EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"Don't Let It Throw You, Bud. I Been Outta
Style rorty fYears"
anions Are Fre
°ditorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WHEN THE PROGRAM for the Chicago Symphoiy performance was
first released, the reason for assembling such a collection of inci-
dental music into one concert was far from obvious to me. The Chicago
Orchestra is rapidly becoming one of the nation's best, and has already,
to my mind, eclipsed the Philadelphia and. San Francisco Symphonies.
Although nothing much happened last night to change my mind, it
would have been more illuminating to have something more profound
Berlioz' "Corsair Overture," which began the program, is a brilliant
showpiece for the virtuoso orchestra, while not particularly interesting,
melodically speaking. Reiner seems to know what to do with his brass
section; a welcome relief from too many pussy-footing Berlioz con-
An arranged "Divertimento" from "Le Baiser de la Fee," came next,
for reasons best known to the authorities. This is one of Stravinsky's
AY, OCTOBER V, 1958
NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT JUNKER
Board in Review Meeting
DECEMBER 5, 1957, Student Govern-
it Council found national Sigma Kappa'
Y in violation of University regulations
>te of twelve to five. The next day, Dean
nen Deborah Bacon, acting at the re-
of local Sigma Kappa President. Bar-
usch, called a meeting of the Board in
to determine if SGC had acted in ac-
ith administrative and regental policy.
oard decided that it had.
Wednesday, SGC found national Sigma.
in violation 'of University regulations
ote of twelve to five. Three days later,
f Women Deborah Bacon, acting at the
of local Sigma Kappa Presidenit Joan
and Michigan Province President Jane
alled a me'eting-of the Board in Review
rmine if SGC had acted in accord with
strative and regental policy.
the board will allow the decision, to
hould be a foregone conclusion. There
was no difference between the two resolutions,
with the exception of a "now" inserted in the
second. The Board has nothing to rule on this
time that it did not have two years ago, unless
it can find some fault with SGC's 'procedure.-
This would be unlikely.
IN VIEW of the previous board meeting, the
question must arise: why call the board again
to rule on something it has already ruled
upon? Do Mrs. Otto and Miss Taylor expect
the board to reverse itself? The only hope for
this would seem to be that four of the seven
members of the board were not sitting on it
two years ago; possibly the new members be-
lieve the former board's decision to be in error,
and will vote accordingly. However, this too
would be unlikely.
In short, there seems to be no need for this
particular bit of history to repeat itself.
JAW Drags Economy's Recovery
EN General Motors and the United Auto'
Torkers finally agreed to a three-year'
al contract last Thursday, recession-
d business men across. the nation heaved
wildcat strikes at GM plants temporari-
ought to a complete halt the production
9 model automobiles. With the nation's
ny, struggling to break free from the grip
year-long recession, businessmen looked
new models as a stimulant to boost
ng across the country.
GM's labor headache was far from being
and strikebound plants were far from
open with the GM-UAW contract agree-
Instead, GM's major' labor headaele
irned into approximately 8,000 minor
ches, all clamoring for attention. Pro-
n has resumed at only one of GM's 126
1 States plants covered by the national
mobile production quotas are several
behind and demands for the new model
obiles are far from being answered. Ap-
aately 297,000 automobile workers still
i off their jobs while local business in
dustrial centers of the.nation continues
p with the rate of ren on strike.
T'S Walter Reuther called the GM-UAW
et settlement a "meeting of the minds"
he announced the agreement to an auto-
conscious nation. But he failed to stress
ct that some 8,000."minds" on the local
ement level would have to meet with
"AW negotiators before a truce in the
deadlock could be reached.
LOCAL ISSUES between plant managements
and UAW locals are responsible for the
continued strikes. These issues cover every-
thing from extended lunch breaks to shop
The UAW-GM national agreement will not
go into effect until these local matters are
settled. And workers will remain off their jobs
indefinitely unless these minor grievances
have been solved.
