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November 14, 1958 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1958-11-14

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"It'll Be Interesting To Find Out What
The Other Side Is Like"

SiAty-Ninth Year

'en Opinons Are Free
Truth WW llrevaii'

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily ex-press the indiuidual opifions of staff writers
or the editors: This must he noted in all reprints.
Education's Purpose Confronts
The University's Conscience
"We in the colleges must concern ourselves with the life of the intellect and imagina-
tion again and remind ourselves and the public that the purpose of education is to
develop people who can think and act for themselves." - Harold Taylor, President
of Sarah Lawrence College in the Heyward Keniston Lecture delivered here Monday.


HOW FORGETFUL is the University? Un-
conscious mental blocks can keep people
and institutions from reminding themselves
of certain things. But sometimes the barriers
are conscious.
Barriers hindering education from develop-
ing the individual to think and act for him-
self are manifold, and at this University, can
be found at three levels.
The first barrier, of course, may be in the
student himself. One might define the stu-
dent's role as to study, gaining knowledge and
the ability to understand it solely because of
its intrinsic merit. Or, as President Taylor puts
it, "a student is a person who is learning to ful-
fill his powers and to find ways of using them
in the service of mankind."
However, motives for attending college vary
and unfortunately it is a safe assumption that
a high percentage of those who register every
fall are neither learning, nor interested in
helping mankind but are prompted by reasons
more material or social than intellectual. And
of those who initially may be seeking a higher
education to develop theirthinking ability,
/many eventually may decide it's too much
Additional barriers hindering the thinking
and developing processes also can be found at
the faculty level. The dogmatism of certain
professors, particularly deplorable in the hu-
manities, invariably dampens independent
thought. Nor is it encouraged by the nature of
some examinations, which in effect, encourage
a student to develop his ability to memorize
and parrot rather than think. The stenograph-
er approach to achieving high grades is suc-
cessful all too often.
BUT THE MOST disturbing barriers can be
found at the third, and most powerful
level, that of the administration.
For the first two leave some room for free
will. An individual desirous of learning to
think and act for himself can examine and
perhaps change his own attitudes. Also, by in-
dependent work, it may be possible to develop,
despite the professor.
But in certain areas of mental activity there
appears to be a strong element of pre-deter-
minism. No matter what the student does, no
matter how carefully he thinks and no matter
how cautiously he would move, a higher and
stronger authority may be in a position to
prevent him from thinking and acting for
A Vote of'
MAYNARD GOLDMAN'S tremendous write-
in victory in the just-past Student Gov-
ernment Council elections has a number of
possible interpretations and effects.
One possibility is that the record total of
votes garnered by Goldman is due to the nov-
elty of a write-in candidate stirring the apa-
thetic electorate to the point of record-break-
ing participation. This possibility is undoubted-
ly responsible for some of the 1,408 first place
votes given to Goldman.
Another, and more likely thought, is that
the students are concerned over SOC and
voted for the type of student government Gold-
man represents.
Actually Goldman and SGC have received,
by virtue of the write-in victory and, perhaps
even more importantly, the very fact that
there was a write-in campaign, a new strength.
The campaign, which developed and spread
through a network of student leaders in hous-
Ing units and elsewhere, was a definite indica-
tion of concern over the leadership vacuum
which would have been created if Goldman had
left the Council. And the votes cast for Gold-
man were a reflection of that concern.

