EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Where Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG., ANN ARBOR, MICH., PHONE NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must he noted in all reprints.
DNESDAY, JULY 10, 1963
NIGHT EDITOR: RONALD WILTON
Central Campus Area
F _i~t 9 r. 1. .
' N 17
" '1 ( . w ti* . r 1 + r ' ,
[HE UNIVERITY main campus area should
be revamped if finances permit.
It is too cityish. It lacks serenity. It is cement
riented. There are too many cars and too
nany streets traveling through the main cam-,
us area. They present a hazard to life and a
iealth and an affront to beauty.
A few decades ago traffic deaths in the
apnpus area were common. Today there are
ecasional injuries and frequent near-mishaps.
'or a pedestrian--and almost everyone at the
Jniversity is a pedestrian-dodging cars is not
nly a hindrance to relaxed contemplation but
lso a necessity for the preservation of self.
The hurrying of cars about a person makes
im feel like hurrying himself. He becomes
nxious or time as well as life.
A university should not be a hot cement
ingle of cars, street and traffic lights. It
hiould be an escape from the negative aspects
f a city.
The function of a university is to spread
nowledge and understanding and to -encour-
.ge thinking. Accordingly, the area in which a
niversity finds itself should :be conducive to
houghtful living. The area should be pleasant,
estful and pretty, since these characteristics
ssist both scholarship and general living.!
If the University area is to become more
onducive to scholarship, city and University
aders should work on two kinds of develop-
ient: the elimination of automobile traffic and
he building of parks.,
rHE PARKS and Open Space plan of the city
calls for ;no major parks in the University
rea In fact the plan suggests the building of
rmy one recreational facility in the University
rea-a playground at Madison and Packaid.
his would not help the University. And the
DHE UNITED STATES, long the proclaimer of
peace and democracy, took Africa a step
way from both these cherished goals last week.
z an innocuous announcement the Pentagon
ported that it had set up a training program
r African army officers at United States col-
ges and universities as well as military in-
Thus militarism is introduced to a conti-
ent where it has been largely absent. This
ogram will unbalance the relationship be-
veen African civilians and military by train-
g a highly-educated military elite Forget-
rig lessons about ,Democracy and 7 civilian
imacy over the military, these officers will
ave the power and ability to seize the gov-
nment when they feel bumbling, less-educat-
i civilians are not doing a proper job. South
nerica graphically illustrates the effects of
The United States could have better spent
is money on a general scholarship program
r African students or on programs to up-
ade African higher education. Only by rais-
g the general level of African education and
>t that of a special, potentially-dangerous
oup, will the United States be serving the
terests of peace and democracy in the emerg-
next two closest proposed facilities are also
playgrounds- at South University and Linden
and at Division and Lawrence. The closest kind
of proposed facility that would serve University
people would be a neighborhood park - at
Canal Street, which is not at all near the
Working together, the city and the Univer-
sity should construct parks at three locations
in the University area:
First, in the area surrounded by Huron,
State, Liberty and Division. Washington Street
should be blocked off at Division and State
and converted to a mall within the park.
Second, in the area bordered by North Uni-
versity, Forest, Huron and Fletcher. Washing-
ton Street should be blocked off at Fletcher
and Forest and converted to a mall here too. k.
Third, in the triangle outlined by Church,
Washtenaw and South University. Forest
should be blocked off at Washtenaw and South
University and converted to a mall.
PARKS IN THESE three areas would service
the main campus, providing a retreat .for
thoughts, relaxation, and perhaps recreation.
All three parks would be within one block of
the central 40 acres of the University. The
second and third areas mentioned are being
used privately right now, and the first is being
used privately and publicly. Part of the second
area is already a park: the corner of Fletcher
and Huron. But it is small and it lacks equip-
ment such as benches.
If possible, the streets cut off should be
returned to nature rather than made into
malls. That isublowthem up, remove the con-
crete, and plant grass and shrubs and trees.
The hillyness of the second mentioned park
would add an additional quality to it, making
it more pleasant and picturesque.
Certain other streets in the University area
should be blocked off from automobile traffic
and converted into malls or returned to nature.
-State between South University and Wil-
liam, where there is intense pedestrian traffic.
--William from State to Thompson and
Maynard from Liberty to Jefferson. These
blocks are both unesthetic and hazardous.
-East University between North University
and South University. Together, with action
on State street, conversion would mean greater
integration of the University as well as in-
creased beauty and safety.
