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July 04, 1963 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1963-07-04

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DEMONSTRATIONS
NEEDED FOR RIGHTS
See Editorial Page

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SUNNY
Hligh-80
Low-64
Fair and
slightly warmer

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
XXII, No. 8-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 4, 1963 SEVEN CENTS

FOUR PAGES

.ennedy Lauds
AIVil Rights Bill
Public Accommodations Provision
Remains Key Controversial Issue
WASHINGTON (JP)-Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy strongly de-
d yesterday that the administration's key civil rights bill-assuring
roes access to public accommodations-would shackle business or
ject it to any new application of federal power.
Senators who joined him in testifying for the legislation before
Senate Commerce committee variously:
-Saw it as unleashing the, full beneficial impact of $20 bil-
hion in annual Negro purchasing

FBI PROBE :
Study Death
+B x
Of Negro
TCHULA, Miss. 0P)-The FBI
was investigating yesterday the
fatal shooting of a 20-year-old
Negro boy by a Tchula policeman.
Chief deputy Andrew P. Smith
of Holmes County said Willie Joe
Lovett of Tchula was killed in self
defense Sunday night by Town
Marshall W. 0. Moore.
Smith said Lovett cursed and
threatened to kill Moore and a
' deputized man, J. M. Bruce of
Tchula when they tried to arrest
Lovett.
He said Lovett struck Bruce on
the head and face and assaulted
Moore, who then shot Lovett.
Moore said Lovett was "crazy,
blind drunk," but that he did not
know whether Lovett was armed.
Smith said he had no proof that
Lovett was intoxicated.
Smith said Lovett was "running
amuck" early Sunday night in a
Negro section in Tchula and ap-
parently had several fights with
' Negroes.
Smith said a Negro beaten by
Lovett called Moore, who deputiz-
ed Bruce. Bruce often accompanies
Moore, the town's only police of-
ficer.
The shooting was reported to the
Justice Department, and two FBI
agents were investigating as of
last night.
Restaurants
To Dese regate
In Knoxville
By The Associated Press
About 50 Knoxville restaurants
and cafeterias have agreed to de-
segregate their facilities voluntar-
ily effective today.'
A committee of white civil and
business leaders worked out the
desegregation.
In Newark, N.J., a demonstra-
tion against alleged job discrimi-
nation at a construction site turn-
ed into a brawl yesterday when
some 50 construction workers
crashed a line of Negro pickets.
Police were rushed aside in the
10-minute fist-swinging melee be-
fore police reinforcements were
called in and regained partial con-
trol.
Later, Mayor Hugh J. Addonizio
asked the Board of Education to
halt work on the $6.5 million proj-
ect pending results of an investi-
gation into complaints of job dis-
crimination.
The board, voted 6-0 last night
to iemporarily halt construction.
Meanwhile, at the National Con-
vention of the NAACP in Chicago,
field secretaries of the group
agreed that the desegregation
t drive must continue at its present

power.
-Cautioned that a section ex-
cluding bona fide private clubs
could be turned into a loophole'"to
circumvent the law."
Violence Possible
--Said that "failure to meet the
issue (of equal access) fully
will perpetuate the divisions and
violence that are beginning to
come into play in the country."
The commerce committee is con-
sidering only that part of the ad-
ministration's seven-point civil
rights program that would pro-
hibit racial discrimination by
stores, restaurants, hotels, thea-
tres and other private establish-
ments catering to the general pub-
lic.
Southerners, and some non-
Southerners of both parties, have
charged this is an unconstitutional
assault on private property rights.
Not so, Kennedy fired back veh-
emently yesterday, his third con-
secutive day of testimony.
No New Principle
"There have been a lot of smoke-
screens about a stab at business
.," he said. "We are not coming
in here with any new principle."
The attorney general said oppo-
sition to the legislation should be
based on facts. He stated that
Congress has passed many meas-
ures that affect operations of res-
taurants, drugstores and other
business.
His retort was touched off by an
exchange with Sen. Frank J.
Lausche (D-Ohio). The adminis-
tration bill is based on the federal
government's right to control in-
terstate commerce.
Lausche said in this case it ap-
peared virtually all private busi-
nesses would be covered.'
Ask .limit
On Water
The city's water commission has
asked residents not to sprinkle
their lawns on odd days of the
month between the hours 4-9 p.m.
The request stems from a pres-
sure problem in the southwest
part of the city, where there is
an above normal demand for
water and insufficient piping fa-
cilities, Wayne H. Abbott, super-
intendent .of the water commis-
sion, explained yesterday.
Monday the demand for water
rose above 20 million gallons for
the first time. Peak demands in'
the past have never been above'
19.5 million. The city can meet
these high demands on a short
term basis but is only equipped to
provide 18 million gallons on a
regular basis. The city is currently
working on an additional water
main which should be completed
by the end of the month and will
alleviate the present problem.
At the same time, the water
commission is expanding its un-
derground supply by 3 million gal-
lons. "The expansion is expected
to meet the city's needs for the
next two years,"