The decision to continue the strike dead-
lock rested with the UAW international union.
The UAW decision not to return to work while;
the grievances are under study has dragged,
a strike on for days which should have been
ended last Thursday.
THE UNION'S show of might. has seriously
hampered the economy of the nation and-
the welfare of its workers. It will probably be
several weeks before .all the company em-
ployees return to their jobs. Had the UAW seen'
fit to continue local talks and at the same time
issued a call to work, the nation's 297,000 GM
employees would still be bolstering the coun-
try's economy and demands for the new cars'
would be answered.
Their bargaining position would not have
been seriously hampered. UAW officials could
have set another strike deadline for the settle-
ment of the local disputes. Their power would
still be there in reserve. But instead, the UAW
has chosen to 'drag on the walkouts and tem-
porarily slow the steadily improving national
.opyright, 1958, The" Pulitzer Publishir§ Co.,
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Bill Mauldin of the St. Louis-Post-Dispatch is temporarily substituting for
Herbiock who is absent because of a death in his family.)
Absolutism. in Politics
By WILLIAM S. WHITE
pastiches, based inspirationally if
not styleistically on the music ofr
Tchaikovsky. It is always remark-
able to see what Stravinsky can
do with the musical phraseology
of another composer. Unfortunate-
ly, this one cannot very well sur-
vive without the ballet. After an
invigorating first section, the Di-
vertimento rapidly deteriorates in-
to a sort of rearranged "Nutcracker
Suite" which must be charming to
see, but uninspiring to hear.
The excerpts from Manual de
Falla's first opera, "La Vida Breve"
only served to make me wish to
have heard more. Even this brief
section contains much of the origi-
nality of expression this composer
developed into his later opera and:
ballets. The rather artificial ending
of the "Dance" was heavy and ob-
*viously "tacked-on"; an effect,
difficult to avoid if you do this
sort of thing.
* * . S
BARTOK'S first published work,
the "Suite for Orchestra, No. 1,
Op. 3," brought the program to a
dashing conclusion. This work is,
less well organized than even Bar-
tok's Suite No. 2, Op. 4, but con-
tains a variety of unusual effects.
His orchestrational ability wasE
well developed in 1905, as the
otherwise ,incomprehensible. pro-
gram notes point out. If his early
compositions represent Bartok's
youthful fling at romanticism, he
is certainly in good company:
Schonberg, for instance.
The music sometimes sounds like,
a strangely unmelodic slavonic:
dance, sometimes like a Hungarian
version of the Virginia Reel. The,
main theme, especially in the last
movement, has many of the char-
acteristics of . a reorchestrated
German drinking song. But"
.throughout the Suite, there is. al-
ways the pervasive Bartok rhythm:
even in this early composition Bar-,
tok shows his sense of the effect
which contrasting rhythmic fig-'
ures can produce.
So the Chicago Symphony pro-
gram was not a complete loss aftei
Next time maybe they will play
something by Richard Strauss,
Beethoven or even later Bartok-
so that everyone will have an op-
portunity to appreciate the ability
of this orchestra to play more de-
THE VARIED aspects of the
water color medium are repre-
sented in an exhibition of thirty-
one paintings currently exhibited
in the North Gallery of Alumni
Memorial Hall. The works are
selected from American and Euro-
pean artists of the 19th and 20th
The use of the water color medi-
um is a later development than
that of oil and usually assumed a
subordinate role. In the late 16th
century a few sketches were often
colored with a monotone wash but
the medium soon was used more
freely. Inigo Jones in England,~ the
center of the use of water colors,
did some studies using more varied
colors. However, not until the 18th
century did the medium assume a
larger role when it came into
prominence essentially in a. topo-
graphical funcetion. The more
familiar landscape tradition grew
with Constable and Turner in the
early 19th century and continued
with Cotman, Cox, and De Whit.
