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December 17, 1958 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1958-12-17

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t

&fy £id$igan BaiIs
Sixt y-Ninth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MicH. * Phone No 2-3241

hen Opinions Are Free
Truth Wtil Prevall"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the indii ideal opinions of staf writers
or the editors. This mzst be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS TURNER
Conservative Party
Politically Unrealistic
A RE-ALIGNMENT of present political par- recent election. While a political constituency
ties into liberal and conservative parties was may be in favor of less government spending
asked Saturday by Clarence Kelland, a former in the abstract, the conservative may often
Republican national committeeman from Ari- find that in taking the necessary steps - as
zona. perhaps voting against "pork-barrel" bills or
Kelland would have the Republican party federal subsidies to education - he seals his
and the Southern Democrats join forces to pro- political doom at home. ,
duce a new conservative party. This would A conservative may often agree with more
probably mean the transfer of "liberal" Re- liberal elements on the end to be achieved, but
publicans to the liberal party if they came to may disagree, for example, about the rate. Even
feel that the Republican party was no longer if the conservative makes clear that he is ac-
the place to fulfill their objectives, but Kelland tually in favor of integration, or what ever
seems to feel this transfer would be worth it. the general principal happens to be, the "too
little and too late" tag can still be applied to
The idea of a conservative party would cer- his actions, with often politically fatal results.
tainly be enticing to many conservatives. At The conservative position on many issues re-
last they would have a'banner to rally around quhescdistinctiostat areayth es e
and a party to fight for, instead of choosing quires distinctions that are at the same time
between Republican Tweedeldura and Demo- subtle and important, and which will not come
betweedRepulca Twacross in a national election.
cratic Tweedledee.
And with a civil rights battle very possible (ONSERVATIVE interests will best be served
at the next Democratic convention, the time [Aby maintaining the situation as it presently
could be ripe for such a move, especially if the exists, with conservatives from stable districts
ground is well prepared before hand, in control of many important posts, both in
Congress and in the parties themselves. Here
BUT THE CONSERVATIVE position as a they can exercise influence out of proportion
distinct political party would lie for the to their numbers, but not, conservatives would
most part an untenable one. Presumably, for maintain, out of proportion to their ability.
example, any conservative party would be in A liberal tide is running, and conservatives
favor of right-to-work laws, against the growth must adopt themselves to it as well as they
of Federal spending, and for a program of in- can. A new, unprotected, conservative party
tegration in the South that proceeds more would only be sweptaway by thistide. Kel-
slowly, land's idea is emotionally attractive for con-
Yet right-to-work laws have led good con- servatives, but politically unrealistic.
servatives into political massacre during the -LANE VANDERSLICE
No Cards or Respect

"le Asked, 'How About a Free Country?"'
GCAEMAN(
cfS CiE fE A T

THIRD PARTY?
Labor Movement
due for Change
By NORMAN WALKER
Associated Press Labor Writer
IlkSHINGTON-Suppose labor unions formed their own third political
party and the country came under control of a labor government.
Union leaders then would carry a dual responsibility - running the
government and running their labor organizations.
This woUld be bound to lead to conflicts between government and
labor aims, particularly'in the economic field.
As politicians, the leaders would be voted out of office should they
lean too much toward labor. As union leaders they'd become unpopular
with workers should they fail to flavor labor. American union chiefs

