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July 03, 1963 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1963-07-03

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egro Rights Groups
0 Spur on Legislation

By THOMAS COPI
"The Lord of the Flies" is essentially a fable rather than a
novel, David Sumner, Grad, told the second of four Office of
Religious Affairs seminar sessions yesterday.
"In a series of remarks," Sumner explained that the novel is
a fable because of the many contrived situations and the many
symbolisms that can be read into the story. He emphasized that

Fries Cites
Reading Skill
By STANLEY SOFFIN
Learning to read is a process of
transferring already learned audi-
tory signs to visual signs, Prof.
Emeritus Charles C. Fries said
yesterday.
In his speech at the Rackham
Amphitheatre, "Linguistics and
Reading,'' he explained that the
visual signs must pass through
different physiological media than
auditory signs on their way to
the brain. During visual transfer-
ence, the symbols are received as
light waves in the eye while the
auditory symbols are passed to
the brain via ear contact, he
added.
Linguistic Approach
Prof. Emeritus Fries, one of the
country's foremost authorities in
the linguistics field, stated that
the linguistic approach to reading
is not word orientated. It is not
concerned' with the number of
words a child just learning to read
can use correctly, he said. Those
in the field of linguistics must
learn how to "engineer the find-
ings of their -science" in order to
aid educators in teaching children
to read, he suggested.
The linguistic science deals pri-
marily with phonemes, or distinc-
tive units of sound which differ-
entiate words and phrases. Rela-
tive to reading, he said that the
child must learn to co-ordinate
the letters of words with the
sounds they produce. By applying
the findings of linguistics to this
process, educators will have valu-
able aids in their search for better
reading instruction, Prof. Emeritus
Fries pointed out,
Transfer Sound Patterns
He said that learning to read,
therefore, means a transfer of
s o u n d patterns to substitute
graphic patterns.
He emphasized that "it is not
the fault: of educators that
Johnny can't read." No one can
blame this failure on faulty in-
struction.
Because of the great mass of
material nn the nature of the
reading problem, educators are
becoming distracted, he said.
"They can't find cummulative
fundamental studies in the teach-
ing of reading and often come
away from their research with
only fragments." Prof. Emeritus
Fries suggested that research be
conducted with more control to
solve this problem.

William Golding, the book's au-
thor, stressed that evil is inherent
in mankind. Everything in the
novel is oriented towards that
idea and once the point was made,
the remainder of the book seems
rather anti-climactic, he said.
Sumner also indicated that
Golding shows the deterioration
of order among the stranded
children and replaces it with in-
creasing savagery.
The Lord of the Flies deals with
a group of children isolated on a
deserted oceanic isle. The.children
ranging from three-and four-year
olds to young teenagers first at-
tempt an ordered life, lead by the
older children. However, this de-
teriorates as the children hunt
and scavage for food. Eventually,
order is lost and a mob of chil-
dren murder their original leaders
before a ship rescues the survivors.
Sumner noted that Golding likes
to place his characters in such
radical situations. He pointed to
"Free Fall" and the "Inheriters,"
two other Golding novels, as ex-
amples of this penchant.
The radical situation, he added
gives the book its fable rather than
novel aspect.
Answering discussion criticism
that too much can be read into the
story, Sumner said that Golding is
usually suggestive rather than
overt.
U.S. Rebutes
Cuba Travelers
WASHINGTON (A) -The state
department says ' United States
students who profess to have
found great freedom in Cuba will
get a different notion if they talk
to Cuban students who want to
flee the Castro regime.
Press officer Robert J. McClos-
key made this comment about re-
marks which American students
now in Cuba have been making
over Havana Radio.