The 19th century works in this
exhibit show a continuation of
this landscape tradition. An ex-
ample is the landscape by Guerin
in which he uses pale washes to
create a scene of misty serenity
much like Turner.
The tendency of the 20th cen-
tury water colorists shows much
interest in experimentation. For
example, Nolde paints a landscape
but uses a wetter surface and
darker colors to present andex-
pressive, foreboding mood. Other
examples in the exhibition vary
from the intellectualism of Mo-
holy-Nagy to the wierd surrealism
of John Tunnard, from the inti-
macy of Paul Klee's "Two Trees"
to the melancholy of Pacsin.
The exhibition illustrates the
persistence of the older traditions
but incorporating contemporary
techniques and experimentation.
The size of the exhibition is lim-
ited, but its scope reflects the
varied styles and techniques of the
water color medium .
AT ALUMNI HALL:
NTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Stalemate at the Straits
WASHINGTON - An American
political consensus is being
reached in the most local and
fragmented series of contests in
millions of farmhous 1r and thou-
sands of hamlets, towns and cities
across the United States of Amer-
This biennial Congressional cam-
paign, like the 85 that have gone
before it across a century and
three-quarters, 4is leading up to
what is always called a "nationas;
election"--and never is that at all.
What are really coming in Novem-
ber, instead, are so many scores of
small elections over so many real
and open and hidden and some-
times merely implied -"issues" as
to be quite beyond discerning, let
The whole present process is one,
of vast diffusion, with two excep-
tions. There is the Deep South,
where Democratic primaries alone
have long since settled who is ,to
come to the House and Senate.
And there is a handful of hard-
core Republican areas in the Mid-
west and New England .where
Democratic challengers run against
Republican certainties simply out
of duty to a two-party tradition
that in these areas is only a
chapter in a civics textbook.
* * *
BUT FOR the vast bulk of the
country this is a real election. And
the real question in the obvious
sense, on all present readings, is
not whether the Democrats or the
Republicans are to control the
new Congress. Rather, it is how
much the present Democratic ma-
jorities are to be expanded.
But men will be elected or re-
elected as "Democrats" who are
far. closer to most of the Republi-
cans than are at least one-quarter
of the Republicans tlemselves.
Also, men will be elected or re-
elected as Republicans who are
practically indistinguishable from
80 percent of the Democrats.
Perhaps no political way in any
free country is so utterly untidy-
so withoilt any true pattern-as is
the American way of choosing a
Congress. All the same, it may be
that this is the very strength of
the system. Most of the best of all
political institutions look planless,
though they are not, and seem cas-
ual-and actually are.
When it is- all over a quasi-na-
tional result will somehow have
been obtained through a proce-
dure that is anything but national
and often is as thoroughly local as
a high school play in an Iowa vil-
ONE PARTY - probably the
Democrats-will return here in'
January in command of at least
the procedures and possibly even
the ultimate actions of the 86th
Congress. But the total result of
the election will have been based
upon hundreds of 'candidates' per-'
sonalities and promises and public
attitudes-and sometimes the total
lack of such attitudes.
I1 Congressman Jones or Sena-
tor Brown returned because of his
well-known views on China or
Western Europe or something truly
important of this sort? The ten-
dency is to say he is, and even to
believe he is. But very often this
is nowhere near the reason.
The present senior Republican
foreign policy spokesman, Senator
Alexander Wiley of Wisconsin, was
handsomely re-elected in 1956 aft-
er his own state party convention
had turned openly against him and
the Republican party national or-
ganization had seemed to have
trouble remembering his name. It
was fashionable to see Wiley's
struggle as an immensely Impor-
tant test of how an internationalist
politician would fare in a suppos-
edly isolationist state.
But this was all much too logi-
cal to fit the facts. The facts sim-
ply were that people liked "old
Alec," as they said in large numT
bers upon being asked. Nine times,
out of ten they couldn't have cared.
less about his foreign policy views.