r

1I

TECHNICAL TRAINING:
Engineers Face Growing Dilemma

firmly believe this. They feel a
living example is what has hap-
pened in Great Britain. Labor
there constitutes one of the two
major political parties, yet unions
have fared none too well in achiev-
ing wage gains, at least as com-
pared to what has happened in
America, with labor unfettered by
governmental responsibility.
* * *
AFL-CIO PRESIDENT George
Meany said in a recent speech that
if labor is unable to achieve its
aims under the two party system
in this country, it reluctantly will
form its own party.
It's reasonable to believe Meany
was voicing more of a warning
than a promise. Union leaders feel
they had a lot, to do with electing
the big Democratic majorities in
the new Congress and the legisla-
tors should now give unions some
of their long-sought objectives.
They suspect the victorious Demo-
crats, feeling sure of labor's vote
in 1960, will turn consecutive to
try to win the non-labor vote as
well.
Here are some quotes from
Meany's speech:
"If labor has to go further than
it can through its committee on
political education to make Amer-
ica a better place. to work and live,
to make America the leader of the
democracies of the world, we will
take the, next step if it is forced
upon us. .
"I have always said we do -iot
want our own political party, but
if we have to do that to lick the
people who want to drag us back
to the past, we will start our own
political party and do a good job
of it."
WHEN THESE remarks were
quoted on front pages, nobody was
more surprised than Meany, who
had said the same thing a couple
of dozens of times in the last
several years.
But his words made news this
time because, since the Nov. 4
Democratic election gains in which
labor was credited with playing a
big part, there's been a public re-
appraisal of the nation's political
setup.
Republican and Democratic sen-
ators quickly criticized the idea of
a separate labor party. Like Walter
Reuther, an AFL-CIO vice-presi-
dent and head of the Auto Workers
Union, who is credited with being
perhaps the most politically power-
ful single American labor leader,
they said that formation of a
special-interest party would be un-
desirable and wrong.
* * .
LABOR THUS looks upon the
third party idea negatively frotn

two standpoints. One is that being
a majority or minority political
party would tend to cripple rather
than enhance its powers to achieve
partisan aims. The other is a be-
lief that the nation is better
guided by a distillation of popular
will rather than a labor attempt
to grab political initiative.
On the other hand, Meany also
said this: "Labor is going to be
just as political as it has to be to
win its objectives." This reflects a
growing assuredness within organ-
ized labor.
After all, labor unions have come
to prominence as a national factor
only in the last quarter century:
the movemnent is like a just-grown-
up pimply boy, unsure of what
the future will bring. Nobody can
be too sure labor won't eventually
form its own party.
There are two things about labor
politics of which the country can
be fairly sure in the next few years.
One is that it will expand whether
in a two or three-party system.
This seems to be obvious from
what has happened already.
* * *
ALSO, it is unlikely that Con-
gress will do much to curb union
political powers. Sen. Barry M.
Goldwater (R-Ariz.), frequent
critic of union political activities
and an advocate of restricting leg-
islation, said just the -ther day
that he has now abandoned the
idea of passing such laws.
Goldwater said he agreed with
Secretary of Labor JamesP. Mit-
chell, chief labor policy adviser
to President Eisennower, that en-
acting such legislation is- practi-
cally impossible without running
afoul of the constitutional free-
doms.
D1AILY
OFFICIAL/
BULLETiN
The Daily Official Bulletin Is A
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which Th@
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
RIoom 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1958
VOL. LXIX, NO. 75
General Notices
International Center Tea: Thurs., Dec.
18, 4,30-6:00 p.m. at the International
Center..,)
(Continued on Page 3)

MOST BEGINNING political science students
realize that a representative government
can't function efficiently without the respect
of its constituency. This quality of respect is
especially important to a body representing
college students because of its lack, of any
type of police power to enforce action.
The student government of a University has
only as much influence as it has respect from
the group it represents. It is their influence
that makes any significant action possible.
Student Government Council has often been
criticized for its lack of significant action in
areas affecting the entire student body. Many
students, usually judging from reports of dis-
cussions of Wednesday night meetings or third-
hand rumors from fraternity brothers of SGC
committee members, are free with accusations
of "Mickey Mouse" action.
Those who think Student Government Coun-
cil doesn't do anything more significant than
Of Monkeys...
THE ANIMALTARIANS have launched on
another one of their tirades. Protesting the
encasement of a diminutive monkey in the
nose cone of a Jupiter missile, the President
of the Anti-Cruelty Association announced:
"It's perfectly outrageous; men are afraid to
go up so they send a defenseless monkey."
Animals are notorious for their docility and
obedience. Scientists have justifiably exploit-
ed that fact. For no apparent reason, inen are
\too sophisticated to be the subjects of experi-
nients. At any rate, numerous creatures are
enjoying the warmth and comfort of the lab-
oratory instead of facing the hostile elements
in a wild 'state. The self-styled crusaders
against this benign use of animals are totally
oblivious of this matter.
The Gordo's and Laikas are as dedicated to
their causes as the scientists are to theirs.
Could animal ethics and ideals dictate a bet-
ter waY of gaining prestige and distinction
than by aiding the pursuit of science?
May the tradition of laboratory carts, rats,
fruitflys continue, unhampered by "righteous"

