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September 17, 1958 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1958-09-17

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"How's That for Bold, Imaginative Thinking?"

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14

Sixty-Ninth Year
_ - EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
Then Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth wii Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editoials printed in The -Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be doted in all reprints.
DNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT JUNKER

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A Uncertain P

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University's New Courses
Promise Additional Rewards

A CERTAIN SMILE is the little story of a co-ed's infidelity. Mos
the action occurs in Paris where such things are supposed ti
taken for granted, but even so, Mll. Domenic's waywardness still m,
a very important milestone in her growing up.
Domenic, played by smiley Chr.istine Carere, is at the outset a
sumably happy law student at the Sorbonne in love with Bertr
another law student. Their lives run smoothly until Domenic runs
Bertrand's sexy Uncle Luke (Rosanno Brazzi). After exchanging a
meaningful smiles, Domenic gets hooked.
No longer content to jitterbug with Bertrand at the Cafe Be-
this faithful daughter of somber, provincial parents must ultima
decide 'whether or not to run off
to the Riviera with Uncle Luke. INTERPRETING:
Besides' being very handsome,
tncle Luke apparently represents
some kind; of father-image for S eculatio'
Domenic. She is helprotective guid-
ance can prevent her from com R uW il
mitting the inevitable..

/ I

I

ESPITE THE SLASH in its budget, the
University is going ahead with several new
rses for the outstanding student this year.
'wo new literary college honor courses are
ng offered, along with new honor courses in
losophy and geology, and honor sections in
rses in other departments. In addition,
ht departments have combined to present
ourse seldom seen in American colleges:. a
-year sttidy: of Asia.. This by itself would
a large achievement in any year. Graduate
grams in Slavic linguistics - tnd Russian
rature and a graduate department of nu-
tr engineering add to the impressive list.
'his is heartening. In a year when retrench-'
ats and cutbacks must, of necessity, be made
every department of- the University, the
ellectual stimulus survives and grows. Larger
bions may be the order of the day, but some
those same sections are reserved for honor
lents. New efforts are being made to provide
llenging educational experiences.
Ve anticipate that these new courses, many
them in areas formerly not touched in this
iversity in any coherent mannerv will supply
t of the solution to the twin problems of
viding esolid, "red-meat" education and in-
-ucing students to those areas not tradition-
T part .of-the university curriculum, but
reasingly vital to the- world.
IS GRATIFYING further to note ;that at
least orIeof the new courses is not an out.
wth of the "sputnik age" renewed emphasis
education.;si I and II has been in the
nning stage for two years, thanks to a grant
: the CarnegiekFundation. It thus promises
be a well-thought-out program, rather than
result of a blind drive to get back on top of
educational heap. This also indicates that
niversiy as remained awake to the needs
enriching its course offerings, not content
stand pat and let the world bypass It.
The broadeningof thecollege honors prograni,
dIS.-6 encouraging development. Here re-

newed interest in science and engineering has
not elbowed out the humanities, for one of the
two new courses deals with the Renaissance.
This expansion in the freshman program in-
augurated last fall holds much promise, both
in itself and as a portent of things to come.
Developing such new courses is not inex-
pensive. The Asian course alone cost more than1
$25,000 to set up. This should increase satis-.
faction with the University's concern for the
academics, in that so many new programs could
be offered in such a lean year, when so much
else must wait.
MUCH IS EXPECTED of these new programs,
- and perhaps it is necessary to reserve
judgment on their success for some years. But
in the meantime, the University and its indi-
vidual departments deserves credit for what
would appear to be a well-thought-out, well-
chosen group of courses for, honor and out-
standing students. If performance lives up toi
promise, the students in these courses will
have had a richly rewarding educational ex-
perience.
These courses cannot represent the final
developments of efforts to provide superior
programs for superior students, although, given
another year of economic difficulties, such could
prove to be the case. But the honors program
can still be expanded to include the junior
and senior years, anld enlarged' for the lower
classes. Departmental programs andhspecial
course sections can be added. And revision and
improvement of the present courses must take.
place continually. No doubt those in charge of
the various programs have already thought of
these matters, and have begun to study the
further improvements and additions they will
add in the future. If this year's harvest is any
indication, those ahead should be a greater
stimulation..
We await next year's list of new courses with
fenewed confidence.
-JOHN WEICHER
City Editor