Leaders Plan
Mass Action
On August28
Some Not Enthused
Over Proposed Acts,
See No 'Disobedience'
NEW YORK ()-Negro leaders
said yesterday a civil rights march
on Washington will "definitely"
take place Aug. 28.
They said it will be "the strong-
est action, numerically speaking,
that we have ever held."
The decision was reached at a
secret conclave of executives of
the nation's six largest Negro or-
ganizations. None would venture
an estimate as to the number of
participants in the march, which
is scheduled to coincide with con-
gressional debate on President
John F. Kennedy's civil rights bill.
Estimate Over 100,000
Past estimates by Negro leaders
have ranged from 100,000 to 300,-
000 persons.
The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther
King, president of the Southern
Christian Leadership Conference,
said "We'll have machinery that
will control the demonstration. No
acts that could be considered civil
disobedience will occur."
Meanwhile, Arthur Spingarn,
president of the National Associa-
tion for the Advancement of Col-
ored People, arrived from a seven-
week stay in England and express-
ed serious doubts as to the "wis-
dom" of the proposed march.
Not Enthusiastic
Spingarn, who has headed the
NAACP' for 24 years, said he
thought the NAACP was "not very
enthusiastic" about the proposed
march, although its relations with
the other sponsoring organizations
were "friendly."
"There may be violence but it
doesn't worry me. You cannot
make an omelet without breaking
eggs."
However, he added "I'm per-
fectly convinced that there will be
no disorders unless the white
people want them. Violence is due
to breaches in the law on the
part of the whites, because in
every instance where Negro dem-
onstrators have been arrested the
Supreme Court has held they were
illegally arrested."
Organizational Representatives
Representing the organizations
which decided to march on Wash-
ington were, in addition to Dr.
King: Roy Wilkins, NAACP na-
tional secretary; James Farmer,
national director of the Congress
of Racial Equality; Whitney
Young, national director of the
Urban League; A Philip Randolph,
president of the Negro American
Labor Council and the Brother-
hood of Sleeping Car Porters and
John Lewis, Chairman of the Stu-
dent Non-Violence Coordinating
Committee.
Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy
told Congress "there is a serious
question" whether Negroes or oth-
er Americans have constitutional
right to be served in a private es-
tablishment which has no con-
nection with the federal, state or
local government.
The courts have never held
there is such a right; he said, but
promptly added:
"Congress clearly has the au-
thority under the Constitution to
confer such a right."
Kennedy, appearing for the sec-
ond day before the Senate Com-
merce Committee, said the legis-
lation it is considering would do
just that: confer the right to such
service.
The committee is considering
the key plank of the Administra-
tion's civil rights program.

COLLEGE TOWN TO UNIVERSITY CITY:
U, Ann Arbor Plannin
(EDIT(
planning
1$ . #
N By
ity -U
Ar. " xr¢, ° ' . t « not one a
but of pr
operation
cioffic
" tf ° ' ;A note
marks ci
an ~especially
el. Johnt
"32vL+:. n and finar
~:. *1 4_{ -- -: are som
.:::.f 4a finds tha
lations ar
The U
is planni
, .., Of ten the
often the
> t: De
TheUr
a detaile
.. unlike th
trict "G
the Medi
.:study of
just been
Regental
before be
is the r
CAMPUS PLANNING--The reversing of the Medical Center en- Medical C
trance from the Hill to North Campus and the Huron River is on River
one of the major University planning decisions. Others will soon Eventuall
be announced in the Central Campus Plan. into med

OR's NOTE: This is the
of a six-part series on
'Ann Arbor's future.)
PHILIP SUTIN
Co-Editor
niversity relations is
of acrimonious conflict,
oblem solving and co-
, both city and Univer-
lals agree.
e of dynamic tension
ty-University relations,
on the planning lev-
G. McKevitt, assistant
e-president of business
nce, admits that there
etimes tensions, but
at city-University re-
re fruitful.
niversity, like the city,
ng for future growth.
e plans intermesh; less
re is friction.
etailed Planning
niversity has prepared
d planning report, not
e Central Business Dis-
uide to Action," for
cal Center. A similar
Central Campus has
completed and awaits
review this summer
coming public.
or feature of this plan
re-orientation of the
Center toward the Hur-
and North Campos.
y, the center, grouped
ical science buildings

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and patient care facilities, will
have its major entry along the
river, rather than along Observ-
atory and Ann Streets.
The future major entrance
would be off Fuller Rd. and
along the Huron River Dr. Glen
St. also would be developed as
a major entrance route. Fur-
ther, the study stresses the
need for perimeter routes on
the south and west.
Recognizes Plan
The CBD recognizes this
University plan and the city
is taking action to realize it.
Fuller Rd. and Glen St. are
designated a major access route
to the CBD and the city will
conduct an engineering study
this year prior to widening and
modernizing the two, presently
narrow, streets.
The construction of the Hur-
on River Parkway which will
cut across North Campus and
provide access to the proposed
new Medical Center entrance is
another joint planning concern.
The city purchase of four
Huron River ponds from De-
troit Edison Co. is of Univer-
sity concern as Geddes Pond
lies between the, Medical and
North Campuses.
Campus Plan
The Central Campus plan
will also be of concern to the
city for that portion of the Uni-.
versity lies besides and between
CBD elements.

