5.. page 4
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
VO&. LN ..37,ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1958 FIVE CENTS
* * *
TAIPE (')--The shooting over
the Quemoy Offshore islands ebbed
Tension eased as Red gunfire
The Nationalists announced that
297 Red shells hit the Quemoys
in sporadic barrages Monday, but
there was no word of any hits on
supply landing areas. The Com-
munists have ruled those areas
off-limite for their guns on even-
A Nationalist spokesman indl-
cated, however, that Quemoy com-
manders were operating as though
the cease-fire did not exist.
"Comm~anders on the spot will
nwle their own military decisions
when to go into the beach" said
Adm. Liu Hoh-Tu, Chief National-
tst military spokesman. "The Reds'
every-other-day business can be
regarded only as Communist-vol-
unteered intllgence information,
their own j d enth
Now Shelling Lightly
Liu said the Reds are now shell-
%Ing lightly just to create a nui-
anoe "because the Communists
have known since the second week
(of the artillery war) that their
chance to invade Quemoy was
The Reds, he said, miscalculated
on two counts.
"They did not expect the Ameri-
can stand to be so firm and they
did not expect our defenders could
wbtastand even the first seven days
of their heavy bombardment'"
(EDITOR'S NOTX: This is the se-
auth in a series of is articles written
} by Prof. Arthur W. Bromag of the
UaIvers t's politial science depart-
ment on the question of seling a
Constitutional Convention. That is-
sue will appear on the Nov. 4 ballot.)
By ARTHUR W. IROMAGE
A state constitution laden with
deta~is about its courts makes the
administration of justice rigid.
Flexibility of the courts to meet
pop u l a t i on shifts and area
changes should be facilitated in
any revised constitution in Michi-
The present judicial provisions
permit certain adaptability and
efficiency. The Supreme Court.
for Instance, has supervision over
the lower courts and makes rules
of procedure for practice in them.
On the other hand, Michigan's
article on the judiciary specifical-
ly recognizes circuit courts, pro-
bate cou-ts, and justice of the
peace courts. To some degree it
determines their jurisdiction. Re-
cently written judicial articles use
generalized language, leaving de-
tails about organization and juris-
diction of the courts to the Legis-
lature, This is exemplified in
The features which earmark
New Jersey's 1947 constitutional
provisions on the courts as mod-
ern are: Legislative discretion to
adjust the jurisdictions; substan-
tial integration of the whole sys-
M under the chief justice; de-
temntion by the Supreme
Court subject to law, of rules
governing practice and procedure
ti all courts, and gubernatorial
*fen of Jug
Views tn Opposition
As to how Michigan should se-
lect its judges, opposing points of
view arise. At present, judges of
the circuit and probate courts
must be chosen by nonpartisan
primaries and elections. Justices
of the Supreme Court must be
elected' on nonpartisan primaries
and elections. Justices of the Su-
preme Court must be elected on
nonpartisan ballots but be nom-
inated, as the state law requires,
See DETAILED, Page 2
ns 11 n .
Patriarch of Venice
r' evated at Age 76
VATICAN CITY WA) - Angelo
Giuseppe Cardinal Roncalli, an
Italian skilled in Vatican diplo-
macy, was elected Pope last night.
He chose the name John XXIII.
The bells of St. Peter's and 500
Rome churches rang out a carol of
triumph. Hundreds of thousands
in St. Peter's square roared an
ovation as the Patriarch of Venice
became Pope at the age of 76.
His election ended three days of
intense suspense centering about
To Hold Open Meeting
Student Government Council will meet with the administration
on Sigma Kappa tonight in an open session following the SGC meeting.
Council President Maynard Goldman said he knew of no specific
proposals to be presented in efforts to resolve the jurisdictional dispute
between the Council and administration on recognition of organiza-
tions. The joint meeting was called by the SOC Board in Review,
which was reviewing the Council decision finding Sigma Kappa
"still in violation of University
e e rules-.
