8 SHOPPING DAYS1E 4u
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
VO LXX, No. 74 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1958 FIVE CENTS
PARIS (AP)-United States Sec-
retary of State John Foster Dulles
and French Premier Charles de
Gaulle failed yesterday to swee
away underlying differences be-
tween France and the United
States on the eve of important
Atlantic Pact conferences.
The two men, met for an hour
and a half in de Gaulle's official
Agree on Berlin
Guarded press statements after
the meeting made it plain that
while the meeting was cordial the
two men saw eye-to-eye only on
the Berlin crisis, the issue which
is expected to overshadow all else
at the NATO talks.
On Berlin, both reaffirmed the
Western position taken Sunday
that Britain, France, and the
United States would maintain their
position and keep free access to
,the city despite threatening moves
from Soviet Premier Nikita
Ministers To Meet
Dulles and the foreign. ministers
of all the North Atlantic Pact
countries sit down today to con-
sider the Berlin question and a
Wide. range of defense problems,
many of which involve France's
position in the geographical heart
of the alliance.
Paul-Henry Spaak of Belgium,
the secretary-general for the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization
Council, told a news conference
during the day the Berlin question
undoubtedly would dominate the
But he said the conferees very
likely would discuss the question
of military disengagement in cen-
Afterrtoday's Dulles-De Gaulle
talks, informed sources suggested
the French were mixing politics
with the West's defense needs in
a diplomatic maneuver to bolster
11rance's role in NATO.
BAGHDAD M-A brief shower
of mudballs and eggs and a sizable
rock hurled from howling mobs of
young Iraqis greeted Assistant
Secretary of State William Roun-
None of the missiles hit him.
"Go home, Rountree," the mobs
He arrived by air in late after-
noon on his fact-finding Mideast
mission and landed in a tight
screen of military security pro-
vided by the Iraqi government.
The mudballs splattered the side
of the embassy limousine on the
ride in to the embassy from the
At one point Rountree's car was
also hit by a rock. It cracked but
did not break the left side wind-
shield just in front of the driver's
At the airport and in front of
the embassy crowds of young men
kept up the chorused shouts, "Go
They carried and waved banners
with similar slogans in English.
But nothing serious happened at
the airfield arrival, mostly thanks
to a deft maneuver by the Iraqi
military guards. While the crowd
surged forward to the main en-
trance, Rountree's car was whisked
away through a far-side gateway.
(Iraq has been seething since
a military group destroyed the
monarch of King Faisal last July'
14 and set up a revolutionary re-
public. Besides serious internal
struggles mainly between right and
left, external pressures have come
from President G3amal Abdul Nas-
ser's United Arab Republic, from
the Soviet Communist leadership
and satellites, and from the West
in its apparently lost effort to
keep Iraq in the Baghdad Pact.
British influence in Iraq is wan-
ing but it still prevails in the de-
velopment of Iraq's oil export
wealth for practical reasons.)
On Joint, ,Jde
Petitioning for five positions on
Joint Judiciary Council will con-
tinue until Friday. according toy
Will Not Run,
Post Takes Time from Teaching,
Eldersveld Announces to Council
By THOMAS TURNER
There was no indication last
night when the state's strike-
bound Booth newspapers would re-
Arthur Gallagher editor of the
Ann Arbor's mayor, Prof. Samuel J. Eldersveld of the political Booth-owned Ann Arbor News, ex-
science department, announced last night that he will not seek plained officials of the Interna-
reelection. tional Ty o of heUnonad
tionl Tpographical Union had
ON BERLIN CRISIS:
Reds Cell for Summit Conference
Prof. Eldersveld explained he felt it "wiser for me, my family,
my party and my community" to retire.
He has been spending from 25 to 40 hours a week on city business,
he continued, and feels this too great a sacrifice of the time he should
give to his duties as an educator.
"The theory of one person leadership is rather fallacious," Prof.
.... ...,. ,,i..,a .. x... ... .. .........,. ........