-North University from Washtenaw to Ob-
servatory and Forest between Huron and Wash-
tenaw. These are both dangerous streets, and
the intersection of North University and Forest
is sometimes a traumatic experience.
Conversion of Forest would integrate the
second proposed park with the athletic fields
by the women's residence halls. Conversion of
East University would better integrate the
third proposed park with central campus.
Other streets could be converted and other
parks could be built in the University area
to the south and to the west of the central
To do what is suggested here k would be a
start in making the University area a truly
university area-a "thing of beauty" which
would be "a joy forever."
Creation of Waltz
Marked Musical Epoch
By JEFFREY K. CHASE
'TH E'WALTZ was an epoch in
the history of the dance be-
cause it was the first dance in
whichthe partners embraced each
other," Willi Apel, noted music
"Naturally this evoked enthu-
siastic response as well as violent
protest,"' he continues. Maybe it
is for this reason that the waltz
maintains a popularity even today.
Joseph Lanner and his dance
orchestra was the rage of early
19th century Viennese society. It
was he who formally evolved the
Viennese waltz, his specialty, from
the Landler, an Austrian peasant
dance resmbling a slow waltz.
As his prosperity grew, he added
musicians to his then small en-
semble, among them Johann
Strauss, Sr. But when Strauss be-
gan to compose waltzes himself,
their friendship began to fold.
Finally Strauss quit Lanner's or-
chestra, taking some of the mu-
sicians with him.
Now the public had to divide its
favor between two high-quality
orchestras with their rivaling
THE WALTZES of these two
keen competitors were identical
in form-five sections with an in-
troduction and a coda. But there
the resemblance differed. Lanner
preferred quiet, dreamy, lyric mel-
odies so characteristic of the "sen-
timental, moonlight romanticism"
of that time.
Strauss, on the other hand, im-
bued his dances with brillance
and rhythmic fire. The use of
synchopation in the melodic line
is typicalof his technique. Charac-
teristic, too, is the varied and
imagihative orchestral color which
With. Lanner's death in 1843
Strauss gained sole authority over
the Viennese waltz. The Viennese
society he knew was jovial, gre-
garious, elegant and festive.
BUT AS Johann, Sr. had pre-
viously done to Lanner, so Strauss'
son Johann, Jr., was to do to him.
In 1844 Strauss, Jr. organized his
own dance orchestra which was a
rival to that of his famous father.
(Incidentally, Johann, Jr. was
born in the same year Johann, Sr.
split with Lanner!) When his
father died in 1849, Strauss, Jr.
took over that orchestra and, with
both of these ensembles, made
his first tour of Europe in 1851.
Strauss, Jr.'s far-reaching fame
was not secured, however, until
his "Blue. Danube" waltz became
a popular selection in the Euro-
pean circles. Although it's premier
in Vienna was unsuccessful the
Paris public accepted it imme-
Strauss, Jr. united the favorable
qualities of the waltzes of both his
father and Lanner. By combining
lyric melodies with dynamic
rhythm and enriching the har-
monic and coloristic possibilities,
he has built for himself the repu-
tation of "Waltz King."
Then, toward the end of the
century, the American duple-
metered two-step infected Europe,
robbing the waltz of its, long-
standing popularity. And xfinally,
with the advent of jazz, the waltz
lost most of its remaining hold on
the dancing public.
But as an art form the waltz
lingers on, as manifest in such
compositions as Maurice Ravel's
~I 14EAR YOU I4N' TROUBI.E WITH 1A M3OF IW3STS IN (41M.
TWO POINTS OF CONTENTION:
Kennedy Civil Rights Bill Faces Stiff Opposition
By ELLEN SHUBART
WASHINGTON, D. C.-The heat
is on in this city and it is
not only the 96 degree heat that
Congressmen are feeling. The ad-".
ministration is currently engaged
in a campaign to pressure for the
passage of President John F. Ken-
nedy's civil rights package.
By far the most controversial
issue is the section on public ac-
commodations and thus far At-
torney General Robert Kennedy
and liberal Democrats are finding
the going tough. Kennedy and
others testified before the Senate
commerce committee for three
days on the bill and most of the
questions were aimed at the pro-
vision providing for no discrim-
TODAY AND. TOMORROW:
U.S., USSR. Ap proach
Test, Ban Treaty
ination in public establishments
which are "substantially" in-
volved in interstate commerce.
Two major questions are in-
volved: 1) is the provision con-
stitutional and 2) what is the def-
inition of substantial.
