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July 02, 1963 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1963-07-02

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G-

tr Eial
Seventy-Two Years. of Editorial Freedom

2ati4

HOTHUMID
Hlgh--95
Low--76
Continued fair today
possible showers tonight

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 2, 1963

SEVEN CENTS

FOUR PAGES

ennedy Urges Action
ni A dministration Bill
o End Business Bias

Study Recommends
More Joint Efforts

MEN'S, WOMEN'S DEANS:
EMU, MSU Unify Offices

WASHINGTON - Greater co-
ordination of federal efforts in
education was recommended in
Congressional staff study, con-
ducted under the direction of Rep.
Edith Green (D-Ore).
The study, the Washington Post
reported, recommended three steps

T'

i

Seeks End

-Associated Press
RIGHTS MARCH-Gov. George Romney leads an anti-discrimi-
nation demonstration in Grosse Pointe last Saturday. The NAACP-
sponsored march is part of a drive against alleged housing dis-
crimination in Detroit suburbs.
Wilkins Foresee Summ--ner
of Racial Discontent, Strife
CHICAGO (P)-Roy Wilkins, executive secretary of the National
Association for the Advancement of Colored People, yesterday fore-
cast a summer of Negro discontent and public demonstration.
Wilkins, at the opening of the 54th annual NAACP convention,
declined to predict what course the Negro battle for civil rights might
take. Wilkins said the shape and tempo of public protests would pro-
- ceed according to local conditions

Of 'Insults'
To Negroes
Measure To Cover
Businesses Serving
Interstate Commerce
WASHINGTON ()-The Ken-
nedy Administration zeroed in on
a key section of its civil rights
program today with an urgent call
for passage of a bill outlawing
racial discrimination in virtually
all business places.
Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy
cited recent racial demonstrations
in various Southern cities as "vivid
evidence" that enactment of a
public accommodations law is im-
perative to "remove a daily insult
to Negroes."
"White people of whatever kind
-even prostitutes, narcotics push-
ers, Communists or bank robbers,"
he said, "are welcome at establish-
ments which will not admit certain
of our federal judges, ambassadors
and countless members of our
Armed Forces."
Kennedy said that the measure
as drafted, would cover all business
places that substantially affect
interstate commerce.
The attorney general said the
bill, which has brought the threat
of a filibuster from Southern
members, is not intended to apply
to the smallest establishments
where customers have a sort of
"social relationship." He mention-
ed a rooming house with two or
three boarders as an example.
Kennedy also said he does not
think the bill would apply to bowl-
ing alleys or pool halls, or to laun-
dries and dry cleaning establish-
ments except in unusual cases.
He said that it would not apply
to physicians, lawyers or others
providing professional service.
As to whether a barbershop
would be covered, Kennedy said he
thinks this will depend on whether
the shop serves interstate travel-
ers to a substantial degree. He ex-
pressed belief that barbershops
and beauty shops in hotels and in
bus and train terminals would be
subject to the act.
File Affidavit
On Sociali1sts
For Subversion
BLOOMINGTON, Ind. (M - A
reworded affidavit charging sub-
versive activities was filed against
three Indiana University Social-
ists yesterday, and Prosecutor
Thomas Hoadley said he would re-
submit the case to a grand jury.
An indictment returned May 1
was dismissed by Circuit Judge
Nat U. Hill, who said wording was
unclear.
Charged are Ralph Levitt, 26,
and James E. Bingham, 25, both
of Indianapolis, and Thomas Mor-
gan, 22, Terre Haute.
Hoadley's new affidavit changed
the disputed word "or" to "and"
in a section of the original in-
dictment which charged the trio
with assembling "for the purpose
of advocating or teaching the doc-
trine that the government of the
United States or the State of
Indiana should be overthrown by
force. .."