Eldersveld added, and he feels A
WASHINGTON (A3-Senate in-
vestigators said yesterday the
Teamsters Union paid former Sen-
ator George H. Bender (R-Ohio) a
total of $28,300.58 for about three
and one-half m~onths work as
chairman of a Teamsters-selected
The two other members of the
Bender group-F. Joseph Donohue,
Washington, and Ira W. Jayne,
Detroit--said they never received
jThey said the. panel agreed not
to function because court-ap-
pointed Teamsters monitors ques-
tioned the function of the Bender
group named by Teamsters boss
James R. Hoffa.
Bender confirmed receiving more
than $20,000 from the Teamsters
and questioned what all the fuss
"A fter all," he said, "this is
union money, and not public
In other. news developments af-
fecting the Teamsters today.
1) It was disclosed in New "York
that Thomas L. Hickcey, a critic of
Hoff A, has been removed as general
organizer for the union.
Hickey was replaced by John
O'Rourke, it Hoff a supporter who]
heads the New York Joint Council
of Teamsters. The action was
taken by the., Union's executive
board at Miami Beach, Fla., Satur-
2) Edward T. Cheyfitz, Wash-
ington attorney regarded as one of
Hoff a's closest advisors, confirmed
that the Senate Rackets Investi-
gating Committee has subpoenaed
some of his financial records.
Cheyfitz said that, on request, he
submitted a list of waterfront
unions he represents and the fees
and expenses they paid him. He
said the unions included the
Chairman John L. McClellan
(D-Ark) of the Senate committee
computed the $28,300.58 total they,
said Bender received from the
knn Arbor's Democratic party can
" easily provide new leadership. Prof.
Eldersveld concluded that "per-
haps some day I may even run
again for office, perhaps for City
The mayor was elected in 1956,
defeating Republican incumbent
Two Others Withdraw
Last night's City Council meet-
ing produced statements of non-
candidacy from two other mem-
Prof. Charles W. Joiner of the
Law School, third ward Republi-
can, said he is "particularly proud"
called weekend votes of three
locals to return to work "advisory
votes" without official sanction.
Booth would be happy to have
whatever workers had approved
its offer return to work, Gallagher
declared. But he explained that
the Union apparently felt having
some papers begin publishing while
others were still negotiating would
Neither the Union nor the com-
pany disclosed details of the con-
tract upon which the recent votes
were held. But at one stage in
Lansing negotiations, a Booth
spokesman said the union's de-
mands were more than 15 cents
an hour above the company's offer.
Booth said at the time it offered
the printers increases of nine cents
and 10 cents hourly for a two-year
contractewhich would raise the
hourly rate to $3.31 in most cases,
including that here.
Gallagher reported that a me-
diator for the discontinued Lan-
sing negotiations had predicted the
Booth papers would not publish
PARIS QP) -- Britain served no-
tice yesterday it may take econ-
omic reprisals against the six-
nation European common market
if the members refuse to agree to
a broader free trade area.
The blunt British threat
brought angry retorts~ from the
common market nations. They ex-
pressed determinataion to proceed
with their plan to start the com-
mon market area Jan. 1.
The threat by Sir David Eccles,
President of the British Board of
Trade, came on the heels of his
earlier proposal to match the trade
liberalizatalon measures of the
common market as a stopgap. The
common market partners told
Britain to put the offer in writ-
ing and it would be studied.
French Foreign Minister Maur-
ice Couve de Murville said:
"France will not negotiate in any
way under threats."
The angry exchange deepened
fear. that the common market
treaty might lead to a trade war
among the non-Communist coun-
tries of Western Europe.
Comprise Common Market
The French, Germans, Italians'
BERLIN (A)-East Germany and
Poland called yesterday for an
East-West summit conference to
avert the danger of war.
SGC To Talk
By JEAN HARTWIG
Student Government Council
will hold a special open meeting
at 7:30 p.m. today in the Student
Activities Building to discuss the
philosophy and concepts of stu-
dent government, Mort Wise, '59,
executive vice-president said yes-
The discussion will proceed "ap-
proximately as the council mem-
bers want," he said, explaining
that each of the eighteen members
will be allowed to speak for four
minutes. A period for discussion of
the concepts expressed will be held
after the speeches.
