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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: JOAN KAATZ
Nasser Goes Too Far,
Gives West Its Chance
GAMAL ABDEL NASSER has gone too far, uncommitted. Other states have already shown
The recent decision of President Bourguiba that they are discontented with the strong
of Tunisia to quit the Arab League because of pressures that Nasser is using. Morocco's King
fear of being oppressed by the United Arab Mohammed V has expressed the feeling that
Republic looms as a break that may eventually Morocco and Tunisia must remain side by side.
swing many of the Arab countries into active Now is the time for the other Arab States
support of the West and its policies. to weigh carefully the advantages and disad-
Before, Nasser was able to picture himself as vantages qf close ties with Nasser. If they are
a person who was to save the Arab countries ever to break off relations, the time is ripe.
from the imperialistic actions of the United One nation has already decided to break away,
States and its allies; this he can no longer do. and others might. If this is the case the Western
He has now shown the world just what type of world will no longer have to deal only with
leadership he is offering. Nasser when concerned with the Arabs.
Nasser's leadership will not be the symbolic
type of which he spoke when the United Arab TUNISIA MAY BE the start of an Arab force
Republic was being formed. It seems now that that is not behind Nasser but will be pro-
his main aim is to further his influence West. Bourguiba has already stated that his
throughout the Arab world by whatever means feeling lies with the West.
are necessary. Up to now he has been successful. These states can not fight Nasser without
president Bourguiba's actions have now Western aid and support. Tunisia is a small
brought the policies of Nasser to the forefront. country with very little financial strength. At
The Arab countries can not deviate from the the present time it is receiving a little aid from
policies of Nasser and still be in his good graces. France, which recently gave Tunisia its free-
dom and next to none at all from the United
NASSER EVIDENTLY FEARS that any solu- States. A country the size of Tunisia can not
tion toward independence is a move against hope to withstand the power of the United
him. He thinks that the only way to keep the Arab Republic without help from the West.
Arab States behind him is to follow a policy of Unless the United States immediately gives
domination. This policy, it now appears, is one aid to Tunisia (and to any other Arab States
that will not work in all cases, that rebel against Nasser), this country will lose
The next step is up to the rest of the Arab possibly its last chance to build ties with the
States, both those who are now in the United Arab States.,
Arab Republic and those who are as of now -KENNETH McELDOWNEY
U Budget Needs Attention
TO: The Legislators study facilities. Student pressure - not new
RE; The University Operating Budget Request funds - extended the hours to their previous
THE UNIVERSITY'S proposed operating length, forcing administrators to cut funds
budget for 1959-60 is now at your doorstep, from another area in order to finance last
awaiting careful scrutiny and then a careful year's level of operation.
decision on its fate. It is your prerogative to These changes indicate a snag in the meth-
read it, to pass certain parts of it, to approve f od of appropriations. The problem, as the Uni-
it totally, or to reject it and appropriate what- versity sees it, is in the legislative processes, for
ever you desire, your method of figuring the budget appropri-
Taking the latter alternative, and then tell- ation on a per capita (so much per student)
Ing school administrators, "we are sorry, but basis is quite illogical.
the State has no money for higher education," Primarily, when you allocate a set sum to
is becoming a customary practice of yours and educate each student, you ignore the different
prospects for change this year seem dim. Then, costs involved in teaching at various schools.
once again, University officials, or lobbyists as For example, to educate a chemistry student
you have forced them to become, will return to requires expenditures for equipment as well as
campus and attempt to maintain educational for maintenance of that material. But to in-
standards on an "austerity" budget. struct the literary college student, the basic
However, it is respectfully suggested that expenditure is in maintaining classrooms.
before doing this, you at least examine the ALSO FORGOTTEN are the different levels
most likely results of this action. And once at which the University operates teaching
you see the damage that is done, why not look programs. Costs in teaching a graduate stu-
into the reasons for the lack of funds? dent involved the maintenance of research
Last year, you cut the University's request equipment which the undergraduate doesn't
by seven million dollars and assumed it could normally use.
