EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"Yo u Fellows Forget I Was Shanghaied"
ben Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS TURNER
Destruction at Atlanta Temple
Consequence of Explosive Climate
FOR THE FIRST concert of its thirteenth season, the Plymouth
Symphony Orchestra chose a mostly satisfactory program, featur-
ing works by Stravinsky, Beethoven, and Vaughan-Williams.
The principal attraction was Miss karen Taylor, a student at
this University, who was soloist in a performance of the Second Piano
Concerto of Beethoven.
This is chronologically Beethoven's first concerto, written a few
years before the "First Piano Concerto," a situation not at all unique in
the music- publishing game. Generally considered to be Beethoven's
least interesting concerto, the Second is anyhow not at all trivial.
The piano part is full of difficult sections which gave Miss Taylor
no trouble. It is difficult to evaluate a pianist on the basis of one-
ing of a somewhat unfamiliar concerto, but obviously she had no tech-
nical problems at all and whizzed through some complex passages and
a first movement cadenza with astonishing ease.
Aside from a few absurd tones from strings and woodwinds at
the beginning of movements I and II, the orchestra provided an ef-
fective accompaniment so that the overall product was really quite
Vaughan-Williams "Fantasia on a Theme by Tallis" was another
story. This is one of the most beautiful works ever written for string
orchestra; certainly an ambitious undertaking for any orchestra. The
Fantasia is somewhat beyond the present grasp of the Plymouth Sym-
BOMB EXPLOSIONS are always startling,
but the one that rocked Atlanta Sunday
morning should not have been unexpected.
The destruction at the Temple of the Hebrew
Benevolent Congregation was the fourth recent
dynamiting of a Jewish place of worship in
the South and it points to the rise of a parti-
cularly vicious expression of anti-semitism.
But it is more than that. It is also a phase of
current southern trends.
For there is no such thing as permitting a
A chain of explosive action has been set in
motion by a disregard for the law and it is
liable to'eventually lash against the very
southern authorities that could have stopped
it -before the materials of hate and violence
were forged into tools of destruction.
Once southern officials interpret laws to
keep one segment of the population "in their
place" and once they turn their backs on vio-
lence committed against the same group, they
admit that the laws of the state, if not the
land, are something to.be ignored when it suits
a particular set of prejudices. They, in fact,
allow order to be compromised and once the
hard and narrow line is permitted to bend,
chaos is the inevitable result.
THE TREND can be seen in the series of
bombings. From Charlotte and Gastinia,
North Carolina, and then to Miami, Nashville,
Jacksonville and finally Atlanta, the trend has
shifted from intimidation to minimum damage
and now to large scale destruction. The fear
is that any future blasts may be timed to ex-
plode when the buildings are occupied.
It is still uncertain who is behind the bomb-
ings of the Jewish synagogues. But regardless
of whether it's the work of "professional
trouble-makers", local residents, or isolated
cranks, the important thing is that they have
sprung up in an environment well fertilized
with an acceptance of violence.
In many areas of the south, local officials
have tolerated, and as in Little Rock, even
encouraged, mob action to show their resent-
ment against attempts to enforce the Supreme
Court integration decision as the law of the
land. But just as it is difficult to confine ac-
tion against Negroes from spreading to actions
against Jews, it is perhaps even more impos-
sible to limit the growing anti-law attitude to
only federal laws. The only thing that the type
of mind that plants dynamite or burns crosses
does not discriminate against is the source of
the violated law.
SOUTHERN officials may claim, in opposing
integration and winking at anti-Negro vio-
lence that they are only reflecting the wishes
of the people.
But there comes a time when future conse-
quences of present actions no longer can be
Ann Arbor Discrimination
IT ALL STARTED out very casually. A young
girl went apartment hunting one day in early
August to find fall quarters for herself and
her husband-to-be. As a University student,
she inquired at the Office of Student Affairs.
Having copied a list of "apartments for
rent" from the bulletin board, she set out
armed with automobile, map and hope.
