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JUDIC-REFORMS
CHANGE LITTLE
See Editorial Page

Sirga1

43
40 . att]y

FAIR
"igh-87
Low-62
Sunny and warm;
cooler in the evening

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIII, No. 27-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY AUGUST 1,1963 SEVEN CENTS

FOUR PAGES

COMM UNITY COMPOSITE:
Creal Creates Housing Panel

Strange Asks Extended Terms
Of Both County, State Officials

By ANDREW ORLIN
Mayor Cecil 0. Creal proposed
yesterday the establishment of a
committee of various community
interests to study and make sug-
gestions on the fair housing ordi-.
nance.

MAYOR CECIL O. CREAL
... another committee

The panel will be named August
14 and will report to him by Sep-
tember 1.
The City Council Fair Housing
Legislation Committee presented a
revised fair housing. ordinance
Ilia Captures
Presidency
By The Associated Press
BUENOS AIRES-Dr. Arturo
Illia, a 62-year-old country doctor
turned politician, was elected last
night the 29th president of Ar-
gentina, according to unofficial
tabulations.
At the same time, former presi-
dent Arturo Frondizi was' freed
yesterday, 16 months and 2 days
after the military deposed him
from the presidency and put Jose
Maria Guido in his place.
Illia, the son of an Italian im-
migrant, held 189 electoral, college
votes with the voting complete in
18 of the country's 23-provinces
and federal district.
55 More Votes
In the remaining five voting
districts he was assured of another
55 votes being cast for his elec-
tion by his own party, the People's
1Radical Civic Union. This would
give Illia 244 votes-five more
than needed for election.
Before the electoral college be-
gan the last stage of selecting a
new president, Dr. Illia had suffi-
cient pledges to assure his election.
In the popular voting July 7, he
polled 26 per cent of the ballots.
The election was marked by a
government ban on the participa-
tion of followers of exiled ex-
dictator Juan Peron as candidates
for office. Peron was ousted in
1955.
Indirect Election
In Argentina, the people vote
for meinbers of the electoral col-
lege and the college then votes for
a president but the procedure is
somewhat different from that of
the electoral college system in the
United States.
Illia is an anti-Communist, and
an anti-Peronist moderate who
campaigned mainly on four issues,
including the freeing of political
prisoners..
Moderate Policy
Argentines actually elect mem-
bers of the electoral college,
rather than vote directly for a
president. Electoral college candi-
dates promise their votes to one
presidential candidate, but they
are not pledged to carry out that
promise.
Thus the election of a president
is not certain until after the bal-
loting by the 476-member elec-
toral college. A simple majority
of the electoral college vote is
enough for election.
He called for a restoration of
constitutional guarantees, a re-
vision of the electric and oil con-
cessions to foreign companies-
particularly United States com-
panies-in his campaign for the
presidency.,
Earlier in the day Illia was quot-
ed by a newspaper as saying that
unemployment and undernourish-
nent in Argentina were more
pressing problems than the situa-
tion of foreign oil companies do-
ing business in Argentina.

which passed at Monday night's
Council meeting.
Some Differences,
The mayor noted that "some
major differences of opinion exist
within the (legislative) committee
and it is evident that many people
in the community are not satis-
fied with the new proposal."
Committee Chairman Wendell
E. Hulcher, Fourth Ward Republi-
can, said, "any effort put forth
can be beneficial. What I am most
concerned with is that all areas,
the Human Relations Commission,
the council committee and this
new panel, are kept active and
brought to bear on the final solu-
tion."
The panel will work. independ-
ently of the Council committee.
Wheeler Speaks
In favoring the establishment
of the new group, Prof. Albert
Wheeler, of the Medical School,
local head of the housing commit-
tee of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored Peo-
ple, said, "the Council and the
committee had come in with what
would be their maximum propos-
als. 'They were far below what
civil rights groups and Negroes
thought adequate for an ordi-
nance."
He added that public hearings
have been of little value in the
past and that there was little hope
that they would influence Coun-
cil in the future. "This put us in a
position to either .make a lot of
noise and accept the proposal or
come out and reject it. '
"The panel is an alternative to
negotiate differences as has been
done in other cities."
Mayor's Initiative
Prof. Wheeler noted that the
idea for a meeting to discuss this
problem came from the mayor. Out
of this meeting came the commu-
nity panel. He said that groups
such as NAACP, the Ann Arbor
Fair Housing Association-Congress
of Racial Equality, the American;
Civil Liberties Union, members of
the three major religious faiths,
representatives of each political'
party, realtors, bankers and busi-
nessmen will form the committee.'
There is a divided view among
realtors. Some oppose a strong or-
dinance while others are for one
that would be completely compre-
hensive, Prof. Wheeler said. The
position of bankers and the rest
of the business community is un-
certain, he added.'
"Demonstrations made public of-1
ficials stop and realize that :they
can't sit down and dictate a mini-

