See Page 4
Sixty-Eight Year~s of Editorial Freedom
. LXIX, No. 87
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 16, 1959
N WORLD REFORMS:
Mikoyan Reaffirms Desire
For New Summit Conference
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (Pi -
Anastas I. Mikoyan, Soviet First'
Deputy Premier, said yesterday his
country still wants a summit con-
ference on world problems and the
West cannot sidestep one forever.
Mikoyan, who will see Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles a
second time in Washington today,
expressed interest in Sec. Dulles'
statement that free elections were
not the only way to reunify Ger-
But he complained that Sec.
Dulles "did not come up with a
constructive alternative" to the
Soviet plan for confederation of
East and West Germany by mutual,
agreement, before or after a peace
Washington speculation had
been that Sec. Dulles' statement,
at a news conference Tuesday, was
a hint at a shift in the United
States line aimed to provoke Mi-
koyan's interest and a change in
the Soviet line,
The short, mustached Soviet
leader conceded. that the state-
ment was an interesting one. But
he added that the Soviet proposal
for confederation of East and West
Germany was excellent-"no one
has so far come up with a better
He answered questions for 40
minutes from among 290 repre-
sentatives of press, radio and tele-
vision on his first visit to United
Earlier, he spent 40 minutes in
a private talk with the UN's Swed-
ish Secretary General, Dag Ham-
marskjold, and then toured coun-
cil chambers and the General As-
sembly Hall with Hammarskjold
... wants conference
Castro Wants Friendship,
No Intervention from U.S.
HAVANA (P)-Rebel chief Fidel
Castro declared yesterday he
wants good relations with the
United States, but he warned
sternly against any United States
Intervention in Cuban affairs.
He said if United States Marines
were sent to this island nation
"200,000 Gringos will die."
Gringo is a term used by some
Latin Americans, often in a derog-
atory sense, for United States citi-
zens. About 12,000 live in Cuba.
Castro issued his warning first
in an informal gathering of 60 or
'70 persons as he left the Havana
Hilton Hotel on his way to address
the Havana Rotary Club. He re-!
peated it before the club but said
he had not realized he was talking
for publication when he made the
"I was talking to a group in the-
Cuban ieid Pngs
By The Associated Press
Havana Hotel," he told the Ro-
Castro did not elaborate on his
reference to United States Ma-
rines, but it 'presumably was
prompted by statements of some
United States congressmen that
the State Department should act
to halt the executions that have
followed the fall of Fulgencio Ba-
'Will Dig Trenches'
"If the United States comes
here," Castro declared, "we will
make trenches in the streets.
"We want good relations with
the United States-yes. But sub-
The rebel leader also said he had
been called a Communist and de-
"I'm not a Communist. They
call anyone a Communist who is
not sold to the Americans . . . I
do not sell to the Americans nor
do I receive orders from the Amer-
Referring to the executions,
Castro said "here no innocent per-
son will be punished." He pledged
all prisoners would be judged
within the law and all executions
would be carried out under the
"It is incredible the number of
murders these (Batista) men have
committed," Castro said. "We
don't ever want this to return."
Hands Of f
WASHINGTON (R)- The State
Department held to a policy of
non-intervention yesterday in the
face of congressional demands for
United States action to stop wide-
scale executions in Cuba.
"We are not going to intervene
in what is essentially Cuba's af-
fairs," Asst. Secretary of State Roy
The official, who is in charge of
Latin American affairs, discussed
the situation briefly just before he
went behind closed doors for quiz-
zing by a House Foreign Affairs
subcommittee. The Senators
wanted to know what might be
done toward calling a halt to the
wave of death sentences carried
out by the rebel forces under Fidel
Castro against persons accused of
crimes under the ousted Batista
While he ruled out any inter-
vention, Rubottom said that did
not exclude "constructive influ-
ence." He said that could be ap-
plied through normal diplomatic
Rep. Wayne Hays (D-Ohio) said
he was going to ask Rubottom
"what the State Department is
going to do about Castro before he
De Gaulle Pledges
PARIS () - President Charles
de Gaulle yesterday pledged a
political solutino for Algeria by
way of universal suffrage, but
only after peace returns to that
Premier Michel Debre amplified
de Gaulle's statement, denying
published reports that secret ne-
gotiations for a cease-fire have
begun. He declared de Gaulle's
offer of 1958 to the Algerian Na-
tionalists to come in and talk
things over is still open and no
other overture is contemplated.
Both addressed their words to
the new French National ,Assem-
bly, called into special session to
hear the government's plans for
the Fifth Republic.
Through this forum they were
obviously trying to persuade the
Nationalists that de Gaulle's
standing cease-fire offer is the
best settlement they can expect.
