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August 01, 1963 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1963-08-01

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

T, AUGUST '1, 1963


au.AGUST1,a163 uI~1 Tl 'ANfLAt1L1

USIA Probes Views of U.S.


Special To The Daily
WASHINGTON - Face-to-face
conversation of Americans with
foreigners is the most valuable
means of communication we have
today, Edward R. Murrow, director
of the United States Information
Agency, told college students work-,
ing in Washington recently.
The occasion was one of several
seminars being given for students
who have summer jobs with the
government. '
The USIA functions to discover
what it is about the United States
and its policies that concerns or
irritates people abroad, Murrow
No Picture
"We do not convey a picture of
America abroad. Commercial me-
dia 94id private citizens abroad do
this. We want to make United
States policy everywhere intelli-
gible and, wherever possible, pal-
atable," he asserted.
"We do not operate in the ex-
pectation that we ,are going to be
imitated. We do not operate be-
cause we are searching for satel-
lites or because we want to tell the
people abroad that we have found
a solution to our social and eco-
nomic ills.
"But we do want to tell them
that we share many aims, ambi-
tions and dreams with them and
'U' Music School
To Give Concert
The University music school's
Collegium Musicum will present
an extensive program at 8:30 p.m.
today in Aud. A.
This is the 24th music school
concert for the year 1963-64.
Admission to all music school
events is free.
tILU In oiraGin
DIAL 5-6290
friendlier females


we have a certain experience,
which we are prepared to share,"
Murrow said.
Communists Ahead
However, the United States is
being outbroadcast, outpublished
and outspent in the field of prop-
aganda by the Communists, he
told the student audience of 10,-
The veteran reporter charged
that the United States Congress
does not believe in "the potency
of ideas and the importance of
information." He pointed out that
if the USIA wanted to operate a
jamming system similar to the one
the Soviet Union uses on American
broadcasts, it would need $150 mil-
lion. "But our total annual budget
is only $122 million," he said.
Murrow said that Voice of Amer-
ica broadcasts are more accurate
and objective than "anything that
moves from this country to the rest
of the world." Even racial inci-
dents are reported as they occur,
he said. "If we did not report
them, they would be reported by
others and distorted in the proc-
ess," he said.
Voice of America
The 62-language Voice of Amer-
ica is not on the air nearly as
many hours as Russian and Red
Chinese radio propaganda. "We
have recently installed a large
transmitter in North Carolina, and
soon we will open one in Liberia,
but we will still rank third," Mur-
row declared.
Sixty American magazines and
20 newspapers are reproduced in
25 languages. In Southeast Asia,
Murrow reported, these magazines
are accepted as a substitute for
money. American journalists and
professors of journalism are in
Africa teaching people the ethics
and technical aspects of journal-
The United States operates 182
libraries in 88 countries.
Revolution by Book
"We take books for granted, but
they are causing revolutions in
other parts of the world," Murrow
asserted. One of the USIA's small
libraries in Africa had more re-
quests for the Federalist Papers
in six months than a New York
public library had in a year, he
Television provides a rare and
valuable opportunity for the USIA,
Murrow said, not only because
foreign stations give us air time
without cost, but also because in
many parts of the world television
is used as an "instrument of edu-
cation and public enlightenment
rather than of entertainment."
A television series teaching Eng-
lish, which began as an experi-
ment, is now thriving in 35 coun-
tries, including all Latin American
countries that have television. It is
reportedly the most popular pro-
gram in Vienna, and the USIA
even receives mail from Hungary
and Czechoslovakia concerning the
,ITop Talent
Murrow has brought into his
agency "five of the best young film
makers in the country" to help
supply movies in 52 languages to
American film libraries in 104
For Men and Women-
"Tonsorial Queries invited"
--Completely air-conditioned-
Near Michigan Theatre

countries. Much material is filmed
abroad rather than in the United
Where illiteracy is high, radio is
the most important means of com-
munication, Murrow said. If the
USIA can get a copy of a presiden-
tial speech three hours in advance,
it can be translated in 100 world
capitals by the time the President
finishes his address.
However, Murrow confided that
President Kennedy is "a frustrated
editor and makes changes in the
copy right up to air time."
"Curiosity in the Soviet Union is
expanding," Murrow declared. Of
300 American exhibits in circula-
tion at all times, the three in the
Soviet Union (concerning plastics,
medicine and transportation) drew
1.5 million Russians.
Wondering Minds
"It is not possible to train half
the human mind without having
the other half eventually wonder
about the relation of the individ-
ual to the state and the individual
to a Supreme Being," he said. He
added that Russians' questions are
changing from the usual "How
much did that suit cost?" to deeper
matters such as "Is it true you
havethe right to strike in your
The agency director says his
views on censorship have changed
since the time he was a television
producer. "Now I would not trust
any government agency-even the
one over which I have the privilege
to preside-to control or censor
anything communicated from this
country to any other. This would
lead to control within the nation
and controlover departure of in-
dividuals from this country. There
would be no place to stop."
The USIA recruits about 50 col-
lege graduates each year and sends
them to a special training school
for a year. Former Peace Corps-
men are also wanted. "If we inter-
est you, you interest us, and we
would like to hear from you," Mur-
row concluded.