See PLANNING, Page 3

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Y

131kP

~~E~aitj

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIII, No. 7-S ANN ARBOR, MICIIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 3, 1963 SEVEN CENTS FOUR PAGES

g Relations Yield Progress

SRC:

Vacation Spending Increases

The University's S u r v e y Re-
search Center revealed that 27
per cent of Americans spent $100
more on travel and vacations than
during the previous year.
The Center's "1962 Survey of
Russia Swaps
Red Bloc Pact
For Test Ban
BERLIN W)-Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev told a cheering East
German audience yesterday thatj
in exchange for a non-agression
pact with the West he would be
willing to go along with the
United States and Britain on end-
ing nuclear tests in space, in the
atmiasphere and under water.
Khrushchev led into his offer
by calling President John F. Ken-
nedy's speeches in Berlin and
West Germany last week "a dang-
erous development."
Khrushchev spoke in advance
of talks on a nuclear test ban
scheduled to start in Moscow with
United States and British nego-
tiators July 15.
He deliberately left underground
tests out of his proposal, and ap-
peared to write off an agreement
on this as impossible.
Khrushchev appeared to be
making a new package offer to
the West, but the Soviet leader
himself said he had made the
partial "an proposal before. A
suggestion of this was given by
British Labor Party leader Harold
Wilson on his recent trip to Mos-
cow.
After Kremlin talks with Khru-
shchev, Wilson said he felt the
best hope was for a limited test
ban which would exclude under-
ground nuclear tests.

However, McKevitt feels that
the two areas do not impinge
upon each other. "The Univer-
sity and the city fit together,
but there is not a rigid,
straightly - identifiable edge.
There is a transitional area
with housing as its major ele-
ment," he explained.
Close Coordination
Close coordination is main-
tained between McKevitt's of-
fice and the planning commis-
sion. McKevitt said that he pre-
fers to deal with the planning
commission as it is a recognized
city agency and it has a well-
developed set of criteria that
guide its decisions.
McKevitt stressed the import-
ance of planning standards es-
pecially as they are developed
over many years and provide
for stable city-University rela-
tions. He pointed to the new
zoning ordinance, passed this
year, which took four to five
years to codify.
City planning director Robert
Leary also noted the "good rap-
port" with University officials.
He explained that planning ef-
forts are integrated at both the
staff-technical level where pro-
posals are reviewed and at the
policy-making level where a
University official usually sits
on the planning commission.
He also pointed out an in-
formal link between city and

U
I

Consumer' Spending" r e p o r t e d
that vacation and travel spending
is closely related to both income
and education. Americans in the
higher income groups spend more
on vacation trips than those in
the middle and lower income
groups.
College Graduates,
One half of American college
graduates spent $100 more on va-
cation travel, compared to one
out of eight grammar school
graduates,
According to the survey one out
of ten Americans took vacations
of 100 miles or more away. from
home. These longer trips account
for approximately two-thirds of.
vacation travel spending.
A mere 14 per cent of Americans
in the $2000 to $3,999 income
rang; spent $100 on vacation
trips, while one half of those in
the $7500 to $9,999 range and 75
per cent of those in the $15,000
range spent this sum.
Children Barrier
"Children do seem to be a bar-
rier to travel," the report con-
tinued. It found that 44 per cent
of those married couples without
children spend $100 or more on
vacations, while 27 per cent of the
general population spends that
sum.
The survey found that those liv-
ing in the central cities of the 12

largest metropolitan areas are less
likely to spend large sums on
major trips than the general: pop-
ulation, while those living in the
suburbs of those cities tend to
take more long vacation trips.
This the Center attributes to.
higher relative prosperity in the
suburbs and increased auto-own-
ership there than in the central
cities.
The report noted that the aver-
age cost of trips over 2000 miles
was almost double that amount
spent on travel ranging between
1000 to 1,999 miles, The Center
attributed such higher expenses
to increased cost of transportation
and extended living expenses.
Percy Announces
Ilinois Candidacy
CHICAGO (A') - Charles H.
Percy, Chicago business executive
and nationally known Republican,
announced Tuesday he will be a
candidate for the GOP nomina-
tion for Illinois governor next
year.
Percy said he decided to enter
the April 14 primary after con-
cluding the state's problems are
not being met with determination
and the intelligent direction need-
ed to solve them.