C ouncil Lists The sorority, admitted to cam-
pus in 1954, had suspended two
chapters after they had pledged
Negroes. The University ruled in
1949 that groups recognized since
At the 5 p.m. deadline yesterday, that time may not have discrimi-
17 students including Student Gov- natory membership policy.
ernment Council President May- Dean of Women Deborah Bacon
nard Goldman, '59, had filed peti- said during the review board meet-
tions qualifying them as candidates ing that a letter to the Council
in the SOC elections Nov. 11 and from Vice-President for Student
12. Affairs James A. Lewis represented
Goldman and Sue Rockne, '60, administrative practice and left
are the only incumbants running SGC no choice but to find Sigma
for the five open SGC seats, while Kappa no longer in violation.
Robert Haber, '60, recently ap- Miss Bacon, Lewis and Dean of
pointed to fill a Council vacancy, Men Walter B. Rea will meet with
will also be a candidate, the Council tonight.
Others who have filed petitions, During the regular meeting,
complete with 350 signatures from SGC will hear a proposal that
the student body, are Ronald Bas- historian Henry Steele Commager
sey, '61, David Carpenter, '61, be invited by the Council to speak
Thomas David, Grad., Irwin Dinn, during International Week.
'61, Ron Gregg, '60, Brian Higgins, There would be no admission
'60, Charles Kozoll, '60, and Roger charge, Belin said, if the Council
Levy, '60E. agrees to the proposal.
Paul Lichter, '60, Roger Mahey,
'61, Jerry Manning, '60, Elmer
Prueske, '60, Richard Sims, '61,
and Kenneth Stuart, '60, complete
the list of candidates. LAS VEGAS (R) - Edsel A.
SGC Executive Vice-President Gray is worried.
Dan Belin, '59, and Lois Wurster, He is using wooden nickels
'60, had announced previously that in his campaign for Clark
they would not run again. Belin County Auditor-Recorder and,
listed 'pressing academic de- should his campaign come un-
mands" as the main reason he is glued, it could cost him plenty
not a candidate. of genuine dollars.
Claiim Rio, Lewis'
In ootball Pool
Five Others Named in Crackdown
Following Extensive Investigation
By BARTON HUTHWAITE
and PHILIP MUNCK
Seven students, including a first-string football player
and the captain of the basketball team, are being arraigned
this morning for their part in a campus-wide football gam-
bling card syndicate.
The crackdown came after five weeks of investigation by
the Ann Arbor detective bureau and The Daily with the co-
operation of the University.
Charged in Warranta
Anthony Rio, '59, varsity fullback, Jack Lewis, '59BAd,
captain of the basketball team, Carl Riseman, '59, a Daily
Associate Sports Editor, Mike?
.. new Pop
a deadlocked conclave of the 51
Cardinals, gathered to choose a
successor to Pope Pius XII.
Disappointed in five other vigils
--through 11 unsuccessful ballots'
in the past three days-the crowd
broke into a joyous frenzy as JohnN
XXIII made his first appearance
on the balcony overlooking St.
They roared "Viva I Papa!"-
long live the Pope !-over and over
as the new Pontiff slowly raised
his arms in benediction.
The new Pontiff, Italian like
his predecessors for 436 years, is
regarded by Catholics as the 262nd
vicar of Christ on earth and a
direct successor to St. Peter.
The selection of Cardinal Ron-
calli-19 days after Pius XII died
-bore out predictions that the
Pope would be chosen from among
the older Italian members of the
College of Cardinals.
Some might regard John XXIII
as a "transition Pope," not des-
tined to institute any notable
changes in Catholic church policy.
But John XXIII, like his cele-,
brated predecessor, has been a
diplomat of many years experi-
Though his policies may prove
conservative, he is expected to
follow the general direction laid;
down in the 19 years of Pius XI's
reign and to be a militant de-'
fender of the Catholic church's
interests in world affairs.
The election ended a conclave
which had seemed headed for a
long deadlock. It must be pre-
sumed he was elected on the 12th
ballot of the 51 cardinals in the
sealed-off, guarded conclave.
The balloting' began Sunday
GAMBLING CARDS-These are some of the cards used in the
campus gambling activities. They list the teams that are playing
on a given weekend and give the downrated team a "spot" of so
many points. Thus the actual score of the game plus the spot
given to underdog Is calculated to make the final score even. This
makes the choice of teams pure chance on the part of the card
player. Bets of one dollar and up are taken with odds of up to 500
to one for the current choice of 20 teams.
