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Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
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VOL "IX, No. 79
Urrutia Calls Off Martial Law
In Havana; Takes Over Palae i
Prop1Vose Merger of 11,' Wayne
Castro Refuses Cabinet Position
To Be Army Commander-in-Chief
HAVANA (P) - Provisional President Manuel Urrutia took over
the presidential palace in the heart of Havana yesterday and imme-
diately called off an order putting Havana province under martial
Urrutia said the earlier proclamation by military commanders
was not necessary.
Urrutia came to Havana after flying to Camaguey for a talk with
Castro, who is coming to this capital in a triumphal caravan through
Castro Declines Cabinet Post
The provisional president said Castro had refused to accept a
cabinet post. He said the rebel chief, who toppled the government
of President Fulgencio Batista after 25 months of Guerilla fighting in
easternmost Oriente Province, would be commander-in-chief of the
Urrutia told newsmen in Camaguey that Castro - now the man
of the hour in Cuba - prefers to watch developments instead of
taking an active post in the cabinet.
Urrutia "Promotes" Castro
Urrutia had announced at his official swearing-in ceremonies in
Santiago that Castro would be his "delegate" to the armed forces,
but only yesterday did he declare Castro commander-in-chief.
Declaring that Castro's goal of free elections in Cuba would be
be realized within 18 months to two years, Urrutia also said he will
not allow gambling in Cuba.
This probably sounds the death knell for American operators of
Havana's plush gambling casinos, who had been doing a multi-million
dollar business during the Batista regime.
New Budget for Defense
WASHINGTON (3)-The Eisenhower Administration sketched
out a $40,900,000,000 defense budget today for leaders of the new
There was mention, too, of a timetable for rocketing a man to
The reaction to the spending plans was less than enthusiastic.
Some key Democrats challenged the space and missile financing as
Road in 59
By THOMAS TURNER
A $615,000 highway linking
North Campus with Main Campus
is one of 25 major street projects
approved for engineering this year
by the City Council last night.
Engineering for the highway
would be completed by 1959, ac-
cording to City Administrator Guy
C. Larcom's report, but construc-
tion would take place in 1960 or
'61 under University-city-state
financial arrangement as yet un-
Also prominent on the priority
list of street projects are widening
of State Street along Ferry Field
and of William from Fourth Ave-
nue to State and from First to
Main. Both of these projects will
probably necessitate removal of
trees, city engineers conceded.
Lose Few Trees
On William, they said, only
few trees would be lost by widen-
ing from 34 to 42 feet at is plan-
ned: the extent of State Street
widening would depend on the
number of trees jeopardized.
The Council approved the 25-
project priority list with only one
dissenting vote, that of Council-
man'George Keebler, Fourth Ward
Republican. Keebler had offered a
substitute motion striking all pro-
jects pertaining to Urban Renewal.
It was not seconded.
Burns' Motion Passed
Then a second motion by Fifth
Ward Republican Russell J. Burns,
calling for a list next week from
Larcom of projects on which con-
struction could be completed in'
1959 under available tax funds,
These funds total between four
and five hundred thousand dollars,
the mayor, Prof. Samuel J. Elders-
veld of the political science de-
partment, pointed out.
On Way Home
Irene H. Rudin, '60, was killed
by an unidentified hit-anq-run
too small. Nor did Republican Con-
gressional leaders organize any
cheering section as they marched
out of a 2%/-hour conference with
President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
No Immediate Boost
There was no sign that Russia's
blasting of a satellite toward orbit
around the sun would result in
any immediate monetary shot in
the arm for the American space
Rather, indications developed
that the heavily Democratic Con-
gress convening tomorrow may
write its own ticket in the months
ahead on funds for defense and
allied operations. President Eisen-
hower's figure is up only 100 mil-
lions over this year.
Sen. Lyndon Johnson (D-Tex.),
the majority leader, said that "it is
my judgment that we should be
going farther, faster in our mili-
tary preparations and in our space
program. And I do feel deeply con-
cerned and hope that we will ag-
gressively expedite these programs
as soon as possible, particularly
with our fplanes and missiles."