The administration is basing its
argument on the commerce clause
in the Constitution-Congress has
the right to regulate interstate
commerce. There are two reasons
for this approach. In the first.
place, a similar non-discrimina-
tion provision was struck down by
the Supreme Court in 1883 when
it was based upon the Fourteenth
Amendment. The administration
does not want to leave itself open
to Congressional criticism: that its
bill would also be declared un-
Secondly, the Senate judicial
committee is headed by Sen.;
James O. Eastland (D-Miss), a
declared foe. of civil rights while
the commerce committee chair-
man Sen. Warren Maguson (D-
Wash) is definitely more friendly
to the bill. The commerce com-
mittee is, almost surely going to
release the bill to the floor more;
easily than the judiciary com-
* *, *
KENNEDY, during his days of
testimony, ran into opposition '
from a known foe of civil rights
measures, Sen. Strom Thurmond
(D-SC). Thurmond harped op two 1
issues: the constitutionality o the:
act and the definition of substan-
While Kennedy repeatedly stat-
ed that he felt the bill is con-
stitutional and would be even un-
der the Fourteenth Amendment,
Thurmond claimed that the police
power is reserved to the states
and it is this power only which
can be used as a rationale for such
a bill. Thurmond also argued that
private rights of individuals to
associate with who mthey pleased
would be violated by the bill.
Kennedy kept repeating that a
propriator could serve whom he
pleased but could not ,discrim-
inate on the basis of race, creed
or national origin alone. When
Thurmond asked if he could serve
only a college student clientel in
his mythical restaurant Kennedy,
replied, "of course."
Then Thurmond asked if he
could only serve red headed sec-
retaries and Kennedy replied "one
would question why you would
want to do that, Senator." -
THURMOND ALSO asked for
the definition of substantial. Ken-
nedy replied "more than minimal."
This did not satisfy either Thur-
mond or some of the friends of
the bill. Many of the Senators be-
lieve that a more accurate defini-
tion of which establishments are
covered by the bill is needed..
There has been repeated con-
troversy over whether or not the
bill would cover small establish-
ments like "Mrs. Murphy's room-
ing house." These are those es-
tablishments where the propriator
lives on the premises or those
which do not affect interstate
commerce greatly. Many Congress-
men want to exclude these estab-
lishments from the provisions of
Kennedy noted that the ad-
ministration would be willing to
accept such provisions, but ex-
plained that they were not origin-
ally included in the bill because
"it would sound like it was not
all right for large establishments
to discriminate but it is all right
for small ones to do so."
* * *
KENNEDY DID explain, how-
ever, thdt establishments like
beauty shops, barber shops or
cleaners would probably not be
covered by the bill unless they
were located at a transportation
terminus point or served mainly
The testimonies go on and it is
unlikely that the bill will be re-
leased from committee for another
week. Yet the committee hearings
are a definite indication of what
the filabuster arguments will be
once the bill reaches the floor.
President Kennedy needs the aid
of at least 20 Republican Senators
in order, to pass his bill. While
most of the so-called liberal,
Northern Republicans will support
a civil rights bill, many of them
are hesitant to include the public
accommodations section in an ac-
ceptable bill. The question now is
how much pressure Kennedy can
bring to bear upon these men in
order to get his bill passed.
Integration Needs Patience
IECENT WEEKS have been very productive
for the United States in the fieldi of inter-
ational opinion and propaganda. Russia has
Iso been very active in- those fields. There the
milarity' ends, however. For while the Rus-
ans have been garnering respect and praise
om the entire world for their accomplish-
ent of the duo space probe, the U.S. has been
rawing the ire, contempt and resentment of
ze entire world because of the racial conflicts
ing waged not only in the South, but in the
The background of the conflict is interesting
note. After a century of second-rate citizen-
up Negroes have had enough. The demands
ey have placed are warranted and just. Their
:tions in obtaining these demands are not.
hey are tired of being deprived of the common
ghts enjoyed by most of the white citizens
this country. Such things as the right to
te, to eat where they wish, to sit on a public
nveyance where they please, and to drink
ater out of the same fountain as a white
rson are among the things they demand.
What then are the objections of the white
ople to granting these simple rights?
Primarily, it is the feeling of the Negro as
second class, inferior citizen.
T IS AN understandable problem that has
arisen. We in the West and in the North
il to appreciate the cultural differences that
e Southern white is' experiencing. Many of
e older whites had grandfathers who owned
aves, and their upbringing has been geared
the determination that the Negro is an
fight for white rights too when that factor
What then can be done?
