See Page 4
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
V - T. X la-
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1959
V tn. LJS talM lY Os A /
rotewohi Shifts Stand
On Soviet Withdrawal
BERLIN P) - Premier Otto
Grotewohl beat a hasty retreat
last night - apparently on or-
ders from the Kremlin - after
indicating Russia might be will-
ing to withdraw troops from Ger-
many without waiting for the
West to pull out.
A revised version of a statement
the Communist East German
Premier gave a news conference
made clear the Kremlin was not
retreating on its stand that Soviet
troops will stay as long as west-
ern armies remain.
In Expansive Mood
Grotewohl, in an expansive
mood, had told a news confer-
ence in East Berlin his regime
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Harold E.
Stassen hoisted a new "dump
Nixon" banner yesterday-right in
the middle of the White House
Emerging from a conference
with President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower, Stassen gave reporters a
list of four men he said he con-
sidered GOP presidential possi-
bilities in 1960. Glaringly omitted
was the name of Vice-President
Richard M. Nixon.'
BUENOS AIRES - Backed by
the armed forces, bedridden Prpsi-
dent Arturo Frondizi last night
faced a test of strength in a labor
struggle against supporters of ex-
Dictator Juan Peron and the Com-
expected to open talks soon with
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrush-
chev on withdrawal of Russian
troops from East Germany.
Under questioning from west-
ern newsmen Grotewohl said
"perhaps" the Soviets would stick
by their old stand that the West-
ern troops leave Germany, too.
Six hours after the news con-
ference the official East German
news agency put out a correction
changing "perhaps" to "natural-
ly" - thus emphasizing that the
Russians intend to stay in Ger-
many as long as Allied powers do.
Grotewohl told newsmen he in-
terpreted Khrushchev's speech
Monday in Moscow as meaning
that the Soviet leader was ready
to negotiate a Russian troop
withdrawal. K h r u s h c h e v was
vague and spelled out no terms.
In Bonn the West German gov-
ernment yesterday rejected in un-
usually strong language Khrush-
chev's call for an end of the four-
power occupation of Berlin. It ac-
cused the Soviet Premier of pur-
suing a policy endangering world
Khrushchev had charged the
Bonn government, a member of
the North Atlantic Treaty Organ-
ization, was "treading a road dan-
gerous to the cause of peace and
fatal to West Germany itself."
Demands Western Withdrawal
In demanding western troops
get out of West ' Germany,
Khrushchev had promised that
So ph Showe
the Soviet occupation functions
in East Berlin would be handed
over to the Communist satellite
Russia has 22 crack divisions of
about 400,000 men in East Ger-
many. This is the main Soviet
striking force confronting the At-
lantic Pact defense line.
LANSING M) - Two top Demo-
cratic lawmakers yesterday de-
manded full control of the state
House of Representatives for
their party when the Legislature
goes into session Jan. 14.
Their Republican counterparts
offered to split the authority on a
That's how the first round end-
ed in a Republican-Democratic
bout touched off by the Nov. 4
election that gave each party 55
of the 110 seats in the lower
chamber. Republicans this year
held a 61-49 majority.
Meeting in an exploratory ef-
fort to settle the unprecedented.
situation were House Speaker
George M. Van Peursem (R-Zee-
land), Rep. Allison Green (Kings-
ton), GOP House floor leader, and
Reps. Louis Mezzano (D-Wake-
field) and Joseph J. Kowalski (D-
Detroit), the Democratic floor
leader and assistant floor leader.
Mezzano and Kowalski, issuing
a joint statement, contended
Democrats have the right to elect
the House speaker, head up all
the committees and appoint all
House employes because:
1) "Voters clearly and decisive-
ly indicated in the election of Nov.
4 that they wanted the Demo-
cratic program carried forward
2) Democratic candidates piled
up a total vote surpassing the
GOP count by 500,000 and the
number of people in the Demo-
cratic districts "substantially" ex-
ceeds the population in Republi-
Gov. G. Mennen Williams, al-
though he has no authority to
settle the deadlock, backed the
Van Peursem and Green, pro-
posing compromise, called for:
1) Election of a House speaker
from one party and a speaker
pro-tem from the other, with both
having equal authority and al-
ternately presiding over House
2) A Democrat and Republican
as co-chairmen of each commit-
tee, to be appointed by the two
3) Automatic release of any bill
to the House floor when it is
tabled in committee by a tie vote.