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BRADFORD DILLMAN turns in
a fine performance as Domenic's
rejected suitor. He alone appears
to have a genuine interest in the
goings-on of the plot.
In spite of all the illicit sex, the
plot of this movie, based on the
novel by Francois Sagan, is not
too enthralling. There ar.e a few'
gay romps through the diag at
the Sorbonne, Parisian side-streets
and cellar cafes, the Riviera, and
a few fancy night clubs, but the
travelogue part is not enough to
sustain the rest of the film.
* * *
THE MOVIE, like the book,
seems at times to be somewhat
thin and superficial. Whoever
adapted the story for the screen
must have been aware that some-,
thing was lacking somewhere in
the film, for every once in a while,
there are a few little extras thrown'
in. Joan Fontain, for instance, as
Uncle Luke's neglected wife does
offer some philosophic musings on
marriage which seem fairly .sound.
At another point, and for no ap-
parent reason, Johnny (that sing-
ing sensation) Mathis sings a title
song for the movie. This did prb-
vide a rather pleasant break from
whatever was going on at the
moment.
The scenic shots throughout.the
film were lovely and plentiful. If
it were possible to ignore the plot
and just watch the background.
photography of this movie, A Cer-
tain Smile might almost provide
an enjoyable hour and a half.
-Beverly. Gross

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
W of the more exciting specu-
lations during planning for the
International Geophysical Year
were that man might gain a new
+concept -of time and learn how to
visit the rest of the universe.
When the Sputniks went up,
space travel seemed to be just
around the corner. Some people
may have gotten confused because
-the time it would take to get
around the corner seemed to de-
pend on whether you talked about
earth time or space time.
Albert Einstein had been work-
ing on a theory that there was a
relationship between time and
speed, and that the speed of space
slowed down time, or something
like that.
SOME SCIENTISTS are even
talking about searching in space
for the fountain of youth, where
10 seconds .would be only one
second in -earth time.
Leaving the scientists to make
what they can of what little they
know, there are important aspects
to all such speculation. y
Anybody over 50 can tell -you
that the present is very rapidly
becoming -the past. History is in-
complete. Herein lies the spur to
seek more knowledge.
Despite some ,pretty high-class
mathematics used by today's as-
tronomers, astronauts and physi-
cists, the answers they accept as
fact may just possibly prove as
Inadequate as those of the ancient
and antiquated stargazers.

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Little Rock efi.ne

By WALTER LIPPMANN

CAPITAL
i Ike
(Editor's Note William S. White,
The Daily'stnewest columnist, is the
author of the Pulitzer Prize winning
biography "The Taft Story"s and the
best seller, "Citadel: The Story of
the United States Senate." Until he
began writing his three-times-a-week
column this year, he was Chief Con-
gressional Correspondent, for. The New.
York Times, havingjoined the paper.
in 1945..Born, in DeLeon, Texas, White
attended the Universityaofs Texas,
joined the Associated Press in 1927,
and soon transferred to the Washing-
ton Bureau where he began his
career as a political correspondent,)
WASHINGTON - One of the
most significant changes in the
Washington atmosphere since
Dwight D. Eisenhower came to
power in 1953 is now unfolding.
Both the President and Secre-
tary of State ohn Foster Dulles
are speaking if increasingly can-
did terms of the enormous world
problems that so long have con-
fronted us. And if candor is the
beginning of wisdom, then this
Administration's foreign policy is
becoming far more nearly wise,
however sticlTy the situation in the
Far East may be'or may become.
For five and a half years the
President and Mr. Dulles have
addressed this country and the
world largely in soothing terms.
Their settlement of the Korean
War gave the Communists an en-
trenched position along our secur-
ity line in the Western Pacific,
e, * *
BUT TO THAT PART of public
opinion which was more interested
in any peace than in power, the
Administration presented the
Korean arrangement as a triumph
for peace. And to that public opin-,
ion which believes peace can only
follow power, the Administration
represented its partial surrender
as a tough and practical cohclu.
sion.

