See Page 4
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
PARTLY CLOUDY, WARMER
VOL. LXIX, No. 99
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1959
- S _
Reject Student Building Fund
In Democratic Pre-Campaign Test
By JAMES SEDER
Special to The Daily
GRAND RAPIDS - The Bowerman proposal, which would re-
quire students to pledge $45 a semester, payable after graduation, is
meeting seemingly unanimous disapproval by Democrats here at
their state convention.
Mrs. Mildren Jeffreys, chairman of the Democratic Pre-conven-
tion Platform Committee, reported that no committee members sup-
ported this resolution. Don Stev-
ens, member of Michigan State
University's governing board, the
Board of Agriculture, was one of
the speakers that strongly criti-
cized the Bowerman proposal.
The committee adopted a stu-
dent scholarship proposal which.
Paul Weber, Gov. G. Mennen Wil-
liams' legislative assistant, termed
similar to those which Gov. Wil-
liams has recommended several
times in the past. This proposal
would include a scholarship plan
based on both federal and state
aid. One possible idifference about
which party leaders were uhce-
tain was who would receive these1
' .. courageous example"
Spelal to The Daily
GRAND RAPIDS - Ifike the
Republicans last weekend, the
Democrats are proposing an
"either-or" tax program. '
The Democratic Party Conven-
tion Platform Committee report-
edly will recommend that the
Legislature accept either Gov. G.
Mennen Williams' tax proposal
now before the Legislature, or
propose a Constitutional amend-
ment authorizing the state to in-
crease the public debt.
Part of the Demcoratic problem
according to rumors that are cir-
culating here, and according to
reports issuing from Lansing, is
that both parties "are afraid to
borrow from the Veteran's Trust
Fund." The reason for this is the
reported dispute raised by veter-
Although the Democrats are
strongly criticizing the "present"
Republicans' stand of last week-
end, observers last night were left
wondering what the Democratic
Party in the Legislature would do.
It appeared here that the Dem-
ocrats were leaving a large meas-
ure of. discretion to the Legisla-
ture as a result of their "either-
or" tax proposals. In criticizing
the "crazy-quilt patchwork of
(State) tax problems," the Demo-
crats did offer as one alternative
to the Governor's proposal, which
includes a graduated personal in-
come tax and "virtual repeal" of
corporate franchise and intan-
One positive act, however, was
the strong, but expected, attack
on the Republican plan to raise
the sales tax from three per cent
> to four per cent.
Noting that this would mean a
33 per cent increase in the sales
tax, and "give Michigan the high-
est sales tax in the nation," the
Democrats strongly oppose this
WASHINGTON (P) -- Secre-
tary of State John Foster Dulles
began yesterday the second fight
of his life against cancer.
He took the first of a series of
treatments under a million volt
X-ray machine at Walter Reed
Gov. Williams had asked that
these programs be based on abil-
ity, whereas the resolution from
the pre-convention committee's
recommendation asked that the
scholarships be awarded on "the
due basis of merit and need."
Weber reported that the com-
mittee's report apparently cleared
up one difficulty with the govern-
Objections had been raised in
the Legislature that the Williams'
proposal would discriminate
against private colleges and uni-
versities. The new proposal ex-
plicitly states that these scholar-
ships would be "usable in any col-
lege o runiversity in the state,
public or private."
The committee recommenda-
tions also include an expansion
of the community college program.
It recognizes that the development
of community colleges is a time-
consuming process, but it recom-
mends that the Democratic party
pledge itself to support efforts "to
establish an adequate community'
All of these recommendations'
will go before the full convention
today. Other business coming be-
fore the convention will include
'The three most important'nom-
inations already were pre-empted
by re-election plans of Supreme
Court Justices John D. Voeklker;
and George Edwards and Lynn D.
Bartlett, State Superintendent ofi
A field of 35 candidates was en-
tered for the mainly honorary
policy level positions.
WASHINGTON () - Russia
was' described by a United States
government scientist yesterday as
having the capability of beating
this country in the race to achieve
a successful round trip flight by
man through space.
"We should prepare the Afneri-
can people for the fact that they
are likely to do so," Dr. Hugh L.
Dryden, Deputy Administrator of
the National Aeronautics and
Space Administration said.