operate on a mere $30,000,000. A good look at Perhaps the basic problem of finding funds
operations on this campus illustrates the in- lies in the State's mixed-up tax structure. This
adequacy of the appropriation. In essence, you problem also needs .careful surveillance . . .
forced the administration to eliminate 207 fac- but the effects of remedying the tax problems
ulty and staff positions. Consequently the stu- will not be realized for at least another year,
dent-teacher ratio went from 13 students to and by then enrollments will be swelling be-
every teacher to a new height of 14.1. yond proportion.
Meanwhile, the University budget needs at-
CROWDED classrooms show the educational tention and help this year. Discarding the per
effects, and fewer classes are being offered capita means of figuring the appropriation
because of the ten per cent cuts in all the would give the University a more equitable sum
University's departments. . . . then it will be more feasible for the Uni-
Furthermore, the operation of one of the es- versity to wait for a new tax structure .*.
sential parts of our educational system - the patiently and, for a change, hopefully.
library -- was curtailed, reducing available --JOAN KAATZ
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
"Of Course, If I Had The Top Job I'd Act Differently"
WITH THE MATCHMAKER
Much Wilder Now
ACCORDING TO one of the characters in Thornton Wilder's "The
Matchmaker:" "You're having an adventure if - in the middle of
it all - you wish you were sitting safe at home. But if you're sitting
at home wishing you were out having an adventure, something is
Broadly interpreted, this means that if you are sitting in the
theatre watching this film and you wish you were home sleeping, you
are clearly not having an adventure, and if you are home sleeping and
wish you were out seeing "The Matchmaker," you ought to get married.
Wilder's story is full of brief "asides" tothe audience which-were
probably more effective in the stage version but are pretty cute in
the film, too. The plot is one of those impossible to relate affairs, so-
phisticated way up out of the reach of the Rock and Roll gang but com-
Nixon Ignores Bipartisanship
By WILLIAM S. WHITE
A DEEP AND BASIC cleavage
between the "regular" and
"modern" Republicans is clearly
emerging as the Congressional
campaign nears its close. So, too,
is a division similar in kind but
not nearly so great in degree
among the Democrats.
The separating factor is the con-
cept of bipartisanship in foreign
policy. How much bipartisanship
should in fact be practiced when
people are running for office? This
is the question that draws the lines
Vice-President Richard M.
Nixon, who is progressively be-
coming more identified with the
regular than with the modern-
Eisenhower wing, has, in effect,
abandoned bipartisanship. Though
he later agreed with Mr. Nixon
that criticism needed at least "to
be answered," President Eisen-
hower has declared that "foreign
policy ought to be kept out of
partisan debate." Mr. Nixon has
plainly said exactly the opposite.
And he is acting accordingly.
THE VICE-PRESIDENT is ex-
plaining that the President's re-
sponsibilities as a national leader
are one thing and that Richard M.
Nixon's responsibilities as the
leader "in a political campaign"
are quite another thing. It is in-
teresting, parenthetically, that Mr.
Nixon has thus formally laid claim
to what he already held in fact-
the directing headship of the en-
tire Republican campaign.
More interesting and more to
the present point, however, is the
light this sheds on what are, for
this purpose,. two Republican par-
ties. Mr. Nixon is speaking the
language, almost right down to
the ground, of the orthodox
Republicans. Their late leader,
Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio,
thought bipartisanship was pre-
tentious nonsense-and would say
so when provoked.
"The business of the opposition,"
he used to declaim in his dry, nasal
voice, "is to oppose." And he no
more hesitated to attack a foreign
policy in charge of the opposite
party than he did the smallest
domestic bill. Mr. Nixon has not
gone quite that far on the, other
side of the coin, nor-do the bulk
of the present regular Republicans.