Johnson Presents Petitions
Favoring Fair Housing Vote
Third Ward Republican Councilman. Paul H. Johnson presented
the Ann, Arbor City Council Monday 500 more signatures favoring
an advisory vote on any fair housing ordinance "to give the council
potential" to move in that direction or to council vote.
Johnson said that petitions were presented without taking a
stand on the anti-housing discrimination ordinance. This Is the
second time he has given these petitions to council. The number
of signatures now total 2000-+

World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK-The federal government renewed its charges of
price-fixing in steel products yesterday, with an indictment against
eight firms in the $75 million a year steel castings industry. Nine
executives of the companies were named in the indictment, including

1500 from Johnson and 500 from
the group collecting them.
'Independent People'
The third ward councilman said
he was giving them to council
at the request of "independent
people" from all parts of the city.
He said that eight to 10 people had
contacted him with the petitions
and had asked him to present
them to council.
He said that these people had
"scrupulously avoided" taking a
stand on the proposed ordinance.
"They are very cautious not to
say anything for or against the or-
dinance," he explained.
Johnson denied that the ad-
visory vote was a devise for defeat-
ing the proposed ordinance.
"Basically, the citizen has a right
to request a secret vote on such
an important community issue.".
The group contains, "very sincere,
dedicated church-going people,"
he noted.
These citizens, Johnson told
council, are asking as citizens in
a democracy, that they be given
the opportunity to express their
opinion in the quiet of the voting
booth. This citizen action is the
concept of true democracy in ac-
tion."
Johnson indicated' that he did
not expect the council to decide
his request soon. "The council is
treading cautiously," he explained,
pointing to pending Ohio court
tests of fair housing ordinances, a
recent Berkeley, Cal. voter rejec-
tion of such an ordinance after
its city council had adopted one
and the number of ordinances be-
fore council.
He noted that the council had
before it an ordinance proposed by
the Human Relations Commission
and passed on first reading, a
more sweeping document suggested
by the council's fair housing com-
mittee and several from non-
governmental groups.
"The council wants to scrutinize
these ordinances by all possible
evaluations," Johnson said. He
said to give each proper study will
take time as each has to be con-
sidered word-by-word.
Claim. Plans
For Meeting
WASHINGTON (,4)-A group of
West Coast businessmen claimed
yesterday that the United States
is planning to meet with Red

two who were fined last year for
Justice Department charged that

ROBERT McNAMARA
... better personnel

Workmen Add Angell Hall Pathways.

In the midst of the sweltering
heat of the past few days work-
men have been busily tearing up
the sidewalk in front of Angell
Hall.
According to a Plant Depart-
ment official some areas of the
sidewalk are being replaced be-
cause their condition is hazardous
to passersby.
In addition to the replacement
of the old sidewalks with the new,
concrete is being put down in
places where students and faculty'
have worn a path through the
lawn. "We are conforming the
naoth to student and fautyo nnin-

price fixing of steel forgings. The
the eight firms launched a con-
"spiracy in 1956 to fix prices of'
steel castings and that the scheme
continued until at least 1961.
KUCHING, Sarawak - The
right-wing party Negara Sarawak
and the Communist-leaning Sara-
wak United People's Party have
formed a coalition, ostensibly to
oppose the projected federation of
Malaya.
* * *
BRUSSELS-The language dis-
pute that has split Belgium - one
of the strongest supporters of Eu-
ropean integration-brought the
government's resignation yester-
day. Premier Theo Lefevre called
on King Baudouin and asked him
to accept the resignation of his
government, a careful balance of
Flemish and Walloon socialists
and Flemish and Walloon social

Pentagon Asks
For ROT%
Scholarships
In an effort to draw better per-
sonnel into the Army and Air
Force Reserve officer training pro-
grams the Pentagon will soon put
forth a plan calling for about
2000, $2000 scholarships for en-
rollment in the programs.
In addition the plan includes
the cutting of the present four
year program to a two year one.
Under the Pentagon proposal only
those who want to become reserve
officers would be accepted for the
two year course in the junior and
senior years. Scholarships will be
granted on a competitive basis.
Even if Congress acts on the
proposed legislation during this
session it is unlikely that it could
be put into effect until Septem-
ber, 1954.
The proposal, approved by Sec-
retary of Defense Robert S. Mc-
Namara, is at the Budget Bureau
for final consideration before be-
ing sent to Capitol Hill.
The cost of 2000 scholarships,
according to Pentagon sources,
will be about $2.6 million. The
grants would represent only about
one-third of the cost of the entire
ROTC program. The remaining
costs go in to summer programs
and maintaining the regular ofefi-
cer cadre assigned to administer

... .....

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