged to maintain peace in Sa-
vannah after Negroes battled po-
lice with rocks and sticks and were
dispersed with tear gas.-
In Danville, Va., the Rev. Mar-
tin Luther King Jr. "very definite-
ly" recommended resumption of
"strong, mas4ive, non-violent dem-
onstrations" there until the city
"engages in good faith negotia-
tions" for equal rights for Negroes.
King said Danville represents
"one of the most critical problems
in the South because of police
WASHINGTON Local Con-
gressman, Rep. George Meader
(R-Ann Arbor), said yesterday
that he favored restraints on "the
sweeping power" th6 President.
would have over federal funds in
his civil rights proposal.
Meader said he opposes the
President's request to allow fed-
eral agency heads to cut off funds
if they are used discriminatorily.
"I'm sensitive about vesting such
' power in an administrator because
of what happened in Michigan,"
He said that a hospital in Mon-
roe had lost Hill-Burton federal
aid funds because the health, edu-
cation and welfare department de-
cided Monroe should not have
both a Lutheran and Catholic
Meader also cited the federal
rejection of Michigan's aid to de-
pendent children of unemployed
parents law. This left Michigan
out of the federal program.
brutality" and the attitude of city'
Shortly before King arrived in
the city, police arrested 32 Ne-
groes who picketed city hall. They
were charged with violating an in-
junction against demonstrations.
Meanwhile, racial demonstra-
tions took place in three Illinois
cities-Chicago, Peoria and East
St. Louis. 'The demonstrations
were sponsored by the Congress of
Racial Equality and the National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People.
Picket City Hall
In East St. Louis, some 150 Ne-
groes, many carrying signs, pick-
eted city hall in protest against
alleged racial discrimination in
the hiring of city workers. The
city council Thursday unanimous-
ly approved an ordinance prohib-
iting racial discrimination in the
hiring and promotion of city em-
Here the House education and
labor committee produced a fair
employment practices bill, but
even its most ardent backers see
little hope of passing it. The
measure to create a five-member
commission with strong enforce-
meht powers won committee ap-
In New York; integrationists fo-
cused their attention on nego-
tiations and demonstrations aimed
at altering the hiring practices at
city building projects and a Bronx
The demonstrations included a
sit-in at the Manhattan office of
Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller and
Mayor Robert F. Wagner, picketing
of a Bronx diner and blocking
work at a lower east side housing
In another development, the
labor department is cracking down
on any racial discrimination that
may exist in the administration
of government offices around the
In a similar move, it was learn-
ed that the office of education has
warned that federal aid grants in
the coming year cannot go to
rural library projects where dis-
crimination is practiced.
President John F. Kennedy met
with some of the nation's richest,
most powerful business and finan-
cial leaders and told them the
civil rights issue is "a matter of
great national importance." He
said he hopes they can be help-
Seventy-two persons, many of
them heads of giant companies,
assembled at the White House in
another of a series of meetings
Kennedy has been holding in an
attempt to enlist support for his
civil rights program. Most of those
present came as members of the
WASHINGTON (MP)-The mass-
ive civil rights protest march
planned here for Aug. 28 'will in-
clude a demonstration in front of
the White House and a rally at
the Lincoln Memorial, its organ-
izers said yesterday.
But no march is planned on the
Capitol, where protest demonstra-
tions of all sorts are prohibited.
Instead the demonstrators will
visit individual members of Con-
gress. This would seem to rule out
any sit-in plans.
The sponsoring groups expect
more than 100,000 to participate,
according to the Rev. Walter
Fountroy, regional representative
of the Southern Christian' Lead-
ership Conference. Some earlier
estimates had predicted as many
as 300,000 praders.
The march, Fauntroy said,
would be designed to focus na-
tional attention on the necessity
for effective civil rights legisla-
tion as well as the economic plight
of the Negro.
The scope of the march was
outlined after a meeting at which
Police Chief Robert B. Murray
promised "we will work with you
and extend to you every reason-
Fauntroy, as spokesman for the
sponsors, expressed confidence
that there would be no acts of
civil disobedience. He said "we are
developing a force of men who will
assist us in moving this large num-
ber of people through our city
[ World News Rounldup,
By The Associated Press.
ROME-Pope Paul VI yesterday
met United Nations Secretary-
General U Thant, a Buddhist, and
told him he esteemed the world
organization's program to elimin-
ate war, aid young countries and
guard human rights. Thant dis-
closed at a news conference he
had discussed the fate of Joseph
Cardinal Mindszenty with Premier
Janos Kadar of Communist Hun-
gary on a visit to Budapest. Thant
declined to say, however, whether
he brought up this subject in his
30-minute private audience with
Pope Paul. Nor would he say more
about his talk with Kadar.
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LONDON-Malaya's prime min-
ister has reminded Indonesian
President Sukarno that they had
both agreed to refrain from giv-
ing any provocation over Malaysia.
Sukarno was reported to have said
that Tunku Abdul Rahman had
broken faith with him by signing
an agreement to set up the Malay-
WASHINGTON-A House com-
mittee yesterday slashed $280 mil-
lion from President John F. Ken-
nedy's proposed foreign aid funds,
while senators, concluding public
hearings, got conflicting advice on
what they should do. Retired Gen.
Lucius D. Clay suggested to the
Senate Foreign Relations Commit-
tee that actual spending could be
held to about $4 billion in the
current fiscal year, or some $900
million below the President's orig-
inal request. But he did not spe-
... meets Pope
cify where the cuts should be
made. Labor leader George Meany,
head of the AFL-CIO, meanwhile
opposed any cutbacks in foreign
military or other assistance pro-
grams at this time.
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