Dryden was one of several NASA
officials appearing before a Sen-
ate space subcommittee in behalf
of the agency's budget requests.
Congress is being asked for
more than 485 million dollars to
finance the civilian space program
through the 12 months starting
July 1, as well as an, additional 48
million dollars for the rest of this
Dr. T. Keith Glennan, NASA
head, predicted Thursday that the
annual cost of space projects will
soar into the billions after an-
other couple of years.
Sen. Howard W. Cannon (D-
Nev.) questioned Dryden at yes-
terday's hearing whether the
space programs were worth the
cost. Dryden said he was confi-
dent they are.
"Man is going to be in space to
find useful things to do in space,"
He said space vehicles now are
in about the same stage of devel-
opment as the airplane was when
the Wright brothers made their
Bri tish Lose
COLOGNE, Germany (P)-West:
Germany has outstripped Britain
to become the Soviet bloc's lead-
ing Western trade partner, a sur-
vey showed yesterday.
The federation of German in-
dustries said West Germany's
trade with the Communist East
totaled 3.3 billion marks ($785,-
40,000) in 1958, an impressive
37.5 per cent increase over the
Britain's board of trade will
come out with its exact figures
early next week but tentative
figures indicate it will not equal
the West German total.
According to these figures, Brit-
ain't trade with the Soviet Union,
China and Poland totaled $463,-
Goods exchanged with the oth-
er Communist countries is not ex-
pected to be more than .200 mil-
ACAPULCO, Mexico OP)-Pres-
ident Dwight D. Eisenhower and
Mexico's President Adolfo Lopez
*Iateos ended their two-day good
neighbor meeting last night by
agreeing to build a joint 100 mil-
lion dollar dam on the Rio Grande
The two chief executives also
agreed that their governments
should cooperate to help Mexico
sell more minerals, coffee and
The results of their five hours
of conferences were announced in
a communique stressing that the
two men met as friends seeking
to contribute to a just and lasting
"The presidents reconfirmed
that relations between Mexico
and the United States are excel-
lent and are characterized by a
spirit of good neighborliness, mu-
tual understanding and respect,"
the communique said.
On the agricultural front, they
also agreed their experts should
launch a joint attack against the
screw worm which "is causing
grave damage to livestock in both
The dam, President Eisenhower
and Lopez Mateos agreed should
be built, is to be known as the
A structure 250 feet high and
six and one-half miles long, it
is to be located about 12 miles
from the Texas town of Del Rio
on the Rio Grande.
The dam has been in the talk-
ing stage for about 10 years. It
would back up the Falcon Dam,
which was the first such joint
undertaking of the two nations
The new dam would promote
flood control and provide more ir-
rigation and power benefits.
The 800-word final communi-
que came after a second two and
one-half hour conference between
the two presidents in a private
dining room of the plus, Pierre
Marques Hotel on the Pacific
The session came near the end
of President Eisenhower's 36-hour
good will trip south of the border.
President Eisenhower was ex-
pected to leave this hot vacation
resort about midnight for a flight
to Augusta, Ga., or perhaps back
to Washington if the weather is
bad in Georgia.
President Eisenhower and Lopez
Mateos interrupted their after-
noon conference for an unsuccess-
ful effort to greet about 300 Mexi-
can and United States reporters
RECORD BREAKER--Defending NCAA breast-stroke champion
Frank Modine of Michigan State pulled ahead of Wolverines Cy
Hopkins and Ron Clark on the last lap to set a new American
record in the 200-yd. event last night.
Edge Spartans, 64-41
By DICK MINTZ
Special to The Daily
EAST LANSING-The Michigan swimmers celebrated their 25th
consecutive dual meet victory last night with a 64-41 victory over a
star-studded Michigan State team.
The Spartans gained some measure of glory as Frank Modine
cracked the American 200-yd. breast-stroke record to take the meet's
individual honors. Pushed by Wolverines Cy Hopkins and Ron Clark,
the Spartan national champion
WASHINGTON (P) -Govern-
ment figures showed yesterday a
rise of one-tenth of one per cent in
the cost of living during January.
This meant that a lull in infla-
tion continued, moving into its
The living cost index was still a
hairsbreadth below the record
high, achieved last year.
