See Page 4
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXIX, No. 14ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1958 FIVE CENTS'
y _ t
Shorten Final Examination Period;
Add Week to Christmas Vacation
By LANE VANDERSLICE
The Deans' Conference determined a "new look" in University
calendars yesterday with its approval of the calendar committee's
,recommendations for the next three academic years.
The deans recommended adoption of the calendars to the Regents,
who constitute the final step in approval of; the calendar.
The new set of calendars will start with the 1959-60 school year,
and will include a shortened, one-week examination schedule, registra-
tion for a semester's courses during the preceding semester and a full
" eek's vacation before Christmas.
For the first time in 50 years,
a comprehensive history of the
modern world has been written
for the general public.
The University Press will begin
publication of the first four vol-
umes of it's "History of the Modern
World" series on Oct. 24.
The series, which has been in
preparation for ten years, is co-
edited by Prof. Allan Nevins of
Columbia University and Prof.
Howard Ehrmann, chairman of the
The first four volumes, to be
published as a boxed. set entitled
"Countries of Decision," will be
followed by publication of 12 more
volumes in the next three years.
The "Countries of Decision" set
includes "Russia" by Warren B.
Walsh ' of Syracuse University,
"The Near East" by William Yale
of the University of New Hamp-
shire, "The Far East" by Prof. Na-
thaniel Peffer of 'Columbia Uni-
versity and "Latin America" by
Prof. J. Fred Rippy of the Uni-
versity of Chicago.
The series, when completed, will
cover the modern history of al-
most every area in the world, in-
cluding all the great cultures and:
A new concept is being developed
by the University Press in its
handling of subscription sales.
Usually, subscription - type . series
are sold directly by the publisher
Subscriptions to "History of the
Modern World" will be sold not
only by the University Press but
also by bookstores and through
The series will be sold at a dis-
count to those who subscribe to
buy the complete set of 16 vol-
for 60 Days
WASHINGTON ()) - The nu-
clear submarine Seawolf has
smashed the underwater record
and is now aiming at staying
down 60 days, almost double the
President Dwight D. Eisenhow-
er said yesterday the Seawolf had
been submerged for 54 days and
is still going strong.
The Navy, later said the sub-
marine would sail into her home
port of New London, Conn., next
If she comes up Monday noon,
the Seawolf will have been below
the Atlantic Ocean's surface for
exactly 60 days. The submarine
sailed on Aug. 5, went down two
days later to begin what the Navy
then described only as a "routine
Yesterday the Navy radioed the
Seawolf some questions. Cmdr.
Richard B. Laning, the skipper,
replied: at 10:45 a.m., EST the
Seawolf had been submerged con-
Not discussed at yesterday's meet-
ing were the calendars for 1962-63
and 1963-64. No further date for
discussion of these calendars was
set at the meeting, Assistant to the
President Erich A. Walter said
Alternate calendars were pre-
sented for these two years, in con-:
trast to the three approved yester-
day, which were recommended
specifically by the calendar com-
General approval of the calen-
dar committee's work was given by
the Deans, Walter said.
The deans cleared up one point
by specifying that seniors be
awarded complete diplomas at
commencement exercises. Because
of the short time-at most, several
days-involved between the end of
exams and commencement, the
calendar committee had ques-
tioned whether blank diplomas
might not have to be awarded in
some cases. However, Walter said
that senior grades would be expe-
dited so that diplomas could be
awarded in time.
Everyone but 1959 graduates will
be affected by the calendar. Most
of the-features of the new calen-
dar, including the one-week ex-
amination period and pre-registra-
tion, will start in 1959-60.
, Outline Calendar
The first semester of the 1959-60
c1) Orientation begins Monday,
2) Registration will start Wed-.
nesday, Sept. 16 and end Saturday,
3) Classes will begin on Mon-
day, Sept. 21.
Extra Week Added
4) Thanksgiving recess will be-
gin Wednesday evening, Nov. 25
and classes will resume Monday
morning, Nov. 30.
5) Christmas recess will start
Thursday evening,Dec. 17 and end
Monday morning, Jan. 4, 1960.
6) Classes will end at Saturday
noon, Jan. 23..
7) Then examination period will
run from Monday, Jan. 25 through
Saturday, Jan. 30.
8) Midyear commencement will
be held Saturday, Jan. 30.