House Speaker Sam Rayburn,
another Texas Demdcrat, said that
"We'll decide what to do" after
Eisenhower presents his state of
the union and budget message to
The bipartisan meeting was de-
signed to give key legislators a
preview ofthe defense and foreign
affairs phases of the President's
State of the Union message and
his 77 - billion - dollar budget in
advance of the opening of Con-
... new Cuban army leader 1
WASHINGTON (o') - Soviet
Deputy Premier Anastas I. Mi-
koyan met yesterday with Secre-
tary of State John Foster Dulles
and said afterward he would con-
fer in two weeks with President
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Mikoyan was desieged by per-
haps 100 newsmen as he emerged
from a one hour 35 minute session
with Dulles. He told the reporter
he and Dulles held "a preliminary
discussion in general terms" of all
cold war differences.
"We discussed a variety of sub-
Jects of common interest, includ-
ing Berlin, Germany, disarmament
and trade," the 63-year-old Krem-
lin chieftain said.
But Mikoyan pointedly avoided
saying, under questioning, whether
he felt United States-Soviet rela-
tions were improved as a result of
his talk with Dulles.
"They should improve," he said,
"I am an optomist. We had a
useful exchange, I am an am-
bassador in general. There will be
peace. There will be peace."
Mikoyan told reporters he in-
tends to talk again to Dulles.
Visit to Detroit
DETROIT (A)-Detroit will roll
out the red carpet Thursday and
Friday for Anastas Mikoyan, First
Deputy Premier of Soviet Russia.
Walker L. Cisler, president of a
Detroit firm, and in charge of
arrangements for the visit, said
Mikoyan probably would tour at
least one auto factory and River
Rouge Power Plant of an electric
A reception and dinner also were
scheciuled for the Russian visitor.
Mikoyan will arrive in Detroit
from Cleveland Thursday, remain
overnight and fly to Chicago Fri-
Spokesmen for Detroit anti-
Communist groups were provoked
by news of Mikoyan's forthcoming
It was reliably reported last
night that President Clarence E.
Hilberry of Wayne State Univer-
sity has proposed that Wayne and
the University be consolidated as
coordinate bodies under a single
governing board, which would be
the Regents of the University.
The proposal was made at last
night's meeting of the Governing
Board of Wayne Stae.
The Board was reported not to
have taken any definite action on
the suggested merger.
It was further reported that Hil-
berry said he would take the pro-
posal up with other groups con-
cerned, including Wayne's faculty,
probably in the near future.
The question of consolidation ofr
the tw universities reportedly
arose f: om the fact that Wayne's,
entire Board of Governors will be
changed in the coming election, as
no incumbents are running for re-
election this year, leaving Wayne
with a totally inexperienced and
therefore inefficient Board.
There is further concern with
Wayne's lack of state constitu-
tional status. This status is now
enjoyed by the University, and
Wayne would gain financial and
administrative advantage from the
Regent Eugene B. Power of Ann
Arbor said "The Regents have
taken no action on this matter.
Any decision which is made would
be based upon what is best for
highe education in the state."
Regent Donald L. Thurber of
Grosse Point commented "At
present the Regents have no for-
mal proposal of this nature before
them. When and if it comes it will
certainly be studied with an open
mind, with a view to the best
interests of higher education in
By The Associated Press
An arctic coldwave struck Michi-
gan over the weekend claiming at
least four lives and bringing much
of the state its coldest tempera-
tures in months.
The weatherman said some
moderation in the cold wave can
be expected today.
Temperatures early yesterday
dropped below zero in most upper
Temperatures also fell below
zero in lower Michigan which also
was hit by snow.
Detroit reported an early morn-
ing low of one above-the coldest
in the Motor City since Feb. 17 of
The worst cold wave of the
season gave the eastern seaboard
a wintry cuffing yesterday and
locked two-thirds of the nation
in a vast area of numbing cold.