He and they, however, are im-
bued witha spirit that could not,
be more different from that of
Mr. Eisenhower and the rest of
the moderns. The President and
his people are always uncom-
fortable at the injection of foreign
affairs into national party politics.
The Vice-President and the "regu-
lars" in general are not in the
least so troubled.
* * *
ON THE CONTRARY. They led
a violently partisan attack on the
Truman Administration in the
same field. And beyond doubt this
was a critical force in ending 20
years of Democratic contol of the
White House. Nobody knows this
better than they do. Accordingly,
they are profoundly sensitive to
Democratic attacks on them in the
same area now because they are so
completely aware that this sort of
thing, now or in 1960, could lead to
their own destruction.
They hit back at what they fear
most - and in practical politics
quite soundly fear, In a word, they
play the game to win.
Thus, the distinction between
the regular and modern Republi-
cans is, if in a rather vague way,
the distinction between a tradi-
tional and a liberal view of poli-
tics. But the distinction between
the Democratic foreign policy bi-
partisans and those who do not
really believe in it is quite another
IN THAT PARTY there is no
liberal versus conservative division.
Rather it is one primarily of age.
and background. Most of the older
Democrats, whether liberal or con-
servative, genuinely support bi-
partisanship, because they have a
mellower view of the world and a
more mature sense of proportion.
It is almost in every case the young
Democrat who breaks bipartisan-
ship-though, unlike the Republi-
can old guardist, he tries to con-
vince himself that he isn't doing
To see how little Democratic bi-
partisanship is related to what is
liberal or what is conservative look
at the case of Harry S. Truman4
Mr. Truman certainly was a "lib-
erasl" President. But Mr. Truman is
still backing bipartisanship, how-
ever much he dislikes the Eisen-
is being said now about ths erst-
while liberal here by some younger
Democratic liberals in private is
about as harsh a's anything the
Republicans used to say. Such
(Copyright, 1958, by United
Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
prehensible to college people who
Eliot, Ezra Pound, and Adminis-
A scholarly investigation of the
origins of Wilder's play is out of
place here; hardly a serious ob-
stacle. The idea came from an
1835 play by John Oxenford called
"A Day Well Spent." This was
enlarged into four acts by Johann
Nestoy and produced in Vienna in
in 1842, titled "Einen Jux Will Er
Sich Machen," which means al-
most anything. Wilder has con-
sistently lifted the best lines out
of Nestoy's play, added a new
character, changed the names of
the characters, and has come up
with a rather gay affair.
* * *
THE STORY relates some ad-
ventures of a small-town shop-
keeper who travels to New York
to seek a wife. Aided by a self-
styled matchmaker (Shirley
Booth) and hampered by his two
simple-minded clerks (Anthony
Perkins and Robert Morse), the
shopkeeper (Paul Ford) meets a
millinery lady (Shirley Mac-
Lane), loses her to his chief clerk,
but marries the Matchmaker and
that is the end.
Robert Morse is the only hold-
over in the cast from Broadway,
which is fortunate because he is
pretty good. Shirley Booth is sort
of pretty good too, but in a quiet
way (is anyone following this?)
Anthony Perkins isin a rather
off-hand way sort of pretty good,
also, as far as you can tell.
The film is in Vista Vision
(means that the cameras are fo-
cused carefully) and black and
white; a pity, for color would have
helped brighten up everything.
After deep consideration and
careful analysis, the critical
theatre-going crowd is advised to
go see "The Matchmaker." Full of
subtle humor and clever lines, it is
a riot of fun and frivolity.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for Which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1958
VOL. LXVIII; NO. 28
Conference: Training Conference for
Michigan Hi-Y-Tri-Hi-Y Youth Legisla-
ture will meet on Sat., Oct. 18, 9:30
a.m. to 4:40 p.m. at the School of Bus.
Admin. The meeting is sponsored by
the Institute of Public Administration.