9) Registration of students in
residence will be held at the offices
of the individual schools and col-
leges from Dec. 1-17 and Jan. 3
to 23. Registration of new students
would take place from February
3 to 5.
TAIPEI, Formosa -(-- Presi-
dent Chiang Kai-shek balked at
the United Statessformula for
peace in Formosa strait and his
Nationalist Government then
flatly rejected it yesterday.
Chiang made clear in an inter-
view he is opposed to reducing the
garrisons of the offshore island as
the price of a cease-fire. He im-
plied he would be free to ignore
any cease-fire negotiated by the
United States and Red China.'
An official statement from the
foreign ministry said troop cuts
would clear the way for a Red in-
vasion of Formosa and therefore
"We cannot countenance the re-
duction of this defensive
Chiang and his foreign office
aimed their shafts at a statement
by Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles in a Washington news con-
ference Tuesday. Dulles proposed
a cut in the Nationalist offshore
garrisons in exchange for a cease-
fire. He was backed up yesterday
by President Dwight D. Eisen-
The foreign ministry, after an
all night series of meetings, called
the Quemoy and Matsu offshore
island groups indispensable
shields to Formosa.
"For this reason we must de-
fend them to the best of our abil-.
ity," the statement said. "The
Chinese Communists have always
wanted to invade these islands as
a prelude to what they have re-
peatedly declared to be an inva-
sion of Taiwan (Formosa) itself."
The statement, delivered by
Ministry spokesman Kiang Yi-
Seng, asserted that since 1949, the
Communists have been building a
powerful military force on the
NEW YORK (IP) - Demands
mounted in the General Assembly
yesterday that the United Nations
intervene in an effort to settle
the Formosa crisis.
Belgian Foreign Minister Pierre
Wigny proposed to the 81-nation
Assembly that the offshore islands
of Quemoy and Matsu be demili-
tarized and put under United Na-
tions protection pending negotia-
tions for settlement.
He said by such a formula no-
body would lose face and the dan-
ger of the Formosa crisis exploding
into war would dissolve.
But Nationalist China's Am-
bassador T. F. Tsiang told a re-
porter he would not accept. His
statement reflected nationalist de-
termination to hold the offshore
A United States spokesman said
he expected no American move to
put the Formosa crisis before the
UN as long as there was any
chance of progress in the diplo-
matic talks in Warsaw.
SGC Still Rules
Council Says Group's Resolution
Does Not Satisfy 1949 Regulation
By THOMAS TURNER
Sigma Kappa sorority still violates University rules, Stu.
dent Government Council decided last night.
By a twelve to five vote the Council indicated the soror-
ity had not acted to remove discriminatory policy.
"Nothing new" had been said by the national sorority
since it was found in violation in 1956; therefore it remains
in violation, Inter-House Council President Bob Ashton, '59
Given a two-year period of grace after the 1956 decision
national Sigma Kappa resolved at its summer convention to
"abide by the University ort
TENSE MEETING -- Student Government Council met last night and debated three and one-half
hours before a crowd of about 300 students in the Union Ballroom before finding Sigma Kappa
still in violation of University rules. SGC will decide the fate of the sorority at a later meeting,
when a committee composed of two members who voted for the 'sorority and three who voted
against it present possible courses of action.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., W) - A
new maneuver started yesterday
to put Little Rock high schools
beyond the reach of federal
courts, by using private resources
to operate them as private, seg-
Dr. T. J. Raney appealed for
money and for space in buildings.
Dr. Raney, president of the
Little Rock Private School Cor-
poration, announced the new.
He said one old rental building
and a union hall already had been
offered as were three churches.
He declined to name the churches.
"There has been quite a lot of
money contributed - $5,000 from
one person alone here in Little:
Rock," Dr. Raney said. He re-
ported earlier that the corpora-
tion received about $1,500 even
before it announced the school
leasing plan last week.
"Teachers will be no prablem,"
he predicted. "There are a lot of
retired teachers who would help."
In a statement issued yesterday
Dr. Raney asked that anyone
owning "an available building
which might be used for class-
room purposes" call the corpora-
RICHMOND, Va. (A)-Gov. J.
Lindsay Almond will move in the
next few days to reorganize inte-
gration-closed schools so that some
--though not all--of the 13,000 idle
children can return to classes, in-
formed sources said yesterday.