Across the nation, the first
major storm of the winter lashed
northern California. Gales, rain
and heavy snow pounded the area.
Howling northwest winds up to
70 miles an hour powered the polar
invasion of the East.
To A sk for $ 3Milo
Northwestern Tops 1M' Cagers, 83-78
By JIM BENAGH
Explosive Northwestern dyna-
mited Michigan's hopes for a
major basketball upset last night,
83-7'8, as its second-half shooting
percentage of 76.0 bewilderedthe
Wolverine quintet and a crowd of
7,500 at Yost Field House.
The Wildcats in expanding their
win streak to eight games, see-
sawed with determined Michigan
in a hectic first half-the lead
was tied or changed some 21 times
-then fought off a late rally in'
the waning minutes.
Northwestern is ranked eighth
nationally by the Associated Press.
An altered offense, a red-hot
Wildcat forward and Michigan's
mid-game offensive cold spell com-
bined to give Northwestern a lead
it never lost in the second half.
Coach Bill Rohr of the winners
decided in favor of what he called
"an individual game" in the second
stanza., In this attack players try
to work the ball for their own
shots instead of setting up team
plays, he explained.
The change worked well, mainly
because of the sparkling front-
court play of Willie Jones, a junior,
who found holes in the Michigan
defense and hit for 16 second-half
points. He had 26 points for the
night as he connected on 10 of 13
field goal attempts.
Nick Mantis, a Wildcat guard,
also joined Jones in making the
modified attack a success and fin-
ished the evening with a 23-point
total. He had 10 of 15 from the
Little Scoring Support
Hapless Michigan couldn't find
any scoring support for M. C. Bur-
ton in the early second half. The
big forward-who scored 24 before
fouling out - hit for 10 points
while his teammates could get only
See WILDCATS, page 6
Doan To Retire'
As U' Regent
State Republican Party officials
announced last weekend that Re-
gent Leland 1. Doan is not ex-
pected to seek reelection to that
His eight-year term ends Dec.
31. A candidate to replace Regent
Doan in the spring elections will
be named at the GOP state con-
vention next month.
Regent Doan is currently vaca-
tioning in Mexico City, and will
make a statement when he returns
to his home in Midland next week.k
GET THAT BALL-Michigan stalwarts John Tidwell (43), M. C.
Burton (24) and George Lee monopolize the boards in last night's
83-78 loss to Northwestern.
RECOMMEND FEBRUARY DATE:
SGC -To Postpone
visit of Legislators
Student Government Council's plan to entertain key members of
the State legislature next week will have to be postponed, Bart Burk-
halter, '60, said yesterday.
Burkhalter, chairman of the Council's Education and Student
Welfare Committee, said he plans to recommend the legislators be
invited some time late in Feb-
Still Hope for State
To Resume Payments,
By ROBERT JUNKER
The University Is making ar
rangements to borrow $3 to $3.
million to pay faculty salaries
during January, Wilbur K. Pier-
pont, vice-president In charge o
business and finance said lasi
The University has already bor
rowed $500,000 to meet its De
cember payroll, he said
The loan, for which forthcomin
student fees will be pledged, ma
be made late in the month, bu'
there is still hope that the stati
will resume payments to the Un.
versity, Pierepont explained.
The state currently owes the
University $5.2 million and ha
announced no state money wil
be sent to the University, Michga
State or Wayne State universitiel
before March. Because of reduce
income the state cannot meet its
financial obligations, Gov. G. Men'
nan Williams said last week
blaming the state financial crisi
on the recession.
The University last week wai
forced to delay payments to it
creditors in order to hold $600,00
to $700,000 in its treasury fo
salary payments, Pierpont said.
The payments for supplies and
equipment purchased through th
University's general fund, wer
only stopped temporarily, he add
ed, and the possibility of paying
these debts will "have to be re-
viewed every week to see how the
cash is holding out."