Intended to solidify and clarify
the members' ideas about student
government, the meeting will
probably also include a time for
the audience to speak.
Commenting on the purpose of
the discussion, Dean of Women
Deborah Bacon called the meet-
ing "very valuable, indeed," add-
ing that SGC is actually in the
position of an administrator in
most of its Wednesday meetings.
"I know that it is practically a
dirty word, but there are a certain
number of administrative jobs and
work that must be 'done. The work
The two Communist nations, in
a joint communique, urged chiefs
of the great powers to renew nego-
tiations on disarmament and crea-
tion of a central European zone
free of atomic weapons.
"This will contribute to reducing
the danger of armed conflict in
Europe." the communique, signed
by Walter Ulbricht and Wladys-
law Gomulka, Communist party
bosses of East Germany and Po-
Issued on Return
The communique, published by
the East German news agency
ADN, was issued shortly after Ul-
bricht returned to Berlin from a
six-day visit to Poland.
Gomulka joined with Ulbricht in
demanding the ouster of Western
troops from Berlin and acceptance
of the Soviet proposal to turn the
isolated metropolis into a free city.
But the two Communist leaders,
in sounding a call for a summit
parley, did not indicate that Mos-
cow was ready to place Berlin on
"The German Democratic Re-
public and the People's Republic of
Poland support fully and com-
pletely the initiative of the Soviet
Union for the calling of a summit
conference to solve urgent and
pressing international problems,"
the communique said.
They apparently were referring
to a Soviet proposal for a, confer-
ence raised in a note to the At-
C r P
. .. to retire
of two Counci accomplishments
during the years he has served:
making the position of city admin-
istrators executively responsible
and bringing city services to the
growing metropolitan area.
He listed new methods of finance,
in the Ann Arbor area, increased
understanding of zoning, and
greater cooperation with the Uni-
versity as areas to be worked in
by the new Council.
Fifth ward Republican Carl A.
Brauer, Jr.,, then explained he
"hadn't realized this was the night
for swan-songs" but had an-
nounced yesterday that he would
not seek reelection.
During last night's meeting, the
Council voted to consider the city's
group insurance plan at next
week's working committee meeting
of the whole Council.
lantic Pact powers over the week-
The communique offered no en-
couragement to those Western
statesmen who favor a top-level
conference with the Russians on
the whole German problem, in-
Four former Michigan State
University faculty members con-
firmed reports that they resigned
because of "low morale and dic-
tatorial tactics," it was announced
"Since the reports have been
made public, I believe the people
of Michigan should know why such
conditions must not be allowed
to exist in education, Prof. James
H. Platt said. Prof. Platt left MSU
last August to take a position at
Northeast Missouri State Teach-
He had recently relayed com-
plaints from his former colleagues
to the American Association of
University Professors (AAUP).
Prof. Platt's letter, which ac-
companied reports on the en-
gineering college and the depart-
ment of communication skills,
listed himself and three others
who left "because of these condi-
The others, confirming the re-
ports and offering to testify, are
Prof. William Butt, now at Cen-
tral Michigan College; Prof. Wil-
bur Peterson, now at North
Carolina, State College and Leo
Jedynak, now teaching at Massa-
chusetts Institute of Technology.
Prof. Platt remarked that the
criticism of the department of
communication skills is very ob-
jective and factual. "The students
are the ones who suffer when such
conditions exist," he said.
He maintained that both the
MSU units of the AAUP and the
American Federation of Teachers
"had known about theconditions
for some time and had done noth-
Prof. Butt, a graduate of MSU,
said he was offered a promotion
coupled with a higher salary at
Central Michigan, but "these con-
ditions alone wouldn't have in-
duied me to leave."
See FOUR, page 5
WASHINGTON (") - The Su-
preme Court yesterday directed a
lower court to rule on the validity
of Tennessee's law requiring racial
segregation on streetcars and
The court ruled unanimously
that a three-judge district court
in Memphis erred in dismissing,
without reaching the merits, a
Negro's suit for an injunction
against enforcement of the law.
President To Attempt
To Balance Budget
WASHINGTON (m)- President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
sketched out a 1959 legislative
program that may push federal
spending up to 80 billion dollars.
