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June 27, 1963 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1963-06-27

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SOUTHERN JUSTICE
STANDS TRIAL
See Editorial Page

i I r

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom

FAIR, WARM
4ool r H igh-93
Partly cloudy,
cooler. tonight

VOL. LXXHI, No. 3-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JUNE 27, 1963

SEVEN CENTS

FOUR PAGES

MILLAGE SUCCESS:
To Continue 'U' High Plan

[Buyer Index Cites
Drop in Optimism

Republicans Seek Role

T-

In_ TIM A'Y t mEfLt A'LTVI b

By JEAN TENANDER
The success of the new $3.75
million bond issue will mean that
University ,High School will be
phased out as originally planned,
Associate Dean Charles Lehmann
of the education school said yes-
terday.

In

The transfer from University
High to the new school may take
a little longer than planned be-
cause of the delay caused by the
failure of the first bond issue,
Dean Lehmann said. However,
classes at University High will be

Delta Seeks To Become
Private, Four-Year College
President Samuel D. Marble of Delta College has announced that
Delta will attempt to obtain four-year status as a private college.
Delta is forced to seek an interim solution because it has "lost
out with the Legislature," Marble said. Delta is now committed to
wait until Gov. George Romney's blue ribbon committee completes
its study on higher education in Michigan.
Marble claimed there was considerable "potential for philan-

thropy" in the Bay City area. In'

DR. JOHN A. O'SULLIVAN
...birth control

Pill Creates.
Moral Issues
The principle of double effect
governs the morality of the use
of oral contraceptive pills, Msgr.
John F. Bradley said at the New-
man Club yesterday.
He spoke on the moral issue
raised by the pill at the Newman
Club's presentation of "Moral and
Medical Implications of Birth
Control Pills." Dr. John A. O'Sul-
livan presented the medical view-
point.
Dr. O'Sullivan explained that
many of the oral contraceptives,
which he called 'fertility pills,' in-
troduced progesterone, a hormone
which prevents ovulaiton, in the
body. This is the same hormone
which is present in the body dur-
ing pregnancy, preventing ovula-
tion so that double and triple
pregnancies do not result from
fertilization.
No Pregnanty
"With progesterone, there were
no instances of pregnancy in five
to six thousand cases. After the
patients stopped taking it, their
fertility often increased," Dr.
O'Sullivan explained., It is this
effect which enables these 'fer-
tility pills' to increase the pos-
sibility of becoming pregnant for
women who seem relatively infer-
tile. Side effects of the pills, which
produce :a pseudo-pregnancy, are
nausea and other symptoms com-
monly connected with pregnancy.
Reports of blood clots in the leg
veins of women who took these
hormones have proved untrue, Dr.
O'Sullivan said. The number of
women who developed these blood
clots were "statistically insignifi-
cant" and there is no evidence
that they were caused bythe hor-
mones.
Because these hormones can be
used not only to induce sterility
but also to increase fertility, the
morality of their use depends on
the intent of the user, Msgr.
Bradley said.
Use Illicit
"The use of these drugs is cer-
tainly illicit if the intent of the
user is to induce sterility or to
affect. an abortion," he added.
"The use of these drugs is gen-
erally considered licit under the
} following conditions: with the ad-
vice of a competent and high-
principled doctor, one who under-
stands the moral law, and out
interpretation of it, whose intent
is to correct a pathological condi-'
tion or to promote fertility.
YR Convention

