all t t an
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXIXNo.43 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 5,1958 FIVE CENTS
Democrats Win Congress by Overwhelmin
Lead Almost 2-1
In House, Senate
Brown Defeats Knowland;
Rockefeller Wins in East
Democrats Win Six Senate
Keating Rolls to New York
WASHlINGTON fP)-Democrats swept into control of the 86th
Congress yesterday, winning at least 282 seats in the House and 61 in
These incomplete totals gave the Democrats a gain of 25 seats
in the House and seven seats in the Senate over the last Congress.
The Democrats were leading in five other Senate races and the
Republicans in three early this morning. In the House the Democrats
were leading in 50 races and the GOP in 70.
Senate seats gained by the Democrats Include: Connecticut, In-
diana, Maine, Nevada, New Jersey and West Virginia.
Keating Upsets Hogan
Rep. Kenneth Keating of New York upset favored Democratic
state Attorney Gen, Frank Hogan in a close race for the seat held by
retiring Republican Sen. Irving Ives. And in Pennsylvania, Rep. Hugh
Lt. Gov. Philip A. Hart ousted
Republican Sen. Charles E. Potter
from his Senate seat in yesterday's
At 3 a.m., returns showed the
Democrat polling 979, 67, to 845,-
386 for the incumbent Potter.
At 3:10 Potter conceded defeat
In early returns, Hart had
opened up a bigger lead over his
opponent than had Gov. G. Men-
nen Williams. Later returns al-
tered this, but Hart still polled
more votes than any other Demo-
crat save the re-elected governor
Hart, the newly elected senator
Joins fellow-Democrat Patrick J
McNamara in Washington. He is
regarded as a little less "liberal'
than either McNamara or Gov.
Williams, his political mentors.
Hart was first elected lieutenant
governor in 1954, and had served
in various appointive positions
prior to that time.
Sen. Potter, the defeated Re-
publican, has served one six-year
term in the Senate and had repre-
sented Michigan in the House be-
fore that. He was known as a
supporter of President Dwight D,
Eisenhower generally, although
sharply differing with him on
Hart, a native of Pennsylvania,
first met Gov. Williams at the
University Law School. They have
been associated ever since.
After military service and pri-
vate law practice in Detroit, Hart
first entered public service on an
appointment by Gov. Williams as
state Corporation and Securities
Commissioner in 1949.
He later held successive posts as
Director of the Office of Price
Stabilization and United States
District Attorney for the Eastern
Hart was legal aide to the gov-
ernor when he was picked to run
for Lieutenant Governor after an
unsuccessful try for Secretary of
Potter was born on a farm near
Lapeer in 1916. He worked his
way through Michigan Normal
College with jobs in a sawmill, a
foundry and on an auto produc-
He entered the field of social
work in Cheboygan county and
has considered Cheboygan his
home ever since.
PIC To hold
"Psychology in the National
Election" will be the topic of dis-
CScott scored a stunning upset in
turning back the bid of Gov.
George M. Leader for the seat of
Edward Martin, also retiring.
Leader had been elected Penn-
sylvania governor four years ago
by a substantial margin so his
defeat came as a distinct surprise.
In a three-man scramble in
Utah, underdog Democrat Frank
E. Moss apparently gained a stun-
d ning, upset victory early today
r over incumbentkRepublican Sen.
sArthur V. Watkins.
Independent J. Bracken Lee, an
eraly favorite to give Watkins a
. Grew Sum
WASHINGTON (A) - The
86th Congress, convening in
January, 1959, will have 98
Senators and 436 members of
the House, instead of 96 Sen-
ators and 435 House members
as in previous Congresses dat-
ing back to 1913.
This will mean 50 seats in
the new Senate and 219 in the
House will be necessary for a
majority, instead of the 49 and
218 seats forming a majority
in past Congresses.
The reason for the increased
membership is that Alaska is
becoming the 49th state.
However, Alaska will not
elect its two Senators and one
House member until Nov. 25.
STATE ATTORNEY GENERAL
STATE AUDITOR GENERAL
L. M. Smith (R)-25,599
E. C. Brown (D)-15,629
REGISTER OF DEEDS
Michigan's proposed Constitu-
tional Convention went down to
WASHINGTON-Democrats clinched control of a majority of the
state capitals in yesterday's election sweep.
By 4 a.m. today the count showed 19 Democrats elected. The
party already held 9 governors' chairs not involved in the off-year
Republicans had won 5 gubernatorial races, three of them the
hard way-by ousting Democrats from the statehouses in New York,
Arizona and Rhode Island. But the Democrats turned in five upsets-
in Ohio, Maryland, Wisconsin, California and Nevada.
Nelson Rockefeller, the Republican millionaire with voter appeal,
knocked New York's Democratic Gov. Averell Harriman out of the
state house in Albany-and most likely out of a possible presidential
---nomination in 1960. The New York
i cuntngsee-sawed in thrilling
RIGHT-TO-WORK: Ifashiongfor two hours ,after the'
* polls closed. Then Rockefeller,i
1 rn imaking his first bid for public
AI tt office, swept ahead and soon was
a clear-cut winner of the nation's
No. 2 political plum.