mum policy without protest," he
said.
Pointing to what Creal termed
"emotion, demonstrations and con-
troversy," he said, "It is my desire
that any local ordinance would
serve to eliminate exsting unfair
housing practices while being fair
to all. It should help to restore
an atmosphere of understanding
and cooperation between local gov-
ernment and the citizens in all of
Ann Arbor."
The City Council committee has
been working on a fair housing
proposal since spring. Members of
the committee include Hulcher,
Councilman John Dowson, Second
Ward Republican; Paul Johnson,
Third Ward Republican; Bent
Nielsen, Fifth Ward Republican,
and Eunice Burns, First Ward
Democrat.

Senators Seek New Plan'
To Delay Railroad Strike
WASHINGTON (A)-Five Senate Democrats introduced legisla-
tion yesterday to require 60 more days of bargaining in the railroad
work rules dispute.
Both sides wouldbe directed to negotiate, a strike or lockout
would be prohibited and a special Congressional watchdog committee
would oversee the talks.
Sen. Clair Engle of California, one of the sponsors, said if no
solution .is found after the 60 days, "it will be necessary for us to move
~to compulsion of one form or an-

Violence Hits
In New York
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK-Police reserves
were rushed to a New York City
construction site when about 100
surging, shrieking anti-bias dem-
onstrators threatened to get out
of control yesterday.
Patrolmen traded punches with
two demonstrators. Twenty-two
persons were arrested, bringing to
nearly 750 the number arrested at
construction sites throughout the
city, in three weeks.
In Washington, D.C., William
Loeb, publisher of the Manchester,
N. H., Union Leader, charged that
"Communists definitely are a fac-
tor in the civil rights agitation."
He told a Senate commerce com-
mittee hearing that Atty. Gen.
Robert F. Kennedy's statement
that there is no evidence of Com-
munist involvement is "entirely
unbelievable."
Judge Protests
Judge Ben F. Cameron, Missis-
sippi's member on the 5th United
States Circuit Court of Appeals,
has protested in a special dissent
that the chief judge changed rules
'in order to accomplish a desired
result."
Cameron said that some com-
bination of four of the court's nine
judges nearly always constitutes
a majority on the three-judge
panels appointed to hear civil
rights cases.,
County officials in Birmingham,
Ala., denied a justice department
suit's charge that the board of
registirars discriminated against
Negro voter applicants.
Immediate Action

other against either the carriers
or the unions in order to- prevent
a strike that would have a disas-
trous effect on the economy of
this country."
Both the railroads and the five
on-train unions invol'ved would
"have to look down the barrel of a
gun held by a Congressional com-
mittee while they are actually in
the collective bargaining process,"
Engle declared.
No Time to Act
He said he had offered the new
proposal because "it is impossible'
for us (dongress) to resolve the
questions involved" before a na-
tionwide rail strike deadline -
Aug. 29.
The proposal would substitute
for President John F. Kennedy's
bill authorizing the Interstate
Commerce Com-Assion to hand
down binding rulings on the job-
reducing work rules. They would
be effective during a two-year per-
iod unless supplanted by a nego-
tiated agreement.
The new bill almost immediately
drew fire from the carriers.
Wolfe Opposed
At a night hearing of the Sen-
ate Commerce Committee, J. E.
Wolfe, the railroads' chief nego-
tiator, said the railroads "cannot
support and must oppose" the pro-
posal because it "would merely de-
lay the final disposition of the dis-
pute."
Joining Engle initially in spon-
soring the substitute, which would
temporarily get Congress out of an
increasingly uncomfortable posi-
tion, were Sens. Ralph W. Yarbor-
ough (D-Tex), Vance Hartke (D-
Ind), and E. L. Bartlett (D-Alas-
ka). Engle later announced that
Sen. Howard W. Cannon (D-Nev)
had joined as a sponsor. It was
not immediately clear how much
additional support the five might
pick up.