. * * *
THUS THE simple truth is that
it will be a great mistake to go
about reading ,vast national. and
international import into the re-
sults of this current Congressional
election. No doubt it will prove that
the country in a vague, general way
is more "Democratic" than Repub-
lican. But for what'kind of a' Dem-
ocratic party will the people have
spoken? The party of the advanced
liberals? Nobody in the world will
know that answer, and thus nobody
can know what really happened.
Is this bad? Not in this corre-
spondent's view. For a truly "effi-
cient" party system - in which
every sheep is plainly separated
from every goat - has often
wound up with the goats feeling
obliged to destroy every last wrong-
headed sheep, or vice versa. It is
not too bad a thing to keep every
form of the absolute even abso-
lute clarity - out of politics.,
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
By J. M. ROBERTS,
Associated Press News Analyst
THREE major powers involved in the
nosa Strait dispute have now entered a
of feeling each other out, not so much
gard to a permanent settlement as to
fic events have contributed to 'the situ-
t also falls within the usual Communist
of building up crises and then easing
ff when they become too critical.
tary of State John Foster Dulles said
de facto cease-fire at Quemoy could
a change in American tactics. That
to have occurred, though it cannot yet
[DENT Dwight D. Eisenhower ripped
Nikita Krushchev for'saying a war on
ina would be a war on Russia.
Chinese Reds have shot up perhaps 50
dollars worth of ammunition. They
one so in what more conservative ob-
have considered more of a bid for
political recognition than a prepara-
r invasion of the offshore islands.
dy knows what's happened to their gun
but the problem of supply could be
ig important to both Peiping and Mos-'
f it all the Reds have gotten diplomatic
bions at Warsaw with the United States,
DAILY OFFICIAL, BULLETIN
which refuses to recognized them diplomatical-
ly. They have. gotten promises of further nego-
tiations - important to their political stand-
ing throughout Asia - if they stop using force.
The have also gotten unwelcome manifesta-
tions in the strait of American determination.
THEIR blockade of Quemoy, successful for
a brief period, was being broken-appeared
on the verge of being completely broken - by
American supply methods and equipment.
Charles Malik, new President of the United
Nations General Assembly, said Sunday that
pressure of public opinion was building up in
the world's chancelleries which might produce
"a rapproachment between the parties directly
Khrushchev accused President Eisenhower of
misquoting him. He said he only meant Russia
would fight if the United States attacked. Red
China. That gives him an out if the attack is
by the -Chinese Nationalists,: and an oppor-
tunity to equivocate over what constitutes an
MORE THAN THAT, in the eyes of many ob-
servers, it gave him an opportunity to cool
Peiping off a little. He may have been more
specific in private, since the limited cease-fire
announcement from Peiping came almost si-
Since the end of shelling ends the need,
there is no trouble about the Red condition'
that the United States stop convoying Nation-
alist supplies to Quemoy.
There is no change, however, in the Red
demand for United States withdrawal from the,
Strait. and the islands covered by her defense
treaty with the Nationalists. As long as that
demand stands, no settlement is in prospect.
What Is in prospect, however, is that the
present feeling out period will mark a gradual
return to the stalemate of the past several
MEANWHILE Russia's propaganda media
has been fuming about the Sidewinder air-
to-air missiles which the United States has
supplied to the Nationalist Chinese Air Force,
They are so worked up as to give the im-
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITrEN form to
Room 3519 Adpinistration Build-
lng, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
TU3ESDlAY, OCTOBER 17, 1958
VOL. LXIX, NO. 18
W.A.A. Swimming Meet-Tues., Oct.
7, 7:30 p.m., Women's Swimming Pool.