De Gaulle and Debre urged the
newly elected deputies to heal the
political divisions that wrecked
the Fourth Republic and consid-
er only the common good of all
The deputies will be asked to
give Debre an opening vote of con-
fidence on his program today.
The Socialists, with about 40
members in the new Assembly,
have already indicated they will
not heed the plea for a unified
They decided to vote against,
Debre because of their dislike for
financial measures that hit the
working class. The measures, de-
signed to save France's solvency,
cut deep into government subsi-
dies that kept down the cost of
food and many services.
De Gaulle's short speech was in
the nature of an inspirational
message to a parliament whose1
powers have been sharply reduced
by the new constitution.
The President declared that the
future of France's greatness could
be realized only by a program of
vigorous action in all fields. He<
then listed the fields one by one.
Prof. Henry Bretton of the poli-
tical science department denied
last night that he had a wrong
idea of the form of Ann Arbor
city government, as Cecil Creal, a
Republican candidate for mayo,
"I know that the city has aI
government and not. a city man-I
ager form," Prof. Bretton said.I
"All I am saying is that Creal isp
misinterpreting that relationship1
as now laid down in the presents
Prof. Bretton is a member of
the campaign committee of Dr.I
Frederik House, the other Repub-x
lican candidate for mayor. T
'U' Could Resume
By LANE VANDERSLICE
A definite brightening of the
University's financial condition
was seen by Vice-President in
Charge of Business and Finance
Wilbur K. Pierpont last night if
the Legislature adopts Gov. G.
Mennen Williams' plan to mort-
gage the Veterans trust fund.
Pierpont said that any plan
which provides the University with
the major amount of the money
owed the University by the state
would permit the University to
resume business-like operations.
Earlier in the month, Pierpont
had said that the University
would be hampered if no money
was forthcoming from the state
by losing cash discounts, having
to pay interest on the money bor-
rowed, and having to buy supplies
in smaller, more expensive lots.
The plan would also permit the
University to borrow money for
the rest of the year without using
student fees as collateral.
The University had been noti-
fied of a similar proposal prior to
today's plan presented to the
Legislature by Gov. Williams, Pier-
Pierpont discussed the plan with
S t a t e A t t o r n e y General Paul
Adams and a state financial offi-
cial in Lansing.
Provides $20 Million
The plan discussed there would
have provided the balance of the
money owed the 'University - $20
million - and the $17 million
owed Michigan State.
The present plan provides for
only $30 million dollars which
would presumably be allocated
proportionally to the two univer-
The University has been obtain-
ing financial and legal advice on
the basis of the old plan, and will
continue to consult on the basis
of the new plan, Pierpont said.
Governor G. Mennen Williams'
proposal will be discussed at the
Regents meeting today University
President Harlan Hatcher said
last night. He doubted if the Re-
gents would pass any formal reso-i
lution in support of the proposal,i
as adoption of the proposal by the
Legislature is not definite.
Yesterday, the State Board of
Agriculture, the MSU governing
board approved Gov. Williams'
Richard J. Lund stated yester-
day that "the assets and resources
of the Great Lakes states offer a
matchless opportunity for future,
growth," in the keynote speech
before the Great Lakes States In-
d u s t r i a 1 Development Council
which ends its three-day meeting
But the Assistant Director of
the Battelle Memorial Institute
said that "competition from other
regions makes it imperative that
all concerned with industrial de-
velopment of the region use every
tool within their power to do a
really effective job of protecting,
promoting, and publicizing not
just the assets of their own town,
city, or state, but those of the en-
tire Great Lakes States industrial
Lund compared six key "re-
sources" of the Great Lakes region
with those of the mid-Atlantic,
Pacific, New England, and West
South Central regions.
As of 1955, the total popula-
tion in the Great Lakes area was
greater than in any other region
and the most important asset of a
section is its human resources ac-
cording to Lund.
He added that in the production
of electrical energy, in the value
of farm products sold, and in re-
tail sales the Great Lakes region
commands a lead. While the area's
mineral resources are not as com-
To Give Talk
"From Shakespeare to Saroyan"
will be the subject for Eddie Dowl-
ing, who will speak at 8:30 p.m.
today in Hill. Aud.
Sponsored by the University
Lecture Series, Dowlingnhas per-
formed in vaudeville, musical
comedy and drama and is re-
garded as one of the all-time
greats of show business.
Portions from "Richard II,"
"Hamlet," "The Glass Menagerie,"
"Time of Your Life," "Shadow
and Substance" and "The Iceman
Cometh" will be included on the
program in addition to "Here
Come the Clowns" and "Angel in
Equally well-known as a pro-
ducer, director and playwright,
Dowling's productions have won
four New York Drama Critics'
Circle Awards and two Pulitzer
prehensive as other sections, they
do comprise the basic industrial
materials and are abundant
enough to last for many years.