Conference
Refutes Bill
The Ann Arbor - Washtenaw
Conference on Religion and Race
7 today issued a 10-point answer to
the "property owners' bill of
i rights" of the Ann Arbor Board
of Realtors.
The conference is an interfaith,
interracial fellowship acting for
a united approach to the prob-
lems of racial injustice. Its steer-
ing committee prepared the state-
ment to be presented to City
r Council last night and the Human
Relations Commission later. The
10-point statement was meant to
refute each of the 10 points of
the Real Estate Board.
The conference noted that the
"right to enjoy his own property
according to his own dictates" has
never existed, and property rights
have always been limited by the
rights of the community and of
the individual. Further, it stated,
legislation assuming the equal
right of all to acquire and enjoy'
property does not give any special
privilege.
'Congeniality'
"Congeniality does not take
precedence over human dignity,"
the conference said, in reference
to the Board of Realtors' -Aate-
ment of "the right to maintain
what are congenial surroundings
by tenants."
The Board of Realtors issued
th, statement on June 20 com-
menting that a fair housing ordi-
nance would "tend to defeat the
rights of property owners and
confound a situation that is truly
a moral problem."
The conference statement em-
phasized that "for the Jew and
Christian, supposed, or e v e n
actual, economic loss or gain must
not be the criterion for morality."
Also included in the conference
statement was the tenet that
"property is conceived of as a
f trust from God, not the undisput-
ed possession of an individual.
Therefore Jews and Christians
have the rensnonsibility not to

"and the reaction of public offi-
cials.
No Violence
"We don't want violence. I won't
discuss violence . . . if it comes we
will all have to deal with it."
Wilkins defended sit-ins and
street demonstrations as a "highly
useful partner" to the NAACP's
long legal battle for equality. He
said he believes a planned Negro
march on Washington will not
jeopardize President John F. Ken-
nedy's civil rights proposals.
The NAACP's series of marches
against housing discrimination in
Detroit suburbs continued last Sat-
urday with a Grosse Poirtt march.
Gov. George Romney unexpect-
edly participated, leading the dem-
onstration and giving a short civil
rights talk.
In Washington, the AFL-CIO
United Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners directed its local un-
ions to eliminate racial segrega-
tion and discrimination in their
membership.
A federal appeals court in Rich-
mond barred Powhatan County,
Va., school officials from closing
schools to avoid racial integration.
But the Fourth United States
Court of Appeals exempted the
county-hoard of supervisors - the
agency appropriating school mon-
ey. The court seemed to hint the
supervisors might be brought in if
funds were withheld and the
schools shut.
Close Schools
It was the board of supervisors
that closed public schools in Prince
Edward County in 1959 by with-
holding funds.
The Powhatan decision was one
of three cases ruled on by federal
courts yesterday' which struck at
the state's segregation laws.
In Alexandria, a special three-
judge court said Virginia's segre-
gated seating laws are unconsti-
tutional.
And the Fourth Circuit Court,.
ruling in Richmond, knocked down
grade-a-year desegregation and
the racial minority transfer pro-
vision in a Lynchburg school de-
segregation plan.
Kentucky Unit

SOUVANNA PHOUMA
-.-,-treaty collapse
LAOS:
Talks Hit
Dead lock
LONDON (,)-Britain and the
Soviet Union reached a deadlock
yesterday in their efforts to bol-
ster the shaky peace in Laos.
A foreign office statement said
the Russians tried to hold the
United States and rightist forces
in Laos responsible for the trou-
ble in the southeast Asian coun-
try.
Britain blamed the pro-Commu-
nist Pathet Lao, who have sup-
port from Red China and Commu-
nist North Viet Nam, for upset-
ting the peace established in Laos
by the Geneva Conference last
year.
Co-Chairmen
Britain and the Soviet Union
are co-chairmen of the 14-nation
conference which shaped Laos'
neutrality and its rightist-leftist-
neutralist coalition government
headed by neutralist Premier
Souvanna Phouma.
Neutralist forces in the Laotian
Plaine des Jarres fell under at-
tack last April by. the Pathet Lao
under the leadership of Deputy
Premier Prince Souphanouvong.
The rightist forces of Deputy Pre-
mier Gen. Phoumi Nosavan were
not involved directly in the fight-
ing.
Before a cease-fire was declared,
the Pathet Lao seized all but a
small portion of the crucial Plaine
des Jarres. Sporadic fighting has
erupted since.
Continuing Efforts
State Department press officer
Robert McCloskey said that Brit-
ain, as co-chairman with the So-
viet Union of the 14-nation Geneva
Conference on Laos, had released
British correspondence with the
Soviets "to demonstrate their con-
tinuing efforts to resolve the Laos
situation.
McCloskey said the State De-
partment has not seen the official
text of the correspondence releas-
ed by the British "but we are un-
aware of any suggestion that the
Geneva conference be reconvened.
"In our view such a move would
be unnecessary," he said, "since
the machinery for implementation
for the Geneva accords already
exists."
The machinery includes joint
actions by Britain and the Soviet
Union as co-chairmen of the con-
ference, to see that peace is main-
tained in Laos.

