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October 19, 1958 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1958-10-19

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Sixty-Ninth Year

'When upnions Are Fre
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

)AY, OCTOBER 19, 1958


Dulles Visit Should
Fasten Chiang to Leash

OFFICIALLY it is not yet known exactly what
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles will
discuss with Chiang Kai-shek when the two
meet in Formosa next week. But unofficial re-
ports on the conference indicate that nothing
about the basic problem of the offshore islands
-i.e.-who is to control them-will be con-
sidered. Certainly this will be true if Chiang
really means what he said Friday in an inter-
view with The New York Times: "We are not
making predictions but we are definitely deter-
mined to hold the offshore islands."
The talks should be partly intended to re-
move misunderstandings about American com-
mitments to the Formosan regime which have
resulted in good part from Secretary Dulles
vacilating positions and ambiguous press con-
ference statements.
BUT 1MORE IMPORTANT, the talks should
be directed primarily at how Chiang's troops
can be removed and how the islands can be
turned over to the Chinese Communists with the
least loss of face for Chiang and the West.
Currently there is discussion among officials
and in the- press about an exchange of man-
power for firepower on the islands, about the
most effective, efficient use of available forces
and about a, continuing, unofficial truce over
the islands. While all of these factors must be
considered, overemphasis of them will continue
to obscure the key issue of island control.
The offshore islands are really in a most un-
tendable position; as military observers have
already said. Their importance to Chiang
strategically is nil except to use as a base for
offensive assaults on the mainland-something
almostveveryone considers impossible. Even
though Chiang claimed in the Times interview
that Nationalist forces have "proved" that they
can hold the islands and that the United States
need not become involved, it is extremely doubt-
ful if this will be true in the future. A concen-
trated, continued heavy shelling of the islands
The 'U's Legislati
AST WEEK the University sent its annual
headache-the budget-to Lansing. The re-
quest, filed with State Controller James Miller,
asks for $37 million dollars to continue opera-
tions in the 1959-60 year. A capital outlay re-
quest has also been filed, seeking $19 million
for construction.
While any conclusions may be premature,
it is likely the pattern of recent years will be
repeated; in other words, the University re-
quest will be slashed by the legislators.
Admittedly, several factors make this con-
clusion tentative. In the first place, November
elections are due to somewhat revamp the
roster of the two standing committees-the
House Ways and Means Committee and the
Senate Appropriations Committee-having pri-
mary power on budget matters. What will hap-
pen to the University's request when studied by
a partially changed group is, of course, a
matter of speculation.
A; SECOND VARIABLE which makes predic-
tions tentative is the awaited report of the
Boyer committee on higher education. The re-
port, based largely on the educational surveys
made by John Dale Russell, will be made before
the legislature, probably during the January
session. Its effects-if any-on legislative think-
ing may influence the final appropriation.
Another report, from the House general taxa-
tion committee, may have the most significant
effect on the University budget. Headed by
Rep. Rollo Conlin (R-Tipton), the group has
surveyed the state's current financial crisis,