The next "Flu Shot" clinic for stu-
dents, staff and employees will be he
in Room 58 (basement) of the Heal1
Service, Thursday, Oct. 9, only. Hou
are 8:00-11:30 a.m. and 1:00-4:30 p.:
Proceed directly to basement, fill of
forms, pay fee ($1.00) and- receive it
jection. Arrangements are being mac
for a later date when persons who ha'
received the first "shot" may recel'
a second. The next "Polio Shot" cli2
for students will be held in the san
room, Thursday, Oct. 23. The hours an
procedures are the same as above R
Science Research Club: The Octob
meeting will be held in the Rackha
Amphitheatre, 7:30 p.m., Tues., Oct.
(Continued on Page 5)
BEHIND THE SOUTHERN SCHOOL SITUATION:
Tradional Church-State Separation May End
RICHARD TAUB, Editor
By GEORGE W. CORNELL
Associated Press Religion Writer
A POTENTIAL POWDER KEG
involving church-state relations
lies almost unnoticeq today in the
Southern moves to subsidize pri-
Authorities said the legal rami-
fications, striking a sensitive point
in American history, could ulti-
mately put church-run parochial
schools in line for tax money.
"The situation could bring the
whole church-state issue into full
cry again," said the Rev. Niel
McCluskey, a Roman Catholic edu-
* * * i
THE MATTER has been over-
shadowed by the segregation-inte-
gration conflict, and religious o..-
gration conflict, and religious of-
ficials have been disinclined to
discuss it publicly because of the
mately 52 million private elemen-
tary pupils at present are in Cath-
olic schools. Lutherans and some
other Protestant bodies have size-
able parochial eniollments.
4' * *.
IN MODERN TIMES, Protes-
tants and Jews generally have op-
posed government aid to parochial
schools, while many Catholics
have favored it in limited forms,
All three groups, however, include
influential exceptions to the pat-
"But we consider it a general
problem, not a Protestant-Catho-
The differences arise from vary-
ing interpretations of the First
Constitutional Amendment, for-
bidding any law "respecting an
establishment of religion"-the so-
called church - state separation
olic sources, usually absorbed by
the needs of parochial schools,
were ringingly championing, the
"The nation's pride," the na-
tional Catholic weekly, "America,"
called them and complained that
Arkansas' Gov. Orval Faubus had
"unceremoniously leveled. the
'wall' of separation between
church and state." Protestants
have frequently employed similar
phraseology in parochial school'
Father McCluskey, Education
Editor of America, said he thinks
most Catholics would "deplore any
short-term gains" to their schools
--in form of state funds-on the,
basis of the present "unhealthy
and undesirable situation."
B* * *
BUT SHOULD state-supported
private education eventually be
set upo n a workabhl cral haosis'
of the constitutional church-state
"That's part of- the, dilemma,"
said Rev. Gill, Associate Secretary
of the Public Affairs Office of the
National Association of Evan-
The .constitution, when publie
schools are provided, has been ap-
plied by the Supreme Court to bar
direct parochial school support-
but to permit indirect aid to paro-
chial children-such as bus trans-
portation and textbooks.
''* * *
MOST state constitutions also
forbid direct support of sectarian
schools, but a switch from public
to private schooling could require
modification of the ban under the
equal-treatment .terms of the
Fourteenth Amendment, it was
Arkansas specifically rescinded
"Fpr any plan using
-funds for private education
legal," he said, "those funds
be made available to the c]
his parents, including thos
want to go to schools tinder'&
*' * *
MANY CATHOLIC leader
favored such a plan general
which "the aid follows the
wherever he goes to school.
Southern leaders also have
posed 'a similar system of I
The Rev. Robert Drinan,
of Boston College, a Cathol
stitution, said: "Some Cat
are saying, 'maybe this is a
in the wall' and 'let's get o
bandwagon."' But he added
"They should all be a
what's happening, and the
it's happening. I don't th:
LOUGHBY...Associate Editorial Director
DRGENSON.........Associate City Editor
'H ERSKINE....Associate Personnel Director
NES ........................... Sports Editor
MIAN..........Associate Sports Editor
AN ........*......Associate Sports Editor