view of this, and the fact that the
area suffers from "very important
unmet educational needs," the col-
lege will attempt to go ahead with-
out tax support.
Private Charter
The board of trustees passed a
resolution approving application
for and pledging cooperation in
obtaining a private charter that
would enagle it to add junior and
senior years. The college was es-
tablished as a community college
in 1961.
A plan to make Delta a branch
of the University was scrapped
this spring with the understand-
ing that the blue ribbon commit-
tee would review the situation.
Charges of "empire building" had
been leveled at the University by
other university administrators.-
The "piggy-back" plan called
for Delta to remain a tri-county
junior college with the two year
Saginaw Valley Senior College to
be established as a related state-
supported college with its own
board of governors. The plan was
killed in the Senate this spring aft-
er passing in the House.
Consult Governor
Marble said that Gov. Romney
had been consulted with regard to
Delta's attempt to establish itself
as a private college. He had indi-
cated that his office would
increase rafher than diminish its
interest in the area if he saw evi-
dence that Delta was trying to
help itself.
Marble also said that up to the
present no specific steps had been
taken on altering the college's
standing from a public to a pri-
vate one. He explained that Delta
would have to wait until it had
gone through the procedure re-
quired to become 'a tax exempt in-
stitution before any concrete ac-
tion could be taken.
Charles Wicks, a local indus-
trialist in the Bay City area, has
offered to give the college $1 mil-
lion if Delta can raise $3 million
to match this sun.
Relinquish Assets
The proposed charter enables
the college to turn over all as-
sets to the state supported insti-
tution taking over final operation
of the last two years "if the state
finally decides to take the re-
sponsibility for Delta," Marble
commented.
Space Budget
Cut in House
WASHINGTON (iP)-The House
space committee yesterday cut
$136 million from the $1.2 billion
budget request for space sciences
and advanced research. At the
same time it added $2 million for
research in high energy fuels.
The reduction amounted to
about 11 per cent of what was
requested by the National Aero-
nautics and Space Adminsitration
for this purpose in the fiscal year
starting July 1. The total approved
by the committee was just over
$1 billion.

discontinued as soon as the new
facilities on the north side of town
are completed.
Some kind of collaboration be-
tween the University and the re-
search functions of the new school
will probably exist, Lehmann not-
ed. Teaching fellows will assist in
research and thus will in a sense
be part of the public school sys-
tem but wil still be on the Univer-
sity staff.
..Pay Tuition
The students who are presently
attending University High School
but do not live in Ann Arbor will
be able to attend the new school
only if they pay the per capita cost
of their education to the city of
Ann Arbor. This would be roughly
around $500,hLehmann said. He
added that the decision was not
yet final.
The $3.75 million bond issue and
a 4/2 mill tax passed on June 10
after a $7.5 million bond issue
and a 7/2 mill tax were defeated
in the May school board election
ballot.
The phasing out of University
High School has met stiff opposi-
tion from parents and students of
the school. They object to the plan,
as transferring to the second high
school would cause problems.
Expense Prohibitive
A number of students live out-
side the Ann Arbor school district
and would find the estimated $5001
tuition a prohibitive expense. Theyj
claim that outlying county school
districts are not as high a calibre
as University or Ann Arbor high
schools.
Secondly, the students and par-
ents object to the end of special
classification and teacher atten-
tion for bright and slow students.
The larger, new high school could
not meet these needs, they say.
The parents and students have
conferred with University officials
and student groups talked to Gov.
George Romney during one of his
five-minute public meeting ses-
sions.

By RUTH HETMANSKI
Consumer optimism h a s
weakened unexpectedly, ac-
cording to the University's Sur-
vey Research Center's Index of
Consumer Sentiment for May
1963.
"In view of the improvement
shown in practically all sta-
tistical data that portray the
performance of the American
economy and the optimistic
predictions recently published

lic does not know the reason
for the prevailing good times.
This may account for the de-
cline of optimistic expectations.
People view the business up-
turn as merely temporary.
Poor Pessimistic
"The weakening of optimism
was most pronounced among
low-income people and least
pronounced among high-in-
come people," the report con-
tinued.
It indicated also that in the
past the consumer attitudes
changed in the same direction
as other economic indicators.
In November 1962, the Index
showeda marked gain which
was "hardly in line with ex-
pert opinion," but the econo-
my began to move upward un-
der the influence of consumer
buying.
"It may be argued that when
optimistic expectations are ful-
filled people become more opti-
mistic," the report suggests,
noting that thesolution of the
Cuban crisis at that time may
have had an optimistic effect
upon the public.
Expectations
"The deterioration of atti-
tudes is most pronounced in
short-term business expecta-
tions. But it is also apparent in
the longer term economic out-
look," the report says.
The Survey Research Center
found that the American peo-
ple said "overwhelmingly" that
"a depression like the one in the
'30's cannot happen again. The
public thinks that recessions
will take place. However, only
a small proportion believe a re-
cession is imminent.
A large proportion of the
people interviewed believe that
economy is periodic, and that
the present business upturn will
give way to stability, which will
in turn perlude a downturn.