issue irregularly-published newsletters with
ghoulish pictures on the front, are the first to
dismiss the Council with a shrug of the shoul-
ders and an "I don't give a hoot."
T IS EXACTLY this attitude that is destroy-
ing any effectiveness SGC might have for
promoting student interest. If students don't
have any interest to be promoted, the Council
can't be expected to make any earth-shaking
decisions or to have any great voice in affecting
administrative policy.
One of the most overwhelming examples of
a lack of respect in SGC was demonstrated by
a letter that was sent out early in the fall to
more than 100 University housing units. It
asked the groups to indicate on an enclosed
postcard if they would be willing to have an
SGC member of their choice speak before their
house at a time of their choice on' a, topic of
their choice.
The results didn't flood the mail. Less than
20 of the groups contacted even bothered to
respond. Of these, half indicated that they
would definitely not consent to a speaker.
HOPING THAT the lack of enthusiasm was
due to the early date of the letter, lack of
dormitory organization or other latent factors,
the Council tried another such request Decem-
ber 1. To increase interest in the project, theI
letter lists topics "intended to serve as a guide,"
although it explains that the group is free to
choose any pertinent topic it wishes or may
leave the choice up to the speaker.
The subjects listed in the request are really
quite provocative. It seems that some housing
units of the University would have a passing
Interest in such areas as deferred rushinL
SOGC's role in national and international af-
fairs, the traffic and bicycle problem or the
student counseling program.
Yet, the results have been discouraging so
far. Only a few cards have been sent back. The
rest of the houses probably don't care enough
even to. bother dropping the postcard in the
mailbox.
If this is any indication, SGC no longer has
the respect of the majority of the students it
represents.
--JEAN HARTWIG

By BARTON HUTHWAITE
Daily Staff Writer
ENGINEERING educators are in
a dilemma.
Faced on one side by the rising
challenge of Soviet science, they
are strongly urging the inclusion
of more technical subjects in the
engineering student's a 1 r e a d y
crowded curriculum.
On the other side is the steadily
mounting belief that today's en-
gineer lacks an adequate base in
the liberal arts.
Recent reports from the Soviet
Union say the Kremlin plans a 90
per cent increase in its annual
output of engineering graduates.
Russia's science plans are all the
more ominous in light of a recent
report on the number of engineer-
ing studeits in the United States
today.
Freshmen engineering enroll-
mcnts in accredited United States
colleges and universities have
dropped 7.6 per cent since last
year. According to the latest avail-
able statistics taken in 1955, some
59,000 engineering students grad-
uated from Soviet universities
while only 22,589 completedtheir
education in the United States.
Viewing the Russians' latest

science drive, the gap between the
two is probably even greater now.
* * *
BUT WHILE the Soviets' sci-
ence challenge has given impetus
to moremand better scientific
courses, many engineers claim it
has at the same time forced edu-
cators to exclude broad educa-
tional courses in the humanities
and social sciences.
Of all the professional schools
here at the University, the engi-
neering school is the only one
that does not require at least two
years of study in the literary col-
lege beforeconcentrating on pro-
fessional study. While the engi-
neer here is required to elect six
hours of non-technical subjects
and 10 hours of engineering eng-a
lish, few extend their education
into the field of liberal arts.
Murray D. Van Wagoner, ex-'
governor of Michigan and one of
the nation's outstanding civil en-
gineers, said here recently the in-
dustrious engineer has "won the
confidence of his fellow citizens'
for his technical proficiency .
but has failed almost entirely to
participate in the life of the com-
munity."1
To a great extent, Van Wagon- /