probably would eventually either starve out the
Nationalists or force Chiang to retaliate against
the shore batteries with his air force, an action
that surely would require the United States
to come to his rescue.
CHIANG CLAIMED in the interview that
evacuation of the islands would cause "all
the people of Asia (to) lose confidence in Amer-
ica" as well as disillusion all anti-Communists
on the mainland. However, determination to
stand up against the Communists has been
shown and this argument sounds much like the
ones used by Americans against United States
recognition of Communist China. Its validity
is as much a matter of speculation. It seems,
however, that a gradual withdrawal from the
islands would not have such an effect. On the
other hand, evacuation will get the United
States out of the doghouse with its other allies
who have no sympathy for risking war over
a few hunks of desolate rock.
The Chinese Communists have put the finger
on the West by halting their bombardment of
the islands. Now Secretary Dulles is under pres-
sure to resolve the problem rather than let it
drift until the Communists decide to bring
it up again.
THE WEST is in an untendable position; the
only practical solution-although it may
not be a very pleasant one-is to draw back.
To do so will not be an abandonment of the
Western position in the Far East; American
commitments to Formosa will be just the same.
The task Secretary Dulles has before him is to
bring Chiang into line with American and
Western interests, as odd as that may sound.
Only if Chiang is brought under control, will
the United States be able to achieve a fairly
stable situation in the Formosan area.
Associate Editor
ve Responsibility
concentrating specifically on the tax situa-
tion. Shortly after elections, they are expected
to announce their findings and recommend
revision of the statewide tax structure. If such
changes were adopted, it is conceivable that
many more dollars would be available for
higher education; in fact, this may be the
University's only real hope for funds.
However, the proposals of the Conlin com-
mittee, if they do call for a sweeping change,
may require some time, perhaps two years,
to effect. In other words, the state financial
picture temporarily is liable to become darker
than it already is.
WITH SUCH EXISTING conditions, it is
doubtful that higher education-at least
at the University and Michigan State Univer-
sity-is going to receive the funds it requests.
One must not hastily accuse the legislators of
begin anti-intellectual ogres, either. They have
a practical pressing problem-that of trying to
fit budget requests to the realities of revenue.
Since there is no revenue, cuts must be made.
And since no taxes are earmarked specifically
for higher education as gasoline taxes are
pegged for highways, the field becomes par-
ticularly vulnerable.
In a final sense, one must admire the Uni-
versity's persistant hammering for more funds,
for a better quality of education. It is their
important duty, even in the face of slash after
slash, to continually remind the legislature, and
ultimately the public, of higher education's

Faculty Art
an excellent opportunity for
showing off in one way or another.
Host-playing also necessitates an
inspection of one's house, an eval-
uation on one's resources, a general
pulling together of one's wits. It
is a time for taking stock and
putting in order.
The art department and the
School of Architecture and Design
is making the most of such an
opportunity right now, the excuse
being the three-day Midwest Col-
lege Art Conference which ended
yesterday. In expectation of this
visit by art educators and their
guests, the architecture and design
building has been turned out with
showing of student works in its
hallways and lobby from the sev-
eral departments of the school.
This project is in itself large
and important, worthy of notice by
our recent visitors and, it is to be
hoped, interested members of the
University community. The collec-
tion provides an excellent oppor-
tunity to see and study the quality
and level of student work being
done here.
If it were not for an even larger
and more important showing being
exhibited concurrently, this stu-
dent presentation would merit con-
siderably more attention here. Al-
most unfortunately-for the stu-
dent show alone would provide
wealth enough for the moment-.
there is also showing of works by
the faculty of the School of Archi-
tecture and Design.
*4* *
most the entire second floor gallery
space of the Alumni Hall galleries
of the Museum of Art and also is
in the exhibition area of the Un-
SPRING DANCE dergraduate Library. Size alone
... by James Miller would indicate the importance of
"M A
Munch, Programingf
Mar Performance

the show, quality and variety es-
tablished it as an exhibition of
major importance in the develop-
ment of the school as well as a
high point on the calendar of the
The show is by invitation. Each
member of the faculty was allotted
a maximum of space which he was
asked to fill with works of his own
choice. Such a procedure has a
triple merit. There is no necessity
in this system for a selections jury
(thus avoiding bruised sensibili-
ties), and the viewer sees what
each faculty member feels is his
important recent work (the ma-
jority of the works were produced
within the last year).
Probably most important, how-
ever, such selection of work pro-
vides an insight into the capacities
and directions of the individual
members and of the group. These
considerations are of the utmost
importance both the functioning
of the school and to the under-
standings of the student of the
In attempting some comment on
the collection as a whole, one is
confused by the very richness and
variety of the offerings. The gallery
visitor is overwhelmed with the
volume-the works of some thirty-
seven men and women in a tre-
mendously broad range of areas
and media are on display.
One can only compare the pro-
fusion, and one's feeling of near
bewildered satiety, to the Christ-
mas holidays when one is glutted
with too large outpourings of
good will, music, fruit cake, port
wine, relatives, and festivitiy.
There is a feeling in the galleries
(even without the presence of visi-
tors) of a rush hour subway, some
of the works are almost crowded
out, or are in competition one with
Perhaps, in view of the particu-
lar timing of the show with the
conference some likening of it to
a potlatch would not be inappro-
priate. Certainly, the conferees
will have a long way to go to meet
or top this expression of hospi-
ANYONE wishing to savor the
show properly would be well ad-
vised to view it in several visits
rather than trying to encompass
the whole in one session. To a de-
gree such a procedure has been
facilitated by the hanging of the
show, works of a similar nature
being hung, for the most part,
together. This has not been en-
tirely possible, however, nor has
each of the works been afforded
the space desirable for its most
advantageous presentation - far
greater floor and wall space would
have been necessary. The hanging
committee has managed nobly,
however, and has achieved a de-
gree or order and poise that is little
short of miraculous. A serene and
spacious atmosphere-usually con-
sidered the best for viewing art
works-is lacking, but one is vivid-
ly aware of the dynamic and un-
regimented personalities which
have gone to make up the show
and, of course, the faculty.
IN ONE SENSE the show is too
big, too disparate. There is no
theme or continuity that one can
usually find in a one man or small
group show. It cannot be ques-
tioned, however, that the exhibi-
tion is one of the highest quality.
Viewers may be more or less at-
tracted to certain works for any
number of reasons. It is to be