THIS CAN be true despite the virtues of his
Intentions were touched upon in the speceh
by President Taylor when he raised the ques-
tion of what kind of education can be provid-
ed "in order to do what always must be done
in every age - raise the level of human ideals
and the level of human achievement."
In further defining a student, President
Taylor states "the student at his best has a
purity of motive which is the mark of his true
When viewed in the abstract, few would
question the purity of motives in attempts to
bring actual practices closer to the ideal state
or raise the level of human achievement, just
as few in the administration would want to
hinder education from fulfilling its purpose.
However, it is when theorization moves into
actuality, that barriers quickly rise.
DISCRIMINATION, it was agreed when the
Regents passed a by-law in 1949, is a bad
thing. Student Government Council, when fi-
nally given approval after a trial period, was
cited as an example of how' the University has
faith in students and being able to think and
act for themselves.
This week, President Taylor noted that in
some schools the machinery of student govern-
ment "has run down" because many respon-
sible students do not wish to run for office,
that they prefer an orderly arrangement of life
which worked fairly and automatically and
that they would prefer to have someone other
than students do the administration of student
But this week a courageous student govern-
ment made a decision that might upset the or-
derly arrangement of life and perhaps threaten
their entire future efforts to think and act for
Also this week, students gave the largest
number of votes in history to an individual
who led student efforts to think and act for
And yesterday, a move was made by some
who apparently don't think students should
think and act for themselves.
Tomorrow, the Student Government Coun-
cil Board in Review will meet. A decision may
be made which will either support or repudiate
the theory that students may think and act
for themselves. It will be interesting to see if
the University will allow itself to be reminded
of education's purpose. So far ,they've been
too busy erecting barriers.
Editorial Director
exponent of strong student government, May-
nard Goldman.
Goldman represents, to a large segment of
students, the type of student leader who will
not back down under fire .. . a strong Council
leader. Without his leadership many felt the
Council would be weakened.
But also, the vote was a vote for student
government in general. Those who believe in
the concept of student government voted for
Goldman as the embodiment of the best that
student government has to offer.
A big question in administrative minds now
is whether or not the record vote indicates a
backing of the policies personified by the SGC
president. Goldman voted that Sigma Kappa is
in violation of University regulations. He also
Voted to withdraw recognition from the nation-
al sorority. Does the vote indicate general sup-
port for these policies?
With the Board in Review called yesterday
to consider the Council's action on Sigma Kap-
pa this question cannot be ignored. The fact
that the Council president received a record
number of votes in a write-in election cannot
fail to be significant .. . especially considering
the liberal type of student government that
Goldman has represented.
What better way to indicate confidence in
SGC and in their policies than by overwhelm-
ingly writing in the leader of those policies?
ditical Th ought
content with political debate limited only to
the "whys" of the major political issues.

Hard-core student supporters of the strug-
gling socialist movement promise a revitaliza-
tion of debate about the "real issues" facing
the United States. The views offered may have
the worthwhile effect of jarring the conserva-
tive student from his easy chair of apathy.
Administering only a mild dose of socialism
In his talk here, Himmel described the recent
election campaigns as "avoiding the real issues
like the plague whenever possible." This is
true to a certain extent. The stress'placed on
political discussion was far from being really

Anything Goes'fits
Lydia Mendelssohn
SOPH SHOW for 1958 opened last night in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. just off Times Square, with a spirited production of Cole
Porter's "Anything Goes;" script by Bolton and Wodehouse with ar-
rangements by Fink and Kaplan.
An enthusiastic but not quite capacity audience responded vigor-
ously to such successful musical numbers as "I Get a Kick Out of You,"
"You're The Top." and "Anything Goes:" and applauded the efforts
of stars Judy Weinberger. Andrea Maydeck, Roger Seasonwein, Morton
Meltzer and Jack O'Brien.
Because of some last-minute difficulties with the musicians' union,
pianists Brenda Fink and Phyllis Kaplan substituted for the orches-
tra, but Mr. Petrillo claims some arrangements may be worked out
later in the week.
"Anything Goes" is all about a flippant young business man
(Seasonwein) who stows away on an ocean liner to be near his sweet-
heart (Miss Maydeck) who is engaged to a British Foghorn (O'Brien).
Complications ensue when the flippant young business man meets
public enemy number 13 (Meltzer) and an old girl friend (Miss Wein-
berger), but everything is eventually resolved amidst much singing and
' s
UNQUESTIONABLY the best voice in the cast belongs to Miss
Weinberger. She sings very well indeed, and is a first rate actress too,
with previous experience in Chicago theatre groups.
Roger Seasonwein, presentjy district attorney of Essex County.
brings to his role a fine sense of timing and a voice which cannot
be properly described.
Mr. O'Brien is in fine fettle as the stuffy British Lord (doubtless
one of Wodehouse's creations), displaying considerable insight into the
potentialities of the role; Miss Maydeck is sweet and lovely as the fair
lady; Mr. Meltzer is a fine comic.
Before proceeding further, mention must be made of the ushers,
presumably supplied by the Junior League, who displayed a glittering
array of sorority jewelry so placed as to gladden the eyes of even some-
what decrepit reviewers.
Direction by the well known team of Louise Rose and Robert Brod
was well paced and lively. Sets were generally well done but precarious,
costuming colorful, make-up slick, lighting adventurous.
The singing and dancing choruses were jolly if occasionally sleepy.
Especially good was the Sailors' Quartette. For all this, musical co-
ordinator Richard Pollinger should be knighted.
Co-chairmen Linda Heywood and Bob Vollen, both prominent
civic leaders, deserve our congratulations for carefully supervising the
entire production.
-David Kessel
The Devil's Advocate
AnId Margaret Webster