The President should be patient with the
South and with the other segments of the
country in which the problem exists. In ad-
dition, the Supreme Court should realize that
it is impossible to force complete integration
at once and should take steps which would
make the process gradual and would ease the
tension being felt by many whites.
Negroes have the duty and responsibility to
remain peaceful and to keep from expressing
their hostility by overt acts of violence. The
courts, after all, have treated them with ex-
treme generosity in granting their demands.
ONE OF THE two greatest state universities
in the country, the University of California,
has finally removed its speaker ban. The other
member of the pair, the University, should do
California's ban was crude, excluding Com-
munist speakers, while Michigan's ban is
sophisticated, abridging the advocacy of civil
disobedience and of violent overthrow. But
both have been affronts to the intelligence of
the human mind.
In rescinding the ban, the regents of Cal-
ifornia declared in a resolution that they "have
confidence in students of the university and
in their judgment in properly evaluating any
By WALTER LIPPMANN
ON JULY 2 in East Berlin, Mr.
Khrushchev took a position on
the nuclear test ban which is of
very special interest. For it agrees
with proposals made by President
Eisenhower on April 13, 1959, and
by President Kennedy and Prime
Minister Macmillan on Augusts 27,
The essence of the U.K.-U.S.A.
proposal was stated by President
Eisenhower in a letter to Chair-
man Khrushchev: "Could we not,
,Mr. Chairman, put the agreement
into effect in hases beginning
with the prohibition of nuclear
tests in the atmosphere?" The
U.K.-U.S.A. proposal arose from
the fact that on-site inspection,
which the Soviets object to, in un-
necessary to detect nuclear ex-
plosions insthe atmosphere. The
purpose of inspection is entirely
that of distinguishing under-
ground explosions from natural
As long as four years ago, there-
fore, the Americans and the Brit-
ish began urging the Soviets to
agree to a partial test ban, one
which would forbid explosions
anywhere except underground. For
a long time, the Soviet government
rejected the Anglo-American pro-
posal and insisted that under-
ground testing should also be pro-
hibited by a gentleman's agree-
ment. There the negotiations were
deadlocked until Chairman
Khrushchev spoke a week ago in
THIS SPEECH reflected a ma-
jor decision made in Moscow.
There is reason for thinking that
it had beenu made more than a
month ago-before Mr. Harold
Wilson's visit to Moscow and be-
fore the President's remarkable
speech at American University on
June 10. Speaking that same day
to the newspaper reporters after
he had seen Mr. Khrushchev, Mr.
Wilson dropped the hint that an
agreement banning tests that can.
be detected without inspections
within the Soviet Union was pos-
The reason for doubting that
the Soviets would sign a partial
agreement was that Mr. Khrush-
chev, as anyone who has talked to
him knows, regards underground
testing for small nuclear weapons
the mistake of regarding it as a
Soviet surrender-. It means, pri-
marily, I would say, a conviction
in the Soviet government that for
practical purposes there is, in spite
of American nuclear superiority,
an effective nuclear stalemate.
* * *
AND SO, neither for the Soviet
Union nor for the United States
is there a vital risk in agreement
to what is substantially a suspen-
sion of important testing. For
both the nuclear powers, the risk
of nuclear war is infinitely more
serious than the risk of not being
able to break the stalemate.
In, his speech, Mr. Khrushchev
said that of course an agreement
on the ending of nuclear tests,
notwithstanding the importance
of this major act, cannot stop
the arms race, cannot avert or
even substantially weaken the
danger ofthermonuclear war.
That is why the Soviet govern-
ment believes that already, at the
conclusion of a test-ban agree-
ment, it is necessary to take also
' another big step toward easing in-
ternational tension and strength-
ening confidence between states:
to sign anonagression pact be-
tween the two main military
groups of states-the NATO
countries and the Warsaw Treaty
I read this as a request that:
"At the conclusion of a test-ban
agreement," there should be ser-
ious negotiation about the stabili-
zation of the central European re-
gion where NATO and the Warsaw
Pact allies confront each other.
There is need for more than a
simple nonaggression pact. For the
United States, the other NATO
countries and the Federal Repub-
lic have repeatedly sworn that,
while they do not approve the
partition of Germany, they will
not use force to alter the status
If this is what Mr. Khrushchev
wants, there should be no trouble
in making the declaration again,
and in most solemn form. But he
wants more than that. He wants
to remove what he calls the "hot-
beds of tension" in Berlin and
along the frontier line. That can
only be done by a new East-West
agreement which recognizes and
approves the eventual reunifica-
tion of the two Germanys and in
the meantime guarantees the
Judgment At Moscow