Gargoyle, the campus humor
magazine, will hold an organiza-
tional meeting at 7:30 p.m. todayE
in the Gargoyle office of the Stu-I
dent Publications Building, David
Newman, editor of the magazine,
Newman urged all students with
a sense of humor who like to write,
draw cartoons or work on a busi-
ness staff to attend the meeting
and find out what Gargoyle's plans
Students will be organized into
staffs to begin work on the first
issue of the reinstated magazine
which wil appear sometime next
month, he explained. The issue
will be based on the theme, "Back
All looked peachy until a
casino owner in this gambling
resort had a dismaying
thought. The nickels were
about dollar size. Would they
work in a dollar slot machine?
He tried one. It did.
He tried others. They did. In
a few tries, he had 18 genuine
California candidate for gov-4
ernor 0. Pat Brown has taken a
stand against recognition by the
University of California of fra-
ternities and sororities practicing
Brown told the Daily Californian
that he was 100 per cent in favor
of a plank in the Democratic plat-
form calling for "denial of official
recognition by school authorities,
student councils and student gov-
ernment bodies to student social
organizations that restrict their
membership on the basis of race,
color, creed or national origin."
He said the issue was not one
of whether or not fraternities and
Dulles Asks Soviet Decision
On One--Year Nuclear Ban
WASHINGTON (P-Secretary of State John Foster Dulles said
yesterday the Russians may be shying away from a nuclear testing ban
because they realize how far behind they are in developing atomic-
At the same time, at a news conference, he voiced a plea that the
Russians accept the British-American proposal for a one-year ban
beginning Friday. "The United States for its part stands by its offer
1to withhold further testing of nu-
sororities could discriminate, but
whether the state could extend
official recognition to them if they
Republican candidate William F.
Knowland said, "I think these
social organizations should be al-
lowed to determine freely their
own choice of members. Recogni-
tion or non-recognition is strictly
a matter of university policy."
The discrimination issue was
brought to the attention of the
governorship candidates when 15
minority rights organizations and
action groups requested the state
attorney general to hand down a
The Daily Californian reported
that Milton Stenn, attorney for
the Jewish organization B'nai
B'rith, told the paper the move
was designed to "put a stop" to
discrimination by fraternities and
similar groups "permanently."
He emphasized that the action
was being brought because the
B'nai B'rith, the National Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of
Colored People, the Congress of
Industrial Organizations and other
organizations objected to present
University of California policy.
The school recognizes and ap-
proves as university housing fra-
ternities and sororities which,
Stenn noted, "have barred Jews,1
Negroes and other minorities from
equal use of their facilities."
LANSING (/F -Lt. Gov. Philip"
A. Hart, Democratic candidate for
United States Senator, yesterday
disputed Vice - President Richard
Nixon's claims regarding Michi-
gan's gains in manufacturing jobs.
Vice-President Nixon, address-
ing a 100 dollar a plate Republican
dinner Monnv in Fint, nhaed
Dodgson, '59BAd, Nick Mitea,
'60, John Miller, '61E and Dur-
ward Collins, '59, were charged
in warrants issued yesterday
afternoon with having an ille-
Police indicated that the stu-
dents were working separately and
that some students were not in-
volved as deeply as others.
If convicted of the misdemean-
or, the students could serve 90
days in jail and/or a $100 fine.
H. O. (Fritz) Crisler director of
athletics, said yesterday in a pre-
pared statement, "We are remov.-
ing from their respective athletic
squads .. . both athletes (Rio and
Lewis) involved in these charges
until their cases are decided."
But police said they are not
eliminating the possibility of pre-
fering charges of conspiracy to
violate state gaming laws,
The conspiracy charge carries a
maximum penalty of five years in
prison. County Prosecutor Booker
Williams said yesterday he has no
immediate plans for pressing con-
Municipal Court Judge Francis
O'Brien issued the warrants for
the seven students to appear in
court at 10 a.m.
The gambling cards have been
passed since the beginning of the
football season this fall with an
average weekly take estimated at
about $3,500 per week.