White House Names
Test Ban Delegation
WASHINGTON (A)-Secretary of State Dean Rusk will leave for
Moscow tomorrow to sign the new nuclear test ban treaty.
He will be accompanied by a bipartisan 10-man delegation includ-
ing five senators.
The formal ceremony is expected to be held Monday.
The White House, announcing this, picked as senatorial delegates:
Democrats J. W. Fulbright of Arkansas, chairman of the Foreign
Relations Committee; Hubert Humphrey, Minnesota, chairman of the
foreign relations subcommittee on<- -
disarmament; John 0. Pastore,
Rhode Island, chairman of the Asian Chiefs
and Republicans Leverett Salton-
stall, Massachusetts, top Repub- e ar A ccord
lican on the Armed Services Com-
mittee, and George Aiken, Ver-

mont, a ranking GOPmember of
the foreign relations and disarm-
ament groups.
Two Missing
Notably missing were Sens.
Everett M. Dirksen of Illinois, the
Senate GOP leader, and Bourke B.
Hickenlooper of' Iowa, senior Re-.
publican on the Foreign Relations
Committee.
Their omission was not unex-
pected as both had indicated they
did not want to go and have an
open position on the treaty. But it
underscored the probability the
level of the Republican represen-
tatives had fallen below adminis-
tration desires.-
Also missing was Mike Mansfield
of Montana, the Senate's Demo-
cratic leader. A White House
source said it was felt both Mans-
field and Dirksen were needed
here because of the Senate's work.
load.1
Too Much Legislation
Mansfield later told the Senate
it would be "inappropriate" for
him or Dirksen to go because of7
"A great backlog of legislation."
White House Press Secretary3
Pierre Salinw r told newsmen a
definite da' a for the signing has
not been set. But U Thant, secre-
tary-general of the United Nations,.
said at his headquarters Tuesday
night he would be in Moscow Mon-t
day for the event.
Salinger said it is not yet known
how long the delegates will remain
in Moscow. Rusk, however, is ex-
pected to be there several days ex-
ploring various East-West issues
with the Soviets.J
Besides the senators, Rusk's par-
ty will include United States dis-
armament chief William C. Foster,
Atomic Energy Commission Chair-
man Glenn Seaborg, UN Ambassa-
dor Adlai Stevenson, East-West af-
fairs adviser Llewellyn Thompson
and Arthur Dean, former United
States disarmament negotiator. 4
One influential Republican, Sen.E
Barry Goldwater of Arizona, told
a reporter he has an open mind,
on the treaty but expressed reser-
vations. He said his mail is run-3
ning 60 to 40 against ratification.
Undersecretary of State W. Aver-
rell Harriman initialed the new1
treaty with the Soviet Union and
Great Britain in Moscow last;
Thursday.:

SEN. CLAIR ENGLE
... solution or compulsion

MANILA (IP)-Government chiefs
of Indonesia, the Philippines and
Malaya got their summit meeting
off to a flying start yesterday and
virtually assured peaceful agree-
ment to foundation of the dis-
puted Federation of Malaya.
Indonesian President Sukarno,
Malayan Prime Minister Tunku
Abdul Rahman and Philippine
President Diosdado Macapagal sat
down at the first closed session in
a cordial atmosphere. Three hours
later, they announced approval of
a report by their foreign minis-
ters on a formula to solve the Ma-
laysia question and forge harmony
among the three states of Malay
origin.
They decided to ask United Na-
tions Secretary-General U Thant
to "ascertain the wishes" of the
people of North Borneo and Sara-
wak. These territories, together
with Malaya and Singapore, are
to form the Malaysia Federation
Aug. 31.
Borneo Issue
The question of self-determina-
tion for the Borneo peoples earlier
had threatened to wreck the sum-
mit before it even got under way.
Indonesia and Malaya had dis-
agreed over interpretation of the
formula, and Sukarno revived the
cold war with Malaya.
A communique. on the subject
did not say whether Malayasia
would be postponed to allow suf-
ficient time for the opinion samp-
ling in the Borneo territories. Ma-
laya has vowed it would not delay
the federation's formation beyond
Aug. 31.';
Indonesian sources said the de-
velopments did not necessarily
mean they had surrendered their
demands for a referendum. But
they argeed the opinion sampling
would be left to U Thant.
Close Cooperation
The communique reaffirmed the
determination of the three lead-
ers to "establish the closest co-
operation" among their countries.
Approval of the foreign ministers
report, hammered out at a Manila
meeting last month, also paved the
way for eventual establishment of
a Malayan confederation and for
the three nations to assume joint
responsibility for the stability and
security of their region against
subversion.
Their jubilance contrasted sharp-
ly with reports from Jakarta that
the Borneo people had been told
to prepare for general mobilization
in efforts to frustrate Malaysia.
Other reports spoke of organiza-
tions throughout 'Indonesia pledg-
ing support for Sukarno's policy of
"confrontation" against Malaya.