NEA Hit
By Rights
Conflict
DETROIT(IP)-Civil rights again
had the massed attention of 6,-
000 delegates attending the 101st
National Education Association
meeting in Detroit yesterday.
Francis Keppel, United States
commissioner of education, charg-
ed that educators were failing to
provide leadership in fighting dis-
criminationtand were "concerned
only with their own professional
welfare." Keppel pointed out that
70 per cent of the white population
has completed high school, while
only 40 per cent of the non-white
population has high school diplo-
mas. Twenty-two per cent of the
non-white population has less
than five years of schooling.
"Surely the problem of racial
discrimination in the schools was
identifiable years ago as a signifi-
cant public policy issue calling
for analysis, discussion and espe-
cially for creative action," Keppel
said. "It is unfortunate that a
problem of such eminent moral
and educational dimensions should
have been left so much to the good
offices of the legal profession and
the courts."
Endorses Program
Keppel spoke to the student NEA
assembly whose members are col-
lege students preparing to teach.
Previously, the convention passed
an endorsement of President John
F. Kennedy's civil rights program
with strong opposition from South-
ern delegates.
"Organizations exist to lead in-
dividual activity. If the great na-
tional organizations are silent or
merely negative, however, indi-
vidual thought and action will be
paralyzed," Keppel said. "If edu-
cators are concerned only with
their own professional welfare,
neither national or professional
interests will be served."
An attempt was made Wednes-
day to end racial segregation with-
in the ranks of the NEA, but the
meeting was adjourned because of
lack, of a quorum. A resolution
calling for formatiol of commit-
tees by those affiliates which have
racial restrictions for membership
so that they could work toward re-
moval of the restrictions was to be
voted on.
Substitute Proposal
The Department of Classroom
Teachers, representing 80 per cent
of the NEA's 80,000 members, pro-
posed a substitute resolution, rec-
ommending that affiliates "take
immediate steps to open member-
ship doors to all teachers, regard-
less of race, color or creed."
Nine southern states have seg-
regated local organizations.
A quorum call revealed there
were not enough delegates present
to vote on the issue after oppon-
ents of the substitute amendment
were defeated in a move to ad-
journ the meeting.
OAS Proposes
Red Control
WASHINGTON (IP)-The Coun-
cil of the Organization of Ameri-
can States urged the American re-
publics yesterday to adopt the
"strictest control" of Communist
activities in the Western hemi-
sphere.
An OAS vote on a report urging
such measures was 14 in favor, 1
opposed and 4 abstaining. Chile,
the lone dissenter, charged that
the OAS "is skidding down the
slopes of illegality."
Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela and

Haiti abstained.

Administration
Rail Strike, Wit

Utz Declares

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COLLEGE TOWN TO UNIVERSITY CITY:

Next Steps
Undefimed

i

University Attracts Research

MVust

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
fifth of a six-part series on plan-
nling Ann Arbor's future.)
By PHILIP SUTIN
Co-Editor

University and city officials
see Ann Arbor as the center of
the third greatest research com-
plex in the United States, riv-
alling both Boston and Califor-
nia.
"Ann Arbor is reaching a
breakthrough in research in-
dustry. It is nearer to that goal
than the University had ever
hoped," University President
Harlan Hatcher declared after
announcing the sale of 30 acres
of North Campus land to Cli-
max Molybdenum Co. of De-
troit for a 200,000 sq. ft. re-
search facility.
The company is the 28th re-
search firm to locate or orig-
inate in Ann Arbor. Private re-
search ranges from everything
from space systems to furni-
ture design.
Federal Funds
ThesUniversity is receiving
an estimated $36 million in
sponsored research funds, near-
ly $31 million of that from the
federal government.
The Defense Department pro-
vides $14 million; the National
Science Foundation, $2 mil-
lion; the National Institutes of
Health, $6 million; the Atomic