Sir John Gielgud, noted British ac-
tor, will present his new solo drama
"Shakespeare's Ages of Man" in Hill
Aud., Tues., 8:30 p.m. as the second
number on the University Platform At-
tractions series. Tickets will be on sale
(Continued on Page 5)
can figure out James Joyce, T. S.
Government ? .
To the Editor:
IN MY HIGH SCHOOL, we had a
Student Council. It was a fine
organization: it set the dates for
the annual Halloween carnival, it
set up a new recreation room, it
purchased new curtains for the
auditorium-all under the direc-
tion of the faculty. No one was
ever ambitious enough to label it
a Student Government; we all
knew that whatever power it pos-
sessed was only lent to it by the
school authorities, and that its
chief value was as a liaison com-
At Michigan, I was proudly in-
formed, things were different,
Students were treated as adults.
We even had our own government,
with a considerable amount of
autonomy in student affairs. I was
led to believe that the University
practiced a policy of laissez-f aie,
that it allowed the Student Gov-
ernment Council to make im-
portant decisions. .
The issue at stake is not only the
recognition of Sigma Kappa; it is
the status of Student Government
Council. The precedent established
in this case will determine whether
SGC will remain a governing body
or will revert to a mere liaison
group-an admirable function, but
hardly worthy of such an impres-
-Linda Kanner, '61
To the Editor:
AN EDITORIAL by Charles Ko
zoll viewed nuclear test sus-
pension as a dangerous policy
prospering from public apathy.
Several observations, which if cor-
rect are as important as human
survival, should be made.
The pressure of so called "neu-
tralist groups" forcing "the sub-
mission of United States govern+
ments" represents a remarkable
show of public concern. Scientists,
including those prominent in the
study of radioactivity, have
sparked this interest. Our Allies,
whose peoples have already tasted
man's genius for destruction, have
also looked upon the United States
for leadership in the suspension of
nuclear tests. The vitality of publi
concern for this view has actually
turned the tide in molding United
States policy. Such concern should
force Mr. Kozoll-who values live
human endeavors - to reexamine
Nuclear explosions are becoming
increasingly harmful to human
health, especially to genetic con-
stitution which means the health
of our children.
Equally important, is the issue
of the United States' most effec-
tive way to maintain leadership in
a peace-seeking world. How much
historical evidence do our allies
need to realize that armament
races may postpone attacks but
ultimately lead to wars? Respon-
sible leaders, struck by this pos-
sibility, dare to envision a new
congept of international control
over weapons which threaten
existence itself. If their efforts fall
short of utopia and offer no more
than a respite from the dangers of
nuclear explosions, this is no trifle.
If Mr. Kozoll's worst fears about
Soviet propaganda advances in the
fringe areas come true, I would
prefer to learn about changes in
the propaganda war from news-
papers than to discover the density
of radioactive fallout by sticking
my head out of an underground
shelter or by eating contaminated
food. But, of course, this is a mat-
ter of choice.
--Marc Pilisuk, Grad.
To the Editor:
AS A MEMBER of the Hebrew
Benevolent Congregation of
Atlanta, I appreciate the concern
indicated in the editorials of Octo-
ber 14th. Having lived in both the
north and the south I am familiar
with the problems involved. Both
your editorials made a plea for
laws and law enforcement which
are highly commendable.
However, as anyone close to the'
IN FRANCE, ALGERIA:
De Gaulle Strengthens Leadership Position
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THE POLITICIANS are in a big hassle over
who is playing partisan politics with Ameri-
can foreign policy.
They nearly all agree it's a reprehensible
thing to do.
This, they say, is a time of great crisis for
the great affairs of this great republic, when
its great people must present a front of great
unity for the world to see.
This field of agreement begins to fall apart
when it comes to determining what is a parti-
san approach to foreign policy and what isn't.
Well, says former President Harry Truman,
he wouldn't think of doing to President Dwight
D. Eisenhower and Secretary of State John
Foster Dulles what they did to him and Dean
Acheson in 1952. But when it comes to domes-
tic affairs, such as the recession which he
says the Republicans caused and did little to
stop, and which he seems to think is contin-
uing - that, he says, is another matter, and
he can be partisan about it.