RING THE ORAL arguments before the
upreme Court several of the Justices put'
hing but friendly questions to-Mr. Richard
utler, who appeared as attorney for the-
e Rock School Board. In these questions
in Mr. Butler's answers we have for the
time an official definition of the real issue
: by Gov. Faubus. "Thlis conflict," said Mr.
er, "has resolved itself, as we see it as a-
ol Board, into a head-on collision between
Federal and state governments."
e conflict is not, as the President has
fly defined it, a collision between mobs and
awful authorities.
ere is no hope of resolving tht conflict
s the real issue is cdrrectlydefined
te questioning which defined the issue was
n by Mr. Justice Harlan. He said that he
no reservations about the good faith of the
ol Board. He pointed out that the School
d had inaugurated "a plan of integration."
hien asked Mr. Butler whether the conflict
not arisen by "the action of the state.
ned to frustrate the good faith of the
ol Board." Mr. Butler agreed, saying that
chool Board which is "an arm of the state
-nment," has been "ordered to do one
by 'one court and by its employer .
tate. of Arkansas, is ordered to do, some-
else."
ter on in questions by Mr. Justice Frank-
r it came out, with Mr. Butler agreeing,
the people of Little Rock would have
esced in the School'Board's plan of' inte-
on, had the authority of the state, mean-
aov. Faubus, not incited and led the move-
of resistance and defiance.
EAR AGO, had President Dwight D. Eisen-
ower understood the'real issue, he would
challenged the use by Gov. Faubus of the
nsas National Guard to prevent the School
1 from observing the law. This act of defi-
backed by armed force, was the real
se of Gov. Faubus-distinguishing it from

COMMENTARY:
Stiffens Foreign Policy.
By WILLIAM S. WHITE

all the other forms of resistance practiced in
the Southern states.
The country will await with great interest
the full opinion of the court. But, as things,
stand now, there is deep reason for thinking
that the national government is not doing its
full duty.
An honest and law-abiding School Board in
Little - Rock is prevented by the Governor of
Arkansas from admitting a few Negro children
to a high, school. The Federal courts say that
these children should be admitted. But the
Federal government does nothing as the school
year begins to overcome the resistance of the
Governor, the Legislature, and a majority of:
the white voters. In despair, the School Board
asked for a breathing spell which is denied by
the Supreme Court. This leaves the School
Board under obligations to admit the Negro
children and also under the irresistible power
of the state government which forbids their
admission.
As Federal troops cannot be used to open and
operate the schools that the Governor has
closed, the Federal government is left with an
-unattractive prospect of law suits to get the
Supreme Court to declare unconstitutional the,
laws -just recently enacted by the Arkansas
Legislature. What makes this so unattractive
is that, having defied the Supreme Court on
the original issue,' there is no reason to hope
that Arkansas will not also defy it on a sub-
sidiary decision.
E FUNDAMENTAL vice of the situation
is that the problem of enforcement, of over-
coming the resistance of the Southern states,
is not one which. can be handled successfully
by judicial decrees addressed to local. author-
ities. The problem of the enforcement of a law
requiring a great social change belongs not
to the courts alone but to the legislative and
executive branches of the government as well.
It is not possible for the courts to direct and,
to preside over the negotiations and the plan-
ning which are necessary if the basic decree
is to be translated into concrete action in the
Southern states. Integration, being a Federal
principle, is a Federal responsibility, which
cannot be left to the 'Federal courts alone. The
issue posed by the defiance of Gov. Faubus is
a challenge to'President Eisenhower, and as
he cannot crush the defiance with force, he
must negotiate for a workable compromise.
That ought not to be impossible. For there
are integrated schools in Arkansas, and in
principle Arkansas is not one of the states
which is opposed to integration as such. At the
same time, the integration which was actually
proposed by the Little Rock School Board, of
some nine Negro children .among 2,000 whites,
was merely a token integration. There is, there-
fore, room to negotiate, and what is lacking is
serious and resourceful leadership.
1958 New York Herald Tribune Inc.

In Indo-China we took -up a
confused, ambiguous position, half
of involvement and half of aloof-
ness. The result was to -leave the
Commiunist aggressors there hold-
ing a dagger over free-world inter-
ests-a dagger whose poised pres-
ence the Administration no longer
denies. But this, -too, was offered
as a victory for Mr. Dulles' diplo-
macy.
* * *
THE CHANGE in tone here-
and its importance could hardly be
overstated-seems to have begun
in the most recent crisis in the
Middle East. There, the President
stepped in with a boldness and
decisiveness unexampled forahim
in sending the Marines and para-
troopers to Lebanon.
Now, as in his address to the.
country of last week, he is talking
in a way that his Administration
was never quite willing to talk
before. He is saying that while he
will not fight for the little offshore
islands-Quemoy and so on--as
such, he will certainly fight for
them if the Chinese Communists
assault them as way stations to
largeraggressions.
He could have taken the easy
and popular evasion that the little
islands were in any case meaning-
less. And the temptation to do that
was great in light of the sinister
rise in the belligerence of Com-
munist China in association with
the Soviet Union.
Moreover, and this is the key to
the whole point, the President has
. obviously recognized that what he
is doing is not popular even in this
country--but only necessary in a
responsible leader.
This new kind of look is even
more evident in Secretary Dulles.