to end the current confusion and
duplication:
1) Creating an interagency
council in the executive branch to,
co-ordinate federal programs;
2) Establishing a joint Senate-
House committee to keep Congress
informed of federal action; and
3)_ Combining the Office of
Education a n d t h e National
Science Foundation, two agencies
primarily concerned with educa-
tion.
Supporting Agencies
Illustrating her contention that
federal education agencies overlap,
Mrs. Green listed 11 agencies that
support medical sciences research.
She asserted that government-
supported research was outstrip-
pingthe government's ability to
record the knowledge gained to
such an extent that there "may be
duplication and waste."
This duplication of effort, she
claimed, had turned negotiations
between governmental agencies
and universities into "shopping
expeditions. There is no uniform-
ity, even within a single agency,
in regard to administrative details,
reporting on technical accomplish-
ments and the financial status of
projects," Mrs. Green declared.
Payments
She also charged that there was
no uniform policy on payments to
universities for the education of
students.
Student aid programs sponsored
by such agencies as the Atomic
Energy Commission and the Na-
tional Institutes of Health "close-
ly approximated the .actual cost"
of education, including adminis-
trative overhead, she said.
But others, such as the depart-
ment of defense and the vocational
rehabilitation office "make no al-
lowance aside from tuition and
fees" and may require subsidy by
the institutions themselves.
Only Action
Mrs. Green's report is only re-
cent Congressional action in fed-
eral aid to education field. The
last concrete action was House
passage in late May of a federal
aid to medical and dental school
bills.
Previously, House committees
split up President. John F. Ken-
nedy's omnibus education bill that
would aid schools from kindergar-
ten to graduate. The Hou'se Demo-
cratic leadership hoped to pass
some of the less controversial
items that way.
However, Congressional leaders
see the education bill stalled in
the backlog of legislation caused
by the impending civil rights Con-
gressional fight. With the medical
school aid bill only through the.
House and all other bills in com-
mittee, there seems little chance
for action before civil rights clogs
the legislative machinery.

(Editor's Note: This- is the
third of a six-part series on
planning Ann Arbor's future.)
By PHILIP SUTIN
Co-Editor
Ann Arbor is proud of its
scenic beauty and is planning to
preserve and extend it.
"The very name of the city is
suggestive of beauty. Partly
through the well-planned devel-
opment which the city has ex-
perienced and partly through
the natural tendency to pre-
serve the beauty of the area, the
name retains much of its ap-
propriateness today," the 1962
Parks and Open Space Plan
declares.
The plan, adopted last year
by City Council seeks to pro-
mote the best use for the city's
parks and open space for the
next 20 years and coordinate
the city's efforts with the
school board, the county, the
Huron - Clinton Metropolitan
Authority and the state high-
way department.
Park Planning
It also seeks to keep parks
and open space as an integral
part of other city planning.
The report mentions three
considerations beyond aesthet-
ics for its program:
1) Protective. Green areas
protect the city against smoke
and winds and prevent erosion,
pollution and flooding;
2) Organizational. Open space
and parks serve as civic focal
points and give coherence to
the city. The inclusion of open
land also keeps land available
for future needs; and
3) Recreational. Parks serve
both as restful, scenic spots
and as playfields for sports and
games.
City Holdings
Inventorying current city
holdings, the plan finds that
the city owns 2,214.5 acres of
parks and open space. This land

The changes in the office of
student affairs at Eastern Mich-
igan and Michigan State Univer-
sity became effective yesterday.
Both schools have undergone
extensive re-organization in their
offices of student affairs culmin-
ating in decisions to consolidate
the position of men and women's
dean into one office.