By ROBERT JUNKER
"If we don't raise money in the
next year, the Phoenix Project
will be out of business," Director
of the Project Dean Ralph A.
Sawyer of the graduate school
The Project funds now available
allow "only one year of life ahead
of us," Sawyer commented. To
raise the funds necessary to carry
on research for peacetime uses of
atomic energy, the Phoenix Me-
morial Project is depending on
James C. Zeder, vice-president of
the Chrysler Corp., who was re-
cently appointed fund raising
Zeder, a University alumnus,
will head a group to raise $2 mil-
lion to carry the Project through
At the close of this fiscal year
in July, the Project will have only
$282,000 in unrestricted funds
available to run the Ford Nuclear
Reactor, pay administrative costs
and subsidize research, Sawyer
Total money available to the
Project in July will be $599,360,
$317,284 of which are restricted
funds, i.e., marked by their donors
for specific projects.
Costs of keeping the Project
running and subsidizing faculty
research projects must be met out
of the unrestricted funds, Sawyer
explained, and these will cover
work for only one more year.
Of the money available ,now to
the Project, $148,800 has been
pledged but not yet collected,
Sawyer said. Since its founding
ten years ago, Phoenix Project
has spent over $7 million on lab-
oratories and research.
Original Funds Exhausted
The original funds, given as a
memorial to University World
War II dead, was intended to
last ten years, Dean Sawyer said.
He added that the Project has ex-
pended funds at this rate and
now needs more money to con-
"Michigan industry will prob-
ably help our current campaign
considerably," the director added.
Donations will also be sought
from alumni through the Devel-
opment Council, he explained.
A Development Council com-
mittee report on the needs for'
Phoenix Prject funds completed3
a year ago said, "We are faced
with the necessity of either aug-
See FUNDS, Page 2
To0 Give Shots1
Health Service will give flu
shots from 8 to 11:45 a.m. and 1
to 4:45 p.m. today in the base-+
ment of Health Service, Dr. Mor-
ley Beckett, director, said.,
The shots, costing one dollar,.
are available to students and staff.,
GOLDMAN WINS-Maynard Goldman is surrounded by students
as he enters the Union Ballroom after he was elected on a write-in
campaign by the highest vote total ever awarded an SGC
Socialist Views Election
As 'Status Quo' Protest
By BARTON HUTHWAITE
Socialist Workers Party committee member Robert Himmel last
night described the recent Democratic sweep of the congressional
elections as a "protest vote against the status quo."
Himmel said the "crisis of this society cannot be solved by either
of the political parties." He urged acceptance of socialism as a prime
necessity and predicted an upswing in his party's strength in the near
The showdown may give the jpej l
answer to just how much power ca
- _ -
exiled Peron still wields in Ar-
gentina. A leading former Peron
henchman, John William Cooke,
was one of the first jailed on fly-
ing back from Uruguay after
Frondizi proclaimed a state of
siege to stem labor unrest.
WASHINGTON - The Civil
Rights Commission decided yes-
terday to use its subpoena power
to bring witnesses and records
before a voting rights hearing in
Alabama next month.
It could mean a showdown with
Alabama oficials who have re-
fused to allow Commission investi-
gators to examine records which
figure in complaints that Negroes
in Macon County, Ala., were
denied the ballot.
TAIPEI - Communist guns
began shelling Quemoy today at
There was light intermittent
fire throughout the early morn-
The Communists thus appeared
to be holding to their own alter-
nate day timetable of shelling only
on odd-numbered days.
x , S
UNITED NATIONS-The Soviet
Union demanded yesterday the
scrapping of all United States
overseas military bases as the
price for agreeing to international'
cooperation on outer space prob-
But the United States declared
that what Moscow really wants
is not agreement, but to destroy
the capae'ty of the non - Soviet
world ;. defend itself.
U To Host
Margaret Webster, author, ac-
tress and director, will present a
dramatic monologue entitled
"Pictures From a Shavian Gal-
lery" at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill
Sponsored by the University
Lecture Series, Miss Webster will
"Anything Goes," this year's
Soph Show production, will open
at 8 p.m. tonight in the Lydia
A musical-comedy by Cole Por-
ter, the show will also be given
tomorrow and Saturday evenings
at 8 p.m.