Energy Commission, $2 million
and the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration, $4
million. This year is the first
non - D e f e n s e Department
spending tops Defense Depart-
ment spending.
The federal government also
helps construct University re-
search facilities. The recently-
completed Cyclotron Bldg. on
North. Campus was aided by
federal funds. NASA in early
June gave the University $1.75
million for a building to house
its research here.
Federal Facilities
Two major federal research
facilities are also to be locat-
ed in the southeast corner of
North Campus. A $2.5 million
regional Public Health Service
water pollution control labora-
tory will be constructed on a 10-
acre site while a $1.5 million
fisheries research laboratory
will be located on a 3.86-acre
adjacent site.
This concentration of re-
search has lead to the develop-
ment of 28 "spin off" private
research firms in the area.
City planning director Robert
Leary noted the growth in re-
search industry. Three years
ago, he said, Parke-Davis Corp.
and Conductron Corp. research
facilities were not in operation,
nor did 25 smaller companies
exist. Three wings had been

added to the Bendix Corp. re-
search plant in the same per-
iod.
Broad Range
Leary added that these firms
covered a broad range of in-
vestigations, providing a stable
economic base for the city.
"This broadly-based research
includes electronics, biologicals,
metals, medicine, defense and
even furniture design," he
pointed out.
To further develop a research
economy, the city, with the aid
of the Chamber of Commerce,
set up a 130-acre research park,
annexing land south of Inter-
state 94 on State Rd.
One firm, the Federal-Mo-
gul-Bower Co. of Detroit moved
its research facilities to the re-
search park. A second company,
Tecumseh Products Co., is now
building facilities there. Leary
and Chamber of Commerce
executive secretary William
Bott expect a third firm to
join them this year.
Slow Attraction
"The research park is com-
ing along as well as can be ex-
pected," considering "the en-
tire midwest is slow in attract-
ing research and development,"
Bott said.
Prof. George Odiorne of the
business school in a recent man-
power study estimated that the
park would create 15,000 new
See PARK, Page 3

W. WILLARD WIRTZ
... little hope

eman

...4 ....... ......

Stop

FOLLOWS U.S. PRESIDENT:
De Gaulle To Confer in Bonn

BERLIN SPEECH:
Soviet .Boss
A sks Unity
BERLIN (P-Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev appealed last night
for the Communist camp to unite.
He said Communists should
place communism first, their
countries second.
The Soviet leader spoke ' at a
mass rally in the main square of
Frankfurt-on-the-Oder at the
Oder-Neisse border between East
Germany and Poland before a
crowd estimated by East German
officials at 70,000.
Khrushchev's plea was in ap-
parent anticipation of the show-
down meeting with representatives
of Red China in Moscow tomorrow
on questions of who knows best
how to topple capitalism and make'
the world Communist.
Oppose Khrushchev
The Chinese, along with Alban-
ia and now Romania, have oppos-
ed some of the ideas laid down by
Khrushchev on how to carry out
their common ends.
Despite the call to u n i t y,
Khrushchev reiterated his softer
line on the question of war-a po-
sition challenged by the Chinese
Communists.
"The time when war could be
carelessly unleashed is finally
over," he said. "He who begins a
war today cannot plunder any-
more, but would be burned up in
it. We want no war, not because
of fear, but because we know what
war means."
Class Struggle
Khrushchev said Communism
would conquer the world, not
through war, but through the class
struggle. He offered aid to work-
ers in capitalist countries who
want to "rise against their oppres-
sors." But he added: "We will
not mix in the affairs of foreign
countries-that means war."
Khrushchev is scheduled to fly
back to Moscow today.

As Talks End
20,000 Employes
Prepare To Strike
To Protect Positions
WASHINGTON (RP)-- Secretary
of Labor W. Willard Wirtz virtu-
ally conceded yesterday that it will
be up to the administration, with
Congressional backing, to head off
a nationwide railroad strike be-
fore the work rules talk deadline
expires next week.
There was no indication what
steps might be taken to avert a
strike.
Wirtz told a news conference it
is "exceeedingly doubtful" that
collective bargaining can settle
the dispute.
J. E. Wolfe, chairman of the
National Railway Labor Confer-
ence, said the unions have been
notified that new work rules will
be put into effect July 11. The
railroads say these rules will
eliminate unnecessary "feather-
bedding" jobs.
Union Replies
In Buffalo Neil P. Speirs, pres-
iderit of the International Switch-
men's Union, AFL,-CIO, said the
union's 20,000 employes will, strike
if the railroads institute what he
called "unjust and unrealistic
rules changes."
Wirtz noted that one week re-
mains for negotiation, even though
the railroads served notice that
they would inaugurate the con-
troversial new work rules at 12:01
a.m. Thursday of next week. That
is when an extension of a truce
obtained, by President John F.
Kennedy expires.
The President had said on June
15, when the nowdeadlocked talks
began, that unless the dispute was
settled by July 10 he would
"make such recommendations to
the Congress as the circumstances
appear to dictate.'
No Program,
His own department has not
prepared any legislation to deal
with the situation and to the best
of his knowledge neither has the
White House, Wirtz told newsmen.
Wirtz said he will deliver a pre-
liminary report on the situation
to Kennedy today and a full re-
port later. The secretary is sched-
uled to meet with leaders of the
brotherhoods and the railroads
here tomorrow.
The main issue is what the
railroads call featherbedding, but
there are other questions too. The
proposed rule which would elim-
inate firemen from freight and
yard trains would wipe out 40,000
jobs. The five brotherhoods in the
negotiations represent some 200,-
000 on-train employes.
soIn all, the railroads employ
some 700,000 workers.