.He will do this, the sources be-
lieve, by eliminating one or more
grades at individual schools which
would be integrated under the
court orders that caused the schools
to be closed.
The Governor is expected to act
under Chapater 68 and not-as
requested by Norfolk-under Chap-
ter 69 of the acts of the General
Assembly of the special "No-Inte-
gration" session of the Legislature
Norfolk City Council called unan-
imously Tuesday for the governor
to take over Norfolk's closed
schools under Chapter 69 and
operate them on a segregated ba-
sis, so "none of the approximate-
ly 10,000 students should be de-
layed in securing the education
prescribed and provided by law
To Give Shots
Leslie Calls SGC Ruling
'Decision of Convictions'
By JUDITH DONER-
Student Government Council's decision in the Sigma Kappa issue
was a decision of convictions and not of pressures, Assistant Dean of
Women Elizabeth A. Leslie said after the voting last night.
Although representing the Dean of Women's Office which has
previously issued astatement that Sigma Kappa policy was in accord
with University regulations, Dean Leslie believed "that each council
member dug down very deeply within himself to come up with his
points of view. I don't believe there
was any banding together among
Agrees With Dean
Jane Otto, Province President.
of Sigma Kappa, agreed that "SGC
members all voted the way they
individually felt." However, she'
said that "their individual feelings
were pre-determined before they
"I think SGC members them-
selves showed lack of evidence of
good faith in their decision," Mrs.
President of the local sorority
chapter Joan Taylor, '59, said,
"After much deliberation with full
knowledge and complete under-
standing of all University rules and
regulations, Sigma Kappa pre-
sented their resolution to SGC in
"I am sorry that the Council did
not feel it right to consider our
statement in this light," Miss
Another member of local Sigma
Kappa said that as a result of
Council debate, she saw things in
a new light.
"We probably were wrong," she
admitted, "Only I kind of hate to
be the first ones to go when there
are others (fraternities and sorori-
ties) which discriminate."
Two Council members received
applause from " the nearly 300
spectators present for their de-
fense of Sigma Kappa.
John Gerber, '59, president of
IFC, was applauded for his state-
ments and Scott Chrysler, '59BAd,
for his statement.
DETROIT OP) -- Chrysler Cor-
poration and the United Auto
Workers yesterday agreed on the
major portions of a three-year
contract for the company's 70,000
UAW President Walter Reuther
promptly raced across the city to
join the Union's negotiations with
General Motors, which faces a 10
a.m. strike deadline today.
Reuther and Chrysler Vice-
President John D. Leary said the
Chrysler terms followed lines of
the UAW settlement with Ford
Motor Co. two weeks ago.
This includes improved com-,,
pany paid layoff pay, a new sev-
erance plan, and wage increases.
to cover post of living and pro-'
ductivity improvement. The Ford
agreement will provide an esti-
mated 20 to 30 cents an hour ier
worker under the three-year en-
Minor provisions in the Chrys-
ler agreement were left unsettled
Leary and Reuther said they
believed provisions in the new
contract will give Chrysler great-
er stability in its work force.
Chrysler, smallest of the big
three auto makers, was troubled
with 700 local walkouts during
the life of the three-year con-
tract that expired four months
college regulations now gov-
erning the respective cam-
puses on which it has a chap-
ter, reserving the right to
regulate its internal affairs
privately, in accordance with
the university or college rules
and regulations . ..
Resolution Value Questioned
"What could such a resolution
mean" if local Sigma Kappa were
threatened with suspension as
Cornell and Tufts locals were?
Assembly Association President
Pat Marthenke, '59, asked.
Scott Chrysler, '59BAd, said de-
bate should not center on the al-
ready-determined violation as. it
had. "The local has not only
proved itself but made a contribu-
tion to national education policy
on segregation," Chrysler con-
The period of grace which erd-
ed this fall gave the local time
to indicate disapproval of the na-
tional sorority's discrimination if
it disapproved, SGC Administra-
tive Vice-President Jo Hardee, '60,
Daily Editor Richard'Taub, '59,
said he felt the rules of the Uni-
versity had been flaunted by the
'Said Not Relevant
Interfraternity Council Presi-
dent John Gerber, '59, said the
doubts SGC members had in the
good faith of Sigma Kappa lay in
the "personal ideology" of the de-
baters rather than in the resolu-
Some people are saying to Sig-
ma Kappa "there is no chance
we'll believe you,", Lois Wurster,
'60, said, speaking of the sorority's
resolution. Miss Wurster is a
member of Sigma Kappa.