EDUCATORS SAY:

er's description is commonly ac-
cepted within as well as outside
of the college community. After
graduation, the engineer is usual-
ly quickly absorbed into one of the
large industrial firms and so bur-
dened by his new profession he
hasn't the time to widen his hori-
zons in the literary fields. Once
more, his interest in such sub-
jects has probably been dulled by
four and a half years of technical
study.
* * *
ON CAMPUS, the traditional
image of the narrow-minded en-
gineer complete with slide rule
and pencil case hanging from his
side is deeply entrenched in the
minds of students. The hard-
working student is pictured as be-
ing oblivious to the outside world,
and concentrating solely on his
weighty technical journals, grind-
ing out equations far into the
night.
Probably only a small minority
of the engineering students here
would be willing to spend an ad-
ditional year studying the human-
ities and social sciences. An op-
tional course of study where the
student would divide his time be-
tween literary college courses and
engineering subjects has been of-
fered as one solution for this mi-
nority. Of course, the road 4is al-
ways open to additional studies
on the student's own initiative.
But as one student recently said,
"If the engineering college re-
quired . . . only those courses the
student desired, most engineers
would graduate in less than two
years."
ANOTHER and more feasible so-
lution would be a pre-engineering
program. The freshman student
would become acquainted with a
few basic technical courses and
at the same time acquire a
groundwork in the liberal arts. It
would probably also serve the pur-
pose of weeding out the high per-
centage of students who drop out
of the engineering school during
the first year. This would allow
a greater number of serious and
capable engineering students to be
admitted to the regular engineer-
ing school.
But there is neither the time
nor the money at the present time
to put such plans into effect. The
Soviet science threat combined
with the demands of industry
leave little room for a widening of
the engineering curriculum. The
dilemma will probably continue to
be resolved in favor of more and
better quality technical courses in
the future.

To The Editor

Course Setup Changing

GILBERT WINER

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
'Khrushchev Meets Trouble

By THOMAS DYGARD
Associated Press Writer
PONTIAC, Mich. - A distin-
guished group of educators and
laymen meeting in a unique semi-
nar recently forecast more free-
dom from the classroom for the
college student of the future.
"The strict Monday-Wednesday-
Friday classroom cycle is on the
way out," said Sarah Gibson
Blanding, President of Vassar Col-
lege. "Students don't need to spend
nearly as much time in class as
they do."
Instead of meeting a heavy
schedule of classes, the students
will put in more hours on their
own initiative in the library and
laboratory. The program of college
courses as it exists today is dying,
the educators said.
In its place is coming a system
in which the student concentrates
on a subject that is his major in-
terest.
Many of the traditional liberal
arts requirements-such as Latin
and Greek, for example-may go
by the wayside except as they ap-
ply to the individual student's
specific interest.
"No one can pretend to be an
educated man without some
knowledge of the classical world,
some knowledge of Greek and
Latin," said Henry Luce, Editor-
in-Chief of Time, Inc.
"But," added Milton Eisenhower,
President of Johns Hopkins Uni-
versity, "all educated people don't
have to be scholars in Latin and
Greek."
Other members of the panel
with Miss Blanding, Eisenhower
and Luce, were Henry Steele Com-
mager, noted historian of Amherst
College and Columbia University,
and Ralph Winfred Tyler of Stan-
ford University.

Like the educators who answered
the' question at the earlier semi-
nars, the liberal arts experts said
they would shoot for a loosening
of the reins on brighter students.
Fewer formal courses and classes,
more time for self-starter projects,
grgater freedom in the selection
of major interests-these all would
give the above-average student a
better opportunity to move ahead
at full speed, the educators said.
In the situation today, they said,
the exceptional students too often
are held to the pace of the slower
ones.
Despite the swing toward em-
phasis on science and engineering
in this space age, the educators
ssid they see no danger of liberal
arts diminishing in importance.
"Most educators are convinced
we can't get engineers and scien-
tiste at the creative level without
improving the quality of every
phase of education," Eisenhower
said.
"Liberal arts is the essence of
understanding," he added, "and
we can't solve even our national
problems without a global under-
standing of other peoples' hopes
and aspirations."