Harris Presents Scheme
To Tighten Council Bill
By JAMES GREENBERG
Prof. Robert J. Harris of the Law School presented an or-
dinance designed "to make available housing outside the ghetto
to Negroes and to end residential segregation" to the City Council

fair housing committee last night.
The ordinance was drafted by local clergymen in response
the City Council ordinance now pending. The major weakness
the council ordinance, Harris as-.
serted, is that its coverage is lim-h
ited. "There is no coverage of
houses that have no mortgages,
houses financed by land contract,
houses financed by conventional,
FHA or VA mortgages or houses
bought before the ordinance was
passed,"
He added, "even if an owner
had placed an FHA mortgage on
his home after the ordinance was
passed, he could side step the :
ordinance completely by refinanc-
ing his home before he put it up {
for sale." The result is that the s
ordinance would have "no effect
on the market used to sell single-
family homes."

To Epand CivilRigt

FAIR HOUSING:

to
of

PROF. GEORGE KATONA
... consumer survey
by experts, the deterioration of.
consumer attitudes was unex-
pected," the report noted.
The index, lower than in
February 1963. or November,
1962, may be attributed to three
things. The first is the disap-
pearance of a favorable influ-
ence; people seem to be more
concerned with unemployment,
and the public impression is
that it is increasing. The pub-

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I

HIGHER EDUCATION:
Urges. Closer Tax-Payer kLook

By ANDREW ORLIN
"I thought we ought to take a
closer look at what the Michigan
taxpayer pays for a college educa-
tion," John C. McCurry, general
manager of the Michigan Manu-
facturers Association said yester-
day.
McCurry recently clashed verb-
ally with Gov. George Romney at
a meeting which the governor had
Hatcher Trip
To Concentrate
on Sessions
Assistant Director for Univer-
sity Special Projects Andrew Doty
said yesterday that the major
portion of University President
Harlan Hatcher's trip would be
given over to meetings of the
Association of the Universities of
the British Commonwealth.
President Hatcher's only con-
tact with University alumni will
be in London where he will ad-
dress a group of University gradu-
ates now living in London and a
group of alumni touring Europe.
A tea will be held for both groups
at the English Speaking Union.
President Hatcher will visit Ox-
ford and St. Andrews universities
while in England and Scotland.
Doty said President Hatcher
will be travelling more in the
capacity of an American college
president than as president of the
University.

Writing Legislation

called to explain his alternative
tax reforms.
Criticizing Romney's failure to
find any way to cut state expendi-
tures, McCurry noted that the
"governor lost the proper emphasis
on this problem. Instead of cutting
costs he placed the emphasis on
the other side-spending."
Too Expensive
While objecting to what he
termed "no real examination" of
the economic problems of Mich-
igan in general, McCurry also
scored the great expense which
the state bears for education.
He suggested that the state
"look to a more efficient use of
the present facilities instead of
a continued building program. The
total college budget is going up
too fast. I don't think the tax-
payer has a responsibility to pay
for a student's education," Mc-
Curry said.
Although he believes that Mich-
igan schools should not conduct
the study into cutting costs, Mc-
Curry thought they might be of
great assistance to such a study
committee. "While the universi-
ties cannot be asked to judge their
own case, they have a lot of in-
side information."
Reconsider Policies
McCurry suggested the possibil-
ity of having the state universities
"junk the old pedegogery of edu-
cation." He explained that the
present concepts of physical op-
eration, time spent and the num-
ber of students in a classroom
should be seriously reconsidered.
"Although professors have to
get time off and time to do re-
search, I wonder whether they

are being used to their full ca-
pacity." By increasing the use of
present facilities, more income
would come in although= the gen-
eral overhead costs would not be
increased, he added.
"Some studies on this subject
have been made but more should
be made." He added that the
problem was too complex for a
single individual and that the
exact details of cutting the ris-
ing educational expenses should be
left up to Gov. Romney.
Economic Success
"Here's a man who made his
reputation in industry by putting
life into a half dead industry. We
thought he could do the same
thing for the state," McCurry said
in reference to Romney.
"Surely the governor can find
other ways of saving money be-
sides switching from a limousine
to a standard car," he added.
Romney had noted that this was
the only expense reduction that
he was able to find in his office.