"Finally, and perhaps most im-
portant of all, is the geographic
location of the Great Lakes region
-in the very heartland of the rich
industrial and consumer markets
of northeastern America," de-
In summing up the industrial
record of this area, he stated that
it has been outstanding but there
has been overemphasis on durable
LANSING (P)--Majority Repub-
licans lowered the boom on Demo-
crats yesterday as the Senate
adopted ground rules for the 1959
In angry debate, Democrats cried
"dictatorship" and "gag rule."
Three of their number vowed to
boycott committee assignments in
To tighten its control, the GOP
majority's main step was to boot
one Democratic member off each
of 15 standing committees, the
units that screen bills and more
often than not decide their fate.
Republicans voted to reduce the
size of standard committees from
five to six members, while retain-
ing all their own seats. And they
made it easier by changing another
rule for the majority always to
Uder the old rules, a two-thirds
vote was required for certain par-
liamentary moves-one more than
the 22 Republicans possess. The
requirement was lowered to 21.
Sen. L. Harvey Lodge (R-Dray-
ton Plains) said that Republicans
wanted authority commensurate
with the responsibility their party
will bear with a Democratic gov-
ernor and an equally divided house.
"Politics are practical. We all
know that," Lodge said. "The
Democrats in the United States
Senate and House, with Sen. Lyn-
don Johnson (D-Tex.) and speaker
Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.) showing
the way, have taken over in away;
more dictatorial than anything
GREAT LAKES STATES:
Lund Says Resour
Of fer Growth Pot4
Williams Seeks Mortgage
Of Veterans' Trust
Protests against the mounting
xecutions in Cuba echoed through
atin America yesterday.
At least one government was
ported moving to intercede with
'bel leader Fidel Castro, while a
grade of newspapers leveled
asts against his firing squads,
Informants close to the Argen-
ne government said the Ministry
Foreign Relations has instruct-
I its ambassador in Cuba to
ake "friendly gestures in an ef-
rt to stop the executions."
El Nacional, a newspaper which
ually reflects the views of the
inistry, said in Buenos Aires
Lat "Cuba deserves a better fate."
In Rio de Janeiro, Sen. Lima
eixeira of Brazil's Labor Party
ld the Senate that the Cuban
:ecutions were making martyrs
the defeated army men.
Msgr. Carlos Borgey Castrillo,
ixiliary Bishop of Managua, Ni-
ragua, condemned the execu-
ons. He told the newspaper Nove-
des "the revolution of Castro
stained with the blood of his
Lima's newspaper El Comercio
'ged the Cuban provisional gov-
nment to stop "the bloody purge
iderway in that country."
In Quito, the Ecuadorian paper
Comercio said the Cuban exe-
tions have caused anxiety
roughout the American con-
"It is painful to know that the
eatness of the Rebel victory is
oodied and darkened," the edi-
Jean Langlais, composer and
ganist from the Bastilica of Ste.
otilde ,in Paris, will perform at
5 p.m. today in Hill Aud.
His concert will include Bach's
ugue in E Flat," "Les Mages"
Massiaen and "Rhythmic
Umpet" by Seth Bingham.
'Finale from First Symphony"
Louis Vierne and "Commun-I
i de las Nativite de la Sainte
erge" by Charle rwrnenirp
Governor Calls Action
Of Coming Program
LANSING OP)-Gov. G. Mennen
Williams proposed to mortgage the
50-million-dollar Veterans Trust
Fund yesterday .under an intri-
cately devised plan to tide the
state over an imminent financial
Gov. Williams, addressing a
joint session of the House and
Senate, submitted the proposal as
the first installment of a plan to
take care of a cash shortage he
said might soar to 135 million
dollars by May 1.
Even this, he said, "will not put
us on easy street." He pledged to
meet the long-range problem of
new taxes "head on," but In a
later message to the lawmakers,
Need Swift Action
Unless the Legislature takes
swift action to relieve the money
shortage, the governor said, state
employes will face payless paydays
and welfare payments will be de-
Tapping the Veterans Trust
Fund, set up in 1943 to assist
needy veterans, was suggested as
a means of raising quick cash,
Gov. Williams came out against
outright liquidation of the trust.
fund. He called instead for tem-
porary transfer of securities in the
funds to bail the state's biggest
universities and the school aid
fund out of immediate money
Ultimately, he said, the fund
should revert to its present status,
but he didn't say when.