She went through several apartments in
different parts of town, but didn't find quite
what she was looking for. So she continued.
On Catherine Street, she stopped the car at
an address on her list. She went in, introduced
herself to the landlady and followed her up
On the way up she asked the landlady if
there were any married couples in her other
apartments. No, the landlady said, she didn't
have any other married folk, but she wished
"I won't have any single girls in my apart-
ments, though," she continued garrulously - -
"Nor any foreign students, either. I think for-
eign students should be kept in their place,"
"I won't mix them with the Americans. I
think americans are much happier without
HE YOUNG GIRL looked at the landlady
rather curiously, but said nothing. She, her-
self, had been a member of the American Field
Service Summer Abroad program, and had
lived with a European family for over a month.
As they entered the apartment, the landlady
switched her attention to the features of the
three-room place. She went on and on, extoll-
ing its virtues, skipping over its defects.
Then she broke into a description of its his-
tory, how she had added new items, etc., etc.
"There was a couple in here last fall," she
reported. "They were a Jewish couple. I didn't
know that when I let them have the apart-
ment. When I found out two months later,
well, they left," she said.
The young girl looked intently at the woman
for a moment; she paled and then a smile
began to play around the corners of her mouth.
"Thank you," she addressed the landlady,
"but I don't think my fiance and I would be
interested in your apartment. You see, we're
AN UNUSUAL SITUATION, perhaps, but evi-
dently not infrequent in Ann Arbor.
Student Government Council passed a reso-
lution last spring after receiving a report of
discrimination in off-campus housing from the
Human Relations Board.
This resolution was sent to- the Office of
the Dean of Men, the Office of the Dean of
Women, the Faculty Housing Office, the Mich-
igan Union and The Michigan Daily. It re-
quested that "landlords who practice discrim-
ination in race and/or religion not be allowed
to advertise through University facilities.
The Council narrowly rejected a proposal by
an 8 to 7 vote asking the Ann Arbor City Coun-
cil to consider legislation which would pro-
hibit discrimination in rented houses with one
member abstaining and two others who were
The best thing the Council could have done
would have been to make the proposal to the
City Council. One person who voted nay in-
stead of aye certainly does not resolve the
question, especially when a full council did
not vote on the matter.
THE ISSUE is certain to come up again when
the Human Relations Board probes further
into the idea of an anti-discrimination code,
modeled after the Fair Educational Practices
Code recently adopted at the University of
The Illinois code specifically encourages
non-discriiinatory practices in off-campus
housing as well as ruling that the school will
not in any way discriminate "because of race,
creed or national origin."
It is hoped that if SGC reconsiders its de-
cision and sends a resolution to the City Coun-
cil, that more notice will be accorded it than
it appears the University has. Experiences such
as the one depicted here should not happen,
particularly in a University community.
WASHINGTON - A co:
of practical interest,
nothing nearly so firm a;
tual alliance, isbeing br
between the forces of twc
craratic presidential pos
for 1960. The immedate o
center of this movementi
South and the border sta
Unless the nomination
to an advanced liberal-a
might-the focus of co
power is likely to fall soi
between Senators Lyndon7
son of Texas and John F.
Johnson is prospectiv
convention's dominant f
the area running from th
to the right of the pa
not the.far right. Kennedy
pectively its most import
ure in the area running
center to the left-but no
IT NOW LOOKS not in
that from these situatio
followers might merge to d
the convention. Indeed, i
inconceivable that these s
will go so far as to produ
nees-Johnson for Presid
Kennedy for Vice-Presi
though it is most unlikely
Johnson is a liberal So
but still a Southerner by
phy - and being any
Southerner has been bad
any Democratic conven
many years. It will noe
even worse news in 1960,
the small though real p
that the Democrats migh
they could not usefully
all the way with Richard
in Opposition to Willians
By WILLIAM S. WHITE
mmunity on, the probable Republican Presi- Johnson movement. That is, the
though dential nominee, for the massive Southern pros hope it will be
s an ac- Negro voting bloc on the civil Johnson at the end but are man-
roadened rights issue.idahatatc nntf hu
rdeeo-rJhsonhaahertatac.i euvering not to be left without any
o Deo- ohnon ad aheat atac in alternative position to a Mennen
ssibilities 1955, and though there has been Williams, say, if it turns out that
perating no recurrence, this is a political Johnson will not seek the nomina-
is in the liability. Perhaps worst of all, as tion or cannot get it.