-t+I~cZ3t -cp 4=w

The Fallacy of 'Universality'

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last
of four articles written after a re-
cent visit to Moscow.)
IN YESTERDAY'S article I ar-
gued that to make an effective
reply to the expansion of Corn -
munism in Asia and Africa, it
would be necessary to make a
demonstration in a large country-
preferably in India-that there is
another way to overcome mass
poverty and national weakness.
Unless this demonstration can be
made, there is every prospect that
the masses of Asia will rally to
Communism, either of the Soviet
or of the Chinese type.
The old industrial countries of
Western Europe and of North
America do not provide an ex-
ample which the great, crowded,
submerged masses could imitate.
Only in Russia and in China do
they find a model of how in back-
ward countries great masses of
people can raise themselves quick-
ly by their own bootstraps.
But we must not exaggerate. We
must not jump to the conclusion
that the Communist movement is
destined to expand until it has
conquered the whole world. I
talked to some Communists in
Moscow who said, in effect, that
this is one world and that Com-
munism is boundkto rule it. And
there are, as we know, people on
our side of the Iron Curtain who
are filled with the deepest anxiety
that Western Europe will perish
if it can no longer command the
natural products of the old col-
onial territories.
Both of these views are extreme
and each is, I believe, derived from
the same very human and common
fallacy. It is the fallacy of assum-

ing that this is one world and
that the social order to which one
belongs must either perish or be-
come the universal order of man-
kind. But looking at the history
of the globe, the truth, as I see
it, is that there has never been
one world, that there has never
been a universal state or a uni-
versal religion.
* * *
THE FAILURE to recognize this
truth that there are many worlds,
not merely one, is, I believe, the
deepest source of confusion be-
tween us, and the most stubborn
obstacle to that mutual toleration,
which is the very best that is con-
ceivable between our two societies.
The orthodox Leninist, whether
he is a true believer or merely a
conformist, thinks that he knows
the scheme of history. According
to this scheme the capitalistic
world is bound to fight the Com-
munist revolution unless the Com-
munist parties capture the West-
ern governments. His opposite
number on our side is one who
thinks also that he knows the
true scheme of history. In his phil-
osophy, the line of all human pro-
gress is the line that we have
taken in the West. The Communist
revolution is, therefore, a relapse
and a diversion from that true line
of progress.
All of this is, I feel sure, a mis-
reading of the reality of things.
The Communist revolution which
began in Russia and has spread to
China is not a repetition of the
English and the French Revolu-
tions. It is a new historical phe-
nomenon which comes out of a
convulsive awakening of the sub-
merged masses demanding a better
life for themselves. The dictators

who lead this massive uprising rule
the people despotically. But he
would be a rash man, I think, who
would say that such great masses
of backward people could be per-
suaded by democratic methods to
accept the discipline and to make
the sacrifices which are necessary
to the rapid formation of capital
in a private economy.
To a Westerner the character of
this revolution of the submerged
masses is a terrible thing to con-
template. But the more he sees of
it, the more he must feel, so it
seemed to me, that while the Com-
munist system is acceptable in the
backward countries, it is not likely
to spread to the more advanced
countries except insofar as it is
imposed by force. The Soviet sys-
tem does not work, and there is
no reason to think that it will
work, in Eastern Europe. I feel sure
that the Soviet domination of
Eastern Germany, of Poland,
Czechoslovakia, and Hungary is
precarious and impermanent.
Moreover, I think that the rulers
of Russia know this and that, if
they could think, which they have
not, of any safe way to disengage,
they would eventually accept some
such settlement. They are drawn
towards Asia and away from Eu-
rope and the general posture of
Moscow, as distinct perhaps from
Leningrad, is to be turned towards
Asia. Moscow is full of delegations
of Asian peoples-many from the
outlying parts of the Soviet Union
itself, a great many from mainland
China, many from South Asia and
from the Moslem world.
This gives to' Moscow the air of
being the capital of a new order of
things among the emerging peoples
of Asia.