PARIS (IP) - President Charles
de Gaulle takes off for Bonn to-
day in an effort to swing West
Germany around to his design for
Europe on the basis of the new
Franco - G e r m a n cooperation
treaty.
The chances seem against him,
but this is hardly likely to deter
the stubborn and mystic French
leader.
The occasion for de Gaulle's
two-day visit to Bonn is the offi-
cial inauguration of the Paris-
Bonn pact, which calls for close
and continuing consultation on
foreign, economic and defensej
policies.
The French president's more
immediate aim is to counteract
the impact of President John F.
No Issue
The Daily will not publish
tomorrow due to the Independ-
ence Day holiday.
Publication will resume on
Saturday.
Have a happy Fourth of
July and drive carefully.

Kennedy's triumphal visit to West
Germany last week.
No Contest
To this end de Gaulle, 72, is
concentrating on the German
leadership and avoiding any
popularity contest with the en-
ergetic, 46-year-old Kennedy. His
program does not provide for any
public speeches and, unlike Ken-
nedy, he will not go to West
Berlin.
West German Chancellor Kon-
rad Adenauer joined Kennedy in
issuing a communique which ap-
peared to adopt American views
on European unification, trade
policies and allied defense under
the North Atlantic Treaty Organ-
ization. De Gaulle wants to use
the Franco-German treaty as a
lever to pry the West Germans
over to the French viewpoint.
On the eve of his departure de
Gaulle scheduled one of his rare
news conferences for sometime
late this month..
Ban the British
At his last such conference,
Jan. 14, de Gaulle turned thumbs
down on British membership in
the European Common Market
and curtly rejected the American

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HERE COMES A HOLIDAY:
July 4 Blls, Battles, and Barry
By THOMAS DeVRIES
Faced with the marching of feet, the ringing of bells, 650 highway
a deaths and the largest rally yet for piesidential possibility Barry
Goldwater, the nation gritted its teeth and priepared for the 187th an-
niversary of Independence Day.
Yesterday 30,000 people celebrated the end of a battle-but not
the war Independence Day began. In Gettysburg, Pa., rival armies of
'k500 men each fought a re-enactment of Pickett's charge that ended
in an affirmation of national unity instead of a carnage.
Ann Arbor's official observance will include the performance of
/ trampoline artists in Buhr Park as well as the traditional fireworks
at 9 p.m.
Ring in the Bells
At 1 p.m. across the nation bells will be rung for four minutes

CHARLES DE GAULLE
...off to Germany
proposal f o r a multinational
NATO nuclear force.
De Gaulle will confer with Ade-
nauer in the first of the semi-
annual Franco-German summit
meetings called for by the treaty.
He will be accompanied by Pre-
mier Georges Pompidou, Foreign
Minister Maurice Couve de Mur-
yille, Finance Minister Valery
Giscard d'Estaing, Defense Min-
ister Pierre Messmer, Education
Minister Christian Fouchet and
other officials.
This probably will be the last
official meeting between de Gaul-
le and Adenauer. The 87-year-old
West German leader plans to
retire this fall, turning the reins
of government over to Vice Chan-
cellor Ludwig Erhard and Foreign
Minister Gerhard Schroeder.
The treaty provides for frequent
meetings between officials of the
two governments aiming at sim-
ilar or parallel action within
NATO, the Common Market and
other organizations.
U.S. Refuses
Soviet Offer

World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
GEORGETOWN, British Guiana-Explosions of dynamite rocked
a movie theatre and an office building Tuesday after racial clashes
left 60 persons hospitalized.
* * * *
LONDON-More British troops are being flown to British Guiana
immediately because of deteroriation in the situation there, the de-
fense ministry said last night. A 145-man unit will bolster British
troops already in the troubled South American colony.
* * * *
JACKSON, Miss.-Byron De La Beckwith's arraignment on a
charge of murdering a Negro civil rights leader was postponed yes-
terday until Monday because defenselawyers were not present in court.
BRUSSELS-King Baudouin yesterday refused to accept the
coalition government's resignation and instead told Premier Theo
Lefevre to solve the language problem that precipitated the crisis.
Lefevre, a Flemish Social Christian heading a coalition of Socialists
and his own party, immediately began consultations with Social Chris-
tian members of Parliament and meetings with leading Social Christian
and Socialist members of the government.
MOSCOW-Soviet authorities held up a nine-man Red Chinese

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