EARLY STAGE-Above is a model for a fountain and pool designed
for a department store in University Heights, Cleveland, Ohio, by
Richard Jennings. A large percentage of the works being exhbited
in the current faculty art show have been done within the last year.

UNEXCITING is the word for it.
The Boston Symphony Or-
chestra last night played three
symphonies spanning nearly two
centuries in time, but all on the
same emotional level. Mozart's
"Haffner" Symphony comes mod-
erately late in his symphonic out-
put, being 35th of 41, but it is
far removed emotionally from the
great final three. The fast move-
ments are bright and charming,
but do not achieve any dramatic
intensity; the slow movement is
lovely and lyric, but is not brushed
with brooding introspection.
Honegger's 5th Symphony seems
the output of a dreary man. Not
in evidence are the youthful bounce
of "Le Roi David," the surging
power of "Pacific 231," or the
forceful religiosity of the "Sym-
phonie Liturgique." And as for
Beethoven's sixth: it has been dis-
cussed and analyzed by many, and
all agree that it is pleasant, per-
haps great; fine' as background
music for a day in the country, or
for an evening at home; fine to
listen to and perhaps analyze, but
not dramatic, not exciting.
* * * '
THESE three works perhaps de-
serve individual replaying, but not
on the same program. With the
"Haffner," give us some nice tight
Stravinsky; with the Honegger,
some sturm und drang Beethoven;
with the Pastoral, some vigorous
Brahms. The significance of pro-
gramming in the overall effect of
a concert seems often -underesti-
mated by those in charge, which
is a pity. One left Hill Auditorium
last night quietly rested, almost
asleep; occasional moments of
sonic hysteria in the Honegger
were rousing, but one was never
The Haffner is gay but not re-
plete with meaning. It should be
performed with delicacy, and it
was not. The fault, it seems to us,
is with Munch, who has lost much
of his early fire and brilliance in
recent years. The first movement
was dry and a bit slow; the Minuet,

positively stodgy, with the Trio
emerging as a dirge. It was not
until the Finale that things
finally began to sparkle and the
conclusion was joyful.
* . *
THROUGHOUT the concert one
was conscious of a curious fact;
apparently Munch's tenure has
been beneficial for the orchestra
itself. The string section has lost
none of its famed luster, but it is
now equaled by the wind section,
now one of the finest. It is difficult
to fathom what has happened. In
rehearsals Munch must be ex-
cellent; such sound as were pro-
duced last night do not come easy
nor without arduous study. At
performance time the orchestra
responds to his commands with
precision and devotion; unfortu-
nately the commands are often
wrong. Munch seems in control of
the orchestra, but no of himself.
* * *
phony, unfamiliar to me, was a
disappointment. There was little
in it that the composer had not
said before, and said better for
is freshness then. The opening is
a heavily colored, slowly moving
chorale, with dissonant harmonies.
It Was a reminiscent of Hinde-
mith's Matthis der Maler, or of the
Orestes music of Milhaud, and not
'significantly better than them,
which would have excused its de-
rivation. Later in the first move-
ment and again in the last there
were unnecessarily blatant trum-
pet noises which were of little
musical effect.
There were some lovely moments
in the performance of the Pas-
toral. I remember particularly the
magical woodwind thirds over run-
ning thirds near the end of the
second movement. But then, curi-
ously, in the dance-like movement
there reappeared the heavy- hand-
edness which had plagued the
Mozart Minuet. Something seems
wrong with Dr. Munch these days;
we hope it is temporary.
-J. Philip Benkard