tes. a Texan he is identified by many
is to go with fat oil and gas "barons" and Some of the most realistic of
s well it all that. Finally, there is a genuine non-Southern Democratic politi-
nvention continuing doubt that he would cians, too, are now privately talk-
mewhere "go" for the nomination anyhow. ing up a Johnson-Kennedy ticket.
B. John- Kennedy, too, has certain inher- In part, their motive is completely
Kennedy ent liabilities. There is his religion serious; in part, they are sending
-both parties have been afraid up small trial balloons to test
'ely the to nominate a Roman Catholic public reaction.
igure in since the defeat of Alfred E. Smith * * *
e center in 1928. And there is his youth- THE NET of it is that Johnson
rty-but he will be only 43 in 1960. and Kennedy are increasingly be-
is pros- * * ing presented as leaders*of party
tant fig- NEVERTHELESS, these two pol- groups between which there need
left of iticians-both victims of circum- be no irreconciliable conflict. One
)t to the stances for which they are not re- reason is that Kennedy has always
sponsible but with which they had much Southern goodwill -
must reckon-are being progres- as was spectacularly shown in 1956
npossible sively drawn closer together. More when, under Southern leadership,
ns their exactly, their supporters are being he very nearly took the Vice-Presi-
dominate so drawn. dental nomination away from
t is not Powerful Southern politicians, Senator Estes Kefauver of Ten-
ituations including a potent handful of nessee.',
ce nomi- Governors, are speaking in in- But the rock-bottom reason for
lent and creasingly high tones of Kennedy, it all is this: Kennedy, though a
dent - privately as well as in public. Their Northern liberal, is no extremist
attitude could easily be overevalu- on the race question, though he
utherner ated. Kennedy is not their first has a good voting record from the
geogra- choice; rather, he is their choice Negroes' viewpoint. And Johnson
kind of if finally they must face some such is very far from an extremist
news at alternative nominee as Governor Southerner. He is, in fact, the
Lion for G. Mennen Williams of Michigan principal reason why the first civil
doubt be or Governor Averell Harriman of rights bill in eight decades got
barring New York. through the Senate in 1957, unsat-
ossibility Their true first choice undoubt- isfactory though it was to the all-
it decide edly would be Johnson. The pro- out civil rights advocates.
compete Kennedy movement in the South (copyright, 1958, by United
M. Nix- thus is basically a hidden pro- Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
phony string section. Still, the
performance did have some en-
* * *
WHATEVER the unsolved prob-
lems posed by Vaughan-Williams,
Stravinsky's suite from "The. Fire
Bird" was handled admirably well.
A few loud percussive chords at
the beginning of the "Dance of
King Kastshei" (a sort of modern
day Surprise Symphony)' awoke
some of the audience; testifying
to the abilities of the brass and
percussion sections. Orchestrally,
everything was always under con-
trol. Conductor Wayne Dunlap
and his musicians must be con-
gratulated on their competent
presentation of this Suite,
It seems that musically in-
clined Ann Arbor residents might
extend their range to Plymouth
occasionally to investigate this or-
chestra. Sunday's program was a
fair exchange for a short drive,
both on account of the "Fire Bird"
and for the opportunity to hear
To the Editor:
AFTER reading Michael Kraft's
article on the editorial page
of The Daily's Oct. 5 issue, may I
respectfully suggest that he be
hung by his ears from a flagpole
at the south end of the stadium.