COLLEGE TOWN TO UNIVERSITY CITY:
Parks, Space Plan
To Preserve Greenery

These changes follow in the
wake of similar changes under-
gone- at the University last sum-
mer. At that time the dean of men
and women's office was dropped
and a director of housing was
created to take care of the hous-
ing problems of both sexes.
William C. Lawrence, vice pres-
ident for student affairs at EMU,

includes three play areas, to-
talling 2.8 acres: 32 play-
grounds, 166.3racres; seven
neighborhood parks, 51.5 acres;
one major playfield, 40 acres;
five major parks, 128.9 acres;
three special use facilities, 712
acres and open space, 1,113
acres (638 under water).
The plan proposes that the
city purchase 105 acres for new
major parks and develop anoth-
er 123 acres currently in its
possession.
Gallup and Buhr parks should
be developed further while land
near Barton Pond should also
be transformed into a park.
Purchase Lake
The report recommends that
the city purchase land near
Twin Sisters Lake, the Leslie
property near Traver Rd. and
school board land near Ann Ar-
bor High School for park de-
velopment.
The city has since bought
the Leslie property for use as a
park and municipal golf course.
Currently, the report finds,
the city's single major playfield;
Veterans' P a r k, adequately
serves the city, but by 1980 a
second field will be needed for
Ann Arbor's organized recrea-
tional activities.
It should be built at the next
junior or senior, high school. A
third one, needed after 1980,
should also be located on sim-
ilar facilities.
The plan notes that Ann Ar-
bor has an adequate number of
playgrounds, but that they are
spaced to fully meet city needs.
Playgrounds should be develop-
ed In the Pilgrim Lansdowne,
Huron Highlands and North
Campus Heights subdivisions.
An additional 26 acres should
be acquired for playgrounds.
Play Areas
The city has three play areas
for pre-school children, but.the
report does not recommend any
See CITY, Page 3

said discussions of changes in
EMU's student affairs office had
taken place as early as 1960 at
which time that division compiled
information and discussed the
possibility of setting up the posi-
tion of dean of students to replace
the separate offices at that time
taking care of men's and women's
housing.
The plans did not go beyond the
discussion stage until last summer
when after the University had
adopted its new plan, the state
Board of Education sent an in-
quiry to Eastern, Central, West-
ern and North Michigan asking
them to study the possibility of
similar alterations in their student
affairs departments.
Sincethe plan was not unfa-
Miliar at EMU Lawrence said a
concensus was reached readily
and EMU recommended that thea
Board adopt such a plan.
Won't Affect Personnel
Lawrence said the consolidation
of the two offices would not affect
the staff personnel. "It possesses
the advantage of having a single
administrator responsible for the
total functions with all other per-
sonnel within the program work-
ing directly with the students,"
he said.
At MSU Dean of Students John
A. Fuzak said the re-organization
at that school had come about not
because of any particular inade-
quacy in the office but was rather
an attempt to accommodate to
the changing university scene.
Asked whether MSU had pattern-
ed its changes after those of the
University Fuzak said he' did not
believe so.
"Our past offices of dean of
men and dean of women wer
quite different from those at th
University because there was no
question of the offices being en-
tities in themselves," he 'said. He
said the vice-president for st-
dent affairs had very clearly
possessed the final authority on
any decisions either office made,
Ask Change
in..,:Congress
Leading spokesmen for a reorga-
nization study of Congress told a
Senate Rules subcommittee it
should act before Congress suffers
"total eclipse," the Washington
Post reported last week.
There is some doubt that the
Rules subcommittee will even hold
further hearings on the reorgani-
zation proposals, even though it
has been urged to act by many
senators, the Post said.
Sen. Clifford P. Case (R-NJ)
said that there is a growing feel-
ing that Congress is so enmeshed
in procedures that "executive and
judicial branches of the govern-
ment have had to take over pri-
mary responsibility for conduct of
the nation's business."
Sen. Joseph S. Clark (D-Pa),
co-sponsor with Case of the two
top proposals of reorganization,
said the country is beginning to
look at the Senate as blowhards
such as those satirized by car-
toonist Lichty's "Sen. Snort."
Sen. Kenneth B. Keating (R-
NY) told the subcommittee that
Congress's role has been declining
and that "Congress itself must
bear the blame for its declining
role."
Sen. A. S. Monroney (D-Alaska)
said that Congress had a tendency
to deal with "extraneous" mat-
ters. "Today, legislation occupies
only a minor part of our time.
Legislation is too important for
that."
Sen. John Sherman Cooper (R-
Ky) said he may present a reso-
lution prohibiting senators from
taking written speeches to the
floor. He said it would shorten
speeches and enliven debate.