hoped they will be aware of the
over all excellence of the show.
* * *
an exhibition as a criteria of merit
of a faculty are obvious. The fact
that an individual produces works
of a high competence does not
guarantee that he will be a great
or even adequate teacher, that he
will be able to lead the guide stu-
dents. This is true in all fields, but
especialy true in creative areas,
and teaching competence must be
judged on other than production
The quality of production and
the variety of production do indi-
cate, however, pertinent considera-
tions for a school. Perhaps most
important are the qualities of
thinking engaged in by the indi-
vidual faculty members in the
production of their art expressions.
Of equal importance is the
breadth and range that these ex-
pressions cover, and the breadth
and range of personal and social
uses in and through which the ex-
pressions are embodied. The quali-
ties discerned in the works are
the raw materials of the staff as
teachers, being their various ap-
proaches to and understandings of
their world. The calibre and virtue
of the members of the Architecture
and Design faculty are here dis-
played for examination in terms
of concrete objects. The show is a
clear revelation of the values, in-
sights, and abilities the various
members of the faculty bring into
play in their various interpreta-
tions of the teacher role.

THE RECENT conference has
afforded the School of Architecture
and Design an opportunity to
properly strut its stuff, and, in
so doing, has necessitated its pres-
entation of itself openly for inspec-
tion. Submission to such an lnspec.
tion takes courage. To pass such
a test should be not only a vindi-
cation of ones presumption at
undergoing the test, but should
also provide a secure footing for
further evaluation and develop-
To attempt a listing of the works
included in the show would be
boring and unnecessary-the items
are on display and can be seen.
To introduce comments or personal
criticism would be, by the nature
of the exhibition, largely irrelevant
and inappropriate. The totality of
the exhibition, rather than its de-
tails or the idiosyncratic lacks of
some component parts, are the im-
portant considerations
. The exhibition will continue for
six weeks.
IN ADDITION TO the faculty
showing features a group of photo-
graphs of the artists taken by Miss
Sara Schwartz, Senior in photog-
raphy, School of Architecture and
Design. Miss Schwartz has the rare
insight of not only recognizing the
various artists' peculiar qualities;
but has also been able to catch
these in her portrait studies; These
photographs should not be passed
over simply as program notes-
they are top level art works in their
own right.
--David Guillaume

Preview Look at Library Sculpture

OFFEE ..BLACK By Richard Taub
Fraternity Education

WITHDRAWAL of a charter last week from
a Lambda Chi Alpha local fraternity
points up something many people have known
for a long time:
That when a fraternity removes a bias clause
from its constitution, it frequently just places
t somewhere else. And that the typical fra-
ernity argument about wonderful progress
hrough education is largely myth.
The Lambda Chi case is a good example of
how this works. The Hamilton chapter (which
aad its charter revoked), did not even pledge a
Negro. It Just passed a statement which said
hat membership would not be restricted "for
my reasons of race, religion or color."
Bruce Johnson, president of the Lambda Chi
chapter on this campus explained, "they re-
.used to abide by the membership requirements
>f the national fraternity."
These requirements are: "qualifications for
nembership are to be acceptable to the gen-
ral fraternity, to believe in the principles of
Christianity and to be of the white or Ameri-
an Indian races."
Yet. Lambda Chi does not have, as

ter) had bias clauses in their constitutions.
Through a policy of education the number is
now down to four. This is progress."
Lambda Chi is one of the fraternities that
"used to have a bias clause."
THE IMPLICATIONS are great. If Lambda
Chi is at all representative, and it appears
to be, hardly any progress has been made at
Whether or not a bias clause, or as it is
euphemistcally called, selectivity clause, is in
the constitution is relatively insignificant. Be-
cause, so frequently, when it is removed it is
placed somewhere else. The methods of re-
placing it are legion. One can read it into the
national minutes, or it can become a by-law,
or some practice can be placed in the ritual
wrhich encourages racial prejudice-or there
can be a "gentleman's agreement."
Sororities have found an effective method
of avoiding non-segregation. They just require
alumna approval for every member.
This is not to say that all affiliated groups
±- - -i-,- - .".- --. -