FROM the first smilingly con-
temptuous gibes of "Caesar
and Cleopatra" to the final poetry
of Lilith, mankind's mother, the
audience was fascinated, manipu-
lated, moved and convinced last
night as Shaw and Margaret Web-
ster knew it would be. Indeed, the
performance at Hill Auditorium
was fully a monument to what
Shaw called "the touching humil-
ity of the spectator." And this, of
course, was quite in the order of
Margaret Webster, of the crys-
talline voice and theatrically regal
manner was to present a gallery of
Shavian woman. In lieu of this
she offered up a world of ideas,
people and poetry, in the garb of
readings from Shaw's more popu-
lar plays.
She began with a man's concept
of womankind-John Tanner, ex-
uberantly declaiming that "great-
est battle of them all . . . artist-
man against mother-woman." And
Miss Webster tossed her many
colored scarf imperiously, for both
Shaw and herself understood the
inevitable outcome.
But not all women, continued
Miss Webster, are bent on victory.
And so Candida will choose her
successful, confident husband over
the shy, demoniacal Marchbanks;
it is her weak husband who truly
needs her. And Mrs. Warren, that
poet of common sense, will point
with her unpleasant truisms to
.the dreadful corruptness of a
society without order, honesty and
(lest we forget) socialism. Fanny,
Shaw's angry young woman will

end the program's first half with
some "beat" advice to the world's
youth-the only way to escape the
stifling sin of respectability is to
get into lots of trouble.
* * *
IT HAS BECOME traditional to
look upon Shaw with an indulgent
eye. Consider: We're all advanced,
knowledgeable, modern living men
and women, all very, very contem-
porary. He had his day, this mixr
ture of H. G. Wells and Peter
Pan; with Salinger and Dosteov.
sky, "he always passes with ado.
lescence." So why not the Eliza-
bethan who made director Webster
famous? Why Shaw? The answer
has been half given, the finish
comes after the intermission.
Barbara (of "Major Barbara"),
and Lavinia (of "Androcles and
the Lion") can understand, even
agree with the passionately prag-
matic philosophies of their mas-
terful men-world-embracing An-
drew Undershaft and Lavinia's
"handsome captain." But the two
women are together in their in-
capacity to alter their wills, to
warp their souls. And Shaw, with
the marionette strings on his fin-
gers and Pygmalion's smile on his
lips, looks on.
But the greatest women of all,
St. Joan and Eve, have the last
word. "How long? How longhbefore
mankind is ready" asks the im-
>assioned Joan. But for the mother
4of mankind the question is typi-
cally mortal. "Do not ask 'how
long; it is enough that there is a
-Eli Zaretsky

South Quad Council Defends Noffsinger

student governme
position than previou
sition has been gai
evidenced in the 1,40
dent apathy, is st
fled political force o
defunct socialist moy
Wednesday night wi
cialist Workers Party
ert Himmel at the fi
"Would You Like to
The next few mor
cialist student group
by the University. T
to the conservative

of confidence has placed
ent in a much stronger
isly. A new bargaining po-
ned through the strength
8 first place votes for the
le ngl Pc
hidden in the fog of stu-
eadily emerging as a uni-
n the campus. The once-
vement gained momentum
th the appearance of So-
y committee member Rob-
rst of the Union-sponsored
Know" lecture series.
nths may even see a so-
here granted recognition
his may come as a shock
majority who have been