LaF ave Notes
DIT Dismissal
Prof. Lawrence - LaFave, chair.
man of the psychology depart-
ment at Detroit Institute of Tech-
nology, charged Friday he was dis-
missed as chairman for his ac-
tivities in a recent strike by in-
structors at DIT.
Prof. LaFave said DIT president
Dewey F. Barich told him he had
been fired for "using profanity in
class and embarrassing and haras-
sing" TT administrators. Rarinch

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- ---------- -- - . . .. - - - - - - -
NEA ADDRESS:
Ferry Cites oee Failure

"The race issue that is con-
vulsing every part of the nation
is a striking instance of the failure
of higher education," W. H. Ferry,
Vice-President of the Center for
the Study of Democratic Institu-
tions, said'"yesterday.
He addressed a meeting of the
Association for Higher Education
during the National Education
convention.
He attacked the attitude that
"a college education should be
available for everyone-providing
they show a minimum of aptitude.
We believe college will make life
easier for those getting through it
and measure a diploma for its
monetary worth, and since money
and success are synonimous, suc-
cess seems to depend on at least
two years of college."
Ferry said t h a t "measured
against the real needs of the

country the American college is a
bad investment. Judged by its out-
put of practical wisdom and in-
dependent criticism, the college is
a resounding flop."
But, he said, colleges and uni-
versities have failed to live up
to their responsibilities, "and now

that the cataclysm is upon us we
don't know what to think about
it."
In other action, the NEA voted
to establish an emergency loan
fund for Utah teachers who have
refused to return to the classroom
next fall.

'CHAINS OF SERVIT UDE:
Kauper Analyses Negro Right

orld News Roundup
By The Associated Press
HAVANA-Fifty-nine American students arrived in CubaSunday
night planning to stay in Cuba a month as guests of the Cuban
Student Federation. They face possible prosecution on their return
home because the state department has banned tourist travel to Cuba.
* * * *
WASHINGTON-Evidence that Russia has set off tiny atomic
explosions recently is too inconclusive for the President to revoke
"'his moratorium on United States
nuclear tests above ground, it was
announced yesterday.
IWASHINGTON - A "Standby
s E ffort Code for Voluntary Censorship"
will be sent to every newspaper
and broadcasting office about
Sept. 1 if President John F. Ken-
1954 school desegregation case. It nedy approves. The code could be
repudiated the "separate but a space-age version of the WW II
equal" doctrine and restored the guidelines for handling military
view held in the early post Civil information.
War decisions of the Supreme * *
Court. These decisions tried to MOSCOW - Red C h i n a an-
implement the promise of equality, nouned yesterday it will send a
Prof. Kauper said. seven-man delegation to Moscow
Through the 1954 case, the Su- for the opening of talks on ideol-
~,.-__,n~-------ogical differences Friday despite

By ANDREW ORLIN
A hundred years have passed
since the Battle of Gettysburg
(July 1-3, 1863), the turning point
in the Civil War, and yet the
Negro has still not thrown off the
chains of servitude or achieved
his equal place within society,
Prf. Paul G Kauner said vester-

never been marshalled before in
the fight for equality."
Efforts 'Phenomenal'
He termed the efforts of the
federal judiciary to bring about
integration as "phenomenal and
extraordinary."
Most progress has been made
through he Negro's own efforts.

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