Both football coach Bennie
Oosterbaan and basketball coach
Bil Perigo expressed shock at
the disclosures and said that they
were not aware of the athletes'
"We don't wish to pre-judge a
case of this kind before all the
facts are known and to date we
know only what has appeared in
the press," Crisler said.
"However, the University ex-1
pects its athletes to remain above
all suspicion, necessarily main-
taining even higher standards of
conduct than expected of students
generally," he continued.
Carl Riseman, '59, Daily Asso-
ciate Sports Editor, has temporar-
ily withdrawn from The Daily
Because of his involvement in
the football parley cards ring
which has been disclosed, Rise-
,man stated: "I feel that it is best
if I temporarily withdraw froml
The Daily until final action isl
taken in this case. This will make
it easier on. both The Daily staff
See 'L' STVJ)ENTS, Page 2
By THOMAS TURNER
University students asked to
comment on yesterday's arrest of
seven students in a gambling
crack-down indicated little con-
cern or surprise.
"The only real trouble with the
mess is that it violates a law,"
Inter-House Council President
Robert Ashton, '59, called the sale
of parley cards "a new angle on
selling magazines for extra cash."
Want to Make Money
Yvonne Stein, '59, compared the
practice to the sale of "nontrans-
ferable" student football tickets.
"People just want to make
money," she said.
The only aspect of the affair
which surprised him, Joel Paris,
'60, said, is that the students in-
volved, particularly the athletes,
"didn't think of the fact they
were endangering their reputa-
tions and careers."
He is sure gambling has been
"going on for years" on the cam-
pus, Paris continued.
Charles Matthews, '61, indicat-
ed surprise that Rio and Lewis
were involved and said, "It's a
shame people as highly thought of
as they were had to be in on
something like this."
University Vice-President for
Student Affairs James A. Lewis,
said the University will conduct
its own investigation of the mat-
ter beginning tomorrow after the
"We won't pre-judge these
people;nothing has been proven
as yet," Lewis said.
Any University discipline will
be handled through the regular
channels, he added,
Students contacted agreed the
publicity given the gambling
crackdown would harm the Uni-
Finalists who will compete in
the Lantern Night Sing 7:30 p.im.
Monday in Hill Auditorium were
announced last night after all par-
ticinating grouns nerfnrmed in
Russian Scientists Win Nobel Prize
clear weapons when the Geneva
negotiations begin Oct. 31, unless
evidence is received that the Soviet
Union has actually conducted a
weapons test after that date," the
Secretary told reporters.
Secretary Dulles also charged
that Russia has aggressive military
dispositions in the Arctic.
That, he said, is the conclusion
which must be drawn from Rus-
ci 'r " t i y \ 7o- a . .."..
STOCKHOLM UP)- Three Rus-
sian nuclear scientists won the
Nobel prize in physics yesterday,
posing a problem for the Kremlin,.
The prize for chemistry went to
The Russians are P. A. Cheren-
kov, 1. M. Frank and Igor E.
Tamm, all Moscow professors."
They were cited jointly for their
work with high speed, subatomic
particles. One product of their re-
search was a cosmic ray counter.
One suh ou ntienow is irclignsr
Tatum works at the Rockefeller'
Institute in New York. Beadle is
head of the California Institute of
Technology Division of Biology,
Lederberg heads the department of
genetics and medical genetics at '
the University of Wisconsin.
Must Make Decision
Now the Kremlin must- decide
what to do about the Russian
scientists winning the award. It
has already brought down its
wrath on the Nobel Prize com-
,mitte.e fr roseinff Aunr m. m.i-
On the other hand, Cherenkov,
Frank and Tamm are among the
scientific elite in Russia and are
the first Soviet nuclear scientists
ever to receive a Nobel citation.
The Kremlin, proud of Soviet sci- s sveto ouia.Western proposal
entific achievements, would like for international inspection to re-
to hahieemenswold. likeduce the danger of surprise attack
to have them recognized, over the North Pole.
But the question arises whether In a speech prepared for de-
'ie Kremlin can let the three liNvery at a dinner of the Pilgrims
scientists attend the presentation of the United States, Secretary
ceremonies for their $41,420casht Dulles renewed the offer to set up
prize while keeping Pasternak an Ar-tic mIspection system.