With President Eisenhower pre-
siding, Republican Congressional
leaders got a briefing on legislative
and budget prospects at a White
House conference which ran
through the day.
They came away figuring that
spending in the new budget will
go above the $79,200,000,000 esti-
mated for the present financial
year, which ends next June 30.
But they said President Eisen-
hower is determined to balance the
budget if possible and may do so-
and challenge heavy spenders in
Congress to go along with a bal-
This evidently would rule out
any tax cut as well as any big
boost in defense spending. Many
members of Congress consider de-
fense allotments dangerously low.
For the current year, the Ad-
ministration has predicted that it
will run more than 12 billion
dollars in the red, because spend-
ing went up and the business re-
cession cut revenues. Since tlier,
were no hints of a tax increase,
the Administration obviously is
pegging its hopes for a budget
balance to a continued pickup in
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon
and seven top Republicans from
Senate and House sat in on the
White House session.
Cabinet members and heads of
government agencies took turns
going over Administration pro-
grams in their particular fields.,
On the discussion schedule were
such topics as civil rights and
labor legislation, farm and hous-
ing programs, social security, water
resources development, postal rates,
foreign aid and national defense.
To Reach Congress
These topics and legislative pro-
posals touching on them will be
laid before the new Congress in
President Eisenhower's State of
the Union message next month
His budget message will spell out,
the financing part.
The whole picture of the pro-
gram and its financing was drawn
today in what House Republican
leader Joseph W. Martin, Jr.
(M am.) called broad strokes. All
those present agreed that no fig-
ures are final at this point, includ-
ing the one for defense spending
and the total for the budget.
But Sen. Styles Bridges of New
Hampshire, chairman of the Sen-
ate Republican policy committee,
and others, too, talked in terms of
an 80 billion dollar budget.
Jan. 24 Set
M. Alicia Dwyer of the business and the Benelux nations of Bel-
administration school, who intro- gium, Netherlands and Luxem-
duced the plan, explained that she bourg make up the common mar-
favored the current plan but felt ket area.
employes concerned should be able These six plus 11 other Euro-
to express opinions yeriodically, pean powers make up the larger
and the city should be able to con- Organization for European Econ-
sider the expense. omic Cooperation (OEEC), which
may be very boring, but that is GENEVA (A)-The United States
what government is," she said. yesterday handed Russia the first
Should Ask Why detailed Western blueprint for a
"Every once in a while you control system to police a nuclear
should sit down and ask why- test ban.
towards what end you are work- Russian spokesmen immediately
ing. You should have a policy described the plan as unaccept-
meeting considerably more often able.
than every four years," she ex- This negative Russian reaction
plained. underlined the fact that-despite
Jo Hardee, '60, SGC administra- some progress on procedural mat-
tive vice - president, commented ters-the three-nation talks have
that it is always valuable when thus far achieved no common
people discuss opinions, although ground on the fundamental issue
we "certainly have no idea of of control.
changing anybody's viewpoint." United States delegate James J.
Roger Seasonwein, '61, called Wadsworth submitted four draft
the meeting "healthy," adding articles for a, proposed treaty on
"it's always valuable if people prohibition of nuclear weapons
have been thinking all along, but tests. The drafts were not made
not if they have to manufacture public but spelled out in precise
something to say. Time will tell." detail how the control organiza-
tion should function.
The articles provided for fixed
Y D'sTo Lleap" control posts, manned by an inter-
nationalstaff. The posts would be
atspread throughout the world to
State jusice watch for secret nuclear tests in
the atmosphere, underground or
SToday Whenever the control posts re-
port suspicious earth tremors
Michigan Supreme Court Jus- which might be caused by under-
tice George Edwards will speak ground tests, permanent inspection
before the Young Democrats Club teams would,be entitled to make
at 7:30 p.m. today in Rm. 3-C of an on-the-spot investigation.
the Michigan Union. Although the Russians have ac-
Justice Edwards, a Democrat, eepted the principle of a control
will speak on "The Role of the system, their present ideas on how
Courts in Maintaining Freedom." such a system would work are de-
His discussion will deal with the scribed by Western delegates as in-
legal aspects of desegregation. adequate.