SA D AAs tide in Bay of Fundy rises, gates open to fill high pool, as shown
\ -- in top drawing. Gates then are closed and water is held by series of
- dams around Passamaquoddy Bay. Afterward-water is released through
s '.A%--"' . - electricity generating turbines of power plant into low pool formed by
Cobscook Bay. At low tide, gates of low pool are opened to release water
--into Bay of Fundy, as shown in lower drawing.
-Yds~dazfjlad4' //o4/
2 - \
"r { A ,f, t -tLOW POOL A
LOW POOL / _ 1P4N7
~- -- ---
MAP' V (ir l f ,i 1'
__._____ ABOVE APNewsfeaturesz
Project Seeks To Turn Tides ito Power

Daily Night Editor Marilyn Kor-
al found a friend to make sure'
she made no mistakes in putting
out the paper the other night.
Her friend liked his perch so
much that he stayed there one
full day. He was last reported
heading for the New York Times.


or a

funnier picture
., OVER!

;. bloodshed, ~-
and death, '
In fact,
4 Shows Daily
at 1:00-3:35-6:15-8:45

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in. TYPEWRITTEN form. to
Room 3564 Administration Building
before 2 p.m. two days preceding
Day Calendar
8:30 a.m.-Bureau of School Services
Leadership Training Conference -
Mich. Union.
8:30 a.m.-American Institute of CPA
Staff Training Program-Mich. Union.
2:00 p.m. - Audio-Visual Education
Center Film Previev--"History of the
Motion Picture: dad Clowns" and
"Fools, Daredevils and Geniuses": Mul-
tipurpose Room, Undergrad Lib.
4:15 p.m.-School of Music Degree Re-
cital-Sister Marie Cecile, O.S.U., pian-
st: Lane Hall' Aud.
7:30 p.m. - Linguistics Curriculum
Committee Linguistic Forum Lecture-
Albert H. Marckwardt, "Levels of Us-
age: The Development of a Concept":
Rackham Amphitheatre.
8:00 p.m.-Dept. of Speech Univ. Play-
ers Summer Playbill-Dorothy and Mich-
ael Blankfort's "Monique": Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
8:30 p.m.-School of Music Degree Re-
cital-Jack W. Seidler, percussion: Lane
Hall Aud.
8:30 p.m.-School of Music Concert-
Collegium Musicum: Brass Ensemble,
Clifford Lillya, director; The Consort,
Robert Warner, director; Gary Glaze,
tenor;and Nelson Hauenstein, Baroque
flute: Aud. A, Angell Hall.
Doctoral Examination for John Ru-
dolph Mulder, Comparative Literature;
thesis: "Literary Skepticism: Montaigne
and Sir Thomas Browne," today, 2601
Haven Hall, at 4:00 p.m. Chairman, F.
L. Huntley.
Doctoral Examination for Bernard
Franklin Spielvogel, Chemistry; thesis:
"A Mechanistic Study of the Reaction
between Sodium Triborohydride and
Hydrogen Chloride," today, 3003 Chem-
istry Bldg., at 1:30 p.m. Chairman, R.
W. Parry.
General Notices
Regents' Meeting: Fri., Sept. 20. Com-
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than Sept. 6.
Student Government Council Approval
of the following student-sponsored ac-
tivities becomes effective 24 hours after
the publication of this notice. All pub-
licity for these events must be withheld
until the approval has become effective.
U. of M. Friends of SNCC, Open
Meeting, Aug. 6, Union.
Astronomy Department Visitors' Night:
Fri., Aug. 2, 8:30 p.m., Room 5006 An-
gell Hall. Dr. William E. Howard will
speak on "Radio Sources." After the