The spendable earnings and
buying power of factory workers
went to the highest point of any
January, although they dipped as
usual from the December level.
It was the first time since the
onset of the 1957-58 recession that
a monthly earnings record has
Except for a three-tenths of one
per cent increase in food prices,
the Consumer Price Index would
have declined last month, the
Bureau of Labor Statistics said.
At 123.8 per cent of the 1947-9
average, the index now stands one-
tenth of a point below the peak
reached in July 1958 and again in
Since last April the country has
enjoyed the longest period of com-
parative price stability since the
monthly index was begun in 1940,
the Bureau pointed out. Consum-
er prices have not varied by more
than three tenths of one per cent
in the nine months.
The. outlook is for only minor
fluctuations up or down for the
next several months, Bureau Com-
missioner Ewan Clague told re-
porters - unless the business re-
covery picks up considerably more
steam than it has had lately.
Administration officials still
fear a price spurt later in the year,
The price report meant no wage
increase for one and one-quarter
million auto, aircraft and farm im-
plement workers whose hourly
Scale is adjusted quarterly to the
movement of the index. They have
had no increase since last summer,
following almost regular cost-of-
living pay boosts for the previous
However, about 82,000 workers,
mostly in aircraft plants, whose
pay gains are. figured on a dif-
ferent basis, got back the penny an
hour which they lost last October.
The upswing in food prices last
month reversed a five-month
down-trend which has helped pre-
serve the stability of living costs.
Beef, fresh -vegetables, veal and
poultry all went up, outweighing
declines for fresh fruits, pork, cof-
fee, eggs and milk.
Transportation costs edged down
one-tenth of one per cent as auto
dealers discounted the prices of
new cars and thus more than off-
set sizable boosts in automobile in-
surance rates at the start of the
Clothing prices dropped seven
tenths of one per cent, mostly be-
cause of seasonal sales of fall and
winter apparel, but shoe prices
Costs of medical care continued
to rise, as did the cost of personal
care - mostly because of higher
prices for haircuts and cosmetics.
Housing costs did not change.
House furnishings prices went
down but fuel costs rose seasonally.
WASHINGTON () - A spokes-
man said yesterday the United'
States expects a reply from the
Soviet government to its proposal
for a big four foreign ministers
He remarked tartly that the
nroposal was not directed to Ra-
Promised by State
To Meet Payrolls
By JOHN WECHER
Daily City EEItor
The University is in better fi-
nancial shape now than it has
been for several weeks, President
Harlan Hatcher told the Regents
The state has promised future
payments which will enable the
University to meet payrolls un-
til May, Vice-President in charge
of Business and Finance Wilbur
K. Pierpont said, in addition to
the $2.7 million received last
Besides the regular monthly in-
stallments, Pierpont said, the
state will attempt to pay some of
the $7.5 million it owes the Uni-
versity for the last three months.
This money will be used to pay
$600,000 to $700,000 in unpaid bills
accumulated over the last feV
However, Pierpont added, the
University's position is still criti-
cal. It has now spent $3.4 million
worth of student fees in partial
repayment of bank loans which
were made in December and Jan-
uary to tide the University over
the cash shortage.
The remaining $600,000 will be
repaid with student fees for sum-
mer school, Pierpont said.. These
loans are being paid now to avoid
interest charges amounting to $9,-
000 a month.
As a result the University will
need more than = its regular
monthly installments between now
and June to meet payrolls, since
the state provides only about
three-quarters of each month's
expenses, and the'rest is usually
met through student fees.
Pierpont also gave credit to the
state administrative board, whlvh,
he said, "has faced an impossible
task of trying to make inade-
quate revenues cover 1958 legis-
dLONDN ()- Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan talked over the
aims of his mission to Moscow
with Queen Elizabeth II yesterday.
He is taking off for the Soviet
Union today with the major pur
pose of sounding out prospects for
improved East-West understand-
Macmillan told Queen Elizabeth
at luncheon in Buckingham Palace
what he hopes to accomplish in his
contacts with Premier Nikita
Khrushchev and other Soviet lead-
His royal hostess was described
as an interested listene'r.
Few Told t
At the moment the Queen may
be one of the few people in the
world who knows exactly what the
Prime Minister has in mind.