ERIC I LOUW
... domestic matter

UiN Scores
Segregation
UNITED NATIONS (-) - The
United Nations Security Council
slapped a limited arms embargo
yesterday on Portugal and urgent-
ly requested that NATO nation to
take immediate steps toward
granting freedom to its African
territories.
By an 8-0 vote, with three ab-
stentions, the 11-nation council
approved an amended resolution
supported by 32 African nations.
The abstainers were the big
three NATO allies of Portugal-
the United States, Britain and
France.
Then the council turned its at-
tention to racial segregation pol-
icies (apartheid) in South Africa.,
The council was requested by the
Africannations to take up both
the Portuguese territories and the
racial segregation issue when it
convened nine days ago.
Immediately, S o u t h Africa
served notice it wouldhnot take
part in the debate on what it con-
tends is a domestic matter.
A message from South African
Foreign Minister Eric Louw read
to the council denied the African
contention that his country's
white supremacy policy is threat-
ening world peace.
Louw said it was the African
nations who are-'planning and fi-
nancing the training of military
units in "sabotage and guerrilla
war tactics for use in South Af-
rica."
He described the African move
in the council as "an ill-judged
and unjust attack.".
Dr. John Karefa-Smart, for-
eign minister of Sierra Leone, led
off the attack in the council on
the regime of Prime Minister
Hendrik Verwoerd. He demanded
that the council impose an em-
bargo on arms and oil shipments
to South Africa, as recommended
by a UN special committee in-
vestigating racial segregation in
that country.
Thecdecision on Portugal was
taken at a morning session where
Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson
declared after the vote that the
United States agreed with much
of the substance of the approved
resolution, but objected to some of
its language.

To0 Conform
To New Law-
Requirement
Changes To Smooth
Transition from Old
To New Constitution
By The Associated Press
LANSING-The extension of the
terms of most current state and
county elected officials-including'
the Regents-was proposed yester-
day by Rep. Russell Strange (R-
Clare) to make a smooth transi-
tion from the old state constitu-
tion to the new one.
Strange, chairman of a joint-
House-Senate committee studying
the revision of state law to con-
form with the new constitution,
indicated that the elimination of
spring elections and the require-
ment for staggered court terms
makes. the extension a necessity.
The terms of incumbant Re-
gents, the Wayne State Univer
sity Board of Governorsand the
Michigan State University Board
of Trustees would be extended a
year under the Strange plan.
Spring Elections
Currently, the Regents are elect-
ed in the spring of odd-numbered
years and take their seats the
following January. The terms of
the current board range from
Jan. 1, 1966 to Jan. 1, 1972 ex-
piration dates. The added year
would allow these officials to be
elected in November of an even
numbered year, like the governor,
and take their seats the following
January-an odd numbered year.
Others that would benefit from
an added year in office would be
state Supreme and circuit court
judges. Members of the state
Board of Education would get 18
extra months.
To provide for staggered circuit
court and appellate court terms in
districts with more than one judge,
Strange proposes that "one-shot"
eight and 10 years be established
for judges elected next year and
in 1966.
Six-Year Minimum
Under the new constitution,
judges cannot run for less than
six year terms. The new document
also requires staggered terms for
both circuit and appellate judges.
"Therefore," Strange said, "three
appellate judges will run for six-
year terms, three for eight-year
terms and three for 10-year terms.
"In two-judge circuits, one will
run for six years, the other for
eight. If there were three judges,
the third would seek a 10-year
term," he continued.
Term Extended
Township officials terms would
be also be extended from two to
four years. The new constitution
did not intend that both county
and township officials be elected
in the same year, Strange said, so
township terms must be stretched.
Electing both would "make an
unwieldy ballot and we're left
with the out of extending the
county officials so they can run
in the gubernatorial election year,"
hae explained.
Sen. William Leppien (R-Sagi-
naw), a committee member and
a constitutional convention dele-
gate, backed up Strange's asser-
tion saying this division of offices
was the convention's intent.
Strange predicted that his pro-
posals would have rough sledding
because "a lot of county officials
could run against their legislators
next year without having any-
thing to lose since they know
they can keep their county job if
they get beaten."