Lecture the Student Observatory on
the fifth floor of ;Angell Hall will be
open for inspection and for telescopic
observations of the Moon, and double
star. Children welcomed, but must be
accompanied by adults.
Placemnen t
Mackworth G. Rees, Div. of Avis in-
dustrial Corp., Detroit, Mich.-Openings
,for Sales Engineers. Engineering De-
gree (not necessarily electrical). Some
exper. in electrical Mfg.-1 to 2 years.
Will sell OEM to industrial firms, most
of them located in Detroit. Must have
own car. Age to 33.r
Wash. Civil Service-Welfare Admin-
istrator II-1 yr. of grad training in a
school of social work plus .2 years of
su~pervisory or equivalent level adminis-
trative exper. in public or private wel-
fare admin. Welfare Administrator II-
1 yr. grad study in social work plus 2
yrs. administrative exper. in a public
welfare program.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Bartlesville,
Okla.-Opening for Physicist or Engi-
neer to do original experimental re-
search on fuels & combustion in highly
instrumented engine lab. Responsible
supervisory position requires MS, PhD
or equivalent original research exper.
This is a Civil Service position.
Michigan Civil Service-Nursing Edu-
cation Consultant IV-Registration as a
graduate nurse. Desire 4 years of recent
nursing exper. in a supv., admin., or
teaching capacity, not less than 2 yrs.
of which shall have been in teaching.
Apply by Sept. 30.
Management Consultants in Mass. -
Regional Sales Manager-Chicago head-
quarters & including Illinois-Wis. re-
gion. Age 30 to 40. Company is manu-
facturer of industrial metal products.
Must have managerial ability to lead &
supervise five other salesmen in indus-
trial sales.
For further information, please call
General Division, Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 3200 SAB, Ext. 3544.
The following part-time jobs are
available. Applications for these jobs
can be made in the Part-time Place-
ment Office, 2200 Student Activities
Bldg. during the following hours: Mon.
thru Fri., 8 a.m. til 12 noon and 1:30
til 5 p.m.
Employers desirous of hiring students
for part-time or full-time temporary
work, should contact Bob Cope, Part-
time Interviewer at NO 3-1511, ext. 3553.
Students desiring miscellaneous odd
jobs should consult the bulletin board
in Room 2200, daily.
-Several half-time secretarial posi-
tions available with the Univ. 20
hours per week, mornings or after-
noons. These positions require of-
fice experience and the ability to
take dictation. Applicants should
come to this office to be tested and
* * *

AP Newsfeatures Writer
A dream of nearly half a cen-
tury-that of harnessing the giant
tides of Passamaquoddy Bay on
the Maine-Canadian border for a
vast new supply of electricity-
may become a reality within a few
It is a project first conceived
about 1919 and has been strongly
advocated by many persons
throughout the ensuing years, in-
cluding President Franklin D.
Roosevelt actually launched a
start on the development in 1935.
After a sum of $7 million was allo-
cated for initial work, Senate Re-
publicans blocked further appro-
priations. They claimed the proj-
ect was a "moondoggling" enter-
prise. The tides are actuated by
the moon.
Roosevelt Convinced
Roosevelt became enthusiastic
about the plan after watching the
surging tides at his summer home
on Campobello Island. The island
is in a key position for helping
form one of the huge reservoirs
necessary for the hydro-electric
Since the unsuccessful attempt
to get Work going in 1935, the proj-
ect has been studied off and on.
Some experts have felt in the past
that the development would be
economically unsound. However,
the view of many now is that
changing times and technology
would make it worthwhile.
Backing up this viewpoint, Sec-
retary of the Interior Stewart L.
Udall has urged President John F.
Kennedy to back a $1 billion pro-
gram for the project. Udall based
his plea on a new study, under-
taken in 1961 by a group of Inter-
ior Department experts.
Kennedy in Favor
President Kennedy declared
himself wholeheartedly in favor of
the idea.
Passamaquoddy Bay is an arm
of the famous Bay of Fundy, a
noted tourist attraction which has
the greatest rise and fall of tides
in the world.
On the Nova Scotia coast the
tides range 40 to 50 feet in height.
In the Passamaquoddy Bay area

they, vary from nearly 13 feet to
26, with an average of around 18.
Under the current plans, 71/2
miles of ocean dams would be con-
structed at various places and
would form two pools.
Storage Pool
Passamaquoddy Bay would trap
the incoming tidewaters and pro-
vide a storage pool for the water
later to be idropped through tur-
bines into a low pool formed by
adjacent Cobscook Bay. At low
tides the water in Cobscook Bay
would be released.
The Passamaquoddy develop-
ment would produce 1 million kilo-
watts during a peak one-hour per-
iod daily, and ilesser amounts at
other hours.
Udall said the project could be
completed within 15 years-at a
time when power needs in the
northeastern United States and
adjacent Canadian areas would be
far greater than now.
U.S. Money
The secretary said the United
Stastes would finance the whole
project, but that power would be
sold to Canadian purchasers, at
cost. All the power plants would
be on the American side; some of
the dams would be in Canada.
The tidal project would be cou-
pled with a companion hydro-
electric development on the upper
St. John River.
President Kennedy instructed
the State Department to begin im-
mediate negotiations with Canada
for sharing the benefits of the
No Legislation Yet
Meanwhile, it was believed that
it would be about a year before the
Administration submits to Con-
gress any measure for authorizing
the construction.
There was no immediate indica-
Ittanar To Discuss
Religion in Israel
Rabbi M. J. E. Ittanar, general
secretary of the chief rabbinate of
Israel, will consider "The Reli-
gious Issue in Israel" at the Hillel
Foundation, 7:30 p.m. today.


Personal Service

. is just one. of the inan y advanta#es
will enjoy when you shop for your
music here.

that yoit
E. Liberty
NO 2-0675

University Players present


Michael Blankfort's

t "
(All showings Friday and Saturday at 7 and 9 P.M.,
except where otherwise noted.)
Aug. 2, 3
Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly,
William Holden.



We will not be taking
for fall positions until Aug.


performances 8 p.m. thru Saturday
in the air-conditioned Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
$1.50, 1.00; FRI & SAT. 25c MORE


gil/l at MICHIGAN


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