SGC's duties include protecting
the rights of every student on
campus, League President Bobbie
Maier, '59, said if a Negro rushes
a sorority here the Council must
be sure she is not prevented from
pledging on the basis of race.
Above 'U' Rules
National Sigma Kappa seems to
hold their rules above those of
the University, Miss Maier con-
"To decide that there is no vio-
lation now is to decide there
never was a violation, that there
never was discrimination, that
Sigma Kappa chapters were never
suspended," David Kessel, Grad.,
The question was called after
each member but the chairman
had expressed his views, a roll-
call vote was taken.
A committee consisting of SGC
President Maynard Goldman, '9,
Panhellenic President Mary Tow-
er, '59, Chrysler, '59, Miss Maier,
and Goldman will draw up alter-
nate courses of action and report
back to the Council.
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower said yester-
day his stand on State right-to-
work laws has always been the
same-that it's a matter for each
Following is the roll call vote
at last night's SGC meeting on
the question, "Does national
Sigma, Kappa now, meet the
conditions for maintenance of.
recognition ... (by) the Uni-
versity of Michigan?"
YES: Chrysler, Gerber, Mer-
rill, Tower, Wurster.
NO: Ashton, Belin, Hardee,
Kessel, Maier, Marthenke,
Rockne, Seasonwein, Shapiro,
Taub, Wise, Goldman (chair-
In Re view
Stan Levy, Grad., was appointe
to fill the student vacancy on .th
Board in Review by the Studeni
Government Council at las
night's Council meeting.
Another vacancy, this one o
the M-Handbook committee, wa
filled with SGC's appointment o
Sue Rockne, '60, to the conmot.
Karol Buckner, x160, SGC per'
sonnel Director, began the specia
committee reports with her sum-
mary of the results of the SGC
mass meeting Tuesday evening
designed to recruit personnel.
Miss Buckner reported that 41
students signed up. She said thi
represented a sizable numbe
considering there was another or,
ganization's mass meeting sched.
uled for the same evening.
\The co-chairmen of the Read
ing and Discussion Committee
Roger Seasonwen, '61, ard As.
sembly President Pat Marthenke
'59, will meet Thursday with sqv.
eral faculty professors to discss
plans for the completion of thi
Summer Reading Plan, ocordini
"I would say the Student Bool
Exchange made money over wha
we had anticipated," Bob Gunn
'60, SBX manager, said In a re-
port to the Council.
A final report of total costs an
revenue will be presented at nex
week's SGC meeting, Gunn said
Ron Bassey, '61, Public Rela
tions Committee Chairman, re
ported that his group wished t
publish a newsletter called "Stu
dent Government Council Review.
The publication would be dis
tributed through housing unit
classroom buildings and 'bUsne
places such'as restaurants, Basse
A motion to approve the news
letter was tabled after severa
Council members expressed t
view that other forms of corn
munication such as Daily article
and advertisements might be moe
effective in reaching the studen
Lois Wurster, '6G, speaking f ;
the Education and Student Wel
fare Committee, reported that let
ters were sent to literary schoo
professors asking their help i
setting up an examination file.
The file will be ready for stu.
dent use before midsemester exam
inain. isn s eWurfr ectiemaa
Tragedy Opens Tonight)
By GIBERT WINER
Professor C. H. Waddington of the Animal Genetics Department
of the University of Edinburgh delivered his second lecture here last
His subject, "Evolutionary Adaptation," paid homage to the cen-
tennial of the Darwin-Wallace announcement of the theoryof natural
The geneticist gave a brief historical assessment of the theory of
organic evolution. Lamarc, who foreshadowed Darwin, advanced the
idea of the inheritance of acquired characteristics. This conception,j
however, is erroneous, he said.j
Views Offer Basis
Darwin's theories are both philosophic and scientific concepts.
His views on. natural selection offer an inescapable basis for further
refinement of the evolutionary mechanism.
The rediscovery of Mendelian genetics had a nowerful impact on