Mr. Dulles has publicly faced up
to two harsh realities-and what-
ever his actions of the past he has
faced up to them like a man.
One of these realities is that our
allies are absolutely out of step
with us in our Far East policy and
will not go along with us if we get
into serious trouble out there. The
r-9nd truth Mr. Dulles is now
owledgintg without shelter be-
I legalisms must have been
- Adest of all to accept ii an
Administration that has so per-
sistently, relied on public relations
techniques.
THIS REALITY is, that a foreign
policy in this world and in these
times cannot be run on any Gallup
poll, postcard principle of asking
the public to send in the answers
as to what really ought to be done.
In ,a word, the Madison Avenue
approach - the advertising tech-
niques which made peril look like
security and losses look like gains
---has gone from the conduct of.
our foreign policy. And not a
moment too soon. For it seems.
clear that the Administration is
way out ahead of the public in the
Formosa Straits, and only plain,
tough, candid talk will put right
that situation.
Many - this correspondent, for
one-have many times protested
the lack of candor in the Adminis-
tration. Perhaps they ought now,'
in fairness, to acknowledge that
Mr. Eisenhower and Mr. Dulles'
are looking steadfastly down the
gun barrel into the bright face of-
danger and running our affairs
abroad without resort to any soft-
sell or soft soap.
(Copyright, 1958, by United
Feature Syndicate, Inc.)

r

(Editor's Note: Mr. Steingoid, in his second year of Law School
and a 1957 graduate of the University's Jounalism Department,
was present at the September 11 session of the supreme Court.)
By FRED STEINGOLD, '60L
WASHINGTON, D.C.--Next month's Supreme Court opinion explain.
ing the Little Rock decision should clarify the court's 1955 ruling
that integration must proceed "with all deliberate speed." That am-
biguous phrase was employed three years ago in order to permit flexible
implementation of integration programs for it seemed obvious to the
court that progress in establishing mixed schools could not be expected
to take place as rapidly in deep-South Alabama as in border Maryland.
Up until last Friday's decision that Little Rock -must integrate its
schools at once, there was little concrete evidence of what the court

SUPREME COURT:

Deliberates Speed

NEW ASSEMBLY PRESIDENT-
Mali isovrAa Opston

By WILLIAM N. OATIS
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. ()-
Lebanon's scholarly, strongly pro-
American Foreign Minister Charles
Malik became the first Arab Presi-
dent of the UN General Assembly
yesterday and he won over a
massed array of Arab opposition.
. He is a cosmopolite by education
and diplomatic service, a Greek
Orthodox Christian and a man
skilled in both exact and inexact.
sciences.
The final contest came at the
outset of the 81 nation Assembly's
13th annual session with Sudan's
Foreign Minister Mohammed Ah-
med Mahgoub as his opponent.
MALIK, elected 45-31, told the
Assembly he would have been just
as happy to see Mahgoub chosen.
He said Lebanon's relations with
other Arab countries were so firm
they would remain unaffected by
"the sportsmanlike competition
between me and one 'of my best
friends."
As President he promised to
serve, the UN "and through it the
world," rather than his own coun-
try and region, and to apply the
UN charter and the Assembly's
rules strictly.

His triumph came only a week
before President Camille Cha-
moun's Beirut administration, in
which he has been Foreign Minis-
ter since November 1956, is to leave
office in favor of President-elect
Faud Chehab.
DURING HIS leadership of the
Foreign Ministry, Lebanon 'ac-
cepted. the Eisenhower doctrine of
U.S. aid to any mideastern coun-
try threatened by international
communism. Chamoun's govern-
mentalso invited in U.S. troops
last July to protect it on grounds
A New Twist
ONE NEGRO and two white
professors at Allen University
have lost their jobs under vague
charges of unsuitability. The situ-
ation first came to a head when,
a white Hungarian refugee stu-
dent was admitted to the all.
Negro student body at Allen Vni-
versity- Within a short time the
South Carolina State Board of
Education had withdrawn Allen's
right to certify its graduates as
teachers. The issue was clearly.
one of white teachers and awhite