The stars of the show are Roger
Seasonwein as Billy Crocker, the
hero, Andrea Maydeck as Hope
Harcourt, Billy's sweetheart, Judy
Weinberger as Reno Sweeney, a
night club proprietress, Jack
O'Brien as Sir Evelyn Oakleigh,
Hope's fiance, and Morty Meltzer
as Moon-Face Martin, the soft-
hearted public, enemy number 13.
The plot deals with the antics
of Billy Crocker who stows away
on the ship which is carrying his
sweetheart, Hope, to England to
marry Sir Evelyn. He is assisted
by Moon who gives him a ticket.
Unfortunately, the ticket had
been intended for Moon's accom-
plice, Snake-Eyes Johnson, and
Billy finds himself hindered in his
attempts to woo Hope by the
authorities' attempts to arrest
him, and is forced to don various
future. Speaking at the first of thei
Union's "Would You Like To
Know" series, the former chair-
man of the Wayne County Young
Socialists sharply criticized the
two major parties saying a "hand-
shake campaign" had replaced the
discussion of "real issues" in the
"The real roots of unemploy-
ment, racial integration and for-
eign policy were avoided like the
plague whenever possible," Him-
This general neglect of the is-
sues at stake left the voters more
confused than ever about the dif-
ferences between the Democrats
and the Republicans, he con-
tended. "The result was a wide-
spread apathetic attitude toward
Citing specific examples, Him-
mel commented the problem of
Jim Crow discrimination was dis-
qualified for debate after a "few
initial discussions showed it could
backfire against both parties."
"None of the candidates," Him-
mel said, "touched on the reason
why there is unemployment in the
A "blackout against the social-
ists by the newspapers and other
news media prevented discussion
of the real issues," he contended.
Explains Economic Drop
Turning to the alleged rise of
socialism in the United States
during recent years, Himmel ex-
plained a downturn in the nation's
economy and a relaxation of the
cold war stimulated the rise of
the socialist movement.
LITTLE ROCK (P)-Five mem-
bers of the embattled Little Rock
school board, asserting that the
integration situation placed them
in a "hopeless, helpless, frustrat-
ing position," resigned last night.
Board president Wayne Upton
said the action would enable Little
Rock voters to determine in the
Dec. 6 school elections whether
"we have public schools in Little
Rock or not."
The resignations of Upton and
members Harold Engstrom, R. A.
Lile, Frank Lambright and Dr.
W. G. Cooper Jr. left Dr. Dale Al-
ford, an avowed segregationist, as
the only remaining board member.
Shortly before the resignation
announcement, the board termi-
nated the contract of school Supt.
Virgil T. Blossom and agreed to
pay him, $19,741 for the remaining
19 months of the pact.
Alford opposed both resolutions
on grounds that no action should
be taken until a new board is
chosen in the school election next
All six board positions will be
open in the Dec. 6 election. Al-
ford's term is expiring and as a
congressman - elect he will not
seek another term.
YOUNG DEMOCRATS DISCUSS:
Voice Interpretations of. Democratic Landslide
By SUSAN HOLTZER
Three separate interpretations zeroed in last night on the Demo-
cratic election sweep, each pinpointing a' Democratic trend from a
different direction, and each drawing different conclusions.
Profs. John P. White of the political science department and
Arnold Kaufman of the philosophy department, and Philip E. Converse
of the University's Survey Research Center voiced their opinions at a.
meeting of the Young Democrats.
Calling the Democratic landslide a party election," with party alle-
"the final triumph of the New
Deal," Prof. Kaufman said it illus- glances taking precedence over
trated "the bankruptcy of liberal the recession.
thought" in the United States. The "SRC view of the election"
Liberals have been "living off the sees the landslide in terms of the
intellectual capital of the New off-year voting trend, he ex-
Deal during the last decade." he plained, which seems to be a
declared, instead of putting forth "settling back into the party
a "positive creative effort to solve mold." Independent voters, he said,#
of a party election, Prof. White
said he felt the recession was more
important than the SRC study
He also said he was not "quite
as gloomy" as Prof. Kaufman in
his estimate of the future of
liberalism. Rejecting the tendency
he saw to "see the New Dealers as
a species of philosopher-king,"
Prof. White pointed out that "we
still have men with ideas.
"We have elected men likely to
be more liberal." he declared, add-
ing that Congressional leadership,
faced with more liberal votes in its
midst, will itself become more