Corrections Made
Prof. Harris also suggested cor-
rections and clarification of the
council ordinance. Fourth ward
Republican Councilman Wendell
Hulcher termed them as "valu-
able."
The committee disagreed that
the ordinance would have no ef-
fect, noting that there are only
about 100 Negro families moving
around Ann Arbor. The ordinance
would affect about 20 per cent of
the housing. Council said the or-
dinance would set a moral ex-
ample.
Why Ordinance?
LeMar Miller, chairman of the
Ann Arbor Area Fair Housing As-
sociation of the Congress of Ra-
cial Equality, leveled more criti-
cism against Mayor Cecil O. Creal.
He asked, "Why the delav in
passing a fair housing ordinance?
Creal has said, at Monday's Coun-
cil meeting, 'We must take chances
to save the Central Business Dis-
trict.' The Mayor was responding
to councilmen who balked at the
financing of parking facilities in
the downtown area. Why doesn't
the mayor display equally strong
leadership in the matter of fair
housing? Why doesn't the mayor
urge action to save thousands of
Ann Arbor residents from the evils
of discrimination?"
Miller continued, "We have a
building code which even regulated
the number of elects ic plugs you
can have in your home; we have
zoning laws which regulate where
you can live and where you can
work. If the city can regulate
other matters pertaimng to hous-
mg. why does it still not outlaw
dicrivmir ation?"

PROF. ROBERT G. HARRIS
... housing ordinance
HOUSING:
Detroit Asks
Draft Law
By The Associated Press
DETROIT-Detroit and Phila-
delphia took tangible steps yester-
day toward meeting discrimina-
tion in their cities as Detroit's
Common Council ordered the
drafting of a fair housing ordi-
nance and Philadelphia gave three
public contractors 48 hours to end
discriminatory hiring practices.
The council asked the commun-
ity relations commission to draft
such a law which, its director
Richard Marks said, will be based
on the open occupancy bill that
died in the Legislature this session,
Several home - owner group
spokesman protested the action,
one threatening an election to
secede his area from Detroit.
Order Shuffling
The Detroit public schools or-
dered the shuffling of teachers
less than three years in the system
to balance educational quality in
all city schools.
The action implements a year-
long recommendation to end de
facto school segregation effects
Philadelphia Managing Director
Fred P. Corleto told the firms that
their contracts-totaling $685 ,000
-will be terminated an d they will
be barred from .future city work
if they do not comply.
His action ended a 55-hour sit-
in by the Congress of Racial Equal-
ity in his office.
Kentucky Go-Ahead
Attempts to end racial discrim-
ination in hotels, restaurants and
other places of public accommoda-
tions got an unexpected go-ahead
in the Southern bastion of Ken-
tucky.
Gov. Bert Combs issued an
executive order halting discrim-
ination in all state-licensed busi-
nesses and professions.
The Vermont House of Repre-
sentatives passed a 'bill prohibiting
discrimination in employment.
.Dublin Cheers
Visiting Leader
By The Associated Press
DUBLIN - President John F.
Kennedy received a rousing wel-
come in Dublin yesterday after
viewing the Berlin wall.