National Round tp
is considering the rival plans.
The common market six had
offered some proposals designed
to reduce the possibility of trade
__discrimination against countries
not members of the common mar-
By The Associated Press ket. Britain and the other non-
NEW YORK-The New York newspaper strike continued through member countries found the pro-
its sixth day yesterday with the nation's top federal mediator groping posals unacceptable.
vainly for a solution. The British threat of reprisal
Neither side seemed inclined to budge an inch.'came during a marathon session
"There is no factual basis for optimism," Joseph F. Finnegan,of, OEEC ministers. Twice the ses-
T here Dirs or f athu d ral ass df r ti mism," Jos h sions w ere recessed to allow the
National Director of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, ministers time for study.
in his first full day here from .
Washington, admitted. He said 'F
both sides have "taken a stiff N APANESE LITERATURE:
WASHINGTON - Ten strong
supporters of Eisenhower foreign
policy, most of whom regard them-
selves as liberals, banded together
yesterday for a fight to win controlj
of the Republican leadership in the
The 10 senators voted unani-
mously to offer a full slate of
candidates to the Republican cau-I
cus which meets in January to
elect officers for the new Senate.
This was a challenge to Sen.
Styles Bridges of New Hampshire,
long time chairman of the Senate.
GOP Policy Committee, and to
Sen. Everett M. Dirksen of Illinois,
Sen. Bridges' choice to succeed re-
tiring Sen. William F. Knowland
of California as Republican floor'
Prof. Ota Terms Whitman Influential
By FAITH WEINSTEIN
In the sixty years since his
poetry was introduced in Japan,
Walt Whitman has had a definite
influence on Japanese literature,1
Prof. Saburo Ota of the Techni-
cal Institute of Tokyo, revealed in
a lecture yesterday.
"The life and work of Walt
Whitman was introduced in Japan
in 1892," Prof. Ota began in a
talk sponsored by the English de-
partment. At first he was known
only in a very select literary circle
as a "poet who truly represented
the reuubic ofn America."
poetry was like nothing they had
ever seen before. His stress on the
people in general, on the workings
of society, was totally different
from the Japanese tradition.
At first, Prof. Ota said, Whit-
man was regarded as a sort of
Darwinist poet. The Darwinian4
ideas of evolution had a great in-
fluence on Japan, mainly through
the influence of a Japanese schol-
ar, Natsume Soseki.
Soseki was one of the first Jap-
anese literary men to grasp the 4
fundamental idea of Whitman's
I Wok Pnf C)rM -a 4i
side of Whitman; the physical'
side "was neglected, or rather'
Shiratori Seigo, who edited a
Japanese translation of "Leaves
of Grass" was the man who intro-
duced Whitman to Japan as a real
person, rather than only as a poet,
Prof. Ota said. It was ,with Shira-
tori that a new movement in Jap-
anese poetry, called "Minshu-shi-
ha, poets of common people" be-
These were poets who wrote for
the first time in the idiom of the
cnmmnn nnnio emnvinr Ae=..
In dismissing the suit brought The Mid - year commencement
by 0. Z. Evers, a Negro resident exercises will be held at 2 p.m.,
of Memphis, the lower court said Jan. 24, 1959, in Hill Auditorium,
there was no actual controversy James P. Gray, '59, Senior Board
involved. The court said Evers president said yesterday.
boarded a Memphis bus April 26, The exercises will be for Janu-
A1956,just to start a lawsuit, ary graduates, Gray added.
EvAccordingly, the court held, Orders for caps and gowns will
Evers was not "representative of be accepted only until the begin-
the class of colored citizens who use ning of the Christmas vacation.
the buses in Memphis as a meansAnnouncement orders will be
of transportation." taken today and tomorrow from
In reinstating Evers' suit, the 1 to 5 p.m. in the basement of the
Supreme Court said the fact he Student Activities Building.
"may have boarded this particular Auditions for the traditional
bus for the purpose of instituting student commencement speaker
this litigation is not significant." will he hld .Tan . thrnuh S.