Rockefeller's emphatic triumph
over Harriman, a fellow million-
aire, attracted all the more atten-
tion because 6f the number of
L .a s Republicans who were being de-
ofeated in other states.
WASHINGTON MP)- Right-to- Wins by 450,000
behnd n fur Rockefeller led by more than
of he ix tats werethat issue; 450,000 votes with the bulk of the
was presented to the electorate in returns ir.~
yesterday's voting. Further. he pulled his running
Oioswamp d measure. mate, Republican Rep. Kenneth B.
Anoter geatindustrial state, Keating, candidate for the United1
California, seemed likely to do the ;tes senateictor th nim.
same, and the ban against unidn ShortlY before midnight, Keat-
shops was beaten in Washington ing gained a 3,000 vote lead ver
and behind by a 3-2 margin in Frank S. Hogan, after trailing all
The latest returns showed that Specuton n the 1960 GOP
the vote was going against right- peintinonthas cen-
to-work laws in Ohio and Cali- tered primarily around Vice-Presi-
fornia by a 3-2 margin. Ohio re- dent Richard M. Nixon, with1
jected the proposal 328,794 to President Dwight D. Eisenhowerf
231,478, late returns showed. ineligible to run for a third term.t
Sen. William Knowland, who BaknIo Peiec
went down to defeat with the Backing for Presidency
right-to-work laws in his bid for But the vote-getting ability of
California's governorship said last Rockefeller in "a Democratic year";
night he had "no regrets" over his wneans he will have his backers
attempt to initiate right-to-work for the nomination.
laws. Atty. Gen. Edmund G. (Pat)
But in Kansas and Idaho the Brown was elected California's
"yes" votes ran ahead of -the second Democratic governor ofr
"noes" by a 5 to 4 margin, and in this century.
The tide of Democratic votes
Idaho the right-to-work advocates the tia of his
held a slim edge. upset the political career of his
Republican opponent, Sen. William
F. Knowland, who conceded at
Professors Set 10:32p.m. (PST) and apparently
aP n1n wn.Tt r fi 'Ro 01ai
A At 4:10 a.m. today a disappointed Bagwell concede
GOV. WILLIAMS tory td the Democratic governor. At the time, William
... wins reelection tallied 1,125,000 votes to Bag-"
MEADER WINS:; Gov. Williams, mentioned often em Qcra is
MEADER__ _INS: as a possible contender for the
1960 presidential nomination, led
a statewide Democratic ticketB o st I ou
Gnto office. i
L ocal Gov. Williams issued the follow-
ing statement after his election
had been assured this morning:
St o s"It is still too early to determine DETOI (') -- Democrs
P osnwithin any accuracy the margin Peared certain of holding
of the Democratic victory. But it seats and in a good posit
By PHILIP MUNCK is evident that the voters have capture up to four Repi
repudiated the Republican's seats in Congressional voti
Incumbent State Representative "smear Michigan" campaign and turns early this morning.
James Warner of the Second Dis- placed the -blame for recessions Republicans went into th
trict emerged the victor in the and unemployment where it right- tion with a 12-6 edge in the
only close race yesterday as other fully belongs. gan congressional delegati
Republicans swept Washtenaw "Here in M1ichigan we can now incumbents ,sought re-elect
County. join together to repair the damage One Demiocrat challed'gei
Warner was leading Democrat done to our public interests by the Republican incumbent and
Maurice Hoffman 11,827 to 9,109 type'of destructive campaign the others ran hot on the heels a
with all returns in. All other Re- Republicans have waged. Republican opponents.
publicans were leading by com- "I'm deeply grateful to the peo- McIntosh Trails
fortable margins and sure of elec- ple of Michigan for their renewed The lone Republican cor
tiohr at 3:15 a.mi. today.,oiec nm man trailing his Democrati
The proposalmto build a new expression of wnd egenmywas Robert J. McIntosh, see
jail passed by only 184 votes. administration and I pledge my second term in the 7th t
Winning reelection were United best and unremitting efforts to that reaches from Detroit nc
States Rep. George Meader, State the restoration of prosperity in Port Huron.
Senator Lewis Christman, and Michigan and the building of a Democrat James O'Ha
State Rep. George Sallade - all greater and better Michigan com- Rochester attor'ney makit
incumbents. Also elected were munity. first race for public ofmc
William F. Ager, Jr., prosecuting Williams Pleased McIntosh 52,414 to 45,232 wi
attorney; George A. Petersen, Gov. Williams had seemed more of 347 precincts counted.
country sheriff; and Luella M. pleased as the evening wore on. Republican engaged in d.