The Daily Official Bulletin is an
otficial publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility: Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
Sir John Gielgud, noted British ac-
tor, will be presented Tues., 8:30 P.M.
in Hill Aud. in a solo dramatic per-
formance "Shakespeare's Ages of Man."
Tickets will be on sale in the Audi-
torium box office tomorrow 10 A.M.-5
P.M. and Tuesday 10 A.M.-8:30 P.M.
Students are offered a special reduced
rate on all tickets.
. 7 s a - _T

The following companies will be in-
terviewing at the School of Engineer-
ing on the following dates:
Oct. 23: University of Calif., Los Ala-
mos Scientific Lab., Los Alamos, N.M.,
B.S.: Ch.E., Elec., E. Phys., Mech. and
Met. M.S.: Ch.E., Elec., Mech., Met.
and Nuclear. Ph.D.: Ch.E., Elec., Mech.,
Met. and Nuclear for Des.; Res. and
Dev. Must be Male U.S. Citizen. Also
summer seniors and grad. students.
Oct. 23, 24 Lockheed Aircraft Corp.,
Missile Systems Div., Sunnyvale, Calif.
BS: Civil, Elec., Mech., Aero MS: Civil,
Elec., Mech., Met lb Nucl, Aero PhD:
Civil, Elec., Mech., Met., Nuc., Aero.
February Graduate. Must be U. S. citi-
zen Des; res. and Dev.; Production.
Oct. 23 Minneapolis-Honeywell Regu-
lator Co., Minnesota, Ill., Fla., Calif.,
Pa., Md., Mass. BS: Aero, Elec., E. Phys.
& Mech. MS: Aero & Mech. PhD. Aero
and Mech. Must be male U.S. citizen.
Des; Res. and Dev.; Sales. Prod.
Oct. 23, 24 Square D Co:, Detroit,
Cleveland, Milwaukee, 60 sales offices.
BS: Elec., Ind. & Mech. Must be male

large slate base will arrive
from Vermont and workmen will
move it to a location just inside
the front windows of the Under-
graduate Library.
The base is destined to support
the gift donated by the Class of
'58, an as yet unnamed sculpture
by Prof. Thomas McClure of the
Architecture and Design school.
A preview look at the work, still
in the sculpturer's studio, reveals
its complex content.
The subject is not indefinite but
it does require a personal, subjec-
tive interpretation. The contest is
such that one can't casually glance
at it and say, "I like it." It re-
quires contemplation.
Discussing his work, Prof. Mc-
Clure says, a library is a place
that opens up the mysteries of
the world and the universe.
He therefore chose a theme of
the moon and bands of stars as
symbols of the universe. His sculp.
tune tries to symbolically capture
the significance of the heavens
that has been a mystery to all
cultures. To form an image of this
idea is very difficult; to succeed,
as he does, is still more of an ac-
HIS IDEA is conveyed as an or-
ganization of volume by thin brass
rods supporting small star-like
dots. The central part of these
cross shaped bands of rods sug-
gests moon crescents. The effect

the space in the studio seemed ex-
cited by the object, especially by
the slight movements of the rods
suggesting rays from the moon.
The feeling of mystery and need
for interpretation in quiet con-
templation seemed inescapable.
One wants to walk around it, to
see its changing silhouette.
There is an appropriateness in
the senior class gift since it en-
hances the functional appearance
of the library lobby. At a univer-
sity, awareness of sculpture is

particularly necessary, but unfor-
tunately most of it is condemned
to a museum, case or obscured by
sprays of water. Here is a work
that can be observed and studied
during the course of each day and
it assumes a part in the environ-
The sculpture is a welcome ad-
dition to campus and admirably
fulfills its function of represent-
ing the contemplative spirit in-
herent in a library.
-Aaron Sheon

a X;

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