He belongs at the University of
Chicago, not at Michigan. His
type makes me ill.
-Tom Dorman, '50
Squeezed . .
To the Editor:
HOW ABOUT having the weekly
football films in a larger closet
this week. I have seen two or three
which would put room 3RS in the
Union to shame. If this arrange-
ment is impossible, it would be
nice to be warned so that we could
provide our own hooks for the
wall. I certainly hope there
weren't any "fair-weather fans"
unable to see the films is it is
extremely poor, when a _"fair-
weather fan" can't even see the
team in fair weather. I am hope-
ful that this week I can find a
seat, hook, hanger or something.
--Tom Sherlock, Grad.
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THE United States is assessing
the extension of the Quemoy
cease-fire as meaning the end of
the current crisis there, and won-
dering where the Communists
will start creating trouble next.
Extension of the Quemoy truce
from one to three weeks repre-
sents a victory for American pres-
sure against the use of force to
settle political arguments.
One of the chief results of the
crisis has been promulgation by
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
of the idea that armed opposition
to the use of force is now a gen-
eral American principle. Within
a relatively few weeks it has been
applied in the Middle East and
the Far East.
For years it has been applied in
Europe. It was applied in Korea.
The strong implication of Presi-A
dent Eisenhower's and Dulles'
statements during the recent pas-
sage at arms with the Chinese
Reds is that the principle now ap-
The Chinese Reds are reiterat-
ing that they do not accept the
principle. "We are free to fight
when we want to fight and stop
when we want to stop," they said
in their statement.
* * *
THE FACT IS, however, that
international Communism want
ed to stop its provocatiots in both
the Middle East and, the Far East
when the American posture be-
came so positive that they could
not continue their tactics with-
out risking war.
The Red claim to retention of
the initiative is within itself one
of the best reasons for believing
that the Quemoy cease-fire has
now become the de facto truce to
which Secretary of State Dulles
referred as a prerequisite to- in-
ternational consideration of the
Red territorial claims.
A voluntary resumption of the
intensive bombardment would
lead other Asiatic nations to a
sure judgment as to who is re-
sponsible for the trouble. This will
become especially true as the
United States begins to reduce the
force recently built up in the
Many observers would not be
surprised if the international
Communist campaign centered for
a while on Europe, through prop-
aganda connected with the issue
of nuclear testing and disarma-
ment in general; These are topics
to which the Reds have especially
. addressed themselves at the cur-
rent meeting of the United Na-
tions General Assembly. The Ge-
neva Conference on a testing ban
will begin soon. The Reds always
make an effort to divide the
United States from her European
allies on these issues.
The Communist stirring spoon
will also be discernible soon in the
boiling political pots of Pakistan,
Burma and again in the Middle
Whether these or some other
trouble spots will again evoke the
Washington policy of force-
against-force remains to be seen,
but the Reds are not likely to let
it lie idle for very long at a time.
The Daiiy Official Bulletin is an
official publication of. The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day precedingY
publication. Notices' for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
REALITY AND ILLUSION:
Survey Examines America's Image Abroad
Towards Better Teaching
A FAIRLY diversified and imaginative ap-
proach to the education of the teacher is
now in progress in the University's education
This approach is in the form of a program
which enables the students to do their prac-
tice teaching outside Ann Arbor in cities in
Michigan where there are graduate residence
In this way, a resident from the Saginaw,
Flint, Grand Rapids, Detroit, or Battle Creek
areas can live at home and do his student
teaching at the same time.
Such a program offers many advantages to
First, by living at home, he is saving most
of the money that it would cost him to live in
a University residence hall or in an apartment.
After seven semesters of on-campus living, a
semester void of rooming payments would be
a welcome relief for most students.
In addition, even though he is living at
home, the student is still able to complete his
hours of credit for graduation by taking one
or two -courses at the graduate\ residence cen-
ter in his community.