But the trip comes at a time
when proposed arrangements for
spring negotiations on Germany
occupy Russian and Western Big
A veteran Western ambassador
in Moscow said yesterday he be-
lieves Khrushchev will tell Mac-
millan the Soviet Union will accept
Western proposals for a Big Four
foreign ministers conference on
German unity, the Berlin crisis
and related issues.
The Russians have been calling
for a meeting at the summit while
criticizing the latest Western notes
as lacking constructive; sugges-
Most diplomatic observers in
Moscow, however, expect' only
limited results from Msmilan's
made his record-breaking effort,
to pull away from the clustered
trio on the last lap of the race. He
finished with a time'of 2:24.4, al-
most a full second ahead of the old
American mark of 2:23.3.
The partisan fans at State's
cramped Jenison pool disregarded
the point total mounting against
them as the Spartan individual
heroes gained first.
Spartan national champion Bill
Steuart won both the 220- and
440-yd. free style.
With the outcome of the meet
practically a foregone conclusion,
even before the Wolverines won
their first event, the State 'fans
hoped to gain first in the featured
individual matches of the evening.
The indefatigable Steuart did
not let them down, as he finished
first by a full pool length in the
440-yard free style, defeating the
Wolverine's surprising John Ur-
bansock, who finished second, and
In the 220-yard free style, Han-
See TEAM, Page 6
NICOSIA, Cyprus (A') - The
London agreement to make Cy-
prus an independent republic
brought protests yesterday from
Turkish Cypriot youngsters and a
wary apathy from many Greek
British, troops were called out
to prevent disorders after Turkish
Cypriot school children began a
noisy demonstration against the
accord reached Thursday in Lon-
don. They shouted "Partition or
death" and "Death to Makarios."
Archbishop 'Makarios is the
Greek Cypriot leader exiled by the
British for rebel activity but now
a participant in the accord. Par-
tition earlier was a demand of
the island's Turkish minority in
the Greek, Turkish, British strug-
gle on Cyprus.
By The Associated Press
CAIRO -- Yugoslav President Tito arrived here yesterday for con-
ferences with President Abdel Nasser of the United Arab Republic and
declared their two countries were working to preserve world peace "in
In a prepared statement read to newsmen at Kubbeh Palace, Tito
said his past meetings with Nasser and his aides "have led to strength-
ening of our friendship and in-
creasing its scope." OPENS LANE HA
HAVANA - The Castro govern-
ment yesterday authorized a com-
bined lottery and savings bond
plan for Cubans.
The bonds will be issued as lot-
tery tickets. Those held for three
years can be redeemed at full
value plus three per cent interest.
* * *
KARACHI, Pakistan - The for-
eign office yesterday brushed off
a Soviet charge that Pakistan is
converting its territory into a for-
eign military base under treaties.
with the United States and other
nations allied with the West.
RIO DE JANEIRO--A new long-
range program to revive Brazil's
drought - parched northeast got
It calls for scores of irrigation
projects, industrialization and in-
creased capital investment.
* * ,,
GUATEMALA - Two strong
earth tremors were felt here at
noon vesterdav ht nondama
.ice a a n...i a .a. a. +. 1 ire .i i .L R .Lt.i..t .i./ .i . i . I
Negro Little Rock Grad Speaks Here
By CHARLAINE ACKERMAN
A year ago September, Central High School, Little Rock, Ark.,
first opened its doors to Negro students, and Ernest Green was one of
the few to boldly enter.
Yesterday Green, now a Michigan State University freshman,
initiated this semester's Lane Hall Coffee Hours by giving an "insider's
account" of Little Rock's integration problems.
"Although my former school, Horace Mann High, was anew
building and highly rated among the Negro schools in the state, I
decided to transfer to Central. There I felt I would receive a better
education," Ernest said.
Negroes File Applications
Before his senior year, he explained, the Little Rock School Board
asked that all Negro students in the Central district wanting ad-
mittance to the then all-white high school file application.
"Uncertain of he precise criteria used in selecting the 12 students
to enter Central," he ventured, "I imagine we were chosen on the basis
of scholarship, extra-curricular activities and several personality
Of the 12 selected, only nine actually enrolled in Central that fall
Green was the only entering senior.
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