Abolish Job
Meanwhile, a sub-committee has
suggested that the Legislature
abolish the job of, Highway Com-
missioner John C. Mackie. The
new constitution creates a four-
man appointive highway commis-
sion to replace the commissioner's
job.
Mackie, a foe of the new docu-
ment, called the proposal a rather
blatant political move."
Sen. Garry Brown (R-School-
craft), subcommittee ' chairman,
explained that if the Legislature

Defense Chief
Tells Germans
U.S. To Stay
BONN ()P) - Defense Secretary
Robert S. McNamara was reported
to have assured West- German
leaders yesterday the United States
plans no reduction of its military
effort in Europe in view of the lim-
ited test ban accord with Britain
and the Soviet Union.
Informed sources said there was
no discussion of possible American
troop withdrawals from Europe in
McNamara's talks with leading
figures of the West German gov-
ernment.
McNamara and West German
Defense Minister Kai-Uwe Von
Hassel conferred on strategy and
weapons research within the North'
Atlantic Treaty Organization. Gen.
Friedrich Foertsch, West Ger-
many's top soldier, joined them..
McNamara later called on Chan-'
cellor Konrad Adenauer, who is to
step down in the fall, and Ad9-
nauer's scheduled successor, Eco-
nomics Minister Ludwig Erhard.
One of McNamara's main jobs
was to discuss the agreement under
which West Germany spends up to
$700 million a year on military
goods and services in the United
States.
NEWMAN CLUB L

The suit in fed
asked that the c
to register imme
groes who had
County officials
department refu
vantage of the c
waive a one-yea:
and re-examine
claims discrimina
Henry Steeger
president of the
said in Los Ang
militancy will in
violence and bloo
unless promises r
groes are kept.
ECTURE:

eral district court
ounty be ordered
diately 2,000 Ne-
been rejected.
said the justice
sed to take ad-
county's offer to
r waiting period
anyone who
ation.
of New York,
Urban League,
geles that Negro
crease and more
dshed will result
made to the Ne-

world News Roundup.
By The Associated Press
NEW DELHI-India :.has, expressed concern to Communist China
over the deployment of Chinese troops in Tibet on India's northern bor-
der, an Indian spokesman said yesterday.
Peking, meanwhile, has protested that Indian armed personnel
recently crossed into Tibet from the North-East Frontier Agency.
MOSCOW-A top level Indian government delegation has made
good progress in negotiating for Soviet military equipment, diplomatic
tsources said yesterday. The delega-

New Tension in Korea

Pop Defines Byzantine Rites

By VAUGHN WALKER
Rev. George Pop, pastor of St. John the Baptist Catholic Church
(Romanian Byzantine rite), speaking at the Newman Club summer
lecture series, said that the basic difference between the Roman church
and the Byzantine church lies in the ritual of the mass.
Rev. Pop was speaking from the background of a Catholic who
observes the Byzantine rite and distinguished his church from the more
numerically powerful Orthodox churches. He noted that Roman Cath-

tion had been here two weeks.
MIAMI-Four men, one of them
identified as an agent of the Unit-
ed States Central Intelligence
Agency, . were executed by Fidel
Castro firing squads yesterday.
4 * *#
KABUL, Afghanistan-Premier
Mohammad Yousuf said yesterday
Afghanistar is ready to sign the
nuclear test ban treaty initialed
in Moscow last week. He told a
news conference the accord is an
example of how other problems
between the big powers could be
solved.

manamonummme

... ;::: ter:.: v ° .. ... .

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