Terming delayed payments t
creditors "a most inefficient wa
to do business," Pierpont said, "We
have no other choice since we have
practically exhausted our fund;
on hand. We hope to be able ti
pay off these debts when the state
resumes its payments to the Uni<
versity this spring.
"The University will lose east
discounts amounting to severa
thousand dollars, will have to pa
Interest on the money borrowed
and will have to buy materials
supplies and other items in small'
er, more expensive lots," he ex
Last week State Attorney Gen-
eral Paul L. Adams said the Uni
versity and MSU could borrov
funds by pledging student fee;
for the loans. MSU borrowed O1,
400,000 immediately to meet it
USU Vice-President and Treas
urer Philip J May said this was!
stop-gap measure and asked for
ruling on whether future staM
payments could be pledged fo
loans. The attorney general h
not yet ruled on this proposal'
MSU borrowed its $1.4 mifllit
on a six-month note at three pe
cent interest. Pierpont declined t
comment on the interest rate o
the University's loan.
He said the postponement was
the recommendation of University
President Harlan Hatcher and
Wilbur Pierpont, vice-president in
charge of business and finance.
Both the administrators thought
the plan was a "good deal," he
said. President Hatcher, he added,
was pleased with the idea of a
student organized tour.
The decision to postpone the
visit, reached shortly before the
Christmas vacation began, was
made because it was improbable
that any senators or represenatives
could get away from Lansing at
POLIO SYMPOSIUM OPENS:
National Foundation Launches March of Dimes
MOSCOW (A) - The Soviet cos-
mic rocket Mechta (Dream) lost
its voice yesterday on its plunge
toward an orbit around the sun.
Radio signals of the 1 %-ton
projectile faded out as it passed
the 370,960-mile mark and its
62nd hour aloft, in a headlong
dash from the Earth into man's
greatest conquest of space.
Svoiet scientists lost track of
Still on Course
But mute or not, they expect-
ed it to streak into a solar orbit
tomorrow or Thursday on a pear-
shaped course that possibly -
barely possibly - might one day
swing it back to earth.
It is due to enter an elliptical
course between the Earth and
Mars, they said, taking 15 months
to complete the swing around the
sun that the Earth completes in
The name Mechta (Dream) was
applied to the rocket yesterday by
the Communist Party newspaper
Tass announced depletion of
power killed the radio signals.
"The program of observations
and scientific investigations of
the rocket has been completed,"
the Soviet news agency said.
A symposium on the effective-
ness of the Salk polio vaccine and
the persistence of the immuity it
provides will be held from 9:30
to 11:30 a.m. today at Rackham
The program will feature Dr.
Jonas Salk, the discoverer of the
vaccine, and Dr. Thomas Francis,
Jr., who headed the important'
field trials to determine the vac-'
The meeting, entitled "The,
Status of Polio Vaccine and Vacci-
nations," is sponsored by the Epi-
demiology department, headed by
Dr. Salk will present a paper,
dealing with "Persistence of Im-
munity and Prospects for Increas-
ing Effectiveness of Vaccination."
By PHILIP POWER
The National Foundation's 1959 March of Dimes campaign was
launched last night at a kickoff dinner in the Union.
The drive, with a national goal of $65,000,000 was opened offi-
cially with an address by Basil O'Connor, president of the Foundation.
It is the first national fund-raising program undertaken since
the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis changed its name
to the National Foundation.
Foundation Broadens Goals
The change was made last July, when the Foundation decided, as
the Salk Polio vaccine was so effective, to attack arthritis and birth
defects as well as polio.
O'Connor spoke to a distinguished audience that included Gov.
G. Mennen Williams, University President Harlan Hatcher, Dr. Jonas
E. Salk, the discoverer of the polio vaccine, and Dr. Edward L. Tatum,
a recent Nobel Prize winner in medicine, and was presided over by
Paul Bagwell, state Ntaional Foundation Chairman.
In his talk, which was broadcast throughout the nation, O'Connor
called the expanded responsibilities of the National Foundation,
NEW YORK (A') - Ne
columnist Marie Torre er
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