VICE-PRESIDENT Richard Nixon says he
doesn't like to bring it up, but the Demo-
crats are accusing his party of all sorts of
things, and he thinks it only fair to remind
p1eople that the Republicans have done great
work for peace whereas the Democrats failed
all along the line and got us into a war.
The former President doesn't mention that
America's economic stability is vital to her sys-
tem of alliances around the world. Her re-
covery from the recession is a political factor
among her allies. Her ability to launch new
supports for world trade is just now as import-
ant to the British Commonwealth as military
cooperation with Britain in the Middle East.
The Vice-President doesn't say what sort of
world President Eisenhower would have had
to try his peace policies in if Harry Truman
hadn't awakened one Sunday morning in 1950
to the full necessity of defending South Korea.
South Korea was the first nation established
under the sponsorship of the United Nations
and the collective security- clauses of its char-
THE TRUTH of the matter is that the Tru-
man and Eisenhower administrations have,
over a period of 13'years, used the same basic
nrincinle in fa hvrioantin. Pr naion nn in n-
By RALPH LANGER
Daily Staff Writer
EVENTS this week have alle-
viated fears that French Pre-
mier Charles de Gaulle did not
have the backing of his army and
that this would lead to trouble
in the newly formed Fifth French
Thursday, rightist groups at-
tempted to display strength in Al-
geria by defying Gen. de Gaulle's
order to withdraw the army and
civil servants from Algerian poli-
tics. They flunked.
A big question regarding Gen.
de Gaulle's leadership was the
position the army would take in
a crisis. It was not absolutely sure
the hard-core professional soldiers
who run the army would stand
behind the premier.
* * *
HOWEVER, the army followed
Gen. de Gaulle's order and re-
signed from the public safety
committee, father of the May 13
revolt against the Fourth Repub-
lic. Only a few civilian extremists
resisted the order, striking and
demonstrating in an attempt to
gather support. Finally, they
Patn ^ff +ti a - - - a a - a_..
de Gaulle in May, voiced approv-
al of the leader's move.
THE FRENCH call Gen. de
Gaulle "Le Grand Charles," or
"Big Charlie" in English slang.
"Big Charlie" received the sup-
port of 80 per cent of the eligible
voters in that country and shows
signs of becoming the leader
France has been searching for.
Gen. de Gaulle has formed the
Fifth French Republic, a long
heraldedrevent. The French, lack-
ing a strong leader for a decade,
now think they have found him.
In the recent constitutional elec-
tion they voted overwhelmingly
in favor of "Big Charlie" who is
67 years old and stands six feet
four inches, a full head and
shoulders above most of his coun-
trymen. The French voters and
the voters in the lands under the
French tricolor have put their
faith in de Gaulle's stature-..
as a leader.
De Gaulle said, after receiving
the results of the constitutional
election, France has shown her
"will for the renewal of France."
The French people have always
pendence theme advocated by
many and which has caused four
years of fighting. He is obviously
depending on the majority who
voted for his constitution to back
him again. Whether they will or
not is a big question mark in the
future plans for the Fifth Repub-
De Gaulle will undoubtedly lose
tremendously if the extremists
gain enough votes to usbstantial-
ly support an Algerian independ-
ence movement. This is, accord-
ing to observers, highly unlikely.
De Gaulle appears to be on his
way if he can maintain control of
the situation., If he does the
miracle of "Le Grand Charles"
will be complete.
RICHARD TAUB, Editor
MICHAEL RAFT AJO
DALE CANTOR......... . Personnel Director
JEAN WILLOUGHBY.......Associate Editorial Director
BEATA JORGENSONE........Associate City Editor
ELIZABETH ERSKLNE. ...Associate Personnel Director
ALAN JONES -. -----............... Sports Editor
CARL RTSE!MA. - --A .c.n Q-4. Vm ._
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