Misconception . .
To the Editor:
W EDNESDAY morning the Resi-
dent Director of the South
Quadrangle was hung in effigy over
the Diagonal of ceitral campus.
The South Quadrangle Council
expresses shock and dismay over
this incident. It is evident, how-
ever, that a rather flagrant mis-
conception must be eliminated. I
refer to the quote in The Detroit
Free Press, attributed to Mr. Mark
G. Noffsinger, that the illness was
no more than "mass hysteria." Mr.
Noffsinger never made such a
statement, and was, in fact, im-
mediately cognizant of the legiti-
macy of the illness. Further, at no
time was he ever contacted by The
Detroit Free Press.
The South Quadrangle Council
can express nothing but admira-
tion for the Resident Director. At
no time has he even hesitated to
release to the residents of South
Quadrangle any information rele-
vant to the illness; he has been
wonderfully cooperative and un-
derstanding, and has shared with
us our deep concern.
-South Quadrangle Council

South Quad. If the student who
originated this idea had tried to
discover the facts, he would have
found that the ridiculous quote
from a Detroit paper referred to
on the effigy was never made by
the Resident Director. This ex-
hibit represents a new height of
ignorance and immaturity in the
succession of such "hangings."
The men of South Quad. realize
that those responsible for the pre-
paration of food here have taken
every precaution to prevent such
outbreaks and are sincerely doing
everything in their power to dis-
cover the source of this disease.
We realize that dormitories are
always very susceptible to the
rapid spread of disease in spite of
these precautions and that there
is no evidence whatsoever of any
negligence in the kitchens. We
would like to express our thanks
to the Administration for their
honesty in handling this matter
and we retain our confidence in
the continued high sanitary stand-
ards in South Quad.
-Jerry Newsom, President
Huber House, South Quad.
(EDIToR'S NOTE: Lack of space
prevents the printing of similar let-
ters defending Mr. Noffsinger that

Fire Department. As witnesses,
however, we feel that the general
conduct of a good portion of the
student crowd-particularly those
at the rear of the building-was
not only as disgusting, dangerous
and unthinking a mob action as
we have seen, but also very clearly
demanded some prompt action by
those members of the City Police
force who stood out in the street
as spectators. (We could not in
clear conscience question the abil-
ity of the police to ticket either
moving or parked bicycles.)
We refer particularly to those
"intelligent" students who jeered
and ridiculed the firemen from
such an unsafe distance that they
were driven out of range by the
fire hose. We would further cite
those two valiant individuals
perched in a tree who persisted in
shouting "directions" to the fire-
men even after they had been
given several hosings by the ob-
viously irritated firemen - who
at that time were still trying to
get into the house.
Again, after the tragic nature
of the fire had been made clear
to the crowd, one student hope-
fully observes that, "Maybe they'll

campus issues - Sigma Kappa
and football gambling.
-John Darnton
-Jim Flanagan
Economics . . .
To the Editor:
strange reasoning in his edi-
torial explanation concerning why
the voters were wrong in voting
down right-to-work referenda on
One compliment must be ex-
tended to Mr. Junker. His "objec-
tive" treatment of the Right-to-
Work Law pays little attention to
the "union-reforming" abilities of
this legislation. He is advocating
this law primarily for its weaken-
ing effect on unions.
Depending on the author's point
of view, the election results show
how far union power in politics
has succeeded. No doubt politicians
who refused to support the Right-
to-Work Law (Rockefeller, Knight,
and even Nixon) were misguided
tools of Reuther. This does indeed
show how far the political power
of unions has cast its spell over
naive politicians. How wrong the

time there are enough non-union
workers so that a strike becomes
a life or death struggle for the
union involved.
It is interesting to note that Mr.
Junker gives only passing note to
the States with Right-to-Work
Laws. Hesstated the "fact" that
labor is no longer exploited by
business and has an easy time in
winning its disputes. The 19 states
that have enacted this law have
other statutes effecting labor
unions. Alabama, for example, has
a law prohibiting more than two
pickets stationed at a struck plant.
Even these two pickets are re-
stricted to "informational activ-
ity." Throughout the South the
Right-to-Work Law is not used to
balance overpowering unions but
to add to the arsenal of legal
weapons against the formation of
Somehow, due to the excess en-
ergies released by acquiescent
management, Mr. Junker fears
that the unions have set their
sights on, a program of profit
sharing. A brief glance at this
country's economic history will
show that unions have been op-
posed to profit sharing. Indeed,
almost all of the profit-sharing in

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