Ask Changes
In Program
Of President
Goldwater To Offer
Amendment Involving
Labor Discrimination
WASHINGTON (P) - The Re-
publican price tag for helping the
administration get a civil rights
bill through Congress is now clear
-a strong hand in writing the leg-
islation.
GOP members of a House judi-
ciary subcommittee showed Atty.
Gen. Robert F. Kennedy yesterday
he can count on their support only
if he is willing to compromise on
the administration's sweeping sev-
en-point program.
A second administration witness
goes before the subcommittee to-
day, Secretary of Labor W. Wil-
lard Wirtz, who will concentrate
on President John F. Kennedy's
proposals to improve the Negroes'
job opportunities.
Add Amendment
In advance of Wirtz' testimony,
Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz)
made known that he intends to
offer an amendment to deny Na-
tional Labor Relations Board and
other benefits to unions that prac-
tice discrimination.
Launching the administration's
civil rights bill on its trouble-
strewn course through Congress
was a five-hour job for the attor-
ney general, who was subjected to
detailed, legalistic questioning,
mostly by Republicans.
Their chief criticism was aimed
at a proposal to ban racial dis-
crimination in hotels, restaurants
and other places serving the pub-
lic.
Rep. John V. Lindsay (R-NY),
a leader of the GOP civil rights
bloc in the House, said after the
hearing he thought Kennedy had
"acquitted himself very well."
Not Read
Lindsay expressed disappoint-
ment, however, that Kennedy had
not even read the 41 Republican
civil rights bills introduced last
January and the 38 additional
bills put in this month, most of
them covering the same ground as
the bill outlined by the President
last week.
Meanwhile, Sen. Sam J. Ervin
Jr. (D-NC), chairman of a Senate
judiciary subcommittee that han-
dles civil rights measures, declar-
ed that he has no desire to delay
the start of hearings on the ad-
ministration's package bill.
He said hearings afford the best
opportunity to bring before the
Senate and the public "the foolish
things" and the broad grants of
power embodied in the legislation.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
UNITED NATIONS=-The UN
General Assembly's budgetary
committee yesterday formally ap-
proved the report that will permit
final Assembly action today on fi-
nancing Congo and Middle East
peacekeeping costs. A hand vote
was announced as 89-10 with one
abstention. The Soviet Bloc voted
against the report because, Soviet
Delegate . D. Morozov explained,
"It contains resolutions that are
contrary to the charter of the
United Nations."
* **
WASHINGTON - The Senate
voted more funds for depressed
areas yesterday, handing the Ken-

nedy administration a hoped-for
chance to reverse the setback dealt
the program when the House vot-
ed against expanding it. House
leaders said they will try to use the
bill as a vehicle to reverse the sur-
prise 209-204 rejection of Kenne-
dy's request two weeks ago.
NEW YORK-The stock market
vesterday took its worst loss in

Albany Tensions Mount
As Police Raid SNCC
By PHILIP SUTIN
Co-Editor
Race tension remains high in Albany, Ga., as police raided the
Student Non-Violent Co-ordination Committee office Monday and
the Klu Klux Klan was reportedly planning a meeting there July 6.
Former University student Martha Prescod now working full
time for SNCC, said that the police claimed they were looking for
three boys. However, the office was surrounded by five to ten police

. .

CO-EXISTENCE POSSIBLE:
Professor Says World Peace Unlikely

"The task of attaining peace
can never be finished; there will
be no peace while there are men
on earth," Prof. Vera Dean of
New York Universitysaid yester-
day.
Speaking as the first guest in
the lecture series, "Where We
Stand: A Review of the American
Position on Critical Issues," Prof.
Dean said that "we can have co-

nations are indeed governed by
some form of democracy but are
not alligned with either the West-
ern or the Communist powers.
These are generally not included
in the "free world"
"The United States has a split
personality. So has every nation
in the world except possibly Com-
munist China," Prof. Dean added
"This is bcasewe areliving in

post-war period and France
the post-cold wat period."
Nationalism Necessary

is in

>cars and a paddy wagon, she re-
ported. The SNCC staff was not
in its office, Miss Prescod added,
as it has taken refuge in a church.
Nineteen of 26 field secretaries,
including Susan Wender, '65, have
been arrested on various charges
and are awaiting trial Friday. The
arrested leaders are staging a hun-
ger strike in the city jail.
The police also stopped 20 min-
isters of the Albany Movement
who had been operating a shuttle
service as part of a boycott against
segregated seating by the local bus
company. One was arrested, Miss
Prescod said, when he refused to
show identification to the police.
The grouttnaed a mall mnreh

Prof. Dean felt that the nation-
state is very present today as a
mode of organization. Some feel
that nationalism is obsolete, she
said, but she feels that it is "as
necessary to a nation as individ-
ualism is to a person."

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