AN IMPORTANT advantage in practice
teaching at home is that in most cases, the
student is planning on teaching in his own
community after graduation. Having had the
experience of practice teaching there, he has
become acquainted with the methods of in-
struction and teaching policies in that area.
This would, in all probability, be beneficial
when he applies for a job there after receiving
the teaching certificate.
Furthermore, a student practice teaching in
his own community would undoubtedly have a
better understanding of the children in his
EDITOR'S NOTE: The following report is the result of an Associated
Press survey recently conducted to ascertain the nature of Anti-American
attitudes throughout the world.
By SAUL PETT
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
IN UGANDA, in East Africa, the village- elders sat around a huge
cauldron of thin corn beer steaming over a slow fire.
Each man sucked thoughtfully on a long reed that trailed-from
his lips to the cauldron. From time to time, a woman added water from
"In America, they drink beer from tins," an Associated Press re-
"What thing is America?" asked a grizzled old man.
With a silent nod, the question was passed down the elders in
order of seniority. No one seemed to know, until it came to a middle-
aged man distinguished by the fact that he wore shoes and a grease-
spotted felt hat with a green feather.
He took the reed from his mouth and spat on the packed earth
"America," said the worldly one with the hat and shoes, "is a
big tribe of England."
What thing is America?
In Warsaw, Poland, behind the Iron Curtain, this joke was circulated
A Communist party secretary chided a lathe operator in an auto plant,
"Hear you've got a brother out of work in Detroit. Why don't you write
him and tell him to come home?"
"Sure," said the lathe operator, "but who'd send us the food
What thing is America?
In Morocco, a mechanic named Mohammed el Fassy keeps three
photographs pinned to the wall of his tiny room. On the left, Nasser.
On the right,' King Mohamed V of Morocco. In the middle, Gary
What thing is America?
this people, this way of living and thinging, this position and posture-
all the things called American - what do they suggest to the rest of
the world? How do others see us midway in the 20th century? What is
the world's image of America? Of Americans? Of American inten-
tions, American life, American leadership, American behavior, national
In 30 countries of the world, on all the earth's inhabited contin-
ents, Associated Press reporters sought a picture of.-America. They
asked their questions of the elusive average man, the man in the street,
the man pulling the rickshaw, the man in the factory, in the field,
on the fishing boat.
Here's what they found:
Many people abroad dislike and distrust us. More seem to envy
than admire us. Many accept our leadership as a fact of life, often
disagreeable. Many regard us as rich and strong but also erratic, con-
tradictory and unsure of ourselves.
Many agree that America wants peace but they see no idealism
in this. They do not regard it as seeking peace for peace's sake. Th'ey
argue: True, America wants peace; wouldn't you, if you were rich
and had everything you wanted, everything to 'gain by peace and every-
thing to lose by war? And many think our protestation of peaceful
intent is but a thin disguise to control world markets.
As individuals, many people abroad find us friendly, casual, un-
worried, uncultured, superficial, loud, insensitive, and occasionally ob-
noxious. They are convinced we're all rich. To that extent, they exag-
gerate. But in the examples they cite; they do not exaggerate, and they
reveal more of their own hunger than our wealth.
Many people around the world visualize American, life, not in
terms of gold-paved streets or Cadillacs or 40-room mansions, but in
terms of a refrigerator and a roof and inside plumbing.
* * *
FREEDOM? Democracy? Equality of opportunity? Many abroad
admire these things in America but what about the Negroes in the
South? What about Little Rock? Over and over and over again, they
ask, what about Little Rock?
RICHARD TAUB, Editor
MICHAELRA rATT J
DALE CANTOR................Personnel Director
JEAN WILLOUGHBY.. Associate Editorial Director
BEATA JORGENSON ..,.. Associate City Editor
ELIZABETH ERSKINE....Associate Personnel Director
ALAN JONES......................Sports Editor
CARL RISEMAN............Assoiate Spornts Edtor~