that the U.A.R. had been sending -
in arms, men and propaganda to
help Lebanese rebels.I
At that same time Jordan in-
vited British troops in for a some- -
what similar.reason. When the
Assembly held an emergency. ses-
sion on the situation, Jordan
pushed ahead with its complaint.
But Malik then soft-pedaled.
Lebanon's and took a conciitory
attitude. The Aiab countries got
together as sponsors of a resolu-
tion to assign Secretary General
Dag Hammarskjold to settle
things. The resolution passed the
Assembly unanimously Aug. 21.
Malik's career has covered math-
ematics, physics, public health and
diplomacy.
He was born Feb. 11, 1906 in
Bitirram, Lebanon. He went to'
the American Mission School for
Boys in Tripoli, Lebanon; took a
bachelor's degree in mathematics
and physics from the American
University in Beirut and master's
and doctor's degrees in philosophy
from Harvard and went from Har-
vard on a fellowship to the Uni-
versity of Freiburg, Germany,
IN 1936-3'7, Malik was an as-
. %tfant 1-in nhiincnrhy- 1-t,- +-tm,.-...-.,

had in mind in 1955. The hearings
on the Little Rock case provided
at least a hint:of what stand will,
be taken in regard to the question
of what consttitutes "deliberate
speed."
The Supreme Court apparently
feels that popular hostility or even.
the threat of violence is not suf-
ficient to delay desegregation. In.
arguing the case for delay, Little
Rock School Board counsel Rich-
ard Butler lay great enphasis on
his claim that the majority of.
people in Little Rock don't want.
integrated schools. It is possible
however that the court would have
ruled otherwise had it been con-
vinced that violent resistance to
integration was spontaneous rather
than incited by state officials.
Butler's- argument that the
school board was caught in the
midst of a conflict between " two
sovereignties," that is, federal and,
state government, also found little
favor with the court. Chief Justice
Earl Warren indicated that the
relief asked for by the - school
board was intimately tied up with
Arkansas' attempts to thwart'
integration and that the school
was, pure and simple, an agent of
the state.
IN WHAT is widely regarded as
the -most significant comment of
the llearing, Chief Justice- Warren
said to Butler:'
"The real issue is not just
whether the school board is being
frustrated, but whether any agent
of the state is preventing the stu-
dents from exercising. their con-
stitutional rights. Is not this court
concerned with whether the state
action has frustrated the con-
stitutional rights of these chil-
dren?"
Further questioning from the
court seemed to indicate that com-
plying in good faith with the
court's earlier ruling means more
than mere watchful waiting, by
school authorities and that even a
campaign to prepare a city for

the Supreme Court was for what
he called a "balancing of the
equities." He insisted that an
order to proceed with integration
would disrupt the entire Little
Rock school system -- the only
benefit being the attainment of
an "intangible right" by a handful
of Negro students.
The court seeris to have rejected
this argument also and perhaps in
its opinion it will adopt the posi-
tion of Thurgood Marshall, counsel
for the National ,Association for
the Advancement of Colored Peo-
ple. Marshall said "democracy is
tough. There's always going to be
a measure of difficulty involved."
How far will the court go at the
Oct. 6 meeting toward spelling out
what it means by "deliberate
speed'? For one thing, it will
probably say that in those segre-
. gated school districts facing prob-
lems which are the same or similar
to those faced in Little Rock, there
is no room for delay. "Deliberate
speed" in -these areas will mean
immediate integration.
Furthermore, state officials will
probably be reminded that inte
gration in the schools is, and for
four years has been, the law of
the land. Therefore an official's
oath of office pledging support of
the Constitution should be inter-
preted at least as meaning that he
will not actively -incite opposition -
to the court's decree.
BUT IT -is doubtful that the
court will go farther and order
immediate integration throughout
the South or even detail the steps
that must be taken toward de-
segregation.
The court still seems to recog-
nize a need for flexibility and
therefore the door will probably
be left open for further litigation
-particularly in the deep South.
Federal judges on the district
court level can be expected to read
the opinion carefully for clues as

Editorial Staff
RICHARD TAUB, Editor
KRAFT JO
. Director,

HN wEICHER
City Editor

DAVID TARR
Associate Editor

'ANTOR....................;:Personnel Director
rILLOUGHBY.......Associate Editorial Director
JORGENSON.........Associate City Editor
ETH ERSKINE....Associate Personnel Director
ONES............,. ...Sports Editor
ISEMAN. .... Associate Sports Editor
EMAN.......~...... Associate Sports Editor
ARNOLD............ Chief Photographer
Business Staff
STPHEWN TOlPOL. BsnssAAnaa.

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