Fiist, the governor proposed to
permit the University and Michi-
gan State University to make tem-
porary use of perhaps 30 million
dollars on Veterans Trust Fund
securities. The twoschools, both
In serious financial trouble, would
be empowered to put up the bonds
as collateral for loans and to apply
interest from the bonds against
He also asked legislators to
1) Transfer of 16 million dollars
in fund securities to the public
school employes retirement fund,
thus freeing that amount of school
aid fund income in the months
ahead for hard-pressed local school
2) Appropriation from the sttes
general fund of $1,100,000 a year
to the Veterans Trust Fund to
make up for temporary loss of
interest normally collected by the
3) Returning the mortgaged se-
curities to the trust fund "over a
period of years,"
From Republican legislators,
who control both the House and
Senate, came reaction varying
from outright rejection to out-
Rep. Allison Green (R-Klngs..
ton), GOP floor leader in the
House, and Sen. Clyde Geerlings
(R-Holland) labeled the plan a
"raid" on the fund.
"I don't believe the veterans of
Michigan are anxious to sacrifice
their fund to bail the Democratic
governor out of the fiscal mire
into which Michigan has drifted
under his administration," Green
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO -- Communist China will be voted into United
Nations membership "in a very short time," Dr. Charles Malik, United
Nations General Assembly President, said last night.
Malik, Lebanon's UN delegate, told a news conference the United
States may be able to block Red China's admission to the UN for
one more year.
* * *
LONDON-The Soviet government said yesterday production
moved ahead in the U.S.S.R. during 1958, with output boosted in
everything from TV sets to "7
A survey Issued by the govern-
ment's central statistical board
was broadcast by Radio Moscow.
Industrial production, the survey
said, was uip 10 per cent over 1957.
* * *
ELGIN AIR FORCE BASE, Fla.
--A Bomarc guided missile.
launched from a new test center
yesterday scored a direct hit on
a jet drone flying 87 miles out over
the Gulf of Mexico.
The unqualified success of the
test mission was announced by
the Air Force after the 47-foot in-
terceptor missile roared off from
a launching shelter at nearby
Santa Rosa Island,
This was the first launching
from the multi-million dollar cen-
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia -
"Borba" the Communist party
newspaper, yesterday accused So-
viet Deputy Premier Anastas I.
Mikoyan of attempted "ugly slan-
der" of Yugoslavia during his visit
in the United States.
"Borba" said Mikoyan "ridi-
culed American aid to Yugoslavia
at a Los Angeles dinner and said
the Yugoslavs have duped the,
EASTBELT BYPASS ON REVIEW:
State To Hold Hearing on Highway Problem
- . . . . . . . . . . . -.-
By THOMAS TURNER
The State Highway Department is holding a public hearing this
morning on the long-debated Eastbelt Bypass of US-23 around Ann
Arbor, and it promises ,to be a lively affair.
The hearing is set for 10 a.m. in the Frieze Building, and will
begin with state hearing engineer Joseph Wilbur's presentation of
state plans for the highway and explanation of details such as con-
Pro and con statements from those present are expected to
follow, with at least one organization presenting a detailed
case against the Eastbelt as---
Cost $9 Million
The bypass was described last
month by Highway Commissioner
John C. Mackie, who gave an es-
timate of $9 million for the 9.2
The Eastbelt would link US-23
southeast of Ann Arbor with US-
23 north of the city, eliminating
need for through traffic in Ann
Arbor proper. It would be part of
a projected superhighway from
the Ohio line to Sault Ste. Marie.
The Eastbelt itself is planned
Earlier layouts of the route had
bisected North Campus and the
golf course, and passed through
an expensive residential area. The
city had been placated by the
promised settlement, the Univer-
sity Regents had agreed to provide
right-of-way, but homeowners had
protested strongly, and state en-
gineers had admitted unsureness
how the road would tie into ex-
isting state highways so Mackie
ordered re-study of the plan.
& ---~ m_.. "
connect US-23 west of the city to
US-23 north could divert US-23
trafic around the city.
ThemNorthbelt could handle the
load only a few years, after which
the Eastbelt would have to be built
anyway, according to Mackie.
In addition, -according to
Mackie, east-west and north-south
traffic would be dangerously
But Lauren Hunter, spokesman
for the property-owners group,
said last night the Northbelt could
carry US-12 and US-23 traffic un-
til 1978, "according to the high-
The property-owners group, ac-
cording to Hunter who lives on
Geddes Rd. in the area in ques-
tion, has "no organized support"
from those other than property
owners on the east side of Ann
Arbor. Many Ann Arborites feel
The Regents will discuss the
Sigma Kappa case at their meet-
' . .: .k. s