I1JVD *.* *
To the Editor:
SUNDAY EVENING many of us
in the South and West Quad-
rangles were treated to the sight
of a street filled with police squad
cars, administrators and resident
advisors assembled to break up a
rumored food riot. Word of this
intended action was spread about
on Sunday, reaching the higher-
ups. and prompting them to take
this action. I imagine that actually
few of us objected to these pre-
cautions and most of us realized
that they were taken to protect
the best interests of the univer-
sity. What stunned me were the
actions of a number of individuals
in this particular house in the
West Quad.
Briefly, this is what happened:
When word of the intended action
reached the RA of the house, he
recruited a number of the "re-
spectable" house residents. -These
"honorable" men were given two-
fold instructions. Primarily, they
were supposed to help break up
the riot should it ever spread to
the West Quadrangle. Perhaps
"break up" is too strong a phrase.
Let's say they were to discourage
any would be rioters.
Next, they were to take the
names 'of any rioters.
When I first heard of this, I had
several feelings. I was angry be-
cause these members did not be-
long to the staff and were merely
fellow students (a few were house
officers but this is not a staff
position). I was hurt since these
were individuals who I knew and
trusted and for whom I had the
greatest respect.
However, the thing that dis-
turbed me the most was the fact
that these people were fellow stu-

Futility ...
To the Editor:
IN A RECENT editorial Mr. Mc-
Eldowney deplored the smiles
and jokes concerning the Civil De-
fense exercise. He feels that we
could save lives with a proper
attitude and action. It is apparent
' that most people are way ahead of
him for they realize that regard-
less of any Civil Defense exercises
and acts, the character of atomic,
chemical and bacteriological weap-
ons means that nearly all persons
will be casualties.
Neither the reassurances of
atomic scientist Dr. Libby who re-
cently showed a "Handy-Dandy
Portable Geiger Counter" for
measuring radioactivity (providing
you survive the onslaught of the
various weapons) nor all the dig-
ging of shelters will protect the
population.
Imagine yourself in an H-bomb
shelter to which you have gotten
into in time after the bomb has
fallen 40 miles away (as on Detroit
for instance). You stay in your
shelter because Dr. Libby's geiger
counter tells you that radioactvity
is high. In your comfy-cozy shelter
you eat your emergency food ra-
tions (one day's supply, one week's
supply, on month's supply-how
much do you expect to have?). Of
ccurse, your shelter will also sup-
ply non-radioactive, non-poisoned
air for you to breathe,
Assuming no further attack, will
you replenish your food supply at
the local supermarket, will you
return to classes and editorial
writing for The Daily, will all
civil, military and other personnel
connected with public well-being
return to their posts unscathed by
the attack, in short, will every-
thing begin where it left off before
the bomb exuloded? Obvinuslv not

By THOMAS P. WHITNEY
Associated Press Foreign News Analyst
THE VIOLENCE of Nikita Khrushchev's at-
tack in Moscow on the "antiparty group"
indicates he still is encountering strong oppo-
sition within the Communist Party.
Khrushchev is not given to flogging dead
horses. He is now sounding off with a more
detailed indictment of the views and policies
of Georgi Malenkov, V. M. Molotov, L. M. Ka-
ganovich, Dmitri Shepilov and Nikolai Bul-
ganin. He must have good reason, for they, in
one degree or another share the dim views
which Malenkov and the others took of the
W1j 5g4i rl

radical changes in the Soviet system which
Khrushchev is making.
Khrushchev defeated this group decisively
in June 1957. He ousted them from leadership
and either exiled them to the remote provinces
or else expelled them from public life.
In Moscow currently the Central Commit-
tee of the Communist Party is meeting to pre-
pare the way for a new Congress of the Party.
This new Congress at the end of January, will
elect a new Central Committee.
Therefore this is a time for political jockey-
ing - and this is what Khrushchev by his
blast against the opposition is doing. He is at-
tributing to its members all of the most un-
popular agricultural policies of the last decade
in the U.S.S.R. There is some measure of jus-
tice in this since there is no doubt that some
members of the "antiparty" group - in par-
ticular Molotov and Kaganovich - have all
along taken a thoroughly negative attitude
to-mdar em anmaq in +e m.-_1951 vefpm

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