Smith, county clerk. Each won by When asked what he thought of ously tight races for ree:
about 6,000 votes. Bagwell's statement that the Re- were Victor A. Knox of the
With 46 precincts reporting, publican would be "re-elected" in but sparsely populated 11t
county voters favored a constitu- 1960, the governor just smiled. trict that spans the Stra
See REPUBLICANS, Page 2 He appeared for the first time Mackinac, Charles E. Chaml
By The Associated Press
defeat in yesterday's election, as -uring the evening at 11:30 or a
Thus the election yesterday early-morning returns indicated Engle into the United States Sen- brief talk with his campaign man-
did not complete the roster of an insufficient number of votes 1au on vO e ate over Gov. Goodwin J. Knight. ager and other Democratic party
the new Congress. cast for the referendum, Claims Victory leaders, then retreated to his study
Only 560,272 ballots were marked The elections - both state and Brown, a self-styled political in the governor's mansion.
close run for his seat, trailed from either way on the issue. Of these, national - will be discussed by moderate, claimed victory at 10:08 oe. * * * Mansion Jammed
the start. a majority of 328,794 approved the four University faculty members (PST). He then held a growing The mansion was jammed with
CeocratssweptintoofficeinConvention, with 321,478 voting at 8 p.m. tomorrow over radio lead of more than 100,000 votes. MONTPELIER, Vt. (P)-The first party workers and well-wishers
Connecticut winning a seat in the against it. station WUOM-FM. "I believe the decisiveness of the Democrat since 1852 to be elected optimistically awaiting the re-
U.S. Senate and all six Congres- However, passage of the referen- Taking place in this "back- election returns indicates I have to Congress from Vermont yes- turns.
sigonal posts in addition to the dum requires a simple majority ground" program will be Prof. been elected governor," said the terday won the state's lone seat in Stacks of telegrams prematurely
governorship, 'of the number of votes cast in the Preston W. Slosson, of the history two-term attorney general- the House of Representatives, congratulating the governor on
Thomas J. Doddwo n an Wileasy gubernatorial election. department, and Professors John Brown jumped ahead of Knowl- Former Gov. Harold J. Arthur his "overwhelming" success ac-
licrm over incumbent Sen.Wi- With 1,483.614 ballots filed in P. White and Henry L. Bretton, and at the start of the counting (R) conceded victory to Democrat cumulated early in the evenin.
FmA. Purtell. the contest for governor, the Con- both of the political science de- of more than five million votes. William H. Meyer in their figlt for At 9:15, for example, one ap-
First in 20 Years vention needed 741,821 votes of partment. Prof. Bretton will serve The Repnblican senator at no Vermont's lone seat in the United peared reading "Congratulations
Harrison A. Williams, Jr., won ' approval for passage. C as moderator. See 0111, Page 2 States House. See WILLIAMS, Page 2
New Jersey's Senate election, the ,Pg
first Democrat in two decades to
turn the trick.
With four-fifths of the vote
counted Williams, a youthfulinal otas 1n tudents Elect To Study
lawyer, led his Republican rival, i S
Rep, Robert W. Kean 831,067 toI
726,301. By LANE VANDERSLICE
In Indiana voting Vance Hartke,-A
Democratic mayor of Evansville, Student apathy and bluebook pressure - with an assist from
rolled to an easy win over Gov. "Raunch Night" and Harvey the Six-Foot Rabbit - made the elections
Harold W. andey forrithe.postmJn-last night just another item of business for the majority of University
left by retiring Sen. William Jen- tdns
The Republicans led in Wyo- While some were interested, and crowded by television sets and
ming, where Sen. Frank Barrett radios and in the studios of WCBN to hear the results, most students
sought re-election. regarded the elections as something to catch up on in a study break,
Democrats captured both Sen- or save until today when a quick summary could be gotten in the
ate seats at stake in West Vir- morning newspaper.
ginia and were battling to add "Nobody's paying much attention on our floor," one sorority girl
to their 4-2 margin in Congress. said. And as the floor went, so cent the University.
See INDIANA, Page 2 Harvey Outdraws Congress
Oblivious to the elections, the Union showed "Harvey the Six-Foot
in the 6th district that rE
from Lansing to Flint,'and W
S. Broomfield in the 18th d
Broomfield trailed Den
Leslie Hudson through ear
turns, then surged into a 74,
61,991 lead with 211 of 29
cincts reporting. Hudson, a
tiac hardware dealer, now
Knox, after trailing in
returns, edged into a 11,2
10,479 lead over Democrat Pr
M. Brown, Jr., with 98 of 30
cincts counted. Brown, son
former United States Senato
making his third try at uns
Chamberlain, battling al
the Democrat he unseatec
years ago, led Don Hay
29,926 to 25,527 with 108 c
All the districts represent
Democrats are located in th
Three Democratic ineur
swept to victory in short o:
Louis C. Rabaut to a 12th to
the 14th district, Thaddeus I
rowicz to a fifth term in ti
district, and John D. Dingel
third term in the 15th dist
and the other democrats held
Rabbit" to new freshmen in the Union Ballroom, "Raunch Night" took
most of the 170 men of Gomberg House dowin to the basement of South
Quadrangle to shout approval at a parody burlesque show.
Two students in West Quad sat silently watching television in